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This is BBC World News Today with me Alice Baxter.
Russia's actions in Ukraine are a blatant violation of Ukrainian
sovereignty - that's the view from NATO after an emergency summit.
NATO's Secretary General says Russia's action defied all
After three-and-a-half years of conflict, the number of Syrian
refugees registered in neighbouring countries has reached three million.
The terror threat to the UK is raised from substantial to severe.
The Prime Minister says Islamic State militants cannot be ignored.
The ambition to create an extremist caliphate at the heart of Iraq and
Syria is a threat to our own security.
And as Charlie and the Chocolate factory turns 50, Roald Dahl's
We begin with the ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine.
The head of Nato has accused Russia of blatantly violating Ukraine's
sovereignty and engaging in direct military operations to
The remarks by Nato Secretary-General Anders Fogh
Rasmussen come as Ukraine's Prime Minister said he was
putting the country on course for Nato membership.
Russia continues to deny sending troops and arms across the border
but, as the conflict continues, the scale of the suffering has been
It says nearly 2,600 people have been killed since April
when Russia's annexation of Crimea prompted
the rebels to take control of large parts of Donetsk and Luhansk.
Pro-Russian rebels continue a fightback against Ukrainian
government troops after weeks in which they have been forced onto
This is unverified footage, but significantly, Kiev and the West say
this fightback has been fortified by escalating Russian military
involvement prompting an emergency meeting of NATO ambassadors.
Today, we expressed strong solidarity with Ukraine.
At the Wales summit next week, we will meet President Poroshenko
to make clear NATO's unwavering support for Ukraine.
The Ukrainian prime minister has just said that his government
would ask Parliament to seek Nato membership.
The NATO response, a cautious one, that it respects the Kiev decision.
And the word from Washington is the response to Russia is not
Russia is already more isolated than at any time since the Cold War.
Capital is fleeing. Investors are staying out.
This ongoing Russian incursion into Ukraine will only bring more
EU leaders meeting in Brussels this weekend will now look at tougher
sanctions against Russia following this new turn in the crisis.
But how effective can they be given the stakes in this for the Kremlin?
still denies any such involvement. says shows Russian combat forces in
A defiant rally by Ukrainian loyalists in a south eastern town
suddenly under threat from the latest rebel successes.
Their opinion of the Russian president Vladimir Putin is clear
But in his latest remarks, the Russian leader has responded
with a Nazi analogy of his own, accusing Kiev of an assault on
Eastern Ukraine reminiscent of the siege of Leningrad in World War II.
The wreckage and the costs of this conflict in Ukraine
A way out of it, however, seems as elusive as ever.
Joining me now from Washington is Ian Brzezinski
who served as the deputy assistant secretary of defence for European
He's now a senior fellow at the influential think tank
Thank you for joining us. What do you think is the likelihood of NATO
accepting Ukraine as a member? Very unlikely because Ukraine is not
prepared for NATO membership. It does not meet the requirements for
NATO membership. But I think it is a positive sign and a good step to say
that needle's door is open. -- NATO. Why does Ukraine not meet the
requirements? It has a weak economy, it has systemic corruption problems,
there are probably deep Russian penetrations of it's that its
services. But Ukraine's European aspirations are legitimate and
should be supported by the West. Do you believe that that position is
understood in Ukraine? If you listen to President Poroshenko, it would
seem that they believe that membership of NATO is imminent. I
think it is more in the future. It took Poland, the Czech Republic and
the Baltic states and Romania to take some time to gain membership.
But their aspirations should be supported. This is not the first
time needle has sought NATO membership. In the 1980s, there was
an interest expressed. Yet comments being made by Anders Fogh
Rasmussen, is that not intensifying the situation on the ground?
Condemnation should be directed towards Russia for invading Ukraine.
It has significantly increased Ukrainian in test in NATO membership
at political and public level. For President Putin, he has repeatedly
made it clear that membership of NATO would very much be a red line
for him. It is pretty outrageous for a country like Russia to assert that
he can determine their political orientation of other states. Ukraine
is a European state, it has legitimate aspirations to become
part of the European union, it is natural for it to seek NATO
membership. Thank you for joining us.
The Syrian refugee crisis is being called
the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era by the United Nations.
The conflict started three and a half years ago
and the number of refugees now registered in neighbouring countries
That's an increase of one million in just a year.
Inside Syria, there are another six and a half million displaced people.
Altogether, that means nearly half of Syria's 18 million population
The UN says the world is failing to meet the needs of the refugees
Among them, thousands who fled Mount Sinjar near the Iraqi city of Mosul.
Our correspondent Gabriel Gatehouse met some
of those who managed to escape, but paid an enormous sacrifice.
You may find parts of his report disturbing.
These are some of the children who have made it from Mount Sinjar.
Many have lost friends or family, all are now homeless.
But they are alive and they are happy about that.
But for many, self-preservation came at a huge cost.
As Yazidis fled in their thousands, this policeman was struggling.
He and his wife had three kids, too young to walk.
The fighters from the Islamic State at their backs, they were forced to
make an almost impossible decision, to leave their four-year-old son
There was a hut by the side of the road.
It must have been a very difficult decision to make.
To leave one of your children behind as you fled?
But Kurdish fighters later found the boy and brought him to a hospital
Here, the BBC found him, badly dehydrated
No one knew his name or who his parents were.
Jalal was eventually alerted by a relative who saw a picture
He made the journey to Syria yesterday,
We travelled to the frontline of the now meaningless border
These fighters, mostly Syrian Kurds, have been battling IS
They say they are not intimidated by the Islamist group's gruesome
You can see buildings just a few hundred metres from here.
That is where the Isis fighters are based.
These two sides are literally eyeball to eyeball here.
As we watched, the fighters spot some IS patrols on
They fire off a few shots, just to remind them that we are
The people in this camp don't even count
towards the figure of 3 million refugees from the Syrian war.
Thousands of Yazidis have found temporary refuge here inside Kurdish
But they don't feel safe and many say they have already made
up their minds to abandon their homeland for good.
With me now is Andrej Mahecic, the spokesperson to the United Nations
This 3 million, it is a grim milestone to have reached. This is
only the registered number of refugees? Exactly, this is what we
have on the books, what we can vouch for. There are many, many more who
have fled to neighbouring countries and who have decided not to approach
the authorities, not to register. But the idea, part of the community.
At the moment, the present and enormous burden on neighbouring
countries who are now hosting 96% of all Syrian refugees. There is an
additional number of 6.5 million internally displaced inside Syria.
When you put these figures together, that is half of Sadiyah's
population. Half of Syria's population have been forced to
abandon their homes. Regardless of what we do in Syria to help, it is
still far from what their needs are. At the moment, we have been able to
help some 2.5 million Syrians inside the country and we are working in
the region to help the 3 million. But the needs are massive. This year
alone, between now and the end of the year, we need about $2 billion
to meet immediate needs. In the coming weeks, we will be looking at
the Winter issues. At least 2.5 million people will be needing help.
It is important to understand why people are fleeing the conflict.
There is death, displacement and destruction inside Syria. Some of
these settlements today look like lunar surfaces, not even one brick
left on another break. People have been displaced inside Syria before
and they have decided to leave because they cannot bear to stay any
longer. You paint a very graphic picture and you see that the UN
still needs a further $2 billion to help alleviate some of this pain.
Tell me where most of these refugees have ended up. First of all, they
are in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey. In Lebanon, we have more than 1.1
million refugees. In Turkey, more than 800,000. In Jordan, more than
600,000. In Iraq, 250,000. When you add that up, it is clear that the
region is sinking under this pressure. Our country is able to
cope? These countries have been taken for granted and need
assistance. We are calling for the international community to address
the root causes of conflict, but also to continue support for the
Syrian refugees and the countries hosting them and look for a way to
end the conflict and the suffering of the Syrian people. Thank you.
A terrorist attack against Britain is now highly likely, as a result
That's the verdict of the British government which has increased
its threat level from Substantial, when an attack is deemed a strong
possibility, to Severe, which means an attack is highly likely.
It's the second highest terror level behind critical, which indicates
There's currently no intelligence suggesting an attack is imminent
but people are being urged to remain vigiliant.
The Prime Minister says the Islamic State group is
a greater threat to British security than any seen before.
Today I want to tell you other competent approach rotating. We have
been shocked and sickened by the barbaric murder of American
journalist James Foley. We've all been shocked
and sickened by the barbaric murder And by the voice
of what increasingly seems to have been a British terrorist recorded
on that video. It was clear evidence,
not that any more was needed, that this is not some foreign
conflict thousands of miles from The ambition to create
an extremist caliphate in the heart of Iraq and Syria is a threat to
our own security here in the UK. That is in addition to the many
other Al Qaeda inspired terrorist So what exactly is the threat to
the UK Our Correspondent Frank
Gardner has this analysis. who have gone to Syria with many
joining the violent extremist group At least half that number have
already returned to Britain. It's the job of MI5,
the security service, headquarters here in London,
to detect any plans anyone may have They are helped by communications
intercepts from GCHQ, Together their input is assessed
by a group of 100 analysts who then advise the government what is the
level of risk facing the public. The newly raised terror threat level
is partly a response to what you could call easy Jihad because to
join an extremist group like ISIS British passport holders have simply
been hopping on a flight to Turkey, getting a bus to the border
and then walking into Syria. Well over 200 have now returned
to Britain, many of them having This is also the age
of social media jihad, with tweets and postings on Facebook attracting
a constant stream of recruits. And then there are the gaps
in the government response. Despite some new measures,
put bluntly, there just aren't enough policemen and spies to watch
around the clock everybody who comes I think the terrorist threat level
we are seeing at the moment linked to Syria and Iraq is one that is
very real and very substantial. You're dealing with
a situation where you've got groups fighting in Syria in Iraq who have
expressed a rhetoric of wanting to You've got a substantial body
of foreigners and Britons in particular who have been out to
fight there, some of whom have come back, and we have
seen across Europe at least four or five plots that have been disrupted
with links to Syria and Iraq. One that wasn't stopped was
a shooting in Brussels in May Here the government fears more
opportunistic attacks like this and last year's murder
of an off-duty soldier in Woolwich. The police and MI5 now work
so closely right across the country that it's far
harder than it used to be for terrorists to plan a large scale
attack like the London bombings. But the longer the Syrian conflict
continues, the greater the risk that some of those who have taken part
in it may be tempted to use Now a look at some
of the day's other news. The eurozone inflation rate has
fallen to 0.3% in August, adding The drop was driven by lower food
and energy prices, and is a sign that firms and households aren't
spending or generating wealth. The figures will add to pressure on
the European Central Bank to take The authorities
in Iceland have scaled back their aviation warning from red to
orange after the Bardarbunga volcano The red alert was precautionary and,
although it's been reduced, planes are still banned from flying withing
a three-mile radius of the volcano. So far, it hasn't produced any ash
cloud which could endanger aircraft. Google has announced its developing
a fleet of airborne drones designed to deliver packages to people more
quickly by bypassing traffic. Project Wing has been running
for two years, The prototypes have been
successfully tested by delivering packages to remote
farms in Queensland in Australia, Senegal has become the fifth
country West African country to be The authorities announced that
the virus had been carried by a man from neighbouring Guinea
who is now under quarantine. The current outbreak in west Africa
has been the worst on record. 600 people have died in Liberia
alone. Our correspondent Tamasin Ford has
been to the Liberia and Ivory Coast border where preparations are being
made to prevent Ebola An unnerving silence replaces
the normally vibrant border. All official crossing points
into Liberia and Guinea were closed The latest government
efforts to avoid Ebola. Trucks are already beginning to pile
up on this side of the border. Authorities say health is more
important than trade, but people here have no idea when
the borders are going to reopen. People are suffering financially
but many are relieved This woman's family is
on the other side. She says it's difficult
but the fear of Ebola is worse. I'm afraid of death because it is
not a trip you can return from. We've been told not to eat bush
meat, not to shake hands Beyond these mountains lies Liberia
where Ebola is now out of control. Thick but porous rainforest is all
that separates Ivory Coast from This is one of five Ebola
treatment centres in the region. Doctors are practising what to do
if a suspected case arrives. We have done
the maximum possible to be ready and As soon
as any suspected case arrives. You can never be ready enough but I
think we are strong enough to fight The heat inside the suit is
the biggest difficulty, he says. Two or three hours are
the most anyone can last. Countries have been accused
of abandoning the Ebola-hit nations, closing borders
and suspending flights. But Ivory Coast says it will do
anything it can to fight Ebola. Hopes of a breakthrough in the fight
against Ebola have been raised after Canada's Public Health Agency
announced that the experimental drug Z-Mapp proved to be 100% effective
in tests carried out on monkeys. The experimental drug cured
the macaque monkeys even when administered five days after
infection and even while the animals However, the effectiveness
in humans is still unclear. Two out of the seven people
treated with Z-MAPP have died. It's 50 years since Roald Dahl wrote
the children's classic The book's characters have
become household names. But it turns out they were only
part of the original story. The discovery of new unpublished
chapters reveals Dahl had intended to include more children lucky
enough to win the golden ticket and meet Willy Wonka, but dropped
them from the final version. This report from our Arts Editor
Will Gompertz begins with Lots of things that don't happen
in life will probably happen He always managed to add
a few surprises. When Roald Dahl originally wrote
the story, they were ten, not five, I'm sitting in a re-creation
of Roald Dahl's writing hut at his museum in Great Missenden
and in front of me is an early draft of what would become
Charlie And The Chocolate Factory. It's full of edits and corrections
and it's even called Charlie's Chapter 5, the Vanilla Fudge Room,
was cut by the author. It saw the demise
of two unused characters, Both of whom were disobedient
and spoilt. They were discovered
along with their parents in the author's archive by a writer who
was impressed by what she found. I admire him more, I think,
because you literally see more You can see the invention, it's even
more ceaseless and fertile, but also Charlie is only the second
children's book he ever wrote. The illustrator Quentin Blake worked
with Roald Dahl and has produced many drawings for
Charlie And The Chocolate Factory. I knew that he rewrote
and rewrote many times. For this last chapter
about the Vanilla Fudge Mountain, he's leading a group of people who
aren't in the final book. It's interesting to see something
at an earlier stage, what happened So how does it feel
when it comes to leaving a character It's really sad,
but sometimes they don't do anything to further the plot or they don't do
anything to bring as much as they should and you kind of feel you're
placing that on them a little bit. The extra characters had to go
because they overcomplicated the story but half a century later, they
do give a fascinating insight into the creative process of one of the
world's most imaginative authors. If you like your politicians to be
clean cut and behave impeccably, you're probably not going to vote
for Canada's Rob Ford. He's admitted being drunk in public,
confessed to smoking crack cocaine, and been videoed swearing
and using threatening language. But as far as we're aware he's
never been seen like this. This is the Toronto mayor
at a council meeting having a dance and a sing-a-long with the
band Jay Douglas and the All Stars. They're performing Bob Marley's
"One Love." Whether Mr Ford's moves will go
down well with That's when he's running
for re-election. Good evening. Some reasonable
weather on the way this weekend. A lot of dry weather and bright and
sunny spells and with light wind, it should feel quite pleasant. Through
this evening and overnight, it will stay pretty windy across the British
Isles. If you are going out in the next few hours, bring an umbrella.
Most places will season