11/11/2015 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.


A new plan to tackle Europe's migrant crisis.


European and African leaders are meeting in Malta to try to stem the


Russia puts forward an 18 month plan to end the Syrian conflict -


as it continues to provide air support to the Assad regime.


For six weeks now, Russian bombers have been taking off from here,


locating targets and carrying out terror strikes across Syria.


Digital tricks with product placement as advertisers try


If your character develops a bit of a first, the drink can change if


they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China or here, back to Britain.


Also coming up, don't try this on your skiing holiday, find out


what happened to this professional skiier who fell down a mountain.


We start with Europe's migrant crisis, where the focus is,


for the moment, shifting away from the tragedy


in Syria to ways to stem the flow of refugees from African countries.


European and African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta


EU countries are expected to offer billions of pounds in aid to Africa


try to reduce the number of people coming to Europe.


More than 750,000 migrants are believed to have arrived by sea


so far this year, that number may be higher as some may have passed


But it's still nearly three times the total number of migrants who


For those travelling from Africa - the most popular route is


But it's dangerous, thousands have died attempting to


Clive Myrie reports from Malta from where the sum it is taking place.


The Maltese Prime Minister has referred to these waters


The Mediterranean a graveyard for tens of thousands who tried to


Today pleasure boats bob on the sea and now Malta is


the venue for talks on one of the most important issues of our time.


How best to tackle mass migration from Africa to Europe.


So crucial to summit they have already built a monument to it.


The strong message I had to deliver is we need to attack


Poverty, inequality, the Democratic deficit and insecurity.


David Cameron is here for the talks and while visiting a Royal


Navy ship docked nearby, the sailors helped rescue migrants all summer.


He outlined where he was seeking agreement.


Now we need to do more to smash the criminal gangs that are fuelling


this terrible trade in people and also break the link between


getting on a boat and getting the chance to settle in Europe.


Africa's migrants and refugees are second only to


These are Somalian people I met on an Italian coastguard ship back


Somalia, Eritrea and Nigeria revived the vast majority of the


roughly 140,000 Africans who have tried to get to the EU this year.


Now in Malta African leaders want more legal routes


for migrants to settle in Europe and more aid to help tackle poverty.


In return Europe is hoping that Africa will work harder


The UN deputy Secretary General told me the Malta summit is


a crucial chance for both sides to see the other's point of view.


To have an understanding for China's position I think is


the recipe to dealing with something that I think we have to live with


and need to live with in the future, namely in a globalised world people


As all the delegates gather tonight the smiles on the razzmatazz belie


Unless they can come up with a workable solution to tackle


the migration crisis, more people will die trying to get to Europe.


It's six weeks since Russian aircraft began an intensive bombing


More than 1,000 combat missions have already been flown.


But critics say Russia is targeting enemies of Syria's President Assad


Our Moscow correspondent Steve Rosenberg has been given


access to Russia's main airbase near the Syrian city of Latakia.


Around the base there is one sound you hear all day and all night,


Russia's air campaign in Syria is nonstop. And today Russia's


militarily give us a rare access to its base. They should us how deal


would the ammunition for air strikes. This 500 kilograms bomb, we


are told, will target terrorists. They said this would be a limited


operation and Russia will not allow itself to be dragged into a


prolonged conflict. After six weeks of air strikes there is no end in


sight, Russia continued to wage what it calls a war on international


terrorism. But Russia has come in for criticism from the West, over


some of the targets it has been hitting and of the claims that some


of Russia's strikes have caused civilian casualties. Today, a


Russian Major-General told me there was no evidence for that.


TRANSLATION: Russia he said was using precision weapons and


targeting terrorists. Russia concedes that only international


talks can bring peace to Syria, the power of diplomacy. For now, it is


Russian air power which is making itself felt.


And I spoke to Steve earlier and asked him what impact the military


action was having on the situation in Syria.


Certainly if you ask the Russians that question they will see it as


having a big impact, a positive impact, one senior military official


told us today that over the last six weeks of Russian air strikes Russian


pilots have carried out 1700 flights missions and have destroyed 2000


terrorist targets, he said, so from Moscow's point of view the operation


is successful. Perhaps not as successful as Moscow had hoped it


would be. Certainly President Assad, and the Syrian army have begin


certain towns and boss other towns. What is not clear is what Russia's


exit strategy from here will be. At the start of its operation Moscow


said this would be limited campaign and that it would provide air


support for the Syrian army. But it is not clear at what point Moscow


says we have done our job and it is time to go home. And if that is the


biggest problem I think at the moment Russia. It appears that


Moscow does not want to stop at military involvement in Syria, today


we have learned of a diplomatic plan circulated at the United Nations


aimed at bringing political reform to the country. Our correspondence


has told the more. Essentially this is part of the


Russian exit strategy, clearly the Russians do not believe there is a


military solution in Syria, there must be a diplomatic agreement and


this 8-point plan is if you like Russia's accented approach to the


problem. Essentially they say that over 18 months there should be a new


constitution drafted in Syria, that should be put to a referendum.


Assuming that this passes there would then be presidential elections


and parliamentary elections, the new president whoever that might be will


be in charge of things like foreign policy and the army but the


parliament would have thought executive authority in other areas.


Of course the two crucial questions it leaves out, what would happen to


President Assad himself? It does not see very much about that and it does


not explicitly say who would be party to these talks. It talks about


the United delegation of opposition groups, it says that grips the light


I saw should be designated as terrorists and clearly should have


no role but who exactly are terrorists and who are not? After


all many of the people the Russians are bombing are groups act by the


West or the Saudis or whoever who they at least believe should be very


much participants at these talks so I think it is positive in the sense


of providing some momentum, a member there are more talks due in Vienna


at the weekend. It certainly does not answer many of the key questions


that hang over this whole that matter process. From a Russian


perspective, why shouldn't it have a go? If all efforts so far


diplomatically have failed. So far one hesitates to say things have


gone well for the Russians because obviously there have been these


terrible burnings of an airliner which may quite possibly be linked


to Islamic State so there has already been pulled back for Russia


if that turns out to be the case but in the narrow sense of the Russian


military operation, but it is achieving on the ground as you heard


there it is having modest successes but what the whole Russian


intervention has done is it has put Moscow absolutely centrestage.


Moscow is the key ally of the Syrian regime. Russia and Iran may not see


things entirely in the eye but they are both allies of Mr Assad and they


are both going to be at the table and the Russians have really


demonstrated now that any path towards any settlement in Syria lies


one way or another through Moscow and what Moscow thinks and what


Moscow is prepared to encourage Mr Assad to deliver will be one of the


key determinants in resolving this crisis will be or another.


Nigeria finally has a new government, more than seven


months after Muhammadu Buhari was elected president.


The number of ministries has been cut, and Mr Buhari retains overall


control of the key oil portfolio. He's promised to clean up corruption


and to end an Islamist insurgency in the north.


The BBC's Martin Patience sent this report.


It has been a long wait, but finally Nigeria has got a cabinet. These


ministers are under pressure to perform. The president will be


watching their every move. He has personally vetted them to try and


ensure a clean government. Regardless of the present --


presents challenges I Ian 's will keep hope alive and sustain their


optimism about the future. Tackling corruption is just one of the many


challenges that President Buhari faces. He will have to fix a


flagging economy and also ends the Boko Haram insurgency. But perhaps


his biggest problem will be managing the sky-high expectations that he is


the man to transform this country. So far he has been given the benefit


of the doubt,... Mr Buhari has permission to take this country to a


good level and I say he has done so far, as we can see, we can see he is


making good steps. So far so good. He


making good steps. So far so good. months ago and so far so good, I


believe that he is working towards the right direction, trying to take


things slowly. Presidents Buhari has appointed his team, he must now


deliver or it will disappoint. The European Union has approved new


guidelines saying some products can't be labelled as


"made in Israel" if they come from territories occupied


since the 1967 war. Instead, their precise


origin must be made clear. Europe says the move is


a technical one, The EU Ambassador to Israel,


Lars Faaborg-Andersen, insists that the guidelines aren't


politically motivated. This is not a boycott. I repeat


again, this is not a boycott. Because how can it be a boycott if


the product is allowed to come onto the market as they have done


previously also? And there is another important point here, the


European Union is against sanctions, against boycotting,


against isolation of Israel and therefore the measures that we have


taken and which again are all based on existing legislation have


absolutely nothing to do with that. The new policy has taken three


years to formulate and has been met Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu


today condemned the decision as 'hysterical and said the EU


should be ashamed. His Education Minister,


Naftali Bennett, When we see anti-Semitism we call it


out and we see this as a severe and morally wrong move that, in fact


beyond everything is going to hurt first and foremost the Palestinians


themselves, because roughly 200,000 Palestinian families live, make


their living from creating goods that and then partially exported


abroad so that anything the EU is going to hurt the Palestinians which


I think is a wrong move, these people need to make a living, why


would you want to hurt them is beyond my understanding.


Breaking news in the last hour, the Russian sports minister said his


country will adopt new measures to clamp down on doping, including


devising new testing methods and possibly opening criminal cases


against athletes are suspected of cheating. On Monday he will remember


the world anti-doping agency or lease a devastating report showing


what it said was systemic doping inside Russian athletics. Meanwhile


the International Olympic Committee has promised there will be


suspensions and banning as a result of the doping scandal. In an


interview with the BBC, Thomas Buck said he was shocked but confident.


This was shocking and very saddening news, I could never have mentioned


that in the International Federation the leadership would be soliciting


bribes from athletes in order to manipulate the sport and


competition. This is unbelievable and I think it makes everyone who


loves the sport very, very sad but we will not just stay there, we will


take action I just mentioned. That is the president of the IOC.


Police near the presidential palace in the Afghan capital, Kabul,


have fired warning shots to try to disperse a demonstration


of thousands of angry people. But it didn't stop the rally,


which was in protest at the killing by militants of seven


ethnic minority Hazara civilians. These drone pictures are


the latest we have. The crowd chanted slogans


against Islamic State and the Taliban, both of which they blame


for the murders in Zabul province. Harun Najafizada reports.


The wave of anger is visible among the thousands of protesters in


trouble. Carrying covers of seven civilians who were brutally killed


by militants in Zabul province, they have walked over ten kilometres to


arrive at the presidential palace. The bodies were brought to Kabul


last night, among them women and a young child. The protesters are


mainly Hazara, beside them are the residents of Kabul. This woman who


has lost a relative says why do they kill Hazara, why do they killed the


children and the women? The massive demonstration started early in the


morning and it has continued peacefully. The government is so


incompetent it has put the people in trouble, now the government is not


only in trouble but everywhere, even in couple. Insurgents had abducted


for men, two women and a childhood from the ethnic has a minority. They


were travelling from Kandahar in the south months ago. Negotiations


failed to their results. Despite repeated calls, the government could


not secure the release. The protesters have not yet buried the


bodies. They want justice and the demand security from the National


Security government for ordinary citizens. Many analysts see this as


a challenge for the President's government.


Now a look at some of the days other news.


Egypt's President Al-Sisi has visited Sharm El-Sheikh


for the first time since a Russian airliner crashed, suspected


Mr Al-Sisi said that Egypt was secure and his visit was


a message of support for investors and businesses.


FIFA's outgoing boss Sepp Blatter has been hospitalised.


The BBC understands the Fifa president suffered what has been


described as a "small breakdown" and "nervous shock".


He was suspended by FIFA last month amid the huge corruption scandal.


Friends say he is recovering and is able to communicate.


He's expected to make a full recovery.


Unseasonably dry weather has caused the River Rhine to reach record low


levels affecting the major shipping channels serving Germany France and


Switzerland. Sand bars are forming and relics of the Second World War


can be seen poking out of the water. Back to the top story, European and


African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta on the


migrant crisis, the focus is shifting from Syria to graze to stem


the flow of refugees from African countries. Let's join Chris Morris


at the meeting. What have we been hearing so far?


It depends which side of the Mediterranean they come from, I


think we are hearing slightly different messages whether a yard


European or an African leader, Europe is stressing joint shared


responsibility, the need for African countries to do more to help them


persuade people not to set out in these dangerous journeys in the


first place. And more controversially, to do more to


persuade those who are in Europe to return to their home countries if


they -- if their asylum applications have been rejected. From the


Africans we are hearing hang on, if you want to clamp down on illegal


migration then we need financial assistance of another kind which is


on offer but we also need the pressure to be relieved and that


means that legal migration must become a little bit easier, whether


it be for students to go on scholarships or seasonal workers to


be able to travel briefly on short-term visas to work in Europe.


Without that kind of thing I think people in Africa feel that you will


just be storing up even bigger problems for itself in terms of


migration in the future. Interesting that this time it is not


just EU leaders talking amongst themselves, the African leaders are


represented there, too, one wonders how much of a difference that might


make the outcome. I think what it is is a recognition


that some of the problems which have been exposed by this migration


crisis really are a long-term, if you really want to stop people


leaving African countries in the search for a better life and you're


talking about things like poverty reduction, conflict resolution,


which are decades in the making. And yet on both sides of the


Mediterranean, African countries and in particular in European countries


there are demands, political pressures for quick fix solutions,


for things to happen right away and many of these issues that simply is


not possible so I think there are competing pressures from those who


say we must do something right away and others saying if you want to do


so -- if you want to make a long-term difference you must be


patient but the trouble is that patience is in short supply. Of


course the problem is just so much bigger than dealing with the


migrants coming from Africa. It is, this summit was called at the


beginning of the summer season in April, when it seemed as though the


Ritz from Libya across the Mediterranean to countries like


Italy was the main migration route into Europe and as we know in the


last few months it has been overtaken dramatically by the number


of Syrian refugees in particular living from Turkey towards the Greek


islands and yet still we have had nearly 150,000 people arrive on


Italian shores so this is really still part of the problem and has to


be part of the solution. Thank you.


30 years ago, many thought they were better than the programmes -


Advertisers are worried that many viewers can now fast forward


The industry believes the answer is advertising we can't skip.


On the right, the beer bottle has been added digitally.


And, of course, it means you can change things according to where


If your character develops a bit of a thirst, what they drink can change


if they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China, or here in Britain.


The products can also shift depending


on who's watching to reflect your sex, your age or even your income.


Give me an idea, what could you do with a space like this?


Well, a guiding principle about what we do is finding the


And in this sort of context we could do a number of things.


We could have beverages, we could have computers,


And we can even reinforce those brand messages by having signage,


Which reflects the same brand, but albeit in a different way.


All I'm saying is I am like the brain man of the surf...


Yes, that film poster on Home and Away is digital, and different


Youku, a kind of Chinese YouTube and Netflix,


has just signed a deal to use the technology in its programmes.


It's a solution to the great fear running through


advertising that we are getting better and better at avoiding ads.


And some agencies wonder if there is much future for the


I think we're going to see a really fast shift.


You're going to see either the big epic storytelling at shared


moments or you're going to see the smart, personalised, using dynamic


You're just not going to see that 30 second ad in the same way at all.


Of course, at the moment most of us still watch


But when they're in the programme, you really can't skip.


The car on the left, by the way, and the billboard, aren't real.


If you're a keen skier you might want to look away now.


This is a professional, Ian McIntosh, filming a sports film in


Alaska. He's regarded as one of the world's best free skiers - but on


this occasion finds himself quickly out of control and tumbling


earthwards. He survived the fall of almost 500


metres with no serious injuries. He even carried on filming.


Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first


Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first named storm


of the winter season in the UK expected


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