18/11/2013 World News Today


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President This is BBC world News today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


President Hollande of France warns that a gunman on the loose in Paris


must be caught because he could kill at any time. CCTV footage of the


gunman shows a white man believed to be in his 40s. He shot a


photographer at the news headquarters and has also fired


inside a bank. We are live in Paris with the latest. The aid is getting


through in the Philippines but questions remain about how prepared


officials were for the disaster. President Aquino, himself under


fire, adds to the criticism. If you look at the casualties figures the


overwhelming bulk of them have been in this region and one has to ask


why. Why are some places reporting zero? Also coming up: Two-macro


Internet giants announce new measures to crack down on online


searches for images of child abuse. How comprehensive can their action


be? A special report from Libya where gunfights between armed


militia and protesters have killed nearly 50 people in one week, we


look at the prospects for peace and stability in the country. And the


BBC's science-fiction show Doctor Who celebrates its 50th year on


television with a special anniversary edition: We go behind


the scenes to look at its enduring appeal.


Hello and welcome. It is 8pm in Paris and right now police


helicopters are circling over the most famous street in the city, the


Champs-Elysees, and hundreds of police are patrolling the streets


hunting for a gunman who opened fire in two-macro locations and then


escaped amongst a throng of Christmas shoppers, as the search


continues. First, the gunman shot a photographer at the offices of one


of France's's best-known newspapers Liberation. He is said to be


fighting for his life. Soon afterwards, shots were fired at the


headquarters of the bank Societe Generale and a man was briefly taken


hostage nearby. Christian Fraser has the latest. The gunman, dressed as a


hunter, armed with a shot gun. He is still at large and is described by


police as highly dangerous. This morning at the entrance hall of this


newspaper he opened fire with ammunition normally used on deer or


wild boar. His victim was a 27-year-old freelance photographer


arriving for his first day at the office. He was shot in the back and


is in a critical condition. I think he was happy to do his job. It could


happen to any of us. It is the second time the media have been


targeted by this man and armed police have now been stationed


outside all news agencies. The same man walked into a television channel


and without filing empty the chamber of his rifle. , I will not miss


you. That is what he said to the editor he confronted. He walked


calmly away from the scene. By mid-morning he reappeared in the


business district and fired into the year outside the bank Societe


general al. He then forced a woman to drive him to the Champs-Elysees.


It is suspected that after that he took the Metro. We are doing


everything we can to find him said the interior minister. He said there


is no room in this country for people who are attacking our


fundamental freedoms. Paris is on high alert tonight with Cleese


circling the Champs-Elysees and the annual Christmas market. All forces


are allowed focused on identifying this man to stop him before he can


strike again. I am joined by our reporter in Paris. Give us an update


of what we know about that manhunt. Police are still on the


Champs-Elysees tonight. There is a sense that there is a major police


operation underway. The newsroom where the photographer was shot is


very quiet, albeit thoughts are with the family of that man. It was the


first day he was due in the office. He had been shot in the back in a


very cold and calculated wave while waiting on the left. There was no


mercy given to this young man. The suspicion is that he has done this


before, going to a television studio on Friday. There is police presence


outside most of the major news agencies in Paris tonight and the


banks are stepping up security as well. In the past couple of hours


CCTV footage has emerged showing the gunman. How one nurse did he give


the police these light? -- the slip? It was quite an unnerving


time. The Champs-Elysees is a very busy place. The helicopter was above


us for a long time this afternoon. Those working within news agencies


were apprehensive but also those working on the Champs-Elysees. There


was a lockdown for quite a while and people were urged to stay indoors.


For a time there was talk that the police had caught up with him. The


woman who had been hijacked called the police so they were onto that


within minutes. At the moment the trail seems to have gone cold and


there is no sign of where he has gone. Putting out this film and


showing his face clearly they will hope someone can recognise him. It


is obviously a hunting style of clothing, someone who has experience


of hunting. The ammunition and rifle, the Pope is someone will spot


that and report him. -- the hope is someone will spot him. Thank you.


The latest figures for the death toll in the Philippines show that


more than 4000 people were killed when Typhoon Haiyan struck and


around 18,000 injured. Another 1500 around 18,000 injured. Another 500


people are still missing and four million have been made homeless.


President Aquino has criticised some officials in disaster areas for not


being prepared for the Typhoon. We will hear from President Aquino in a


moment. First, our correspondent Jeremy Cooke went to the remote


neighbourhood of Babatngon. The runway is being cleared. The next


challenge is distribution. The Americans are doing their bit but


the Philippines the forced are taking on the heavy lifting.


Travelling all over this region you are struck again and again by the


scale of the devastation. It is clear that this aid is desperately


needed. They come from their homes, the chopper crew urge them back for


their own safety. No chance, the entire village is desperate for


food, they will not let go now. With almost every home destroyed, they


need more outside help. We need shelter. We must have helped to


build our houses. You are getting now but you need shelter? Yes.


Everybody agree? Yes! The incoming help is not just aid what expertise.


British medics who arrived today are already saving lives. Seven of them,


paramedics, surgeons, anaesthetists, surgeons. A crack


team and a heavy work load. We are seeing the legacy of open wounds


which have been neglected for one week. That can be life-threatening.


The president is here playing a political blame game with other


leaders but thankful for help from abroad. Do you think the


international community will need to be here for the long-term? We will


be very grateful if they can do so. I think we, as a matter of our


action, should focus on our resources and our people. Those


capabilities have been tested to an extreme but the sense here is that


Filipinos are growing in determination to bring help to their


own people. Well, as we mentioned, the Philippine president Benigno


Aquino has criticised local efforts in the aid operation in his country,


but he himself has faced criticism for not doing enough. He has been


speaking to my colleague Rajesh Mirchandani. I would like to ask the


critics what else we could have done with the resources we have, given


the magnitude of the problem. I have spoken to people who have told me


they were without fresh water and food for one week and they were


getting no order supplies. Is that an appropriate response? Perhaps you


should ask the first responders from the local government. We have a


disaster risk response which is geared towards empowering the local


government which is supposed to provide the backbone. They were in


an sense at unique case. We have to admit there was a breakdown in terms


of government. When you say-macro you want to understand the


shortcomings of the municipal authority it sounds like you are


seeing-macro the ultimate responsibility for this does not lie


with you. Eventually it does. I have general supervision over all of them


but the system has to rely on the local government which is already in


place to provide the responses. The president of the Philippines locking


to our BBC correspondent. Now look at some of the day's other news At


least 26 people have been killed in Egypt when a train collided with a


minibus and a truck. It happened on a level crossing south of the


capital, Cairo. Police say-macro several of the victims were from the


same family, who were returning from a wedding. America's midwest has


been struck by a series of powerful tornadoes and thunderstorms that


have left a trail of destruction across five states. At least six


people have been killed. Buildings were destroyed, trees uprooted and


power lines brought down. The plane which nosedived to the ground in


Russia has killed all 50 passengers on board. The plane had arrived from


Moscow and was trying to land in the central Russian city of Kazan.


Investigators are now looking at whether a technical failure or crew


error may have caused the crash. NASA is about to launch a new


mission to Mars. It wants to discover whether the planet was ever


habitable. The Maven spacecraft is about to set off from Cape Canaveral


in Florida. Tensions are high in Libya as there are orders to leave


the capital, Tripoli. Around 43 people were killed over the weekend


when militia men opened fire on protesters. The militia had formed


during the battle to topple Colonel Gaddafi in 2011. They are still


active and have refused to disarm so far. It may look calm but it is a


brutal type of quiet. In the last ten beers there has been the worst


violence since 2011. -- ten days. There were shoot outs and the


militias protested but they were attacked and killed. Armed groups


often take their differences to the streets. Some militia started off


fighting the get our free regime, others, little more than criminal


gangs, have started taking to the streets and listen to no-one but


themselves. These men proclaimed their loyalty


to the Prime Minister, but the politicians bicker, nowhere close to


taming the beer. It has been a mess of militias, city states and tribes


since Colonel Gaddafi fell. Libya had the most complete of all the


Arab revolutions. I'm Colonel Gaddafi went, so that all his


institutions, starting with the security forces. They have had to


build from the bottom up. During that, and getting over the legacy of


14 years of dictatorship, has been proved to be much harder than anyone


expected. The abandoned prison in Tripoli is a symbol of the Gaddafi


regime's brutality, and the habit of random violence left behind.


Any minute we're waiting to go and be killed.


This man was a political prisoner for 30 years. He says he is still


hopeful, but fears the power of the militias and a thirst for revenge


are ruining the future for every Libyan family.


We have to fight for Collins. Even our enemies or those who have


tortured us, we have two have a state of rights and a state of rule


so that the new generation will live in a fraternal society.


But many Libyans do not feel the same way. There is a risk that the


newly trained government security forces will get caught up in


political battles as well as street violence.


If the new army ends up just as one week later in a country full of


competing armed groups, Libya's unhappy unstable violent present


will be its future am also. For more analysis on this we are


joined by George Joffe a from Kimmeridge University. -- Cambridge


University. This militia being told to go, we understand some are


beginning to withdraw from Tripoli. What were they doing there in the


first place? They were responsible for the


liberation of Tripoli in August 2011. They were joined by other


militias, and in the wake of that liberation, the city was divided up


amongst the militias that were involved. And since that is one of


the strongest militias, it got the lions share, which is why it has


been present in the capital of since. More importantly, it is also


involved into coalitions of militias that the government is trying to


form to help with the security problem. The Libyan shield and the


supreme security committee. That gives its a certain status, but the


fact is that the militias does not listen to what the government says.


It follows its own command structures and its own impetus and


interests. At the moment is closely associated with the Islamist faction


inside the National Congress, Libya's new parliament.


If they are part of this coalition to bring stability to Libya, who is


creating the instability and insecurity?


It is the militias themselves. They have divided up Tripoli into a


series of turf zones in which each militia will reign supreme. You will


find that the airport in Tripoli is controlled by one militia, the


centre of the city is controlled by another. Other militias operate in


the suburbs. They do not necessarily CI July. Clashes cannot very easily


and they do. -- I too high. How is the government going to try


to bring about any kind of national cohesion and stability?


That is a question the Prime Minister would like to know the


answer to. The factors is he is too weak and the government is too weak


to enforce their writ on the militias themselves. They have said


the militias must leave I would be forced to leave by various dates,


the latest date is the end of this year. But they have never been able


to achieve that. Since there is still no proper army at no proper


police force to replace the militias, they remain in place. That


is a very serious development. The militias also control prisons, the


influence the courts. They have intervened in the activities of the


general National Congress. Last May be force through laws they wanted


irrespective of the views of the elected body of the Libyan


parliament. It rather pessimistic assessment,


thank you very much indeed. The Internet search engine companies


Google and Microsoft have announced new measures to make it more


difficult to find images of child abuse on the Internet. The system is


being first introduced in English after the Prime Minister David


Cameron called on search engines to do more to stop illegal images of


children. But the company pointed out that most of those images are


shared on hidden networks in what is known as the dark net.


This in an office in the Cambridge research Park, four people are


analysing images from the World Wide Web. This is the Internet watch


foundation which receives 40,000 foundation which receives 40,00


complaints each year about pictures of child abuse. So graphic is the


content, the staff have to have regular content. -- counselling


I've got two choices, I can either be part of the solution to get rid


of the content or I can pretend it is not there.


I know it is there, I know there is a fair amount out there, and I want


to help. Reports come from the public and the


police. If they find a website hosting illegal images it can be


closed within the hour. If it is overseas they can block it in


Britain. Getting the image removed can take much longer.


Last year we removed just under 10,000 URL' s. We work very closely


with our international partners because it is a global issue will


stop people did what we did, there wouldn't be anywhere for this to


hide. Our other countries taking it as


seriously as we are? It depends, in some countries it is


just not on the agenda. There is concern about developing


countries with the Internet is growing but there are few controls


on content. When the IWS was founded, eating %


of child abuse images were posted on websites in the UK. Today, that


figure is just 0.3%. That is why the IWF has been given more money so it


can increase in size. They will then be able to actively search out child


pornography. We will be able to be proactive and


be much more effect. We know where the content is, so if we can go and


seek it out under strict parameters, we can remove loads more content.


No one expects this funding to read the web of child abuse images, but


it is seen as an important step in the right direction.


Danny Dresner is a computer security consultant, he joins us from Salford


will stop have affected will this be Western Mark?


It will not affect the criminals who are using deeply hidden networks


already, but it will affect those people who might become those


criminals by the initial searches. It should not be made easy for


people who want to find such unfortunate material.


And what do you do about the so-called dark net?


That has to be about creating a forensic trail to try to track


people down. The difficulty is that the whole infrastructure is set up


to avoid that happening. People will have to bide their time until


something is created which will allow them to do. As more often


happens in forensics situations, somebody makes a mistake.


How easy or difficult is it for somebody to take the right steps to


find these illegal images of children?


Unfortunately, the irony of it is, if you do start searching about the


dark net on search engines, and perhaps I shouldn't say this because


I wouldn't want to encourage people, it gives you indication is, even


YouTube videos about how to get onto this area in the first place. The


criminals are careful about who they let in. We are using some of the


security mechanisms and we have developed to protect our information


which is used for legitimate means. Danny Dresner, thank you for your


assessment. Doctor Who is one of the most


enduring and popular fictitious characters of all time, and although


the character who is a Time Lord and more than 900 years old, he is


merely celebrating the golden anniversary of the series. It is 50


years ago that the first episode appeared on the BBC. This Saturday


there will be a special anniversary episode.


For its highly anticipated golden anniversary, one Time Lord was not


enough. So we have John hurt, and David Tennant returns.


It's been quite funny. And I've asked a lot of questions, " you know


when we did Western Mark? " it is a real experience playing this part,


so it is good to slightly compare notes.


This has all the makings of your lucky day.


It features all the elements viewers have come to expect it, and audience


expectation for this golden anniversary episode is


understandably high. Fans, some of whom have followed from the very


first episode in 1963, it went on to establish itself as essential


viewing, and despite being off air for much of the 1990s, today it is


more successful than ever. Fans now include royalty. Today the show was


honoured with a special reception at Buckingham Palace, hosted by Sophie


Countess of Wessex. Recognition of a show so highly and


lovingly regarded it could continue, some believe, for another


half-century. Our main story today, hundreds of


French police are on the hunt for a Lone gunmen who opened fire at two


locations in Paris. That's all from the programme. Next the weather. But


for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


The cold weather is sweeping down across all


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