25/06/2014 World News Today


25/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

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The Prime Minister rebuked by the Trial Judge - David Cameron

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is criticised for talking about his former spin doctor's conviction

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- before the trial is ended. The British Prime Minister said he'd

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made the wrong decision to take former News of the World editor

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Andy Coulson into Downing Street - but will Coulson's conviction push

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him to change the law? A Spanish judge names Princess

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Cristina - sister of the new King - as a suspect in a corruption

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investigation, paving the way for a possible criminal trial.

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Also coming up: FIFA begin disciplinary procedures against

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Uruguay striker Luis Suarez after he appears to bite an Italian player.

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We know about the poetry that emerged from the trenches of the

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First World War, but it also inspired some extraordinary music.

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Hello and welcome. British Prime Minister David Cameron has come

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under heavy criticism from a judge, campaigners and political opponents,

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after his former communications chief Andy Coulson was convicted of

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conspiracy to hack phones yesterday. In a highly unusual move, the trial

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judge has criticised David Cameron for deciding to apologise for

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employing Andy Coulson in Downing Street before the hacking trial was

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over. Today the jury was finally discharged after failing to reach

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verdicts on two further charges against Andy Coulson and the News of

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the World's former Royal editor, Clive Goodman. The judge will decide

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on Monday if they are to face a retrial.

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Today victims of the hacking have called on David Cameron to make good

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on his promises to reform the British press. Rob Watson has this

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report. What was described as the trial of

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the century has now ended. There was a battle for political advantage

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after the trial. David Cameron left Parliament knowing that it would be

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a tough session. The Prime Minister will always be remembered as the

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first ever occupant of his office who brought a criminal into the

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heart of Downing Street. But while Mr Cameron again apologised, he

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insisted he had been cleared by the very enquiry that he had ordered.

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All appointments were approved by the Leveson Inquiry. He cannot do it

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because Leveson Inquiry they could not do it. Voters believe

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politicians have been too cosy with the media and politicians also end

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rebukes from the judge at the trial. He criticised Mr Cameron for

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speaking out on the He criticised Mr Cameron for

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speaking verdicts before the trial was completed. The end of the trial

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has brought for the trial has brought further demands for

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politicians to get tough on the newspapers. This is the sister of

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the murdered schoolgirl Milly Dowler whose hacking of her phone had

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sparked the scandal and the first place. Make sure what happened to us

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will never happen again. But the newspaper industry believes that the

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investigation into hacking and overlooks heavy-handed. It did not

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result in an guilty of verdict for Rebekah Brooks or four other

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defendants. This is not the end of the story and other court cases are

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pending. Rupert Murdoch may well be questioned and the debate rumbles

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on. report.

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Roy Greenslade is Professor of Journalism at City University and a

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former editor of The Daily Mirror newspaper. He joins me from

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Brighton. What does this case tell you about

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the way some British journalism practised their craft? I think it is

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quite clear that the dark arts of journalism are generally regarded in

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Fleet Street as having reached a market depth --murky depth. Many

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people work is great anguish that that appears to have stopped and

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there has been a kind of ethical clean-up since the hacking scandal

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broke properly in July of 2009. The U think this case will push forward

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greater reform, tighter regulation of the press, or do you think the

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press will say they have regulated themselves? After the Leveson

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Inquiry, that recommended itself a new form of regulation. It is still

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self-regulation and that is a continued argument whether that

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should be backed by statute or be totally independent. That debate has

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largely been won already by the newspaper publishers who are setting

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up their new system of price regulation --press regulation. They

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will soon be creating a complaint procedure and a code of conduct and

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that system will go ahead and I do not think this case will make any

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difference to that outcome. They are so far down the road now and the

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government knows there is a general election next year and I do not

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think any of the party leaders have the appetite to take on the press

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and the publishers at this moment. To outside eyes, do you think that

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viewers around the world would see any difference after this new

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system? I do not think the system will make that much difference but I

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think in the intervening 45 years there has been much more of a

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clean-up and I think there has also been a move away from the old diet

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of kiss and tell stories. --four or five years. The Sun It is much more

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friendly and less vulgar and a truism than it was five years ago.

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That is the result of the appraisal by all publishers following the

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breaking of the scandal. World Cup news now,

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and of course everybody's talking about the Uruguayan and Liverpool

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striker Luis Suarez. Did he bite Italy's Giorgio

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Chiellini last night? There are other matches going

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on too on Day 14 of the tournament. It is unfortunate that the incidents

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took the focus of some of the beautiful football we witness

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yesterday. Luis Suarez has been given up to 17 hours, to make

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representations on the Internet and then fever will investigate FIFA --

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will investigate. If they do find evidence that he did actually bite

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the Italian player during that game, they will investigate further. We

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have had two great games in Brazil today. Argentina have

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have had two great games in Brazil topped their group. Even though

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Nigeria lost by two goals to three, the fact that Bosnia beat Iran meant

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that Nigeria finished with four points, in second place ahead of

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Bosnia. points, in second place ahead of

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This man has flown in from New York. How does it feel? It has been

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amazing. We're really excited and we cannot wait to take on probably

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France in the next round. It was quite nerve wracking, with a goal

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after two minutes? They played well against Bosnia and well against Iran

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and they had not conceded a goal up till now so I was confident they

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would come back. They could face France in around of 16 or Ecuador.

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Who would you pick? We would love to take on the weaker opponent,

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Ecuador. You travel back to New York tomorrow. I am flexible so I might

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have to make a trip if they make it to the finals. Two very happy

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Nigerian fans. The sister of the newly-crowned King

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Felipe of Spain could face a a tax fraud and money-laundering

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case. Princess Cristina was questioned in court in February

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about her husband's business dealings, which are alleged to be

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corrupt. Guy Hedgecoe is in Madrid.

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A bit of an unprecedented development for the sister of the

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monarch to be potentially in court? We have never seen a member of the

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Spanish Royal Family in modern times go through this process. It is

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worrying for the whole Royal family which is trying to prove itself at

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the moment. This is not what they had in mind. Has there been any

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statement from the Royals today? There was a brief statement in

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reaction to the decision and said that the Royal household accepted

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and respected the independence of the judiciary and so they accepted

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the decision that had been made. I think this was the king making a

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statement he was not getting involved in this case and he does

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not want to be seen as influencing this case are helping his sister

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somehow. I think Spaniards would view that very dimly so he is keen

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to distance himself from this whole case and respect the judiciary is

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the case and rivals. He is supposed to be the clean pair of hands after

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his father and his popularity diminished. He took office last

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Thursday. He is 46 and are very well travelled figure who has really been

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groomed for this job. When he took office on Thursday, his first speech

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as King mentioned specifically the way he saw his role and the way he

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sees the monarchy in the 21st-century. He said the Spanish

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Royal Family must be beyond approach and offer an example by being honest

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and transparent. Just six days later, he has his sister possibly

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facing a court trial for corruption. This is not what he had in mind but

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a lot of people do see him as someone they think can take the

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monarchy forward and he seems to have more support than his father

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did at the end of his time as King. Now, a look at some

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of the day?s other news. Police say 21 people have been

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killed and 17 injured in a shopping mall explosion

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in the Nigerian capital of Abuja. The area was packed with people

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at the time of the blast, and body parts are reported to be

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scattered across the area. Iraq's Prime Minister Nouri

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al-Maliki has rejected calls for a national salvation government

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to help counter the offensive He warned such calls represented

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a "coup against the constitution and an attempt to

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end the democratic experience". The US has repeatedly urged Iraq's

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leaders to form a unity government More than 800 Taliban militants have

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attacked military checkpoints in Helmand province

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in southern Afghanistan. Local officials say there have been

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heavy casualties on both sides, as Hundreds of families have walked

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long distances to get away The American Secretary of

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State John Kerry has urged President Putin to publicly call

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on pro-Russian separatists Mr Kerry said that until Russia

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took action to prove it was fully committed to peace, the United

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States and Europe would be compelled He said that there would be tougher

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sanctions if measures were not taken.

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We believe it is critical for President Putin to prove by his

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actions, not just his words, that he is fully committed to peace.

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It is critical for him to stop the flow of weapons

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Publicly, for the separatists to lay down their arms.

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To pull Russian forces and equipment back.

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And to help get the hostages released.

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Until Russia fully makes that kind of commitment to the peace process

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and to the stability of Ukraine, the United States and Europe are

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compelled to continue to prepare greater costs, including tough

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economic sanctions, with the hope that they will not have to be used.

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But that is dependent on the choices Russia and its president

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More than 70 South Korean teenagers who survived the ferry sinking have

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returned to school. The trial for the 14 crew members held responsible

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is now under way in the south of the country.

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They all arrive together, the ones who survived. For many of them, it

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was a first glimpse of the campers since they all left together for a

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school trip two months ago. Whilst their parents looked on, some

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students cried, whilst others are out there heads as they walked

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through the school gates. Everything may look the same, but with 250 of

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their school friends not returning, it is a difficult time.

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TRANSLATION: We were not for get them. Our memories of them may

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become memories of guilt and we may feel sorry for them, because there

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are many things that we cannot do together.

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In a statement, the parents said that they hoped going back to school

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would help the children return to their normal lives. It is

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frightening to send them back to school, while there pain have not

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yet healed, but we support their wishes, the parents said.

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Since the tragedy, the surviving students of the school have had

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group therapy and psychological treatment. Many of them have

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complained about the public spotlight and have asked the media

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to stay away. The school authorities have said that in the coming weeks

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the teachers will prioritise classes that help the students adapt to

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school life. The UK's biggest so-called payday

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lender Wonga has been ordered to pay more than ?2.5 million

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in compensation after it used fake legal letters to pressurise

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struggling customers into paying up. Wonga sent 45,000 people threatening

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letters from law firms The City regulator has told the BBC

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it has now sent a file to You appear to be in a financial

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quandary, and one day you will choose exactly how much to borrow

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and for how long. It all seems comforting, but a

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different side of Wonga was shown. Bogus law letters sent by bogus law

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firms, and an administration fee. The regulator told me that it was

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behaviour that should stop. The individuals are often vulnerable

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customers who have nowhere else to go for money and then they default

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on those loans because they do not have the money to repay. And to

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deceive these people with threats of an official letter which is fake I

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think it is pretty serious. Here, the details of Wonga's fake

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letters. 45,000 customers were said letters from fake law firms. They

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would then charged administration fees, which totalled ?400,000.

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Country-mac has also admitted that 200,000 customers had overpaid on

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their loans -- Wonga. The payday lenders said that they

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were sorry for the practices that continued from 2008 until 2010.

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Today is not a proud day for the company, and we sincerely apologise

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to those affected. We will properly compensate them and these issues are

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in the past. Here at the headquarters of the

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company, they know that they are the guilty party, but the regulator says

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that there are problems across the payday loan industry. There will be

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more findings over the next few months. The regulator has also put

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Wonga on notice, sort these problems out, or their licence could be in

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danger. The documents will be given to the

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police, who will decide whether or not to take further action.

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Country-mac say that they have changed, now is the time for them to

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prove it. -- Wonga. On the centenary of the start

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of World War One, across the BBC we're remembering the

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music that emerged from the trenches and the way composers were changed

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by the carnage across Europe. The poets of World War One,

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like Owen and Sassoon, are often celebrated,

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but the Great War sparked some We'll hear more in a minute from

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BBC Radio Three presenter But first David Hannah looks

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at the impact of the war on some MUSIC PLAYS

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Edward Elgar with his finer major work, the cello Concerto, giving his

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response to the horrors of World War I.

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British composers died in the trenches, including George

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Butterworth and Cecil Coles. Others, such as Ivor Gurney, ended their

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days in mental institutions. MUSIC PLAYS

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Ralph Vaughan Williams with his Pastoral Symphony reflected on the

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stillness of the battlefield. He was a medical orderly and was

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himself gassed. MUSIC PLAYS

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And, of course, there was the monstrous sound of battle.

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Gustav Holst Mars from the Planets. English music would never be the

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same again. With me now is a BBC Radio three

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presenter. Thank you for joining us. We heard about how you have both the

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optimistic music and the anguish. Yes, one of the interesting things

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about all of this in-depth look at the music and the fact that the war

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had on the music is that we see many different stories. There is

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jingoism, and after the war, as countries are building their sense

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of national identity and pride that is there. But there is also the

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sense of allergy, which British composers like Ralph Vaughan

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Williams were looking at. -- of remembrance. And people who saw the

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war were very changed. A lot of it is looking back to a previous

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obsession with loss and the loss of the folk music tradition, which

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composers were very interested in in the early 20th century, before the

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outbreak of war. But that becomes part of the post-war music as well.

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Do you also get the move, after the war, like other art forms, that

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everything is falling apart, man's in humanity to man, it can lead to

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chaotic music? Yes, I think that there were many

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composers for whom the First World War got in the way. It is terrible

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to say, but many people were already challenging music and pushing the

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edges of what we understand to be music. They ended up serving, but he

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wanted to get back to writing music. That is in contrast to a composer in

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Paris, Ravel, whose music we will be playing live, it is going out across

:24:56.:25:04.

Europe from Sarajevo, 100 years on it since arch duke Franz Ferdinand

:25:05.:25:13.

was killed. He was determined to fight, but he was too short, so he

:25:14.:25:20.

drove a lorry. But for him, the war was a marker for him as a man.

:25:21.:25:28.

You are about to go to Sarajevo, marking the moment that the Archduke

:25:29.:25:34.

was shot. But the BBC is looking at the changing of music at that time?

:25:35.:25:42.

Yes, with Ravel in Paris, he used to visit a jazz clubs. Paris had huge

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amounts of jazz, as did many other places in Europe. It was happening

:25:52.:25:57.

before the war, but it continued. There are many different influences

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coming in, and we think about it in terms of supplies and logistics, but

:26:03.:26:06.

also for courtship? Yes, people were influenced, the

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culture was influenced by what was going on. There was one composer who

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spent time in mental institutions suffering from shell shock.

:26:23.:26:30.

Thank you for your insight and telling us about these Sarajevo

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concert on Saturday. Thank you for joining us. You can

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talk to us about any of our stories on our Twitter page. Goodbye.

:26:42.:27:00.

Good evening. There is still plenty of fine weather to

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