09/11/2015 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.


The headlines, the World Anti-Doping Agency calls


for Russia to be suspended from all athletics competitions.


That ban could include next year's Rio Olympics.


Investigators say there was widespread doping that must have


happened with the approval of the Russian authorities.


Our sport has to be clean, has to be seen to be clean at all times. You


do whatever you possibly can to do that.


The head of the German Football Association resigns


amid a widening scandal about the awarding of the 2006 World Cup.


Aung San Suu Kyi is confident of victory in Myanmar's


parliamentary elections after sweeping gains in early results.


A warning the climate is moving into unchartered territory


Hello and welcome. Our main news, the hard-hitting report from the


world anti-doping agency which found widespread doping abuses by Russian


athletes and inaction by the IAAF. The world anti-doping agency says


Russia should be suspended from athletics competition,


including next year's Olympics, It accuses the Russian government of


complicity in a state supported doping programme. The former British


athlete, Sebastian Kehl, who now leads the IAAF, says the process of


considering sanctions against Russia has started and he has given was go


until the end of the week to respond. Russian officials have


rejected the claims as baseless. Here's our sports correspondent


Richard Conway with more details. Investigators say that athletics is


in a deep crisis. Russian athletes were the subject of widespread,


state sponsored doping. It is worse than we thought. We found cover-ups,


we find destruction of samples and the Bora Bora trees, we found


payments of money to conceal doping tests. The panel say they found some


nasty surprises during the course of their investigation and make some


specific recommendations, such as calling for five athletes and five


coaches to get lifetime doping bans. The report also identifies systemic


failures that prevents an effective anti-doping programme. And it states


the London 2012 Olympics were sabotaged by the widespread in


action against Russian athletes. It is quite saddening to find out that


that is the level of doping that was going on but let's not take away


from the position that the IAAF and the accusation that people have been


compliant in allowing it to go on and may or may not have allegedly


taking bribes in order to turn a blind eye to what was going on. It's


incredibly disappointing. In addition, the commissioners say


Russian secret police infiltrated doping laboratories in Moscow and


that the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014. Their report also details how


over 1400 lab samples were destroyed in Moscow, just three days prior to


an audit by the world anti-doping agency. Their recommendations they


believe now must be augmented if Russia is to be rehabilitated. Our


recommendation is that the Russian Federation be suspended. One of our


hopes is that they will volunteer that so they can undertake the


remedial work in time to make sure that Russian athletes can compete


under a new framework, if you like. If they don't, then it has to to


play itself out and the outcome may be that there are no Russian track


and field athletes in Rio. Journalists who have investigated


the country say medals may have been wrongly awarded. In August, we did


write about those files and they did show widespread cheating in


athletics, something like 55 gold medals were won at Olympics and


World Championships by athletes who were cheating. A lot of them were


Russian but there were all sorts of other nationalities as well. The


IAAF, which is already wrestling with allegations of a high-level


cover-up, will now consider what sanctions to take against Russia.


But they say the suspension of one of the world's athletic superpowers


could now be implemented. Let's bring you more with the president of


the IAAF. We have to go through a process and there is a legal process


as well. I sought the approval of my colleagues. I got that within


minutes this afternoon. I have asked the Russian Federation to report


within the next 24, 48 hours and by Friday, depending upon what they say


and on the basis that my council come together, then we will review


that. I think this is very swift. It's urgent. You told the BBC


yesterday that your preferred option was engagement rather than isolation


when it came to possible sanctions against countries. As your position


therefore shifted? No, my instinct is always about engagement rather


than isolation. I do genuinely believe you affect change by doing


that but I also have to accept that the allegations that have been made


today, the depth of those allegations and this is a 320 page


report, we didn't get that report until you guys did, afterwards, so


we are reviewing and absorbing that. If there are frailties within our


anti-doping systems, I will fix them. If there are corporate


governance is that should have been in place, particularly around


criminal allegations made at the beginning of the week, we will fix


those as well. What has been the reaction from


Russia? The Russian head of athletics


Association has already said that neither the International Olympic


Committee nor another group can suspend Russia from the real index.


Mostly, they say that they have not been wading for such massive


allegations and as the general secretary of the Russian athletics


Federation told us, it was quite a big surprise to hear such a massive


allegation and they need time to analyse all of these accusations.


Mostly, they say of course there could be blame upon some athletes.


The former president of the Federation as well but not the whole


team. They also saying the blame should be


shared with other countries? Russia is not alone in this?


Yes. Mostly, they say that it should be shared with the IAAF itself


because of the bribery allegations. There has been the rest of the


former president. Here also is from Federation, you know, there were


some changes in... There is a new head of the Federation and they say


there are changes and they are getting in a way of the anti-doping


enquiries. They are also hoping to support investigations which we held


after this report. The BBC's sports editor has been


watching events unfold from Geneva. I asked him, in terms of sporting


scandals, how big is this one? It is the worst doping scandal the


sport has ever seen. I don't say that lightly. Sport is no stranger


to controversy on scandal. If you think of Fever for example, the most


obvious example in recent times. -- Fifa. It has been brought to its


knees after years of corruption. Those allegations have been coming


for years and intensifying in recent months. We have seen doping scandals


in sport. High profile ones, systematic scandals like East


Germany in the Cold War, when there seemed to be states Don Stud doping


on a large scale. -- state-sponsored. Lance Armstrong as


well, more recently, who eventually confessed to doping and received a


life ban. That was another dreadful day for sport. The reason why this


perhaps is more serious than any of those in the past was because it


doesn't just involve cheating on a grand scale in Russia. The very


people at the top of the sport, athletics's world governing body,


the IAAF, stand accused of corruption and bribery. The


suspicion is they blackmailed cheating athletes and agreed to


cover up their doping in return for payment. I think it is that element


of it, the fact they may have manipulated results on the track,


they may have let down the very athletes, the clean competitors who


they are meant to be protecting, that makes this such a shocking


incident in sport and is surely the darkest day, that track and field,


the signature sport of the Olympics, has ever seen.


There have been a lot of reaction from high-profile athletes. Jenny


Meadows says, always suspected it but finally, confirmation that the


Russian athletics Federation have denied me of my finest moments of my


career. Dixon, a marathon runner, has said, hate liars. Hate cheats.


Hate dopers. Hate that my beautiful sport is being dragged through the


mud. And New Zealand middle-distance runner, Nick Willis, said this,


Russian athletes are not the sole perpetrators. Let's hope they


investigate all the major complaint is non-complicit in doping control.


Athletics isn't the only sport to be engulfed in scandal.


Accusations of corruption have enveloped world


The latest head to roll is that of the president German football


Although he insists he's done nothing wrong, Mr Niersbach says


he's taking what he called political responsibility for a $7 million


payment to Fifa, allegedly used to pay bribes for supporting Germany's


Damian McGuinness is in Berlin and has explained the background to


this. When this scandal first broke in


October, officials at the German football Association denied flat out


that there was any wrongdoing. They said there had been no illegal


payments, there was no slush fund. What then happened, over the last


week, we have seen new allegations emerging. It has now become clear


there have been payments which cannot be clarified. It is not clear


why so much money has been paid Fifa. To this was then said it was a


loan. Today, this man has now resigned, which effectively is an


admission that something was not right. He said he had no knowledge


of wrongdoing. He didn't know of any illegal payments. But that is not


the same thing as no illegal payments happen. The reason he set


down, he said, was because he wanted to make sure this is clarified. He


doesn't want the German football Association damaged. He says that he


is still not clear what exactly happened. There are a lot of


questions that have to be answered. The allegations have not been


confessed to. They haven't been proven. But there is certainly


something going on which we don't know about. This is why the


president has now resigned and an investigation will carry on. There


is an allegation that Germany bought votes in order to be able to host


the 2006 World Cup. It's a big allegation and a major one that they


need to get to the bottom of, if it is not going to damage the German


football industry. She was kept for 15 years under


house arrest, has won the Nobel Peace Prize and now Aung San Suu Kyi


may be about to make history. In Myanmar's first openly contested


national election for a quarter of a century, her party says it


expects to win by a landslide. It would be a remarkable feat


for a woman who became one of the world's most prominent political


prisoners, barred for so long from But even if, as is looking likely,


her party wins, Aung San Suuu Kyi will be prevented


from becoming president Only a small number of seats have


been declared but this is the headquarters of the political party,


the National League for democracy. People have been coming here to


celebrate. They think that they have won a decisive victory in this


election and everything that we have been able to find out in terms of


speaking to people at polling stations and the few declared


results that are coming through, do appear to suggest that it has won


decisively. Large numbers of people coming here throughout the day, to


dance and sing. Aung San Suu Kyi was also hear herself. It's pretty clear


that the NLD are going to win the largest number of seats. The big


question is whether they are going to get over the two thirds threshold


because with the Army holding a quarter of the seats in parliament,


they are going to need two thirds of all the contested seats


they are going to need two thirds of have control of the destiny of the


presidency. Certainly, then feeling amongst the people here is that they


will manage to do it. NLD! Do you think you are going to win a


majority? Yes. Totally. We are so happy. Not many results here but


still pretty confident here. It does certainly, from this biased


standpoint, that the NLD have done well. They have to wait a couple of


days to find out just how well that is.


The US has congratulated the people of my MR but George Ernest says more


work is needed to bring about effective democracy there. He said


it is too early to say whether US policy towards the country would


change. It's already clear that and sang Suji has had a powerful voice


in bringing about some much-needed reform and change to the political


system inside Burma. Ultimately, what set of official


responsibilities she will have will be the responsibility of the


Pyrenees people and the Burmese government to determine.


I'm joined now by Anna Roberts, Executive Director of


Burma Campaign UK, which works for human rights, democracy


How obviously, this is a day that you are celebrating but we should be


clear that this doesn't mean a clean sweeping away of the military in


power. They still hold a lot of influence. Of course it is a day to


celebrate what is an anticipated landslide victory for the NLD and


that is reason to celebrate but we do need to bear in mind and keep in


context, what this election is happening. There is a military draft


a constitution which means that the military will ultimately be more


powerful than any future NLD government. An NLT government will


be limited in what it is able to achieve. Very high expectations for


change but the reality is, the opportunities for change will be


limited for the future. That is if they are able to form a government.


Given that, what will be their priority? There has been so much


focus on and sang Cici get into power, having her voice. What


difference would it make? The top priority for the National League for


democracy has been to reform this constitution. This was brought in


and drafted by the military dictatorship. They were in a


situation where they wanted to have sanctions dropped, international


pressure dropped. They wanted to move from their pariah status and


they wanted to allow a hybrid form, with limited space for government


but where it still retains ultimate power. That is what we are seeing


today. Although the NLD government will want to amend the constitution,


within that constitution is a guaranteed veto for the military if


they don't want further change. It has been very clear so far that


these are the military if they don't want further change. It has been


very clear so far that these other red lines. The military does not


want further democratic reform so they are preferred to see an NLD


government with limited powers but the military will retain key powers.


It will directly control the police, the army, the judiciary. So, in


terms of human rights abuses, a future NLD government could find


themselves powerless to prevent some of the worst human rights abuses. We


could continue to see prisoners, attacks against ethnic people


because these are beyond the control of the civilian government. These


are issues where and sang Suji has been criticised, for example, not


prioritising the plight of the Muslims which has pushed so many of


them to take to water and to become refugees. She has come in for a lot


of criticism in terms of her silence with the plight of the red hinge,


who are an ethnic Muslim minority, suffering some of the worst human


rights abuses of any group in the world. They have been


disenfranchised from the selection. You have to remember there are


millions of people in Burma who are not celebrating because they were


not able to take part in the election this weekend. That includes


these Muslims but also ethnic minorities as well. It is important


to remember the group -- the root causes of who is causing these


abuses and that is the military. Any future government will be


constrained in terms of what they can do, if they have the will and


the history of and sang Suji has not been altogether positive.


We have to leave it there. Global average temperatures are set


to cross a significant threshold this year,


rising by one degree Centigrade since the Industrial Revolution


according to the Met office. It says the Earth's climate is now


moving into uncharted territory. Icebergs in the waters off


Greenland. The Arctic is one of the fastest warming regions on the


planet. The first sign, according to scientists, of the sort of changes


climate change could bring. Today, news of another milestone. A news


conference in London confirmed that the global average temperature has


risen one Celsius over the past century. This is really forcing the


scientific conclusion that as we increase carbon dioxide


concentrations in the atmosphere, climate is going to warm. This is


another piece of evidence that is right now. These latest figures show


how much temperatures have risen since Victorian times and the heyday


of the industrial revolution. This graph from the Met office tracks the


global average from the period 1850 to 1900, sometimes at depths. More


recently, it has been rising and it is now on the point of reaching a


decrease of one Celsius. That is significant because it is halfway to


the first 2 degrees threshold of warming which is widely accepted as


safe. Even that will bring all kinds of impacts. More flooding is one


possible effect and researchers say even what sounds like mild warming


could prove very serious. A 2 degrees world would mean more


floods, more heat waves, less land available for crops, more water


stress and drying of areas we currently use for growing food. Even


2 degrees will impact hundreds of millions of people. Violent skies


earlier this year. Warm air can hold more moisture so rainstorms may well


become more intense in future. There are, of course, a lot of


uncertainties about how the climate may change. It feels like a long


time ago now, but last summer in Britain saw the hottest July day


ever. That doesn't prove anything on its own. Scientists say there is a


pattern of rising temperatures. Barack Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu


say they have not given up on finding peace in the Middle East.


The Israeli prime ministers arrived at the White House today, with


protesters gathered outside. Both leaders were speaking for the first


time since relations between the two countries deteriorated.


Sierra Leone has been declared free of a bowler. Tying them for our


global health correspondence to look at the impact of the outbreak,


particularly on tourism which was just picking up after the Civil War


when Ebola struck. The first Sunday of Arne Bowler free


Sierra Leone. What better place to celebrate? This place is home to the


country's only surf school but it has fallen on hard times. We used to


get expat and international surfers but because of the Ebola, we don't


have anything, no customers. Its three difficult because we need


tourism and without tourism, there is no possibility for us to survive


and everything will shut down. But for the first time since the


outbreak started, the bus-load of intrepid travellers touring West


Africa by road rolls onto the beach. Our members are not as good as in


the past and I am sure the fear of a bowler is scaring a lot of people


off. Tourism of Africa has been affected, even in countries miles


from the outbreak. People really need tourists coming back because it


is being held for them. What would you say to people who are really


worried about coming here? They are still scared about a bowler. I would


say, honestly, it's such a beautiful place and the people are so


friendly. Hopefully it has passed for other now. From what I've seen,


said DiMaggio. Don't be scared. It's well worth a visit. The traders are


delighted to see tourists today but they know it will probably be a


while before they seem more. Every business here was hit hard by the


outbreak. These stalls have only just started opening again in the


last few months but it is mainly international aid workers who are


coming here. Soon, these people will leave and these market traders will


lose their livelihoods. And their livelihoods support this village.


Many here relied on money generated from tourism. This is the health


centre you are building. Yes, this is the health centre. Martha Normand


showed me what some of the cash had been being used for. I have not been


able to finish it because we have no many as yet. We don't have money to


complete it. No tourism. When people come to the beach, we will get some


money. Sierra Leone wants to be known for this, its dazzling


beaches, not a deadly disease. The Spanish Prime Minister has said


he is ready to use all powers at his disposal to stop Catalonia breaking


away from the rest of Spain. Speaking after Catalonia's regional


parliament in Barcelona approved a resolution declaring


independence, Mariano Rajoy said he would go to the Constitutional Court


to challenge the move. Infrared scans point to a possible


secret chamber behind the wall of Tutankhamen's team. The analysis


shows an area of the North Wall which is warmer than the rest and


that could suggest an open space. That is all. Thanks very much for


being with us.


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