25/06/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


The Prime Minister rebuked by the Trial Judge - David Cameron


is criticised for talking about his former spin doctor's conviction


- before the trial is ended. The British Prime Minister said he'd


made the wrong decision to take former News of the World editor


Andy Coulson into Downing Street - but will Coulson's conviction push


him to change the law? A Spanish judge names Princess


Cristina - sister of the new King - as a suspect in a corruption


investigation, paving the way for a possible criminal trial.


Also coming up: FIFA begin disciplinary procedures against


Uruguay striker Luis Suarez after he appears to bite an Italian player.


We know about the poetry that emerged from the trenches of the


First World War, but it also inspired some extraordinary music.


Hello and welcome. British Prime Minister David Cameron has come


under heavy criticism from a judge, campaigners and political opponents,


after his former communications chief Andy Coulson was convicted of


conspiracy to hack phones yesterday. In a highly unusual move, the trial


judge has criticised David Cameron for deciding to apologise for


employing Andy Coulson in Downing Street before the hacking trial was


over. Today the jury was finally discharged after failing to reach


verdicts on two further charges against Andy Coulson and the News of


the World's former Royal editor, Clive Goodman. The judge will decide


on Monday if they are to face a retrial.


Today victims of the hacking have called on David Cameron to make good


on his promises to reform the British press. Rob Watson has this


report. What was described as the trial of


the century has now ended. There was a battle for political advantage


after the trial. David Cameron left Parliament knowing that it would be


a tough session. The Prime Minister will always be remembered as the


first ever occupant of his office who brought a criminal into the


heart of Downing Street. But while Mr Cameron again apologised, he


insisted he had been cleared by the very enquiry that he had ordered.


All appointments were approved by the Leveson Inquiry. He cannot do it


because Leveson Inquiry they could not do it. Voters believe


politicians have been too cosy with the media and politicians also end


rebukes from the judge at the trial. He criticised Mr Cameron for


speaking out on the He criticised Mr Cameron for


speaking verdicts before the trial was completed. The end of the trial


has brought for the trial has brought further demands for


politicians to get tough on the newspapers. This is the sister of


the murdered schoolgirl Milly Dowler whose hacking of her phone had


sparked the scandal and the first place. Make sure what happened to us


will never happen again. But the newspaper industry believes that the


investigation into hacking and overlooks heavy-handed. It did not


result in an guilty of verdict for Rebekah Brooks or four other


defendants. This is not the end of the story and other court cases are


pending. Rupert Murdoch may well be questioned and the debate rumbles


on. report.


Roy Greenslade is Professor of Journalism at City University and a


former editor of The Daily Mirror newspaper. He joins me from


Brighton. What does this case tell you about


the way some British journalism practised their craft? I think it is


quite clear that the dark arts of journalism are generally regarded in


Fleet Street as having reached a market depth --murky depth. Many


people work is great anguish that that appears to have stopped and


there has been a kind of ethical clean-up since the hacking scandal


broke properly in July of 2009. The U think this case will push forward


greater reform, tighter regulation of the press, or do you think the


press will say they have regulated themselves? After the Leveson


Inquiry, that recommended itself a new form of regulation. It is still


self-regulation and that is a continued argument whether that


should be backed by statute or be totally independent. That debate has


largely been won already by the newspaper publishers who are setting


up their new system of price regulation --press regulation. They


will soon be creating a complaint procedure and a code of conduct and


that system will go ahead and I do not think this case will make any


difference to that outcome. They are so far down the road now and the


government knows there is a general election next year and I do not


think any of the party leaders have the appetite to take on the press


and the publishers at this moment. To outside eyes, do you think that


viewers around the world would see any difference after this new


system? I do not think the system will make that much difference but I


think in the intervening 45 years there has been much more of a


clean-up and I think there has also been a move away from the old diet


of kiss and tell stories. --four or five years. The Sun It is much more


friendly and less vulgar and a truism than it was five years ago.


That is the result of the appraisal by all publishers following the


breaking of the scandal. World Cup news now,


and of course everybody's talking about the Uruguayan and Liverpool


striker Luis Suarez. Did he bite Italy's Giorgio


Chiellini last night? There are other matches going


on too on Day 14 of the tournament. It is unfortunate that the incidents


took the focus of some of the beautiful football we witness


yesterday. Luis Suarez has been given up to 17 hours, to make


representations on the Internet and then fever will investigate FIFA --


will investigate. If they do find evidence that he did actually bite


the Italian player during that game, they will investigate further. We


have had two great games in Brazil today. Argentina have


have had two great games in Brazil topped their group. Even though


Nigeria lost by two goals to three, the fact that Bosnia beat Iran meant


that Nigeria finished with four points, in second place ahead of


Bosnia. points, in second place ahead of


This man has flown in from New York. How does it feel? It has been


amazing. We're really excited and we cannot wait to take on probably


France in the next round. It was quite nerve wracking, with a goal


after two minutes? They played well against Bosnia and well against Iran


and they had not conceded a goal up till now so I was confident they


would come back. They could face France in around of 16 or Ecuador.


Who would you pick? We would love to take on the weaker opponent,


Ecuador. You travel back to New York tomorrow. I am flexible so I might


have to make a trip if they make it to the finals. Two very happy


Nigerian fans. The sister of the newly-crowned King


Felipe of Spain could face a a tax fraud and money-laundering


case. Princess Cristina was questioned in court in February


about her husband's business dealings, which are alleged to be


corrupt. Guy Hedgecoe is in Madrid.


A bit of an unprecedented development for the sister of the


monarch to be potentially in court? We have never seen a member of the


Spanish Royal Family in modern times go through this process. It is


worrying for the whole Royal family which is trying to prove itself at


the moment. This is not what they had in mind. Has there been any


statement from the Royals today? There was a brief statement in


reaction to the decision and said that the Royal household accepted


and respected the independence of the judiciary and so they accepted


the decision that had been made. I think this was the king making a


statement he was not getting involved in this case and he does


not want to be seen as influencing this case are helping his sister


somehow. I think Spaniards would view that very dimly so he is keen


to distance himself from this whole case and respect the judiciary is


the case and rivals. He is supposed to be the clean pair of hands after


his father and his popularity diminished. He took office last


Thursday. He is 46 and are very well travelled figure who has really been


groomed for this job. When he took office on Thursday, his first speech


as King mentioned specifically the way he saw his role and the way he


sees the monarchy in the 21st-century. He said the Spanish


Royal Family must be beyond approach and offer an example by being honest


and transparent. Just six days later, he has his sister possibly


facing a court trial for corruption. This is not what he had in mind but


a lot of people do see him as someone they think can take the


monarchy forward and he seems to have more support than his father


did at the end of his time as King. Now, a look at some


of the day?s other news. Police say 21 people have been


killed and 17 injured in a shopping mall explosion


in the Nigerian capital of Abuja. The area was packed with people


at the time of the blast, and body parts are reported to be


scattered across the area. Iraq's Prime Minister Nouri


al-Maliki has rejected calls for a national salvation government


to help counter the offensive He warned such calls represented


a "coup against the constitution and an attempt to


end the democratic experience". The US has repeatedly urged Iraq's


leaders to form a unity government More than 800 Taliban militants have


attacked military checkpoints in Helmand province


in southern Afghanistan. Local officials say there have been


heavy casualties on both sides, as Hundreds of families have walked


long distances to get away The American Secretary of


State John Kerry has urged President Putin to publicly call


on pro-Russian separatists Mr Kerry said that until Russia


took action to prove it was fully committed to peace, the United


States and Europe would be compelled He said that there would be tougher


sanctions if measures were not taken.


We believe it is critical for President Putin to prove by his


actions, not just his words, that he is fully committed to peace.


It is critical for him to stop the flow of weapons


Publicly, for the separatists to lay down their arms.


To pull Russian forces and equipment back.


And to help get the hostages released.


Until Russia fully makes that kind of commitment to the peace process


and to the stability of Ukraine, the United States and Europe are


compelled to continue to prepare greater costs, including tough


economic sanctions, with the hope that they will not have to be used.


But that is dependent on the choices Russia and its president


More than 70 South Korean teenagers who survived the ferry sinking have


returned to school. The trial for the 14 crew members held responsible


is now under way in the south of the country.


They all arrive together, the ones who survived. For many of them, it


was a first glimpse of the campers since they all left together for a


school trip two months ago. Whilst their parents looked on, some


students cried, whilst others are out there heads as they walked


through the school gates. Everything may look the same, but with 250 of


their school friends not returning, it is a difficult time.


TRANSLATION: We were not for get them. Our memories of them may


become memories of guilt and we may feel sorry for them, because there


are many things that we cannot do together.


In a statement, the parents said that they hoped going back to school


would help the children return to their normal lives. It is


frightening to send them back to school, while there pain have not


yet healed, but we support their wishes, the parents said.


Since the tragedy, the surviving students of the school have had


group therapy and psychological treatment. Many of them have


complained about the public spotlight and have asked the media


to stay away. The school authorities have said that in the coming weeks


the teachers will prioritise classes that help the students adapt to


school life. The UK's biggest so-called payday


lender Wonga has been ordered to pay more than ?2.5 million


in compensation after it used fake legal letters to pressurise


struggling customers into paying up. Wonga sent 45,000 people threatening


letters from law firms The City regulator has told the BBC


it has now sent a file to You appear to be in a financial


quandary, and one day you will choose exactly how much to borrow


and for how long. It all seems comforting, but a


different side of Wonga was shown. Bogus law letters sent by bogus law


firms, and an administration fee. The regulator told me that it was


behaviour that should stop. The individuals are often vulnerable


customers who have nowhere else to go for money and then they default


on those loans because they do not have the money to repay. And to


deceive these people with threats of an official letter which is fake I


think it is pretty serious. Here, the details of Wonga's fake


letters. 45,000 customers were said letters from fake law firms. They


would then charged administration fees, which totalled ?400,000.


Country-mac has also admitted that 200,000 customers had overpaid on


their loans -- Wonga. The payday lenders said that they


were sorry for the practices that continued from 2008 until 2010.


Today is not a proud day for the company, and we sincerely apologise


to those affected. We will properly compensate them and these issues are


in the past. Here at the headquarters of the


company, they know that they are the guilty party, but the regulator says


that there are problems across the payday loan industry. There will be


more findings over the next few months. The regulator has also put


Wonga on notice, sort these problems out, or their licence could be in


danger. The documents will be given to the


police, who will decide whether or not to take further action.


Country-mac say that they have changed, now is the time for them to


prove it. -- Wonga. On the centenary of the start


of World War One, across the BBC we're remembering the


music that emerged from the trenches and the way composers were changed


by the carnage across Europe. The poets of World War One,


like Owen and Sassoon, are often celebrated,


but the Great War sparked some We'll hear more in a minute from


BBC Radio Three presenter But first David Hannah looks


at the impact of the war on some MUSIC PLAYS


Edward Elgar with his finer major work, the cello Concerto, giving his


response to the horrors of World War I.


British composers died in the trenches, including George


Butterworth and Cecil Coles. Others, such as Ivor Gurney, ended their


days in mental institutions. MUSIC PLAYS


Ralph Vaughan Williams with his Pastoral Symphony reflected on the


stillness of the battlefield. He was a medical orderly and was


himself gassed. MUSIC PLAYS


And, of course, there was the monstrous sound of battle.


Gustav Holst Mars from the Planets. English music would never be the


same again. With me now is a BBC Radio three


presenter. Thank you for joining us. We heard about how you have both the


optimistic music and the anguish. Yes, one of the interesting things


about all of this in-depth look at the music and the fact that the war


had on the music is that we see many different stories. There is


jingoism, and after the war, as countries are building their sense


of national identity and pride that is there. But there is also the


sense of allergy, which British composers like Ralph Vaughan


Williams were looking at. -- of remembrance. And people who saw the


war were very changed. A lot of it is looking back to a previous


obsession with loss and the loss of the folk music tradition, which


composers were very interested in in the early 20th century, before the


outbreak of war. But that becomes part of the post-war music as well.


Do you also get the move, after the war, like other art forms, that


everything is falling apart, man's in humanity to man, it can lead to


chaotic music? Yes, I think that there were many


composers for whom the First World War got in the way. It is terrible


to say, but many people were already challenging music and pushing the


edges of what we understand to be music. They ended up serving, but he


wanted to get back to writing music. That is in contrast to a composer in


Paris, Ravel, whose music we will be playing live, it is going out across


Europe from Sarajevo, 100 years on it since arch duke Franz Ferdinand


was killed. He was determined to fight, but he was too short, so he


drove a lorry. But for him, the war was a marker for him as a man.


You are about to go to Sarajevo, marking the moment that the Archduke


was shot. But the BBC is looking at the changing of music at that time?


Yes, with Ravel in Paris, he used to visit a jazz clubs. Paris had huge


amounts of jazz, as did many other places in Europe. It was happening


before the war, but it continued. There are many different influences


coming in, and we think about it in terms of supplies and logistics, but


also for courtship? Yes, people were influenced, the


culture was influenced by what was going on. There was one composer who


spent time in mental institutions suffering from shell shock.


Thank you for your insight and telling us about these Sarajevo


concert on Saturday. Thank you for joining us. You can


talk to us about any of our stories on our Twitter page. Goodbye.


Good evening. There is still plenty of fine weather to


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