21/01/2016 World News Today


21/01/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 21/01/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Nuala McGovern.

:00:00.:00:08.

The murder of a former Russian spy in London -

:00:09.:00:11.

an official report points the finger at the Kremlin.

:00:12.:00:16.

Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned with a radioactive substance -

:00:17.:00:19.

Russian president Putin probably ordered the assassination.

:00:20.:00:22.

Brazil struggles to contain a mosquito-borne virus thought

:00:23.:00:26.

to cause a rare brain defect in babies.

:00:27.:00:29.

How US doctors brought this man back to life,

:00:30.:00:32.

after he was frozen for several hours and believed dead.

:00:33.:00:36.

He was tipped for a nomination - now he's not even going

:00:37.:00:38.

Will Smith is the latest start to boycott this year's Oscars.

:00:39.:00:52.

This is about children that will down, watched the show, and they're

:00:53.:01:00.

not going to see themselves represented.

:01:01.:01:14.

Alexander Litvinenko died from poisoning nearly a decade ago

:01:15.:01:18.

And they are politically explosive. an inquiry into his death

:01:19.:01:29.

is 'likely' to have sanctioned the former Russian spy's poisoning.

:01:30.:01:32.

It matches the accusation made by Litvinenko himself,

:01:33.:01:35.

Our Security Correspondent Gordon Corerra reports.

:01:36.:01:43.

Today a judge concluded he was killed in an operation

:01:44.:01:49.

by the Russian security service, the FSB, likely authorised

:01:50.:01:55.

The FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved

:01:56.:02:01.

by Mr Patrushev, then head of the FSB, and also by President

:02:02.:02:05.

Litvinenko was a former Russian intelligence officer,

:02:06.:02:17.

who had spoken out about corruption, and then fled with his

:02:18.:02:29.

Former FSB officer Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitry Kovtun both caught

:02:30.:02:31.

In the Pine Bar Litvinenko was served a drink from this teapot

:02:32.:02:38.

which was laced with radioactive polonium.

:02:39.:02:41.

Police would be able to follow a trail of radioactivity

:02:42.:02:46.

across London, from restaurants to football stadium,

:02:47.:02:48.

It took Litvinenko himself three weeks to die.

:02:49.:02:54.

There were audible gasps here in court when the judge said

:02:55.:03:00.

responsibility probably lay at the highest levels

:03:01.:03:03.

And this report argues the motive was that Litvinenko was viewed

:03:04.:03:09.

Litvinenko was so hated that Russians special forces

:03:10.:03:17.

Today's report says his accusations that the FSB was behind these

:03:18.:03:25.

bombings of apartments in Moscow to justify a war

:03:26.:03:29.

as well as his disclosure about corruption and a personal

:03:30.:03:32.

animosity with Vladimir Putin all made him a target.

:03:33.:03:36.

And then there was also the fact that the Russians learned he had

:03:37.:03:40.

begun working with Britain's intelligence service MI6.

:03:41.:03:44.

Today, his widow who fought for years for this inquiry told me

:03:45.:03:48.

the British Government should now expel all Russian spies

:03:49.:03:52.

in their London embassy, and impose travel bans and sanctions

:03:53.:03:55.

I believe only these things might help Russian people one day

:03:56.:04:05.

Today in the Commons the Government said it would consider

:04:06.:04:13.

The conclusion that the Russian state was probably involved

:04:14.:04:19.

in the murder of Mr Litvinenko is deeply disturbing.

:04:20.:04:23.

It goes without saying, that this was a blatant

:04:24.:04:25.

and unacceptable breach of the most fundamental tenets of international

:04:26.:04:32.

But the opposition criticised the Government's response.

:04:33.:04:40.

I am not sure it goes anywhere near enough in answering

:04:41.:04:43.

the seriousness of the findings in this report.

:04:44.:04:48.

Indeed it could send a dangerous signal to Russia that our response

:04:49.:04:51.

Today, two of the most powerful men in Russia were named as likely

:04:52.:04:59.

responsible for what has been described as an act of nuclear

:05:00.:05:02.

A murder which a decade on remains a defining issue

:05:03.:05:06.

Now there's mounting pressure on the government here in Britain

:05:07.:05:14.

to take further action against Russia.

:05:15.:05:17.

The Russian Foreign Ministry has once again denied any involvement

:05:18.:05:20.

in the assassination and said the inquiry had been politicised.

:05:21.:05:23.

Our Moscow Correspondent Sarah Rainsford looks at where today's

:05:24.:05:26.

report leaves relations between Britain and Russia?

:05:27.:05:31.

You wouldn't know Russia's President has just been implicated

:05:32.:05:34.

People here are more worried about and economic crisis,

:05:35.:05:39.

That is partly down to the message they are getting

:05:40.:05:50.

It is reporting the inquiry into Alexander Litvinenko's murder,

:05:51.:05:56.

as a farce, biassed against Moscow from the start.

:05:57.:05:59.

Reporters are playing down the conclusion,

:06:00.:06:02.

that President Putin probably approved the killing.

:06:03.:06:05.

And in public at least, Russian officials are unflustered.

:06:06.:06:10.

At the foreign ministry the spokeswoman deflected my

:06:11.:06:13.

question over the trail of deadly polonium, dismissing the whole

:06:14.:06:16.

We take it as a step towards to discredit Russia,

:06:17.:06:20.

and Russian official, Russian leaders, as we understand

:06:21.:06:26.

it was not a legal process, it was an imitation

:06:27.:06:32.

Russia has become the master of denial.

:06:33.:06:36.

Of painting the most serious accusations as part

:06:37.:06:40.

of an international political campaign against Moscow.

:06:41.:06:43.

That may work with the audience here at home, but the conclusions

:06:44.:06:46.

of the Litvinenko inquiry have the potential to plunge

:06:47.:06:48.

relations with the west to a new low.

:06:49.:06:53.

Despite calls to extradite the chief suspects to the UK,

:06:54.:06:56.

they are still here in Russia, today Andrei Lugovoi

:06:57.:06:58.

He has become a minor celebrity here.

:06:59.:07:07.

The murder of Alexander Litvinenko had major repercussions

:07:08.:07:09.

Contacts between security services cut.

:07:10.:07:16.

But five years on, David Cameron was in Russia, encouraging trade

:07:17.:07:22.

Then came the conflict in Ukraine and the annex casing of Crimea

:07:23.:07:26.

The inquiry into Litvinenko's killing was announced.

:07:27.:07:33.

Now it its damning conclusion is out Russia's ambassador has been

:07:34.:07:36.

But some argue Russia's role in Syria makes it risky

:07:37.:07:42.

Since it began air strikes there, Moscow has become central

:07:43.:07:47.

I personally do not think we should be concerned about deepening the row

:07:48.:07:56.

as such, the Russians themselves ought to have some consideration

:07:57.:08:01.

for that, and whether it is the, there is any sense in having

:08:02.:08:12.

a bigger bust up than the one we are having already.

:08:13.:08:15.

Tonight the Kremlin was sounding defiant.

:08:16.:08:17.

President Putin's spokesman call the murder inquiry a joke,

:08:18.:08:19.

and insisted that Moscow will not accept its findings.

:08:20.:08:32.

A car bomb has exploded in the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu. It

:08:33.:08:42.

was in the city's popular live goat destination beach. Explosions and

:08:43.:08:49.

gunfire have been heard nearby. We will bring you more on that

:08:50.:08:50.

developing story as we get it. Brazil says thousands of babies have

:08:51.:08:54.

been born with abnormally small The health system is struggling

:08:55.:08:56.

to cope with the outbreak linked to the Zika virus -

:08:57.:09:00.

which is spread by mosquitoes. The rare brain defect affects

:09:01.:09:02.

the babies' physical The disease has spread across Brazil

:09:03.:09:04.

- with close to 4,000 It is now showing up in other

:09:05.:09:15.

South American countries. The Zika virus appears to have the

:09:16.:10:07.

ability to cause birth defects, when the baby is born to other infected

:10:08.:10:09.

pregnancy. Camilla Costa from BBC

:10:10.:10:45.

Brazil is in Sao Paulo. It is difficult to

:10:46.:10:47.

are still being investigated point, how widespread the cases are.

:10:48.:10:59.

The Zika virus is quite detect right now, we still don't

:11:00.:11:03.

have specific tests to detect detect right now, we still don't

:11:04.:11:15.

mothers. Silas the bit about detect right now, we still don't

:11:16.:11:17.

they have told you? There is a lot of anxiety, when

:11:18.:11:24.

they have told you? There is a lot news, the mothers feel sad

:11:25.:11:24.

they have told you? There is a lot do about the

:11:25.:11:31.

they have told you? There is a lot cannot predict

:11:32.:11:44.

they have told you? There is a lot know what exactly awaits them. What

:11:45.:11:46.

is the government saying they will do, in particular to help these

:11:47.:11:51.

mothers? State governments are actually trying to increase the

:11:52.:11:54.

number of centres they have, which are prepared to give orientation to

:11:55.:12:01.

those mothers, and to start a rehabilitation sessions with those

:12:02.:12:06.

babies. This is one thing you can do to help stimulate some areas of the

:12:07.:12:13.

baby's brains. The budget for city governments to tackle the mosquito

:12:14.:12:22.

that transmits the Zika virus, to prevent another epidemic next year.

:12:23.:12:26.

We are hearing them may have been a couple of cases in Colombia? Is that

:12:27.:12:32.

something the government is talking about, prevention to normal people

:12:33.:12:34.

as well as attacking the mosquito? Definitely. The mosquito has been

:12:35.:12:43.

constant in Brazil and most countries in Latin America for

:12:44.:12:47.

decades, since we are tropical countries, something we have dealt

:12:48.:12:52.

with for a long time. It is a mosquito that transmits at least

:12:53.:12:55.

seven diseases, quite urgent to tackle the situation. Just as the

:12:56.:13:03.

Zika virus came, and may have caused those cases of malformation, other

:13:04.:13:11.

cases could come. In Britain David Cameron has said a referendum on

:13:12.:13:17.

membership of the good, sinister, if they deal can be negotiated with the

:13:18.:13:21.

rest of the EE members by the end of next month. In Davos, the

:13:22.:13:29.

Netherlands' Prime Minister said the deadline is doable. He spake to Abba

:13:30.:13:34.

economics editor, who asked him what the EU's most pressing issue is

:13:35.:13:42.

right now? Clearly the refugee crisis is the most pressing issue.

:13:43.:13:47.

We need to bring numbers down through Turkey and Egypt, coming to

:13:48.:13:51.

Europe. This is not sustainable. The main issue. At the same time even to

:13:52.:13:56.

drive growth, improve the common market, particularly in digital

:13:57.:14:03.

services, capital union, energy. There is enormous room for

:14:04.:14:08.

improvement. 1.25 euros trillion in extra GDP to get. For Britain, one

:14:09.:14:14.

of the major issues is the renegotiation, that the Prime

:14:15.:14:18.

Minister is attempting. When you look at what the Prime Minister is

:14:19.:14:21.

putting on a table, DEC the chance for radial by February? Yes, I am

:14:22.:14:29.

relatively optimistic we can get a deal, and we could get a deal in

:14:30.:14:33.

February. There is still work to be done. He has put on the table wishes

:14:34.:14:39.

in various domains. For me, I think it is crucial become to an agreement

:14:40.:14:53.

on the 28th, for all 28. So you make maximum use of the UK referendum to

:14:54.:14:56.

improve your for everybody, particularly in the areas of growth,

:14:57.:15:01.

how to deal with countries in the Eurozone and outside the Eurozone.

:15:02.:15:06.

It is doable, but still work to be done. Lex ability necessary? Yes,

:15:07.:15:11.

that everybody will acknowledge we have Europe that has different

:15:12.:15:18.

speeds. Already there, the Eurozone, Schengen, some countries having

:15:19.:15:23.

country specific opt outs. It is not new in itself. For me, the nation of

:15:24.:15:30.

ever closer union, this was putting in the past, it is history. Ever

:15:31.:15:37.

closer union, not of the People's of the European Union, but I know for

:15:38.:15:43.

him, it is important, so we have to deal with it.

:15:44.:15:47.

Now to a remarkable story about a man called Justin Smith

:15:48.:15:50.

The 26-year-old was walking home from a local bar when he fell

:15:51.:15:54.

in the snow and was knocked unconscious.

:15:55.:15:56.

He was found hours later in freezing conditions and paramedics concluded

:15:57.:15:58.

Justin was then taken to hospital where doctors thought his life

:15:59.:16:02.

I started shaking his head, no, you can't leave me.

:16:03.:16:56.

I have never even heard anything like this, amazing. Something I have

:16:57.:17:01.

not heard of, can't thank everyone enough.

:17:02.:17:08.

Dr James Wu was one of the doctors involved in the procedure to revive

:17:09.:17:14.

He says this procedure is not actually new to health care

:17:15.:17:21.

professionals. It is an older technology, it is a

:17:22.:17:29.

heart and lung machine, and can be used outside the body, for different

:17:30.:17:35.

purposes. Most recently, it has been used for the flu epidemic, causing

:17:36.:17:42.

severe lung problems, what we call ARDS. It is done great job in terms

:17:43.:17:48.

of saving those patients who would be dead. The technology has

:17:49.:17:54.

involved, with better Jew being and cannulas, we can drain blood out of

:17:55.:17:59.

the patient and put it back in. -- better Jew being. We are moving to

:18:00.:18:06.

the forefront of recess at a science. Cardiac arrest,

:18:07.:18:20.

hypothermia, and other uses. What is PE? Pulmonary images. -- embolism. A

:18:21.:18:33.

police officer said he was dead for many hours, what with the chances

:18:34.:18:38.

for revival? Truly incredible. When we saw him at the hospital, he had

:18:39.:18:43.

no vital signs. No pulse. No electrical activities. This is what

:18:44.:18:52.

they saw, when he was there. The chances of a patient surviving from

:18:53.:18:56.

those set of conditions is extremely low. But there were two things going

:18:57.:19:02.

for Justin, one was hypothermia, a lot of the metabolism of his brain

:19:03.:19:07.

and other bodily functions were kept to a minimum. Did not need to use a

:19:08.:19:18.

lot of energy or oxygen. Another thing was he was 25 years old, young

:19:19.:19:24.

patients can survive a great deal of trauma, and still do OK. As a

:19:25.:19:30.

doctor, what did this procedure mean to you? To bring someone phrasing

:19:31.:19:37.

back to life? Furious for your personal take? He was not completely

:19:38.:19:46.

frozen. Once you are truly completely frozen, your body and

:19:47.:19:54.

cells were crystallised. His lowest temperature was 18 degrees, the

:19:55.:19:57.

blood was still flowing, albeit very sluggishly. Again, under those

:19:58.:20:03.

circumstances, looking at getting the heart function back, and the

:20:04.:20:09.

organs, and then the brain, we were not sure about. Remarkably it came

:20:10.:20:14.

back almost completely. Incredible job done by this doctor.

:20:15.:20:19.

He was tipped by some for an Oscar nomination -

:20:20.:20:21.

now he's not even going to the ceremony.

:20:22.:20:23.

Will Smith, who had the leading role in film Concussion,

:20:24.:20:26.

is the latest star to boycott this year's Academy Awards over

:20:27.:20:30.

That was sparked by all 20 of the main acting

:20:31.:20:34.

Let's hear what he's said on US TV in the last few hours.

:20:35.:20:43.

This is so deeply not about me. This is about children that are going to

:20:44.:20:56.

sit there on, they are going to watch this show. And they are not

:20:57.:21:04.

going to see themselves represented. We heard your wife says she was not

:21:05.:21:09.

going to be attending, nor will she be watching? Will you be attending

:21:10.:21:15.

the Oscars? No, it would be awkward for me to show up with Charlize! We

:21:16.:21:26.

have discussed it, we are part of this community at this current time,

:21:27.:21:34.

we're uncomfortable to stand there and say this is OK. I asked Neal

:21:35.:21:42.

Smith, our entertainment reporter, how significant this boycott is?

:21:43.:21:46.

He's by far the biggest Hollywood start to turn his back on the Oscars

:21:47.:21:53.

this year. His worldwide fame will really bring even more attention to

:21:54.:21:57.

this issue than there has been already. It is odd, the film he may

:21:58.:22:03.

have been nominated for was called Concussion. I imagine the academy

:22:04.:22:08.

are feeling something similar foot of it seems to grow and grow. The

:22:09.:22:13.

awards are not until the end of February, at about one month ago. Do

:22:14.:22:19.

you think it will continue to gather steam, or get more names? Already

:22:20.:22:24.

some big hitters? Absolutely, Spike Lee, various other people. A lot of

:22:25.:22:30.

pressure on the house, Chris Rock. People saying he should be pulling

:22:31.:22:37.

out. -- host. Not dealing with this slightly tainted ceremony. The

:22:38.:22:42.

Justin Kemp will be the next week, the Academy will have a board

:22:43.:22:47.

meeting. Standard board meeting. Now, I think people will look at

:22:48.:22:52.

this, and for something concrete to come out of it. If something

:22:53.:22:56.

concrete does come out of it, they may be able to nip this in the bud.

:22:57.:23:00.

Can you tell us what the Academy has said a fire in response to people

:23:01.:23:15.

speaking out? Everyone from Whoopi Goldberg to Idris Elba. They said

:23:16.:23:17.

more must be done to broaden Goldberg to Idris Elba. They said

:23:18.:23:27.

Now they need to see something more concrete. Talking about radical

:23:28.:23:30.

changes, possibly more acting nominees. A limit of ten films every

:23:31.:23:36.

year, as opposed to the sliding scale between 5-10. Talking about

:23:37.:23:42.

some quite seismic changes. What do the Academy say so far about why

:23:43.:23:47.

there were no people of colour in the nominations? The Academy

:23:48.:23:57.

president has said she's very disappointed, that unfortunately you

:23:58.:24:01.

can only nominate what is out there. There were far stronger candidates

:24:02.:24:04.

last year, in terms of critical support, groundswell of popular

:24:05.:24:12.

opinion. Selma, for instance, some thought they were robbed. No

:24:13.:24:15.

high-profile candidates this year. It's possible that there is a huge

:24:16.:24:18.

ninth planet on the outer edge of our solar system -

:24:19.:24:21.

and it may be ten times But for now from me and the rest

:24:22.:25:55.

of the team goodbye.

:25:56.:25:58.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS