28/08/2014 World News Today


28/08/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alice Baxter.

:00:00.:00:07.

With more allegations of Russian military involvement in Ukraine, the

:00:08.:00:10.

UN Security Council is meeting for an emergency session on Ukraine.

:00:11.:00:16.

Pro-Russian rebels there have taken over the town of Novoazovsk,

:00:17.:00:20.

NATO says a thousand Russian troops are inside Ukraine.

:00:21.:00:35.

, but it is difficult to fight with Russia and its army.

:00:36.:00:45.

We'll hear reports that Jihadist militants from Islamic State appear

:00:46.:00:47.

to have executed "dozens" of captured Syrian army soldiers.

:00:48.:00:53.

The outgoing Turkish prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been sworn

:00:54.:00:56.

in as president at a ceremony in Turkey's parliament.

:00:57.:00:59.

Research says graduates from the top universities and fee-paying

:01:00.:01:02.

schools dominate the most senior positions in British public life.

:01:03.:01:20.

An emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council is

:01:21.:01:26.

getting underway in New York to discuss the situation in Ukraine.

:01:27.:01:31.

It comes as Russia is accused of sending troops over the border.

:01:32.:01:38.

NATO says there are well over a thousand Russian troops operating

:01:39.:01:42.

inside Ukraine, a claim the Kremlin denies.

:01:43.:01:46.

It comes as pro-Russian separatists opened up a new front

:01:47.:01:49.

The rebels have taken the coastal town of Novoazovsk

:01:50.:01:56.

and are threatening the strategic port city of Mariupol.

:01:57.:01:59.

The BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent James Robbins reports.

:02:00.:02:06.

A Ukrainian soldier warns his colleagues, a sniper threatens.

:02:07.:02:14.

But now as victory looks possible they are being forced out from

:02:15.:02:19.

some areas amid claims Russia has sent reinforcements to the rebels.

:02:20.:02:31.

Russia has sent a number of armoured personal vehicles, tanks and troops.

:02:32.:02:34.

Ukrainian forces are capable to tackle and to cope with

:02:35.:02:36.

the Russian-led guerrillas, but this is quite difficult for us

:02:37.:02:39.

Moscow denies its forces are in Ukraine.

:02:40.:02:51.

But that was undermined by this rebel leader, Alexander Zakharchenko

:02:52.:02:54.

admitted Russian soldiers fight alongside his men, but claiming the

:02:55.:02:58.

Earlier this week, these Russian paratroopers were apparently caught

:02:59.:03:05.

Moscow says they crossed the border by mistake, but now

:03:06.:03:11.

their mothers are appealing to the Kremlin to get them released.

:03:12.:03:13.

Over the past few weeks, Ukraine's Government forces have

:03:14.:03:17.

It is almost two months since rebels were forced to free

:03:18.:03:25.

You can see how the area they once controlled has shrunk.

:03:26.:03:32.

There are still forced to be between 3000 and 4000 separatist

:03:33.:03:38.

fighters, bolstered apparently by a significant number of Russian

:03:39.:03:45.

troops, despite Moscow's formal denials.

:03:46.:03:47.

Further south, another front opened according to several reports

:03:48.:03:49.

a town was taking largely by Russian troops and tanks.

:03:50.:03:53.

Look at this video, which Ukrainians say is a Russian

:03:54.:03:57.

It could be another part of Russian efforts to prevent a defeat, not

:03:58.:04:09.

just of the rebels, but also of the Kremlin's strategy and prestige.

:04:10.:04:15.

NATO has released aerial pictures it says shows Russian armour inside

:04:16.:04:17.

Ukraine, a blatant attempt says one NATO general to change the momentum

:04:18.:04:20.

of the fighting that currently favours the Ukrainian military.

:04:21.:04:25.

As the battle for control of the eastern Ukraine rages on,

:04:26.:04:28.

EU leaders use words like "intolerable" and "aggression"

:04:29.:04:30.

David Cameron is warning of further consequences if President

:04:31.:04:35.

Let's go to the United Nations in New York where

:04:36.:04:48.

an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council is underway.

:04:49.:04:50.

This meeting was called for by Lithuania. What has been said?

:04:51.:05:04.

The meeting was just this moment getting under way. The

:05:05.:05:10.

undersecretary general is briefing the Council on the latest in Ukraine

:05:11.:05:15.

and he is likely to carry the message of the UN

:05:16.:05:22.

Secretary-General, basically warning that further de-escalation of the

:05:23.:05:26.

crisis and urging parties to come together for talks in a manner that

:05:27.:05:33.

respects Ukraine's sovereignty. Before the meeting began, the

:05:34.:05:38.

president of the Security Council said this meeting would basically

:05:39.:05:44.

put Russia in the public light, having to answer questions about why

:05:45.:05:47.

they are sending troops into Ukraine, something Russia denies. In

:05:48.:05:53.

the Security Council, there has been concern for months that they could

:05:54.:05:58.

be direct confrontation between Ukraine and Russia and so this

:05:59.:06:02.

meeting will likely get the US and the Europeans hounding Russia for

:06:03.:06:07.

their actions and the Russians denying it, saying they have no

:06:08.:06:11.

troops. Many out there will be asking what

:06:12.:06:17.

good or talking will do. Only a few days, we saw Presidents Poroshenko

:06:18.:06:21.

shaking hands with President Putin in Minsk. Well today's meeting prove

:06:22.:06:28.

any more useful? Really, the US and Europeans feel it

:06:29.:06:35.

is important to have a meeting where Ukraine can lay out the information

:06:36.:06:38.

they have about Russian interference. And where Russia can

:06:39.:06:44.

speak for itself and deny or try to deny its involvement. But the

:06:45.:06:51.

accused aggressor is a permanent member of the Security Council and

:06:52.:06:55.

that is why it has not been able to act, because they hold a veto power.

:06:56.:07:02.

Beside this open forum, there is little concrete action.

:07:03.:07:12.

Steven Pifer is a former US ambassador to Ukraine,

:07:13.:07:14.

I would like to begin with these new aerial shots that NATO has. They say

:07:15.:07:34.

it represents and it escalation of Russia's interference. How much of

:07:35.:07:41.

an escalation you think we are seeing in the country.

:07:42.:07:48.

I think this is a major step. The Ukrainian military have made

:07:49.:07:53.

increasing progress in terms of squeezing the area that the

:07:54.:08:00.

separatists have. It looked like a separatists were on the verge of

:08:01.:08:03.

defeat and now Russia has taken this new step of deploying Russian forces

:08:04.:08:12.

into Ukraine. And yet Russia denies this. We have had some sort of

:08:13.:08:15.

acknowledgement that there may be Russian boots on the ground in some

:08:16.:08:23.

sort of voluntary capacity, but we heard from the separatist leader

:08:24.:08:25.

Alexander Zakharchenko saying there are lots three to 4000 Russians

:08:26.:08:33.

fighting. How do you think the outside world should read this

:08:34.:08:39.

situation? I think we have seen a situation where President Putin has

:08:40.:08:44.

chosen to escalate, as he does not want to see the insurgency in

:08:45.:08:52.

eastern Ukraine defeated. And so he has now escalated, including Russian

:08:53.:08:55.

forces, and I think this will create a difficult situation, because on

:08:56.:09:03.

the other side Mr Poroshenko is in a situation where he does not want

:09:04.:09:06.

another conflict in eastern Ukraine. He knows that Crimea is a

:09:07.:09:11.

long-term issue, but he wants to resolve it. It is hard to see

:09:12.:09:16.

unfortunately how you can get on a diplomatic path that might lead to a

:09:17.:09:22.

political settlement. Indeed, diplomatic efforts are under way in

:09:23.:09:26.

New York. And in the past couple of hours, we have had it confirmed that

:09:27.:09:30.

Ukraine will be reinstating army conscription. To what extent can

:09:31.:09:41.

NATO and the European Union really help? I think there are couple of

:09:42.:09:48.

things it. Mr Poroshenko has described things such as the

:09:49.:09:54.

decentralisation of power and status of the Russian language, he says he

:09:55.:09:58.

does not want to deepen his relationship with nature, these

:09:59.:10:01.

could be the basis of a settlement, but Moscow has not moved to go

:10:02.:10:06.

towards a settlement and now we are in a situation where the West should

:10:07.:10:10.

consider whether there is anything they could do to change President

:10:11.:10:17.

Putin's calculation. A second step might be to be put right the

:10:18.:10:22.

Ukrainian military with some military assistance, such as

:10:23.:10:27.

anti-armour weapons. Maybe surfaced MSI was that will allow the

:10:28.:10:32.

Ukrainian military to drive up the cost. Reports from Russia suggest

:10:33.:10:38.

the Russian Government is trying to hide reports of Russian casualties

:10:39.:10:44.

in Ukraine. If Russia begins to suffer economic pain and begins to

:10:45.:10:49.

see Russian casualties, does that affect their calculations?

:10:50.:11:00.

OK, thank you. Thank you.

:11:01.:11:03.

Reports from Syria say that fighters from the Islamic State group have

:11:04.:11:06.

killed dozens of captured Syrian soldiers after overrunning an

:11:07.:11:08.

A video posted online purportedly shows the aftermath of the killings,

:11:09.:11:15.

with a long line of bodies of young men lying face

:11:16.:11:18.

There is no independent confirmation of this video.

:11:19.:11:26.

With me is Sebastian Usher, Middle East Regional Editor at

:11:27.:11:28.

We have both watched this video. What did you make of it?

:11:29.:11:45.

It's did not seem the kind of thing that is unexpected with the Islamic

:11:46.:11:51.

State. We have seen when they have overrun other brigades in their

:11:52.:12:04.

stronghold, after taking the brigade headquarters, they massacred the

:12:05.:12:08.

soldiers. In fact, they did worse than what you are describing there,

:12:09.:12:12.

they put their heads on spikes in the middle of the city. It does not

:12:13.:12:18.

seem a strange thing for them to have done in the way that they are

:12:19.:12:22.

trying to instil fear in their enemies. In that sense, we can be

:12:23.:12:26.

reasonably sure that when they claim they have done it and other sources

:12:27.:12:32.

say they do, and we see the pictures, it adds up to pretty

:12:33.:12:38.

conclusive evidence. In the last few hours, we have had a

:12:39.:12:44.

second video being posted online. We will not show it as it is very

:12:45.:12:49.

upsetting and is a much more select and better edited video showing the

:12:50.:12:56.

execution of a Kurdish man. This is sending a strong message to the

:12:57.:13:01.

Kurds and the United States. This is the difference levels they operate

:13:02.:13:02.

on. The early video was a the difference levels they operate

:13:03.:13:09.

on. The early video was grainy one to document what happened after an

:13:10.:13:14.

attack. This is that they have just put up is very similar to the James

:13:15.:13:18.

Foley video, different camera angles are used,

:13:19.:13:20.

Foley video, different camera angles are it is a set piece, you first see

:13:21.:13:25.

a dozen or so suppose Kurdish fighters, supposedly the strongest

:13:26.:13:31.

force against the Islamic State in Iraq, speaking, and then one is

:13:32.:13:43.

shown in the backdrop... It is a great dramatic backdrop. It is very

:13:44.:13:48.

staged and do the same as they did with James Foley, they say that more

:13:49.:13:54.

will be executed if the Kurds fight on the site of the United States and

:13:55.:14:00.

then they slit his throat, they do not show the moment, they show the

:14:01.:14:07.

prove afterwards. He is wearing an orange jumpsuit. It is very

:14:08.:14:12.

choreographed. It is called A Message In Blood. We have not shown

:14:13.:14:18.

it as it is very upsetting. Another development, 43 UN peacekeepers...

:14:19.:14:25.

Wouldn't know capture them, but we do not think it is Islamic State. We

:14:26.:14:29.

don't think so as they are not operating that far south. This is

:14:30.:14:35.

different rebel forces. It is nothing to be too positive about as

:14:36.:14:39.

the group to Haslam is probably an Al-Qaeda affiliates -- group that

:14:40.:14:52.

has them. In another similar case, they were released, but this is

:14:53.:14:59.

different. There are many nationalities who make up this force

:15:00.:15:04.

that patrols this area. There is a big concern that perhaps they may be

:15:05.:15:08.

passing over training to other people.

:15:09.:15:17.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:15:18.:15:19.

The World Health Organisation's warning that the number of cases

:15:20.:15:23.

of Ebola in West Africa could eventually exceed 20,000.

:15:24.:15:26.

So far, more than 1,550 people have died from the virus,

:15:27.:15:32.

and there are more than 3,000 confirmed cases - mostly in Guinea,

:15:33.:15:36.

The children's charity, Barnardos, has warned that the widespread child

:15:37.:15:55.

abuse uncovered in Rotherham is just the "tip of the iceberg".

:15:56.:15:57.

1,400 children were abused over a sixteen year period -

:15:58.:16:00.

but the charity says the problem is rife across Britain's

:16:01.:16:02.

country and that it works with thousands of children every year

:16:03.:16:05.

Wayne Rooney's been named the new England captain

:16:06.:16:08.

The 28-year-old Manchester United striker takes over from Liverpool's

:16:09.:16:11.

Steven Gerrard, who retired after England's World Cup elimination.

:16:12.:16:13.

In a statement on his official website Rooney said

:16:14.:16:15.

that to be appointed captain was beyond his wildest dreams.

:16:16.:16:21.

Here in Britain a prominent Conservative MP, Douglas Carswell,

:16:22.:16:27.

has announced he is defecting to the UK Independence Party.

:16:28.:16:29.

He'll resign as an MP, triggering a by-election.

:16:30.:16:31.

If he wins, he will deliver UKIP their first seat in parliament.

:16:32.:16:35.

Here's our political correspondent, Ben Wright.

:16:36.:16:45.

The For 1's a Westminster news conference delivered a real

:16:46.:16:54.

political bombshell. -- for once. I am needing the Conservative Party

:16:55.:16:59.

and joining UKIP. Douglas Carswell said it had not been an easy

:17:00.:17:05.

decision. Independent minded and Euro-sceptic, he said on the UKIP

:17:06.:17:10.

can shake up the cosy clique of Westminster. The top talk before

:17:11.:17:15.

elections and see what they must to get our support but on so many

:17:16.:17:24.

issues, on modernising our politics, controlling our borders, bank

:17:25.:17:29.

reform, cutting public debts, EU Referendum, they never make it

:17:30.:17:33.

happen. Nigel Farage predicted others would follow him into the

:17:34.:17:39.

UKIP fold. This is not my show today, this is Douglas's shawl. It

:17:40.:17:46.

is no great secret that are a number of members of Parliament sitting on

:17:47.:17:50.

Conservative and Labour benches who hold UKIP views very strongly. This

:17:51.:17:57.

will be the same of the big by-election battle. UKIP had a

:17:58.:18:03.

resounding victory here in the Euro elections and Douglas Carswell has a

:18:04.:18:07.

significant personal following so will they vote for him? Yes, I think

:18:08.:18:13.

it is the best thing he could do because now he will get extra votes.

:18:14.:18:19.

I think it is the wrong moves, I do not think he will get re-elected. I

:18:20.:18:27.

voted for them before. I like his policies. He has moved over to UKIP

:18:28.:18:34.

and that is good news. If he gets a foothold for UKIP here in Essex

:18:35.:18:39.

months before the general election, it will help his new party make

:18:40.:18:44.

further inroads elsewhere in the country. David Cameron knows he has

:18:45.:18:50.

got a fight on his hands. It is deeply regrettable when things

:18:51.:18:54.

happen like this and people behave in this week, but it is also

:18:55.:18:58.

counter-productive. If you want a referendum of the future of Britain

:18:59.:19:04.

in the EU, the only way to get that is to have a Conservative government

:19:05.:19:09.

after the next election and that is what until very recently Douglas

:19:10.:19:14.

Carswell himself was saying. Many MPs are heading back to Westminster

:19:15.:19:18.

after the holidays and in the coming weeks they will be back on the

:19:19.:19:22.

seaside trying to turn the tide against UKIP.

:19:23.:19:29.

The outgoing Turkish prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been sworn

:19:30.:19:35.

It follows his victory in Turkey's first ever popular vote for head

:19:36.:19:39.

Mr Erdogan has vowed to give more power to the previously ceremonial

:19:40.:19:42.

post of president but his critics say the move will

:19:43.:19:45.

The star of Turkish politics continues to soar.

:19:46.:19:59.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan arriving to be sworn in. He took the oath of

:20:00.:20:09.

allegiance inside the parliament building. Applauded by many, but

:20:10.:20:14.

booed by the opposition who left the chamber in revolt. The pomp and

:20:15.:20:18.

ceremony was on show for the new head of state who has promised to

:20:19.:20:22.

increase his powers by changing the constitution. He is the first ever

:20:23.:20:28.

popularly elected president in this country's history. It was previously

:20:29.:20:35.

ceremonial post but he has managed to change and he was elected to

:20:36.:20:41.

weeks ago with 52% of the vote. He then went on to be a wreath at the

:20:42.:20:48.

mausoleums of the founding father of the country. His critics say he has

:20:49.:20:52.

strayed from the secular principles of Turkey and is too Islamic.

:20:53.:20:59.

Speaking at the palace, he sounded our conciliar literary note.

:21:00.:21:06.

TRANSLATION: We will work hand-in-hand for economic growth and

:21:07.:21:11.

to improve social welfare. He has had a volatile year. Anti-government

:21:12.:21:18.

protesters raged against his authoritarianism. The opposition say

:21:19.:21:22.

it is typical of his style. But he has also transformed the economy.

:21:23.:21:29.

His challenge now is to unite a divided country. Western Allies were

:21:30.:21:36.

absent to date, perhaps a sign of Turkey's recent isolation but

:21:37.:21:37.

absent to date, perhaps a sign of will have to work with the new

:21:38.:21:42.

leader of a powerful new tool member, a key ally in a region

:21:43.:21:45.

fraught with danger. Britain is still

:21:46.:21:53.

"deeply elitist" towards people who went to private school -

:21:54.:21:55.

and Oxbridge graduates dominate the most senior positions in public life

:21:56.:21:57.

- that's according to a new report. The Social Mobility and

:21:58.:22:00.

Child Poverty Commission found that seventy percent of senior judges,

:22:01.:22:02.

half of the house of Lords and a third of

:22:03.:22:05.

the cabinet went to private school. A degree from Oxford and Cambridge

:22:06.:22:07.

is not just about academic excellence and personal success,

:22:08.:22:18.

it also opens doors. Today's report shows today's

:22:19.:22:20.

graduates still have Three quarters of our top judges,

:22:21.:22:30.

59 percent of the Cabinet and almost half of all newspaper

:22:31.:22:35.

columnists have Oxbridge degrees. But this report shows elitism

:22:36.:22:42.

begins even earlier. Only 7% of the population is

:22:43.:22:44.

privately educated but one third of MPs went to fee-paying schools

:22:45.:22:48.

as did 62% of senior military officers and more than half

:22:49.:22:52.

of the highest-ranking diplomats. The report warns this lack

:22:53.:22:57.

of diversity means Britain's key institutions do not

:22:58.:23:02.

represent the public they serve or Its authors say it's time to end

:23:03.:23:04.

what they call the closed shop With me is David Johnston.

:23:05.:23:19.

He's a commissioner with the Social Mobility and

:23:20.:23:20.

Child Poverty Commission. Thank you for coming in. You believe

:23:21.:23:33.

it is a clothes shop at the top? Not entirely, but it certainly is for

:23:34.:23:39.

most people, the chances of getting in if you went to an ordinary state

:23:40.:23:45.

school. It is not impossible, but it is very difficult. Do you believe

:23:46.:23:53.

that by bringing out this report we might see a change in the way some

:23:54.:23:59.

institutions hire graduates? I hope so. Often when we talk about this,

:24:00.:24:09.

we focus on politics, we see the Shadow Cabinet is unrepresentative

:24:10.:24:14.

for instance. Often lawyers, diplomats and people doing those

:24:15.:24:16.

interviews are from the same background. All of our key

:24:17.:24:23.

institutions in public life have theirs. What the commission is

:24:24.:24:28.

calling for is to remove the University name of candidates when

:24:29.:24:34.

you look at them for jobs. When they do that, deselect a very different

:24:35.:24:42.

of people. I do not think it is positive discrimination, it is

:24:43.:24:49.

levelling the playing field. I would say positive discrimination exists

:24:50.:24:54.

at the moment, if you are using an old school tie to get ahead in your

:24:55.:25:00.

job or if you are using personal connections to get a work

:25:01.:25:05.

placement. That could be just outright discrimination. What about

:25:06.:25:08.

families who prioritise getting their children to private schools

:25:09.:25:16.

and decide not to buy expensive holidays and houses but put the

:25:17.:25:20.

money towards good schools for their children, are being penalised? Quite

:25:21.:25:27.

the contrary. They made a wise decision because they can see the

:25:28.:25:31.

advantages that a private school buys in British society but it is

:25:32.:25:35.

important to recognise that the vast majority of people in this country

:25:36.:25:39.

cannot make that sort of choice. They would not have the means to

:25:40.:25:43.

send their children to private schools. Only 1% of people who go to

:25:44.:25:48.

private school get their fees paid for. The vast majority cannot afford

:25:49.:25:54.

this. What do you want to see happen now? The first thing is to improve

:25:55.:25:59.

the standard of education that everyone gets. We want universities

:26:00.:26:07.

to look at the way they select, so they are not simply selecting those

:26:08.:26:11.

with the top grades from schools Best Out producing top grades. Then

:26:12.:26:19.

we want businesses to put aside some of the preconceptions they have

:26:20.:26:21.

about the School university that people have been to. In the

:26:22.:26:27.

interview room that we want them to judge how well someone could do the

:26:28.:26:32.

job rather than other things like recognising their university and how

:26:33.:26:37.

they interact in the universe -- in the interview room. Many thanks for

:26:38.:26:45.

coming in to talk to us. You have been watching world News today.

:26:46.:26:48.

Child Poverty Commission. watching.

:26:49.:27:03.

Good evening. Some lively weather on the way for the British

:27:04.:27:04.

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