16/10/2013 World News Today


16/10/2013

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This is BBC World News today, with me Philippa Thomas.

:00:07.:00:12.

WHITE The US Congress edges closer to a deal that could stave off a

:00:13.:00:16.

massive debt default and end the partial government shutdown.

:00:17.:00:18.

WHITE The Senate has agreed, but will the more sharply-divided House

:00:19.:00:26.

of Representatives follow suit? And a history Will Iran soon allow

:00:27.:00:29.

greater inspections of its nuclear facilities? Was Top-level

:00:30.:00:37.

negotiations in Geneva end with renewed optimism. The moment a

:00:38.:00:44.

massive earthquake rocked the Philippines. We now know more than

:00:45.:00:52.

140 people have been killed. And we speak to the youngest-ever winner of

:00:53.:00:56.

the Man Booker prize. New Zealand author Eleanor Catton wins the

:00:57.:00:59.

prestigious literary award for her novel, The Luminaries. Hello and

:01:00.:01:07.

welcome. It is all still all in the balance in Washington and, by all, I

:01:08.:01:11.

mean the vote in the House of Representatives, the United States'

:01:12.:01:14.

good standing, or otherwise, as a debtor and the reaction of markets

:01:15.:01:20.

around the world. Politicians on Capitol Hill have reached a deal to

:01:21.:01:23.

avert a massive debt default, Thus far, a deal has been agreed only in

:01:24.:01:27.

the Senate, but it is a start. Let us hear what has been said by

:01:28.:01:31.

Democrat and Republican leaders in the Upper House. It is another easy

:01:32.:01:42.

for two sides to reach a consensus. It has been really hard. But after

:01:43.:01:49.

weeks facing off across the divide, our country came back from the brink

:01:50.:01:57.

of disaster. In the end, adverse arrays settle the differences to a

:01:58.:02:05.

fear that disaster. We began a series of conversations about the

:02:06.:02:11.

way we had to get real to prevent default. I am confident we will be

:02:12.:02:17.

able to do these things. Crucially, I am also confident that we will be

:02:18.:02:23.

able to protect our spending reduction, as a result of the budget

:02:24.:02:32.

control pact. But getting a deal in the Senate was always the easier

:02:33.:02:35.

half of this equation. It is the House of Representatives where

:02:36.:02:37.

President Obama's most fiery Conservative opponents have been

:02:38.:02:40.

making their stand. Katty Kay always knows what is happening behind the

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scenes. What is the latest? The question is going to be whether the

:02:53.:02:58.

Speaker of the House can look on these tea party Republicans today

:02:59.:03:02.

and say, I did everything I could. We tried to give you the deal you

:03:03.:03:07.

wanted, but it did not happen. If you've fought against this, we will

:03:08.:03:17.

face default and he will paint a picture of Armageddon. He will have

:03:18.:03:20.

to hope he can carry enough of them along, along with the Democrats to

:03:21.:03:27.

push this through. There have been some was it of science. The Texas

:03:28.:03:31.

senator in the vanguard against this finally came around today and said,

:03:32.:03:37.

clearly enough, I will not block the deal which has been done in the

:03:38.:03:47.

Senate. Senate Republicans united, as they had united with the

:03:48.:03:53.

Republicans from the House of Representatives, it would have been

:03:54.:03:56.

a very different outcome. However, that did not happen. I hope the

:03:57.:04:03.

Senate begins to listen to the American people. A lot of people in

:04:04.:04:09.

Washington loved to focus on the politics. It is the game of this

:04:10.:04:14.

town. But what matters more than any politician, is all the people in

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this country who are hurting at the moment. Do you think we may get to

:04:20.:04:28.

the point today via the House of Representatives works out its own

:04:29.:04:32.

deal, or is this simply too optimistic? I think there is

:04:33.:04:36.

optimism. I think the House and the Senate will go ahead and agreed to

:04:37.:04:40.

this and it will then go to the President 's desk and pass into law.

:04:41.:04:46.

We have seen the financial markets up 100 points today because they are

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up to mistake about it deal being done today. I hate to rain on the

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parade, but I do worry if it is rather too much short-term

:04:59.:05:01.

optimism. The fundamentals of the finances of the Government have been

:05:02.:05:06.

exposed over the past 16 days. Agreement cannot be reached on the

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important matters are now we have done here today is pushed the

:05:10.:05:16.

problem down the road. This will come back again in the middle of

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January and on the seventh of them but temporary, we have the debt

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ceiling which has been raised will run out again. It has not solve the

:05:26.:05:30.

underlying problems. There is a sigh of relief today, S New Year freer we

:05:31.:05:36.

are to see whether this is a valid prediction of where we are. This

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problem goes down to the fact that the grassroots, many members of the

:05:41.:05:50.

Congress, are tied because they are looking for re-election in the next

:05:51.:05:56.

two years. Yes, they are not worried about the fact that it maybe looks

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as if the Republican party have suffered over this. They are worried

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about the opinion polls in the individual districts. They are

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worried about getting the elected Conservative parts of the country.

:06:13.:06:24.

In the Philippines, the death toll over the earthquake has risen to

:06:25.:06:34.

144. These pictures show the moment part of the oldest church in the

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Philippines collapsed. The bell tower of the centuries-old Basilica

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Minore the Santo Nino was reduced to rubble within minutes. With more,

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here is the BBC's South East Asia correspondent. The so many buildings

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to damage to sleep in, this is where many occupants spent the night after

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the earthquake, many of them thankful just to be alive. There is

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no sudden helper hand. At the epicentre, the damage was much

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worse. This was the home of Daniel. We have been calling out for him,

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said his daughter. This is so hard for us. Retrieving the bodies is

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taking many hours of toil. This is what a fusidic instead to the

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historic churches in the region Great blocks of stone, built three

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centuries ago, simply crumbled. The city Hall feared little better. The

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tones have been reached and one of these was very heavily hacked. We

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are extending our support to that town. They have already started the

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clean-up, but to rebuild homes and lives will take much longer. Now to

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Russia, where there has been another extraordinary twist in a court case

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against the country's main opposition activist, Alexei Navalny.

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In July, Mr Nalvany was jailed for an embezzlement conviction, but

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later released, pending an appeal. A court has now upheld the conviction,

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but suspended his jail sentence He has always denied the charges,

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accusing the authorities of prosecuting him for political

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reasons. While on bail, he stood for mayor of Moscow, coming second and

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nearly managing to force the Kremlin's candidate into a run-off.

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Let us go via webcam to Moscow. Natalia Pelevina is a spokesperson

:08:55.:08:59.

for Alexei Navalny. So he has walked free? He is, luckily. But even he

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does not have to go to jail tonight, the suspended sentence means he will

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not be able to run for office and, that of course, is very

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disappointing for both him and all of us who support and work with

:09:24.:09:29.

them. That means he cannot stand in the next presidential elections

:09:30.:09:34.

Exactly, that is what the authorities are trying to achieve.

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Unfortunately that is what they got. That is not to say he will not

:09:41.:09:52.

take part in political life. He will contribute as much as deeply

:09:53.:09:56.

recently dead. Unfortunately, he will not be able to run for city

:09:57.:09:59.

elections, but he will still play a huge part in these elections. How is

:10:00.:10:09.

he going to lead then if he is not the figurehead standing for

:10:10.:10:13.

election? What policies or alias does he want to draw public

:10:14.:10:17.

attention to? How much will we see him out there? He will be

:10:18.:10:23.

campaigning a lot for all of the candidates. He is a Leader of the

:10:24.:10:28.

Opposition movement and will remain a leader. He will set the tone. He

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will continue to support the candidates who will be running for

:10:37.:10:41.

office as year from now. He will be out there and as open and outspoken

:10:42.:10:49.

as he has always been. He does not want to compromise that. His name

:10:50.:10:54.

not be on the ballot paper, but he will still be Weathers. He has a

:10:55.:11:00.

suspended sentence, so that is always the danger that he could be

:11:01.:11:06.

tried once more under other charges. He will be a way he is not entirely

:11:07.:11:16.

free? Yes, they are is the possibility of that. He was charged

:11:17.:11:20.

twice already. This could very well be the case, unfortunately. In this

:11:21.:11:28.

regime, the Assembly is no telling what will happen. We are very lucky

:11:29.:11:34.

that he is not in jail now. But we do not know what to expect. We will

:11:35.:11:40.

work as hard as we have been doing and stay at the front. Thank you

:11:41.:11:49.

very much for joining us. Now, the latest on the fight against

:11:50.:11:52.

preventable deaths among children being waged by doctors around the

:11:53.:11:55.

world. The World Health Organisation says there has been huge progress in

:11:56.:11:58.

the past decade. Measles deaths have been cut by 70%, polio is close to

:11:59.:12:01.

eradication and global child mortality has fallen by nearly half

:12:02.:12:05.

since 1990, despite the population growing. But as our medical

:12:06.:12:11.

correspondent Fergus Walsh reports, millions of children are still

:12:12.:12:24.

missing out on basic vaccines. Giving every child the chance of

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life. Children have now got a healthier chants of staying healthy

:12:32.:12:44.

than at any time and the Passat 50 years ago, things were very

:12:45.:12:48.

different, even in Britain. Even better than children faced many

:12:49.:12:54.

diseases which have now disappeared. Smallpox only disappeared in 19 0.

:12:55.:12:59.

It showed that vaccines have transformed health care. They

:13:00.:13:14.

prevent many diseases. There was a list of the basic vaccines that

:13:15.:13:21.

every child should get. Just one in 20 of the world 's children is fully

:13:22.:13:26.

immunised, getting all the required dozers and most of those are in

:13:27.:13:34.

healthier countries. Letters have a look at these. Fewer than ten in 20

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get these vaccines. For those which prevent diphtheria, tetanus and

:13:45.:13:48.

whooping cough, 16 in 20 are provided for. But that means 20

:13:49.:13:53.

million children do now get fully in median eyes. That has a huge human

:13:54.:14:02.

cost. There are one and a half million deaths from preventable

:14:03.:14:13.

diseases. The first vaccines for them were introduced less than a

:14:14.:14:19.

decade ago. Dozens of developing countries are beginning to use them,

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but there's a long way to go. Health services in developing countries are

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overstretched that there are not enough medical staff to carry out

:14:31.:14:35.

immunisation. Vaccines must be kept cold or the parish and it can be

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difficult to get them to remote communities. Closing the

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immunisation gap between pure and healthier nations remains a key

:14:48.:14:50.

target for the World Health Organisation. Letters bring you more

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on the top story about the possibility of a deal

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Weekender to capitol Hill now. Do you think they could be a deal with

:15:06.:15:16.

the house tonight? Insurer appears that a Bill is coming over from the

:15:17.:15:21.

Senate. I would like to read that and see what is in it. Let us

:15:22.:15:27.

remember it is a temporary fix. It is for a few months. We need to get

:15:28.:15:31.

into the real issue on the table. That issue is a 17 trillion dollar

:15:32.:15:37.

debt in the country. There are 6 trillion dollars of unfounded

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mandates that they cannot account for how we will pay. If you are

:15:41.:15:46.

taking into 0.5 trillion dollars and spending three trillion dollars,

:15:47.:15:50.

you have a problem, that is why we have a debt ceiling increase that

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needs to be addressed. Hopefully in these three months we will have

:15:58.:16:01.

time to took get with the Democrats and I am something out to bring our

:16:02.:16:07.

country back into real fiscal accountability for the future. From

:16:08.:16:14.

your point of view, at the house, or Republicans in the house, might

:16:15.:16:16.

be prepared to do the deal now and say that the US financial system --

:16:17.:16:23.

saved then US financial system from a disastrous default. The Speaker

:16:24.:16:30.

has made it very clear in this process that if we raised the deck

:16:31.:16:36.

feeling we could create instability in the markets here and globally so

:16:37.:16:41.

we are committing to that. The real issue is that President Barack

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Obama must give leadership where he has not in the past. He has not

:16:45.:16:49.

addressed our debt or the spending trajectory that we are on. Yet, his

:16:50.:17:05.

own former budget writer and their budget right to have all stated

:17:06.:17:10.

that we could collapse just like Greece. This have to be central and

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get on the radar screen in America and we need to address the problem.

:17:16.:17:21.

I just want to clarify. You said you wanted to avoid default in the

:17:22.:17:24.

short term, are you speaking for the poll caulkers, do you think all

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Republicans will come together on that? I cannot speak to everyone

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but I think it is important for us to have some time and hopefully I

:17:35.:17:39.

in these issues out. We have had months to do it. We have had a

:17:40.:17:43.

budget plan that would balance our budget in 10 years. It is horrible

:17:44.:17:47.

and reckless that we have not had that type of Budget commitment

:17:48.:17:52.

today. The President, frankly I gave a speech in the last week, a

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speech that he gave in March 20 6, where he lambasted President Bush

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for failed leadership and having a five trillion dollars of debt and

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is said it was irresponsible. Let us do what we have to do today. Let

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us come together with reasonable minds and plan the future of

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America so that we can have a growing economy that creates jobs

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and will have a positive impact on the entire world. You are a very

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busy man and we thank you for your time.

:18:29.:18:32.

Now in Geneva two days of negotiation over run's Mutual -

:18:33.:18:38.

nuclear plant have ended positively. The talks are said to have been the

:18:39.:18:41.

most detailed they have had yet and more talks are planned. We heard

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from a Catholic who was representing the EU but she did not

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give much away. -- Cathy Ashton She declined very politely to get

:19:00.:19:04.

into the detail of water run discussed. Another official told me

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and told a number of journalists that we shouldn't take it as a bad

:19:09.:19:12.

sign. It is a positive sign because real negotiations are not leak in

:19:13.:19:17.

public, they are done in public -- private. When calves are kept close

:19:18.:19:21.

to the chest it is easier to reach an agreement. We can provide a lot

:19:22.:19:25.

of information about how long John Dennis Vieira de Freitas and Mark

:19:26.:19:28.

Phillip Gomes Pires for and the atmospherics of the meeting but we

:19:29.:19:36.

cannot describe to you what went on but we know the two sides are at

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the start of a process and we don't know when it might end. You said

:19:41.:19:45.

that at the beginning of the talks the bigger stumbling block was

:19:46.:19:48.

trust. Has the third will be lowered?

:19:49.:19:55.

Clearly a need to chip away, not just a decade of mistrust about the

:19:56.:20:04.

nuclear programme but a decade of mistrust as a whole. In the last

:20:05.:20:08.

few days Iran and the United States have made some progress with their

:20:09.:20:12.

particular relationship. The two sides met one on one last night

:20:13.:20:18.

with no intermediaries. It was described as useful. Here is the

:20:19.:20:22.

key point, meetings with a run and the United States are becoming a

:20:23.:20:26.

habit. They are meeting regularly and directly and that could be the

:20:27.:20:29.

quarter resolving the issue in the long run, those two countries and

:20:30.:20:35.

their relationship. Now a look at some of the day's

:20:36.:20:38.

other news. A passenger plane has crashed into

:20:39.:20:42.

the Mekong river in southern Laos. Officials say that all 49 people of

:20:43.:20:45.

eight different nationalities on board were killed. The Lao Airlines

:20:46.:20:53.

plane was on an internal flight from the capital, Vientiane, to the

:20:54.:20:56.

south of the country when it crashed in bad weather.

:20:57.:20:59.

In Japan, at least 17 people have been killed and 40 are missing

:21:00.:21:01.

after flooding and landslides triggered by one of the most

:21:02.:21:04.

powerful storms in years. Typhoon Wee-pa narrowly missed the crippled

:21:05.:21:06.

Fukushima nuclear plant. Its operator, Tepco, pumped rainwater

:21:07.:21:09.

out of the facility to prevent further flooding. The Greek

:21:10.:21:17.

Parliament has voted to lift the immunity from prosecution of six

:21:18.:21:20.

politicians from the extreme right- wing party, Golden Dawn. It's part

:21:21.:21:23.

of a crackdown on the group which is accused of operating as a

:21:24.:21:26.

criminal gang. Three other top party members, including its leader,

:21:27.:21:28.

are awaiting trial. This time yesterday, we were

:21:29.:21:30.

waiting to discover who'd won this year's Man Booker Prize, one of the

:21:31.:21:33.

world's most prestigious literary awards. Well, Eleanor Catton was

:21:34.:21:40.

the youngest writer ever to scoop the prize, and The Luminaries is

:21:41.:21:43.

the longest ever winner in the 5 year history of the Booker. It is

:21:44.:21:52.

weighty in all senses. You can see the 28-year-old from New Zealand

:21:53.:21:55.

getting the news and the award here. The Luminaries is her second book,

:21:56.:21:58.

and on the face of it, it's an atmospheric Victorian murder

:21:59.:22:01.

mystery set during the New Zealand gold rush of the 1860s.

:22:02.:22:11.

Eleanor is with us now. I know you have had a busy date. It is great

:22:12.:22:15.

to have you with both now. The book is huge. I have had questions from

:22:16.:22:21.

our view was about the process. How long did it take to write this

:22:22.:22:26.

book? About five years but only three of those years were sitting

:22:27.:22:33.

down at a desk and writing. It takes me a long time to get going

:22:34.:22:36.

when I start a project and the first few years were reading and

:22:37.:22:40.

dreaming about what I wanted to do and following avenues of thought

:22:41.:22:43.

from book to book and seeing what came up. You have got the up front

:22:44.:22:55.

story about the murder and the mystery and the atmospherics of the

:22:56.:22:59.

gold rush time but behind that you have an astrological structure. You

:23:00.:23:04.

have to read more deeply. Yes, I was another of the idea when I

:23:05.:23:08.

started writing the book of a fictional experience with two

:23:09.:23:11.

hemispheres in the same way that the brain has to hemisphere's or

:23:12.:23:17.

the globe. I wanted to write on the face of it a straight forward

:23:18.:23:24.

plopped but behind that it almost a harmonic architecture or that the

:23:25.:23:29.

music of the Spears was understood as being beautiful music that was

:23:30.:23:37.

playing at all times, just beyond what we could hear. I know one of

:23:38.:23:45.

the judges putted very beautifully and said it was like 15 gold in the

:23:46.:23:49.

gold plan and you have to look very deeply into the novel, even though

:23:50.:23:54.

it is 800 pages you have to read it a few times. I think the best

:23:55.:23:59.

compliment anyone can receive is that a reader would want to read a

:24:00.:24:03.

book more than once. Have already moved on to your next model? No I

:24:04.:24:09.

only finish this one in January so the turnaround time was quite swift,

:24:10.:24:13.

especially for a novel of this side. I have only been reading and

:24:14.:24:17.

enjoying putting my feet up and not thinking about anything. When you

:24:18.:24:22.

started the process of writing this you said you had dreams and

:24:23.:24:25.

thoughts and strands going through your mind. By United to move on to

:24:26.:24:30.

something very different of some in the same vein? I hope so. My

:24:31.:24:34.

favourite writers are all people whose books look very different to

:24:35.:24:39.

all of the ones that came before. I hope I will never repeat myself

:24:40.:24:43.

over the course of my career and I am just waiting for an idea to take

:24:44.:24:49.

root. Someone said today that reacting to your success, she is in

:24:50.:24:52.

the vanguard of the evolution of the novel. But is a weight on your

:24:53.:24:57.

shoulders. Yes, the world novel means new, doesn't it? It only

:24:58.:25:02.

really makes sense if we keep trying to reinvent it as a form and

:25:03.:25:08.

magic to the changing world. Our world is changing so swiftly and

:25:09.:25:12.

the novel is such a supple and generous form that it can really

:25:13.:25:16.

look like anything at all. I kind of like the idea that we are all at

:25:17.:25:22.

the vanguard. I have to ask you as you well from New Zealand, the

:25:23.:25:26.

second winner from New Zealand of the Booker, what do you make of it

:25:27.:25:32.

going global? I think it is a really good idea. I can understand

:25:33.:25:39.

a contrary point of view but for any nation to put their literature

:25:40.:25:42.

up against the literature of another nation is a very

:25:43.:25:45.

interesting thing because certain things come to light and you notice

:25:46.:25:49.

certain similarities and differences. Ultimately it will

:25:50.:25:52.

mean that American literature and British literature, chiefly, but

:25:53.:25:56.

also Commonwealth literature at large, just speak to each other in

:25:57.:26:00.

more of a conversation which will be a good thing. Thank you very

:26:01.:26:03.

much for coming up. I will not let you leave the studio

:26:04.:26:06.

without signing my copy so stay here while I reminded viewers of

:26:07.:26:10.

our main news. US Democrat and Republican senators

:26:11.:26:13.

seem to have reached a deal to avert a default and avert a partial

:26:14.:26:18.

government shutdown. The plan must be approved by the House of

:26:19.:26:21.

Representatives which is controlled by the Republicans.

:26:22.:26:26.

Iran have and the world powers have ended their most detailed

:26:27.:26:28.

negotiations about the nuclear programme amid optimism that a deal

:26:29.:26:33.

can be reached. More talks are planned for early next week --

:26:34.:26:37.

month. That's all from us today. Now for

:26:38.:26:40.

the weather. Goodbye. Good evening. The day has turned

:26:41.:27:00.

out to be a complete contrast. Some parts of the British Isles and rain

:27:01.:27:04.

to start the day and then it was pleasantly warm in the sunshine

:27:05.:27:09.

That is how it will be for many more people up on Thursday. There

:27:10.:27:13.

is a mild feed of their coming from a long way south in the Atlantic,

:27:14.:27:17.

pumping the mild air up and across parts of England and Wales. If you

:27:18.:27:21.

are not plugged into their air supply and that goes for the

:27:22.:27:24.

northern part of Scotland, it will have a distinctly cool the field to

:27:25.:27:28.

the day. Plenty of sunshine around across a good part of England and

:27:29.:27:33.

Wales, not without the possibility first game of head teacher was

:27:34.:27:35.

running through the southern counties of England and Wales. The

:27:36.:27:41.

residue still to be had in

:27:42.:27:42.

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