09/11/2015 World News Today


09/11/2015

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.

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The headlines, the World Anti-Doping Agency calls

:00:19.:00:20.

for Russia to be suspended from all athletics competitions.

:00:21.:00:22.

That ban could include next year's Rio Olympics.

:00:23.:00:24.

Investigators say there was widespread doping that must have

:00:25.:00:27.

happened with the approval of the Russian authorities.

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Our sport has to be clean, has to be seen to be clean at all times. You

:00:50.:01:02.

do whatever you possibly can to do that.

:01:03.:01:03.

The head of the German Football Association resigns

:01:04.:01:05.

amid a widening scandal about the awarding of the 2006 World Cup.

:01:06.:01:08.

Aung San Suu Kyi is confident of victory in Myanmar's

:01:09.:01:10.

parliamentary elections after sweeping gains in early results.

:01:11.:01:12.

A warning the climate is moving into unchartered territory

:01:13.:01:16.

Hello and welcome. Our main news, the hard-hitting report from the

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world anti-doping agency which found widespread doping abuses by Russian

:01:30.:01:31.

athletes and inaction by the IAAF. The world anti-doping agency says

:01:32.:01:37.

Russia should be suspended from athletics competition,

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including next year's Olympics, It accuses the Russian government of

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complicity in a state supported doping programme. The former British

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athlete, Sebastian Kehl, who now leads the IAAF, says the process of

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considering sanctions against Russia has started and he has given was go

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until the end of the week to respond. Russian officials have

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rejected the claims as baseless. Here's our sports correspondent

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Richard Conway with more details. Investigators say that athletics is

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in a deep crisis. Russian athletes were the subject of widespread,

:02:24.:02:26.

state sponsored doping. It is worse than we thought. We found cover-ups,

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we find destruction of samples and the Bora Bora trees, we found

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payments of money to conceal doping tests. The panel say they found some

:02:38.:02:43.

nasty surprises during the course of their investigation and make some

:02:44.:02:46.

specific recommendations, such as calling for five athletes and five

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coaches to get lifetime doping bans. The report also identifies systemic

:02:52.:02:56.

failures that prevents an effective anti-doping programme. And it states

:02:57.:03:01.

the London 2012 Olympics were sabotaged by the widespread in

:03:02.:03:06.

action against Russian athletes. It is quite saddening to find out that

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that is the level of doping that was going on but let's not take away

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from the position that the IAAF and the accusation that people have been

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compliant in allowing it to go on and may or may not have allegedly

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taking bribes in order to turn a blind eye to what was going on. It's

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incredibly disappointing. In addition, the commissioners say

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Russian secret police infiltrated doping laboratories in Moscow and

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that the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014. Their report also details how

:03:40.:03:47.

over 1400 lab samples were destroyed in Moscow, just three days prior to

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an audit by the world anti-doping agency. Their recommendations they

:03:52.:03:55.

believe now must be augmented if Russia is to be rehabilitated. Our

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recommendation is that the Russian Federation be suspended. One of our

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hopes is that they will volunteer that so they can undertake the

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remedial work in time to make sure that Russian athletes can compete

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under a new framework, if you like. If they don't, then it has to to

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play itself out and the outcome may be that there are no Russian track

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and field athletes in Rio. Journalists who have investigated

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the country say medals may have been wrongly awarded. In August, we did

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write about those files and they did show widespread cheating in

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athletics, something like 55 gold medals were won at Olympics and

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World Championships by athletes who were cheating. A lot of them were

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Russian but there were all sorts of other nationalities as well. The

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IAAF, which is already wrestling with allegations of a high-level

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cover-up, will now consider what sanctions to take against Russia.

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But they say the suspension of one of the world's athletic superpowers

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could now be implemented. Let's bring you more with the president of

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the IAAF. We have to go through a process and there is a legal process

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as well. I sought the approval of my colleagues. I got that within

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minutes this afternoon. I have asked the Russian Federation to report

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within the next 24, 48 hours and by Friday, depending upon what they say

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and on the basis that my council come together, then we will review

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that. I think this is very swift. It's urgent. You told the BBC

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yesterday that your preferred option was engagement rather than isolation

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when it came to possible sanctions against countries. As your position

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therefore shifted? No, my instinct is always about engagement rather

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than isolation. I do genuinely believe you affect change by doing

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that but I also have to accept that the allegations that have been made

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today, the depth of those allegations and this is a 320 page

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report, we didn't get that report until you guys did, afterwards, so

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we are reviewing and absorbing that. If there are frailties within our

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anti-doping systems, I will fix them. If there are corporate

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governance is that should have been in place, particularly around

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criminal allegations made at the beginning of the week, we will fix

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those as well. What has been the reaction from

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Russia? The Russian head of athletics

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Association has already said that neither the International Olympic

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Committee nor another group can suspend Russia from the real index.

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Mostly, they say that they have not been wading for such massive

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allegations and as the general secretary of the Russian athletics

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Federation told us, it was quite a big surprise to hear such a massive

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allegation and they need time to analyse all of these accusations.

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Mostly, they say of course there could be blame upon some athletes.

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The former president of the Federation as well but not the whole

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team. They also saying the blame should be

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shared with other countries? Russia is not alone in this?

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Yes. Mostly, they say that it should be shared with the IAAF itself

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because of the bribery allegations. There has been the rest of the

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former president. Here also is from Federation, you know, there were

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some changes in... There is a new head of the Federation and they say

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there are changes and they are getting in a way of the anti-doping

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enquiries. They are also hoping to support investigations which we held

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after this report. The BBC's sports editor has been

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watching events unfold from Geneva. I asked him, in terms of sporting

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scandals, how big is this one? It is the worst doping scandal the

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sport has ever seen. I don't say that lightly. Sport is no stranger

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to controversy on scandal. If you think of Fever for example, the most

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obvious example in recent times. -- Fifa. It has been brought to its

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knees after years of corruption. Those allegations have been coming

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for years and intensifying in recent months. We have seen doping scandals

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in sport. High profile ones, systematic scandals like East

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Germany in the Cold War, when there seemed to be states Don Stud doping

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on a large scale. -- state-sponsored. Lance Armstrong as

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well, more recently, who eventually confessed to doping and received a

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life ban. That was another dreadful day for sport. The reason why this

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perhaps is more serious than any of those in the past was because it

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doesn't just involve cheating on a grand scale in Russia. The very

:09:34.:09:40.

people at the top of the sport, athletics's world governing body,

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the IAAF, stand accused of corruption and bribery. The

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suspicion is they blackmailed cheating athletes and agreed to

:09:49.:09:53.

cover up their doping in return for payment. I think it is that element

:09:54.:09:57.

of it, the fact they may have manipulated results on the track,

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they may have let down the very athletes, the clean competitors who

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they are meant to be protecting, that makes this such a shocking

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incident in sport and is surely the darkest day, that track and field,

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the signature sport of the Olympics, has ever seen.

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There have been a lot of reaction from high-profile athletes. Jenny

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Meadows says, always suspected it but finally, confirmation that the

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Russian athletics Federation have denied me of my finest moments of my

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career. Dixon, a marathon runner, has said, hate liars. Hate cheats.

:10:38.:10:42.

Hate dopers. Hate that my beautiful sport is being dragged through the

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mud. And New Zealand middle-distance runner, Nick Willis, said this,

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Russian athletes are not the sole perpetrators. Let's hope they

:10:52.:10:55.

investigate all the major complaint is non-complicit in doping control.

:10:56.:10:58.

Athletics isn't the only sport to be engulfed in scandal.

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Accusations of corruption have enveloped world

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The latest head to roll is that of the president German football

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Although he insists he's done nothing wrong, Mr Niersbach says

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he's taking what he called political responsibility for a $7 million

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payment to Fifa, allegedly used to pay bribes for supporting Germany's

:11:18.:11:19.

Damian McGuinness is in Berlin and has explained the background to

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this. When this scandal first broke in

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October, officials at the German football Association denied flat out

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that there was any wrongdoing. They said there had been no illegal

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payments, there was no slush fund. What then happened, over the last

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week, we have seen new allegations emerging. It has now become clear

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there have been payments which cannot be clarified. It is not clear

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why so much money has been paid Fifa. To this was then said it was a

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loan. Today, this man has now resigned, which effectively is an

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admission that something was not right. He said he had no knowledge

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of wrongdoing. He didn't know of any illegal payments. But that is not

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the same thing as no illegal payments happen. The reason he set

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down, he said, was because he wanted to make sure this is clarified. He

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doesn't want the German football Association damaged. He says that he

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is still not clear what exactly happened. There are a lot of

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questions that have to be answered. The allegations have not been

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confessed to. They haven't been proven. But there is certainly

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something going on which we don't know about. This is why the

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president has now resigned and an investigation will carry on. There

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is an allegation that Germany bought votes in order to be able to host

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the 2006 World Cup. It's a big allegation and a major one that they

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need to get to the bottom of, if it is not going to damage the German

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football industry. She was kept for 15 years under

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house arrest, has won the Nobel Peace Prize and now Aung San Suu Kyi

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may be about to make history. In Myanmar's first openly contested

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national election for a quarter of a century, her party says it

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expects to win by a landslide. It would be a remarkable feat

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for a woman who became one of the world's most prominent political

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prisoners, barred for so long from But even if, as is looking likely,

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her party wins, Aung San Suuu Kyi will be prevented

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from becoming president Only a small number of seats have

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been declared but this is the headquarters of the political party,

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the National League for democracy. People have been coming here to

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celebrate. They think that they have won a decisive victory in this

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election and everything that we have been able to find out in terms of

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speaking to people at polling stations and the few declared

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results that are coming through, do appear to suggest that it has won

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decisively. Large numbers of people coming here throughout the day, to

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dance and sing. Aung San Suu Kyi was also hear herself. It's pretty clear

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that the NLD are going to win the largest number of seats. The big

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question is whether they are going to get over the two thirds threshold

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because with the Army holding a quarter of the seats in parliament,

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they are going to need two thirds of all the contested seats

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they are going to need two thirds of have control of the destiny of the

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presidency. Certainly, then feeling amongst the people here is that they

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will manage to do it. NLD! Do you think you are going to win a

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majority? Yes. Totally. We are so happy. Not many results here but

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still pretty confident here. It does certainly, from this biased

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standpoint, that the NLD have done well. They have to wait a couple of

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days to find out just how well that is.

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The US has congratulated the people of my MR but George Ernest says more

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work is needed to bring about effective democracy there. He said

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it is too early to say whether US policy towards the country would

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change. It's already clear that and sang Suji has had a powerful voice

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in bringing about some much-needed reform and change to the political

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system inside Burma. Ultimately, what set of official

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responsibilities she will have will be the responsibility of the

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Pyrenees people and the Burmese government to determine.

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I'm joined now by Anna Roberts, Executive Director of

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Burma Campaign UK, which works for human rights, democracy

:15:59.:16:00.

How obviously, this is a day that you are celebrating but we should be

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clear that this doesn't mean a clean sweeping away of the military in

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power. They still hold a lot of influence. Of course it is a day to

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celebrate what is an anticipated landslide victory for the NLD and

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that is reason to celebrate but we do need to bear in mind and keep in

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context, what this election is happening. There is a military draft

:16:34.:16:36.

a constitution which means that the military will ultimately be more

:16:37.:16:41.

powerful than any future NLD government. An NLT government will

:16:42.:16:46.

be limited in what it is able to achieve. Very high expectations for

:16:47.:16:50.

change but the reality is, the opportunities for change will be

:16:51.:16:54.

limited for the future. That is if they are able to form a government.

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Given that, what will be their priority? There has been so much

:17:01.:17:04.

focus on and sang Cici get into power, having her voice. What

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difference would it make? The top priority for the National League for

:17:11.:17:13.

democracy has been to reform this constitution. This was brought in

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and drafted by the military dictatorship. They were in a

:17:19.:17:21.

situation where they wanted to have sanctions dropped, international

:17:22.:17:25.

pressure dropped. They wanted to move from their pariah status and

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they wanted to allow a hybrid form, with limited space for government

:17:31.:17:34.

but where it still retains ultimate power. That is what we are seeing

:17:35.:17:39.

today. Although the NLD government will want to amend the constitution,

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within that constitution is a guaranteed veto for the military if

:17:46.:17:48.

they don't want further change. It has been very clear so far that

:17:49.:17:51.

these are the military if they don't want further change. It has been

:17:52.:17:54.

very clear so far that these other red lines. The military does not

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want further democratic reform so they are preferred to see an NLD

:17:58.:18:01.

government with limited powers but the military will retain key powers.

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It will directly control the police, the army, the judiciary. So, in

:18:06.:18:10.

terms of human rights abuses, a future NLD government could find

:18:11.:18:16.

themselves powerless to prevent some of the worst human rights abuses. We

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could continue to see prisoners, attacks against ethnic people

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because these are beyond the control of the civilian government. These

:18:25.:18:28.

are issues where and sang Suji has been criticised, for example, not

:18:29.:18:31.

prioritising the plight of the Muslims which has pushed so many of

:18:32.:18:37.

them to take to water and to become refugees. She has come in for a lot

:18:38.:18:41.

of criticism in terms of her silence with the plight of the red hinge,

:18:42.:18:47.

who are an ethnic Muslim minority, suffering some of the worst human

:18:48.:18:51.

rights abuses of any group in the world. They have been

:18:52.:18:54.

disenfranchised from the selection. You have to remember there are

:18:55.:18:57.

millions of people in Burma who are not celebrating because they were

:18:58.:19:00.

not able to take part in the election this weekend. That includes

:19:01.:19:07.

these Muslims but also ethnic minorities as well. It is important

:19:08.:19:12.

to remember the group -- the root causes of who is causing these

:19:13.:19:17.

abuses and that is the military. Any future government will be

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constrained in terms of what they can do, if they have the will and

:19:20.:19:25.

the history of and sang Suji has not been altogether positive.

:19:26.:19:31.

We have to leave it there. Global average temperatures are set

:19:32.:19:36.

to cross a significant threshold this year,

:19:37.:19:38.

rising by one degree Centigrade since the Industrial Revolution

:19:39.:19:40.

according to the Met office. It says the Earth's climate is now

:19:41.:19:43.

moving into uncharted territory. Icebergs in the waters off

:19:44.:19:56.

Greenland. The Arctic is one of the fastest warming regions on the

:19:57.:20:01.

planet. The first sign, according to scientists, of the sort of changes

:20:02.:20:06.

climate change could bring. Today, news of another milestone. A news

:20:07.:20:12.

conference in London confirmed that the global average temperature has

:20:13.:20:15.

risen one Celsius over the past century. This is really forcing the

:20:16.:20:22.

scientific conclusion that as we increase carbon dioxide

:20:23.:20:25.

concentrations in the atmosphere, climate is going to warm. This is

:20:26.:20:28.

another piece of evidence that is right now. These latest figures show

:20:29.:20:34.

how much temperatures have risen since Victorian times and the heyday

:20:35.:20:38.

of the industrial revolution. This graph from the Met office tracks the

:20:39.:20:43.

global average from the period 1850 to 1900, sometimes at depths. More

:20:44.:20:48.

recently, it has been rising and it is now on the point of reaching a

:20:49.:20:53.

decrease of one Celsius. That is significant because it is halfway to

:20:54.:20:57.

the first 2 degrees threshold of warming which is widely accepted as

:20:58.:21:03.

safe. Even that will bring all kinds of impacts. More flooding is one

:21:04.:21:07.

possible effect and researchers say even what sounds like mild warming

:21:08.:21:13.

could prove very serious. A 2 degrees world would mean more

:21:14.:21:18.

floods, more heat waves, less land available for crops, more water

:21:19.:21:22.

stress and drying of areas we currently use for growing food. Even

:21:23.:21:26.

2 degrees will impact hundreds of millions of people. Violent skies

:21:27.:21:32.

earlier this year. Warm air can hold more moisture so rainstorms may well

:21:33.:21:37.

become more intense in future. There are, of course, a lot of

:21:38.:21:40.

uncertainties about how the climate may change. It feels like a long

:21:41.:21:46.

time ago now, but last summer in Britain saw the hottest July day

:21:47.:21:51.

ever. That doesn't prove anything on its own. Scientists say there is a

:21:52.:21:58.

pattern of rising temperatures. Barack Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu

:21:59.:22:05.

say they have not given up on finding peace in the Middle East.

:22:06.:22:09.

The Israeli prime ministers arrived at the White House today, with

:22:10.:22:12.

protesters gathered outside. Both leaders were speaking for the first

:22:13.:22:18.

time since relations between the two countries deteriorated.

:22:19.:22:28.

Sierra Leone has been declared free of a bowler. Tying them for our

:22:29.:22:33.

global health correspondence to look at the impact of the outbreak,

:22:34.:22:36.

particularly on tourism which was just picking up after the Civil War

:22:37.:22:42.

when Ebola struck. The first Sunday of Arne Bowler free

:22:43.:22:45.

Sierra Leone. What better place to celebrate? This place is home to the

:22:46.:22:52.

country's only surf school but it has fallen on hard times. We used to

:22:53.:23:01.

get expat and international surfers but because of the Ebola, we don't

:23:02.:23:05.

have anything, no customers. Its three difficult because we need

:23:06.:23:14.

tourism and without tourism, there is no possibility for us to survive

:23:15.:23:19.

and everything will shut down. But for the first time since the

:23:20.:23:24.

outbreak started, the bus-load of intrepid travellers touring West

:23:25.:23:29.

Africa by road rolls onto the beach. Our members are not as good as in

:23:30.:23:33.

the past and I am sure the fear of a bowler is scaring a lot of people

:23:34.:23:38.

off. Tourism of Africa has been affected, even in countries miles

:23:39.:23:42.

from the outbreak. People really need tourists coming back because it

:23:43.:23:46.

is being held for them. What would you say to people who are really

:23:47.:23:50.

worried about coming here? They are still scared about a bowler. I would

:23:51.:23:56.

say, honestly, it's such a beautiful place and the people are so

:23:57.:24:02.

friendly. Hopefully it has passed for other now. From what I've seen,

:24:03.:24:09.

said DiMaggio. Don't be scared. It's well worth a visit. The traders are

:24:10.:24:14.

delighted to see tourists today but they know it will probably be a

:24:15.:24:20.

while before they seem more. Every business here was hit hard by the

:24:21.:24:24.

outbreak. These stalls have only just started opening again in the

:24:25.:24:28.

last few months but it is mainly international aid workers who are

:24:29.:24:33.

coming here. Soon, these people will leave and these market traders will

:24:34.:24:38.

lose their livelihoods. And their livelihoods support this village.

:24:39.:24:41.

Many here relied on money generated from tourism. This is the health

:24:42.:24:49.

centre you are building. Yes, this is the health centre. Martha Normand

:24:50.:24:53.

showed me what some of the cash had been being used for. I have not been

:24:54.:24:59.

able to finish it because we have no many as yet. We don't have money to

:25:00.:25:05.

complete it. No tourism. When people come to the beach, we will get some

:25:06.:25:11.

money. Sierra Leone wants to be known for this, its dazzling

:25:12.:25:13.

beaches, not a deadly disease. The Spanish Prime Minister has said

:25:14.:25:20.

he is ready to use all powers at his disposal to stop Catalonia breaking

:25:21.:25:23.

away from the rest of Spain. Speaking after Catalonia's regional

:25:24.:25:26.

parliament in Barcelona approved a resolution declaring

:25:27.:25:28.

independence, Mariano Rajoy said he would go to the Constitutional Court

:25:29.:25:30.

to challenge the move. Infrared scans point to a possible

:25:31.:25:48.

secret chamber behind the wall of Tutankhamen's team. The analysis

:25:49.:25:52.

shows an area of the North Wall which is warmer than the rest and

:25:53.:25:58.

that could suggest an open space. That is all. Thanks very much for

:25:59.:26:00.

being with us.

:26:01.:26:03.

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