22/01/2016 World News Today


22/01/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: Satellite images reveal the first evidence

:00:07.:00:11.

of a growing US presence in northern Syria.

:00:12.:00:15.

Images appear to show the Americans expanding a disused air strip

:00:16.:00:18.

Six American states declare a state of emergency ahead of a giant

:00:19.:00:24.

snowstorm threatening to paralyse parts of the East Coast.

:00:25.:00:29.

Also coming up: More than 40 migrants drown as two boats sink,

:00:30.:00:33.

And the actor Jerry Lewis comic at and the movie about the Holocaust

:00:34.:00:56.

he's suppressed for more than 40 years.

:00:57.:01:03.

We start in Syria where Satellite imagery obtained

:01:04.:01:08.

by the international intelligence consultancy Stratfor indicates

:01:09.:01:13.

that the United States is extending an airstrip in the north

:01:14.:01:16.

The imagery - although grainy - clearly shows the extension

:01:17.:01:19.

of the runway from 700 metres to over 1,300,

:01:20.:01:24.

The site is located near to the town of Rmeilan.

:01:25.:01:30.

American airpower has been used to help a Kurdish alliance trying

:01:31.:01:33.

to repel the forces of the so called Islamic State.

:01:34.:01:36.

But there are claims the US operation in the area could become

:01:37.:01:39.

a lot more substantial, involving troops and helicopters.

:01:40.:01:43.

Such a move is likely to attract strong opposition from Ankara.

:01:44.:01:58.

special intelligence gathering information by talking to local

:01:59.:02:04.

people Sim Tack works as a military analyst

:02:05.:02:06.

for Stratfor and says the satellite The significance of this

:02:07.:02:09.

is that this would be an important, qualitative step for the US to take

:02:10.:02:13.

in its support for the SDF, the Syrian Defence Forces,

:02:14.:02:16.

which is one of the branches of its strategy against

:02:17.:02:18.

Islamic State in Syria. By supporting this group,

:02:19.:02:20.

they are guaranteeing some sort of ground force that

:02:21.:02:22.

can push IS back. They have been supporting YPG

:02:23.:02:30.

in the past through air drops and that's fairly limited,

:02:31.:02:33.

so in terms of putting an actual presence on the ground or using that

:02:34.:02:35.

runway for logistical support of them, that really increases

:02:36.:02:39.

the ability of the US to push Let's speak to Murad Shishani,

:02:40.:02:42.

a correspondent with the BBC World if this is the case, it's Russia has

:02:43.:03:22.

already developed to a bases and now America is Russians have. Even with

:03:23.:03:30.

military experts, Americans and. But now they're It

:03:31.:04:16.

will be very important. A fully be beyond Raqqa, that is one of the

:04:17.:04:20.

major routes for supporting Islamic State, but now it is developing.

:04:21.:04:25.

That is the plan of the Americans as far as I can see. Why would they

:04:26.:04:30.

need to extend the runway like this, bearing in mind that those forces

:04:31.:04:35.

that they are supporting have already recaptured quite a

:04:36.:04:38.

significant amount of land from Islamic State. Indeed. It seems to

:04:39.:04:43.

me that they want to boost support and logistics. Many observers say,

:04:44.:04:49.

they downplay the ideal routes on the ground one way or the other.

:04:50.:05:00.

But, now, in this case in Syria, for all the region. Who would have built

:05:01.:05:07.

this? American special forces overseeing it, or would you have

:05:08.:05:11.

local engineers? It is hard to say who built that. From local sources,

:05:12.:05:18.

in the last few days they were talking about lots of movement in

:05:19.:05:23.

the area. They control the large area to expand the runway. We don't

:05:24.:05:27.

know who is exactly going to be behind it.

:05:28.:05:38.

Millions of people along the East Coast of the United States

:05:39.:05:41.

are bracing themselves for a blizzard, which,

:05:42.:05:43.

forecasters say, could be a "crippling" winter storm.

:05:44.:05:45.

A state of emergency has been declared across a number of states

:05:46.:05:47.

ahead of what's being called a "potentially life-threatening"

:05:48.:05:50.

weather system that could bring more than 50 centimetres

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Our North America editor Jon Sopel reports.

:05:53.:05:55.

A massive blizzard takes aim at 75 million Americans.

:05:56.:05:59.

The north-eastern seaboard of the United States is bracing

:06:00.:06:03.

itself for a once in a hundred years event.

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And the District of Columbia will be hit hardest.

:06:07.:06:12.

Washington, DC is bracing itself for a combination of epic snowfall,

:06:13.:06:17.

A state of emergency is in place and the public transport network

:06:18.:06:24.

is shutting down and apocalyptic warnings are being given.

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I want to be very clear with everybody, we see this

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It has life and death implications and all of the residents

:06:30.:06:33.

of the District of Columbia should treat it that way.

:06:34.:06:35.

Folks need to understand that this is a life-threatening storm.

:06:36.:06:49.

If you do not need to be out, we are asking folks to,

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by three o'clock today, beware they are going to be

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People are taking heed, if the lines in shops are anything

:06:55.:07:09.

to go by, by yesterday afternoon the supermarket in Washington had

:07:10.:07:12.

We're getting snow shovels and provisions of all Kent and we're

:07:13.:07:44.

going everyone was just running around no one was exempt, not even

:07:45.:07:56.

the passenger from this flight. The are people reading the instructions

:07:57.:08:25.

to get home as yes. There are still some

:08:26.:08:47.

people than there were an hour and the federal government the warning

:08:48.:09:02.

was that everyone should by three o'clock. That is 45 minutes because

:09:03.:09:12.

they're expecting there could be up to another two period. According to

:09:13.:09:31.

the weathermen, they're going for 80 the transport system has close for

:09:32.:09:32.

the entire weekend until Monday to they're going to keep the

:09:33.:10:00.

roads clear as the emergency services are still need to be able

:10:01.:10:04.

to get around so they're going to still do that. They have tens of

:10:05.:10:09.

thousands of more people booked in some parts of Virginia are going

:10:10.:10:24.

In fact, the mayor said that it could be a matter of life or death,

:10:25.:10:31.

this kind of storm, a deadly storm in that sense, and most people

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should try and stay indoors, not attempt to do anything, quite

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frankly, over the next 36-48 hours. Lots of flights cancelled, a couple

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of thousand today, probably a couple of thousand flights on the Eastern

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Seaboard tomorrow. It is not just Washington and Virginia and

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Maryland, it is right down from Arkansas in the South. They have had

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five, six inches of snow, Tennessee as well, right up into this area,

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the New York metropolitan area. It is going to affect tens of millions

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of people, this storm. People are keeping their fingers crossed that

:11:12.:11:17.

people can stay safe. OK, Gary, go and buy a hat and have a hot

:11:18.:11:24.

chocolate! Some breaking news. Spain's incumbent Prime Minister

:11:25.:11:33.

Mariano Rajoy has turned down a petition from the King to form a new

:11:34.:11:37.

government. He has declined to seek the confidence of Parliament.

:11:38.:11:42.

Mariano Rajoy toning down that invitation to form a government. --

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turning down. Let's turn to Syria. Government

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troops have made new gains against insurgents in

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the west of the country. Russian aviation is playing

:12:00.:12:01.

an instrumental role in this campaign and today, Russian forces

:12:02.:12:03.

took reporters to see a town, which had been out of government

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control for more than three years. Our correspondent Steve Rosenberg

:12:07.:12:09.

sent this report from Salma In the mountains above Latakia,

:12:10.:12:19.

there has been heavy fighting. The Syrian Army has been on the

:12:20.:12:23.

offensive. But it is the Russian military that is driving us here in

:12:24.:12:28.

one of its armoured vehicles. They are taking us to this town, Salma.

:12:29.:12:33.

The Russians said that the Syrian Army we took this town from rebels a

:12:34.:12:38.

few days ago. We have been told we can only spend a short time here

:12:39.:12:41.

because buildings are booby-trapped and security is still a major

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concern. You can see the scars of war here

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and feel the tension. There were battles raging here only days ago.

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It was rushing air power that help the Syrian army take back this town.

:12:58.:13:03.

Russia has helped us so much, the local governor tells me, by

:13:04.:13:09.

destroying terrorists, their weapons and their command posts from the

:13:10.:13:13.

air. Nearly months of air strikes have helped the Syrian army begin

:13:14.:13:19.

territory from rebels. That doesn't mean that President Assad is winning

:13:20.:13:24.

this war, but for now, Russia has stopped him from losing it. It's not

:13:25.:13:29.

only Russian airpower that is bolstering cilia's president. Its

:13:30.:13:35.

Russian warships, too, in the Mediterranean. We were allowed on

:13:36.:13:42.

board this Russian destroyer of the Syrian coast. They showed us their

:13:43.:13:57.

torpedoes and naval cannon and behind the site is, missiles for

:13:58.:14:01.

destroying submarines, not that so-called Islamic State has any of

:14:02.:14:08.

those. We face plenty of potential threats above the water, too. Like

:14:09.:14:14.

terrorists in speedboats, so we need to protect all the Russian warships

:14:15.:14:18.

that are out there. Russian force from the air and from the sea. It's

:14:19.:14:25.

a statement that Russia once again sees itself as a global power. To

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the West, the message from Moscow was clear. You may not like us, but

:14:30.:14:35.

you can't ignore as if you want to solve crises like the conflict in

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Syria. The US Defence Secretary Ash Carter

:14:38.:14:39.

has said that soldiers from America's 101st Airborne

:14:40.:14:43.

division will be sent to Iraq to join the fight against

:14:44.:14:45.

the so-called Islamic State. Dozens of countries are involved

:14:46.:14:48.

in a coalition to fight the militants, which has so far

:14:49.:14:50.

mainly taken the form Washington wants more aerial

:14:51.:14:53.

support for that campaign. The Nato Secretary General has told

:14:54.:15:00.

BBC World News that Nato is considering an American request

:15:01.:15:06.

for the alliance to get directly We can confirm that the

:15:07.:15:08.

United States has asked for support from NATO, in the form

:15:09.:15:12.

of support from our AWACS surveillance planes,

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and we are now looking We will, as an alliance,

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make decision. All NATO allies are part of fighting

:15:25.:15:29.

Isil, and when we get such a request, we are taking

:15:30.:15:32.

it very seriously. Greek and Turkish coastguards have

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recovered the bodies of more than 40 migrants - including 20 children -

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whose boats ran into trouble Dozens of other people

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remain unaccounted for. This latest tragedy comes

:15:48.:15:50.

as the Turkish and German governments held a special meeting

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in Berlin to discuss Afterwards a communique was signed

:15:53.:15:55.

by both countries in which Turkey promised to do more to stem

:15:56.:16:02.

the migrant flow into the EU. These people were trying to reach

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Greece. In the last 24 hours,

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more than 40 have died trying This baby was rushed

:16:17.:16:18.

to intensive care. Europe's leaders barely agreed

:16:19.:16:21.

on how to help. Today the German Chancellor met

:16:22.:16:27.

the Turkish Prime TRANSLATION: Deep inside I am

:16:28.:16:29.

convinced that the problem of illegal migration can only be

:16:30.:16:39.

solved if we work together in fighting the root causes

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of the refugee crisis. Europe's leaders have yet to fully

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implement a controversial quota system to relocate 120,000 refugees

:16:44.:16:55.

and migrants across Europe. They are setting up so-called

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hotspots, special reception centres in Italy and Greece

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from which migrants can be sent on to other countries

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or turned away. And they offered Turkey more

:17:04.:17:07.

than ?2 billion in return TRANSLATION: I want to tell people

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in Germany and the EU that this is not a German crisis,

:17:10.:17:17.

or a European crisis, We can't just pass this crisis onto

:17:18.:17:35.

each other. We have to solve it in Syria and in Iraq. Many are

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overwhelmed. Germany was the promised land of Europe. Look at it

:17:42.:17:44.

now. These people told us they have waited here for days and need money,

:17:45.:17:53.

hosting and help. They said they could manage these people in Germany

:17:54.:18:00.

and they can't. Across Europe, attitudes are hardening. Germany,

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after the sex attacks, is divided. We have to help refugees by all

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means at not by opening the gates and allowing millions to come. You

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cannot plan when war is in a country, so I think we're doing the

:18:16.:18:20.

right thing. This was less boss today. They are lucky to survive. --

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Lesbos. Politically, the refugee crisis has exposed fault lines

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running through Europe as one by one, member states prioritise

:18:36.:18:39.

national interest over European responsibility. There is now a fear

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at the highest level. The German president, the French Prime

:18:44.:18:47.

Minister, that the crisis as instantly testing Europe, but that

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it could destroy it all together. Over the last few weeks,

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some countries have tightened Macedonia, in particular,

:18:54.:18:58.

is now turning back many migrants, as James Reynolds

:18:59.:19:02.

reports from its border. It seems unlikely that anyone

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will be hiding in these bushes right But the police in Macedonia

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want to show us just how Here, the border police

:19:10.:19:16.

with colleagues from Hungary, keep an eye on a small

:19:17.:19:22.

group in the distance. Macedonia only allows

:19:23.:19:24.

in refugees from Syria, It deports everyone else,

:19:25.:19:27.

including these young men trudging But these rejected migrants,

:19:28.:19:35.

a new underclass, will not give up. At night, we followed

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a group from Somalia. They wanted to find a gap

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in the border fence. This route is difficult,

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one of them told me. It is freezing cold and this group

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wants to carry on walking They will try to navigate

:20:00.:20:02.

by moonlight and they hope to carry on on these paths and to avoid

:20:03.:20:11.

the Macedonian police and see if they can slip

:20:12.:20:13.

in the country unnoticed. Macedonia caught them and sent them

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back to Greece. These young men, from North Africa,

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were also caught. They say the Macedonian

:20:28.:20:29.

police attacked them. A doctor with the organisation

:20:30.:20:31.

Medecins Sans Frontieres says that she and her colleagues treat

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half a dozen injuries every night. The most things we see are bruises,

:20:54.:20:59.

serious bruises, very visible, that their stories are correct,

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it has been from violence. We send some to hospital

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because we suspect fractures. The Macedonian government rejects

:21:05.:21:11.

accusations of brutality and told the BBC its officers use

:21:12.:21:14.

all legal means to defend In other news, Tunisia has

:21:15.:21:19.

declared a nationwide, night-time curfew after four days

:21:20.:21:33.

of protests over unemployment. The demonstrations have descended

:21:34.:21:37.

into violence and looting. The Prime Minister has cut short

:21:38.:21:39.

an overseas trip and has warned that there was no magic

:21:40.:21:42.

solution to joblessness. The protests were triggered

:21:43.:21:46.

on Sunday when a young man, who didn't get a Government job,

:21:47.:21:48.

climbed a transmission tower The US vice president Joe Biden has

:21:49.:21:50.

criticised Turkey for restricting Speaking in Istanbul,

:21:51.:21:57.

Mr Biden said intimidating journalists, shutting down social

:21:58.:22:02.

media and accusing government critics of treason set a poor

:22:03.:22:04.

example to the region. Mr Biden visited the scene of last

:22:05.:22:07.

week's terrorist attack, which resulted in the deaths

:22:08.:22:09.

of ten German tourists. Brazilian health officials say

:22:10.:22:15.

they fear the mosquito-borne Zika The virus has been linked to a sharp

:22:16.:22:18.

rise in abnormalities The Zika virus, which affects many

:22:19.:22:24.

other countries in the Americas, is raising concerns ahead

:22:25.:22:31.

of the Olympic Games in Rio de The US health authorities have

:22:32.:22:36.

expanded a travel warning for pregnant women to avoid

:22:37.:22:39.

more than 20 countries. More than 40 years ago the American

:22:40.:22:43.

slapstick actor Jerry Lewis made But it was so controversial that

:22:44.:22:46.

Lewis himself banned the movie For decades, film buffs have

:22:47.:22:50.

wondered exactly what was in it. Now, still images from the film have

:22:51.:22:56.

come to light and have been seen But in 1972, he made a film

:22:57.:22:59.

about the Holocaust, Now for the first time since then,

:23:00.:23:21.

these stills from it have surfaced. Called The Day The Clown Cried,

:23:22.:23:28.

it sees Lewis playing a clown It was so controversial,

:23:29.:23:32.

Lewis changed his mind and has never Most of these images are not

:23:33.:23:36.

comic at all in my eyes. Which is why the photos are now

:23:37.:23:46.

being eagerly studied by scholars There were very many mentions,

:23:47.:23:49.

both in terms of literature and film So I don't think there's anything

:23:50.:23:54.

wrong necessarily with doing that. But of course, we are in a very

:23:55.:23:58.

difficult area here. You have to be sensitive

:23:59.:24:01.

to what you have made. It sounds as though Jerry Lewis,

:24:02.:24:07.

in his sensitivity, felt it was best that what he had made

:24:08.:24:10.

was best not let out. For years, the Internet has

:24:11.:24:12.

speculated about the unseen film. It's very iconic,

:24:13.:24:15.

isn't it, the outfits? The BBC asked the Jewish comedian

:24:16.:24:20.

David Schneider to look There's a whole difficult

:24:21.:24:22.

area of whether he has Once a thing is made,

:24:23.:24:26.

whether he has the right to not But I think when you look at these

:24:27.:24:33.

pictures, and you realise just how badly it could go, how

:24:34.:24:39.

offensive it could be, then he has probably

:24:40.:24:41.

done the right thing. The BBC did ask Jerry Lewis

:24:42.:24:47.

for an interview to talk So all we have to go on are these

:24:48.:24:49.

newly-released stills, As one film critic put it,

:24:50.:24:53.

this is one of the most talked about movies in history but no one

:24:54.:24:58.

has actually seen it. Three years ago, Jerry Lewis did

:24:59.:25:02.

give an insight into his decision I was grateful that I had the power

:25:03.:25:05.

to contain it all and never let The Day The Clown Cried is not

:25:06.:25:15.

the only film to inject humour But unless it is released,

:25:16.:25:22.

we will never know if it was Duncan Kennedy, BBC

:25:23.:25:27.

News, Southampton. Satellite imagery in Syria appears

:25:28.:25:47.

to show the extension of a runway from 700 metres to more than 1300,

:25:48.:25:52.

believed to have been overseen by American special forces.

:25:53.:25:53.

We are back in about an hour. See you soon.

:25:54.:26:12.

Hello hello, most of us will have seen rain today but the weather is

:26:13.:26:16.

good to pick

:26:17.:26:17.

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