11/11/2015 World News Today


11/11/2015

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:00.

A new plan to tackle Europe's migrant crisis.

:00:00.:00:09.

European and African leaders are meeting in Malta to try to stem the

:00:10.:00:14.

Russia puts forward an 18 month plan to end the Syrian conflict -

:00:15.:00:23.

as it continues to provide air support to the Assad regime.

:00:24.:00:33.

For six weeks now, Russian bombers have been taking off from here,

:00:34.:00:40.

locating targets and carrying out terror strikes across Syria.

:00:41.:00:42.

Digital tricks with product placement as advertisers try

:00:43.:00:44.

If your character develops a bit of a first, the drink can change if

:00:45.:00:57.

they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China or here, back to Britain.

:00:58.:00:59.

Also coming up, don't try this on your skiing holiday, find out

:01:00.:01:02.

what happened to this professional skiier who fell down a mountain.

:01:03.:01:17.

We start with Europe's migrant crisis, where the focus is,

:01:18.:01:19.

for the moment, shifting away from the tragedy

:01:20.:01:22.

in Syria to ways to stem the flow of refugees from African countries.

:01:23.:01:26.

European and African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta

:01:27.:01:29.

EU countries are expected to offer billions of pounds in aid to Africa

:01:30.:01:35.

try to reduce the number of people coming to Europe.

:01:36.:01:39.

More than 750,000 migrants are believed to have arrived by sea

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so far this year, that number may be higher as some may have passed

:01:44.:01:47.

But it's still nearly three times the total number of migrants who

:01:48.:01:51.

For those travelling from Africa - the most popular route is

:01:52.:01:56.

But it's dangerous, thousands have died attempting to

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Clive Myrie reports from Malta from where the sum it is taking place.

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The Maltese Prime Minister has referred to these waters

:02:09.:02:10.

The Mediterranean a graveyard for tens of thousands who tried to

:02:11.:02:14.

Today pleasure boats bob on the sea and now Malta is

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the venue for talks on one of the most important issues of our time.

:02:20.:02:23.

How best to tackle mass migration from Africa to Europe.

:02:24.:02:28.

So crucial to summit they have already built a monument to it.

:02:29.:02:35.

The strong message I had to deliver is we need to attack

:02:36.:02:42.

Poverty, inequality, the Democratic deficit and insecurity.

:02:43.:02:50.

David Cameron is here for the talks and while visiting a Royal

:02:51.:02:53.

Navy ship docked nearby, the sailors helped rescue migrants all summer.

:02:54.:02:59.

He outlined where he was seeking agreement.

:03:00.:03:04.

Now we need to do more to smash the criminal gangs that are fuelling

:03:05.:03:07.

this terrible trade in people and also break the link between

:03:08.:03:10.

getting on a boat and getting the chance to settle in Europe.

:03:11.:03:14.

Africa's migrants and refugees are second only to

:03:15.:03:20.

These are Somalian people I met on an Italian coastguard ship back

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Somalia, Eritrea and Nigeria revived the vast majority of the

:03:24.:03:34.

roughly 140,000 Africans who have tried to get to the EU this year.

:03:35.:03:42.

Now in Malta African leaders want more legal routes

:03:43.:03:45.

for migrants to settle in Europe and more aid to help tackle poverty.

:03:46.:03:50.

In return Europe is hoping that Africa will work harder

:03:51.:03:52.

The UN deputy Secretary General told me the Malta summit is

:03:53.:03:59.

a crucial chance for both sides to see the other's point of view.

:04:00.:04:04.

To have an understanding for China's position I think is

:04:05.:04:07.

the recipe to dealing with something that I think we have to live with

:04:08.:04:10.

and need to live with in the future, namely in a globalised world people

:04:11.:04:14.

As all the delegates gather tonight the smiles on the razzmatazz belie

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Unless they can come up with a workable solution to tackle

:04:22.:04:26.

the migration crisis, more people will die trying to get to Europe.

:04:27.:04:38.

It's six weeks since Russian aircraft began an intensive bombing

:04:39.:04:41.

More than 1,000 combat missions have already been flown.

:04:42.:04:44.

But critics say Russia is targeting enemies of Syria's President Assad

:04:45.:04:47.

Our Moscow correspondent Steve Rosenberg has been given

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access to Russia's main airbase near the Syrian city of Latakia.

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Around the base there is one sound you hear all day and all night,

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Russia's air campaign in Syria is nonstop. And today Russia's

:05:17.:05:21.

militarily give us a rare access to its base. They should us how deal

:05:22.:05:27.

would the ammunition for air strikes. This 500 kilograms bomb, we

:05:28.:05:37.

are told, will target terrorists. They said this would be a limited

:05:38.:05:41.

operation and Russia will not allow itself to be dragged into a

:05:42.:05:46.

prolonged conflict. After six weeks of air strikes there is no end in

:05:47.:05:50.

sight, Russia continued to wage what it calls a war on international

:05:51.:05:55.

terrorism. But Russia has come in for criticism from the West, over

:05:56.:06:00.

some of the targets it has been hitting and of the claims that some

:06:01.:06:04.

of Russia's strikes have caused civilian casualties. Today, a

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Russian Major-General told me there was no evidence for that.

:06:10.:06:16.

TRANSLATION: Russia he said was using precision weapons and

:06:17.:06:23.

targeting terrorists. Russia concedes that only international

:06:24.:06:26.

talks can bring peace to Syria, the power of diplomacy. For now, it is

:06:27.:06:31.

Russian air power which is making itself felt.

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And I spoke to Steve earlier and asked him what impact the military

:06:36.:06:38.

action was having on the situation in Syria.

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Certainly if you ask the Russians that question they will see it as

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having a big impact, a positive impact, one senior military official

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told us today that over the last six weeks of Russian air strikes Russian

:06:53.:07:00.

pilots have carried out 1700 flights missions and have destroyed 2000

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terrorist targets, he said, so from Moscow's point of view the operation

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is successful. Perhaps not as successful as Moscow had hoped it

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would be. Certainly President Assad, and the Syrian army have begin

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certain towns and boss other towns. What is not clear is what Russia's

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exit strategy from here will be. At the start of its operation Moscow

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said this would be limited campaign and that it would provide air

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support for the Syrian army. But it is not clear at what point Moscow

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says we have done our job and it is time to go home. And if that is the

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biggest problem I think at the moment Russia. It appears that

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Moscow does not want to stop at military involvement in Syria, today

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we have learned of a diplomatic plan circulated at the United Nations

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aimed at bringing political reform to the country. Our correspondence

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has told the more. Essentially this is part of the

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Russian exit strategy, clearly the Russians do not believe there is a

:08:09.:08:11.

military solution in Syria, there must be a diplomatic agreement and

:08:12.:08:15.

this 8-point plan is if you like Russia's accented approach to the

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problem. Essentially they say that over 18 months there should be a new

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constitution drafted in Syria, that should be put to a referendum.

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Assuming that this passes there would then be presidential elections

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and parliamentary elections, the new president whoever that might be will

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be in charge of things like foreign policy and the army but the

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parliament would have thought executive authority in other areas.

:08:40.:08:42.

Of course the two crucial questions it leaves out, what would happen to

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President Assad himself? It does not see very much about that and it does

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not explicitly say who would be party to these talks. It talks about

:08:52.:08:57.

the United delegation of opposition groups, it says that grips the light

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I saw should be designated as terrorists and clearly should have

:09:03.:09:05.

no role but who exactly are terrorists and who are not? After

:09:06.:09:09.

all many of the people the Russians are bombing are groups act by the

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West or the Saudis or whoever who they at least believe should be very

:09:14.:09:18.

much participants at these talks so I think it is positive in the sense

:09:19.:09:23.

of providing some momentum, a member there are more talks due in Vienna

:09:24.:09:26.

at the weekend. It certainly does not answer many of the key questions

:09:27.:09:31.

that hang over this whole that matter process. From a Russian

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perspective, why shouldn't it have a go? If all efforts so far

:09:36.:09:40.

diplomatically have failed. So far one hesitates to say things have

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gone well for the Russians because obviously there have been these

:09:45.:09:47.

terrible burnings of an airliner which may quite possibly be linked

:09:48.:09:52.

to Islamic State so there has already been pulled back for Russia

:09:53.:09:56.

if that turns out to be the case but in the narrow sense of the Russian

:09:57.:10:00.

military operation, but it is achieving on the ground as you heard

:10:01.:10:04.

there it is having modest successes but what the whole Russian

:10:05.:10:07.

intervention has done is it has put Moscow absolutely centrestage.

:10:08.:10:12.

Moscow is the key ally of the Syrian regime. Russia and Iran may not see

:10:13.:10:17.

things entirely in the eye but they are both allies of Mr Assad and they

:10:18.:10:20.

are both going to be at the table and the Russians have really

:10:21.:10:25.

demonstrated now that any path towards any settlement in Syria lies

:10:26.:10:30.

one way or another through Moscow and what Moscow thinks and what

:10:31.:10:33.

Moscow is prepared to encourage Mr Assad to deliver will be one of the

:10:34.:10:40.

key determinants in resolving this crisis will be or another.

:10:41.:10:43.

Nigeria finally has a new government, more than seven

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months after Muhammadu Buhari was elected president.

:10:47.:10:48.

The number of ministries has been cut, and Mr Buhari retains overall

:10:49.:10:51.

control of the key oil portfolio. He's promised to clean up corruption

:10:52.:10:54.

and to end an Islamist insurgency in the north.

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The BBC's Martin Patience sent this report.

:10:56.:11:03.

It has been a long wait, but finally Nigeria has got a cabinet. These

:11:04.:11:11.

ministers are under pressure to perform. The president will be

:11:12.:11:18.

watching their every move. He has personally vetted them to try and

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ensure a clean government. Regardless of the present --

:11:24.:11:29.

presents challenges I Ian 's will keep hope alive and sustain their

:11:30.:11:37.

optimism about the future. Tackling corruption is just one of the many

:11:38.:11:42.

challenges that President Buhari faces. He will have to fix a

:11:43.:11:47.

flagging economy and also ends the Boko Haram insurgency. But perhaps

:11:48.:11:51.

his biggest problem will be managing the sky-high expectations that he is

:11:52.:11:57.

the man to transform this country. So far he has been given the benefit

:11:58.:12:05.

of the doubt,... Mr Buhari has permission to take this country to a

:12:06.:12:12.

good level and I say he has done so far, as we can see, we can see he is

:12:13.:12:21.

making good steps. So far so good. He

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making good steps. So far so good. months ago and so far so good, I

:12:24.:12:27.

believe that he is working towards the right direction, trying to take

:12:28.:12:34.

things slowly. Presidents Buhari has appointed his team, he must now

:12:35.:12:36.

deliver or it will disappoint. The European Union has approved new

:12:37.:12:39.

guidelines saying some products can't be labelled as

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"made in Israel" if they come from territories occupied

:12:43.:12:44.

since the 1967 war. Instead, their precise

:12:45.:12:48.

origin must be made clear. Europe says the move is

:12:49.:12:51.

a technical one, The EU Ambassador to Israel,

:12:52.:12:53.

Lars Faaborg-Andersen, insists that the guidelines aren't

:12:54.:12:59.

politically motivated. This is not a boycott. I repeat

:13:00.:13:10.

again, this is not a boycott. Because how can it be a boycott if

:13:11.:13:15.

the product is allowed to come onto the market as they have done

:13:16.:13:20.

previously also? And there is another important point here, the

:13:21.:13:24.

European Union is against sanctions, against boycotting,

:13:25.:13:28.

against isolation of Israel and therefore the measures that we have

:13:29.:13:35.

taken and which again are all based on existing legislation have

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absolutely nothing to do with that. The new policy has taken three

:13:41.:13:44.

years to formulate and has been met Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

:13:45.:13:47.

today condemned the decision as 'hysterical and said the EU

:13:48.:13:50.

should be ashamed. His Education Minister,

:13:51.:13:52.

Naftali Bennett, When we see anti-Semitism we call it

:13:53.:14:02.

out and we see this as a severe and morally wrong move that, in fact

:14:03.:14:07.

beyond everything is going to hurt first and foremost the Palestinians

:14:08.:14:10.

themselves, because roughly 200,000 Palestinian families live, make

:14:11.:14:15.

their living from creating goods that and then partially exported

:14:16.:14:23.

abroad so that anything the EU is going to hurt the Palestinians which

:14:24.:14:26.

I think is a wrong move, these people need to make a living, why

:14:27.:14:29.

would you want to hurt them is beyond my understanding.

:14:30.:14:37.

Breaking news in the last hour, the Russian sports minister said his

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country will adopt new measures to clamp down on doping, including

:14:41.:14:46.

devising new testing methods and possibly opening criminal cases

:14:47.:14:48.

against athletes are suspected of cheating. On Monday he will remember

:14:49.:14:52.

the world anti-doping agency or lease a devastating report showing

:14:53.:14:57.

what it said was systemic doping inside Russian athletics. Meanwhile

:14:58.:15:01.

the International Olympic Committee has promised there will be

:15:02.:15:05.

suspensions and banning as a result of the doping scandal. In an

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interview with the BBC, Thomas Buck said he was shocked but confident.

:15:12.:15:16.

This was shocking and very saddening news, I could never have mentioned

:15:17.:15:22.

that in the International Federation the leadership would be soliciting

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bribes from athletes in order to manipulate the sport and

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competition. This is unbelievable and I think it makes everyone who

:15:36.:15:42.

loves the sport very, very sad but we will not just stay there, we will

:15:43.:15:51.

take action I just mentioned. That is the president of the IOC.

:15:52.:15:57.

Police near the presidential palace in the Afghan capital, Kabul,

:15:58.:16:01.

have fired warning shots to try to disperse a demonstration

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of thousands of angry people. But it didn't stop the rally,

:16:04.:16:05.

which was in protest at the killing by militants of seven

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ethnic minority Hazara civilians. These drone pictures are

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the latest we have. The crowd chanted slogans

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against Islamic State and the Taliban, both of which they blame

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for the murders in Zabul province. Harun Najafizada reports.

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The wave of anger is visible among the thousands of protesters in

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trouble. Carrying covers of seven civilians who were brutally killed

:16:36.:16:39.

by militants in Zabul province, they have walked over ten kilometres to

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arrive at the presidential palace. The bodies were brought to Kabul

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last night, among them women and a young child. The protesters are

:16:50.:16:55.

mainly Hazara, beside them are the residents of Kabul. This woman who

:16:56.:17:01.

has lost a relative says why do they kill Hazara, why do they killed the

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children and the women? The massive demonstration started early in the

:17:10.:17:11.

morning and it has continued peacefully. The government is so

:17:12.:17:21.

incompetent it has put the people in trouble, now the government is not

:17:22.:17:23.

only in trouble but everywhere, even in couple. Insurgents had abducted

:17:24.:17:32.

for men, two women and a childhood from the ethnic has a minority. They

:17:33.:17:36.

were travelling from Kandahar in the south months ago. Negotiations

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failed to their results. Despite repeated calls, the government could

:17:44.:17:51.

not secure the release. The protesters have not yet buried the

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bodies. They want justice and the demand security from the National

:17:56.:18:01.

Security government for ordinary citizens. Many analysts see this as

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a challenge for the President's government.

:18:06.:18:11.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:18:12.:18:14.

Egypt's President Al-Sisi has visited Sharm El-Sheikh

:18:15.:18:15.

for the first time since a Russian airliner crashed, suspected

:18:16.:18:18.

Mr Al-Sisi said that Egypt was secure and his visit was

:18:19.:18:22.

a message of support for investors and businesses.

:18:23.:18:25.

FIFA's outgoing boss Sepp Blatter has been hospitalised.

:18:26.:18:28.

The BBC understands the Fifa president suffered what has been

:18:29.:18:30.

described as a "small breakdown" and "nervous shock".

:18:31.:18:34.

He was suspended by FIFA last month amid the huge corruption scandal.

:18:35.:18:38.

Friends say he is recovering and is able to communicate.

:18:39.:18:41.

He's expected to make a full recovery.

:18:42.:18:49.

Unseasonably dry weather has caused the River Rhine to reach record low

:18:50.:18:57.

levels affecting the major shipping channels serving Germany France and

:18:58.:19:02.

Switzerland. Sand bars are forming and relics of the Second World War

:19:03.:19:06.

can be seen poking out of the water. Back to the top story, European and

:19:07.:19:11.

African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta on the

:19:12.:19:14.

migrant crisis, the focus is shifting from Syria to graze to stem

:19:15.:19:17.

the flow of refugees from African countries. Let's join Chris Morris

:19:18.:19:23.

at the meeting. What have we been hearing so far?

:19:24.:19:31.

It depends which side of the Mediterranean they come from, I

:19:32.:19:33.

think we are hearing slightly different messages whether a yard

:19:34.:19:38.

European or an African leader, Europe is stressing joint shared

:19:39.:19:40.

responsibility, the need for African countries to do more to help them

:19:41.:19:45.

persuade people not to set out in these dangerous journeys in the

:19:46.:19:47.

first place. And more controversially, to do more to

:19:48.:19:52.

persuade those who are in Europe to return to their home countries if

:19:53.:19:56.

they -- if their asylum applications have been rejected. From the

:19:57.:20:00.

Africans we are hearing hang on, if you want to clamp down on illegal

:20:01.:20:03.

migration then we need financial assistance of another kind which is

:20:04.:20:07.

on offer but we also need the pressure to be relieved and that

:20:08.:20:09.

means that legal migration must become a little bit easier, whether

:20:10.:20:14.

it be for students to go on scholarships or seasonal workers to

:20:15.:20:18.

be able to travel briefly on short-term visas to work in Europe.

:20:19.:20:23.

Without that kind of thing I think people in Africa feel that you will

:20:24.:20:26.

just be storing up even bigger problems for itself in terms of

:20:27.:20:30.

migration in the future. Interesting that this time it is not

:20:31.:20:35.

just EU leaders talking amongst themselves, the African leaders are

:20:36.:20:38.

represented there, too, one wonders how much of a difference that might

:20:39.:20:42.

make the outcome. I think what it is is a recognition

:20:43.:20:46.

that some of the problems which have been exposed by this migration

:20:47.:20:50.

crisis really are a long-term, if you really want to stop people

:20:51.:20:54.

leaving African countries in the search for a better life and you're

:20:55.:20:57.

talking about things like poverty reduction, conflict resolution,

:20:58.:21:01.

which are decades in the making. And yet on both sides of the

:21:02.:21:06.

Mediterranean, African countries and in particular in European countries

:21:07.:21:11.

there are demands, political pressures for quick fix solutions,

:21:12.:21:14.

for things to happen right away and many of these issues that simply is

:21:15.:21:19.

not possible so I think there are competing pressures from those who

:21:20.:21:21.

say we must do something right away and others saying if you want to do

:21:22.:21:25.

so -- if you want to make a long-term difference you must be

:21:26.:21:28.

patient but the trouble is that patience is in short supply. Of

:21:29.:21:33.

course the problem is just so much bigger than dealing with the

:21:34.:21:38.

migrants coming from Africa. It is, this summit was called at the

:21:39.:21:46.

beginning of the summer season in April, when it seemed as though the

:21:47.:21:49.

Ritz from Libya across the Mediterranean to countries like

:21:50.:21:53.

Italy was the main migration route into Europe and as we know in the

:21:54.:21:57.

last few months it has been overtaken dramatically by the number

:21:58.:22:00.

of Syrian refugees in particular living from Turkey towards the Greek

:22:01.:22:05.

islands and yet still we have had nearly 150,000 people arrive on

:22:06.:22:09.

Italian shores so this is really still part of the problem and has to

:22:10.:22:11.

be part of the solution. Thank you.

:22:12.:22:15.

30 years ago, many thought they were better than the programmes -

:22:16.:22:20.

Advertisers are worried that many viewers can now fast forward

:22:21.:22:24.

The industry believes the answer is advertising we can't skip.

:22:25.:22:31.

On the right, the beer bottle has been added digitally.

:22:32.:22:54.

And, of course, it means you can change things according to where

:22:55.:23:16.

If your character develops a bit of a thirst, what they drink can change

:23:17.:23:21.

if they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China, or here in Britain.

:23:22.:23:33.

The products can also shift depending

:23:34.:23:35.

on who's watching to reflect your sex, your age or even your income.

:23:36.:23:40.

Give me an idea, what could you do with a space like this?

:23:41.:23:44.

Well, a guiding principle about what we do is finding the

:23:45.:23:46.

And in this sort of context we could do a number of things.

:23:47.:23:52.

We could have beverages, we could have computers,

:23:53.:23:54.

And we can even reinforce those brand messages by having signage,

:23:55.:23:59.

Which reflects the same brand, but albeit in a different way.

:24:00.:24:06.

All I'm saying is I am like the brain man of the surf...

:24:07.:24:09.

Yes, that film poster on Home and Away is digital, and different

:24:10.:24:14.

Youku, a kind of Chinese YouTube and Netflix,

:24:15.:24:19.

has just signed a deal to use the technology in its programmes.

:24:20.:24:23.

It's a solution to the great fear running through

:24:24.:24:27.

advertising that we are getting better and better at avoiding ads.

:24:28.:24:32.

And some agencies wonder if there is much future for the

:24:33.:24:34.

I think we're going to see a really fast shift.

:24:35.:24:41.

You're going to see either the big epic storytelling at shared

:24:42.:24:44.

moments or you're going to see the smart, personalised, using dynamic

:24:45.:24:49.

You're just not going to see that 30 second ad in the same way at all.

:24:50.:24:57.

Of course, at the moment most of us still watch

:24:58.:25:00.

But when they're in the programme, you really can't skip.

:25:01.:25:10.

The car on the left, by the way, and the billboard, aren't real.

:25:11.:25:14.

If you're a keen skier you might want to look away now.

:25:15.:25:23.

This is a professional, Ian McIntosh, filming a sports film in

:25:24.:25:32.

Alaska. He's regarded as one of the world's best free skiers - but on

:25:33.:25:35.

this occasion finds himself quickly out of control and tumbling

:25:36.:25:37.

earthwards. He survived the fall of almost 500

:25:38.:25:44.

metres with no serious injuries. He even carried on filming.

:25:45.:25:55.

Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first

:25:56.:26:11.

Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first named storm

:26:12.:26:13.

of the winter season in the UK expected

:26:14.:26:15.

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