12/11/2015 World News Today


12/11/2015

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alpa Patel.

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The EU's open borders policy is called into question -

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As migrant tensions increase, Donald Tusk warns the Schengen

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Chaos and destruction return to the streets of Beirut - two suicide

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The leaders of the world's oldest democracy and the world's biggest

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democracy meet in London with a fanfare and some protests.

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And Otto the skateboarding bulldog is not only making headlines -

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The migrant crisis could spell the end of passport-free travel

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The President of the European Council - Donald Tusk - says

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the EU's in a "race against time" to save the Schengen system which

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Today Sweden became the latest country to re-impose border controls

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- temporarily - after record numbers of migrants arrived there.

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Clive Myrie joins us from Malta where the talks have been taking

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place. Yes, the European Council President's words are alarming to

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those who see the free movement of people across borders at the heart

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of Europe as the cornerstone of European integration and it is

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interesting it is not Eurosceptics who are dealing a blow against free

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movement but Somalis and Afghans and Syrians. And this at the end of an

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eventful two-day conference here where we have seen progress in the

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attempt to put forward mechanisms to deal with the migrant crisis.

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Malta's national graveyard, serene and tranquil today but filled

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with an anguished crowd back in April at the burial here of some

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of the 800 migrants drowned in just one night off the Maltese coast.

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Graveyard official Eman Bonnici was there.

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It was very emotional because the child was buried in this vault here.

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It's failing now to stop hundreds of thousands more refugees

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and other migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean.

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That's why the EU called this, by now its sixth summit

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It's like trying to repair leaking dam.

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Block up the hole in one area and water comes gushing through

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The migrant route to Europe has moved from Morocco to Libya

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This issue isn't almost over, it's going to be with Europe

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for years to come and long-term problems need long-term solutions.

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So far, the EU's reaction has been chaotic and uncoordinated but these

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meetings in Malta are a real attempt at finding a more strategic

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The president of the European Council says it has to

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We are under no allusions that we can improve

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the situation overnight but we are committed to giving people

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Here in Malta, the EU has been working with African leaders,

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asking them to crack down on people smugglers and offering cash to help

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improve life in African countries to make Europe less enticing.

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What Africa needs today is not charity.

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This is what drives society forward, both in Europe and in United States.

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And when you talk of investment, actually, 1.8 billion is not much.

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Today, the UK pledged a further ?200 million for Africa to tackle

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Britain gives more overseas aid than any other European country.

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But EU partners complain about lack of solidarity

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when it comes to dealing with asylum seekers already in Europe.

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Balkan countries are now managing to move migrants smoothly

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Successfully dealing with this crisis means European nations

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are doing what they often find difficult, working together.

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Otherwise the EU will continue to lose credibility on other continents

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As you saw, a more orderly situation exists on

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the all can migrant route but what about the other big access point for

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Ed Thomas reports from the island of Lesbos which has seen

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On dark nights through rough seas, this is a journey like no other.

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His mother's only help, his two sisters from West Yorkshire.

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She is a GP but nothing prepared her for this.

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What must they be running from to be forced to do this?

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The governments need to be doing so much more, the governments

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This is what they are putting innocent families through.

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At night turns today, the boats don't stop.

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Syrians, Iraqis and more more Afghans.

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A young generation of Afghanistan is coming in Europe and right now in

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All of the people is going to come in Europe.

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Smugglers are paid and migrant boats sail when

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and where they want, in full view of the Turkish coast guard.

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But don't think this is an easy journey.

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For some, there is no law on the Aegean.

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These people say they were held at gunpoint and robbed.

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Nobody knows exactly who is on these boats.

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You might recognise his accent or even his face.

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This is a return trip to the place he calls home.

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So who stays and who goes? and two years in Kent.

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In Sweden and Germany, the mood music of this crisis is

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changing but who will tell this man to return to Syria where

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Islamic State said they would kill him for playing the music he loves?

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And who would force this Yazidi mother back to

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And who will explain to this six-year-old girl

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As you saw, the politicians were here meeting and discussing the

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migration issue, the boats across the water was still coming. Frankly,

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the summit here now it has come to an end, it will not prevent those

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boats continuing to set sail. Clive, going back to the warning about

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Schengen facing collapse, our EU leaders nervous that it could face

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collapse? They are nervous, very nervous. The

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free movement of people across an area where you do not have to show

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your passport, you can move freely is the cornerstone of European

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integration. But the migration crisis has put a massive massive

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amount of pressure on that. You have countries like Slovenia putting up

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razor wire, Hungary building a wall to prevent the movement of people,

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illegal migrants getting across the borders. Today, Sweden made it clear

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they had to reinstate border controls because 15,000 people

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turning up on their border every week was unsustainable. They could

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not cope. There was a big discussion now within the European Union by

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those who believe that the Schengen area, the free movement area, is

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finished. The migration crisis has made its collapse and those who

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still believe fervently in the ideal of the free movement of people. That

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debate continues. It has not been resolved but is important for the

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future of the European Union. Clive, thank you.

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Reports from Lebanon say at least 37 people have been killed in two

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The blasts happened in the mainly Shia southern suburbs

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There is also a Palestinian refugee camp there.

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Hezbollah has played a key role in the Syrian conflict in support

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The spillover from the Syrian war has seen a number of

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Our correspondent Lina Sinjab is in Beirut.

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After the suicide bombers at the Lebanese authorities say the number

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of people killed has reached almost 40 with more than 180 injured. This

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is according to the Lebanese Red Cross. The suicide attacks took

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place near a Shi'ite mocks as people left after prayer. This area is

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highly condensed -- mosque. It is a has blah stronghold,

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highly condensed -- mosque. It is a here believe this is a setback or

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reaction to the war in Syria but it is also a big security break because

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this area should be completely sealed and controlled by Hezbollah

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so for these attacks to take place is really risky for the area. So

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far, no one has announced responsibility but over the past few

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years and because of the conflict in Syria tension is rising here in

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Lebanon on and divisions between opponents and supporters of the

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Syrian government with Bashar al-Assad but other attacks took

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place and opposition groups claimed responsibility but the Lebanese

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government say there are cells affiliated to terrorist groups, as

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they call them, in Syria, and they blame them for many infiltrations

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that are taking place inside Lebanon on. With the situation that happened

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today, there are no confirmed reports on who is responsible for

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the attacks. It's difficult to forget the images,

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from August last year, of the desperate Yazidi minority

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group stranded on Mount Sinjar after so called Islamic State

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captured Sinjar town. Tens of thousands

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of Yazidis were forced out of their homes, but now Kurdish forces are

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now trying to recapture the town. Kurdish fighters have retaken

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the mountain and they are launching the offensive from two towns

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in their control, Rabiaa and Snumy. Jim Muir is with the Kurdish

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forces and sent this report. We have come up here to this front

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line position just to get as close as you can get to Sinjar to see

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what the situation in the townies. as you can get to Sinjar to see

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what the situation is. The Peshmerga, the Kurdish forces,

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are amassing here. They have been advancing also

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from the west and east so they have cut off Sinjar from an

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IS point of view from three sides. Preparing for a final assault

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to take the town itself. Yeah,

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what he's saying is that there is no They don't hold firm positions they

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are moving around all over I feel very happy

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because this day... What has happened here is

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a house which was occupied by Isis This is showing

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the technique they use time and time again when they are being

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attacked by Kurdish forces. They put mines, booby traps

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in houses and at roadsides. This is to hold up advances and to

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cause maximum possible casualties. This is not going to be a short

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and easy job. It's the first time an Indian

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premier has visited Britain This morning Narendra Modi flew

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in to London at the start Within hours he and David Cameron

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had announced trade deals worth Mr Cameron said the UK wanted to

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become India's "number one partner" Our Delhi correspondent

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Justin Rowlatt reports. No, we are going over to Christian

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Fraser he was in central London. Yes, thank you. It is all ready and

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important relationship between the two countries, Britain is the

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biggest of the G20 to invest in India and it has been that way for

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14 years. India invest more in Britain than all the other EU

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countries put together. But David Cameron thinks the relationship

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could go even further so today they set out a road map for deeper

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co-operation. There will be all kinds of new investment in clean

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energy, finance, infrastructure, to help the Indian economy and that

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really is the reason they have rolled out the red carpet for him

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today. David Cameron has been three times to India in five years and the

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visit has not been reciprocated until now. It may not be an official

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visit but it looks like one. Now, that report from Justin.

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It is the first time all old Indian Prime Minister has visited the UK

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chain decade, and David Cameron was very keen to put on a good show.

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Mr Modi was greeted by a fly past from the Red Arrows.

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And a bit of good old-fashioned British pomp from the regimental

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But the real business of this trip is, well, business.

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These days even Belgium exports more to India than the UK.

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And it is that sad fact that David Cameron is hoping this visit

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I do not believe we are realising the true potential of this

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relationship, and that is what Prime Minister Modi and I want to change.

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We want to forge a more ambitious, modern partnership,

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harnessing our strengths and working together for the long term to help

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shape our fortunes at home and abroad in the 21st century.

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the 2 leaders agreed in ?9 billion worth of new deals between British

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and Indian companies and initiatives to Indian businesses to raise more

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But do not expect it all to go smoothly.

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You can see what a divisive figure Mr Modi is.

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He is associated with a rising climate of intolerance in India.

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This noisy crowd of protesters is expected to follow

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compared to other countries, where we should be going forwards.

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It is a superpower but it is not looking after its people.

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He is wearing a veil of democracy, and he is inside.

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Mr Modi, India is becoming an increasingly

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India is the land of Gandhi, it is a vibrant chrissie

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The 2 leaders scattered petals at the feet of the hero of Indian

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independence, evidence perhaps that the bitterness of

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Mr Cameron hopes this visit will foster an invigorated commercial

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The Prime Minister is that we'll be sitting down the Prime Minister is

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that we'll be sitting down this relationship and the Prime Minister

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in Britain has reassured people nothing will be off the table and as

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you saw, many will hope he brings up the issue of human rights. 200

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writers wrote an open letter to the pro minister today expressing their

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concerns about freedom of expression in India. There is a feeling among

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academics and historians and writers that Narendra Modi is not speaking

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out enough about religious violence in India and that is what we have

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heard represented in Whitehall for many demonstrators who turned up.

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You use the word hoping David Cameron will bring up human rights

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issues with the renderer Modi, when will we know if he does?

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Well, we get these communications from Downing Street from time to

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time as to how the visit is going. I think from the questions you got

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from a robust western media, he will all ready understand where part of

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the agenda is in this visit. They were asking him about his record

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about the history in Gujarat. People pointing to the events in 2002, the

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riots in Gujarat where 1000 people were killed, mostly Muslims and the

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feeling in Britain and many countries around the world was the

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chief minister had not done enough to stop it. There were some who

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thought the Hindu nationalists that supported them encouraged violence

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and he was banned here in Britain. He will understand what part of the

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agenda is and will understand in international diplomacy David

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Cameron must represent that feeling and no doubt we will hear that

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tomorrow when the Prime Minister speaks to the press again. Thank

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you, Christian. There have been clashes in the Greek

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capital between police and demonstrators taking part

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in a general strike. Police fired tear gas to

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disperse anti-austerity protesters It was the biggest protest

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the country has seen since the Greek prime minister was re-elected

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in September, promising to soften Nearly 25,000 people took part

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in three separate demonstrations George Clooney swapped Hollywood for

:19:52.:19:54.

a local cafe in Edinburgh today. He paid a visit to a sandwich shop

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which employs homeless people and Our correspondent Kevin Keane was

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there when the film star dropped His report contains

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flash photography. It felt like a royal visit,

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but this was a welcome the Palace The Hollywood heart-throb was

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heading for a coffee shop whose customers can also buy drinks

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for people who are homeless. Why are you supporting this

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charity in particular? I like what they are doing, I think

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it is a very important cause. The idea that we can all

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participate in everyone's You must be used to a crowd like

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this, but we're not in Scotland. I feel bad for them because they

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are standing out in the cold. Inside, and he met the staff, many

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of them once homeless themselves. I'm going to give you some money

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but all I have is dollars. Well,

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we will take whatever dollars... It was all selfies and smiles

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as this A-lister was shown around. So you mostly come to work

:21:20.:21:23.

at seven o'clock in the morning? We invited him to Scotland

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and we said we'd help fundraise And whilst he was here we invited

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him to come and visit one of our local sandwich shops,

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Social Bite, and to After 15 minutes, George was back

:21:36.:21:38.

out, bringing the scent of stardom It is just great to see a

:21:39.:21:44.

Hollywood A-list star in Edinburgh. You did manage to see him

:21:45.:21:54.

and speak to him? No red carpet,

:21:55.:21:57.

but a bit of glitz on a gloomy day. Now was it or wasn't it racially

:21:58.:22:14.

motivated - let's show you a video from an incident at an Apple

:22:15.:22:17.

store in Melbourne, Australia which These guys are worried about your

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presence in our store. They are worried you might steal something.

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Why would we steal something? Guys, end of discussion. I need to

:22:41.:22:43.

Apple has apologised to six schoolboys asked to leave one

:22:44.:22:46.

of their shops in Australia, in what the students described

:22:47.:22:49.

The video, pretty damning, six young black teenagers in this Apple Store

:22:50.:22:55.

in Melbourne apparently going about their business shopping and being

:22:56.:22:57.

asked to leave because security staff were worried they were going

:22:58.:23:00.

to shoplift but no real evidence that they were doing anything wrong

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at all other than browsing around the Apple Store.

:23:04.:23:11.

The fact Apple has apologised so quickly

:23:12.:23:14.

for this reflects the fact that Apple regarded this as something

:23:15.:23:17.

This video has gone viral in Australia, posted on Facebook

:23:18.:23:26.

I don't think anyone is suggesting there is a culture

:23:27.:23:33.

They have clearly realised that a couple of individuals,

:23:34.:23:43.

the security guards in question, have done something wrong and I

:23:44.:23:48.

wouldn't be surprised if they were receiving quite a dressing down

:23:49.:23:51.

Meanwhile, the boys have been back to the store as guests of Apple, I

:23:52.:24:00.

would not be surprised if a few goody bags have been handed out and

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one of the boys posted on Facebook that

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and they were feeling pretty chilled about it.

:24:06.:24:13.

Authorities in the Canadian city of Montreal are dumping raw sewage

:24:14.:24:16.

Officials say the project is necessary

:24:17.:24:20.

so old infrastructure in the sewage treatment system can be replaced.

:24:21.:24:23.

But the project has caused anger both

:24:24.:24:24.

Regarding drinking consumption, there is no problem. You can drink

:24:25.:25:11.

the water, no problem. It's a world record you've

:25:12.:25:30.

probably never heard of before. A bulldog called Otto has

:25:31.:25:40.

rolled into the record books after skateboarding through

:25:41.:25:43.

the "longest human tunnel" in Peru. Otto steered his way through the

:25:44.:25:45.

legs of 30 people and was presented Otto's owners,

:25:46.:25:48.

Luciana Viale and Robert Rickards, were inspired to get a bulldog

:25:49.:25:53.

after watching videos of former Hello, some persistent rain on the

:25:54.:25:56.

way for some of us at the weekend. First of all,

:25:57.:26:11.

all eyes on Storm Abigail.

:26:12.:26:13.

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