The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Kasia Madera.
On a knife edge - that's how the United Nations is describing
where Israeli strikes have pounded the territory for the third day.
Palestinian officials say at least 78 people have been killed
Civilian casualties increase in Gaza as Israeli and Palestinian militants
trade rocket attacks. The UN urges a cease-fire. Our paramount concern is
the safety and well-being of all civilians, no matter where they are.
It pains me, and it should pain us all.
Emergency laws, expelled diplomats and thwarted bomb plots.
We look at the issue of surevillance in Europe.
Also coming up, a month after major Iraqi cities
fell under the control of the Sunni militant group ISIS,
we look at what their long term strategy could be.
Hello and a warm welcome to the programme.
Israel has today continued its campaign of air strikes on Gaza
amid further rocket attacks from Palestinian militants.
After three days of hostilities, the death toll in Gaza has risen to
over 80 according to health officials there.
There have been no Israeli fatalities over the same period.
Israel says it wants to eliminate the threat of rocket attacks
from Gaza for good, while Hamas says Israel must stop
its blockade of Gaza and release Palestinian prisoners.
From Khan Younis, the scene of one of the Israeli attacks,
In the Khan Younis refugee camp, the bodies kept coming. This was the
funeral of this family. A mother and a father killed alongside their six
children. They were asleep in their beds when the Israeli air strike
hit. It flattened their home. There was little left to salvage. In
total, 17 people were killed at Khan Younis, the worst nights so far for
Gaza. They did not warn us, says their neighbour, it was the first
time they hit a house without any warning. The Israeli military
usually gives advance notice of an attack. The family did not receive
it. It is not yet clear why Israel bombed this particular site.
Families live cheek by jowl. These were the homes to six separate
families, all of whom have been destroyed. Israel says it is
investigating what happened here, but in Khan Younis there is anger.
They want to destroy Palestinian, but we can save this land because
this is our land. Hamas continued to attack Israel. Rockets hit this
home. It landed in the children's playroom. The family were not home.
When the siren sound, Israeli people run for cover. Hamas rockets are
reaching further and deeper into the country. As long as they keep
coming, Israel says it will keep it in Gaza. It blames high Mass for any
civilian casualties. Israel has taken great measures to avoid
harming innocent civilians. Israeli defence forces war Gaza of imminent
strikes. At the same time, Hamas instructs civilians to stand on the
roof of those buildings and act as human shields. Israeli tanks began
taking up positions near Gaza today. This has already been costly for
civilians. It's one month since
Iraq's second city, Mosul, fell to the Sunni
militant group ISIS. Since then the group has
swept across the country. They've taken control
of vast areas in the north and west of Iraq,
including the town of Tikrit, and there's been
fierce fighting in Fallujah. The self proclaimed Islamic state
now extends from the Syrian province of Aleppo
to the city of Diyala in Iraq, and this yellow area is
the territory As the crisis continues to unfold,
the Kurdish leader has called on Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to
step down, saying he is "becoming
hysterical" after Mr. Maliki accused the Kurds of
harbouring jihadists. Richard Barrett is Vice President of
the Soufan private security group and a former coordinator of the UN's
Al-Qaeda-Taliban Monitoring Team. Thank you very much for joining the
programme. ISIS has taken control of this large area, it has proclaimed
itself, it is one thing taking control, it is a completely
different thing running an area such as this. Tell us in your opinion,
have they got the capabilities of doing that? You make a very good
point, it is much more difficult to run an area under your control than
just to capture it. Their recruits so far have been soldiers, they have
called out now for administrators to join and other people who can help
them as technocrats to govern the areas they now control. But where
those people are going to come from, they are not motivated in the same
way as the fighters, they have a task on their hands there. How have
they become so successful? I think there are two Mac reasons. First of
all, they have managed to gain a whole lot of momentum by looking
very effective on the battlefield, first in Syria and now in Iraq. At
the flip side is that the opponents have looked so weak. Success brings
success, as they have been able to advance more people have joined
them, not necessarily because they are ideologically aligned, but
because they see ISIS is perhaps giving them a chance to gain
territory and influence, reading influence -- regain influence. Local
Sunni tribes and people associated with the Saddam Hussein regime. They
have also been effectively using social media. A posted gruesome
images online. They have, that seems to be the main way they have
attracted young fighters from overseas, through social media. They
make it all look like good fun. They are banned -- a band of brothers
together. But they are very intolerant and violent. This is a
black and white group, you are either for or against them. If you
are against them you had better watch out because you will probably
not survive. People joining them will probably get disillusioned
quickly, and feel that they ought to try and escape. That will affect the
momentum as well. We're seeing swathes of refugees fleeing from the
areas they now control. Yes, it is enormously disruptive, hundreds of
thousands of Iraqis displaced on top of the millions of Syrians displaced
by the fighting there. It is a very serious humanitarian problem. The
Islamic state will have to deal with that. What is it going to do to
provide people who are displaced in its areas of operation with food and
water, health and sanitation? This is not an easy problem, even for an
organisation like the United Nations. For a ragtag army of
Islamist fighters, it will maybe you beyond their reach. They have got
much wealth and resources, they are not that ragtag. I would still say
they are ragtag. If you look at what they have done as a terrorist group,
they are very effective and have been able to infiltrate places over
many months and soften them up so they could take it quickly. They
have been able to make alliances and so on, they have been able to rely
on people who have many skills. In essence, the Islamic state is not a
very big band of people who do not have very much experience in running
something. They have always been fighters rather than administrators.
Ragtag you may find to severe criticism, but nevertheless I do not
think they are a particularly competent force. They do not have
established procedures for establishing a great many soldiers,
let alone a great member that man -- let alone a great many civilians.
Thank you very much for your expertise.
Here in the UK, emergency powers to ensure police and security services
can continue to access phone and internet records
Prime Minister David Cameron said urgent action was needed to
protect the public from "criminals and terrorists"
after the European Court of Justice struck down existing powers.
But civil liberties campaigners have warned
Who did you called last year? Who did you text and e-mail? When did
you do it, we were you at the time? That is not just your business, see
the police and security services, it is the business. They say they need
the data to keep you safe. Emergency legislation has been drawn
up with all-party support... This morning the Cabinet was summoned to
Downing Street to be told that the three main party leaders had agreed
that emergency new laws were needed. Two Mac hours later, the prime
Minister, who have disagreed over these issues, faced the media to
make their case together. We face real and credible threats to our
security. Serious organised, from the activity of paedophiles, the
collapse of Syria, the growth of ISIS in Iraq, and I am simply not
prepared to be a prime minister who has to address this after a
terrorist incident and explain that I could have done more to prevent
it. These powers have already been used to help find the killers of
this 11-year-old. To stop terrorist plots to blow up planes. But now
there is a problem. Judges at the European Court of Justice ruled
three months ago but the EU law under which these operations were
carried out is no longer legal. Companies like Vodafone post that
they protect their companies -- customers' privacy. If the law is
unclear, ministers would face pressure to destroy the data they
now hold. But why does a new law need to be published and passed?
Does history not war is to be very suspicious of politicians who say,
we all agree, there is an emergency, we need to legislate in
haste. I am not standing here asking for new powers and capabilities. I
am standing here saying we need to legislate, very rapidly, to keep
those powers that we have. Nick Clegg says he has insisted on
safeguards. It will fall, in December 2016. We are not depending
permanently on the statute. The powers that will be passed next week
will not give the state new powers to read our messages or to listen
into our phone calls. But the politicians are under pressure from
the police and the security services to take that step in future. But
thanks to the revelations of this man, Edward Snowden, the politicians
face pressure to snoop less and to be more transparent about what they
are doing. We have engaged in detailed discussions with the
government to ensure the right safeguards are in place, because
there are do need to be safeguards when it comes to these kind of
issues. The party leaders may agree for now but backbenchers are worried
on both sides either rush to action. British people are not stupid or
ideological when it comes to this kind of thing. Why can they not have
time to discuss it with elected representatives? Whatever happens,
the debate about who should be able to read and listen to what has long
way to go. He's the Executive Director of
The Open Rights Group which campaigns for
digital openness. National Security Council is
privacy, it is a small price to pay to be safe to lose a bit of privacy,
surely? This is not ever a dichotomy between privacy and security.
Generally speaking it is personal security and how that might be
affected by the removal of privacy. The big problem is if the status
collective, as it is, then can abuse, police can overuse powers,
the future police can abuse their powers in the future, candidate be
accessed by people it shouldn't? We have recently seen scandalous things
with the police and the use of traditional surveillance powers
putting surveillance into environmental groups, Doreen
Lawrence's campaign to find out what the police were doing with her
family. The police are not above using surveillance in ways which are
deeply inappropriate. You should limit surveillance to what is
absolutely necessary, and you should make sure the courts are supervising
what the police do. Those are crucial safeguards that the European
Court of Justice demanded, they are absent in this bill. We should be
debating why they are absent and whether we really need them. We are
talking about communications data, not the actual conversations. It is
which numbers you called, what time you called them, when the Crown
Prosecution Service says that 95% of all serious organised cases, handled
by the CPS, meta data was used, essential. Surely it is a small
price to pay? No, meta data is extremely important in crime, but
equally it is something that tells a lot about who you are, what you are
doing, where you are, who your friends are. We give up a lot of
that information quite willingly on Facebook and different website.
Again that's a problem, and you need to be able to control the
relationships you are having with these private companies. They are
not meant to be storing it and holding it. This bill goes in the
opposite direction. It says you must store it and hoard it because the
police might want to use it. If you allow anybody to start gathering
this information, saying, you must gather this information, just think
we're that could go and how many things. It is easy for this
principle to get out of hand. Only when you need this data should you
be storing it. On suspect identified in this country, 121 arrests were
made possible in suspected cases, compared to Germany, where there is
no such arrangement as we have here. Out of 377 German suspects, there
were no arrests. This information will be held for 12 months. It seems
a small price to pay for 121 arrests. Germany should be having
data freezing arrangements to make it possible to make this kind of
investigation. That should be in place. But we are not talking about
that at the moment. Paedophiles, other kinds of investigations, it is
possible to decide who you are interested in and then decide to
keep the data about those individuals. This isn't about
removing the capability of the police to investigate, it is about
making them be a bit more careful about who and when they target, and
also about restraining the possibility of abuse. I am sure we
could talk about this all evening but we are out of time. Thank you.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
More than a million public sector workers are on a one-day strike in
the UK today in a dispute over pay, pensions and working conditions.
They include teachers, firefighters, refuse collectors and council staff.
Unions say it's the biggest strike to hit the Government since
Ministers say they can't afford large pay increases.
All Catholic Church processions in a small,
southern diocese in Italy have been suspended by the local bishop.
This is after it emerged that a parade took
a detour in order to salute a mafia boss who was under house arrest.
The mayor, police and priests were among the crowds following
the large statue of the Virgin Mary as it wound its way through
the town of Oppido Mamertina, before altering its route.
The incident has caused national outrage.
One of South Africa's most notorious figures
from the apartheid era has seen his hopes for parole quashed today.
Eugene De Kock, former commander of South Africa's police, is serving a
212-year prison sentence for crimes committed in the apartheid era.
From the early 1980s his counter-insurgency unit hunted down
He was part of the team that blew up the
De Kock was found guilty on 89 charges, including murder,
but has claimed he was only acting on orders.
Tropical Storm Neoguri, which killed three people in the south of Japan
and injured several others, has been downgraded but is still causing
considerable damage, as Jenny Wivell reports.
The effect of several days of torrential rain. Typhoon Neoguri
might have weakened to a Tropical Storm Washi its path of devastation
is stretching further and further afield. Here in central Japan,
conditions are perilous. Landslides have decimated huge areas of the
countryside. TRANSLATION: I thought it was an
earthquake at first and then Earth and sand flowed into the house. I
was clinging to a wooden pillar. Here, a 12-year-old boy was killed
when his house was swept away, just ten minutes before he was due to be
evacuated. Two men also died when they fell into irrigation ditches.
TRANSLATION: It is always scary at this time of year when there is
heavy rainfall. When the storm ploughed into the western shore of
this island, it was gusting at 126 mph. -- kilometres per hour. Bridges
have been destroyed, cars overturned and railway lines ripped from the
ground. Hundreds of flights and trains have been cancelled,
including the bullet, which connects cities. Workers have a ready started
to clear up debris after the storm, but as the rain continues to fall,
concern over the next 24 hours is spreading across the rest of Japan.
Well, it's not just the UK's security that is under scrutiny.
In France, details have emerged of an alleged Al-Qaeda plot
a year ago to blow up landmarks, including the Eiffel Tower.
The revelations coincide with the government's announcement
If you are looking for a very high-profile target in France, the
first place you would think of is the Eiffel Tower, and it does seem
that the Eiffel Tower was on the list of potential targets of this
alleged would-be jihadist, whose e-mails have been published in the
French media. One way, is said, of carrying jet had into France would
be to attack the ordinary French in bars and markets, but another way
would be to hit national monuments, like nuclear power stations, or like
the Eiffel Tower. This man, a year ago, was about to travel out to
southern Algeria for a training camp when he was arrested. The
intelligence services stepped in and picked him up. It doesn't seem that
this plan was anything more than rudimentary. There is no suggestion
that anything was about to happen, but this is the point, it is exactly
this type of contact between radicalised French nationalists,
residents here, and foreign-based jihadi groups, that is the nightmare
of French governments. And now, with hundreds of people travelling out to
Syria to join ISIS and other extremist groups out there, the fear
is that some of them will return to France, motivated, desensitised to
the most appalling violence, and ready to carry the fight back here
in France. Reports from Berlin say the German
government is to expel a top American diplomat who represents the
secret service at the US embassy. A representative for the country's
parliament said the action is being taken because of American spying
on German politicians, and failure to cooperate with German
attempts to get information. Steve, the relationship between
Germany and the US was not exactly amicable to begin with. This will
make it even worse. A year ago it looked very amicable. President
Obama came to Berlin and was greeted by Chancellor Merkel, very friendly
body language, and it looks like a sunny relationship. But it then
transpired that her mobile phone was being eavesdropped by his security
people in the embassy. In the last month we have had the revelation,
the discovery of two American agents working for the German government.
One of them actually working with secret documents for a parliamentary
committee actually investigating spying. Given all that, there has
been anger among German politicians. Chancellor Merkel and
other politicians have gone to the American government and said, can
you explain this, can you assure us that is not going to happen? They
have not had satisfaction, so the government, and that means her in
this case, has decided that the man responsible for security matters in
the embassy, the man, the CIA person, man or woman, we don't know,
will be expelled. The German government does not use the word
expelled. It says, asked to leave, but it is expelled. It is certainly
different from the amicable pictures of the two families together. What
do they do next? How do they try to bridge the gap and bring those
relationships back together? They keep talking, I think. Angela Merkel
is in a difficult position. Because she is angry. She was angry and
probably remains angry. But at the same time, she is quite pragmatic,
and she doesn't want to dent this relationship more than she has to.
But with each new revelation, people around her in the Parliament get
more difficult to control, if you like, as she might see it. At some
stage, without some kind of threat of a worsening of relationships that
harms real politics, if you like, it's hard to see how anything
changes, apart from continued grouchy nurse. -- continued grouchy
behaviour. An American pilot whose flight was
forced to land because of bad weather managed to keep
his passengers happy when they were forced to sit in
the plane for hours on the ground. Speaking to BBC Radio,
Captain Bradner explained his decision to order 50 takeaway
pizzas to be delivered to I ordered half cheese
and half pepperoni, a safe choice, And we consider the passengers
our extended family. And once they set foot on my
aircraft, I will take care of them. If that includes feeding them,
so be it. The president of the company called
me and insisted on reimbursing me. I am not a hero,
I just ordered pizza. In has been a mixed bag of weather
over the last 24