19/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.


The headlines: Staggering and obscene - that's how a UN report


describes the violence inflicted on civilians in Iraq.


The report also details killings that could be acts of genocide


They took my son and held him for a year, accusing him


of belonging to the police, of being an armed spy.


Then they came and said, "We've killed him."


Hollywood director Spike Lee calls the Oscars 'lily white' and says


he'll boycott the show over the lack of black nominees.


The iconic Ritz hotel in Paris ablaze, months before it's due


And fallout from Chernobyl we hear about the hundreds of thousands


of people who live hidden from the world in government


institutions in neighbouring Belarus, 30 years


The scale of the suffering inflicted on the people of Iraq in the last


two years is being highlighted today, with the UN outlining what it


says are 'staggering' levels of violence, affecting


The United Nations says the group calling itself Islamic State has


been responsible for thousands of murders, and is forcing women


Low they are named as being responsible, Iraqi security forces,


militia, and Kurdish forces are also to blame. The UN report estimates at


least 18,000 people had been killed between January 2014 and October 20


15. It also estimates 3.2 million people have been internally


displaced over the same period. Report used testimony from survivors


to find out about Islamic State atrocity including forcing victims


to lie down in front of a large crowd while a bulldozer was driven


over them. The report makes for a disturbing reading. We will tell you


more about it after this story amongst the many tales of tragedy.


Jim Muir reports. Just a week ago, this


was an empty field. Now, it's home to hundreds,


fleeing the latest battles over This woman arrived


here with her family. As they were fleeing,


her two teenage sisters were killed She and her brother were hit


by the shrapnel, but their father has lost more than two daughters


to the self-styled Islamic State. TRANSLATION: They took my son


and held him for a year, accusing him of belonging


to the police or being an armed spy. Then they came and said,


"We've killed him and don't even ask about him or you will


be in trouble." The camp isn't far from the front


line with the city of Falujah, Ten years ago, the Americans lost


many lives driving Al-Qaeda Now, IS is in control,


cashing in on Sunni resentment against the Shia-dominated


Iraqi Government. The battle for Falujah is clearly


coming up very soon, but as the Government forces


push harder against IS, the militants, one thing


is becoming very clear. This is not a war that can be won


by military means alone. They have to win back the Sunni


community whose alienation from the Baghdad Government gave IS,


the militants, fertile soil Most of the IS fighters in Falujah


and elsewhere are believed to be Iraqis, not outsiders,


but here, Sunni tribes have They believe the militants have


lost the vital battle TRANSLATION: Everybody


has been harmed by IS, houses and mosques been destroyed,


people killed, wounded, displaced. They arrived saying,


"We have come to help you, to defend you," but now they have


shown their true colours. And people are cursing


IS because they have This is what IS left behind


in Ramadi, much of the city Thousands of people lost


their homes, made refugees It took the Iraqi army eight months


to recapture Ramadi, but just a few days to rebuild


the shattered bridge. The city is a stronghold


of the Sunnis. But the army insists


it is not out to crush them. TRANSLATION: The Sunnis


are not sidelined. 65% of the Army's new intake will be


from Sunni areas liberated from IS. The Army is used


to defend all Iraqis. There is a long way to go


before IS is driven out History has shown that


if the Government loses the battle for Sunni hearts and minds,


it could lose all this Well, the shocking report is from


the United Nations Human Rights Let's go to spokeswoman


Ravina Shamdasani, who is in Geneva. Thank you for speaking to us. I


suppose amongst these figures and some of the appalling testimony what


leaps out initially is that you say the actual figures could be much


higher than those documented, just as I finish my question, we have


lost her. We will try and get her back for more on that report from


the UN. After decades of mega growth,


how much does the slowdown of the world's second biggest


economy really matter? Well, that's the question


on the lips of economists around the world after Beijing


released the lowest growth figures for last year for a


quarter of a century. And as a key driver of global


growth, investors are dwelling not only the damage that


might befall China, is in line with the government's


target of 'around' 7%. But it's a notable continuation


of a downwards trend - just take a look at this graph


showing the GDP growth over The slow down has been partly caused


by a drop in appetite In a moment, we'll hear


from Andrew Walker in London on the European perspective


and from Julia Carneiro in Rio But first, Shilpa Kannan in Delhi


on why it matters to India. China and India are often seen


as economic rivals and in some quarters here, there has been


a sense of glee that India's economic growth has kept rising,


but in reality, India needs a strong It was one of the first countries


that Prime Minister Narendra Modi China is India's biggest trading


partner and its third largest export market, so a slowdown


here could prolong a slump India's Prime Minister came to power


in 2014 on a promise of an economic turnaround, but with many of his key


reforms stuck in parliament, And if China's problems cause more


volatility in the stock market here and a decline in the value


of India's currency, the rupee, then it is going to be


even more difficult. If the figure of 6.9% is real


and if things were to get any worse, then Europe, I think, would be fine,


but of course there is widespread scepticism about that figure


and an expectation that things Particularly important is the fact


that the slowdown was to a significant extent investment


spending and Europe, especially Germany, is an important


supplier of cars and factory equipment to China,


so that is potentially a problem, especially if the slowdown does


continue much further, but at the same time I think every


economy knew Chinese economic growth and investment spending


was going to slow China is Brazil's main commercial


partner, so the slowdown in the economy there is having


a huge impact here. Chinese companies are buying less


from Brazil and at lower prices, so this is really hurting Brazilian


exports and there is lots of expectation here


about billion-dollar investments that were announced by China last


year in Brazil in There is fear that these might be


put on hold and all this comes at a moment when Brazil


is in a very frail situation, facing a deepening economic


recession, with commodity prices dropping, the major corruption


scandal that started at the oil giant here, and the president


of Brazil facing impeachment. And of course there's plenty more


background on our website. Including analysis of


whether we can actually trust Go to BBC.com/news or


download the BBC News app We will try to go back to Geneva. We


lost you once before. Thank you for bearing with us. What leapt out of


me of these figures, 18,800 civilians killed over the last two


years, do you think that is a conservative estimate and the actual


figures may be far higher? Absolutely. It is definitely a very


conservative estimate, definitely an underestimate. These are the figures


are people who were killed as a direct result of violence. This does


not include the people who were killed by the effects of the


conflict such as lack of access to proper food, medical care,


especially for vulnerable communities, but also this does not


capture the full extent of the violence because there were areas


that we were not simply able to access so this is very much an


underestimate and I must add that in addition to the 18,800 civilians who


have been killed over the last two years, there are another 36,000 that


were wounded. I think also what people may find shocking is that


half of those deaths were recorded in the capital of Baghdad. Indeed.


Most of these deaths were recorded in Baghdad, mainly as a result of


suicide bombings and vehicle -based explosive devices. Some of these


attacks were targeted to kill as many civilians as possible and some


of them took place in marketplaces. I want to ask if the thinking behind


the report. This is trying to raise awareness of why so many Iraqis are


choosing to leave the country and in many cases come to Europe. This


report is intended to document the kinds of violations that are taking


place in your rock on all sides -- in Iraq, especially to civilians. It


is very important for the international community as a whole


to international community as a whole


horrors that Iraqi refugees are fleeing when they believe their


countries. This is what they face at home. Either they are in occupied


areas, facing the kinds of violence that IS is perpetrating, are


sometimes when they try to flee, they end up in pro-government areas


where they are subject to further violations. I know you are focusing


on humanitarian aspects with this report. What kind of action are you


calling for and from whom? We are calling on the international


community to support Iraq in trying to stabilise the areas that have


been claimed by IS and try to establish the rule of law in these


areas which is not there. We are also calling on them to assure that


people have the human and Carrion -- humanitarian assistance they need to


survive and very important week we are calling for justice for the


perpetrators of these grave violations. When you say the rule of


law, how might that be done if it does not mean military action? It


means that in areas that have been reclaimed from IS there needs to be


proper civil administration put into place. There needs to be police of


enforcing the law. This cannot be left to pro-government militia are


other armed groups that are there ready to enforce the law in their


own ways. We must leave it there. Thank you very much for joining us


from Geneva and the UN human rights office.


'Lily White' - that's how film director Spike Lee has described


this year's Oscar nominations after not a single black actor


The Academy which oversees the Oscars says it is now


reviewing its overwhelmingly white membership because of the anger


Spike Lee, and the actress, Jada Pinkett Smith,


say they will boycott next month's Oscars ceremony.


Leonardo DiCaprio and Tom Hardy nominated for survival drama,


Eddie Redmayne and Alicia Vikander for the story of a transgender


Like last year, all 20 acting nominees for the 2016


The Academy choosing not to recognise performances


like Will Smith in American football drama, Concussion.


His wife, Jada Pinkett Smith, says she has decided not to attend


the Oscars because of the lack of diversity.


Maybe it is time we pulled back our resources and put them back


into our communities, into our programmes.


Director Spike Lee also spoke out on social media at the end


of America's Martin Luther King weekend, saying he would not be


How is it possible that, for a second consecutive year,


The president of the Academy, Cheryl Boone Isaacs,


admits she was disappointed with the lack of racial


representation and has promised changes to diversify the mix


Many black performers have, of course, been recognised


Only two years ago, actress Lupita Nyong'o was nominated for -


But this is all part of a wider industry problem.


Speaking yesterday, Idris Elba, who some expected to be


Oscar-nominated for Beasts of No Nation, said opportunities


The reason I went to America is because the USA has the most


The problem is, the gap between the dream and reality.


Many are now hoping that, in future years, awards nominees


will better reflect the audiences that go to see the films


Our correspondent Peter Bowes is in Los Angeles.


This has gained a lot of momentum over the last 48 hours or so


largely because of what or so Spike Lee was saying,


his plan to boycott the Oscars next month also Jada Pinkett Smith


of people, especially on social media, are talking about this.


They are discussing whether they should boycott


the Oscars as well by not watching the ceremony and that would hurt


the Academy a lot because this is all about ratings on the night.


The Academy earns a lot of money from this event so it is a serious


problem for them in that respect, but the wider issue,


of course, is serious as well, which the Academy is acknowledging -


The president issued a statement saying that she is heartbroken


and frustrated about the lack of inclusion and this


is Cheryl Boone Isaacs, who is African-American,


pledging to take action, dramatic action, she says,


to change the nature of the Academy's membership.


How much do we actually know about those people behind the votes,


behind the decisions for the nominations?


Well, the statistics are quite stark if you look at them in detail.


94% of the voters are white and I think that is the key issue,


that this is not an ethnically diverse membership.


Over the years, only five black actors have one in the categories


for lead actor or actress, so I think everyone acknowledges


That said, it isn't just the Academy's problem.


Spike Lee made the point that he believes that the people


largely to blame for this are those who make the decisions in the big


Hollywood studios and the television companies as well, the people


with the power to green light new projects and to cast actors


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


New research published in the medical journal,


The Lancet, shows there were more than 2.5 million


stillbirths across the world last year, most of them in Africa.


The journal says it's horrific and scandalous that half


of the stillbirths in 2015 happened during delivery.


At least 17 Peruvians have died after their bus plunged down


a cliff, when the driver lost control and fell off a winding


At least 10 other passengers were injured.


more than 30 people have been injured after two trains crashed in


Sardinia. Most of the wounded were said to be students on their way to


school but none of the injuries were life-threatening.


The iconic Ritz hotel in Paris has been engulfed by fire,


just months before it was due to be reopen after a major renovation.


It's been closed for three years for the work to be carried out.


Past guests include Charlie Chaplin, Coco Chanel and Ernest Hemingway,


and it was where Princess Diana spent the last evening of her life.


The fire broke out just before dawn on the top floor just beneath the


roof. It is a majestic building in one of Paris's most majestic


squares. Firefighters had to move fast to stop the blaze spreading.


The Ritz is under renovation at the moment and has been for the last


three years. TRANSLATION: We have no information about the cause of the


fire but we do know that the building was under renovation and


when the fire brigade arrived 150 workers were on the side when it was


evacuated. In the attic, it was insulating materials that were


catching alight. Firefighters had to remove sections of the roof in order


to get access. After three hours, it had been contained. The Ritz is the


most famous of Paris hotels in the 1970s it was sold to an Egyptian


businessmen and it was where Princess Diana stayed before her


death in a car accident. There is no word yet how far the blaze will set


back the reopening of the luxury hotel, which was set to take place


in March. This year marks 30 years


since the Chernobyl nuclear disaster - when a catastrophic explosion


at a nuclear power plant in Ukraine contaminated vast swathes


of the surrounding area. But Ukraine wasn't


even the worst hit. Belarus suffered about 70%


of the nuclear fallout. Some of the radiation victims are


the focus of a project by a photojournalist. She was born just


two weeks before the catastrophe. With me is the photographer,


Jadwiga Bronte. You have done this as part of the


Masters in photojournalism. What took you there? Mainly, it is


because during the incident I was just two weeks old. Poland was a


state of the USSR so for me being born at that time I was called the


Chernobyl child. Later in my life, through another photojournalist, I


have learned about the aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster and because


of the 30 years coming up and it is very close to my heart, I thought


that I would be the right person to tell the story. Tell us what you


found there in these institutions and what they were like. Basically,


the biggest problem is that they are not just Chernobyl victims. They are


generally disabled people. Any kind of children with any kind of


disability, whether it is mental disabilities or Down's syndrome or


autistic, any kind of deformity, they are all housed in the same


institutions. And the level of care of their, you say sometimes even the


cleaners are involved and there simply is not the support and they


live in rooms with many others. Yes, that is true. For us, it is very


shocking but what I have learned is they are doing so much and they are


trying to help but it is still a very difficult situation and it is


upsetting when you walk in and what you see. We are going to talk


through maybe a couple of the pictures. We will show you one of


the girls that you photographed and we are just trying to bring you


that. Just talk about some of the people that we saw there. What did


he make a few coming there? It was difficult because it was the very


first time when I was working with this girl. She was so lovely and


besides her face being deformed, she is such a bright, intelligent little


girl and she is so confident. She was so happy for me taking pictures.


She was always around and the confidence. Very often you have


those paid for girls who are shy but she was all there and she saw my


photos and wanted to take some more and she is just beautiful. Another


person was the boy. Beside the red curtain. Yes. His story was amazing


because for me as a photographer I would afraid that I would walk in


and I did not want to cause any anxieties and for me actually the


light and my camera was the conversation between us. He was


walking around and observing me and then out of the blue he started


posing. He would wait for me to take a picture of him and he didn't care


about the picture. He did not care about me or him, it was the flash,


the light. That would make him happy. What did the prospects for


these people's lives seem like? It is all in the hands of the


Government but I had to underline that there is a lot of interest from


the UK and Ireland and they are trying their best and there will be


little changes but those kids survive on 70p per day so there


should be more help, I believe, so that's they can have a better


future. I believe they can but the very important thing... We have to


leave it there. The guitarist and songwriter


Glenn Frey, who helped found the hugely successful band


The Eagles, has died. Here's our Entertainment


Correspondent David Sillito. # Running down a road


trying to loosen my load. # I've got seven


women on my mind...#. In the early 70s, Glenn Frey took


country rock-and-roll and smoothed Album sales were measured


in the tens of millions. It was in Los Angeles' famous


Troubadour Club in the 60s that the Detroit-born Glenn Frey


got his big break playing They were fiercely ambitious,


their sound warm, grownup, radio-friendly, but


with the millions came Glenn Frey's lyrics


to Hotel California were a bleak commentary on the effects of having


too much of everything. # And still those voices


are calling from far away...#. And they knew they


could never top it. When you have a record


like Hotel California you join a fraternity of only a few people


who understand what it's like to have a mega record and then


you have to get your head around, you know, how do you make


a record after that? # I like the way your sparkling


earrings swing...#. I think Glenn was very much


focused on what he wanted. I think Don Henley described him


as being a bit stubborn and they famously used


to have terrible arguments, but, you know, he kind


of knew what he wanted. They fought, they split,


they reformed. There were solo hits,


but fans wanted the classics. The essence and excess


of Glenn Frey's California. Hello. Some January Winter hazards


to look up first thing with hard frost expected through the night,


some ice on the road and the potential for some freezing fog as


well, so take care if you are out and about early on. They could be


pretty slow to clear and as you can


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