10/07/2014 World News Today


10/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:00.

On a knife edge - that's how the United Nations is describing

:00:00.:00:08.

where Israeli strikes have pounded the territory for the third day.

:00:09.:00:14.

Palestinian officials say at least 78 people have been killed

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Civilian casualties increase in Gaza as Israeli and Palestinian militants

:00:18.:00:32.

trade rocket attacks. The UN urges a cease-fire. Our paramount concern is

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the safety and well-being of all civilians, no matter where they are.

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It pains me, and it should pain us all.

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Emergency laws, expelled diplomats and thwarted bomb plots.

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We look at the issue of surevillance in Europe.

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Also coming up, a month after major Iraqi cities

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fell under the control of the Sunni militant group ISIS,

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we look at what their long term strategy could be.

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Hello and a warm welcome to the programme.

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Israel has today continued its campaign of air strikes on Gaza

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amid further rocket attacks from Palestinian militants.

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After three days of hostilities, the death toll in Gaza has risen to

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over 80 according to health officials there.

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There have been no Israeli fatalities over the same period.

:01:31.:01:33.

Israel says it wants to eliminate the threat of rocket attacks

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from Gaza for good, while Hamas says Israel must stop

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its blockade of Gaza and release Palestinian prisoners.

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From Khan Younis, the scene of one of the Israeli attacks,

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In the Khan Younis refugee camp, the bodies kept coming. This was the

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funeral of this family. A mother and a father killed alongside their six

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children. They were asleep in their beds when the Israeli air strike

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hit. It flattened their home. There was little left to salvage. In

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total, 17 people were killed at Khan Younis, the worst nights so far for

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Gaza. They did not warn us, says their neighbour, it was the first

:02:38.:02:41.

time they hit a house without any warning. The Israeli military

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usually gives advance notice of an attack. The family did not receive

:02:46.:02:53.

it. It is not yet clear why Israel bombed this particular site.

:02:54.:03:00.

Families live cheek by jowl. These were the homes to six separate

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families, all of whom have been destroyed. Israel says it is

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investigating what happened here, but in Khan Younis there is anger.

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They want to destroy Palestinian, but we can save this land because

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this is our land. Hamas continued to attack Israel. Rockets hit this

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home. It landed in the children's playroom. The family were not home.

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When the siren sound, Israeli people run for cover. Hamas rockets are

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reaching further and deeper into the country. As long as they keep

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coming, Israel says it will keep it in Gaza. It blames high Mass for any

:03:50.:03:56.

civilian casualties. Israel has taken great measures to avoid

:03:57.:03:59.

harming innocent civilians. Israeli defence forces war Gaza of imminent

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strikes. At the same time, Hamas instructs civilians to stand on the

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roof of those buildings and act as human shields. Israeli tanks began

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taking up positions near Gaza today. This has already been costly for

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civilians. It's one month since

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Iraq's second city, Mosul, fell to the Sunni

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militant group ISIS. Since then the group has

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swept across the country. They've taken control

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of vast areas in the north and west of Iraq,

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including the town of Tikrit, and there's been

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fierce fighting in Fallujah. The self proclaimed Islamic state

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now extends from the Syrian province of Aleppo

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to the city of Diyala in Iraq, and this yellow area is

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the territory As the crisis continues to unfold,

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the Kurdish leader has called on Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to

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step down, saying he is "becoming

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hysterical" after Mr. Maliki accused the Kurds of

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harbouring jihadists. Richard Barrett is Vice President of

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the Soufan private security group and a former coordinator of the UN's

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Al-Qaeda-Taliban Monitoring Team. Thank you very much for joining the

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programme. ISIS has taken control of this large area, it has proclaimed

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itself, it is one thing taking control, it is a completely

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different thing running an area such as this. Tell us in your opinion,

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have they got the capabilities of doing that? You make a very good

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point, it is much more difficult to run an area under your control than

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just to capture it. Their recruits so far have been soldiers, they have

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called out now for administrators to join and other people who can help

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them as technocrats to govern the areas they now control. But where

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those people are going to come from, they are not motivated in the same

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way as the fighters, they have a task on their hands there. How have

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they become so successful? I think there are two Mac reasons. First of

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all, they have managed to gain a whole lot of momentum by looking

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very effective on the battlefield, first in Syria and now in Iraq. At

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the flip side is that the opponents have looked so weak. Success brings

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success, as they have been able to advance more people have joined

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them, not necessarily because they are ideologically aligned, but

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because they see ISIS is perhaps giving them a chance to gain

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territory and influence, reading influence -- regain influence. Local

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Sunni tribes and people associated with the Saddam Hussein regime. They

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have also been effectively using social media. A posted gruesome

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images online. They have, that seems to be the main way they have

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attracted young fighters from overseas, through social media. They

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make it all look like good fun. They are banned -- a band of brothers

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together. But they are very intolerant and violent. This is a

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black and white group, you are either for or against them. If you

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are against them you had better watch out because you will probably

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not survive. People joining them will probably get disillusioned

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quickly, and feel that they ought to try and escape. That will affect the

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momentum as well. We're seeing swathes of refugees fleeing from the

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areas they now control. Yes, it is enormously disruptive, hundreds of

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thousands of Iraqis displaced on top of the millions of Syrians displaced

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by the fighting there. It is a very serious humanitarian problem. The

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Islamic state will have to deal with that. What is it going to do to

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provide people who are displaced in its areas of operation with food and

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water, health and sanitation? This is not an easy problem, even for an

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organisation like the United Nations. For a ragtag army of

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Islamist fighters, it will maybe you beyond their reach. They have got

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much wealth and resources, they are not that ragtag. I would still say

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they are ragtag. If you look at what they have done as a terrorist group,

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they are very effective and have been able to infiltrate places over

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many months and soften them up so they could take it quickly. They

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have been able to make alliances and so on, they have been able to rely

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on people who have many skills. In essence, the Islamic state is not a

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very big band of people who do not have very much experience in running

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something. They have always been fighters rather than administrators.

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Ragtag you may find to severe criticism, but nevertheless I do not

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think they are a particularly competent force. They do not have

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established procedures for establishing a great many soldiers,

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let alone a great member that man -- let alone a great many civilians.

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Thank you very much for your expertise.

:09:41.:09:42.

Here in the UK, emergency powers to ensure police and security services

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can continue to access phone and internet records

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Prime Minister David Cameron said urgent action was needed to

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protect the public from "criminals and terrorists"

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after the European Court of Justice struck down existing powers.

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But civil liberties campaigners have warned

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Who did you called last year? Who did you text and e-mail? When did

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you do it, we were you at the time? That is not just your business, see

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the police and security services, it is the business. They say they need

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the data to keep you safe. Emergency legislation has been drawn

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up with all-party support... This morning the Cabinet was summoned to

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Downing Street to be told that the three main party leaders had agreed

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that emergency new laws were needed. Two Mac hours later, the prime

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Minister, who have disagreed over these issues, faced the media to

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make their case together. We face real and credible threats to our

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security. Serious organised, from the activity of paedophiles, the

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collapse of Syria, the growth of ISIS in Iraq, and I am simply not

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prepared to be a prime minister who has to address this after a

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terrorist incident and explain that I could have done more to prevent

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it. These powers have already been used to help find the killers of

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this 11-year-old. To stop terrorist plots to blow up planes. But now

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there is a problem. Judges at the European Court of Justice ruled

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three months ago but the EU law under which these operations were

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carried out is no longer legal. Companies like Vodafone post that

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they protect their companies -- customers' privacy. If the law is

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unclear, ministers would face pressure to destroy the data they

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now hold. But why does a new law need to be published and passed?

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Does history not war is to be very suspicious of politicians who say,

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we all agree, there is an emergency, we need to legislate in

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haste. I am not standing here asking for new powers and capabilities. I

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am standing here saying we need to legislate, very rapidly, to keep

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those powers that we have. Nick Clegg says he has insisted on

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safeguards. It will fall, in December 2016. We are not depending

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permanently on the statute. The powers that will be passed next week

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will not give the state new powers to read our messages or to listen

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into our phone calls. But the politicians are under pressure from

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the police and the security services to take that step in future. But

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thanks to the revelations of this man, Edward Snowden, the politicians

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face pressure to snoop less and to be more transparent about what they

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are doing. We have engaged in detailed discussions with the

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government to ensure the right safeguards are in place, because

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there are do need to be safeguards when it comes to these kind of

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issues. The party leaders may agree for now but backbenchers are worried

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on both sides either rush to action. British people are not stupid or

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ideological when it comes to this kind of thing. Why can they not have

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time to discuss it with elected representatives? Whatever happens,

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the debate about who should be able to read and listen to what has long

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way to go. He's the Executive Director of

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The Open Rights Group which campaigns for

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digital openness. National Security Council is

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privacy, it is a small price to pay to be safe to lose a bit of privacy,

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surely? This is not ever a dichotomy between privacy and security.

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Generally speaking it is personal security and how that might be

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affected by the removal of privacy. The big problem is if the status

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collective, as it is, then can abuse, police can overuse powers,

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the future police can abuse their powers in the future, candidate be

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accessed by people it shouldn't? We have recently seen scandalous things

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with the police and the use of traditional surveillance powers

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putting surveillance into environmental groups, Doreen

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Lawrence's campaign to find out what the police were doing with her

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family. The police are not above using surveillance in ways which are

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deeply inappropriate. You should limit surveillance to what is

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absolutely necessary, and you should make sure the courts are supervising

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what the police do. Those are crucial safeguards that the European

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Court of Justice demanded, they are absent in this bill. We should be

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debating why they are absent and whether we really need them. We are

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talking about communications data, not the actual conversations. It is

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which numbers you called, what time you called them, when the Crown

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Prosecution Service says that 95% of all serious organised cases, handled

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by the CPS, meta data was used, essential. Surely it is a small

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price to pay? No, meta data is extremely important in crime, but

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equally it is something that tells a lot about who you are, what you are

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doing, where you are, who your friends are. We give up a lot of

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that information quite willingly on Facebook and different website.

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Again that's a problem, and you need to be able to control the

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relationships you are having with these private companies. They are

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not meant to be storing it and holding it. This bill goes in the

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opposite direction. It says you must store it and hoard it because the

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police might want to use it. If you allow anybody to start gathering

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this information, saying, you must gather this information, just think

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we're that could go and how many things. It is easy for this

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principle to get out of hand. Only when you need this data should you

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be storing it. On suspect identified in this country, 121 arrests were

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made possible in suspected cases, compared to Germany, where there is

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no such arrangement as we have here. Out of 377 German suspects, there

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were no arrests. This information will be held for 12 months. It seems

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a small price to pay for 121 arrests. Germany should be having

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data freezing arrangements to make it possible to make this kind of

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investigation. That should be in place. But we are not talking about

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that at the moment. Paedophiles, other kinds of investigations, it is

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possible to decide who you are interested in and then decide to

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keep the data about those individuals. This isn't about

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removing the capability of the police to investigate, it is about

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making them be a bit more careful about who and when they target, and

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also about restraining the possibility of abuse. I am sure we

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could talk about this all evening but we are out of time. Thank you.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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More than a million public sector workers are on a one-day strike in

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the UK today in a dispute over pay, pensions and working conditions.

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They include teachers, firefighters, refuse collectors and council staff.

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Unions say it's the biggest strike to hit the Government since

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Ministers say they can't afford large pay increases.

:18:14.:18:17.

All Catholic Church processions in a small,

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southern diocese in Italy have been suspended by the local bishop.

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This is after it emerged that a parade took

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a detour in order to salute a mafia boss who was under house arrest.

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The mayor, police and priests were among the crowds following

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the large statue of the Virgin Mary as it wound its way through

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the town of Oppido Mamertina, before altering its route.

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The incident has caused national outrage.

:18:35.:18:43.

One of South Africa's most notorious figures

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from the apartheid era has seen his hopes for parole quashed today.

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Eugene De Kock, former commander of South Africa's police, is serving a

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212-year prison sentence for crimes committed in the apartheid era.

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From the early 1980s his counter-insurgency unit hunted down

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He was part of the team that blew up the

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De Kock was found guilty on 89 charges, including murder,

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but has claimed he was only acting on orders.

:19:08.:19:20.

Tropical Storm Neoguri, which killed three people in the south of Japan

:19:21.:19:26.

and injured several others, has been downgraded but is still causing

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considerable damage, as Jenny Wivell reports.

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The effect of several days of torrential rain. Typhoon Neoguri

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might have weakened to a Tropical Storm Washi its path of devastation

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is stretching further and further afield. Here in central Japan,

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conditions are perilous. Landslides have decimated huge areas of the

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countryside. TRANSLATION: I thought it was an

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earthquake at first and then Earth and sand flowed into the house. I

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was clinging to a wooden pillar. Here, a 12-year-old boy was killed

:20:04.:20:07.

when his house was swept away, just ten minutes before he was due to be

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evacuated. Two men also died when they fell into irrigation ditches.

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TRANSLATION: It is always scary at this time of year when there is

:20:18.:20:23.

heavy rainfall. When the storm ploughed into the western shore of

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this island, it was gusting at 126 mph. -- kilometres per hour. Bridges

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have been destroyed, cars overturned and railway lines ripped from the

:20:37.:20:40.

ground. Hundreds of flights and trains have been cancelled,

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including the bullet, which connects cities. Workers have a ready started

:20:44.:20:50.

to clear up debris after the storm, but as the rain continues to fall,

:20:51.:20:54.

concern over the next 24 hours is spreading across the rest of Japan.

:20:55.:21:04.

Well, it's not just the UK's security that is under scrutiny.

:21:05.:21:07.

In France, details have emerged of an alleged Al-Qaeda plot

:21:08.:21:09.

a year ago to blow up landmarks, including the Eiffel Tower.

:21:10.:21:12.

The revelations coincide with the government's announcement

:21:13.:21:14.

If you are looking for a very high-profile target in France, the

:21:15.:21:23.

first place you would think of is the Eiffel Tower, and it does seem

:21:24.:21:27.

that the Eiffel Tower was on the list of potential targets of this

:21:28.:21:31.

alleged would-be jihadist, whose e-mails have been published in the

:21:32.:21:36.

French media. One way, is said, of carrying jet had into France would

:21:37.:21:40.

be to attack the ordinary French in bars and markets, but another way

:21:41.:21:44.

would be to hit national monuments, like nuclear power stations, or like

:21:45.:21:51.

the Eiffel Tower. This man, a year ago, was about to travel out to

:21:52.:21:54.

southern Algeria for a training camp when he was arrested. The

:21:55.:22:00.

intelligence services stepped in and picked him up. It doesn't seem that

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this plan was anything more than rudimentary. There is no suggestion

:22:05.:22:08.

that anything was about to happen, but this is the point, it is exactly

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this type of contact between radicalised French nationalists,

:22:15.:22:18.

residents here, and foreign-based jihadi groups, that is the nightmare

:22:19.:22:24.

of French governments. And now, with hundreds of people travelling out to

:22:25.:22:28.

Syria to join ISIS and other extremist groups out there, the fear

:22:29.:22:35.

is that some of them will return to France, motivated, desensitised to

:22:36.:22:39.

the most appalling violence, and ready to carry the fight back here

:22:40.:22:42.

in France. Reports from Berlin say the German

:22:43.:22:47.

government is to expel a top American diplomat who represents the

:22:48.:22:50.

secret service at the US embassy. A representative for the country's

:22:51.:22:53.

parliament said the action is being taken because of American spying

:22:54.:22:56.

on German politicians, and failure to cooperate with German

:22:57.:22:58.

attempts to get information. Steve, the relationship between

:22:59.:23:16.

Germany and the US was not exactly amicable to begin with. This will

:23:17.:23:24.

make it even worse. A year ago it looked very amicable. President

:23:25.:23:28.

Obama came to Berlin and was greeted by Chancellor Merkel, very friendly

:23:29.:23:32.

body language, and it looks like a sunny relationship. But it then

:23:33.:23:35.

transpired that her mobile phone was being eavesdropped by his security

:23:36.:23:43.

people in the embassy. In the last month we have had the revelation,

:23:44.:23:48.

the discovery of two American agents working for the German government.

:23:49.:23:52.

One of them actually working with secret documents for a parliamentary

:23:53.:23:55.

committee actually investigating spying. Given all that, there has

:23:56.:24:02.

been anger among German politicians. Chancellor Merkel and

:24:03.:24:05.

other politicians have gone to the American government and said, can

:24:06.:24:08.

you explain this, can you assure us that is not going to happen? They

:24:09.:24:13.

have not had satisfaction, so the government, and that means her in

:24:14.:24:19.

this case, has decided that the man responsible for security matters in

:24:20.:24:24.

the embassy, the man, the CIA person, man or woman, we don't know,

:24:25.:24:29.

will be expelled. The German government does not use the word

:24:30.:24:34.

expelled. It says, asked to leave, but it is expelled. It is certainly

:24:35.:24:40.

different from the amicable pictures of the two families together. What

:24:41.:24:47.

do they do next? How do they try to bridge the gap and bring those

:24:48.:24:54.

relationships back together? They keep talking, I think. Angela Merkel

:24:55.:25:02.

is in a difficult position. Because she is angry. She was angry and

:25:03.:25:07.

probably remains angry. But at the same time, she is quite pragmatic,

:25:08.:25:12.

and she doesn't want to dent this relationship more than she has to.

:25:13.:25:18.

But with each new revelation, people around her in the Parliament get

:25:19.:25:22.

more difficult to control, if you like, as she might see it. At some

:25:23.:25:29.

stage, without some kind of threat of a worsening of relationships that

:25:30.:25:34.

harms real politics, if you like, it's hard to see how anything

:25:35.:25:38.

changes, apart from continued grouchy nurse. -- continued grouchy

:25:39.:25:44.

behaviour. An American pilot whose flight was

:25:45.:25:48.

forced to land because of bad weather managed to keep

:25:49.:25:51.

his passengers happy when they were forced to sit in

:25:52.:25:53.

the plane for hours on the ground. Speaking to BBC Radio,

:25:54.:25:56.

Captain Bradner explained his decision to order 50 takeaway

:25:57.:25:58.

pizzas to be delivered to I ordered half cheese

:25:59.:26:00.

and half pepperoni, a safe choice, And we consider the passengers

:26:01.:26:06.

our extended family. And once they set foot on my

:26:07.:26:23.

aircraft, I will take care of them. If that includes feeding them,

:26:24.:26:26.

so be it. The president of the company called

:26:27.:26:29.

me and insisted on reimbursing me. I am not a hero,

:26:30.:26:44.

I just ordered pizza. In has been a mixed bag of weather

:26:45.:27:05.

over the last 24

:27:06.:27:07.

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