18/11/2013 World News Today


18/11/2013

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President This is BBC world News today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:07.

President Hollande of France warns that a gunman on the loose in Paris

:00:08.:00:11.

must be caught because he could kill at any time. CCTV footage of the

:00:12.:00:24.

gunman shows a white man believed to be in his 40s. He shot a

:00:25.:00:29.

photographer at the news headquarters and has also fired

:00:30.:00:34.

inside a bank. We are live in Paris with the latest. The aid is getting

:00:35.:00:37.

through in the Philippines but questions remain about how prepared

:00:38.:00:40.

officials were for the disaster. President Aquino, himself under

:00:41.:00:46.

fire, adds to the criticism. If you look at the casualties figures the

:00:47.:00:49.

overwhelming bulk of them have been in this region and one has to ask

:00:50.:00:57.

why. Why are some places reporting zero? Also coming up: Two-macro

:00:58.:01:02.

Internet giants announce new measures to crack down on online

:01:03.:01:05.

searches for images of child abuse. How comprehensive can their action

:01:06.:01:08.

be? A special report from Libya where gunfights between armed

:01:09.:01:10.

militia and protesters have killed nearly 50 people in one week, we

:01:11.:01:14.

look at the prospects for peace and stability in the country. And the

:01:15.:01:22.

BBC's science-fiction show Doctor Who celebrates its 50th year on

:01:23.:01:24.

television with a special anniversary edition: We go behind

:01:25.:01:31.

the scenes to look at its enduring appeal.

:01:32.:01:43.

Hello and welcome. It is 8pm in Paris and right now police

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helicopters are circling over the most famous street in the city, the

:01:50.:01:53.

Champs-Elysees, and hundreds of police are patrolling the streets

:01:54.:01:56.

hunting for a gunman who opened fire in two-macro locations and then

:01:57.:01:58.

escaped amongst a throng of Christmas shoppers, as the search

:01:59.:02:01.

continues. First, the gunman shot a photographer at the offices of one

:02:02.:02:04.

of France's's best-known newspapers Liberation. He is said to be

:02:05.:02:07.

fighting for his life. Soon afterwards, shots were fired at the

:02:08.:02:10.

headquarters of the bank Societe Generale and a man was briefly taken

:02:11.:02:20.

hostage nearby. Christian Fraser has the latest. The gunman, dressed as a

:02:21.:02:31.

hunter, armed with a shot gun. He is still at large and is described by

:02:32.:02:36.

police as highly dangerous. This morning at the entrance hall of this

:02:37.:02:41.

newspaper he opened fire with ammunition normally used on deer or

:02:42.:02:49.

wild boar. His victim was a 27-year-old freelance photographer

:02:50.:02:52.

arriving for his first day at the office. He was shot in the back and

:02:53.:02:59.

is in a critical condition. I think he was happy to do his job. It could

:03:00.:03:08.

happen to any of us. It is the second time the media have been

:03:09.:03:12.

targeted by this man and armed police have now been stationed

:03:13.:03:19.

outside all news agencies. The same man walked into a television channel

:03:20.:03:25.

and without filing empty the chamber of his rifle. , I will not miss

:03:26.:03:31.

you. That is what he said to the editor he confronted. He walked

:03:32.:03:37.

calmly away from the scene. By mid-morning he reappeared in the

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business district and fired into the year outside the bank Societe

:03:43.:03:53.

general al. He then forced a woman to drive him to the Champs-Elysees.

:03:54.:04:00.

It is suspected that after that he took the Metro. We are doing

:04:01.:04:08.

everything we can to find him said the interior minister. He said there

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is no room in this country for people who are attacking our

:04:14.:04:17.

fundamental freedoms. Paris is on high alert tonight with Cleese

:04:18.:04:23.

circling the Champs-Elysees and the annual Christmas market. All forces

:04:24.:04:28.

are allowed focused on identifying this man to stop him before he can

:04:29.:04:35.

strike again. I am joined by our reporter in Paris. Give us an update

:04:36.:04:42.

of what we know about that manhunt. Police are still on the

:04:43.:04:46.

Champs-Elysees tonight. There is a sense that there is a major police

:04:47.:04:53.

operation underway. The newsroom where the photographer was shot is

:04:54.:05:02.

very quiet, albeit thoughts are with the family of that man. It was the

:05:03.:05:09.

first day he was due in the office. He had been shot in the back in a

:05:10.:05:15.

very cold and calculated wave while waiting on the left. There was no

:05:16.:05:20.

mercy given to this young man. The suspicion is that he has done this

:05:21.:05:26.

before, going to a television studio on Friday. There is police presence

:05:27.:05:31.

outside most of the major news agencies in Paris tonight and the

:05:32.:05:35.

banks are stepping up security as well. In the past couple of hours

:05:36.:05:42.

CCTV footage has emerged showing the gunman. How one nurse did he give

:05:43.:05:49.

the police these light? -- the slip? It was quite an unnerving

:05:50.:05:59.

time. The Champs-Elysees is a very busy place. The helicopter was above

:06:00.:06:05.

us for a long time this afternoon. Those working within news agencies

:06:06.:06:09.

were apprehensive but also those working on the Champs-Elysees. There

:06:10.:06:15.

was a lockdown for quite a while and people were urged to stay indoors.

:06:16.:06:22.

For a time there was talk that the police had caught up with him. The

:06:23.:06:28.

woman who had been hijacked called the police so they were onto that

:06:29.:06:32.

within minutes. At the moment the trail seems to have gone cold and

:06:33.:06:36.

there is no sign of where he has gone. Putting out this film and

:06:37.:06:42.

showing his face clearly they will hope someone can recognise him. It

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is obviously a hunting style of clothing, someone who has experience

:06:49.:06:52.

of hunting. The ammunition and rifle, the Pope is someone will spot

:06:53.:07:01.

that and report him. -- the hope is someone will spot him. Thank you.

:07:02.:07:06.

The latest figures for the death toll in the Philippines show that

:07:07.:07:09.

more than 4000 people were killed when Typhoon Haiyan struck and

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around 18,000 injured. Another 1500 around 18,000 injured. Another 500

:07:11.:07:13.

people are still missing and four million have been made homeless.

:07:14.:07:18.

President Aquino has criticised some officials in disaster areas for not

:07:19.:07:22.

being prepared for the Typhoon. We will hear from President Aquino in a

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moment. First, our correspondent Jeremy Cooke went to the remote

:07:27.:07:36.

neighbourhood of Babatngon. The runway is being cleared. The next

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challenge is distribution. The Americans are doing their bit but

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the Philippines the forced are taking on the heavy lifting.

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Travelling all over this region you are struck again and again by the

:08:00.:08:05.

scale of the devastation. It is clear that this aid is desperately

:08:06.:08:13.

needed. They come from their homes, the chopper crew urge them back for

:08:14.:08:19.

their own safety. No chance, the entire village is desperate for

:08:20.:08:25.

food, they will not let go now. With almost every home destroyed, they

:08:26.:08:31.

need more outside help. We need shelter. We must have helped to

:08:32.:08:40.

build our houses. You are getting now but you need shelter? Yes.

:08:41.:08:53.

Everybody agree? Yes! The incoming help is not just aid what expertise.

:08:54.:08:59.

British medics who arrived today are already saving lives. Seven of them,

:09:00.:09:08.

paramedics, surgeons, anaesthetists, surgeons. A crack

:09:09.:09:14.

team and a heavy work load. We are seeing the legacy of open wounds

:09:15.:09:20.

which have been neglected for one week. That can be life-threatening.

:09:21.:09:28.

The president is here playing a political blame game with other

:09:29.:09:33.

leaders but thankful for help from abroad. Do you think the

:09:34.:09:37.

international community will need to be here for the long-term? We will

:09:38.:09:43.

be very grateful if they can do so. I think we, as a matter of our

:09:44.:09:49.

action, should focus on our resources and our people. Those

:09:50.:09:56.

capabilities have been tested to an extreme but the sense here is that

:09:57.:10:00.

Filipinos are growing in determination to bring help to their

:10:01.:10:07.

own people. Well, as we mentioned, the Philippine president Benigno

:10:08.:10:10.

Aquino has criticised local efforts in the aid operation in his country,

:10:11.:10:13.

but he himself has faced criticism for not doing enough. He has been

:10:14.:10:16.

speaking to my colleague Rajesh Mirchandani. I would like to ask the

:10:17.:10:28.

critics what else we could have done with the resources we have, given

:10:29.:10:34.

the magnitude of the problem. I have spoken to people who have told me

:10:35.:10:38.

they were without fresh water and food for one week and they were

:10:39.:10:43.

getting no order supplies. Is that an appropriate response? Perhaps you

:10:44.:10:51.

should ask the first responders from the local government. We have a

:10:52.:11:02.

disaster risk response which is geared towards empowering the local

:11:03.:11:06.

government which is supposed to provide the backbone. They were in

:11:07.:11:16.

an sense at unique case. We have to admit there was a breakdown in terms

:11:17.:11:23.

of government. When you say-macro you want to understand the

:11:24.:11:28.

shortcomings of the municipal authority it sounds like you are

:11:29.:11:32.

seeing-macro the ultimate responsibility for this does not lie

:11:33.:11:40.

with you. Eventually it does. I have general supervision over all of them

:11:41.:11:44.

but the system has to rely on the local government which is already in

:11:45.:11:52.

place to provide the responses. The president of the Philippines locking

:11:53.:11:57.

to our BBC correspondent. Now look at some of the day's other news At

:11:58.:12:05.

least 26 people have been killed in Egypt when a train collided with a

:12:06.:12:11.

minibus and a truck. It happened on a level crossing south of the

:12:12.:12:14.

capital, Cairo. Police say-macro several of the victims were from the

:12:15.:12:18.

same family, who were returning from a wedding. America's midwest has

:12:19.:12:21.

been struck by a series of powerful tornadoes and thunderstorms that

:12:22.:12:24.

have left a trail of destruction across five states. At least six

:12:25.:12:29.

people have been killed. Buildings were destroyed, trees uprooted and

:12:30.:12:32.

power lines brought down. The plane which nosedived to the ground in

:12:33.:12:36.

Russia has killed all 50 passengers on board. The plane had arrived from

:12:37.:12:40.

Moscow and was trying to land in the central Russian city of Kazan.

:12:41.:12:42.

Investigators are now looking at whether a technical failure or crew

:12:43.:12:46.

error may have caused the crash. NASA is about to launch a new

:12:47.:12:50.

mission to Mars. It wants to discover whether the planet was ever

:12:51.:12:53.

habitable. The Maven spacecraft is about to set off from Cape Canaveral

:12:54.:12:57.

in Florida. Tensions are high in Libya as there are orders to leave

:12:58.:13:01.

the capital, Tripoli. Around 43 people were killed over the weekend

:13:02.:13:05.

when militia men opened fire on protesters. The militia had formed

:13:06.:13:12.

during the battle to topple Colonel Gaddafi in 2011. They are still

:13:13.:13:16.

active and have refused to disarm so far. It may look calm but it is a

:13:17.:13:33.

brutal type of quiet. In the last ten beers there has been the worst

:13:34.:13:41.

violence since 2011. -- ten days. There were shoot outs and the

:13:42.:13:50.

militias protested but they were attacked and killed. Armed groups

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often take their differences to the streets. Some militia started off

:13:55.:14:00.

fighting the get our free regime, others, little more than criminal

:14:01.:14:09.

gangs, have started taking to the streets and listen to no-one but

:14:10.:14:19.

themselves. These men proclaimed their loyalty

:14:20.:14:25.

to the Prime Minister, but the politicians bicker, nowhere close to

:14:26.:14:29.

taming the beer. It has been a mess of militias, city states and tribes

:14:30.:14:36.

since Colonel Gaddafi fell. Libya had the most complete of all the

:14:37.:14:39.

Arab revolutions. I'm Colonel Gaddafi went, so that all his

:14:40.:14:42.

institutions, starting with the security forces. They have had to

:14:43.:14:48.

build from the bottom up. During that, and getting over the legacy of

:14:49.:14:51.

14 years of dictatorship, has been proved to be much harder than anyone

:14:52.:15:01.

expected. The abandoned prison in Tripoli is a symbol of the Gaddafi

:15:02.:15:07.

regime's brutality, and the habit of random violence left behind.

:15:08.:15:13.

Any minute we're waiting to go and be killed.

:15:14.:15:18.

This man was a political prisoner for 30 years. He says he is still

:15:19.:15:22.

hopeful, but fears the power of the militias and a thirst for revenge

:15:23.:15:26.

are ruining the future for every Libyan family.

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We have to fight for Collins. Even our enemies or those who have

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tortured us, we have two have a state of rights and a state of rule

:15:42.:15:46.

so that the new generation will live in a fraternal society.

:15:47.:15:55.

But many Libyans do not feel the same way. There is a risk that the

:15:56.:15:58.

newly trained government security forces will get caught up in

:15:59.:16:01.

political battles as well as street violence.

:16:02.:16:08.

If the new army ends up just as one week later in a country full of

:16:09.:16:13.

competing armed groups, Libya's unhappy unstable violent present

:16:14.:16:21.

will be its future am also. For more analysis on this we are

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joined by George Joffe a from Kimmeridge University. -- Cambridge

:16:30.:16:39.

University. This militia being told to go, we understand some are

:16:40.:16:43.

beginning to withdraw from Tripoli. What were they doing there in the

:16:44.:16:47.

first place? They were responsible for the

:16:48.:16:50.

liberation of Tripoli in August 2011. They were joined by other

:16:51.:16:56.

militias, and in the wake of that liberation, the city was divided up

:16:57.:17:00.

amongst the militias that were involved. And since that is one of

:17:01.:17:05.

the strongest militias, it got the lions share, which is why it has

:17:06.:17:10.

been present in the capital of since. More importantly, it is also

:17:11.:17:16.

involved into coalitions of militias that the government is trying to

:17:17.:17:19.

form to help with the security problem. The Libyan shield and the

:17:20.:17:25.

supreme security committee. That gives its a certain status, but the

:17:26.:17:29.

fact is that the militias does not listen to what the government says.

:17:30.:17:33.

It follows its own command structures and its own impetus and

:17:34.:17:39.

interests. At the moment is closely associated with the Islamist faction

:17:40.:17:42.

inside the National Congress, Libya's new parliament.

:17:43.:17:47.

If they are part of this coalition to bring stability to Libya, who is

:17:48.:17:54.

creating the instability and insecurity?

:17:55.:18:01.

It is the militias themselves. They have divided up Tripoli into a

:18:02.:18:05.

series of turf zones in which each militia will reign supreme. You will

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find that the airport in Tripoli is controlled by one militia, the

:18:10.:18:12.

centre of the city is controlled by another. Other militias operate in

:18:13.:18:18.

the suburbs. They do not necessarily CI July. Clashes cannot very easily

:18:19.:18:32.

and they do. -- I too high. How is the government going to try

:18:33.:18:36.

to bring about any kind of national cohesion and stability?

:18:37.:18:43.

That is a question the Prime Minister would like to know the

:18:44.:18:46.

answer to. The factors is he is too weak and the government is too weak

:18:47.:18:48.

to enforce their writ on the militias themselves. They have said

:18:49.:18:53.

the militias must leave I would be forced to leave by various dates,

:18:54.:18:56.

the latest date is the end of this year. But they have never been able

:18:57.:19:00.

to achieve that. Since there is still no proper army at no proper

:19:01.:19:04.

police force to replace the militias, they remain in place. That

:19:05.:19:09.

is a very serious development. The militias also control prisons, the

:19:10.:19:17.

influence the courts. They have intervened in the activities of the

:19:18.:19:22.

general National Congress. Last May be force through laws they wanted

:19:23.:19:24.

irrespective of the views of the elected body of the Libyan

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parliament. It rather pessimistic assessment,

:19:30.:19:35.

thank you very much indeed. The Internet search engine companies

:19:36.:19:39.

Google and Microsoft have announced new measures to make it more

:19:40.:19:44.

difficult to find images of child abuse on the Internet. The system is

:19:45.:19:48.

being first introduced in English after the Prime Minister David

:19:49.:19:53.

Cameron called on search engines to do more to stop illegal images of

:19:54.:19:59.

children. But the company pointed out that most of those images are

:20:00.:20:02.

shared on hidden networks in what is known as the dark net.

:20:03.:20:09.

This in an office in the Cambridge research Park, four people are

:20:10.:20:12.

analysing images from the World Wide Web. This is the Internet watch

:20:13.:20:15.

foundation which receives 40,000 foundation which receives 40,00

:20:16.:20:20.

complaints each year about pictures of child abuse. So graphic is the

:20:21.:20:26.

content, the staff have to have regular content. -- counselling

:20:27.:20:38.

I've got two choices, I can either be part of the solution to get rid

:20:39.:20:42.

of the content or I can pretend it is not there.

:20:43.:20:48.

I know it is there, I know there is a fair amount out there, and I want

:20:49.:20:53.

to help. Reports come from the public and the

:20:54.:20:57.

police. If they find a website hosting illegal images it can be

:20:58.:21:01.

closed within the hour. If it is overseas they can block it in

:21:02.:21:04.

Britain. Getting the image removed can take much longer.

:21:05.:21:09.

Last year we removed just under 10,000 URL' s. We work very closely

:21:10.:21:19.

with our international partners because it is a global issue will

:21:20.:21:23.

stop people did what we did, there wouldn't be anywhere for this to

:21:24.:21:27.

hide. Our other countries taking it as

:21:28.:21:32.

seriously as we are? It depends, in some countries it is

:21:33.:21:38.

just not on the agenda. There is concern about developing

:21:39.:21:40.

countries with the Internet is growing but there are few controls

:21:41.:21:46.

on content. When the IWS was founded, eating %

:21:47.:21:53.

of child abuse images were posted on websites in the UK. Today, that

:21:54.:22:03.

figure is just 0.3%. That is why the IWF has been given more money so it

:22:04.:22:09.

can increase in size. They will then be able to actively search out child

:22:10.:22:14.

pornography. We will be able to be proactive and

:22:15.:22:17.

be much more effect. We know where the content is, so if we can go and

:22:18.:22:22.

seek it out under strict parameters, we can remove loads more content.

:22:23.:22:27.

No one expects this funding to read the web of child abuse images, but

:22:28.:22:31.

it is seen as an important step in the right direction.

:22:32.:22:38.

Danny Dresner is a computer security consultant, he joins us from Salford

:22:39.:22:41.

will stop have affected will this be Western Mark?

:22:42.:22:50.

It will not affect the criminals who are using deeply hidden networks

:22:51.:22:53.

already, but it will affect those people who might become those

:22:54.:22:58.

criminals by the initial searches. It should not be made easy for

:22:59.:23:01.

people who want to find such unfortunate material.

:23:02.:23:06.

And what do you do about the so-called dark net?

:23:07.:23:16.

That has to be about creating a forensic trail to try to track

:23:17.:23:23.

people down. The difficulty is that the whole infrastructure is set up

:23:24.:23:26.

to avoid that happening. People will have to bide their time until

:23:27.:23:31.

something is created which will allow them to do. As more often

:23:32.:23:36.

happens in forensics situations, somebody makes a mistake.

:23:37.:23:40.

How easy or difficult is it for somebody to take the right steps to

:23:41.:23:44.

find these illegal images of children?

:23:45.:23:51.

Unfortunately, the irony of it is, if you do start searching about the

:23:52.:23:58.

dark net on search engines, and perhaps I shouldn't say this because

:23:59.:24:05.

I wouldn't want to encourage people, it gives you indication is, even

:24:06.:24:08.

YouTube videos about how to get onto this area in the first place. The

:24:09.:24:12.

criminals are careful about who they let in. We are using some of the

:24:13.:24:17.

security mechanisms and we have developed to protect our information

:24:18.:24:21.

which is used for legitimate means. Danny Dresner, thank you for your

:24:22.:24:27.

assessment. Doctor Who is one of the most

:24:28.:24:31.

enduring and popular fictitious characters of all time, and although

:24:32.:24:36.

the character who is a Time Lord and more than 900 years old, he is

:24:37.:24:39.

merely celebrating the golden anniversary of the series. It is 50

:24:40.:24:43.

years ago that the first episode appeared on the BBC. This Saturday

:24:44.:24:47.

there will be a special anniversary episode.

:24:48.:24:54.

For its highly anticipated golden anniversary, one Time Lord was not

:24:55.:25:03.

enough. So we have John hurt, and David Tennant returns.

:25:04.:25:09.

It's been quite funny. And I've asked a lot of questions, " you know

:25:10.:25:23.

when we did Western Mark? " it is a real experience playing this part,

:25:24.:25:27.

so it is good to slightly compare notes.

:25:28.:25:34.

This has all the makings of your lucky day.

:25:35.:25:39.

It features all the elements viewers have come to expect it, and audience

:25:40.:25:44.

expectation for this golden anniversary episode is

:25:45.:25:51.

understandably high. Fans, some of whom have followed from the very

:25:52.:25:58.

first episode in 1963, it went on to establish itself as essential

:25:59.:26:01.

viewing, and despite being off air for much of the 1990s, today it is

:26:02.:26:07.

more successful than ever. Fans now include royalty. Today the show was

:26:08.:26:12.

honoured with a special reception at Buckingham Palace, hosted by Sophie

:26:13.:26:19.

Countess of Wessex. Recognition of a show so highly and

:26:20.:26:22.

lovingly regarded it could continue, some believe, for another

:26:23.:26:32.

half-century. Our main story today, hundreds of

:26:33.:26:37.

French police are on the hunt for a Lone gunmen who opened fire at two

:26:38.:26:42.

locations in Paris. That's all from the programme. Next the weather. But

:26:43.:26:45.

for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:46.:26:57.

The cold weather is sweeping down across all

:26:58.:26:58.

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