06/08/2013 World News Today


06/08/2013

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This is BBC World News Today. Airlift from Yemen. The US and

:00:12.:00:15.

Britain evacuate diplomatic staff amid fears of a significant terror

:00:15.:00:19.

attack in the Arab nation. British and American citizens are also told

:00:19.:00:25.

to leave immediately. Reports say Al-Qaeda was planning one of the

:00:25.:00:28.

most serious plots against Western interests since 9/11.

:00:28.:00:34.

Let's talk. Two days into his new job, Iran's president calls for

:00:34.:00:37.

serious negotiations with the West over the country's controversial

:00:37.:00:40.

nuclear programme. Also coming up, a silent killer in

:00:40.:00:46.

eastern Canada. A python escapes from a pet shop and strangles two

:00:46.:00:49.

children as they sleep. And China gets a taste for French

:00:49.:00:54.

wine. But it is not just bottles they are snapping up, it is an

:00:54.:01:04.
:01:04.:01:12.

Hello and welcome to the programme. The US and UK are warning of an

:01:12.:01:17.

extremely high terrorism threat in Yemen and have began evacuating

:01:17.:01:22.

diplomatic staff following the sudden closure of 20 US embassies

:01:22.:01:28.

and consulates on Sunday. Both countries advise citizens in Yemen

:01:28.:01:33.

to get out immediately. The US has intercepted conversations between

:01:33.:01:37.

two senior Al-Qaeda figures, including top leader Ayman

:01:37.:01:43.

al-Zawahiri and their representative in Yemen. The warning to leave Yemen

:01:43.:01:49.

came shortly after a US drone strike killed four suspected Al-Qaeda

:01:49.:01:54.

militants. The BBC's Yalda Hakim is just back from Yemen after speaking

:01:54.:01:58.

to people whose family members have been killed in what they say are

:01:58.:02:04.

drone strikes. Yemen is one of the front lines in

:02:04.:02:09.

America's war against Al-Qaeda. The number of don't strikes has tripled

:02:09.:02:16.

between 2011 and 2012. -- drone strikes. That is according to a US

:02:16.:02:22.

think tank. But for this farmer, it comes with a high human cost. He was

:02:22.:02:26.

working in the fields one day when he heard the blast, we went to see

:02:26.:02:31.

what happened and when he got there, he saw that two missiles had

:02:31.:02:41.
:02:41.:03:09.

killed in the Yemeni town last September. This footage was given to

:03:09.:03:15.

us by a local journalist. Survivors said they saw at least one drone and

:03:15.:03:25.
:03:25.:03:42.

Al-Qaeda leader travelling on the same stretch of road. The United

:03:42.:03:45.

States has never officially acknowledged that it carried out the

:03:45.:03:50.

strike, the Yemeni government paid $75,000 in blood money to the

:03:50.:03:56.

families. With drone strikes an established part of US strategy to

:03:56.:04:01.

combat Al-Qaeda, a Yemeni youth activist has a worrying message for

:04:01.:04:08.

Washington. The United States thinks it understands Yemen, but drones of

:04:08.:04:14.

been one of the most effective tools for Al-Qaeda to succeed in Yemen. A

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big part of Al-Qaeda's pirate at the moment is convincing Yemeni people

:04:20.:04:26.

that they are at war with the United States. -- Al-Qaeda's pirate.

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the Yemeni Foreign Minister rejects this analysis. I have heard this,

:04:30.:04:35.

and there might be some truth in it, but the fact is that if your targets

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are Al-Qaeda leaders, and if they are in danger in the security of

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your country, there is no alternative. The Foreign Minister

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also says the accidental killing of civilians is an unfortunate

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side-effect of war, but that is little comfort for the ball like

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this farmer, who knows his fight for justice is a long and lonely one.

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That was Yalda Hakim reporting. Anthony Cordesman is the Arleigh A

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Burke Chair in strategy at their Centre for Strategic and

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International Studies and is in Washington for as. Good to have you

:05:14.:05:19.

there. I am not sure if you could hear another report the analysis

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that these drone attacks, and there was another one, is perhaps

:05:24.:05:28.

providing some sort of order or incentive for Al-Qaeda in Yemen to

:05:28.:05:35.

attack US interests, what do you think? Firstly, this is the same

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reaction everywhere that they are used. A lot of it is straight

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propaganda. You have a target in Al-Qaeda, who do all they can to

:05:47.:05:53.

make this into an attack on the local population. They will stage

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people to appear in crowds, to be spokesman to the media, who claim to

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have had civilian casualties, and there are real civilian casualties,

:06:04.:06:10.

but the fact is this is war. If you are going to deal with a terrorist

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movement, which in many ways is an insurgent group, that hides behind

:06:15.:06:23.

the billion areas, that locates itself with women and children. --

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hides behind civilian areas. That attempts to move in ways that there

:06:28.:06:33.

is no ability to distinguish between military and civilian targets, the

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drones offer advantages no other method of attack does. It can loiter

:06:37.:06:44.

for a long time, can observe what is happening on the ground, bring in

:06:44.:06:48.

other intelligence sources, because unlike a combat aircraft, you can

:06:48.:06:54.

take the time and loiter over the target. That does not mean there

:06:54.:07:00.

will not be tragedies, or innocent civilians, but in a war, the fact is

:07:00.:07:07.

that the enemy is going to get killed. If you...And if the enemy

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fights this kind of war, there will be cases, tragic as they are, we're

:07:13.:07:18.

civilians died. You describe this as a war, so how credible do you

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believe this threat to be? And why has the US moved to shut embassies

:07:24.:07:28.

in 19 other countries? I think the problem we have is the New York

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Times and other papers have basically focused on a possible

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communications link between the head of Al-Qaeda, is essentially in

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Pakistan, and the head of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen,

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but what none of those now is what really is the mixture of sources and

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methods. You almost never react to one indicator to date. Behind this,

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what no one will say, because it will give away sources and methods,

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is probably a history of weeks or months of build-up, a whole set of

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additional indicators, which can be anything from imagery of what is

:08:09.:08:15.

happening on the ground, to pattern analysis, to something like

:08:15.:08:18.

money-laundering or the movement of weapons, or simply patterns of

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immigration that no one will disclose. But you do not do this

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simply because you have one indicator. You do this because you

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have a mixture of indicators that there is a truly serious threat.

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Anthony Cordesman, we shall leave it there, thank you for your analysis

:08:36.:08:43.

from Washington. Let us move on to Iran, where the

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new president is showing signs that he wants to open talks with the

:08:48.:08:50.

international community of his country's controversial nuclear

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programme. Hassan Rouhani says he is ready to start serious talks and

:08:56.:09:05.

without wasting time. TRANSLATION: I do not think that the

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West has heard Iran's message. I do not think that the West thinks that

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continuing their sanctions and threats will bring them to any

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conclusion. Interaction and constructive talks, to resolve

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:09:34.:09:35.

mutual concerns, guarantees both sides' interests and we are after

:09:35.:09:39.

the win-win game. And this is possible. Let us discuss the

:09:39.:09:45.

significance of this by speaking to Amir Paivar from BBC Persian TV. We

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heard those comments of a win-win game, and it being possible, what do

:09:50.:09:58.

you think? I think it is possible. It would not have been any easier,

:09:58.:10:06.

or the state would not have been better set than it is now with the

:10:06.:10:09.

government of Hassan Rouhani, but it does not mean it will be an easy

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ride, because in Iran, the last word is that of the supreme leader. The

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country would not want to be seen as losing too much with no negotiations

:10:25.:10:30.

with their nuclear programme. So there is the opportunity there are,

:10:30.:10:34.

but it would be a difficult task. Just on that point about the supreme

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leader, is there any chance that perhaps the new president is taking

:10:40.:10:45.

instructions from him to open up talks or is this coming from Hassan

:10:45.:10:49.

Rouhani himself? It could not have come from Hassan Rouhani alone. The

:10:49.:10:55.

general understanding is the supreme leader is backing this initiative.

:10:55.:11:00.

The question is how far each of them would want to go. For the survival

:11:00.:11:07.

of the regime, that is paramount to the supreme leader. But that is

:11:07.:11:11.

undermined because of the current stand-off, and that is what the

:11:11.:11:17.

supreme leader would want fixed. But for diplomats, such as Hassan

:11:17.:11:21.

Rouhani and the people around him, they would want to go further, which

:11:21.:11:28.

is weird difficulties would start. But to start negotiations, to talk

:11:28.:11:31.

to world powers over Iran's dossier is what the supreme leader once as

:11:31.:11:37.

well. Very briefly, Hassan Rouhani spoke about the election

:11:38.:11:41.

consolidating the process of democracy in Iran, what do you

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think, is that true? You see people from conservatives, from centrist

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and reformists in his cabinet. This is a national unity cabinet and will

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probably decrease the infighting within the regime and bring more

:11:58.:12:01.

stability. On those terms, I think he is right.

:12:01.:12:09.

Thank you. A brief look at some of the other news. A series of car

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bombs has gone off in the Iraqi capital Baghdad killing at least 20

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people. The blast targeted markets and shopping districts and other

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latest in a sting of attacks which have risen since the start of the

:12:23.:12:29.

year. July was the deadliest month since 2008 according to the US.

:12:29.:12:33.

A former US Army psychiatrist has gone on trial in Texas over the

:12:33.:12:40.

deaths of 13 people at Fort hood in 2009. He is accused of the worst

:12:40.:12:47.

noncombat attack on a military base in history. He is representing

:12:47.:12:51.

himself and told jurors the evidence would show he was the shooter, but

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would not tell the whole story. Now to Canada where two young boys

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have been killed by an rock python. It escaped from a pet shop and

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police say the 16 foot snake coiled itself around the five and

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seven-year-old boys as they were sleeping. It had apparently got into

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their flat through a ventilation system.

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Seven-year-old Connor and five-year-old Noah adored one

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another. Sleepovers were a regular treat, but yesterday, a visit to

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their best friend's home turned into unimaginable tragedy. The police

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sealed off the New Brunswick building where the brothers were

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killed. They had spent the night at the flat above the pet shop where

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their friend lived. It is believed the snake kept on the ground floor

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of the shop slip out of its cage, travelled through the ventilation

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unit and into the room the boys were sleeping. The shop owner, a family

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friend, discovered the children. thought they were sleeping until I

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saw the hall in the ceiling. I switched on the lights and saw this

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horrific scene, and the snake was gone. When I found it, it was

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underneath a spot, and I pinned him down, put him in a cage. The snake,

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similar to these, is thought to be an African rock python,

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approximately four metres long, and it had wrapped itself around the

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children. By the time the emergency services arrived, the boys were

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dead. Experts say incidents like these or error. Was the snake

:14:30.:14:35.

Hungary? Absolutely. That does not mean that it was a snake that was

:14:35.:14:40.

neglected. Nevertheless, one Canadian media report claims

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customers had previously complained about the conditions at the shop and

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a question hangs over whether the shop was properly licensed. Tonight,

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the boys' mother is described as grief stricken.

:14:57.:15:01.

The European Commission is to send a team of monitors to the border

:15:01.:15:05.

between Spain and Jabbar author as the row over the British territory

:15:05.:15:09.

continues. As macro Spain and Gibraltar. The Spanish government

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says it may introduce a fee to cross the border and close Spanish

:15:13.:15:16.

airspace to flights bound for The Rock. The monitors are expected to

:15:16.:15:19.

arrive in the next month or so. From Gibraltar, Tom Burridge sent this

:15:19.:15:29.
:15:29.:15:32.

report. They are disputed waters between Spain and Britain. As you

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can see, we are not far from the Rock and according to the Gibraltar

:15:39.:15:42.

government we are clearly in their waters, but the Spanish government

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disagrees. Hello ask is the source of the tension, the row between

:15:49.:15:56.

Spain, Gibraltar and Britain. -- below us. Seven days ago Gibraltar

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says it has created an artificial reef, Spain says the blocks were

:16:03.:16:07.

dumped in the sea to keep Spanish Fishermens away. In the morning mist

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we found these Spanish fishermen preparing their nets. It's madness,

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says this man. For years we have got on well and now we have fallen out

:16:19.:16:25.

with our neighbours. Their Gibraltar neighbours have set -- live in a

:16:25.:16:30.

small slice of Britain for 300 years. Spain gave Gibraltar to

:16:30.:16:34.

Britain in a peace treaty but has since claimed it should be given

:16:34.:16:44.
:16:44.:16:44.

back. Spain has threatened a 50 euros charged to cross the. --

:16:44.:16:54.

charge to cross the border. This is really so totally contrary to the

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Freedom of Rome but we believe this will be illegal and therefore it

:16:58.:17:07.

cannot be made to work. -- that we believe. There has been tension in

:17:07.:17:12.

these crowded waters before. People on either side of the divide our

:17:12.:17:16.

friends, colleagues and neighbours, but the three governments on this

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issue for now can't get along. Europeans have enjoyed wine for

:17:25.:17:28.

centuries and now it seems the Chinese have developed a taste for

:17:28.:17:33.

the tipple, so much so that French Vineyards are being bought by

:17:33.:17:39.

Chinese investors, but are they maintaining quality? In a moment we

:17:39.:17:42.

will hear from Celia Hatton in Beijing but first here is Christian

:17:43.:17:47.

Fraser in the French city of Bordeaux.

:17:47.:17:57.
:17:57.:17:58.

That or it's of Chateau de Pique date from the 14th century. -- the

:17:58.:18:08.
:18:08.:18:09.

turrets. TRANSLATION: the French have been

:18:09.:18:16.

waking wine far longer than the Chinese. You have to recognise that

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expertise and I hope to maintain that.

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But a large part of what is produced in the Chinese owned Vineyards is

:18:23.:18:31.

destined for the Chinese alone. There is no reflection about

:18:31.:18:36.

quality, they just want to buy a brand and make money from it.

:18:36.:18:44.

region of 8000 chateaux, the Chinese owned less than 60. What is far more

:18:44.:18:50.

significant is the trade. Last year they bought 21 million bottles of

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wine. The middle-class in China will grow to some 300 million people in

:18:57.:19:04.

coming years, and that is of value to Chinese investors who want to

:19:04.:19:14.
:19:14.:19:15.

control the tyre supply train from production to the consumer.

:19:15.:19:19.

Chinese usually reach for French wine when they want to enjoy

:19:19.:19:22.

something. Chinese wine is a different story. Many believe they

:19:23.:19:26.

can't compete with their rivals in the old world. Someone to change

:19:26.:19:33.

that. In a region better known for mining coal than growing grapes, one

:19:33.:19:40.

winery has won over the world's toughest critics. These wines are

:19:41.:19:48.

picking up scores of international awards and lots of local fans. It

:19:48.:19:51.

has European touches including oak barrels from French forests but the

:19:51.:19:57.

work that sets its wine apart is all Chinese.

:19:57.:20:04.

You have been dating for people to buy your wine so you are used to

:20:04.:20:10.

begging, and now we don't need to beg any more. Since 2008 the

:20:10.:20:16.

vineyard sells all of its wine every year, 2 million bottles. Most of the

:20:16.:20:21.

wine is consumed inside the country. Chinese drinkers, it seems, are

:20:21.:20:26.

learning to look past their French favourites to Smith, swirl and

:20:26.:20:35.

swallow a local success story. -- sniff.

:20:35.:20:39.

I did not know that the Chinese were wine drinkers. Has this been going

:20:39.:20:47.

on for some time? It is a fairly new experience for the Chinese. They

:20:47.:20:53.

made wine 4000, 5000 years ago but they have really concentrated on

:20:53.:20:58.

spirits made from grains and it was not until the 1980s that the

:20:58.:21:03.

government decided to get behind grape wine because they were

:21:03.:21:08.

concerned about the amount of alcohol being consumed. How much is

:21:08.:21:12.

this a status symbol and the new middle-class wanting what Westerners

:21:12.:21:22.

wanted? The top end of the market certainly is but at the lower end it

:21:22.:21:28.

is very much about changing drinking habits. To show how quickly China

:21:28.:21:32.

has developed, within 30 years they have now become the sixth largest

:21:32.:21:38.

wine producing country in the world, they are looking at becoming

:21:38.:21:45.

maybe larger in the next five years. That is extraordinary. They are

:21:45.:21:54.

having to groan their own wine, white? -- grow their own wine,

:21:54.:22:04.
:22:04.:22:05.

wine? -- why? If you have a lot of money you like to own your own

:22:05.:22:10.

Vineyard and in some cases that is what is happening in Bordeaux. The

:22:10.:22:14.

Chinese economy is one of the few that is still working so they have

:22:14.:22:22.

some money and they are investing, partly to meet the demand back home.

:22:23.:22:29.

Have you tasted any Chinese wine? have tasted a few, we are still

:22:29.:22:35.

trying to find the right one to put on display. Two years ago a Chinese

:22:35.:22:41.

wine one Trophy at one of the biggest wine tasting competitions.

:22:41.:22:51.
:22:51.:22:54.

-- wine won a trophy. I wonder if... I don't know if cultural

:22:54.:22:58.

cringe is the right word but 30 years ago Australian wine was seen

:22:58.:23:04.

as inferior. Do you think we will be any position where drinking Chinese

:23:04.:23:12.

wine will be second nature? -- in a position. I think so. The Vineyards

:23:12.:23:22.
:23:22.:23:22.

and the experience are both quite underdeveloped. They are learning

:23:22.:23:27.

and their wines are getting better year in, year out.

:23:27.:23:34.

A year ago today the Mars rover Curiosity was touching down on the

:23:34.:23:39.

Martian surface. So far over 70,000 images have been sent act to Earth

:23:39.:23:44.

and we have learned a lot more about the red planet. Our science editor

:23:44.:23:50.

David Shukman has the details. It began with a high-speed approach

:23:50.:23:55.

and then a nail-biting descent. One year ago in NASA's most

:23:55.:24:03.

sophisticated rover successfully touched down on Mars.

:24:03.:24:06.

Mission control erupted. Years of planning had paid off and a series

:24:07.:24:13.

of discoveries was to follow. This sequence of pictures shows how

:24:13.:24:20.

Curiosity got to work exploring the landscape of the clues about whether

:24:20.:24:26.

it ever could have supported life. Let's imagine we could be on Mars

:24:26.:24:31.

right side Curiosity. The most striking thing is its sheer size but

:24:31.:24:34.

this allows it to carry more instruments than ever before to see

:24:34.:24:39.

if life could ever have existed. The first discovery was on the surface

:24:39.:24:45.

itself. Curiosity was among rocks that had formed a bit of a stream.

:24:45.:24:55.
:24:55.:24:56.

-- aid head. -- a bed. It attempted something never tried before, to use

:24:56.:25:03.

a drill on the end of the arm to dig below the surface just a couple of

:25:03.:25:07.

inches, but the results were amazing. The drilling revealed a

:25:07.:25:13.

kind of clay which could only be formed in water with the right

:25:13.:25:18.

chemical balance for life. In fact the water would have been

:25:18.:25:21.

drinkable, proof according to NASA of the first discovery of a

:25:21.:25:30.

potential habitat on a world beyond our own. Rock from an old stream in

:25:30.:25:36.

Britain, very similar to what has been found on Mars. This man from

:25:36.:25:44.

NASA's team says this is extremely significant. This would have been

:25:44.:25:47.

sweet water which on earth is perfect for life to thrive. On Mars

:25:47.:25:54.

we have rocks perfectly conducive for life in the ancient past.

:25:54.:26:00.

Curiosity is on the move again. Water once flowed here and we now

:26:00.:26:05.

know that life at least had a chance.

:26:05.:26:11.

Before we go, let's remind you of our top stories. The US and UK

:26:11.:26:14.

governments have withdrawn diplomatic staff from Yemen and

:26:14.:26:21.

urged their citizens to leave it security concerns. -- amid security

:26:21.:26:27.

concerns. This was after recorded conversations between two senior

:26:27.:26:34.

Al-Qaeda figures. The Iranians president says that he

:26:34.:26:38.

is determined to resolve the long-running dispute over the

:26:38.:26:45.

country's nuclear programme. From me and the rest of the team, it

:26:45.:26:55.
:26:55.:27:04.

weather has really calmed down. Most places are set fair for the rest of

:27:04.:27:14.
:27:14.:27:14.

the week. In the August sunshine it will feel warm with temperatures

:27:14.:27:19.

around average or above. Low pressure is close enough to throw us

:27:19.:27:24.

a few showers. We will have cloud in Northern Ireland and the northern

:27:24.:27:28.

half of Scotland. We will have rain turning more fragmented into the

:27:28.:27:35.

afternoon. Across northern England, very isolated showers, most places

:27:35.:27:41.

dry and bright. Showers across the coast of East Anglia and on the

:27:41.:27:48.

south coast. The showers on Tuesday across Devon and Cornwall will be

:27:48.:27:51.

well scattered, still plenty of sunshine lifting the temperatures to

:27:52.:27:58.

20 or 21. That is what we will see in southern Wales as well, one or

:27:59.:28:03.

two isolated showers. A cloudy start from Northern Ireland, one or two

:28:03.:28:07.

heavy showers possible and even across central and southern

:28:07.:28:15.

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