01/09/2014 World News Today


01/09/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alice Baxter.

:00:00.:00:00.

A setback for Ukrainian forces as they're forced to withdraw

:00:00.:00:11.

Pro-Russian separatists have made gains in the east of the country -

:00:12.:00:15.

Ukraine's President has accused Moscow of direct

:00:16.:00:17.

Iraqi Government forces drive Islamic State militants

:00:18.:00:24.

from the town of Amerli - we report on what life's been

:00:25.:00:26.

A Railway at War everything is safe, but we have a huge at work to do to

:00:27.:00:40.

restore this town back to what it was.

:00:41.:00:42.

The British Prime Minister unveils new powers to stop

:00:43.:00:45.

Britons going abroad to fight with terrorist groups.

:00:46.:00:51.

A Railway at War we will introduce legislation to fill this gap by

:00:52.:00:57.

providing police with temporary powers to seize a passport. They

:00:58.:00:59.

will be able to investigate individuals.

:01:00.:01:00.

We'll have all the comings and goings on football's transfer

:01:01.:01:03.

deadline day - the window closes in a few hours' time.

:01:04.:01:18.

Ukrainian forces fighting separatists in the east

:01:19.:01:22.

of the country have been forced to retreat from the strategically

:01:23.:01:26.

important airport at Luhansk after they were attacked by a column

:01:27.:01:30.

Kiev says it is also sending reinforcements to fight separatists

:01:31.:01:37.

in the north-eastern port city of Mariupol.

:01:38.:01:41.

Ukraine's President has again accused Russia

:01:42.:01:43.

of launching direct and open agression on the eastern region.

:01:44.:01:47.

But the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, denies there has

:01:48.:01:50.

been any military intervention, calling for "a peaceful settlement"

:01:51.:01:54.

Meanwhile, President Putin says Ukraine is refusing to engage in

:01:55.:02:00.

What is the essence of the tragedy that is happening now in Ukraine? I

:02:01.:02:17.

think the main reason is that the key authorities do not want to

:02:18.:02:20.

conduct substantive political dialogue with the east of the

:02:21.:02:24.

country. Now is the beginning of a very important process, the process

:02:25.:02:28.

of direct negotiations. We have been working on it for a long time and we

:02:29.:02:35.

agree with President Poroshenko, such contacts are starting now.

:02:36.:02:36.

our correspondent Mike Wooldridge has this report.

:02:37.:02:44.

In the restive region now at the centre of a progressively

:02:45.:02:49.

intensifying diplomatic crisis, pro-Russian separatists prepare to

:02:50.:02:52.

fight. One of their leaders said they were heading to Donetsk

:02:53.:02:56.

airport, shut at the end of May after clashes between the rebels and

:02:57.:03:00.

Government forces. It has been under control of the military ever since.

:03:01.:03:06.

Today, Russia's Foreign Minister repeated Moscow's denials of direct

:03:07.:03:14.

involvement in a new global push. He said talks on the Ukraine crisis is

:03:15.:03:17.

taking place today in Minsk were mainly about an imminent and

:03:18.:03:24.

unconditional cease-fire. But international concern now focusing

:03:25.:03:29.

on the key port city of Mariupol, its defence is being reinforced

:03:30.:03:33.

because it is only a short distance from the swathe of territory seized

:03:34.:03:39.

by separatists in recent days. Residents of Mariupol took to the

:03:40.:03:43.

streets yesterday to protest and to pray for peace. The Ukrainian

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President used a gathering of military cadets to accuse Russia of

:03:54.:03:55.

what he called direct and open aggression against his country. He

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said it had radically changed the situation in the zone of conflict.

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The US and Europe have also challenged -- charged rusher with

:04:06.:04:12.

sending its own troops to intervene. But the OSCE said today it was hard

:04:13.:04:16.

to confirm the presence of regular Russian forces within Ukrainian

:04:17.:04:22.

territory. That said, Australia has stepped up its sanctions against

:04:23.:04:28.

Russia. I want to make it clear, the bullying of small nations by big

:04:29.:04:31.

ones and assertions that might bullying of small nations by big

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right should have no place in our world. In the latest developments on

:04:37.:04:41.

the ground, Ukrainian officials say the troops have retreated from the

:04:42.:04:45.

airport close to this, the rebel stronghold of Luhansk, after coming

:04:46.:04:46.

under artillery fire. The German Chancellor, Angel Merkel,

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has said it was now clear that the conflict in Eastern Ukraine had

:04:50.:04:51.

never been an internal one, Let's talk about this radical change

:04:52.:04:54.

correspondent, Bridget Kendall. Let's talk about this radical change

:04:55.:05:07.

we have seen on the battle Let's talk about this radical change

:05:08.:05:11.

does seem to be an Let's talk about this radical change

:05:12.:05:16.

turnaround. Ukrainian to say this is about Russian troops coming over the

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turnaround. Ukrainian to say this is is typical of President Putin when

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there is a setback, you will remember when the ousted President

:05:26.:05:30.

Fred -- fled from the Ukraine, there is a pause and then he goes on the

:05:31.:05:34.

offensive. In that case, he took over Crimea. It does seem that the

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pictures of Russian hardware and troops coming over the border, and

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it is the case that Ukrainian forces are having to retreat, they seem to

:05:43.:05:48.

be very worried in Kiev that they are on the back foot. Moscow

:05:49.:05:53.

consistently saying they are not directly involved, but what do you

:05:54.:05:56.

think is the strategic thinking of the Kremlin? Mr Putin and his

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advisers keep saying we do not want to break up Ukraine or invade

:06:02.:06:05.

Ukraine. Maybe they really do mean that because it looks as though what

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they want to do is to make President Poroshenko realise he cannot win

:06:10.:06:13.

this war, that Russia is too powerful ally for the rebels to let

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that happen. And powerful ally for the rebels to let

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no choice but to reach a peace deal on Russia's terms. That brings us to

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no choice but to reach a peace deal talks, what Mr Putin wants is an

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agreement that bubble leaders in southeastern Ukraine should have a

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new status, which would give it a veto over important decisions in

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Kiev, which would give Russia a leverage to influence what happens

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in Kiev. Timing is important, this is on the eve of the NATO summit.

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Maybe Mr Putin is sending a message to the Ukrainian leader. Not to rely

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on NATO. We are seeing a softening of the tone coming out

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on NATO. We are seeing a softening conflict. Do you think that this

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plan you suggest of Mr Putin will actually work? I am not sure. He may

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think he is offering a decent deal to President Poroshenko, he is just

:07:18.:07:22.

saying that perhaps the root not break away, they just want more

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autonomy. But there is so little now. Kiev will be worried that this

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is a way of Russia poking its nose into Ukrainian politics. Besides

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which, when you try and force a position through threats, they and

:07:38.:07:43.

the European leaders may just think, Mr Putin is too dangerous, we have

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to stand up to him. We already know that tougher sanctions are around

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the corner and there will be intense debate on how we should help Ukraine

:07:52.:07:57.

inside the EU and inside NATO. How worried do you think Mr Putin and

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the Kremlin generally will be by those comments from Angela Merkel?

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Not that worried. The general view of the Kremlin is that this is an

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existential fight for them, they see Ukraine as part of Russia's broader

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sense of itself, they are prepared to go to the end on this and I think

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Europe will either be divided or it will care too much about trade and

:08:21.:08:24.

relations with Russia, and in the end, this will get resolved

:08:25.:08:27.

diplomatically and they will get their way.

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The Iraqi Army, backed by Shia militias and Kurdish

:08:31.:08:32.

fighters, is continuing its biggest offensive so far against

:08:33.:08:35.

Islamic State jihadists to try to win back towns and territory.

:08:36.:08:41.

The UN says about 1,400 people were killed

:08:42.:08:44.

The BBC's Gabriel Gatehouse managed to get into the town of Amerli,

:08:45.:08:49.

where thousands of people had been trapped for months.

:08:50.:09:08.

This is the first time in two months that we have been able to go down

:09:09.:09:14.

this road. We are skirting round Amerli to the East and trying to

:09:15.:09:20.

come at it from there, because of two are right, there are still

:09:21.:09:26.

pockets of Islamic State fighters. We are off dust everywhere, heading

:09:27.:09:34.

along a bumpy road. What we do not know is what we will find at the end

:09:35.:09:42.

of this, in Amerli. This is it, the entrance to Amerli, and these are

:09:43.:09:48.

the men who held out for two months, surrounded by Islamic State

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fighters. They say everything is OK now, everything is safe, but we have

:09:53.:09:55.

a huge amount of work to do to restore this time back to what it

:09:56.:10:05.

was. -- this town. These are incredibly emotional scenes. This

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commander who calls himself the son of Iraq, has not seen his family for

:10:12.:10:15.

two months. There have been tears, hugs and kisses, reuniting with his

:10:16.:10:26.

father and family. This woman is expanding to me how they survived

:10:27.:10:32.

those two long months. She would bake bread here in oven. But as

:10:33.:10:38.

fuel, they had to use cow dung. She has just been showing me. Down here,

:10:39.:10:45.

the cow dung is what they had to use as fuel, to fire the oven. The

:10:46.:10:52.

water, they had to rely on this tiny borehole over here. This tiny little

:10:53.:11:00.

hole in the ground is where they got their water from. She is saying that

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at times, they did not have enough milk for their babies and they ran

:11:06.:11:10.

out of flour, and life was very tough.

:11:11.:11:11.

British police will be given temporary powers to seize passports

:11:12.:11:13.

at UK borders of British citizens they believe are travelling abroad

:11:14.:11:16.

The Prime Minister says airlines will now be legally obliged to

:11:17.:11:22.

hand over passenger lists to help identify Islamist fighters.

:11:23.:11:27.

David Cameron told Parliament that the terrorist threat

:11:28.:11:30.

from the Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq poses a direct

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Our deputy political editor, James Landale, reports.

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No one knows how may Britons like these are fighting for Islamic State

:11:45.:11:50.

in Syria and Iraq. Some officials say about 500, others think it might

:11:51.:11:55.

be more. What we all agree is that some will pose a huge security

:11:56.:12:01.

threat if they return home. David Cameron's security people do not

:12:02.:12:04.

like him walk into Westminster, but today, just days after the threat

:12:05.:12:09.

level was raised to severe, the Prime Minister marched down

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Whitehall to tell MPs that threat from British jihadis was real. I

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have said all along there should not be a knee jerk reaction or the

:12:18.:12:20.

introduction of sweeping new powers that would ultimately be

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ineffective. That is not what those who work so hard to keep us safe

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want. They want a targeted approach that reflects a forensics focus on

:12:30.:12:34.

the threat we face. He announced the police would have temporary new

:12:35.:12:39.

powers to save -- sees passports. Airlines would have to hand over

:12:40.:12:42.

more information about passenger lists earlier, and security services

:12:43.:12:49.

would be given back the power to relocate terror suspects away from

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their home towns, power they have had until control orders were

:12:54.:12:58.

abolished. But it was clear that the coalition parties had been unable to

:12:59.:13:02.

agree on plans to stop British fighters returning home. We are

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clear that what we need is a targeted discretionary power to

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allow us to exclude British nationals from the UK and we will

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work up proposals on this basis with our agencies in line with our

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obligations and discuss the details on a cross-party basis. In other

:13:17.:13:28.

words, after days of warning about the threats from British jihadis,

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there is still no agreement about how to stop them coming home. The

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Government is constrained by law and politics. We have been listening to

:13:34.:13:37.

this for over a decade, it does not replace charges, evidence, proof and

:13:38.:13:42.

prison. The Government insists these announcements are not the whole

:13:43.:13:46.

story. These threats will only be resolved by political change on the

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ground. But that will not be coming soon.

:13:50.:13:50.

To Pakistan now, where there's been a day of violent clashes in the

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capital, Islamabad, as protestors continue to press their calls

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for the country's Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, to step down.

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At one point they occupied the headquarters of state

:14:00.:14:01.

broadcaster PTV, but were eventually ousted by security forces.

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With the very latest, here's Shazeb Jillani.

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Angry, violent and determined to get rid of the Pakistani Prime Minister.

:14:15.:14:24.

These protesters met with resistance when they stormed the headquarters

:14:25.:14:29.

of PTV. Once inside, they went on the rampage, smashing broadcast

:14:30.:14:38.

equipment and harassing staff. Protesters have managed to barge

:14:39.:14:41.

their way into PTV headquarters and they have made their way into some

:14:42.:14:46.

of the newsrooms. They are armed with sticks and the important thing

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is, we must remain calm, there is no reason to panic at this stage. Soon

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after, troops arrived and cleared the building. The protesters welcome

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the soldiers and shouted slogans in favour of the Pakistani army. The

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channel is now back on favour of the Pakistani army. The

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troops are now guarding the building. What this incident shows

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is that unless this confrontation is resolved peacefully, things can get

:15:13.:15:13.

out of hand. The Pakistani army has asked

:15:14.:15:17.

the government to resolve But without resorting to use

:15:18.:15:19.

of force. The Army's position appears to

:15:20.:15:24.

have emboldened the protesters. Earlier today, they pushed forward

:15:25.:15:27.

towards government buildings, The protesters now occupy more

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and more space on this main road He said he has used it on policemen,

:15:32.:15:36.

but in his defence. The government has said the Prime

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Minister will not resign, but it is running out of options to resolve

:15:54.:15:58.

this confrontation peacefully. With me is Shahid Sadullah, a

:15:59.:16:07.

commentator on Pakistani politics. Who is behind these protests? Do

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these opposition figures really enjoy mass popular support? The

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turnout in the demonstrations that have been going on have not been as

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massive as they were originally claimed to be. Imran Khan is a

:16:42.:16:42.

popular politician. claimed to be. Imran Khan is a

:16:43.:16:51.

8 million votes in the last election. But addressing your

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question, who is behind this? The common perception is that Imran

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Khan's demands are for the resignation of the Prime Minister,

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which is where everything has got stuck. Other demands have been

:17:20.:17:24.

agreed upon. That demand is so extreme that there is no

:17:25.:17:30.

constitutional way of solving it. Pakistan has spent 33 years of its

:17:31.:17:37.

60 years of independence under military rule. The most common

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conclusion is that the Armed Forces will be behind it. The president of

:17:43.:17:59.

the party of Imran Khan has left over the differences in strategy. He

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is quoted as saying that Imran Khan has said the Army was behind this.

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The storming of the television station came after two weeks of

:18:13.:18:21.

protests. People are asking if this could have happened without the

:18:22.:18:25.

consent of the Army? The government itself has been very slow in acting.

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It should originally... These troubles should have been taken care

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of much earlier. Protesters were killed and the government refused to

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launch an investigation. Imran Khan has been saying that the elections

:18:54.:19:00.

were not really free of malpractice. He has been seeing this the better

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part of 13 or 14 months. That demand has never really been addressed.

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There has been a lot that has been going on. Thank you for talking to

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us. Now a look at some

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of the day's other news. A couple who removed their

:19:20.:19:22.

seriously ill son from hospital in Britain are in a Spanish jail after

:19:23.:19:25.

refusing to return back to the UK. A judge in Madrid has ruled that

:19:26.:19:28.

the couple must be held while the court considers whether to grant

:19:29.:19:32.

Britain an extradition request. Five-year-old Ashya

:19:33.:19:37.

King has brain cancer. His family say they took him

:19:38.:19:39.

to Spain in search Iran's President, Hassan Rouhani,

:19:40.:19:43.

has urged his country's clerics to be more tolerant of the internet

:19:44.:19:48.

and new technologies. In a speech broadcast on Iranian

:19:49.:19:50.

television, Mr Rouhani said the internet was

:19:51.:19:53.

vital to connect with the world of science, and the younger generation

:19:54.:19:56.

should not be denied access to it. Edinburgh Zoo says it fears that

:19:57.:20:01.

the UK's only female giant panda Keepers say Tian Tian is now

:20:02.:20:05.

past her due date and hormone They say there is still a remote

:20:06.:20:15.

chance the panda might give birth this year but the evidence suggests

:20:16.:20:18.

it is more likely to be bad news. Now, for those of you looking for

:20:19.:20:26.

that little something extra in your In China, it seems,

:20:27.:20:29.

brides-and-grooms-to-be want a bit more than just

:20:30.:20:35.

a nice record of the day. John Sudworth reports

:20:36.:20:37.

on the country's booming industry It is a photo shoot guaranteed

:20:38.:20:39.

to take the breath away. China's buoyant,

:20:40.:20:55.

booming economy has seen a splurge in wedding spending in

:20:56.:20:57.

recent years and with it has come a It is special for us because a lot

:20:58.:21:01.

of couples choose original styles, I think underwater is more

:21:02.:21:09.

beautiful for the couple, I think. If you can't afford time off work

:21:10.:21:21.

for those special images, then why These photos of a paramilitary

:21:22.:21:25.

police officer and his wife recently Unlike in the West, couples have

:21:26.:21:31.

their main set of photographs taken well in advance of the wedding

:21:32.:21:42.

and with more than half a million registered wedding photographers

:21:43.:21:45.

countrywide, competition is fierce. In Shanghai alone, there are dozens

:21:46.:21:51.

of studios with the special tanks China might not have invented

:21:52.:21:54.

the genre, but it has caught on fast as old traditions are

:21:55.:22:04.

swamped by a flood of new ones. This photo shoot is costing this

:22:05.:22:09.

couple a little more than US$300, but with some ten million Chinese

:22:10.:22:14.

couples tying the knot each year, that spending soon adds up

:22:15.:22:19.

and the industry today is worth That is more than

:22:20.:22:22.

the total output of some European economies and includes all wedding

:22:23.:22:28.

spending, ceremonies, For photographers who want to hang

:22:29.:22:35.

onto their share of it, spotting the next new trend may

:22:36.:22:38.

decide whether they sink or swim. Now to football and the clock is

:22:39.:22:47.

ticking for clubs to sign that new star player with the transfer window

:22:48.:22:51.

closing across Europe within hours. English clubs such as

:22:52.:22:55.

Manchester United have already spent a record $1.3 billion

:22:56.:22:59.

on new players this year. Tulsen Tollett has all the latest

:23:00.:23:01.

news from the BBC Sport Centre. There are only a few hours left in a

:23:02.:23:21.

transfer window. It has been a busy day. Manchester United, Falcao, that

:23:22.:23:39.

is the biggest one. $10 million. Manchester United will pay on a

:23:40.:23:42.

permanent deal if everything works out for Falcao at Old Trafford, that

:23:43.:23:50.

is $72 million. That is not an eye watering amount of money for

:23:51.:23:54.

somebody described as the best in the world. But $10 million for a few

:23:55.:24:04.

months is a lot. He has been here for five years, for three different

:24:05.:24:15.

teams and he has a goal record of scoring in every game. And that is

:24:16.:24:18.

something that Manchester United need. Javier Hernandez has moved to

:24:19.:24:29.

Real Madrid, where will you fit in? I'm not sure of what the answer to

:24:30.:24:33.

that is. Perhaps it Real Madrid or in a situation where Benzema is

:24:34.:24:41.

guaranteed to start up front. He has been a player that has not benefited

:24:42.:24:46.

from having someone to challenge him. 24 hours ago, everyone thought

:24:47.:24:56.

that Falcao would be going to Real Madrid. Danny Welbeck, another one

:24:57.:25:07.

from Manchester United. There is talk of him going to Arsenal. I was

:25:08.:25:20.

in danger, people have a go at him when he does not sign players, but

:25:21.:25:24.

they will have a go at him if he signs as one. I was in danger has

:25:25.:25:28.

not come out and said he needs a striker, but why would he? -- ours

:25:29.:25:33.

and if they can get Danny Welbeck in on

:25:34.:25:41.

loan, that will look like a good deal. Lewis Holtby did not have a

:25:42.:25:48.

good time at Tottenham, he is on his way to Hamburg. That is a great

:25:49.:26:04.

deal. He has fallen off the face of international football since moving

:26:05.:26:08.

to Tottenham. I think he will be buying back in his homeland. What

:26:09.:26:16.

about better check, he has been treating today. -- better check...

:26:17.:26:31.

He has been saying that anything can happen today.

:26:32.:26:34.

Transfer deadline day, dreams are made and shattered today. I watering

:26:35.:26:44.

sums involved. That is from the programme. The weather coming up

:26:45.:26:46.

next.

:26:47.:26:51.

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