21/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Nuala McGovern.


The murder of a former Russian spy in London -


an official report points the finger at the Kremlin.


Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned with a radioactive substance -


Russian president Putin probably ordered the assassination.


Brazil struggles to contain a mosquito-borne virus thought


to cause a rare brain defect in babies.


How US doctors brought this man back to life,


after he was frozen for several hours and believed dead.


He was tipped for a nomination - now he's not even going


Will Smith is the latest start to boycott this year's Oscars.


This is about children that will down, watched the show, and they're


not going to see themselves represented.


Alexander Litvinenko died from poisoning nearly a decade ago


And they are politically explosive. an inquiry into his death


is 'likely' to have sanctioned the former Russian spy's poisoning.


It matches the accusation made by Litvinenko himself,


Our Security Correspondent Gordon Corerra reports.


Today a judge concluded he was killed in an operation


by the Russian security service, the FSB, likely authorised


The FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved


by Mr Patrushev, then head of the FSB, and also by President


Litvinenko was a former Russian intelligence officer,


who had spoken out about corruption, and then fled with his


Former FSB officer Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitry Kovtun both caught


In the Pine Bar Litvinenko was served a drink from this teapot


which was laced with radioactive polonium.


Police would be able to follow a trail of radioactivity


across London, from restaurants to football stadium,


It took Litvinenko himself three weeks to die.


There were audible gasps here in court when the judge said


responsibility probably lay at the highest levels


And this report argues the motive was that Litvinenko was viewed


Litvinenko was so hated that Russians special forces


Today's report says his accusations that the FSB was behind these


bombings of apartments in Moscow to justify a war


as well as his disclosure about corruption and a personal


animosity with Vladimir Putin all made him a target.


And then there was also the fact that the Russians learned he had


begun working with Britain's intelligence service MI6.


Today, his widow who fought for years for this inquiry told me


the British Government should now expel all Russian spies


in their London embassy, and impose travel bans and sanctions


I believe only these things might help Russian people one day


Today in the Commons the Government said it would consider


The conclusion that the Russian state was probably involved


in the murder of Mr Litvinenko is deeply disturbing.


It goes without saying, that this was a blatant


and unacceptable breach of the most fundamental tenets of international


But the opposition criticised the Government's response.


I am not sure it goes anywhere near enough in answering


the seriousness of the findings in this report.


Indeed it could send a dangerous signal to Russia that our response


Today, two of the most powerful men in Russia were named as likely


responsible for what has been described as an act of nuclear


A murder which a decade on remains a defining issue


Now there's mounting pressure on the government here in Britain


to take further action against Russia.


The Russian Foreign Ministry has once again denied any involvement


in the assassination and said the inquiry had been politicised.


Our Moscow Correspondent Sarah Rainsford looks at where today's


report leaves relations between Britain and Russia?


You wouldn't know Russia's President has just been implicated


People here are more worried about and economic crisis,


That is partly down to the message they are getting


It is reporting the inquiry into Alexander Litvinenko's murder,


as a farce, biassed against Moscow from the start.


Reporters are playing down the conclusion,


that President Putin probably approved the killing.


And in public at least, Russian officials are unflustered.


At the foreign ministry the spokeswoman deflected my


question over the trail of deadly polonium, dismissing the whole


We take it as a step towards to discredit Russia,


and Russian official, Russian leaders, as we understand


it was not a legal process, it was an imitation


Russia has become the master of denial.


Of painting the most serious accusations as part


of an international political campaign against Moscow.


That may work with the audience here at home, but the conclusions


of the Litvinenko inquiry have the potential to plunge


relations with the west to a new low.


Despite calls to extradite the chief suspects to the UK,


they are still here in Russia, today Andrei Lugovoi


He has become a minor celebrity here.


The murder of Alexander Litvinenko had major repercussions


Contacts between security services cut.


But five years on, David Cameron was in Russia, encouraging trade


Then came the conflict in Ukraine and the annex casing of Crimea


The inquiry into Litvinenko's killing was announced.


Now it its damning conclusion is out Russia's ambassador has been


But some argue Russia's role in Syria makes it risky


Since it began air strikes there, Moscow has become central


I personally do not think we should be concerned about deepening the row


as such, the Russians themselves ought to have some consideration


for that, and whether it is the, there is any sense in having


a bigger bust up than the one we are having already.


Tonight the Kremlin was sounding defiant.


President Putin's spokesman call the murder inquiry a joke,


and insisted that Moscow will not accept its findings.


A car bomb has exploded in the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu. It


was in the city's popular live goat destination beach. Explosions and


gunfire have been heard nearby. We will bring you more on that


developing story as we get it. Brazil says thousands of babies have


been born with abnormally small The health system is struggling


to cope with the outbreak linked to the Zika virus -


which is spread by mosquitoes. The rare brain defect affects


the babies' physical The disease has spread across Brazil


- with close to 4,000 It is now showing up in other


South American countries. The Zika virus appears to have the


ability to cause birth defects, when the baby is born to other infected


pregnancy. Camilla Costa from BBC


Brazil is in Sao Paulo. It is difficult to


are still being investigated point, how widespread the cases are.


The Zika virus is quite detect right now, we still don't


have specific tests to detect detect right now, we still don't


mothers. Silas the bit about detect right now, we still don't


they have told you? There is a lot of anxiety, when


they have told you? There is a lot news, the mothers feel sad


they have told you? There is a lot do about the


they have told you? There is a lot cannot predict


they have told you? There is a lot know what exactly awaits them. What


is the government saying they will do, in particular to help these


mothers? State governments are actually trying to increase the


number of centres they have, which are prepared to give orientation to


those mothers, and to start a rehabilitation sessions with those


babies. This is one thing you can do to help stimulate some areas of the


baby's brains. The budget for city governments to tackle the mosquito


that transmits the Zika virus, to prevent another epidemic next year.


We are hearing them may have been a couple of cases in Colombia? Is that


something the government is talking about, prevention to normal people


as well as attacking the mosquito? Definitely. The mosquito has been


constant in Brazil and most countries in Latin America for


decades, since we are tropical countries, something we have dealt


with for a long time. It is a mosquito that transmits at least


seven diseases, quite urgent to tackle the situation. Just as the


Zika virus came, and may have caused those cases of malformation, other


cases could come. In Britain David Cameron has said a referendum on


membership of the good, sinister, if they deal can be negotiated with the


rest of the EE members by the end of next month. In Davos, the


Netherlands' Prime Minister said the deadline is doable. He spake to Abba


economics editor, who asked him what the EU's most pressing issue is


right now? Clearly the refugee crisis is the most pressing issue.


We need to bring numbers down through Turkey and Egypt, coming to


Europe. This is not sustainable. The main issue. At the same time even to


drive growth, improve the common market, particularly in digital


services, capital union, energy. There is enormous room for


improvement. 1.25 euros trillion in extra GDP to get. For Britain, one


of the major issues is the renegotiation, that the Prime


Minister is attempting. When you look at what the Prime Minister is


putting on a table, DEC the chance for radial by February? Yes, I am


relatively optimistic we can get a deal, and we could get a deal in


February. There is still work to be done. He has put on the table wishes


in various domains. For me, I think it is crucial become to an agreement


on the 28th, for all 28. So you make maximum use of the UK referendum to


improve your for everybody, particularly in the areas of growth,


how to deal with countries in the Eurozone and outside the Eurozone.


It is doable, but still work to be done. Lex ability necessary? Yes,


that everybody will acknowledge we have Europe that has different


speeds. Already there, the Eurozone, Schengen, some countries having


country specific opt outs. It is not new in itself. For me, the nation of


ever closer union, this was putting in the past, it is history. Ever


closer union, not of the People's of the European Union, but I know for


him, it is important, so we have to deal with it.


Now to a remarkable story about a man called Justin Smith


The 26-year-old was walking home from a local bar when he fell


in the snow and was knocked unconscious.


He was found hours later in freezing conditions and paramedics concluded


Justin was then taken to hospital where doctors thought his life


I started shaking his head, no, you can't leave me.


I have never even heard anything like this, amazing. Something I have


not heard of, can't thank everyone enough.


Dr James Wu was one of the doctors involved in the procedure to revive


He says this procedure is not actually new to health care


professionals. It is an older technology, it is a


heart and lung machine, and can be used outside the body, for different


purposes. Most recently, it has been used for the flu epidemic, causing


severe lung problems, what we call ARDS. It is done great job in terms


of saving those patients who would be dead. The technology has


involved, with better Jew being and cannulas, we can drain blood out of


the patient and put it back in. -- better Jew being. We are moving to


the forefront of recess at a science. Cardiac arrest,


hypothermia, and other uses. What is PE? Pulmonary images. -- embolism. A


police officer said he was dead for many hours, what with the chances


for revival? Truly incredible. When we saw him at the hospital, he had


no vital signs. No pulse. No electrical activities. This is what


they saw, when he was there. The chances of a patient surviving from


those set of conditions is extremely low. But there were two things going


for Justin, one was hypothermia, a lot of the metabolism of his brain


and other bodily functions were kept to a minimum. Did not need to use a


lot of energy or oxygen. Another thing was he was 25 years old, young


patients can survive a great deal of trauma, and still do OK. As a


doctor, what did this procedure mean to you? To bring someone phrasing


back to life? Furious for your personal take? He was not completely


frozen. Once you are truly completely frozen, your body and


cells were crystallised. His lowest temperature was 18 degrees, the


blood was still flowing, albeit very sluggishly. Again, under those


circumstances, looking at getting the heart function back, and the


organs, and then the brain, we were not sure about. Remarkably it came


back almost completely. Incredible job done by this doctor.


He was tipped by some for an Oscar nomination -


now he's not even going to the ceremony.


Will Smith, who had the leading role in film Concussion,


is the latest star to boycott this year's Academy Awards over


That was sparked by all 20 of the main acting


Let's hear what he's said on US TV in the last few hours.


This is so deeply not about me. This is about children that are going to


sit there on, they are going to watch this show. And they are not


going to see themselves represented. We heard your wife says she was not


going to be attending, nor will she be watching? Will you be attending


the Oscars? No, it would be awkward for me to show up with Charlize! We


have discussed it, we are part of this community at this current time,


we're uncomfortable to stand there and say this is OK. I asked Neal


Smith, our entertainment reporter, how significant this boycott is?


He's by far the biggest Hollywood start to turn his back on the Oscars


this year. His worldwide fame will really bring even more attention to


this issue than there has been already. It is odd, the film he may


have been nominated for was called Concussion. I imagine the academy


are feeling something similar foot of it seems to grow and grow. The


awards are not until the end of February, at about one month ago. Do


you think it will continue to gather steam, or get more names? Already


some big hitters? Absolutely, Spike Lee, various other people. A lot of


pressure on the house, Chris Rock. People saying he should be pulling


out. -- host. Not dealing with this slightly tainted ceremony. The


Justin Kemp will be the next week, the Academy will have a board


meeting. Standard board meeting. Now, I think people will look at


this, and for something concrete to come out of it. If something


concrete does come out of it, they may be able to nip this in the bud.


Can you tell us what the Academy has said a fire in response to people


speaking out? Everyone from Whoopi Goldberg to Idris Elba. They said


more must be done to broaden Goldberg to Idris Elba. They said


Now they need to see something more concrete. Talking about radical


changes, possibly more acting nominees. A limit of ten films every


year, as opposed to the sliding scale between 5-10. Talking about


some quite seismic changes. What do the Academy say so far about why


there were no people of colour in the nominations? The Academy


president has said she's very disappointed, that unfortunately you


can only nominate what is out there. There were far stronger candidates


last year, in terms of critical support, groundswell of popular


opinion. Selma, for instance, some thought they were robbed. No


high-profile candidates this year. It's possible that there is a huge


ninth planet on the outer edge of our solar system -


and it may be ten times But for now from me and the rest


of the team goodbye.


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