15/10/2013 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 15/10/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. A state of


emergency is declared on Sicily as the region struggles to cope with


the arrival of hundreds of migrants. Italian authorities release pictures


showing a mother ship carrying the migrants from Africa into the


Mediterranean. We'll speak to a special rapporteaur from the UN


about the problem. Turmoil on Capitol Hill - with two


days to go, will there be a deal to avoid a US debt default and reopen


government? Why are they doing this to the American people? Sabotaging a


good faith, bipartisan effort coming out of the Senate? Wasting the


public's time? In this case, time is money.


Iran returns to the negotiating table over in Geneva over its


nuclear programme - we'll speak to the EU's spokesman at the talks on


how well they're going. Hello and welcome.


Also coming up: Six books, six authors but only one winner - the


prestigious Man Booker prize will be announced in the coming hours. We'll


be live at the award ceremony. A state of emergency has been


declared by the government of Sicily due to the large number of migrants


arriving in southern Italy by boat. Sicily is, of course, responsible


for the island of Lampedusa, which is really struggling to cope with


the surge in arrivals from North Africa. Some 400 people have been


rescued in the past 24 hours alone. As Italy ramps up its surveillance


of the Mediterranean, it has discovered a huge human trafficker


mothership. From Lampedusa, the BBC's Kassim Kayira reports.


A migrant mothership is spotted by Italian border police alongside a


smaller vessel. Italian authorities say the larger ships are used by


smugglers to complete most of the journey across the sea, then


migrants are put onto overcrowded smaller vessels. Hundreds of


migrants, leave to be of Syrian and Egyptian nationalities, were part of


the deck of the mothership. The mothership is believed to have left


from Egypt. Over the past 24 hours alone, Italian authorities say they


have rescued more than 400 people. The journey is hard enough, and once


they arrive, the challenge is adapting to the new lives. Rituals


and customs keep the communities together. Most of the migrants have


been marking the key Festival in their religious calendar, Eid.


Migrants at the Lampedusa Ritter -- reception centre tried to look for


the... Look their best for the festival. They found their own way


to celebrate. TRANSLATION: We prayed but it was a


small ceremony, because there was no facilities, so the imam try to make


it short. The atmosphere was good, thankfully. Even when the boats


managed to dock or pulled to safety, like here on the Italian island of


Lampedusa, faith or religion continues to play a key role. Away


from home, unsure of their future, the migrant still marked one of the


biggest festivals in the Muslim calendars, praying to their faith to


keep their identities intact. Francois Crepeau is the United


Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants. He joins


me via webcam from Switzerland. Welcome. May I ask you first, what


do you make of these motherships? It shows the scale of the industry in


transporting illegal migrants, doesn't it? It does, and we should


not be surprised about that. It is happening, it is going to happen


again and will not stop as long as we keep our current policies. One of


the policies you want to see is more legal channels for migrants to come


through? One of the reasons there is this migration to Europe is that we


have unrecognised labour needs, we have underground labour markets were


migrants are employed, often in appalling conditions. As long as


there are jobs for them, people will take them. Unless we recognise these


markets and make them above ground, regulate them and then give access


to people, even migrants, the pull factor will be great and we will


continue to see migrants coming in regularly. You are saying there need


to be more legal channels for migration of the low skilled into


Europe? Yes, these underground labour markets exist in the


construction, agricultural, caregiving, hospitality industries


and in many others, cockle picking, for example, in the UK. We need


migrants in these industries. We don't recognise or acknowledge


this. We let employers create appalling underground labour markets


where these people will be employed in appalling conditions, with the


deaths on a regular basis. As long as we don't recognise this, make a


tape of ground, acknowledge we need migrants. -- make it above ground.


We need 150 million migrants in Europe by 2050, says one report We


don't have any politicians with the courage to say so. You know the


difficulty, especially in times of economic recession or austerity for


any politician to stand up and say, we need to allow more foreigners to


come in to take jobs. You say that you know the demand is there, but


how do you persuade political leaders to take the stand with you?


It is extremely difficult, because migrants don't vote, so they are


invisible politically. They also don't protest or mobilise, because


they fear being identified, arrested, detained, deported. They


are the object of the discussions, not the subject of them. The only


thing that has worked in the past few years was going to court, where


court have told - the European Court of Human Rights, the court of


justice, the Supreme Court in several countries - the governments


of countries that they don't have the right to do this. If you can't


do it for citizens, why can you do it for migrants? The courts can tell


the government things because they do not have electoral pressure on


them. We need to work more with national human rights institutions,


courts and tribunal 's, to set the legal principles which should apply


in order to protect the rights of these people. They have rights, just


like we do, the same fundamental rights that we do except for the


right to vote and be elected and the right to stay in the country. I m


afraid we have to leave it there, but thank you. A pleasure.


As the senior Democrat Nancy Pelosi put it in Washington today, time is


money - and the US government is running out of both. America could


default on its debts - that is start running out of money to pay its


bills - in just two days. The atmosphere on Capitol Hill is


frantic. The White House has just said that progress is being made,


but negotiations, statements and accusations are still flying. Let's


hear more from the two sides - first from Ms Pelosi, the Democrats'


leader in the House of Representatives.


Why are they doing this to the American people, sabotaging a good


faith bipartisan effort coming out of the Senate? Wasting the public


This morning when I got up it did look like there was going to be a


deal on the Senate side. They were getting close to the deal


to re-open the Government by January 15th, increase the debt ceiling and


make minor tweaks to the President's signature health and insurance law,


but House Republicans didn't like the sound of this deal. When they


met this morning, to consider their own proposal that would have done


those to consider their own proposal that would have done those two


things - re-open the Government and extend the debt creerlings but


include a change to the President's healthcare law, which Democrats were


never going to like. It seems that when Republicans met, their own


proposal didn't have the support of their own caucus full stop the house


Democratic leadership is due to meet with the president in an hour.


Tomorrow night the US will not be able to borrow any more money and


it. To run out of money to pay its huge, gigantic billions of dollars


of obligations. To try to find out what is happening, I have been


talking to a Democratic congressman from Oregon and I asked whether


there would be a deal? I believe we will at this point in time. If you'd


asked me to Mac Pro days ago, I would say we would not. But the fact


that there is a bipartisan framework coming out, as well as what others


have been doing and as well as what the house of Republicans is


considering, they are all in the same ballpark. It is about extending


the debt ceiling until after the first year and working on the big


problem, the budget. The long-term debt and deficit and getting the


economic recovery going is the one thing nobody is talking about, but


it is the real problem. But House Republicans seem to want major


change to the health insurer into law. Will you budge? That will not


happen. Then we might not get and agreement? I don't think they are


suicidal. I do not believe that in their heart of hearts as legislators


they will let the country default. You will have to leave some of the


Tea Party radicals and reckless people behind. So all eyes are on


House Republicans. Republicans control the House of


Representatives. So far they have not come up with their own proposal


but they have not commanded... We have a bipartisan deal in the


making. The White House used to be able to throw its weight behind it,


but it will be down to House Republicans and what they can or


can't report. The Dow Jones is down very slightly, meanwhile, investors


are concerned that the deal they thought was in the making is


apparently slipping away and many Americans have their pension funds


invested in the stock market, so as soon as they flip, people start to


lose money. If there is a default, the stock market will plunge. Thank


you, Laura Trevelyan on Capitol Hill.


More than 90 people have died after an earthquake struck the central


Philippines, causing widespread destruction. The epicentre of the


7.1 magnitude quake was beneath the island of Bohol. Jonathan Head


reports. The earthquake brought down


buildings in Cebu, more than 60 kilometres away from the percentage,


leaving rescue teams with the grim task of lifting slabs of concrete to


retrieve bodies. TRANSLATION: The earthquake stopped,


but there was another tremor, so we rushed out. One of us try to get


away but there was a big chunk of concrete which fell from the upper


floors. The tremors caused damage over a wide area, affecting several


islands in the central Philippines. Among the casualties were some of


its most historic churches. They had stood for hundreds of years, since


the beginning of Spanish colonial rule. It will take some time for the


authorities to assess the number of casualties will stop they have


declared what they call a state of calamity in several areas, allowing


the central government to help restore order and basic services.


With strong after-shocks still being felt, many buildings remain unsafe.


This could have been worse. It was a public holidays of schools and


government offices were largely empty, but it was bad enough. - so


schools and government offices were largely empty.


It's one of the most prestigious awards in literature and this year's


Man Booker Prize winner will be revealed in just a few hours. Let's


take a look at the short list of contenders. Jim Crace is the


favourite to win with what may be his last book, Harvest. New


Zealander Eleanor Catton is the youngest of this year's contenders


with The Luminaries. Irish author Colm Toibin's The Testament of Mary


is the shortest novel at just over 100 pages. Canadian-American writer


Ruth Ozeki's A Tale for the Time Being is her fourth book. Pulitzer


Prize winner Jhumpa Lahiri's novel is The Lowland. And Zimbabwean


author NoViolet Bulawayo's We Need New Names is the only debut novel on


the short list. Harvest Ruth Ozeki A Tale for the Time Being Jhumpa


Lahiri The Lowland NoViolet Bulawayo We Need New Names Our arts


correspondent Rebecca Jones is at London's Guildhall, where the winner


will be announced soon. Over to you. It will be at this magnificent


Guildhall in the City of London The 500 or so guests will be filing in


to embark on their lavish three-course dinner. Among the guest


as royal visitor this year, Her Royal Highness the Duchess of


Cornwall will be here to present the six short-listed authors with


specially bound copies of their books. It is a landmark moment for


the Man Booker this year, after 45 years the rules are change. From


next year anybody writing in English will be eligible to enter. That


means the Americans are coming. To share their thoughts and insights


I'm delighted to say I'm joined by by one of the world's leading


literary agents and by the publishing managing director of


Canon gate. You have a Booker in contention? Ruth Ozeki with her


wonderful novel A Tale for the Time Being. Are you optimistic? I'm


nervous. It's a great short-list this year, so there'll be a number


of worthy winners on that list. I wanted to ask you, what is the


impact of winning this prize on a writer's career? Well, it depends


where the writer is in his or her career. I was the agent for John


Banville when he won. It supercharges their career. Suddenly


whoosh! All the back list books sell. You go back and you print all


the earlier books. And the advances go up and all kind of good things


happen. It has a huge impact. What about a writer at the beginning of


their career. Career. You had Jan Matel, and this year for NoViolet


Bulawayo, it is her first novel Might it distort a writer's career


by winning so early? For any writer it has a significant impact on how


many more readers will discover the books that they've written. I don't


think it is necessarily going to distort what that writer then does


in the future, but fame can do all sorts of strange things to anyone.


The beerk is re, but fame can do all sorts of strange things to anyone.


The beerk is the equivalent -- the Booker is the equivalent of our


Oscars, and it thrusts a writer into the limelight in a way that they are


not normally in. It has a big impact on any writer. What impact does it


have on the publishing industry in general? The whole purpose of the


Booker, and I was around when it was conceived, he was thinking and we


were all thinking about the French prizes, the Concord, the Mmdici


they sell books. They really do sell books. Jan Martell sold millions of


copies. Night was meant to sell books, to stimulate reading and the


public buying books. A quick word about the Americans entering this


year. A good thing or is it going to be a shame? It is a very good thing.


It is like having a beauty contest but not admitting redheads. American


write in English last time I looked and they should be in this. Thank


you both very much indeed. We will be revealing the winner in a couple


of hours' time. Remember characters thank you.


Cautious TRANSMIT Remember characters thank you.


Cautious opt Mitch - that's how some are describing the mood after the


first day of talks on Iran's nuclear programme in Geneva. These are the


first formal negotiations since Hassan Rouhani became President


Tehran has promised new proposals. The US is holding out the prospect


that it could lift some of its tough economic sanctions.


From a polite distance the chief negotiators said their he believes.


Mohammed Zarif and Baroness Katherine Ashton met for two days of


talks. Mohammed struggled to get out of his chair. His plaint on Facebook


of serious back pain. Note the black laptop. He used it to give an


hour-long PowerPoint presentation outlining Iran's ideas. The world


powers say they are ready to listen. We've come here with a sense of


cautious optimism and a great sense of determination, because we believe


it is really time now for tangible results. We are very serious. We are


not here to waste our time. We are serious for a real target-oriented


negotiations between Iran and others. These talks follow last


month's phone call between President Obama and Iran es new President


Hassan Rouhani. Are it was the most important conversation between the


US and Iran in three decades. But don't get carried away, warn those


who've tried it before. It is right that we go into this with our eyes


open, mindful of the history of it. In a situation where the Iranians


are under no doubt that the sanctions and the threat remain on


the table. Iran's promise of a new start with the West is now being


tested the right here. But it will take more than two days of talks to


sort out all their disagreement One official here has delivered a punchy


warning. Don't expect any overnight breakthroughs.


Michael Mann is spokesman for Katherine Ashton, the EU foreign


policy representative. Thank you for being with us on World News Tonight.


I want to ask, why are you feeling positive tonight? You talked about


optimism. Well, we've been hearing lots of very positive noises coming


from the new President in Iran, and from the new Foreign Minister. We


really came to this meeting hope that they would follow through on


those positive remarks with concrete and constructive proposals. We had a


set of proposals on the table for a long time which they haven't yet


responded to, the Iranians. We hoped that the new regime would be able to


respond positively. We said at this morning's session that the proposals


were useful. This afternoon our experts sat down with the Iranians


and went for the first time in a detailed way through all the


technicalities of this. There are positive signs, but as James said in


his report, this is a long process and there is a long way to go. What


we were aiming for at the end of the day is that the Iranians can prove


unequivocally and verifiably to the international community that they


are not building a military nuclear programme and that it is a peaceful


programme. There's a lot of work still to do. Talks will continue


hear, hear tomorrow and there'll be other rounds of talks as well. What


practical moves could Iran make that would give you confidence? For


example, they could pull back on enriching uranium to 20%. Is that


the kind of shift you are looking for? We don't go into too much


detail about our proposals publicly but everybody knows that the core


issue here is that Iran is enriching uranium according to the


International Atomic Energy Agency to levels that are not required for


a peaceful programme. We talk about this 20% enrichment issue. The ball


is in their court to take a confidence-building measure that can


kick off a process of negotiations. We are willing to play our role


because it takes two sides to negotiate, but the ball is in their


court to make the first move, as Iran is in breach of its


international obligations. We had so many positive signals from Mr Hassan


Rouhani, are you confident that the regime is fully engaged behind him?


Well, the Foreign Minister is very much behind this. He is the chief


negotiator now. We've noticed a different tone in negotiations since


Mr Zarif took over. There is a lot of work still to be done. Done. We


hope they can follow through the positive noises from Iran with


concrete negotiations. There has been a start today but we are going


to continue to work hard. My boss Katherine Ashton has met with the


Minister this evening. There'll be further meetings tomorrow and I


imagine another set of talks before much longer. We'll keep watching.


Thank you. Thank you.


Another member of Greenpeace arrested in Russia for staging a


protest against Arctic oil drilling has had his bail application


rejected. Briton Frank Hewetson was the logistics co-ordinator on the


Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise. Crew of 30 face piracy charge as. They


carry a maximum prison sentence of 15 years.


Dawn outside a jail in Murmansk Russia's biggest Arctic port. A


Greenpeace volunteer is carrying in huge bags of supplies for the 3


activists who are held here, six of them are British. This morning


lifelong campaigner Frank Hewetson from London was in court asking to


be bailed from the prison. Is it warm enough? With the extra two


blankets I requested it is quite warm, otherwise it is very cold


Frank Hewetson's lawyer argued that his detention in international


waters was illegal and the charge of piracy was absurd. But the judge


dismissed it all. One by one the activists have been brought to court


to sit in knees cages while their lawyers ask for bail and they've


been denied and sent back to prison, where they've already spent three


weeks. She thin. We showed our pictures to he partner in London and


asked what she thought of his Russian jail time. Not an


occupational hazard but I think that this charge of piracy with a 15 year


sentence is completely unprecedented. It seems a massive


overreaction to peaceful protest and nobody could have anticipated that.


The activists were all detained last month by armed officers when they


tried to tie themselves on to a Russian Arctic oil rig 40 miles


offshore. We are the only non-Russian TV news team to have


been out to the rig, which is expected to start pumping oil later


this year. Just down here is the spot where two of the Greenpeace


activists tried to climb on to the platform before they were hosed


down, pulled off and taken away by armed men in balaclavas. The


Greenpeace ship has been toed to Murmansk and impound. Russia's


strong action shows how important the massive reserve of Arctic


offshore oil are to the country s future and how little tolerance


Vladimir Putin has for protest. Just time to remind you of our main


news. Italian authorities have released video showing a "mother


ship" carrying migrants from Africa transferring passengers to a smaller


boat. This comes as the region of Sicily their as state of emergency


because of the large numbers of migrants being rescued. Next it is


the weather but for now, from me Philippa Thomas and the rest of the


team, goodbye. Good evening to you. I'm showing you


a foggy sphere for the overnight period. With good reason. The


eastern parts, particularly of England, could see extensive and


dense fog for a time during the new day's morning. Towards the west a


different story. Eventually the cloud will thicken and this area of


cloud and rain associated with weather fronts in the Atlantic will




Download Subtitles