19/11/2013 World News Today


19/11/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. A deadly double

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bombing in Beirut targets the Iranian embassy there. Is Syria's

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war spilling over the border into Lebanon?

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The 23 killed in the massive bomb attack include an Iranian diplomat,

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as a group linked to Al-Qaeda claims responsibility.

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TRANSLATION: They weren't fighters face to face, so they use suicide

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bombers. -- they won't fight us face to face. Let them face us, we are

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ready. Six months' worth of rain floods

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through the Mediterranean island of Sardinia - Italy's Prime Minister

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declares a state of emergency. There is another bridge over there,

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we are told that the water swept over the top. People say it must

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have been eight or nine metres high. Also coming up: The latest on the

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dozens still trapped as a South African shopping mall collapses on

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construction workers. The world's largest refugee camp in

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Northern Kenya - why so many refugees from Somalia do not want to

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go home. We report from there. And why taking a photo like these

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fine examples has become the Oxford English Dictionary's word of the

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year. Hello and welcome. A deadly double

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bombing at the Iranian embassy in the Lebanese capital Beirut has

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killed at least 23 people. Lebanese officials say the first attacker was

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a suicide bomber on a motorcycle. The second was in a four-wheel drive

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vehicle. This is one of the worst attacks in southern Beirut since the

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war across the border in Syria began. And significantly, it is the

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first attack on an Iranian target, with the embassy's cultural attache

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among the dead. Iran is a major backer of Syria's

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President Assad and of Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shia militant group

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which has sent fighters to Syria to back Assad's government.

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In fact, one of the most bitterly fought skirmishes of the Syrian

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civil war came in June, when Hezbollah and Syrian government

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forces recaptured the town of Qusair, very close to the Lebanese

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border, after weeks of intense clashes.

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To many, the Syrian conflict - and the increasing sectarian attacks in

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both Lebanon and Iraq - represents a proxy war being fought by two of the

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region's biggest powers, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

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The BBC's Middle East correspondent Paul Wood reports now on the day's

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events, and the potential fallout. First, a man wearing a suicide belts

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rushed to the outer wall of the embassy and detonated. Next came a

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car bomb. That may have been a suicide attack, too. I would this is

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said Rainey and guards rushed out after the first blast and were

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killed in the second -- Iranians guards rushed out. It appears that

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many bystanders died as well. Saudis and Jews, says this woman, the

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standard demon graffiti in Shi'ite south Beirut. But it is more likely

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that this was linked to Iran's support for the Syrian regime. Maybe

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it is a message. We are trying to say that everybody is convinced that

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the solution in Syria is political. Who did this now, I think, has not

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come up with a solution. The attack could be linked to this. Syrian

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rebels are under pressure from a regime offensive. Their last supply

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routes into Lebanon are close to being cut off.

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Refugees are fleeing over the border. They are coming from areas

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that have been held by the rebels for two years. To accomplish this,

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the regime is getting help from Iran. The Syrian rebels have vowed

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revenge. Both sides have their proxies in Lebanon. More violence

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seems inevitable. TRANSLATION: These people weren't

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TRANSLATION: These people weren t fighters face-to-face. So they use

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suicide bombers. Let them face us, we are ready. This isn't the first

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time that the Civil War in Syria has reached over the border to cause

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mayhem in Lebanon. It is not the first time there has been an attack

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in Shi'ite south Beirut, but everybody knows that an attack on

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Iranian target is different and everybody will be waiting and

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watching anxiously to see what the consequences of such an attack will

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be. With me is Edgard Jallad. He's the

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BBC's Arabic TV editor and was born in Beirut.

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One of the first things you said upon seeing this is it is a message

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being sent, but what is the message? There are different layers in this

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message. Such bombings are not staged for just a simple message.

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There will be more than one message. The first one could be

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related to the role of are named Syria. This is a major role which is

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affecting the whole region. -- the first one could be related to the

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role of Iran in Syria. The second layer could be that Iran is getting

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closer to an agreement about its nuclear programme with the United

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States. We have heard condemnation by secretary Ceri moments ago. - by

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by secretary Ceri moments ago. -- by secretary John Kerry. He described

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it as a terrorist attack. This will push some countries to be

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uncomfortable and unhappy about what has happened. These countries are

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very well-known. Israel is not happy. The Iranians openly accused

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Israel about this. The other part, and we have heard it a lot do the

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experts, they are accusing Saudi Arabia, for example, because it is

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not happy about this deal between Iran and the United States. I don't

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want to simplify massively, but if you talk about relative bands of

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power on Shia/ Sunni tensions, we are driving down to that? It all

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relates to the big conflict tween them and the balance of power. An

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agreement between Iran and the United States is a big punch to this

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balance of power. The Saudis are really worried about the future. By

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seeing around sealing a deal with the United States. What about us? --

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by seeing Iran sealing a deal. Lebanon is already reeling from the

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refugees fleeing from Syria, now this violence in Beirut again, there

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must be a fear of more? Cause, Lebanon has always been a regional

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mailbox will big messages between superpowers. It is not new, it has

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been there since the 70s, including the Cold War between the Soviet

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Union and the United States. It went through the war, this is not new. It

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is unfortunate for this tiny country the size of Wales here in the United

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Kingdom. But at least what we have heard as reactions throughout the

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day, politicians from all parties, they are trying to absorb what

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happens and to avoid seeing a, seeing it leading to a bigger

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internal conflict. Kos at the motions are unleashed between the

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Sunnis and the sheer, there will be another terrible war. -- the Sunnis

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and the Shia. It has been contained so far. This element has always been

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there since the spill-over of the Syrian crisis into Lebanon. You

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mention the refugees and the interference, but so far it is not

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in the interest of any Lebanese party to get involved all to live

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the repercussions of the Syrian crisis. Thank you for coming in

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A cyclone has struck the Mediterranean island of Sardinia,

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killing at least 18 people. Among the dead was a family of four and a

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police officer who drowned when his car was swept away as he was

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escorting an ambulance. Around six months' worth of rain fell in about

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an hour and a half. The BBC's Matthew Price is in Sardinia and

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sent this report. They have seen nothing like it in

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decades in this normally Sunkist holiday-makers' paradise. It was,

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said one official, apocalyptic. Cyclone Cleopatra poured almost half

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a metre of water down on this island in one day. It is what they expect

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here in six months. It is the second time. First we had the fire, now it

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is water. Look at this mess. We followed some officials down one

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Blocked Rd as the rain started to fall again - not what they need

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Around the corner, this is what the cyclone had done. There was, we are

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told, a war of Tongaat a wall of water. -- there was, we are told, a

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wall of water. We are told that water swept right the way over the

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top. People here say it must have been eight or nine metres high.

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Thousands have been evacuated from their homes, with search and rescue

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teams still trying to reach all the affected areas. A family of four

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drowned as the water flooded their home. Ridges collapsed, three died

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when their car was crushed under one. -- bridges collapsed. A mother

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and daughter were killed as their vehicle was swept away in a raging

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torrent. There are roadblocks across the northern half of the island,

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the northern half of the island making the emergency response even

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more difficult. TRANSLATION: There is a crater down

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the road. We are still expecting more bad weather. The road could

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collapse at any time. The government held an emergency

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meeting this morning, setting aside 20 million new rose to help pay for

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the temporary housing and rebuilding that is urgently needed -- setting

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aside 20 million euros. In South Africa, at least two people

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are reported to have died after the roof of a shopping mall that was

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under construction collapsed nea rthe east coast city of Durban.

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About forty others, believed to be building workers, are still said to

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be trapped under the rubble. The BBC's Milton Nkosi is following

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the story from Johannesburg. What we know is that in Tongaat, 40

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What we know is that in Tongaat 40 kilometres north of Durban, a

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construction area which was a building construction which was

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going to be a more has collapsed. Some emergency officials are

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describing it as the size of a rugby field that has collapsed. We know

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that at least 29 people have been injured, some of them critically,

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and they have been airlifted to local hospitals. We know that

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emergency services, over 100 of them with rescue teams, are on the scene

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as we speak with sniffer dogs and using the jaws of life to try to

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reach to those who are trapped underneath the rubble. We hear that

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at least 50 of those trapped maybe construction workers who were

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working on this construction site, which was believed to be a more of

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about 15,000 square metres. -- believed to the a mall of.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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Police in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, have fired tear gas at

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anti-military demonstrators in clashes between supporters and

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opponents of the army. It's the second anniversary of a major

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confrontation between the security forces and demonstrators in which

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more than 40 people were killed. more than 40 people were killed

:12:55.:12:58.

The Spanish Ambassador in London has been summoned by the UK Government

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to explain reports a Spanish ship illegally entered the British port

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of Gibraltar. The crew of the ship claimed it was carrying out survey

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work with permission from the Spanish authorities. The British

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Foreign Office called it a provocative incursion.

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Parliamentarians in Strasbourg have approved the first spending cut in

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the history of the European Union. After two years of haggling,

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approval was given for the long-term approval was given for the long term

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budget up to the year 2020, with a real terms cut of 3.5%, 35 billion

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new row. This will particularly affect spending on poorer areas.

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affect spending on poorer areas Hundreds of police in Paris are

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still hunting a gunman who attacked the head offices of a newspaper and

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a bank, leaving one man critically wounded. The gunman disappeared

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after forcing a motorist to help him escape. New CCTV images have been

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issued today, as Christian Fraser reports from Paris.

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A new photographs, and is now a much clearer picture of the man police

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are hunting. Here is another, the gunman sitting at a Metro station.

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Police have had 400 calls from the public already, 120, said the

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prosecutor, they are taking seriously. This is the film on

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Friday from the headquarters of the 24-hour News Channel. He threatened

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staff with a gun but without firing. It was the warning. At the offices

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of the newspaper Liberation, yesterday he shot a

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the police are on stand-by at Metro stations and at the annual Christmas

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market. Those who came into contact with the Government described the

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anger and intensity on his face and it is fair to say they said he

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wanted to kill. There is a discernible sense of urgency on the

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part of the authorities. Memories are fresh in France of a similar

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manhunt last year. The gunman killed seven people in ten days.

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The recovery effort in the Philippines is picking up momentum.

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It is ten days since the devastating super typhoon hit the country and

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aid is finally starting to reach even the most remote areas. But

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there is increasing criticism of the Government's slow response. Rajesh

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Mirchandani has been to a makeshift hospital near Tacloban, one of the

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worst hit areas. Some of these people have been waiting in line for

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more than three hours. They are not waiting for food or water, they are

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waiting for medical help. This is a field hospital run jointly by the

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Belgians and the Journal that Germans. It is the only hospital in

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this area. Every day they see 2 0 people in this facility. When they

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get in this is the first ten. People get their symptoms checked. Then

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they are taken further down into the facility. They also check for

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infectious diseases. People have been living in not sanitary

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conditions. This is a classic time when epidemics could spread. In this

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treatment room there is a man who has had a wound on his finger and it

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looks pretty nasty. They are telling me he has been in once before, but

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this is a checkup three days later. What is wrong with this guy? He has

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a big wound on his finger, but this is manageable. That is without

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stitching and surgery. This has to be a fully, self-contained facility.

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This is the pharmacy that gets regularly restock. There are eight

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doctors and 24 nurses. There is an operating theatre and they have seen

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all sorts of things. Just the other day they had their first baby born

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at the mother called him Gregory. Nearly half a million Somalis live

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in Dadaab, a refugee camp in northern Kenyan. 10,000 of them are

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third-generation refugees and for most of them Dadaab is home. But how

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many of them would return to build their lives in Somalia? Gabriel

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Gatehouse sent us this report. An official in the camp has told me

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that fewer than 100 people out of a total of 350,000 have asked to go

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back. One of the reasons people are so reluctant is this, this primary

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school. More than 2500 A lot of parents believe their children would

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not get an opportunity if they went back to Somalia. This man has 21

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back to Somalia. This man has 2 Jordan. Three wives and 21 children,

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almost all of whom were born at Dadaab. For them this is not a

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refugee camp. For better or worse it is home. TRANSLATION: When I talk to

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my children about going back to Somalia they get scared. They think

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it is a mad idea. They cannot go back to Somalia, so the only hope

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they have is education. Dadaab is the largest refugee camp

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anywhere in the world. Since 1991, anywhere in the world. Since 19 1,

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when Somalia collapsed into anarchy, hundreds of them lead and ended up

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here. But also some troublemakers and extremists have come. One day

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last month a group of local men gathered to watch a football match

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on television. At about nine o'clock gunman came in and sprayed fire and

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bullets indiscriminately into the crowd. Nobody was killed, but six

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were injured and one is still in hospital. They are worried. At night

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time nobody comes. We close and we are very afraid. Why do you think

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they attack? Without asking as they started shooting as with bullets.

:20:35.:20:41.

Some Kenyan politicians have said Dadaab has become a nursery for

:20:42.:20:45.

extremists and it is time the people here went home. On the ground things

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seem to be carrying on very much as usual. This timber merchant is

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continuing to parcel out bits of wood that will be used in yet more

:20:56.:21:02.

constructions. Dadaab seems to be becoming more permanent by the day.

:21:03.:21:09.

Have you ever taken a selfie? You will be in good company if you have,

:21:10.:21:14.

like this Japanese astronaut at the International Space Station, or

:21:15.:21:19.

Hillary Clinton or even the Pope and the US president. Oxford dictionary

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defines a selfie as a photograph taken by oneself, taken by a

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smartphone or a webcam and uploaded to a social media website. Today

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they have confirmed it is the Word of the Year. With me is Richard

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Holden, the online editor for Oxford dictionaries. Why did that one

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appeal? Every year there is a big discussion and argument, but this

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year it was obvious. When we looked at monitoring new words we saw it

:21:56.:22:02.

had a year on year increase about 10,000%, so it was an obvious

:22:03.:22:07.

candidate. It was staring you in the face? It has two say something about

:22:08.:22:14.

the year and it defines the year. And looking at some of the ones that

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did not make it. What about showrooming? It is where you go into

:22:21.:22:25.

a shop and look at the products and go home and buy them cheaper online.

:22:26.:22:32.

We are going to find out whether people recognised the words you were

:22:33.:22:36.

considering. Our reporter went out to find out whether people

:22:37.:22:44.

recognised these words. To watch a whole season of a television show.

:22:45.:22:52.

American, they get it. To binge watch? Meat from the street? If I

:22:53.:23:05.

said you could do this on the street, what do you think that would

:23:06.:23:15.

mean? I could go home and I might. Ladies and gentlemen, she has got

:23:16.:23:22.

it. Yes, we know what it is. But I am not going to do it. Put your hand

:23:23.:23:26.

up if you know what twerking is. am not going to do it. Put your hand

:23:27.:23:32.

up if you know what twerking is But will we be talking about them in a

:23:33.:23:36.

few years time. Some words last like carbon footprint. Some of them are

:23:37.:23:48.

rather transient. Becoming Word of the Year does not mean that it will

:23:49.:23:54.

ever be in the dictionary. We look at a bit more longevity than that.

:23:55.:24:00.

It could disappear without trace. But when you look at carbon

:24:01.:24:07.

footprint they have become something to do with academic discourse. Some

:24:08.:24:13.

of them are trivial. There is a real mix between the technical and the

:24:14.:24:19.

mock local. What does the word selfie say about society? Does it

:24:20.:24:26.

mean we are all rather vain? It could be, but people have

:24:27.:24:30.

commissioned self portraits for years. It is easier now than ever,

:24:31.:24:35.

thanks to technology. Is it something you do as well? Yes, all

:24:36.:24:44.

the time. I never have. If you are on social media, it is what you do.

:24:45.:24:52.

You put yourself on the scene. Did the argument get heated. I imagine

:24:53.:24:55.

all of you are terribly well mannered. In our well mannered way

:24:56.:25:01.

we usually have arguments, but this year selfie was the obvious choice

:25:02.:25:07.

and it was a lot less fraught than in previous years. There was also

:25:08.:25:14.

twerking, bitcoin. Some of them are not going to make it. I am told

:25:15.:25:21.

there is a new mammal living in the cloud forest. The first mammal found

:25:22.:25:26.

in the Western Hemisphere, which is why it was thought to be

:25:27.:25:29.

significant, but it was always going to lose out to selfie. Some

:25:30.:25:38.

important news. British comedy veterans Monty Python are set to

:25:39.:25:44.

reunite for a new show. This is their first major collaboration in

:25:45.:25:48.

30 years. It will come in the form of a theatre show and it will be on

:25:49.:25:55.

stage. They want a cult following with their madcap television series

:25:56.:26:00.

between 1969 and 1974, including this dead parrot sketch. All five

:26:01.:26:06.

surviving members, who are now in their 70s, will be returning for the

:26:07.:26:11.

show. A double Banning near the Iranian

:26:12.:26:15.

embassy in the Lebanese capital of Beirut has killed more than 20

:26:16.:26:21.

people, wounding 150. A news agency in Iran has confirmed a cultural

:26:22.:26:26.

attache was among the dead. A Lebanese Sunni group linked to

:26:27.:26:31.

Al-Qaeda said it was behind the attacks. The Foreign Minister said

:26:32.:26:35.

it was a warning that the region's worsening security needs to be dealt

:26:36.:26:40.

with. From me and the rest of the team, thanks for staying with us.

:26:41.:26:56.

There will be an early frost tonight ahead of some wet and windy weather

:26:57.:27:03.

that is sweeping us overnight and into tomorrow. The strong wind will

:27:04.:27:09.

exacerbate the cold. The rain could be quite happy for a while. There

:27:10.:27:14.

will be snow over the Scottish mountains. That rain sweeps

:27:15.:27:19.

southwards and there is some intense rain over a short period of time.

:27:20.:27:25.

Though showers may be a touch wintry over the Pennines.

:27:26.:27:28.

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