20/01/2016 World News Today


20/01/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:07.

Stock markets around the world plunge.

:00:08.:00:09.

Billions are wiped off shares, amid nervousness about slowing

:00:10.:00:12.

Gunmen attack a university in north-west Pakistan,

:00:13.:00:19.

It's official - 2015 was the hottest year ever --

:00:20.:00:25.

and that record broken by the widest margin ever seen.

:00:26.:00:35.

And the Hockey Mom backs The Donald in his bid to become President

:00:36.:00:38.

Billions of dollars have been wiped off stocks around the world,

:00:39.:00:59.

because of fears over global growth and plummeting oil prices.

:01:00.:01:08.

The Chief Executive of BP, Bob Dudley, has told

:01:09.:01:10.

he believes the volatility could continue for months,

:01:11.:01:13.

He was speaking to our Economics Editor, Kamaal Ahmed,

:01:14.:01:16.

who's at the annual meeting of world business leaders,

:01:17.:01:18.

Another grim day for the global economy, the price of oil down

:01:19.:01:24.

again, the main UK market is falling.

:01:25.:01:30.

In New York, investors selling stocks, in Hong Kong shares down.

:01:31.:01:33.

For business leaders at Davos, worrying times.

:01:34.:01:37.

When you look at the oil price, the volatility of the market

:01:38.:01:40.

since the beginning of the year, what does it tell you that

:01:41.:01:43.

There is a lot of uncertainty not just in the oil and gas industry

:01:44.:01:50.

but the whole financial markets are unsure of where the certainty

:01:51.:01:53.

I think China, question marks about China, the debate

:01:54.:01:59.

going on is creating a lot of uncertainty.

:02:00.:02:10.

falling as world demand slows, but Mr Dudley says it will not last

:02:11.:02:20.

Of course, low oil prices can be good for countries that import oil

:02:21.:02:28.

There are a lot of emerging markets in trouble because of it,

:02:29.:02:37.

a lot of emerging markets in great shape.

:02:38.:02:40.

Part of India's benefit is benefit is it is a natural resource importer

:02:41.:02:44.

and not an exporter and it is doing well.

:02:45.:02:50.

A little earlier I asked this business leaders at Davos were

:02:51.:02:57.

feeding a crash. I remember being at Davos this time last year than

:02:58.:03:01.

probably then the markets were Rover doing the optimism. The financial

:03:02.:03:06.

crisis seems something of a distant memory. This year the markets are

:03:07.:03:11.

maybe overdoing the pessimism. Certainly people here believe they'd

:03:12.:03:18.

is still lots of good and positive things happening in the global

:03:19.:03:22.

economy. Let's not forget of course China is still growing. There are

:03:23.:03:27.

forms and that growth level has tempered slightly. America is still

:03:28.:03:33.

growing. Britain is still growing across the European Union and there

:03:34.:03:37.

is some evidence of growth coming back. I think we are competing with

:03:38.:03:44.

2014 when maybe there was a bit too much overexuberance in where the

:03:45.:03:49.

global economy was going. Clearly there are still some hard battles to

:03:50.:03:53.

be one in terms of cleaning up after a financial crisis but now the

:03:54.:03:57.

markets are overly gloomy. Bob Dudley, Chief Executive of BP, said

:03:58.:04:02.

he thought the oil price would recover strongly, because demand

:04:03.:04:08.

would increase in America and China as those economies kept growing. So

:04:09.:04:16.

the US and Europe solid, and the US has just nudged up interest rates.

:04:17.:04:21.

Are we looking at a PDA with interest rates will remain pretty

:04:22.:04:24.

low globally to actually contend with these problems? I think that

:04:25.:04:33.

probably is the case. The chairwoman of the Federal reserve, the American

:04:34.:04:40.

central bank, put 0.25% on two Federal reserve interest rates in

:04:41.:04:45.

December, and to make a point, that only brings up to the level that

:04:46.:04:50.

they are in the Bank of England in the UK, and in the rest of the

:04:51.:04:56.

European Union, the European Central Bank still has negative interest

:04:57.:05:01.

rates. We'll is not much sign of big central banks around the world like

:05:02.:05:05.

the Bank of England in the UK and the European Central Bank raising

:05:06.:05:09.

interest rates any time soon. So yes, she has moved in America and

:05:10.:05:15.

the American economy is growing and there are some inflationary pressure

:05:16.:05:17.

but not a lot of evidence of that spreading out across the world. Of

:05:18.:05:23.

course all eyes will be on China, how do these reforms affect growth?

:05:24.:05:27.

That is a country that is still growing from a much larger base than

:05:28.:05:32.

it was before, so that growth is more important to the way the global

:05:33.:05:34.

economy fuels. At least 20 people have been killed

:05:35.:05:36.

after militants stormed a university The attackers launched

:05:37.:05:38.

gun and grenade attacks Most of the victims

:05:39.:05:44.

at the Bacha Khan University were male and were shot

:05:45.:05:48.

in the chest or head. Pakistan security forces eventually

:05:49.:05:52.

brought the situation under control after a fierce gun battle

:05:53.:05:54.

with militants that lasted 3 hours. Arriving as the assault took place,

:05:55.:06:00.

Army commandos race across open fields surrounding the University

:06:01.:06:02.

University is the militants The attackers are believed to have

:06:03.:06:05.

scaled the walls at the back of this large university under a cover

:06:06.:06:11.

of early morning thick fog. Becoming a full-scale military

:06:12.:06:18.

operation, this attack lasted The only way for those inside to

:06:19.:06:19.

escape was through the main campus gates, many seen still

:06:20.:06:33.

clutching their class books. There was so much panic and fear

:06:34.:06:37.

that a friend of mine jumped The building is very high

:06:38.:06:40.

but he just jumped from it We saw the militants chanting,

:06:41.:06:46.

Allah is the greatest. We heard firing from

:06:47.:06:49.

the back of the campus. then the fighting increased,

:06:50.:07:01.

then we said, get into Inside, total devastation,

:07:02.:07:04.

walls covered in bullet holes as the gunmen fired

:07:05.:07:14.

at anyone they saw. It's unclear whether the Pakistani

:07:15.:07:16.

Taliban militants responsible for this latest violence

:07:17.:07:27.

but the attack is reminiscent of the one they carried out

:07:28.:07:38.

in Peshawar where they killed 122 schoolchildren more

:07:39.:07:40.

than one year ago. In a statement the government

:07:41.:07:42.

here says it is determined This day started with a poetry

:07:43.:07:44.

recital honouring the secular activists who advocated nonviolence

:07:45.:07:48.

and quickly turned into carnage. Today's attack will raise violence

:07:49.:07:51.

over why the militants are still able to strike soft

:07:52.:07:53.

targets like this university and how effective the military operation has

:07:54.:07:58.

been this past year, especially

:07:59.:08:01.

with the mix of militia networks that is evolving

:08:02.:08:02.

on the Pakistan-Afghan border. As residents bury their dead,

:08:03.:08:08.

it's still unclear whether This will be a sleepless night

:08:09.:08:10.

for many families across the country as they again fear sending

:08:11.:08:15.

their children to school Seven Afghan employees

:08:16.:08:17.

of a private television company, including two women have been

:08:18.:08:33.

killed in a suicide attack The bomber struck a bus carrying

:08:34.:08:35.

more than 30 employees The city police chief said more

:08:36.:08:39.

than 20 other people were wounded. No-one has yet claimed

:08:40.:08:44.

responsibility for the attack. 2015 was the hottest year

:08:45.:08:48.

since records began, according to NASA

:08:49.:08:49.

and the UK Met office. New figures show the earth's

:08:50.:08:53.

temperature was one degree Celsius above the long term average,

:08:54.:08:56.

dating back 166 years. Our Science Editor David

:08:57.:08:58.

Shukman has the story. It was a year of violent extremes.

:08:59.:09:22.

Record heat fuelled fires in California and Indonesia. Intense

:09:23.:09:24.

rain storms triggered widespread floods. In the Caribbean and Japan,

:09:25.:09:34.

an unprecedented downpour. And a punishing drought has left millions

:09:35.:09:39.

hungry in Africa. Behind all this was a rise in global temperatures.

:09:40.:09:45.

Scientists say that is partly driven by our greenhouse gases and partly

:09:46.:09:50.

by a natural cycle called El Nino, we are warm water releases heat and

:09:51.:09:55.

disrupts weather around the world. The main reason we have such warm

:09:56.:10:01.

temperature is climate change, and El Nino is contributing a small

:10:02.:10:05.

amount on top. So let's see the context for this new record. This

:10:06.:10:11.

graph from the Met office shows temperatures in 1850 fluctuating

:10:12.:10:15.

over the long-term average rising to the record high set last year. That

:10:16.:10:19.

is an increase in 1 degrees over that time, halfway to the 2 degrees

:10:20.:10:24.

limit that world leaders agreed should be the maximum for a global

:10:25.:10:27.

warming when they met in Paris last month. 1 degrees doesn't sound like

:10:28.:10:33.

very much but when you think about the differences on a planetary

:10:34.:10:37.

scale, the last ice age was only 5 degrees colder than it is today, so

:10:38.:10:42.

it is actually a very significant number and we are vaguely seeing

:10:43.:10:48.

impacts on sea-level and heat waves and intense precipitation associated

:10:49.:10:52.

with that change of temperature. In this Nasa image, areas marked red or

:10:53.:10:56.

orange were warmer than average last year and there were lots of them

:10:57.:11:01.

including the UK, where last year will be remembered by

:11:02.:11:04.

record-breaking rain in December. The flooding

:11:05.:11:06.

record-breaking rain in December. sorts of causes but scientists

:11:07.:11:11.

always warm warmer they can produce more moisture and produce more

:11:12.:11:16.

always warm warmer they can produce intense storms. The forecast is for

:11:17.:11:21.

always warm warmer they can produce everyone will feel it, but

:11:22.:11:23.

scientists say a warming trend is clear.

:11:24.:11:24.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:11:25.:11:26.

For the second day in a row police in the Tunisian city of Kasserine

:11:27.:11:30.

have fired tear gas to disperse protestors demanding jobs.

:11:31.:11:32.

Tensions in the area rose recently when a jobless man killed himself.

:11:33.:11:35.

The demonstrations have spread to other cities,

:11:36.:11:38.

Austria has said it will make a major cut to the number of asylum

:11:39.:11:47.

The Austrian chancellor said the total number would be capped

:11:48.:11:50.

at about 37,000 in each of the next four years.

:11:51.:11:55.

The United Nations World Food Programme says half the population

:11:56.:12:01.

of the Central African Republic are facing hunger because of the ongoing

:12:02.:12:04.

It's found nearly 2.5 million people have limited access to food,

:12:05.:12:08.

double the number who were going hungry a year ago.

:12:09.:12:17.

candidate Sarah Palin, in the race to win the Republican

:12:18.:12:22.

Mr Trump said he was proud to have her endorsement.

:12:23.:12:24.

Sarah Palin is seen as an influential figure

:12:25.:12:26.

on the right of the Republican Party.

:12:27.:12:28.

Here's our North America Editor, Jon Sopel.

:12:29.:12:36.

I think we can actually cross now to a rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and

:12:37.:12:47.

let's listen in... That's not the way they perhaps want the whole

:12:48.:12:50.

campaign to run, we seem to have lost that. Let's catch up with the

:12:51.:12:53.

endorsement with this report. I would like to bring up if I might,

:12:54.:12:54.

Governor Sarah Palin, It's not often that Donald Trump

:12:55.:12:57.

is out Trumped for brazenness, chutzpah and brass neck,

:12:58.:13:10.

but last night he was as Sarah Palin announced her arrival

:13:11.:13:13.

on the campaign stage Are you ready for

:13:14.:13:14.

a commander-in-chief? Are you ready for

:13:15.:13:21.

a commander-in-chief who will let our warriors

:13:22.:13:28.

do their job and go kick Isis ass? It wasn't so much a speech

:13:29.:13:31.

as a series of small explosions taking aim at the President but also

:13:32.:13:34.

the Republican establishment. You guys are all sounding kind

:13:35.:13:38.

of angry is what we're hearing Playing up Donald Trump

:13:39.:13:41.

as the outsider. He is from the private sector,

:13:42.:13:48.

not a politician, can In the private sector you actually

:13:49.:13:50.

have to balance budgets in order to prioritise, to keep the main

:13:51.:13:59.

thing the main thing. For the past few years,

:14:00.:14:04.

Sarah Palin has been out of the political front line

:14:05.:14:06.

concentrating instead on being a reality TV star,

:14:07.:14:13.

but she's still a darling of the tea party right and the evangelical wing

:14:14.:14:16.

of the Republican party, But she is gaffe prone as was seen

:14:17.:14:19.

when she ran for vice president I love those hockey mums,

:14:20.:14:28.

they say the difference between a hockey mum

:14:29.:14:35.

and a pit bull, lipstick. You can actually see Russia

:14:36.:14:37.

from land here in Alaska. Donald Trump will have weighed

:14:38.:14:47.

the risks, the danger is that while Palin might help now to win

:14:48.:14:51.

over the disaffected right in Iowa, she will alienate mainstream voters

:14:52.:14:54.

when it comes to the critical presidential election in November,

:14:55.:14:57.

and that will be almost as big a disaster as it was when the two

:14:58.:15:00.

of them were filmed eating pizza together in New York

:15:01.:15:03.

but with a knife and fork. I am not sure if Katty has ever

:15:04.:15:22.

beaten pizza with a fork, but first some Republicans they are natural

:15:23.:15:24.

bedfellows? They both say outrageous things and

:15:25.:15:29.

love the spotlight and have been on the other the TV shows, and our

:15:30.:15:34.

beloved by those huge crowds at night to see them, so in that

:15:35.:15:39.

respect this is a very obvious political pairing, but in some ways

:15:40.:15:44.

it is not. She is much more of a Christian conservative than Donald

:15:45.:15:48.

Trump has ever been. He used to be pro-choice on abortion before he

:15:49.:15:53.

became pro-life. That is certainly not Sarah Palin's stands. He has

:15:54.:15:57.

also supported a national health care system in the past saying

:15:58.:16:01.

Canada and Scotland have got it right. That is certainly not Sarah

:16:02.:16:06.

Palin's politics, but what she brings to Donald Trump is a die-hard

:16:07.:16:13.

commitment from the Christian base of the Republican party, that he

:16:14.:16:15.

needs to reach out to, particularly of course in Iowa. And who will this

:16:16.:16:25.

upset the most among other candidates? Ted Cruz, the person she

:16:26.:16:30.

had in Dorset when he ran for the Senate in Texas and who is nipping

:16:31.:16:34.

at the heels of Donald Trump in Iowa, that is the biggest upset. To

:16:35.:16:39.

the extent that have endorsement could change things, and they do not

:16:40.:16:44.

always change things, it will be over the course of the next two

:16:45.:16:48.

weeks and the critical caucuses in Iowa. What have been talking about

:16:49.:16:55.

for the last 24 hours? Sarah Palin and Donald Trump, the media

:16:56.:16:59.

spotlight right back on him, and it might give the edge to him over Ted

:17:00.:17:01.

Cruz. At the World Economic Forum,

:17:02.:17:13.

the UN's special envoy to Syria's told the BBC he's optimistic that

:17:14.:17:16.

talks on resolving the conflict in Syria will go ahead

:17:17.:17:19.

BUT that the date they're set Staffan de Mistura's says Syrians

:17:20.:17:21.

should lead the talks and outside players like the US and Russia

:17:22.:17:25.

should support that rather than disagreeing over

:17:26.:17:28.

who can take part. He spoke to our Chief International

:17:29.:17:30.

Correspondent Lyse Doucet in Davos. Welcome to Davos, the networking

:17:31.:17:41.

capital once a year for the global elite putting their minds together

:17:42.:17:44.

to try to solve some of the worlds's most pressing issues and one which

:17:45.:17:47.

keeps coming back year after year is the continuing war in Syria. This

:17:48.:17:53.

year there's a more urgent question. Talks are on the agenda, and the

:17:54.:17:59.

date, January 25, looms all too closely. Today, heard from the US

:18:00.:18:05.

Secretary of State John Kerry and the Russian Foreign Minister saying

:18:06.:18:09.

they do want talks to take place on the 25th, Serie A talks between the

:18:10.:18:14.

government and opposition, although there is some talk of slippage, so

:18:15.:18:18.

will the go-ahead? And if they do not, why not? We are joined by a man

:18:19.:18:23.

part of every twist and turn, the United Nations Syrian envoy, Staffan

:18:24.:18:29.

de Mistura. Will they take place on the 25th? I will be able to tell you

:18:30.:18:34.

that on the 24th, because meanwhile there's a lot of work to be done.

:18:35.:18:40.

When we had Geneva two, we learned many lessons. A few years ago.

:18:41.:18:46.

Exactly, and this claim we have learnt the lesson that if we want to

:18:47.:18:50.

have talks, they should be talks about talks and not starting with a

:18:51.:18:55.

tense environment but addressing the real issue, which is how to stop

:18:56.:18:58.

this conflict. But the Russians and Syrian government are now saying, to

:18:59.:19:04.

use the phrase we don't want to talk to terrorists, they want to see the

:19:05.:19:07.

list and have a say on the opposition delegate? In theory and

:19:08.:19:13.

in practice this should be Syrian led Cox. That is the difference

:19:14.:19:20.

between Geneva two. We are not inviting governments. We are asking

:19:21.:19:25.

Syrians to talk amongst themselves. The outside players are so involved

:19:26.:19:29.

and without the push from the outside players, as you know, the

:19:30.:19:34.

talks might not take place at all. That is why I am relying on the

:19:35.:19:37.

Americans and the Russians talking today and others like that, Saudi

:19:38.:19:43.

Arabia and Turkey, in a way supporting. If they really want

:19:44.:19:48.

talks and want a political process rather than conflict. Now is the

:19:49.:19:51.

time to put aside to many discussions about who is attending,

:19:52.:19:55.

who is participating, and rather than saying, do we have an agenda,

:19:56.:20:01.

saying we do have an agenda. Yes, let me tell you. The agenda is quite

:20:02.:20:08.

an interesting one and realistic timetable, so let's not lose time.

:20:09.:20:15.

The UN resolution. One is a new all-inclusive government. That is

:20:16.:20:18.

quite a challenge. A loaded term in Syria. I know, but it is agreed on

:20:19.:20:26.

by everyone. Second, a new constitution, and you know very well

:20:27.:20:30.

a new constitution everything is on the table. New elections and not

:20:31.:20:35.

only parliamentarian elections, all this within 18 months. This is

:20:36.:20:40.

meanwhile see some all this within 18 months. This is

:20:41.:20:43.

the people in Syria. The all this within 18 months. This is

:20:44.:20:45.

players, do all this within 18 months. This is

:20:46.:20:52.

players have not shown exactly their cards

:20:53.:20:56.

players have not shown exactly their alternative to talks? Is this

:20:57.:20:59.

players have not shown exactly their conflict in five years

:21:00.:21:02.

produce another five years now that even the Russians

:21:03.:21:05.

produce another five years now that involved? Is this

:21:06.:21:10.

there is a need for political work which will not be what they deem off

:21:11.:21:16.

but something perhaps which will not be what they deem off

:21:17.:21:20.

dream of, the end of this conflict? And by the way, and operational

:21:21.:21:27.

approach of everyone against the real danger, which is in the

:21:28.:21:34.

background, which is called Daesh. And the percentage of success right

:21:35.:21:38.

now, how confident are you? You are asking the wrong person. I am a

:21:39.:21:45.

chronic optimist, so I would tell you 60%, 65%. Not on the 25th, a few

:21:46.:21:54.

days after? Within January. There is no biblical or Koranic date,

:21:55.:22:01.

days after? Within January. There is an indication that within January we

:22:02.:22:04.

need to do it, and I am confident that if the big players realise that

:22:05.:22:09.

there's no time for playing on lists but actually playing the deal tops,

:22:10.:22:14.

we are ready for doing so. Staffan de Mistura, United Nations Syrian

:22:15.:22:21.

envoy, thank you very much, so you have that, the date of the 25th for

:22:22.:22:24.

the talks are still in the have that, the date of the 25th for

:22:25.:22:31.

place at all, it will be a small but significant development

:22:32.:22:33.

place at all, it will be a small but move towards a

:22:34.:22:40.

Much like the red London bus or the black taxi,

:22:41.:22:42.

the red British postbox is a national icon.

:22:43.:22:44.

And for 40 years, a group of British enthusiasts has compiled a database

:22:45.:22:47.

of as many as they can find up and down the UK.

:22:48.:22:50.

Their work was nearly signed, sealed and delivered

:22:51.:22:52.

until the postal service, Royal Mail, surprised them.

:22:53.:22:54.

Paul has been doing it for 38 years. Peter's wife is very understanding,

:22:55.:23:12.

they are men with the passion. Post boxes.

:23:13.:23:13.

I've looked at about 4000. This is a rear early box with

:23:14.:23:33.

I've looked at about 4000. This is a slot. There is a more familiar type,

:23:34.:23:34.

and the way you can tell it slot. There is a more familiar type,

:23:35.:23:39.

type B? You walk up to the box and you put your arms around it. If your

:23:40.:23:50.

arms don't touch it is A and if they do it is type B. It was at this

:23:51.:23:54.

point we were asked what we were doing. We headed inside for a cup of

:23:55.:23:58.

point we were asked what we were tea to discuss what it was all

:23:59.:23:59.

about. Of all the tea to discuss what it was all

:24:00.:24:04.

your favourite? The survey began in the 1970s and famous the world over

:24:05.:24:08.

the British postbox has a fascinating history and we had

:24:09.:24:11.

almost completed that but then the Royal Mail said it was creating

:24:12.:24:16.

more. While they are safe for the moment, the letterbox men do have

:24:17.:24:22.

fear for the future. Empty boxes and the decline of letter writing. It is

:24:23.:24:26.

a real worry the decline of letter writing. It is

:24:27.:24:29.

Mail well say we will reduce our postbox estate. Letter writing is in

:24:30.:24:36.

decline but letter boxing does have a future. The group's youngest

:24:37.:24:41.

member is Thomas, ten years old. This has actually had a lot of

:24:42.:24:49.

modification. This one normally has a moulding round the aperture but it

:24:50.:24:59.

has been removed. And as a special treat, Britain's tops the post boxes

:25:00.:25:04.

as chosen by Thomas. At number three, world then. And

:25:05.:25:13.

that number one, it is in Suffolk. Of course these are just Thomas's

:25:14.:25:17.

choices and you may have your own favourite.

:25:18.:25:22.

I think his choices were quite good. You're watching world News today and

:25:23.:25:28.

a quick reminder of main headline which is that stock markets around

:25:29.:25:33.

the world have suffered huge falls again amid growing concern over the

:25:34.:25:36.

health of the British economy and plunging oil prices in London.

:25:37.:25:44.

Shares have closed down 3.5%, a fall of 20% from the previous peak,

:25:45.:25:48.

meaning it has become a bigger market. Paris and Frankfurt, the day

:25:49.:25:56.

ended the percent lower and the Dow and Nasdaq are also sharply down.

:25:57.:26:01.

Sunshine by day means cold and frosty conditions by night with

:26:02.:26:14.

largely clear skies and the temperature already plummeting, but

:26:15.:26:17.

tomorrow we are looking at more than the way of cloud and some rain

:26:18.:26:20.

particularly across north-western parts of the country. This weather

:26:21.:26:25.

system slowly moving and of

:26:26.:26:26.

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