17/10/2013 World News Today


17/10/2013

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This is BBC World News today, with me Zeinab Badawi.

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After the budget deal in the US to prevent a massive debt default, we

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ask what has been the cost to Washington's standing on the world

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stage? Hundreds of thousands return to work

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after a temporary agreement in Congress ends the partial government

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shutdown. We look at the losers after President Obama says there

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were no winners. These last few weeks have inflicted completely

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unnecessary damage on our economy. Pupil power in France. Hundreds of

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school students take to the streets, amid growing anger at the

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deportation of a Roma teenager, snatched by the authorities in front

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of her classmates. Three months after Egypt's army

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ousted President Morsi, we speak to the deputy head of the committee

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charged with helping rewrite the country's constitution.

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And dream jobs or the only jobs for these girls in the future? We

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examine why females in China are prevented from some university

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courses and careers. Hello and welcome. The US budget

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battle may be over for now and, although President Obama did not

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have to conceder very much to his Republican opponents, he said today

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that there were no winners from the tussle between Democrats and

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Republicans. Hundreds of thousands of government employees have headed

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back to work today after the cross-party deal last night ended

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the partial government shutdown and raised the US debt ceiling. Mr Obama

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speaking at the White House earlier today, warned that the US economic

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recovery had been undermined and that the American people are fed up

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with the politicians in Washington. Understand that how business is done

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in this town has to change. Because, we have all got a lot of work to do

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on behalf of the American people, including the hard work of retaining

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the trust. Our system of self government does not function without

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it. Without it, the gunmen cannot operate. All others need to stop

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focusing on the lobbyists and the bloggers and talking heads on radio,

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the professional activist who profit from conflict, but listen to the

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majority of the American people In Washington now is the economist

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and blogger Edward Harrison, the founder of the economic news

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website, Credit Writedowns. So, the President says there was not any

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winners ballot a lot of losers. Economic, I'm talking about

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companies having a lot of trouble in the States economy. Yes, LX like we

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will see a loss of about 0.5 or 0.6% gross domestic product in this

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quarter because of the partial shutdown. We are looking at a huge

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amount of lost income to the private sector. In this scheme of things,

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that is manageable, because we are looking at plus .2% growth in the

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United States. So it could come down to .2%. But if this had gone on any

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longer, the damage would have been a lot greater. There is still a risk,

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because investors may not see the US dollar is the safe haven it once

:03:56.:04:00.

was? I do not think the dead enemy, but in terms of absolute note

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political risk, there are no other pretenders to the throne as aware,

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of save assets or collateral. You can look at places like China or in

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Europe as being equivalent size in terms of the economy, but all of

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those areas have the own difficulties and their own problems.

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The United States dollar remains a strong currency. The will probably

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not be ramifications in that respect. How much damage has this

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done? It was that potential default on United States security which

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would of had worldwide implications. I think it has done a

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lot of damage to the United States in terms of its been able to promote

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its agenda abroad. In British terms, it would be the equivalent of the

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Labour Party forcing through legislation which would force the

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Government to partly shutdown. People round the world do not

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understand that the United States has gone through this. It is

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self-inflicted and as a result, we are looking at the likes of the NASA

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spying scandal and the situation in Syria, there were a lot of places

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via the United States where the actor on the world stage and the

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combination of this will diminish the United States as a power and

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people will probably look for a more multi-polar world view in future.

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Thousands of high school students have taken to the streets in Paris

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protesting against the deportation of a 15-year-old Roma girl. Leonarda

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Dibrani was detained by police in front of her classmates and sent

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back to her native Kosovo, along with her parents and five siblings.

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Her case has triggered an angry backlash among her supporters. The

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French Interior Minister Manuel Valls has drawn the fiercest

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criticism. At home, but not that Leonarda Dibrani would consider this

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her home. The family entered France illegally in 2009 and since then had

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been living in Paris, with French becoming her first language. This

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summer, the final asylum appeal was denied. Last week, on a school

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outing, she was dragged off by the authorities and sent back on a plane

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to Kosovo. It was terrible. My friends thought I had committed the

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big claim. I started crying. In Kosovo, there is no school for her.

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The story has starred bitter recriminations in France. Today

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thousands of students blockaded the schools as they took to the streets.

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I was born in Russia and I am living in France and that is a situation

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which worries me a lot. It could be one of us. The interior Minister is

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seen as one of the more popular figures in the socialist government,

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but many and party will approve of the action. Many people in the party

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are angered because it prides itself on human rights. He is currently on

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a visit to a French island, but said the majority of those illegal

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immigrants should go back to the likes of Romania and Kosovo. He

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said, when there is no longer any reason for a person to be on our

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soil, the law applies. There have been calls for the President to

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intervene. There has been worries that this has been a high-handed

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action by police and officials. The family will be able to return within

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48 hours if there's any problems with the expulsion order.

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It is three months since Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi was removed

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from power and a caretaker President put in charge until new elections

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can be held next year. The upheaval has left the Islamists, who were

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swept away from power by the head of the army, General Abdul Fatah Al

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Sissi, feeling very disgruntled There are regular protests held by

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supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood around Egypt, who are still calling

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for the reinstatement of the President. Meanwhile, the new

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authorities have begun a new process they claim will restore Egypt back

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to the path of a more inclusive democracy.

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With me here in the studio are two influential voices inside Egypt

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today. Lawyer Mona Zulficar is vice-president of the 50-member body

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known as the G50, which is drawing up a new constitution for Egypt and

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we also have Mohammed Shaker, the chairman of the Egyptian Council for

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Foreign Affairs. He is a former diplomat, who previously served as

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Egypt's ambassador in London. Thank you both for joining me this

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evening. Mohammed Shaker, how can Egpyt say

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it is committed to a democratic path when a democratically-elected

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President and his party have been writtren out of the picture? Now,

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everyone wants to be involved in the making of this Constitution. The

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making of this, where she is vice chairman, every Egyptian wants to be

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on this committee to draft the constitution, but certainly, it will

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be debated by the public later on. It will be put to the people, who

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will have the chance to comment on it. It is the will of the Egyptian

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people. Mona Zulficar, you are part of the

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body drawing up a new constitution for Egypt, to be voted for in

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December, but a referendum was held at the end of last year and 64%

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approved that constitution. But they attack the judiciary, the

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attack the media. President Morsi Made decisions with no other

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thought, the was no democracy about it. ?

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Mona, only one member of your 5 is an Islamist and the Islamic

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Brotherhood is not represented. How can the organisation have

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legitimacy? There are people who support them who are willing

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different hats. They well invited but declined. We have five or six or

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seven, more than 10% of the people, who are sympathetic. I think it is

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representative. The one is completely controlling it. It has

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all walks of life in it. You will surely have to find an accommodation

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with the Muslim Brotherhood. They were the clear winners in these

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democratic elections. Definitely, they will have a role to play in the

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future. I do not believe that we have democracy in Egypt presented

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otherwise. But it is too soon for people to digest what is going on

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and I think, at one point, they will have to be accommodated. Otherwise,

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what is the worry of fear being a insurgency. Clearly, it is not

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something Egypt can afford. No, they have been suspended, they put any

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ban for the former regime. They stopped them exercising their

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political rights. We are not doing that. We are writing a constitution

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which will respect the rule of law and equal rights for all people in

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Egypt. If the Muslim Brotherhood stood in an election in any guise,

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the would-be elected fairly and squarely as the winner? Yes, but I

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do not think the would do that. I think they lost the majority of the

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people because of the failure to stick with the constitution. Now,

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64% did vote for them, admittedly in a low turnout and they have been

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thrown out. This Constitution did not respect the equal rights of all

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citizens. It was a major cornerstone of the polarisation and division of

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the Egyptian people. It provided the source of perpetual conflict and

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because it was not based on the modern rules of respecting basic

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human rights and freedoms for all. This Constitution itself was

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surrounded by sympathisers President Morsi of. You have seen the military

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back controlling the streets in Egypt. You threw out the former

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regime because it was essentially an army supported government. Now, we

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no longer have the Government President Morsi of. Surely, the army

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are right back in the picture now? Yes, because people wanted that

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Egypt is comfortable with going back to military rule? They may accept it

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for the meantime. It saved Egypt from catastrophe. I think people

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behaved the instructions of the people who went down and signed 22

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million petitions authenticated signatures saying we want Emily

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elections, we do not accept this to continue. Number two, we went down

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under streets and we asked the army to intervene in the bed. It is not

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now them and the driver seat. We have an entered common and we will

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write a constitution and the role have elections and have a new

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government. Thank you both for joining me.

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Britain has agreed to let Chinese companies buy up some of its nuclear

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power plants. They will be able to finance, build and operate the

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facilities and even own a majority stake. George Osborne says it means

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that the UK Government will not need to finance expensive projects

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directly. It's the biggest nuclear power plant of its kind in the

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world. Under construction at Taishan in southern China. Now, an almost

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identical one is likely to be built in the UK. George Osborne's host

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today was stressing the reactor s safety features. Against air crash.

:16:41.:16:47.

The so there are... S safety procedures. Like Britain, China

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needs to build more power stations. The safety is built into everything,

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an earthquake or tsunami. You are prepared for that. Unlike Britain,

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China is already racing ahead almost 30 nuclear plants in the pipeline.

:17:05.:17:08.

Today the Chancellor said he would welcome Chinese involvement in

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Britain's nuclear reactors. What is in this for George Osborne is money,

:17:14.:17:17.

cash Britain urgently needs to fund the building of a new generation of

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power stations. There are concerns that what bringing Chinese state

:17:23.:17:25.

companies may mean for future safety and security in Britain's critical

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national infrastructure. The new reactors at Taishan are European

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designs, a French firm working with a Chinese partner. The same team

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should get the first UK contract. We will make sure the British rules on

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safety are applied. Chinese investment in British nuclear power

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means British taxpayers' money can be used, instead of building these

:17:53.:17:55.

things, for building schools and hospitals. In the long-term, British

:17:56.:18:01.

families get lower and more stable energy bills. This is where the new

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reactors will be built, replacing old ones at Hinkley Point in

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Somerset. The bills may not be lower. The Government will guarantee

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the operators a set price for their power, perhaps double today's cost

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of electricity. It's extremely unlikely this is is a good deal for

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consumers. The Government is guaranteeing EDF the operator a

:18:24.:18:27.

price over the next three or four decades of ?100 a megawatt hour If

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the price of Lek thrills itty is below that the consumer will make up

:18:34.:18:36.

the difference. Currently it's significantly below that. No other

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western nation has turned to China to satisfy its need for energy.

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Communist-led, but with deep pockets, China could in future be

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running UK nuclear plants. Some will find that deeply uncomfortable.

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Others, like the Chancellor, see opportunity. The day's other news in

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brief. In Australia, strong winds and unseasonably warm weather are

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fanning dozens of wildfires across the state of New South Wales. So far

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at least 30 homes have been destroyed on the outskirts of

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Sydney. Scientists from the world health organisation have for the

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first time identified air pollution as a leading environmental cause of

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cancer. Their research suggests it was responsible for more than

:19:24.:19:27.

200,000 deaths from lung cancer around the world in 2010. That means

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air pollution is more likely than passive smoking to give you cancer.

:19:32.:19:36.

It is being blamed for an increased risk of bladder cancer. Earlier this

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week, we brought you the story on the street artist Banksy who

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secretly sold his original art, worth thousands of pounds, for just

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$60 at a stall in New York. Now a Lebanese charity, the Association to

:19:54.:19:56.

Save Tyre, is offering people the chance to pick up an original

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Picasso for 100 euros. You heard directly. The drawing is worth 1

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million and it's called Man with Opera Hat. The charity is hoping

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that plenty of people will want to buy a raffle ticket in the hope that

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they will strike lucky. Let us talk more about this, here in the studio

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with me is Maha Chalabi from the International Association to Save

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Tyre and she is one of the organisers of this Picasso raffle.

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Have you had a big response to this raffle so far? Yes, we have. We are

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have very happy about it, especially here in London. The we are selling

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very, very well. We hope that it will continue. You know Tyre is

:20:40.:20:47.

giving so much to humanity and the historical period. Tyre is expecting

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that people come to help her now. You are trying to raise money for

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Tyre which is of course is in southern Lebanon it's an ancient

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metropolis. You are trying to raise money to do what with the money We

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have projects for employment for women and disables. In Tyre this

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will be a village for handy craft. Tyre was known by its handy craft.

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We want to revive all the old handy craft. We have another project also

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with a consortium of universities in Beirut itself. These two projects

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are done for employment, helping especiallilet new generation and

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women. These are the projects you wish to finance. As you have been

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speaking we have been looking at beautiful pictures of Tyre. You

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bought the Picasso work in New York from a gallery? Yes. It has been

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totally confirmed by Picasso's family as being an original. Yes.

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Are you nervous you won't get your money back, maybe? No, we have

:22:05.:22:12.

already the price of the Picasso, we have it already back. We want to

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make the money to make the project. This is the most important thing.

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Whose idea was this to raise money for your charity in this way? It's

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my daughter and myself. We put together this idea because people

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are feddup with dinners and gala dinners and difficult now period not

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allowing fundraising easily. It s the era of the internet we thought

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by internet we can reach the most bigger number. It's open to

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everybody in the world? To everybody in the world. They have to go to a

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site. Can I make my cheque out for you now? Please. Did you... I

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didn't, I don't want to gain it If I gain it, it's much problem. I keep

:23:19.:23:22.

it for others. It's a good opportunity for anybody. To get peal

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for 100 euros. Thank you very much for talking to us about that

:23:30.:23:35.

campaign there. Throughout October we are running a special series on

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the challenges faced by women in the 21st century. Next Friday, 100

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inspiring women will gather for a unique global event here at the

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BBC's London headquarters. In our report today we look at education in

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China. This year, the country welcomed its first female astronaut.

:23:52.:23:59.

Many women in China have to keep their aspirations firmly on the

:24:00.:24:03.

ground. There are still jobs and university courses which are for

:24:04.:24:11.

many only. Child's play with an eye on the future. At the I Have A Dream

:24:12.:24:22.

theme park in Beijing these visitors can try out careers. Girls dress up

:24:23.:24:28.

as flight attendants and learn to serve meals. Many boys choose to

:24:29.:24:34.

work as security guards. In these imagery world, the children and

:24:35.:24:40.

their parents stick to ridgied gender types. In China the idea that

:24:41.:24:45.

girls can't or shouldn't do the same jobs as men is put op on them early.

:24:46.:24:51.

Students fight to get into this mining engineering course in China's

:24:52.:24:57.

eastern Jiangsu province. They are almost guaranteed well-paid jobs

:24:58.:25:03.

after graduation. This programme has one clear entrance requirement, men

:25:04.:25:10.

only. China's labour law suggests mining work is unsuitable for women.

:25:11.:25:14.

We ask women to refrain from applying to our major. This school

:25:15.:25:20.

is not alone. Out of respect for women's safety, it says. China's

:25:21.:25:24.

education ministry has banned girls from studying a variety of subjects

:25:25.:25:32.

from across China. Some jobs are really unsuitable for women. If they

:25:33.:25:36.

force their way into these jobs they will waste energy that can be

:25:37.:25:42.

better used elsewhere. A small but fiesty network of students and

:25:43.:25:46.

lawyers is fighting the restrictions. Shaving their heads in

:25:47.:25:53.

a rare public protest in Guandong province last year. It was blatant

:25:54.:25:58.

discrimination. No-one has stood up to these universities before and

:25:59.:26:03.

told them these policies were wrong. The activists are also battling

:26:04.:26:13.

unofficial gernd quotas at many Chinese universities that favour

:26:14.:26:18.

boys. Schools don't want their courses to be dominated by girls.

:26:19.:26:22.

They regularly lower admission standards for boys and leaving girls

:26:23.:26:30.

with higher marks out of luck. Girls can move beyond the beauty saloon to

:26:31.:26:39.

try dozens of jobs. These girls might soon have the support and the

:26:40.:26:44.

drive to do it. Some of the challenges faced there by women in

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China. That is it from World News Today, next the weather. Goodbye.

:26:49.:26:54.

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