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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.
A new plan to tackle Europe's migrant crisis.
European and African leaders are meeting in Malta to try to stem the
Russia puts forward an 18 month plan to end the Syrian conflict -
as it continues to provide air support to the Assad regime.
For six weeks now, Russian bombers have been taking off from here,
locating targets and carrying out terror strikes across Syria.
Digital tricks with product placement as advertisers try
If your character develops a bit of a first, the drink can change if
they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China or here, back to Britain.
Also coming up, don't try this on your skiing holiday, find out
what happened to this professional skiier who fell down a mountain.
We start with Europe's migrant crisis, where the focus is,
for the moment, shifting away from the tragedy
in Syria to ways to stem the flow of refugees from African countries.
European and African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta
EU countries are expected to offer billions of pounds in aid to Africa
try to reduce the number of people coming to Europe.
More than 750,000 migrants are believed to have arrived by sea
so far this year, that number may be higher as some may have passed
But it's still nearly three times the total number of migrants who
For those travelling from Africa - the most popular route is
But it's dangerous, thousands have died attempting to
Clive Myrie reports from Malta from where the sum it is taking place.
The Maltese Prime Minister has referred to these waters
The Mediterranean a graveyard for tens of thousands who tried to
Today pleasure boats bob on the sea and now Malta is
the venue for talks on one of the most important issues of our time.
How best to tackle mass migration from Africa to Europe.
So crucial to summit they have already built a monument to it.
The strong message I had to deliver is we need to attack
Poverty, inequality, the Democratic deficit and insecurity.
David Cameron is here for the talks and while visiting a Royal
Navy ship docked nearby, the sailors helped rescue migrants all summer.
He outlined where he was seeking agreement.
Now we need to do more to smash the criminal gangs that are fuelling
this terrible trade in people and also break the link between
getting on a boat and getting the chance to settle in Europe.
Africa's migrants and refugees are second only to
These are Somalian people I met on an Italian coastguard ship back
Somalia, Eritrea and Nigeria revived the vast majority of the
roughly 140,000 Africans who have tried to get to the EU this year.
Now in Malta African leaders want more legal routes
for migrants to settle in Europe and more aid to help tackle poverty.
In return Europe is hoping that Africa will work harder
The UN deputy Secretary General told me the Malta summit is
a crucial chance for both sides to see the other's point of view.
To have an understanding for China's position I think is
the recipe to dealing with something that I think we have to live with
and need to live with in the future, namely in a globalised world people
As all the delegates gather tonight the smiles on the razzmatazz belie
Unless they can come up with a workable solution to tackle
the migration crisis, more people will die trying to get to Europe.
It's six weeks since Russian aircraft began an intensive bombing
More than 1,000 combat missions have already been flown.
But critics say Russia is targeting enemies of Syria's President Assad
Our Moscow correspondent Steve Rosenberg has been given
access to Russia's main airbase near the Syrian city of Latakia.
Around the base there is one sound you hear all day and all night,
Russia's air campaign in Syria is nonstop. And today Russia's
militarily give us a rare access to its base. They should us how deal
would the ammunition for air strikes. This 500 kilograms bomb, we
are told, will target terrorists. They said this would be a limited
operation and Russia will not allow itself to be dragged into a
prolonged conflict. After six weeks of air strikes there is no end in
sight, Russia continued to wage what it calls a war on international
terrorism. But Russia has come in for criticism from the West, over
some of the targets it has been hitting and of the claims that some
of Russia's strikes have caused civilian casualties. Today, a
Russian Major-General told me there was no evidence for that.
TRANSLATION: Russia he said was using precision weapons and
targeting terrorists. Russia concedes that only international
talks can bring peace to Syria, the power of diplomacy. For now, it is
Russian air power which is making itself felt.
And I spoke to Steve earlier and asked him what impact the military
action was having on the situation in Syria.
Certainly if you ask the Russians that question they will see it as
having a big impact, a positive impact, one senior military official
told us today that over the last six weeks of Russian air strikes Russian
pilots have carried out 1700 flights missions and have destroyed 2000
terrorist targets, he said, so from Moscow's point of view the operation
is successful. Perhaps not as successful as Moscow had hoped it
would be. Certainly President Assad, and the Syrian army have begin
certain towns and boss other towns. What is not clear is what Russia's
exit strategy from here will be. At the start of its operation Moscow
said this would be limited campaign and that it would provide air
support for the Syrian army. But it is not clear at what point Moscow
says we have done our job and it is time to go home. And if that is the
biggest problem I think at the moment Russia. It appears that
Moscow does not want to stop at military involvement in Syria, today
we have learned of a diplomatic plan circulated at the United Nations
aimed at bringing political reform to the country. Our correspondence
has told the more. Essentially this is part of the
Russian exit strategy, clearly the Russians do not believe there is a
military solution in Syria, there must be a diplomatic agreement and
this 8-point plan is if you like Russia's accented approach to the
problem. Essentially they say that over 18 months there should be a new
constitution drafted in Syria, that should be put to a referendum.
Assuming that this passes there would then be presidential elections
and parliamentary elections, the new president whoever that might be will
be in charge of things like foreign policy and the army but the
parliament would have thought executive authority in other areas.
Of course the two crucial questions it leaves out, what would happen to
President Assad himself? It does not see very much about that and it does
not explicitly say who would be party to these talks. It talks about
the United delegation of opposition groups, it says that grips the light
I saw should be designated as terrorists and clearly should have
no role but who exactly are terrorists and who are not? After
all many of the people the Russians are bombing are groups act by the
West or the Saudis or whoever who they at least believe should be very
much participants at these talks so I think it is positive in the sense
of providing some momentum, a member there are more talks due in Vienna
at the weekend. It certainly does not answer many of the key questions
that hang over this whole that matter process. From a Russian
perspective, why shouldn't it have a go? If all efforts so far
diplomatically have failed. So far one hesitates to say things have
gone well for the Russians because obviously there have been these
terrible burnings of an airliner which may quite possibly be linked
to Islamic State so there has already been pulled back for Russia
if that turns out to be the case but in the narrow sense of the Russian
military operation, but it is achieving on the ground as you heard
there it is having modest successes but what the whole Russian
intervention has done is it has put Moscow absolutely centrestage.
Moscow is the key ally of the Syrian regime. Russia and Iran may not see
things entirely in the eye but they are both allies of Mr Assad and they
are both going to be at the table and the Russians have really
demonstrated now that any path towards any settlement in Syria lies
one way or another through Moscow and what Moscow thinks and what
Moscow is prepared to encourage Mr Assad to deliver will be one of the
key determinants in resolving this crisis will be or another.
Nigeria finally has a new government, more than seven
months after Muhammadu Buhari was elected president.
The number of ministries has been cut, and Mr Buhari retains overall
control of the key oil portfolio. He's promised to clean up corruption
and to end an Islamist insurgency in the north.
The BBC's Martin Patience sent this report.
It has been a long wait, but finally Nigeria has got a cabinet. These
ministers are under pressure to perform. The president will be
watching their every move. He has personally vetted them to try and
ensure a clean government. Regardless of the present --
presents challenges I Ian 's will keep hope alive and sustain their
optimism about the future. Tackling corruption is just one of the many
challenges that President Buhari faces. He will have to fix a
flagging economy and also ends the Boko Haram insurgency. But perhaps
his biggest problem will be managing the sky-high expectations that he is
the man to transform this country. So far he has been given the benefit
of the doubt,... Mr Buhari has permission to take this country to a
good level and I say he has done so far, as we can see, we can see he is
making good steps. So far so good. He
making good steps. So far so good. months ago and so far so good, I
believe that he is working towards the right direction, trying to take
things slowly. Presidents Buhari has appointed his team, he must now
deliver or it will disappoint. The European Union has approved new
guidelines saying some products can't be labelled as
"made in Israel" if they come from territories occupied
since the 1967 war. Instead, their precise
origin must be made clear. Europe says the move is
a technical one, The EU Ambassador to Israel,
Lars Faaborg-Andersen, insists that the guidelines aren't
politically motivated. This is not a boycott. I repeat
again, this is not a boycott. Because how can it be a boycott if
the product is allowed to come onto the market as they have done
previously also? And there is another important point here, the
European Union is against sanctions, against boycotting,
against isolation of Israel and therefore the measures that we have
taken and which again are all based on existing legislation have
absolutely nothing to do with that. The new policy has taken three
years to formulate and has been met Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
today condemned the decision as 'hysterical and said the EU
should be ashamed. His Education Minister,
Naftali Bennett, When we see anti-Semitism we call it
out and we see this as a severe and morally wrong move that, in fact
beyond everything is going to hurt first and foremost the Palestinians
themselves, because roughly 200,000 Palestinian families live, make
their living from creating goods that and then partially exported
abroad so that anything the EU is going to hurt the Palestinians which
I think is a wrong move, these people need to make a living, why
would you want to hurt them is beyond my understanding.
Breaking news in the last hour, the Russian sports minister said his
country will adopt new measures to clamp down on doping, including
devising new testing methods and possibly opening criminal cases
against athletes are suspected of cheating. On Monday he will remember
the world anti-doping agency or lease a devastating report showing
what it said was systemic doping inside Russian athletics. Meanwhile
the International Olympic Committee has promised there will be
suspensions and banning as a result of the doping scandal. In an
interview with the BBC, Thomas Buck said he was shocked but confident.
This was shocking and very saddening news, I could never have mentioned
that in the International Federation the leadership would be soliciting
bribes from athletes in order to manipulate the sport and
competition. This is unbelievable and I think it makes everyone who
loves the sport very, very sad but we will not just stay there, we will
take action I just mentioned. That is the president of the IOC.
Police near the presidential palace in the Afghan capital, Kabul,
have fired warning shots to try to disperse a demonstration
of thousands of angry people. But it didn't stop the rally,
which was in protest at the killing by militants of seven
ethnic minority Hazara civilians. These drone pictures are
the latest we have. The crowd chanted slogans
against Islamic State and the Taliban, both of which they blame
for the murders in Zabul province. Harun Najafizada reports.
The wave of anger is visible among the thousands of protesters in
trouble. Carrying covers of seven civilians who were brutally killed
by militants in Zabul province, they have walked over ten kilometres to
arrive at the presidential palace. The bodies were brought to Kabul
last night, among them women and a young child. The protesters are
mainly Hazara, beside them are the residents of Kabul. This woman who
has lost a relative says why do they kill Hazara, why do they killed the
children and the women? The massive demonstration started early in the
morning and it has continued peacefully. The government is so
incompetent it has put the people in trouble, now the government is not
only in trouble but everywhere, even in couple. Insurgents had abducted
for men, two women and a childhood from the ethnic has a minority. They
were travelling from Kandahar in the south months ago. Negotiations
failed to their results. Despite repeated calls, the government could
not secure the release. The protesters have not yet buried the
bodies. They want justice and the demand security from the National
Security government for ordinary citizens. Many analysts see this as
a challenge for the President's government.
Now a look at some of the days other news.
Egypt's President Al-Sisi has visited Sharm El-Sheikh
for the first time since a Russian airliner crashed, suspected
Mr Al-Sisi said that Egypt was secure and his visit was
a message of support for investors and businesses.
FIFA's outgoing boss Sepp Blatter has been hospitalised.
The BBC understands the Fifa president suffered what has been
described as a "small breakdown" and "nervous shock".
He was suspended by FIFA last month amid the huge corruption scandal.
Friends say he is recovering and is able to communicate.
He's expected to make a full recovery.
Unseasonably dry weather has caused the River Rhine to reach record low
levels affecting the major shipping channels serving Germany France and
Switzerland. Sand bars are forming and relics of the Second World War
can be seen poking out of the water. Back to the top story, European and
African leaders are holding a two-day summit in Malta on the
migrant crisis, the focus is shifting from Syria to graze to stem
the flow of refugees from African countries. Let's join Chris Morris
at the meeting. What have we been hearing so far?
It depends which side of the Mediterranean they come from, I
think we are hearing slightly different messages whether a yard
European or an African leader, Europe is stressing joint shared
responsibility, the need for African countries to do more to help them
persuade people not to set out in these dangerous journeys in the
first place. And more controversially, to do more to
persuade those who are in Europe to return to their home countries if
they -- if their asylum applications have been rejected. From the
Africans we are hearing hang on, if you want to clamp down on illegal
migration then we need financial assistance of another kind which is
on offer but we also need the pressure to be relieved and that
means that legal migration must become a little bit easier, whether
it be for students to go on scholarships or seasonal workers to
be able to travel briefly on short-term visas to work in Europe.
Without that kind of thing I think people in Africa feel that you will
just be storing up even bigger problems for itself in terms of
migration in the future. Interesting that this time it is not
just EU leaders talking amongst themselves, the African leaders are
represented there, too, one wonders how much of a difference that might
make the outcome. I think what it is is a recognition
that some of the problems which have been exposed by this migration
crisis really are a long-term, if you really want to stop people
leaving African countries in the search for a better life and you're
talking about things like poverty reduction, conflict resolution,
which are decades in the making. And yet on both sides of the
Mediterranean, African countries and in particular in European countries
there are demands, political pressures for quick fix solutions,
for things to happen right away and many of these issues that simply is
not possible so I think there are competing pressures from those who
say we must do something right away and others saying if you want to do
so -- if you want to make a long-term difference you must be
patient but the trouble is that patience is in short supply. Of
course the problem is just so much bigger than dealing with the
migrants coming from Africa. It is, this summit was called at the
beginning of the summer season in April, when it seemed as though the
Ritz from Libya across the Mediterranean to countries like
Italy was the main migration route into Europe and as we know in the
last few months it has been overtaken dramatically by the number
of Syrian refugees in particular living from Turkey towards the Greek
islands and yet still we have had nearly 150,000 people arrive on
Italian shores so this is really still part of the problem and has to
be part of the solution. Thank you.
30 years ago, many thought they were better than the programmes -
Advertisers are worried that many viewers can now fast forward
The industry believes the answer is advertising we can't skip.
On the right, the beer bottle has been added digitally.
And, of course, it means you can change things according to where
If your character develops a bit of a thirst, what they drink can change
if they are in Singapore, Indonesia, China, or here in Britain.
The products can also shift depending
on who's watching to reflect your sex, your age or even your income.
Give me an idea, what could you do with a space like this?
Well, a guiding principle about what we do is finding the
And in this sort of context we could do a number of things.
We could have beverages, we could have computers,
And we can even reinforce those brand messages by having signage,
Which reflects the same brand, but albeit in a different way.
All I'm saying is I am like the brain man of the surf...
Yes, that film poster on Home and Away is digital, and different
Youku, a kind of Chinese YouTube and Netflix,
has just signed a deal to use the technology in its programmes.
It's a solution to the great fear running through
advertising that we are getting better and better at avoiding ads.
And some agencies wonder if there is much future for the
I think we're going to see a really fast shift.
You're going to see either the big epic storytelling at shared
moments or you're going to see the smart, personalised, using dynamic
You're just not going to see that 30 second ad in the same way at all.
Of course, at the moment most of us still watch
But when they're in the programme, you really can't skip.
The car on the left, by the way, and the billboard, aren't real.
If you're a keen skier you might want to look away now.
This is a professional, Ian McIntosh, filming a sports film in
Alaska. He's regarded as one of the world's best free skiers - but on
this occasion finds himself quickly out of control and tumbling
earthwards. He survived the fall of almost 500
metres with no serious injuries. He even carried on filming.
Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first
Thank you for being here. Hello there. We have our first named storm
of the winter season in the UK expected