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President This is BBC world News today with me, Zeinab Badawi.
President Hollande of France warns that a gunman on the loose in Paris
must be caught because he could kill at any time. CCTV footage of the
gunman shows a white man believed to be in his 40s. He shot a
photographer at the news headquarters and has also fired
inside a bank. We are live in Paris with the latest. The aid is getting
through in the Philippines but questions remain about how prepared
officials were for the disaster. President Aquino, himself under
fire, adds to the criticism. If you look at the casualties figures the
overwhelming bulk of them have been in this region and one has to ask
why. Why are some places reporting zero? Also coming up: Two-macro
Internet giants announce new measures to crack down on online
searches for images of child abuse. How comprehensive can their action
be? A special report from Libya where gunfights between armed
militia and protesters have killed nearly 50 people in one week, we
look at the prospects for peace and stability in the country. And the
BBC's science-fiction show Doctor Who celebrates its 50th year on
television with a special anniversary edition: We go behind
the scenes to look at its enduring appeal.
Hello and welcome. It is 8pm in Paris and right now police
helicopters are circling over the most famous street in the city, the
Champs-Elysees, and hundreds of police are patrolling the streets
hunting for a gunman who opened fire in two-macro locations and then
escaped amongst a throng of Christmas shoppers, as the search
continues. First, the gunman shot a photographer at the offices of one
of France's's best-known newspapers Liberation. He is said to be
fighting for his life. Soon afterwards, shots were fired at the
headquarters of the bank Societe Generale and a man was briefly taken
hostage nearby. Christian Fraser has the latest. The gunman, dressed as a
hunter, armed with a shot gun. He is still at large and is described by
police as highly dangerous. This morning at the entrance hall of this
newspaper he opened fire with ammunition normally used on deer or
wild boar. His victim was a 27-year-old freelance photographer
arriving for his first day at the office. He was shot in the back and
is in a critical condition. I think he was happy to do his job. It could
happen to any of us. It is the second time the media have been
targeted by this man and armed police have now been stationed
outside all news agencies. The same man walked into a television channel
and without filing empty the chamber of his rifle. , I will not miss
you. That is what he said to the editor he confronted. He walked
calmly away from the scene. By mid-morning he reappeared in the
business district and fired into the year outside the bank Societe
general al. He then forced a woman to drive him to the Champs-Elysees.
It is suspected that after that he took the Metro. We are doing
everything we can to find him said the interior minister. He said there
is no room in this country for people who are attacking our
fundamental freedoms. Paris is on high alert tonight with Cleese
circling the Champs-Elysees and the annual Christmas market. All forces
are allowed focused on identifying this man to stop him before he can
strike again. I am joined by our reporter in Paris. Give us an update
of what we know about that manhunt. Police are still on the
Champs-Elysees tonight. There is a sense that there is a major police
operation underway. The newsroom where the photographer was shot is
very quiet, albeit thoughts are with the family of that man. It was the
first day he was due in the office. He had been shot in the back in a
very cold and calculated wave while waiting on the left. There was no
mercy given to this young man. The suspicion is that he has done this
before, going to a television studio on Friday. There is police presence
outside most of the major news agencies in Paris tonight and the
banks are stepping up security as well. In the past couple of hours
CCTV footage has emerged showing the gunman. How one nurse did he give
the police these light? -- the slip? It was quite an unnerving
time. The Champs-Elysees is a very busy place. The helicopter was above
us for a long time this afternoon. Those working within news agencies
were apprehensive but also those working on the Champs-Elysees. There
was a lockdown for quite a while and people were urged to stay indoors.
For a time there was talk that the police had caught up with him. The
woman who had been hijacked called the police so they were onto that
within minutes. At the moment the trail seems to have gone cold and
there is no sign of where he has gone. Putting out this film and
showing his face clearly they will hope someone can recognise him. It
is obviously a hunting style of clothing, someone who has experience
of hunting. The ammunition and rifle, the Pope is someone will spot
that and report him. -- the hope is someone will spot him. Thank you.
The latest figures for the death toll in the Philippines show that
more than 4000 people were killed when Typhoon Haiyan struck and
around 18,000 injured. Another 1500 around 18,000 injured. Another 500
people are still missing and four million have been made homeless.
President Aquino has criticised some officials in disaster areas for not
being prepared for the Typhoon. We will hear from President Aquino in a
moment. First, our correspondent Jeremy Cooke went to the remote
neighbourhood of Babatngon. The runway is being cleared. The next
challenge is distribution. The Americans are doing their bit but
the Philippines the forced are taking on the heavy lifting.
Travelling all over this region you are struck again and again by the
scale of the devastation. It is clear that this aid is desperately
needed. They come from their homes, the chopper crew urge them back for
their own safety. No chance, the entire village is desperate for
food, they will not let go now. With almost every home destroyed, they
need more outside help. We need shelter. We must have helped to
build our houses. You are getting now but you need shelter? Yes.
Everybody agree? Yes! The incoming help is not just aid what expertise.
British medics who arrived today are already saving lives. Seven of them,
paramedics, surgeons, anaesthetists, surgeons. A crack
team and a heavy work load. We are seeing the legacy of open wounds
which have been neglected for one week. That can be life-threatening.
The president is here playing a political blame game with other
leaders but thankful for help from abroad. Do you think the
international community will need to be here for the long-term? We will
be very grateful if they can do so. I think we, as a matter of our
action, should focus on our resources and our people. Those
capabilities have been tested to an extreme but the sense here is that
Filipinos are growing in determination to bring help to their
own people. Well, as we mentioned, the Philippine president Benigno
Aquino has criticised local efforts in the aid operation in his country,
but he himself has faced criticism for not doing enough. He has been
speaking to my colleague Rajesh Mirchandani. I would like to ask the
critics what else we could have done with the resources we have, given
the magnitude of the problem. I have spoken to people who have told me
they were without fresh water and food for one week and they were
getting no order supplies. Is that an appropriate response? Perhaps you
should ask the first responders from the local government. We have a
disaster risk response which is geared towards empowering the local
government which is supposed to provide the backbone. They were in
an sense at unique case. We have to admit there was a breakdown in terms
of government. When you say-macro you want to understand the
shortcomings of the municipal authority it sounds like you are
seeing-macro the ultimate responsibility for this does not lie
with you. Eventually it does. I have general supervision over all of them
but the system has to rely on the local government which is already in
place to provide the responses. The president of the Philippines locking
to our BBC correspondent. Now look at some of the day's other news At
least 26 people have been killed in Egypt when a train collided with a
minibus and a truck. It happened on a level crossing south of the
capital, Cairo. Police say-macro several of the victims were from the
same family, who were returning from a wedding. America's midwest has
been struck by a series of powerful tornadoes and thunderstorms that
have left a trail of destruction across five states. At least six
people have been killed. Buildings were destroyed, trees uprooted and
power lines brought down. The plane which nosedived to the ground in
Russia has killed all 50 passengers on board. The plane had arrived from
Moscow and was trying to land in the central Russian city of Kazan.
Investigators are now looking at whether a technical failure or crew
error may have caused the crash. NASA is about to launch a new
mission to Mars. It wants to discover whether the planet was ever
habitable. The Maven spacecraft is about to set off from Cape Canaveral
in Florida. Tensions are high in Libya as there are orders to leave
the capital, Tripoli. Around 43 people were killed over the weekend
when militia men opened fire on protesters. The militia had formed
during the battle to topple Colonel Gaddafi in 2011. They are still
active and have refused to disarm so far. It may look calm but it is a
brutal type of quiet. In the last ten beers there has been the worst
violence since 2011. -- ten days. There were shoot outs and the
militias protested but they were attacked and killed. Armed groups
often take their differences to the streets. Some militia started off
fighting the get our free regime, others, little more than criminal
gangs, have started taking to the streets and listen to no-one but
themselves. These men proclaimed their loyalty
to the Prime Minister, but the politicians bicker, nowhere close to
taming the beer. It has been a mess of militias, city states and tribes
since Colonel Gaddafi fell. Libya had the most complete of all the
Arab revolutions. I'm Colonel Gaddafi went, so that all his
institutions, starting with the security forces. They have had to
build from the bottom up. During that, and getting over the legacy of
14 years of dictatorship, has been proved to be much harder than anyone
expected. The abandoned prison in Tripoli is a symbol of the Gaddafi
regime's brutality, and the habit of random violence left behind.
Any minute we're waiting to go and be killed.
This man was a political prisoner for 30 years. He says he is still
hopeful, but fears the power of the militias and a thirst for revenge
are ruining the future for every Libyan family.
We have to fight for Collins. Even our enemies or those who have
tortured us, we have two have a state of rights and a state of rule
so that the new generation will live in a fraternal society.
But many Libyans do not feel the same way. There is a risk that the
newly trained government security forces will get caught up in
political battles as well as street violence.
If the new army ends up just as one week later in a country full of
competing armed groups, Libya's unhappy unstable violent present
will be its future am also. For more analysis on this we are
joined by George Joffe a from Kimmeridge University. -- Cambridge
University. This militia being told to go, we understand some are
beginning to withdraw from Tripoli. What were they doing there in the
first place? They were responsible for the
liberation of Tripoli in August 2011. They were joined by other
militias, and in the wake of that liberation, the city was divided up
amongst the militias that were involved. And since that is one of
the strongest militias, it got the lions share, which is why it has
been present in the capital of since. More importantly, it is also
involved into coalitions of militias that the government is trying to
form to help with the security problem. The Libyan shield and the
supreme security committee. That gives its a certain status, but the
fact is that the militias does not listen to what the government says.
It follows its own command structures and its own impetus and
interests. At the moment is closely associated with the Islamist faction
inside the National Congress, Libya's new parliament.
If they are part of this coalition to bring stability to Libya, who is
creating the instability and insecurity?
It is the militias themselves. They have divided up Tripoli into a
series of turf zones in which each militia will reign supreme. You will
find that the airport in Tripoli is controlled by one militia, the
centre of the city is controlled by another. Other militias operate in
the suburbs. They do not necessarily CI July. Clashes cannot very easily
and they do. -- I too high. How is the government going to try
to bring about any kind of national cohesion and stability?
That is a question the Prime Minister would like to know the
answer to. The factors is he is too weak and the government is too weak
to enforce their writ on the militias themselves. They have said
the militias must leave I would be forced to leave by various dates,
the latest date is the end of this year. But they have never been able
to achieve that. Since there is still no proper army at no proper
police force to replace the militias, they remain in place. That
is a very serious development. The militias also control prisons, the
influence the courts. They have intervened in the activities of the
general National Congress. Last May be force through laws they wanted
irrespective of the views of the elected body of the Libyan
parliament. It rather pessimistic assessment,
thank you very much indeed. The Internet search engine companies
Google and Microsoft have announced new measures to make it more
difficult to find images of child abuse on the Internet. The system is
being first introduced in English after the Prime Minister David
Cameron called on search engines to do more to stop illegal images of
children. But the company pointed out that most of those images are
shared on hidden networks in what is known as the dark net.
This in an office in the Cambridge research Park, four people are
analysing images from the World Wide Web. This is the Internet watch
foundation which receives 40,000 foundation which receives 40,00
complaints each year about pictures of child abuse. So graphic is the
content, the staff have to have regular content. -- counselling
I've got two choices, I can either be part of the solution to get rid
of the content or I can pretend it is not there.
I know it is there, I know there is a fair amount out there, and I want
to help. Reports come from the public and the
police. If they find a website hosting illegal images it can be
closed within the hour. If it is overseas they can block it in
Britain. Getting the image removed can take much longer.
Last year we removed just under 10,000 URL' s. We work very closely
with our international partners because it is a global issue will
stop people did what we did, there wouldn't be anywhere for this to
hide. Our other countries taking it as
seriously as we are? It depends, in some countries it is
just not on the agenda. There is concern about developing
countries with the Internet is growing but there are few controls
on content. When the IWS was founded, eating %
of child abuse images were posted on websites in the UK. Today, that
figure is just 0.3%. That is why the IWF has been given more money so it
can increase in size. They will then be able to actively search out child
pornography. We will be able to be proactive and
be much more effect. We know where the content is, so if we can go and
seek it out under strict parameters, we can remove loads more content.
No one expects this funding to read the web of child abuse images, but
it is seen as an important step in the right direction.
Danny Dresner is a computer security consultant, he joins us from Salford
will stop have affected will this be Western Mark?
It will not affect the criminals who are using deeply hidden networks
already, but it will affect those people who might become those
criminals by the initial searches. It should not be made easy for
people who want to find such unfortunate material.
And what do you do about the so-called dark net?
That has to be about creating a forensic trail to try to track
people down. The difficulty is that the whole infrastructure is set up
to avoid that happening. People will have to bide their time until
something is created which will allow them to do. As more often
happens in forensics situations, somebody makes a mistake.
How easy or difficult is it for somebody to take the right steps to
find these illegal images of children?
Unfortunately, the irony of it is, if you do start searching about the
dark net on search engines, and perhaps I shouldn't say this because
I wouldn't want to encourage people, it gives you indication is, even
YouTube videos about how to get onto this area in the first place. The
criminals are careful about who they let in. We are using some of the
security mechanisms and we have developed to protect our information
which is used for legitimate means. Danny Dresner, thank you for your
assessment. Doctor Who is one of the most
enduring and popular fictitious characters of all time, and although
the character who is a Time Lord and more than 900 years old, he is
merely celebrating the golden anniversary of the series. It is 50
years ago that the first episode appeared on the BBC. This Saturday
there will be a special anniversary episode.
For its highly anticipated golden anniversary, one Time Lord was not
enough. So we have John hurt, and David Tennant returns.
It's been quite funny. And I've asked a lot of questions, " you know
when we did Western Mark? " it is a real experience playing this part,
so it is good to slightly compare notes.
This has all the makings of your lucky day.
It features all the elements viewers have come to expect it, and audience
expectation for this golden anniversary episode is
understandably high. Fans, some of whom have followed from the very
first episode in 1963, it went on to establish itself as essential
viewing, and despite being off air for much of the 1990s, today it is
more successful than ever. Fans now include royalty. Today the show was
honoured with a special reception at Buckingham Palace, hosted by Sophie
Countess of Wessex. Recognition of a show so highly and
lovingly regarded it could continue, some believe, for another
half-century. Our main story today, hundreds of
French police are on the hunt for a Lone gunmen who opened fire at two
locations in Paris. That's all from the programme. Next the weather. But
for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
The cold weather is sweeping down across all