10/11/2015 World News Today


10/11/2015

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox.

:00:14.:00:22.

Changing Britain's relationship with the European Union - Prime Minister

:00:23.:00:24.

David Cameron, sets out his key demands for reform ahead

:00:25.:00:26.

But it is not a commitment that should apply any longer to Britain.

:00:27.:00:38.

We have a different vision for Europe.

:00:39.:00:40.

The International Olympic Committee calls for disciplinary action

:00:41.:00:43.

against Russian athletes accused of doping.

:00:44.:00:47.

Syrian government forces take a key position in Aleppo and break

:00:48.:00:52.

a two-year siege by Islamic State militants.

:00:53.:00:54.

Aung San Suu Kyi tells the BBC she believes her party has won a

:00:55.:00:57.

parliamentary majority in Myanmar's elections.

:00:58.:00:58.

And from the Dowager in Downton Abbey to a bag lady in her latest

:00:59.:01:02.

film - Dame Maggie Smith tells us about the roles that have

:01:03.:01:05.

The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, has set out the reforms

:01:06.:01:23.

he'll be looking for in negotiations over Britain's membership of the EU,

:01:24.:01:26.

After writing a letter to Europe's leaders, he said

:01:27.:01:30.

"It is mission possible" though he admitted that it would take

:01:31.:01:33.

The Commission in Brussels has been quick to describe

:01:34.:01:38.

one of Mr Cameron's demands, curbs on benefits for EU migrants, as

:01:39.:01:41.

"highly problematic" but the German Chancellor Angela Merkel said he was

:01:42.:01:44.

bringing "no surprises" to the table and she said she was reasonably

:01:45.:01:48.

Here in the UK, some of David Cameron's own politicians

:01:49.:01:56.

accuse him of demanding too little, as James Landale now reports.

:01:57.:02:01.

Today, a note with a Westminster postmark was sent to Brussels,

:02:02.:02:06.

the relationship between Britain and the European Union.

:02:07.:02:12.

In his letter, he set out for the first time, in some detail,

:02:13.:02:19.

how he wants to reform the EU before a referendum.

:02:20.:02:21.

Today I'm writing to the president of the European Council,

:02:22.:02:25.

setting out how I want to address the concerns of the British people.

:02:26.:02:28.

This is perhaps the most important decision that

:02:29.:02:31.

the British people will have to take at the ballot box in our lifetimes.

:02:32.:02:36.

And this is what he wants - binding principles to protect

:02:37.:02:39.

countries outside the euro from decisions made within the euro,

:02:40.:02:43.

greater competitiveness, including a new target to cut red tape,

:02:44.:02:47.

and a legally binding exemption from the EU's commitment

:02:48.:02:50.

to ever closer union, and greater powers for national parliaments.

:02:51.:02:54.

And, crucially, he is also demanding benefit curbs for EU migrants,

:02:55.:02:58.

claiming 40% of those coming are on welfare - a figure some question.

:02:59.:03:04.

So we have proposed that people coming to Britain from the EU

:03:05.:03:07.

must live here and contribute for four years

:03:08.:03:10.

before they qualify for in-work benefits or social housing,

:03:11.:03:14.

and that we should end the practice of sending benefit overseas.

:03:15.:03:19.

Now, I understand how difficult some of these welfare issues are

:03:20.:03:22.

and I'm open to different ways of dealing with this issue.

:03:23.:03:27.

Note that last phrase, which gives the Prime Minister some flexibility.

:03:28.:03:32.

You say this is not mission impossible,

:03:33.:03:34.

but isn't that the point - it's actually mission quite possible,

:03:35.:03:38.

and that it's not the fundamental reform that you once promised?

:03:39.:03:42.

This is challenging, this is substantial,

:03:43.:03:43.

it is going to be difficult to achieve,

:03:44.:03:45.

and if we do achieve it, it'll make a real difference.

:03:46.:03:48.

If there's a deal, he promised to campaign

:03:49.:03:51.

But if not, he wouldn't rule out campaigning to leave -

:03:52.:03:59.

a decision, he said, that would be final.

:04:00.:04:01.

If we vote to leave, then we will leave.

:04:02.:04:03.

There will not be another renegotiation

:04:04.:04:04.

And so the real negotiations with the EU leaders start now

:04:05.:04:09.

The referendum campaign, of course, has already begun.

:04:10.:04:14.

I think it's a really ambitious reform programme,

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but I think there are lots of things that other EU countries will agree

:04:17.:04:20.

with, so I think the Prime Minister is right to push for these four

:04:21.:04:23.

What we know is that David Cameron isn't taking back control,

:04:24.:04:28.

he's not dealing with the cost of Brussels,

:04:29.:04:30.

and he's not backing any of this up with treaty change,

:04:31.:04:33.

And as for the Prime Minister's backbenchers,

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Is that it?! Is that the sum total

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of the Government's position in this renegotiation?

:04:44.:04:49.

The renegotiation amounts to no more than tinkering around the edges.

:04:50.:04:53.

This is pretty thin gruel, much less than people had come to expect.

:04:54.:04:56.

How is he going to be able to sell this pig in a poke?

:04:57.:05:00.

Today was all about the Prime Minister clearing his throat

:05:01.:05:02.

and clearing the decks ahead of a tough negotiation.

:05:03.:05:04.

Officials admit he probably won't get everything,

:05:05.:05:06.

but he will get something, and the question is whether that

:05:07.:05:09.

something will be enough to convince people to vote to stay in the EU.

:05:10.:05:17.

What matters is what comes back in the post.

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James Landale, BBC News, Westminster.

:05:21.:05:24.

I spoke to our Brussels correspondent, Katya Adler, a short

:05:25.:05:27.

while ago and put it to her that Mr Cameron's most controversial demand

:05:28.:05:31.

was for restrictions to migrants' access to in-work benefits.

:05:32.:05:38.

First of all, the word "controversial" is

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like. You heard from the opinion maker that matters most to Downing

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Street and that is the Chancellor of Germany, Europe's powerhouse, Angela

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Merkel, and she said she was happy to do whatever it took to help keep

:05:51.:05:57.

Britain inside the EU, help David Cameron get his reforms - as long,

:05:58.:06:01.

as they were compatible with EU rules and that means it will

:06:02.:06:08.

be no problem to keep the UK outside the idea of ever-closer union, to

:06:09.:06:13.

protect those countries that don't use the euro currency or to make the

:06:14.:06:18.

EU more competitive, but when it comes to curbing EU migration, which

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David Cameron wants to do, that is more problematic.

:06:24.:06:33.

There are areas of broad agreement inside the

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yes, let's crack down on benefit tourism, there can be curbs on child

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benefits, but David Cameron also wants to restrict in-work benefits

:06:40.:06:43.

for non-British EU workers inside the UK for four years and that,

:06:44.:06:48.

according to many EU countries, goes against the core principle of the

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freedom to live and work across the bloc and this will be a problem for

:06:54.:07:01.

David Cameron. Standing back from that, Tim,

:07:02.:07:04.

wherever you travel in the EU, they may be irritated by the UK's demands

:07:05.:07:10.

but want to keep the UK in for purely selfish reasons. Without

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militarily, so this is just the start of negotiations and horse

:07:16.:07:29.

now, so take your seats. these proposals are wishy-washy.

:07:30.:07:40.

And on the BBC website you can find in-depth analysis of those four key

:07:41.:07:43.

Russian athletes accused of doping may be stripped

:07:44.:07:49.

The International Olympic Committee has called for disciplinary action,

:07:50.:07:54.

following allegations by the World Anti-Doping Agency of widespread

:07:55.:07:57.

It's also suspended the former IAAF president, Lamine Diack.

:07:58.:08:04.

A Kremlin spokesman said the accusations were unfounded

:08:05.:08:06.

Our Sports Editor Dan Roan reports on the crisis in world athletics.

:08:07.:08:16.

Sport had never heard anything quite like it.

:08:17.:08:18.

Yesterday's damning report into state-run cheating

:08:19.:08:22.

laid bare the worst doping scandal in history.

:08:23.:08:28.

Russia faces an unprecedented ban from next year's Rio Olympics

:08:29.:08:30.

and the head of athletics in the UK says it is time to get tough.

:08:31.:08:34.

I don't really care what Russia does if it is suspended,

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So point number one, should it be suspended?

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Yes, until it can prove it is compliant.

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If it refuses to do that, and some of the signs overnight were not

:08:47.:08:50.

encouraging, well, whatever the consequences are, let's take them.

:08:51.:08:54.

Political tensions are rising - Vladimir Putin is meeting with the

:08:55.:08:59.

country's sports chiefs tomorrow, but his spokesman has dismissed

:09:00.:09:03.

This sporting superpower will discover its punishment

:09:04.:09:08.

at the end of the week, but the lab at the heart of the scandal had

:09:09.:09:12.

TRANSLATION: I believe that problems obviously exist,

:09:13.:09:19.

but Russia is on the path to clear its name and change.

:09:20.:09:22.

Why is it that sports seems so vulnerable to corruption?

:09:23.:09:24.

How is it that journalists are left to uncover scandals such as this,

:09:25.:09:28.

And how on earth can athletics recover its battered reputation?

:09:29.:09:37.

For these British athletes at Lea Valley today, it was training

:09:38.:09:40.

as usual, but at a time when sport is under scrutiny like never

:09:41.:09:44.

Hopefully it is fully investigated, but for those athletes who are

:09:45.:09:56.

competing cleanly, and there is a lot of athletes competing cleanly,

:09:57.:09:59.

I would not want the public to think that everyone is cheating or

:10:00.:10:02.

everyone who wins must be cheating, that is definitely not the case.

:10:03.:10:05.

For eight years he was deputy to the man he replaced this year, Lamine

:10:06.:10:08.

Diack, now under investigation that he took bribes to cover up doping,

:10:09.:10:11.

tonight suspended by the International Olympic Committee.

:10:12.:10:18.

That has led to questions over exactly what Coe knew

:10:19.:10:21.

and if he is the man to steer the sport through its current crisis.

:10:22.:10:28.

I think he has to look for some special measures here, not to have

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to go through committees and commissions.

:10:35.:10:38.

He has to grasp the nettle and say, you have to do something

:10:39.:10:41.

The fear now is that the cheating may extend well

:10:42.:10:51.

Beyond Russia, the worst may be yet to come.

:10:52.:10:56.

Only a small number of seats have been officially

:10:57.:10:58.

declared so far in the Myanmar elections, but at this point

:10:59.:11:01.

Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition NLD party has won nearly all of them.

:11:02.:11:04.

Speaking to the BBC's Fergal Keane in her first interview since

:11:05.:11:07.

the vote, Ms Suu Kyi said she now believes her party will have enough

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seats to form a government, and she said she is confident the results of

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the election cannot be sabotaged by the country's

:11:15.:11:15.

Aung San Suu Kyi had the smile of the victor,

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convinced her party had enough votes

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to form the country's first democratic government.

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What is your sense of how well the NLD has done?

:11:27.:11:31.

Well, around 75% in the union legislature.

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And that will be enough, more than enough,

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The minimum requirement is about 67%

:11:43.:11:46.

if we are to be able to form a government on our own.

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Do you believe that the generals, the people who have controlled here

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for so long, will allow you to do that?

:11:54.:11:57.

Well, they've been saying repeatedly

:11:58.:11:59.

that they will respect the will of the people

:12:00.:12:01.

and that they will implement the results of the election.

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sabotage your nascent democracy in this country.

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I think they should think of it not as sabotaging our efforts,

:12:14.:12:16.

should they try to do something like that.

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What they would be sabotaging is the will of the people.

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Her supporters want Aung San Suu Kyi to be president,

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but she is barred from that job thanks to a specific clause

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in the constitution imposed by the military.

:12:28.:12:31.

You spoke the other day about being above the President,

:12:32.:12:37.

Well, I'll make all the decisions, it's as simple as all that.

:12:38.:12:41.

If I'm required to field a president to meet the requirements

:12:42.:12:45.

of Section 59F of the constitution, all right, we'll find one.

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But that won't stop me from making all the decisions

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It's a name only - a rose by any other name!

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One of the most significant promises in the interview

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like these Rohingya being targeted by Buddhist extremists.

:13:06.:13:12.

It's not going to be easy, that they must understand, because prejudice

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is not removed easily, and hatred is not going to be removed easily.

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But we can work at it together, and I'm confident that

:13:21.:13:23.

the great majority of the people of this country want peace.

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This is just the beginning of the road,

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There's a lot more to be done before, I think,

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our people will feel secure enough to celebrate.

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That is a caution born of experience.

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Syrian government forces have broken a siege by Islamic State militants

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at a military airbase in the northern province of Aleppo.

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IS fighters had been surrounding troops who were holding out

:13:56.:13:58.

But reports say they have now been freed

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With me is Edgard Jallad of BBC Arabic.

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I suppose this is the most significant breakthrough by Syrian

:14:15.:14:19.

forces since the Russian bombing campaign started. Indeed, this is

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their only achievement so far but some critics say it couldn't be the

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only achievement, taking into consideration this massive war

:14:31.:14:37.

machine supporting the Syrian forces, yet this battle was very

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important, taking into consideration its background. Two and a half years

:14:42.:14:48.

ago, this ace was under siege and this specific battle started last

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May when the so-called Islamic State tried to take it, but the government

:14:54.:15:00.

forces decided to bite. We don't know how they managed to survive.

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Had they enough ammunition and food? If this was a complete siege

:15:06.:15:12.

of the area. Maybe we will know in the future but according to some

:15:13.:15:18.

news we have read online, they have beaten us ammunition, because this

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is one of the major military bases in Aleppo but food and supplies may

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have been smuggled to them from neighbouring villages, but these

:15:31.:15:37.

areas were under the control of Islamic groups, they threatened not

:15:38.:15:45.

to do that. Taking all this into the picture, it could be a key thing to

:15:46.:15:50.

which he for the moment because it forces are trying to take all of the

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Aleppo province, to stretch things have and areas, the coastal area

:15:56.:16:02.

that is predominantly a la white. They want to stretch it to the

:16:03.:16:08.

Turkish borders and this could be the first achievement in that order.

:16:09.:16:14.

What is the balance of power on the ground since the start of the

:16:15.:16:21.

Russian bombing campaign? It is a very confused picture but against

:16:22.:16:27.

Islamic states and other rebel groups, do we know how much

:16:28.:16:31.

territory has been retaken by Syrian forces? It is not a massive space

:16:32.:16:39.

that was occupied or retaken by German forces, which is why we say

:16:40.:16:46.

this is a first big achievement for the government forces for the

:16:47.:16:51.

moment, but at the same time the Russians were criticised for not

:16:52.:16:56.

targeting Islamic State and this time the Islamic State is in focus

:16:57.:17:01.

and this could be a big defeat for them in that area. Thank you very

:17:02.:17:03.

much. A mass vaccination programme against

:17:04.:17:10.

meningitis A in Africa has been More than 220 million people were

:17:11.:17:13.

immunised across 16 countries In 2013 there were just four cases

:17:14.:17:17.

across the entire region, which once A theme park in California is

:17:18.:17:21.

planning to phase out its Sea World has seen a drop

:17:22.:17:26.

in visitor numbers at The company's shares have halved

:17:27.:17:33.

in value since a documentary two years ago highlighted the damage to

:17:34.:17:38.

the whales, also known as orcas. It's faced intense criticism

:17:39.:17:41.

from for keeping killer whales in captivity,

:17:42.:17:43.

with activists saying it's cruel. Slovenia is to introduce new

:17:44.:17:49.

restrictions on its border with Croatia to

:17:50.:17:50.

control the flow of migrants. More than 170,000 migrants have

:17:51.:17:53.

crossed into Slovenia since mid-October when Hungary closed

:17:54.:17:55.

its southern border with Croatia. "temporary technical hurdles" would

:17:56.:17:59.

be imposed, but stressed that the Police in Northern Ireland say

:18:00.:18:04.

a former British soldier has been arrested on suspicion of murdering

:18:05.:18:17.

three civil rights demonstrators 13 people were killed when British

:18:18.:18:19.

paratroopers opened fire on a civil rights march through

:18:20.:18:23.

Londonderry in 1972. It's the first arrest made

:18:24.:18:25.

since a fresh investigation into the killings was announced

:18:26.:18:27.

three years ago. Our Ireland Correspondent,

:18:28.:18:32.

Chris Buckler, is in Londonderry. I began by asking him how

:18:33.:18:42.

significant this was as the first phase of a new police investigation.

:18:43.:18:48.

That suggestion of a new phase means more arrests are likely in the

:18:49.:18:55.

months ahead. We understand this 66-year-old man gave evidence to the

:18:56.:19:01.

Bloody Sunday inquiry and that inquiry found members of the British

:19:02.:19:04.

Parachute Regiment wired into a crowd of civil rights protesters in

:19:05.:19:11.

1972 without warning, and some of those who were shot out were fleeing

:19:12.:19:15.

from the chaos, others were trying to help the dead and injured, and

:19:16.:19:21.

what happened in Bloody Sunday is burned into memories here in Derry.

:19:22.:19:27.

You can see the pain may a mural on the walls, some of the images of

:19:28.:19:32.

those days, and they still have the power to shock. The families have

:19:33.:19:37.

welcomed this arrest because they have always put for a criminal

:19:38.:19:41.

investigation, but Unionist politicians are concerned because

:19:42.:19:47.

paramilitaries here were let out of prison early as part of the Good

:19:48.:19:50.

Friday Agreement and paramilitaries convert it now of events as a result

:19:51.:19:56.

of the Good Friday Agreement are released early from prison. A

:19:57.:20:01.

soldier would not get the same reduction in sentence and that has

:20:02.:20:07.

upset Unionist politicians. The government has said there is no

:20:08.:20:08.

desire to change that at this stage. The Former West German Chancellor

:20:09.:20:14.

Helmut Schmidt has died aged 96. He led his country between 1974

:20:15.:20:17.

and 1982 and is regarded as one Schmidt, a lifelong smoker,

:20:18.:20:20.

was the architect of the European Monetary System,

:20:21.:20:23.

which linked EU currencies and was William Horsley looks back

:20:24.:20:26.

at his life. Helmut Schmidt was a far-sighted

:20:27.:20:32.

strategist who lived to see his By 1972 he was a minister

:20:33.:20:35.

in the government of Willy Brandt, a brilliant manager

:20:36.:20:40.

of the economic miracle. Two years later he himself was

:20:41.:20:45.

Chancellor. The Berlin Wall dividing West

:20:46.:20:48.

and East Germany was the front line With skilled diplomacy he pursued

:20:49.:20:51.

detente with Communist leaders on the other side but

:20:52.:20:58.

when the Soviet Union stepped up Braving fierce protests at home,

:20:59.:21:01.

he let America deploy medium range nuclear missiles on West German soil

:21:02.:21:09.

to keep the military balance. Barely ten years later,

:21:10.:21:14.

Communism would collapse. A friend of Britain, Schmidt

:21:15.:21:18.

showed forcefulness and wit. In challenging those who wanted

:21:19.:21:22.

Britain to leave the European community, he told a Labour Party

:21:23.:21:25.

conference to think again. But comrades,

:21:26.:21:29.

in regard of your vote of yesterday I cannot avoid putting myself in the

:21:30.:21:31.

position of a man who in front of ladies and gentlemen belonging to

:21:32.:21:36.

the Salvation Army tries to convince With French leaders he launched

:21:37.:21:40.

a European monetary system which paved the way much later

:21:41.:21:49.

for the single currency, the euro. After eight years, Schmidt's shaky

:21:50.:21:54.

coalition was undermined by It fell to

:21:55.:21:58.

Helmut Kohl's Christian Democrats. He was multi-talented,

:21:59.:22:08.

some say arrogant, but few world statesman have enjoyed such high

:22:09.:22:10.

respect as Helmut Schmidt. William Horsley reporting

:22:11.:22:16.

on the life of the former West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt,

:22:17.:22:19.

who has died at the age of 96. She's been a star of stage and

:22:20.:22:27.

screen for more than 50 years, with roles from The Prime of Miss

:22:28.:22:30.

Jean Brodie to Professor McGonnagall Dame Maggie Smith's now starring

:22:31.:22:33.

in her latest film, The Lady in the Van, but despite all

:22:34.:22:37.

of this success she thinks she's been typecast, as she tells

:22:38.:22:41.

our arts editor Will Gompertz. Park the van in your drive?

:22:42.:22:46.

That never occurred to me. Maggie Smith as Miss Shepherd,

:22:47.:22:50.

the eccentric old lady who parked her van on

:22:51.:22:54.

Alan Bennett's drive in Camden You're not doing me a favour, you

:22:55.:22:57.

know, I have got other fish to fry. I'm about the only person I know

:22:58.:23:03.

who has never seen her. I know she's dead,

:23:04.:23:07.

of course she's dead, she's been dead a long time, but nearly

:23:08.:23:12.

everybody I meet had come across What with all this to-do I think

:23:13.:23:17.

I'm about to be taken short. It was all because Alan, to this day

:23:18.:23:28.

he keeps coming up with different things about her and he said,

:23:29.:23:38.

which I don't believe for a moment, I wouldn't have been

:23:39.:23:42.

able to cope with it. There are no boa constrictors

:23:43.:23:56.

in Camden Town. I know a boa constrictor

:23:57.:24:03.

when I see one. Have you seen roles come

:24:04.:24:08.

and go you wish you had done? Now I'm stuck with being an old cow,

:24:09.:24:12.

I'm stuck with that. Mrs Crawley tells me you paid her

:24:13.:24:21.

a visit when you first came, Are you pleased to see the back

:24:22.:24:33.

of it? I have to say, my body is

:24:34.:24:52.

pleased to, as well as... Would you ever say you have given,

:24:53.:24:57.

in your own eyes and ears, Ever say you have given

:24:58.:25:03.

a great performance? I'm not sure many would

:25:04.:25:09.

agree with that. Maggie Smith is quite clearly

:25:10.:25:16.

a master of her art. A quick reminder of our main news to

:25:17.:25:36.

the British Prime Minister has demanded a more flexible European

:25:37.:25:41.

Union at the launch of his bid to renegotiate the UK's membership.

:25:42.:25:45.

David Cameron wants more power given to national parliaments. You can get

:25:46.:25:51.

in touch with me and some of the team here on Twitter and there is

:25:52.:25:55.

plenty more on the website. That's it from the programme. Coming up is

:25:56.:26:00.

the weather. From me and the team, goodbye. So far this week it has

:26:01.:26:15.

been mouthed by day and by night but that is set to change

:26:16.:26:17.

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