19/11/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. A deadly double


bombing in Beirut targets the Iranian embassy there. Is Syria's


war spilling over the border into Lebanon?


The 23 killed in the massive bomb attack include an Iranian diplomat,


as a group linked to Al-Qaeda claims responsibility.


TRANSLATION: They weren't fighters face to face, so they use suicide


bombers. -- they won't fight us face to face. Let them face us, we are


ready. Six months' worth of rain floods


through the Mediterranean island of Sardinia - Italy's Prime Minister


declares a state of emergency. There is another bridge over there,


we are told that the water swept over the top. People say it must


have been eight or nine metres high. Also coming up: The latest on the


dozens still trapped as a South African shopping mall collapses on


construction workers. The world's largest refugee camp in


Northern Kenya - why so many refugees from Somalia do not want to


go home. We report from there. And why taking a photo like these


fine examples has become the Oxford English Dictionary's word of the


year. Hello and welcome. A deadly double


bombing at the Iranian embassy in the Lebanese capital Beirut has


killed at least 23 people. Lebanese officials say the first attacker was


a suicide bomber on a motorcycle. The second was in a four-wheel drive


vehicle. This is one of the worst attacks in southern Beirut since the


war across the border in Syria began. And significantly, it is the


first attack on an Iranian target, with the embassy's cultural attache


among the dead. Iran is a major backer of Syria's


President Assad and of Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shia militant group


which has sent fighters to Syria to back Assad's government.


In fact, one of the most bitterly fought skirmishes of the Syrian


civil war came in June, when Hezbollah and Syrian government


forces recaptured the town of Qusair, very close to the Lebanese


border, after weeks of intense clashes.


To many, the Syrian conflict - and the increasing sectarian attacks in


both Lebanon and Iraq - represents a proxy war being fought by two of the


region's biggest powers, Iran and Saudi Arabia.


The BBC's Middle East correspondent Paul Wood reports now on the day's


events, and the potential fallout. First, a man wearing a suicide belts


rushed to the outer wall of the embassy and detonated. Next came a


car bomb. That may have been a suicide attack, too. I would this is


said Rainey and guards rushed out after the first blast and were


killed in the second -- Iranians guards rushed out. It appears that


many bystanders died as well. Saudis and Jews, says this woman, the


standard demon graffiti in Shi'ite south Beirut. But it is more likely


that this was linked to Iran's support for the Syrian regime. Maybe


it is a message. We are trying to say that everybody is convinced that


the solution in Syria is political. Who did this now, I think, has not


come up with a solution. The attack could be linked to this. Syrian


rebels are under pressure from a regime offensive. Their last supply


routes into Lebanon are close to being cut off.


Refugees are fleeing over the border. They are coming from areas


that have been held by the rebels for two years. To accomplish this,


the regime is getting help from Iran. The Syrian rebels have vowed


revenge. Both sides have their proxies in Lebanon. More violence


seems inevitable. TRANSLATION: These people weren't


TRANSLATION: These people weren t fighters face-to-face. So they use


suicide bombers. Let them face us, we are ready. This isn't the first


time that the Civil War in Syria has reached over the border to cause


mayhem in Lebanon. It is not the first time there has been an attack


in Shi'ite south Beirut, but everybody knows that an attack on


Iranian target is different and everybody will be waiting and


watching anxiously to see what the consequences of such an attack will


be. With me is Edgard Jallad. He's the


BBC's Arabic TV editor and was born in Beirut.


One of the first things you said upon seeing this is it is a message


being sent, but what is the message? There are different layers in this


message. Such bombings are not staged for just a simple message.


There will be more than one message. The first one could be


related to the role of are named Syria. This is a major role which is


affecting the whole region. -- the first one could be related to the


role of Iran in Syria. The second layer could be that Iran is getting


closer to an agreement about its nuclear programme with the United


States. We have heard condemnation by secretary Ceri moments ago. - by


by secretary Ceri moments ago. -- by secretary John Kerry. He described


it as a terrorist attack. This will push some countries to be


uncomfortable and unhappy about what has happened. These countries are


very well-known. Israel is not happy. The Iranians openly accused


Israel about this. The other part, and we have heard it a lot do the


experts, they are accusing Saudi Arabia, for example, because it is


not happy about this deal between Iran and the United States. I don't


want to simplify massively, but if you talk about relative bands of


power on Shia/ Sunni tensions, we are driving down to that? It all


relates to the big conflict tween them and the balance of power. An


agreement between Iran and the United States is a big punch to this


balance of power. The Saudis are really worried about the future. By


seeing around sealing a deal with the United States. What about us? --


by seeing Iran sealing a deal. Lebanon is already reeling from the


refugees fleeing from Syria, now this violence in Beirut again, there


must be a fear of more? Cause, Lebanon has always been a regional


mailbox will big messages between superpowers. It is not new, it has


been there since the 70s, including the Cold War between the Soviet


Union and the United States. It went through the war, this is not new. It


is unfortunate for this tiny country the size of Wales here in the United


Kingdom. But at least what we have heard as reactions throughout the


day, politicians from all parties, they are trying to absorb what


happens and to avoid seeing a, seeing it leading to a bigger


internal conflict. Kos at the motions are unleashed between the


Sunnis and the sheer, there will be another terrible war. -- the Sunnis


and the Shia. It has been contained so far. This element has always been


there since the spill-over of the Syrian crisis into Lebanon. You


mention the refugees and the interference, but so far it is not


in the interest of any Lebanese party to get involved all to live


the repercussions of the Syrian crisis. Thank you for coming in


A cyclone has struck the Mediterranean island of Sardinia,


killing at least 18 people. Among the dead was a family of four and a


police officer who drowned when his car was swept away as he was


escorting an ambulance. Around six months' worth of rain fell in about


an hour and a half. The BBC's Matthew Price is in Sardinia and


sent this report. They have seen nothing like it in


decades in this normally Sunkist holiday-makers' paradise. It was,


said one official, apocalyptic. Cyclone Cleopatra poured almost half


a metre of water down on this island in one day. It is what they expect


here in six months. It is the second time. First we had the fire, now it


is water. Look at this mess. We followed some officials down one


Blocked Rd as the rain started to fall again - not what they need


Around the corner, this is what the cyclone had done. There was, we are


told, a war of Tongaat a wall of water. -- there was, we are told, a


wall of water. We are told that water swept right the way over the


top. People here say it must have been eight or nine metres high.


Thousands have been evacuated from their homes, with search and rescue


teams still trying to reach all the affected areas. A family of four


drowned as the water flooded their home. Ridges collapsed, three died


when their car was crushed under one. -- bridges collapsed. A mother


and daughter were killed as their vehicle was swept away in a raging


torrent. There are roadblocks across the northern half of the island,


the northern half of the island making the emergency response even


more difficult. TRANSLATION: There is a crater down


the road. We are still expecting more bad weather. The road could


collapse at any time. The government held an emergency


meeting this morning, setting aside 20 million new rose to help pay for


the temporary housing and rebuilding that is urgently needed -- setting


aside 20 million euros. In South Africa, at least two people


are reported to have died after the roof of a shopping mall that was


under construction collapsed nea rthe east coast city of Durban.


About forty others, believed to be building workers, are still said to


be trapped under the rubble. The BBC's Milton Nkosi is following


the story from Johannesburg. What we know is that in Tongaat, 40


What we know is that in Tongaat 40 kilometres north of Durban, a


construction area which was a building construction which was


going to be a more has collapsed. Some emergency officials are


describing it as the size of a rugby field that has collapsed. We know


that at least 29 people have been injured, some of them critically,


and they have been airlifted to local hospitals. We know that


emergency services, over 100 of them with rescue teams, are on the scene


as we speak with sniffer dogs and using the jaws of life to try to


reach to those who are trapped underneath the rubble. We hear that


at least 50 of those trapped maybe construction workers who were


working on this construction site, which was believed to be a more of


about 15,000 square metres. -- believed to the a mall of.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Police in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, have fired tear gas at


anti-military demonstrators in clashes between supporters and


opponents of the army. It's the second anniversary of a major


confrontation between the security forces and demonstrators in which


more than 40 people were killed. more than 40 people were killed


The Spanish Ambassador in London has been summoned by the UK Government


to explain reports a Spanish ship illegally entered the British port


of Gibraltar. The crew of the ship claimed it was carrying out survey


work with permission from the Spanish authorities. The British


Foreign Office called it a provocative incursion.


Parliamentarians in Strasbourg have approved the first spending cut in


the history of the European Union. After two years of haggling,


approval was given for the long-term approval was given for the long term


budget up to the year 2020, with a real terms cut of 3.5%, 35 billion


new row. This will particularly affect spending on poorer areas.


affect spending on poorer areas Hundreds of police in Paris are


still hunting a gunman who attacked the head offices of a newspaper and


a bank, leaving one man critically wounded. The gunman disappeared


after forcing a motorist to help him escape. New CCTV images have been


issued today, as Christian Fraser reports from Paris.


A new photographs, and is now a much clearer picture of the man police


are hunting. Here is another, the gunman sitting at a Metro station.


Police have had 400 calls from the public already, 120, said the


prosecutor, they are taking seriously. This is the film on


Friday from the headquarters of the 24-hour News Channel. He threatened


staff with a gun but without firing. It was the warning. At the offices


of the newspaper Liberation, yesterday he shot a


the police are on stand-by at Metro stations and at the annual Christmas


market. Those who came into contact with the Government described the


anger and intensity on his face and it is fair to say they said he


wanted to kill. There is a discernible sense of urgency on the


part of the authorities. Memories are fresh in France of a similar


manhunt last year. The gunman killed seven people in ten days.


The recovery effort in the Philippines is picking up momentum.


It is ten days since the devastating super typhoon hit the country and


aid is finally starting to reach even the most remote areas. But


there is increasing criticism of the Government's slow response. Rajesh


Mirchandani has been to a makeshift hospital near Tacloban, one of the


worst hit areas. Some of these people have been waiting in line for


more than three hours. They are not waiting for food or water, they are


waiting for medical help. This is a field hospital run jointly by the


Belgians and the Journal that Germans. It is the only hospital in


this area. Every day they see 2 0 people in this facility. When they


get in this is the first ten. People get their symptoms checked. Then


they are taken further down into the facility. They also check for


infectious diseases. People have been living in not sanitary


conditions. This is a classic time when epidemics could spread. In this


treatment room there is a man who has had a wound on his finger and it


looks pretty nasty. They are telling me he has been in once before, but


this is a checkup three days later. What is wrong with this guy? He has


a big wound on his finger, but this is manageable. That is without


stitching and surgery. This has to be a fully, self-contained facility.


This is the pharmacy that gets regularly restock. There are eight


doctors and 24 nurses. There is an operating theatre and they have seen


all sorts of things. Just the other day they had their first baby born


at the mother called him Gregory. Nearly half a million Somalis live


in Dadaab, a refugee camp in northern Kenyan. 10,000 of them are


third-generation refugees and for most of them Dadaab is home. But how


many of them would return to build their lives in Somalia? Gabriel


Gatehouse sent us this report. An official in the camp has told me


that fewer than 100 people out of a total of 350,000 have asked to go


back. One of the reasons people are so reluctant is this, this primary


school. More than 2500 A lot of parents believe their children would


not get an opportunity if they went back to Somalia. This man has 21


back to Somalia. This man has 2 Jordan. Three wives and 21 children,


almost all of whom were born at Dadaab. For them this is not a


refugee camp. For better or worse it is home. TRANSLATION: When I talk to


my children about going back to Somalia they get scared. They think


it is a mad idea. They cannot go back to Somalia, so the only hope


they have is education. Dadaab is the largest refugee camp


anywhere in the world. Since 1991, anywhere in the world. Since 19 1,


when Somalia collapsed into anarchy, hundreds of them lead and ended up


here. But also some troublemakers and extremists have come. One day


last month a group of local men gathered to watch a football match


on television. At about nine o'clock gunman came in and sprayed fire and


bullets indiscriminately into the crowd. Nobody was killed, but six


were injured and one is still in hospital. They are worried. At night


time nobody comes. We close and we are very afraid. Why do you think


they attack? Without asking as they started shooting as with bullets.


Some Kenyan politicians have said Dadaab has become a nursery for


extremists and it is time the people here went home. On the ground things


seem to be carrying on very much as usual. This timber merchant is


continuing to parcel out bits of wood that will be used in yet more


constructions. Dadaab seems to be becoming more permanent by the day.


Have you ever taken a selfie? You will be in good company if you have,


like this Japanese astronaut at the International Space Station, or


Hillary Clinton or even the Pope and the US president. Oxford dictionary


defines a selfie as a photograph taken by oneself, taken by a


smartphone or a webcam and uploaded to a social media website. Today


they have confirmed it is the Word of the Year. With me is Richard


Holden, the online editor for Oxford dictionaries. Why did that one


appeal? Every year there is a big discussion and argument, but this


year it was obvious. When we looked at monitoring new words we saw it


had a year on year increase about 10,000%, so it was an obvious


candidate. It was staring you in the face? It has two say something about


the year and it defines the year. And looking at some of the ones that


did not make it. What about showrooming? It is where you go into


a shop and look at the products and go home and buy them cheaper online.


We are going to find out whether people recognised the words you were


considering. Our reporter went out to find out whether people


recognised these words. To watch a whole season of a television show.


American, they get it. To binge watch? Meat from the street? If I


said you could do this on the street, what do you think that would


mean? I could go home and I might. Ladies and gentlemen, she has got


it. Yes, we know what it is. But I am not going to do it. Put your hand


up if you know what twerking is. am not going to do it. Put your hand


up if you know what twerking is But will we be talking about them in a


few years time. Some words last like carbon footprint. Some of them are


rather transient. Becoming Word of the Year does not mean that it will


ever be in the dictionary. We look at a bit more longevity than that.


It could disappear without trace. But when you look at carbon


footprint they have become something to do with academic discourse. Some


of them are trivial. There is a real mix between the technical and the


mock local. What does the word selfie say about society? Does it


mean we are all rather vain? It could be, but people have


commissioned self portraits for years. It is easier now than ever,


thanks to technology. Is it something you do as well? Yes, all


the time. I never have. If you are on social media, it is what you do.


You put yourself on the scene. Did the argument get heated. I imagine


all of you are terribly well mannered. In our well mannered way


we usually have arguments, but this year selfie was the obvious choice


and it was a lot less fraught than in previous years. There was also


twerking, bitcoin. Some of them are not going to make it. I am told


there is a new mammal living in the cloud forest. The first mammal found


in the Western Hemisphere, which is why it was thought to be


significant, but it was always going to lose out to selfie. Some


important news. British comedy veterans Monty Python are set to


reunite for a new show. This is their first major collaboration in


30 years. It will come in the form of a theatre show and it will be on


stage. They want a cult following with their madcap television series


between 1969 and 1974, including this dead parrot sketch. All five


surviving members, who are now in their 70s, will be returning for the


show. A double Banning near the Iranian


embassy in the Lebanese capital of Beirut has killed more than 20


people, wounding 150. A news agency in Iran has confirmed a cultural


attache was among the dead. A Lebanese Sunni group linked to


Al-Qaeda said it was behind the attacks. The Foreign Minister said


it was a warning that the region's worsening security needs to be dealt


with. From me and the rest of the team, thanks for staying with us.


There will be an early frost tonight ahead of some wet and windy weather


that is sweeping us overnight and into tomorrow. The strong wind will


exacerbate the cold. The rain could be quite happy for a while. There


will be snow over the Scottish mountains. That rain sweeps


southwards and there is some intense rain over a short period of time.


Though showers may be a touch wintry over the Pennines.


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