17/10/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today, with me Zeinab Badawi.


After the budget deal in the US to prevent a massive debt default, we


ask what has been the cost to Washington's standing on the world


stage? Hundreds of thousands return to work


after a temporary agreement in Congress ends the partial government


shutdown. We look at the losers after President Obama says there


were no winners. These last few weeks have inflicted completely


unnecessary damage on our economy. Pupil power in France. Hundreds of


school students take to the streets, amid growing anger at the


deportation of a Roma teenager, snatched by the authorities in front


of her classmates. Three months after Egypt's army


ousted President Morsi, we speak to the deputy head of the committee


charged with helping rewrite the country's constitution.


And dream jobs or the only jobs for these girls in the future? We


examine why females in China are prevented from some university


courses and careers. Hello and welcome. The US budget


battle may be over for now and, although President Obama did not


have to conceder very much to his Republican opponents, he said today


that there were no winners from the tussle between Democrats and


Republicans. Hundreds of thousands of government employees have headed


back to work today after the cross-party deal last night ended


the partial government shutdown and raised the US debt ceiling. Mr Obama


speaking at the White House earlier today, warned that the US economic


recovery had been undermined and that the American people are fed up


with the politicians in Washington. Understand that how business is done


in this town has to change. Because, we have all got a lot of work to do


on behalf of the American people, including the hard work of retaining


the trust. Our system of self government does not function without


it. Without it, the gunmen cannot operate. All others need to stop


focusing on the lobbyists and the bloggers and talking heads on radio,


the professional activist who profit from conflict, but listen to the


majority of the American people In Washington now is the economist


and blogger Edward Harrison, the founder of the economic news


website, Credit Writedowns. So, the President says there was not any


winners ballot a lot of losers. Economic, I'm talking about


companies having a lot of trouble in the States economy. Yes, LX like we


will see a loss of about 0.5 or 0.6% gross domestic product in this


quarter because of the partial shutdown. We are looking at a huge


amount of lost income to the private sector. In this scheme of things,


that is manageable, because we are looking at plus .2% growth in the


United States. So it could come down to .2%. But if this had gone on any


longer, the damage would have been a lot greater. There is still a risk,


because investors may not see the US dollar is the safe haven it once


was? I do not think the dead enemy, but in terms of absolute note


political risk, there are no other pretenders to the throne as aware,


of save assets or collateral. You can look at places like China or in


Europe as being equivalent size in terms of the economy, but all of


those areas have the own difficulties and their own problems.


The United States dollar remains a strong currency. The will probably


not be ramifications in that respect. How much damage has this


done? It was that potential default on United States security which


would of had worldwide implications. I think it has done a


lot of damage to the United States in terms of its been able to promote


its agenda abroad. In British terms, it would be the equivalent of the


Labour Party forcing through legislation which would force the


Government to partly shutdown. People round the world do not


understand that the United States has gone through this. It is


self-inflicted and as a result, we are looking at the likes of the NASA


spying scandal and the situation in Syria, there were a lot of places


via the United States where the actor on the world stage and the


combination of this will diminish the United States as a power and


people will probably look for a more multi-polar world view in future.


Thousands of high school students have taken to the streets in Paris


protesting against the deportation of a 15-year-old Roma girl. Leonarda


Dibrani was detained by police in front of her classmates and sent


back to her native Kosovo, along with her parents and five siblings.


Her case has triggered an angry backlash among her supporters. The


French Interior Minister Manuel Valls has drawn the fiercest


criticism. At home, but not that Leonarda Dibrani would consider this


her home. The family entered France illegally in 2009 and since then had


been living in Paris, with French becoming her first language. This


summer, the final asylum appeal was denied. Last week, on a school


outing, she was dragged off by the authorities and sent back on a plane


to Kosovo. It was terrible. My friends thought I had committed the


big claim. I started crying. In Kosovo, there is no school for her.


The story has starred bitter recriminations in France. Today


thousands of students blockaded the schools as they took to the streets.


I was born in Russia and I am living in France and that is a situation


which worries me a lot. It could be one of us. The interior Minister is


seen as one of the more popular figures in the socialist government,


but many and party will approve of the action. Many people in the party


are angered because it prides itself on human rights. He is currently on


a visit to a French island, but said the majority of those illegal


immigrants should go back to the likes of Romania and Kosovo. He


said, when there is no longer any reason for a person to be on our


soil, the law applies. There have been calls for the President to


intervene. There has been worries that this has been a high-handed


action by police and officials. The family will be able to return within


48 hours if there's any problems with the expulsion order.


It is three months since Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi was removed


from power and a caretaker President put in charge until new elections


can be held next year. The upheaval has left the Islamists, who were


swept away from power by the head of the army, General Abdul Fatah Al


Sissi, feeling very disgruntled There are regular protests held by


supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood around Egypt, who are still calling


for the reinstatement of the President. Meanwhile, the new


authorities have begun a new process they claim will restore Egypt back


to the path of a more inclusive democracy.


With me here in the studio are two influential voices inside Egypt


today. Lawyer Mona Zulficar is vice-president of the 50-member body


known as the G50, which is drawing up a new constitution for Egypt and


we also have Mohammed Shaker, the chairman of the Egyptian Council for


Foreign Affairs. He is a former diplomat, who previously served as


Egypt's ambassador in London. Thank you both for joining me this


evening. Mohammed Shaker, how can Egpyt say


it is committed to a democratic path when a democratically-elected


President and his party have been writtren out of the picture? Now,


everyone wants to be involved in the making of this Constitution. The


making of this, where she is vice chairman, every Egyptian wants to be


on this committee to draft the constitution, but certainly, it will


be debated by the public later on. It will be put to the people, who


will have the chance to comment on it. It is the will of the Egyptian


people. Mona Zulficar, you are part of the


body drawing up a new constitution for Egypt, to be voted for in


December, but a referendum was held at the end of last year and 64%


approved that constitution. But they attack the judiciary, the


attack the media. President Morsi Made decisions with no other


thought, the was no democracy about it. ?


Mona, only one member of your 5 is an Islamist and the Islamic


Brotherhood is not represented. How can the organisation have


legitimacy? There are people who support them who are willing


different hats. They well invited but declined. We have five or six or


seven, more than 10% of the people, who are sympathetic. I think it is


representative. The one is completely controlling it. It has


all walks of life in it. You will surely have to find an accommodation


with the Muslim Brotherhood. They were the clear winners in these


democratic elections. Definitely, they will have a role to play in the


future. I do not believe that we have democracy in Egypt presented


otherwise. But it is too soon for people to digest what is going on


and I think, at one point, they will have to be accommodated. Otherwise,


what is the worry of fear being a insurgency. Clearly, it is not


something Egypt can afford. No, they have been suspended, they put any


ban for the former regime. They stopped them exercising their


political rights. We are not doing that. We are writing a constitution


which will respect the rule of law and equal rights for all people in


Egypt. If the Muslim Brotherhood stood in an election in any guise,


the would-be elected fairly and squarely as the winner? Yes, but I


do not think the would do that. I think they lost the majority of the


people because of the failure to stick with the constitution. Now,


64% did vote for them, admittedly in a low turnout and they have been


thrown out. This Constitution did not respect the equal rights of all


citizens. It was a major cornerstone of the polarisation and division of


the Egyptian people. It provided the source of perpetual conflict and


because it was not based on the modern rules of respecting basic


human rights and freedoms for all. This Constitution itself was


surrounded by sympathisers President Morsi of. You have seen the military


back controlling the streets in Egypt. You threw out the former


regime because it was essentially an army supported government. Now, we


no longer have the Government President Morsi of. Surely, the army


are right back in the picture now? Yes, because people wanted that


Egypt is comfortable with going back to military rule? They may accept it


for the meantime. It saved Egypt from catastrophe. I think people


behaved the instructions of the people who went down and signed 22


million petitions authenticated signatures saying we want Emily


elections, we do not accept this to continue. Number two, we went down


under streets and we asked the army to intervene in the bed. It is not


now them and the driver seat. We have an entered common and we will


write a constitution and the role have elections and have a new


government. Thank you both for joining me.


Britain has agreed to let Chinese companies buy up some of its nuclear


power plants. They will be able to finance, build and operate the


facilities and even own a majority stake. George Osborne says it means


that the UK Government will not need to finance expensive projects


directly. It's the biggest nuclear power plant of its kind in the


world. Under construction at Taishan in southern China. Now, an almost


identical one is likely to be built in the UK. George Osborne's host


today was stressing the reactor s safety features. Against air crash.


The so there are... S safety procedures. Like Britain, China


needs to build more power stations. The safety is built into everything,


an earthquake or tsunami. You are prepared for that. Unlike Britain,


China is already racing ahead almost 30 nuclear plants in the pipeline.


Today the Chancellor said he would welcome Chinese involvement in


Britain's nuclear reactors. What is in this for George Osborne is money,


cash Britain urgently needs to fund the building of a new generation of


power stations. There are concerns that what bringing Chinese state


companies may mean for future safety and security in Britain's critical


national infrastructure. The new reactors at Taishan are European


designs, a French firm working with a Chinese partner. The same team


should get the first UK contract. We will make sure the British rules on


safety are applied. Chinese investment in British nuclear power


means British taxpayers' money can be used, instead of building these


things, for building schools and hospitals. In the long-term, British


families get lower and more stable energy bills. This is where the new


reactors will be built, replacing old ones at Hinkley Point in


Somerset. The bills may not be lower. The Government will guarantee


the operators a set price for their power, perhaps double today's cost


of electricity. It's extremely unlikely this is is a good deal for


consumers. The Government is guaranteeing EDF the operator a


price over the next three or four decades of ?100 a megawatt hour If


the price of Lek thrills itty is below that the consumer will make up


the difference. Currently it's significantly below that. No other


western nation has turned to China to satisfy its need for energy.


Communist-led, but with deep pockets, China could in future be


running UK nuclear plants. Some will find that deeply uncomfortable.


Others, like the Chancellor, see opportunity. The day's other news in


brief. In Australia, strong winds and unseasonably warm weather are


fanning dozens of wildfires across the state of New South Wales. So far


at least 30 homes have been destroyed on the outskirts of


Sydney. Scientists from the world health organisation have for the


first time identified air pollution as a leading environmental cause of


cancer. Their research suggests it was responsible for more than


200,000 deaths from lung cancer around the world in 2010. That means


air pollution is more likely than passive smoking to give you cancer.


It is being blamed for an increased risk of bladder cancer. Earlier this


week, we brought you the story on the street artist Banksy who


secretly sold his original art, worth thousands of pounds, for just


$60 at a stall in New York. Now a Lebanese charity, the Association to


Save Tyre, is offering people the chance to pick up an original


Picasso for 100 euros. You heard directly. The drawing is worth 1


million and it's called Man with Opera Hat. The charity is hoping


that plenty of people will want to buy a raffle ticket in the hope that


they will strike lucky. Let us talk more about this, here in the studio


with me is Maha Chalabi from the International Association to Save


Tyre and she is one of the organisers of this Picasso raffle.


Have you had a big response to this raffle so far? Yes, we have. We are


have very happy about it, especially here in London. The we are selling


very, very well. We hope that it will continue. You know Tyre is


giving so much to humanity and the historical period. Tyre is expecting


that people come to help her now. You are trying to raise money for


Tyre which is of course is in southern Lebanon it's an ancient


metropolis. You are trying to raise money to do what with the money We


have projects for employment for women and disables. In Tyre this


will be a village for handy craft. Tyre was known by its handy craft.


We want to revive all the old handy craft. We have another project also


with a consortium of universities in Beirut itself. These two projects


are done for employment, helping especiallilet new generation and


women. These are the projects you wish to finance. As you have been


speaking we have been looking at beautiful pictures of Tyre. You


bought the Picasso work in New York from a gallery? Yes. It has been


totally confirmed by Picasso's family as being an original. Yes.


Are you nervous you won't get your money back, maybe? No, we have


already the price of the Picasso, we have it already back. We want to


make the money to make the project. This is the most important thing.


Whose idea was this to raise money for your charity in this way? It's


my daughter and myself. We put together this idea because people


are feddup with dinners and gala dinners and difficult now period not


allowing fundraising easily. It s the era of the internet we thought


by internet we can reach the most bigger number. It's open to


everybody in the world? To everybody in the world. They have to go to a


site. Can I make my cheque out for you now? Please. Did you... I


didn't, I don't want to gain it If I gain it, it's much problem. I keep


it for others. It's a good opportunity for anybody. To get peal


for 100 euros. Thank you very much for talking to us about that


campaign there. Throughout October we are running a special series on


the challenges faced by women in the 21st century. Next Friday, 100


inspiring women will gather for a unique global event here at the


BBC's London headquarters. In our report today we look at education in


China. This year, the country welcomed its first female astronaut.


Many women in China have to keep their aspirations firmly on the


ground. There are still jobs and university courses which are for


many only. Child's play with an eye on the future. At the I Have A Dream


theme park in Beijing these visitors can try out careers. Girls dress up


as flight attendants and learn to serve meals. Many boys choose to


work as security guards. In these imagery world, the children and


their parents stick to ridgied gender types. In China the idea that


girls can't or shouldn't do the same jobs as men is put op on them early.


Students fight to get into this mining engineering course in China's


eastern Jiangsu province. They are almost guaranteed well-paid jobs


after graduation. This programme has one clear entrance requirement, men


only. China's labour law suggests mining work is unsuitable for women.


We ask women to refrain from applying to our major. This school


is not alone. Out of respect for women's safety, it says. China's


education ministry has banned girls from studying a variety of subjects


from across China. Some jobs are really unsuitable for women. If they


force their way into these jobs they will waste energy that can be


better used elsewhere. A small but fiesty network of students and


lawyers is fighting the restrictions. Shaving their heads in


a rare public protest in Guandong province last year. It was blatant


discrimination. No-one has stood up to these universities before and


told them these policies were wrong. The activists are also battling


unofficial gernd quotas at many Chinese universities that favour


boys. Schools don't want their courses to be dominated by girls.


They regularly lower admission standards for boys and leaving girls


with higher marks out of luck. Girls can move beyond the beauty saloon to


try dozens of jobs. These girls might soon have the support and the


drive to do it. Some of the challenges faced there by women in


China. That is it from World News Today, next the weather. Goodbye.


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