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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.
Women will be bishops in the Church of England after a vote today
The vote comes 20 years after the first women priests were
We'll ask what it means for the global Anglican Church.
As the firing continues between Israel and Gaza, the UN says
17,000 Palestinians from Northern Gaza are sheltering in schools.
We look at one of the biggest maritime salvage
operations in history, as efforts begin to re-float the
Victory for Germany - the side celebrate becoming
the first European team to win the World Cup in the Americas.
Centuries of tradition have been overturned with a vote by the Church
It's an issue that has deeply divided the church for decades.
Just two years ago, a similar vote failed by the narrowest of margins.
Today, both the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Prime Minister
To remind you, it's 20 years since the Church of England first
One in five within the Church of England are now women.
The first female bishop is likely to be ordained next year.
Mark Easton reports from the church's governing body,
The leadership had asked for restraint and sensitivity,
but those who have been campaigning for decades could not disguise
In fact, even the archbishops of York and Canterbury could not
20 years since the first women priests, the established
church has finally agreed that woman can also be bishops.
I have been campaigning for women in the church -
not just for women to be ordained, but to be respected and valued.
This is such a wonderful thing that has happened.
The crucial vote, when it came, was overwhelmingly in favour - no
The motion has been carried in all three houses.
The watchword today has been ?unity?.
The Church of England searching for a way to reconcile traditional
religious beliefs and contemporary liberal values - profoundly held,
This woman from Canterbury was among those who feared Synod was
Have we said that the Bible doesn?t matter anymore and
But many others thought the church was broad enough to
The church now needs the different and special gifts of
women in holy orders, not because of justice, but because of our need as
The yes vote is a triumph for the deal-making skills and
strategic thinking of the Archbishop of Canterbury - Justin Welby is
The compromise was found with the help of professional mediators
Opponents will be able to request a male bishop, with an ombudsman to
The first female bishop could be named by the end of the year
It may seem perfectly unremarkable nowadays, but the idea of a woman
CoE vicar was hugely controversial just 20 years ago - The Vicar of
Ladies and gentlemen, your new vicar.
It was a change church leaders agreed in 1992 by just one vote.
The first women were ordained in 1994,
but it was more than a decade before Synod paved the way for a vote on
women bishops and in 2012 the ruling body voted down the proposal -
The then Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, said the Church of
This famous picture shows the anguish of one supporter.
Dr Paula Gooder was all smiles this afternoon.
The tone in this Inner Chamber last time was really difficult and very
The tone this time was very much more welcoming and accepting.
?One church, one faith, one Lord?, the hymn says, but this was
a historic vote to keep the Church of England together, to reconcile
For international reaction let's go to the United States and speak with
the retired Bishop of Maine, the Right Rev Chilton Knudsen.
She joins me via webcam from the town of Bath in Maine.
How significant step is this for the church? It is a major step. I am
thrilled that have enormous compassion for those who are
distressed about the change. This is as -- this is an adventure. It is
stepping out in faith. Baptism is the sacrament that invites everyone
into the church in equal partnership. England is following
were others have led. There are Anglican women bishops around the
world, so what do you think this might signal to others? That's
right. There have been Anglican women bishops for a number of
years. I believe the evidence is solid that the ministry of women as
bishops has been blessed and has been a blessing to the church. What
would your advice be to the first woman ordained here as bishops?
There has been resistance, there are a feelings. There may be some who
don't woman -- don't want women bishops about them still.
Absolutely. The realistic viewpoint is that this legislation is not
going to solve the concerns. It is simply going to open the door to
another step in reconciliation and adventure. My three pieces of advice
on any sister bishop he is a lack did and appointed anywhere in the
Anglican Communion for the first time, first of all, keep a strong
prayer life. That is where your sense of occasion comes from.
Secondly, have a good support system of people who will listen to you,
walk with you and tell you the truth and help you put yourself forward in
a centred and focused way, even as lots of emotions stirred. Thirdly, I
think it is important to keep your sense of humour and your sense of
balance. Many things may be complicated and difficult, but often
times the mere passage of days makes things look better and look easier.
Do you think this will change the way women are regarded at other
levels in the church as well? It is certainly made prayer that ways in
which we regard women in every sphere of our lives will be elevated
by this decision. Women need everywhere in the world to be
affirmed, valued, acknowledged, there are gifts split to use for the
welfare of the whole community. Thank you for your time.
Well, let's cross to your riverboat took place at the General Synod.
Robert Pigott is there. I'd believe you expected the vote to go through
this time, not without a lot of heavy pressure, though. That's
right. The pressure has been building steadily on the General
Synod here. There has been an increasing alienation from the
church and society, so people that the church serves have been
embracing radical equality for years but it has been seen to be dragging
its heels. It seems that the church is the signal that it now wants to
be part of mainstream society. The other main thing that has been
building over the years is the idea that the church has been alienating
part of its membership, so the concern of a lot of people here are
in favour of women bishops is that the traditionalists who did not want
to serve under them would be cast out. The fact that they have been
reassured by extra concessions, they have been placated with today's
decision. Have you heard any members of the church say they will leave
over this, or are the compromise is enough? I think those who have
wanted to leave have already done so. There was a considerable group
from the high end of the church who left when women priests were
ordained for the first time 20 years ago. I think the numbers who would
want to leave over women bishops have already done so. The Pope set
up a special wing of the Catholic Church for Anglicans who wanted to
make that decision. I don't really think there are many more people to
go. There is this mood that there will be a place for them, and
honoured place in Anglicanism for them. There will be a special effort
to reinforce that you. The numbers who believe will be very slight, I
think. 17,000 Palestinians from Northern
Gaza have taken shelter in schools, according to the United Nations,
after Israel said it would start targeting the area with airstrikes.
A week of rocket and missile exchanges has now left more than 170
Palestinians dead. So far there have been no Israeli fatalities. Jeremy
Bowen has spent the day in Gaza. This is a typical street in Gaza
city, not too poor or densely populated by local standards.
Typical, too, because it has been bombed more than once. CCTV in the
street last Saturday saw a group of men chatting on a front step. They
were also under Israeli surveillance. When the Israelis kill
them with a missile, the camera copyright. -- cut out. When we
arrived soon afterwards, the family and neighbours were shocked and
angry. Israeli military said they had killed three Palestinian
fighters. Today, the place where it happened, the force of the explosion
can be seen clearly. The Israelis had their target, you can see the
shrapnel marks on the pavement. Sitting with this tab polonaise now
is where the three men were sitting. They were killed instantly. Just a
few doors up, on that step, were three other men, neighbours in their
50s. They were killed to. --, too. They were just in the wrong place at
the wrong time. Back in Gaza, a Palestinian human rights campaigner
said Israel's strategy of hitting the homes of wanted them guaranteed
that innocent people would die. They know they have committed war crimes,
crimes against humanity and deliberately intending to destroy
houses with civilians living in it. That is clearly illegal. The
bombardment went on this morning. Israel has been accused of not
distinguishing between military and civilian targets in Gaza. The
Israeli government says that if Palestinian civilians die, it is the
fault of her mass. We are dealing with the South. They are at terror
group that reducing its own people and its own civilians to hide
weapons and missile launchers and should on Israeli citizens. Israel
calls them terrorists. Until the cease-fire comes, it looks as if
there will be many more civilian funerals, too.
Bowen has spent the day in Gaza. As salvage operations go, it doesn't
get much bigger or more expensive than this one. The cruise ship the
Costa Concordia has now been lifted about a metre above the seabed,
where it came to rest in January 2012, in the final phase of an
extremely delicate operation. 32 people died when the vessel struck a
reef off the Italian island of Giglio and capsized. From Giglio,
the BBC's Matthew Price reports. Looking out from the ferry to Judeo,
you cannot miss the Costa Concordia. It is no longer a place
of dreams, but that twisted, rusting wreck. At first light, the salvage
engineers still did not know for sure that their audacious floating
operation would work. Today we find that if the calculations were
accurate, based on the assumptions. The weather is good and everybody is
ready. For two and a half years this cruise ship has lain for lawn. Its
bars and cafes saturated, lifeless, with much of the ship only
accessible to divers. No longer. In September they pulled it up right.
Today they pumped air into giant flotation tanks welded on the
sides. Inch by inch, the Costa Concordia rose. Early afternoon, a
grubby water line out. -- stood out. This is the biggest maritime salvage
operation ever conducted. On board that ship, 32 people died, including
a five-year-old girl. It was winter when the ship capsized. Passengers
scrambled for safety after it hit rock is. Most of the 4,000 on board
made live. The captain is on trial for manslaughter. This ship is about
to embark on its final journey, taking with that the hundreds of
salvage workers who have made decide on their home for the last two
years. The Costa Concordia put Judeo on the map, but few here will be sad
to see it go. Germany is still celebrating
after its team's World Cup win - the first since East and
West Germany came together. A quarter of a million people packed
into the centre of Berlin last night partying into the early hours
after Germany beat Argentina. Tomorrow even more people are
expected to line the streets of the capital to greet
the homecoming players. This is the moment that hundreds of
thousands of fans and that the World Cup had been won. There was dazzling
in the streets in Berlin. Germany, we're champions! We are champions
excavation Mark this is exciting, this is exciting. And today, the
clean-up. Down came the sponsors banners, ready for the victory
parade tomorrow, when the World Cup winners will appear at the
Brandenburg gate. Maybe with the Chancellor, Angela Merkel. She was
in the changing room in Rio when they came off the field. She has
tied herself to the success of the national side. World champion, the
papers are full of football. But there is the morning after the night
before, so the -- some reflection. They say that victory is about
showing that Germany is in the top flight of nations. When West Germany
one the World Cup in 1954, the team came home by train. They won it in
1974 and 1990. Last night was the first time a united Germany had won
it. Four times champions, and are there lessons for British football?
The British league is the best in the world, but that is because they
have all of these foreign stars. Sometimes you forget to put your own
people into the team and give them experience, so they can be really
experienced on the national level as well. The victory celebration was
the modules. And it will be allowed tomorrow -- it was the modules.
Germany is European football's success story.
Germany was in fact so confident it would win the World
Cup that it pre-printed a run of five million stamps commemorating
its soccer victory - before the final game even took place.
Just hours after Germany's victory, the country's
German Finance Ministry presented a new stamp honouring the new
"during the last few days, before the outcome" of the final.
when Germany hosted the World Cup, made in 2006
"but the plans got shelved as Germany didn't reach the final."
Do we notice how much we take animals for granted, from food to
A documentary being released in the UK tomorrow argues that
The film, called "The Ghosts in Our Machine", follows
the photojournalist Jo-Anne McArthur as she documents animal stories
across the US, Canada and Europe over the course of a year.
I am joined by the director and producer of the film, Liz Marshall.
Why The Ghosts In Our Machine? The ghosts are those animals that are
often hidden from view. The film aims to eliminate their stories.
There individual stories. -- to eliminate. As we are individual eyes
animals and think of them as individuals. The truth is, there are
billions of animals affected wee chap within the machinery of the
modern world. -- which arch wrapped within the machinery of. When we
think about eating meat slaughtering animals for their photo where, are
bit animals -- are the elements that might surprise viewers in this film,
you think? There are lots of surprises. They are hidden, these
industries which use animals, and they are hidden from view. The
subject, in and of itself, is rather surprising to the vast majority.
Which kind of industries are you thinking of? Entertainer, in theme
parks and zoos, for example, a subject that which is -- a subject
that we cover. And animals used for biomedical research.
Joining me from Coventry is the film critic, Scott Jordan Harris.
Do you think this documentary is persuasive? It has some very
disturbing images that will affect anybody who sees it. My only concern
is that it does not fully acknowledge the nuances of the
debate that those images throw up. I did not feel that the difference
between animals being used for medical testing that might save
lives and the difference between animals being used in entertainment
and performance is sufficiently acknowledged. Although those behind
the film might not think there is a difference between testing in
animals and seeing them in a marine park, for example, many of the
viewers will. I wonder if it will preach mainly to the converted. Your
thoughts on that? This is a consciousness-raising film about a
very tough subject. I think that we both agree that animals used in
industry is a subject that we would rather not look at. And the film is
an entry point, using the power of cinema, to persuade the viewer to
actually look, to see them, the animals. We cover all of the
different industries. We are not creating at Hauraki that dogs are
more important than cows -- we are not creating a hierarchy.
Collectively as a society, we are finally getting to the place where
we can recognise that some animals are more significant... You are not
ranking them in terms of intelligence in the animal kingdom?
The film is trying to unpack that notion that there is a hierarchy,
and it is not suggesting that animals should have the same rights
as humans. The argument about rights pertaining to animals is very
complex. And the film does not go there. Rather, the film is saying
that this is a morally important subject, that we need to pay
attention to, and it is presenting it and making an Aga meant for the
case that we need to pay attention, we need to start listening to this.
Scott, you were struck by that argument about animal rights and
human rights, and how we should put them together. That is, I think, the
crux of the film. That is what most people will find most disturbing. I
was sad that that was not explored with the same rigour that it is in
films like blackfish, animal-rights documentaries of recent vintage. The
main thing, I hope that this helps people to go out and look into the
issues themselves. You do not hear both sides of the argument in the
debate but you will see an oft that you want to research it for
yourself. -- PC enough. -- you see enough. Do you think that people are
somehow being blind? It is a polemic statement and you obviously feel
passionate about it. It is moral -- it is more of a philosophical
conversation opener about something that people do not want to pay
attention to. We are all complicit. It is a self reflexive title, The
Ghosts In Our Machine, it is a big subject that deserves our attention.
I would say that the time is now, on the heels of the green,
environmental movement, and we are starting to recognise it seriously,
that there are other species beyond ourselves, that matter.
The South African novelist and Nobel Laureate, Nadine Gordimer,
The anti-Apartheid campaigner, and close friend to Nelson Mandela,
wrote 15 novels as well as short stories and works of non-fiction,
many of which dealt with the moral and political issues
South Africa faced under white minority rule,
and the challenges it continues to face today.
There have been spectacular scenes on the streets of Paris as France
celebrates Bastille Day. Troops gathered on the shops of easy to
mark 100 years since the beginning of the First World War.
Traditionally there is a grand military parade followed by
fireworks across France. Bastille Day marks the storming of the
Bastille prison which started the French Revolution in July, 1789. And
some pictures that have just come along. These must be good. Dog
owners in California put their pet dogs on the water. You can see them
surfing. The waves are not massive so there were not many wipe-outs.
And it is hard to judge how much the contestants are enjoying it, but
apparently, we just had to bring that to you. That's all from us here
Over the next few days temperatures are going to climb, but humidity
will increase as well. For most of us on Tuesday it will be dry. The
remains of a weather front still potentially across the south-east,
first thing in the morning. That could produce some showers, but
behind it, some breaks