25/01/2016 World News Today


25/01/2016

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I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News.

:00:00.:00:00.

Warnings that the Zika virus will spread across most

:00:07.:00:10.

The mosquito-borne disease is thought to cause devastating

:00:11.:00:14.

birth defects, impairing brain development in the womb.

:00:15.:00:21.

The explosive spread of Zika virus to new geographical areas with

:00:22.:00:30.

little population immunity is another cause for concern.

:00:31.:00:32.

The US Treasury accuses Russia's President Putin

:00:33.:00:34.

of corruption, saying he's used his power to amass a secret

:00:35.:00:36.

fortune - a special report coming up.

:00:37.:00:38.

Officials in the eastern United States caution that days

:00:39.:00:42.

of disruption lie ahead before life returns to normal.

:00:43.:00:46.

And British explorer, Henry Worsley, dies after falling just short

:00:47.:00:50.

of making an historic solo crossing of Antarctica.

:00:51.:01:20.

The World Health Organisation is warning that the mosquito-borne

:01:21.:01:23.

Zika virus - suspected of causing brain damage to thousands of babies

:01:24.:01:26.

in Brazil - could spread to nearly all countries in the Americas.

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Canada and Chile are the only countries thought to be safe.

:01:31.:01:33.

There is no treatment or vaccine available,

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and some countries have advised women not to get pregnant.

:01:36.:01:38.

Wyre Davies sent this report from Rio de Janiero.

:01:39.:01:42.

Cared for and loved as much as any other child.

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But an increasing number of babies in Brazil are being born

:01:46.:01:48.

with a condition that will affect them for the rest of their lives.

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Microcephaly is driving fear into the hearts of thousands

:01:57.:01:59.

In many cases, mothers may not be aware of it until the baby is born.

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Gentle physiotherapy helps to stimulate developmental problems

:02:06.:02:08.

While some physical effects, like smaller than average head size,

:02:09.:02:14.

may be obvious, some specialists say it is just the tip of the iceberg.

:02:15.:02:19.

IN PORTUGESE: Microcephaly and head abnormalities are just one extreme.

:02:20.:02:26.

pregnancies in the seventh or eighth month, there can be other

:02:27.:02:33.

consequences, such as visual or audio impairment,

:02:34.:02:34.

or even cognitive challenges, which will only become

:02:35.:02:37.

But I repeat, microcephaly is just one extreme.

:02:38.:02:42.

Chief suspect is the Zika virus, spread by mosquitoes.

:02:43.:03:02.

With the health system already under strain,

:03:03.:03:11.

Brazil has the added pressure of preparing

:03:12.:03:16.

for big set-piece global events, like this year's Olympic Games.

:03:17.:03:19.

While some countries have issued very strict travel advice,

:03:20.:03:21.

the real question is whether Brazil itself

:03:22.:03:26.

This is a favela right on the edge of the Olympic Park,

:03:27.:03:29.

with open sewers and lots of stagnant water, perfect

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But all the authorities have said they might do is fumigate these

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This house was demolished and now I am left with this standing pool

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of water, risking Zika and dengue fever, says this woman who has lived

:03:47.:03:50.

They haven't given us any information about how to prevent

:03:51.:03:56.

Zika, except to put on insect repellent.

:03:57.:03:58.

Brazil may not be at fault for the arrival of Zika,

:03:59.:04:04.

nor its spread throughout the continent.

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But with appalling levels of public citation and a critical year ahead,

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--sanitation this is developing into a major public health crisis.

:04:14.:04:15.

So what causes the devastating Zika virus, who's most at risk,

:04:16.:04:18.

Here's our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh.

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If infected with the Zika virus, it can pass it to humans

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It is the same mosquito which also spreads

:04:30.:04:35.

The Zika virus was identified way back in 1947 in Uganda.

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But until a few months ago, the Zika virus was not thought to be

:04:46.:04:49.

80% of those infected had no symptoms.

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In the rest, it can cause a mild fever and

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headaches, and a skin rash is common.

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As is conjunctivitis - red, sore eyes.

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Well, in less than a year, it has spread

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from Mexico, the Caribbean, to South America.

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There, doctors believe it represents a major health

:05:12.:05:18.

threat to women infected in the early stages of pregnancy.

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They think Zika may cause a normally rare

:05:24.:05:26.

condition in infants born with unusually small heads

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The only serious risk to public health is for pregnant women.

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Pregnant women, if they get infected, they can get the virus.

:05:47.:05:51.

So pregnant women should consider very seriously

:05:52.:05:56.

whether to travel to places where there is a Zika

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Zika is quite unlike the deadly Ebola virus which has killed more

:05:59.:06:04.

Ebola is highly contagious, whereas Zika does not pass

:06:05.:06:11.

This is not Ebola, this is a disease which is transmitted by mosquitoes.

:06:12.:06:25.

So it will only be a problem in eras weather is this same mosquito

:06:26.:06:28.

But like Ebola it is an infectious disease, and it is a crisis

:06:29.:06:32.

It is too cold in the UK for the mosquito which carries

:06:33.:06:36.

the Zika virus, so this is not a health risk here.

:06:37.:06:39.

But global health officials believe that in time it will spread

:06:40.:06:41.

to many more countries, including parts of the United States.

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The US Treasury has told a BBC investigation that it considers

:06:50.:06:52.

the Russian leader, Vladimir Putin, to be corrupt.

:06:53.:06:55.

Though the American Government has already imposed sanctions on Kremlin

:06:56.:06:58.

insiders, it's thought to be the first time they've directly

:06:59.:07:01.

private finances and spoke to those who say they have inside knowledge

:07:02.:07:10.

Richard Bilton has this exclusive report.

:07:11.:07:17.

Vladimir Putin's secrets can be found beyond Russia's borders. In

:07:18.:07:26.

Estonia, there is a man who fled Russia after falling out with

:07:27.:07:31.

Kremlin insiders. He says he helped Putin collect money from Russia's

:07:32.:07:35.

super-rich. They thought it was for the nation's health care. So where

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are these oligarchs affectively just paying tribute to Vladimir Putin?

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I think this is exactly what they thought.

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This man says some of the cash was diverted and ended up with Putin.

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This is a recording of him talking to a Kremlin insider. They are

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discussing $440 million of investment, belonging to Putin. They

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refer to him using a nickname, Mikhail Ivanovich.

:08:10.:08:23.

Then their's Britain's most famous Russian- Chelsea owner Roman

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Abramovich. He allegedly gave Putin a $35 million yacht like this one.

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High, Dmitri, I'm Richard. This man told me he helped to manage

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the yacht. Dmitri was transferred to an offshore company, but the real

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owner was President Putin. This yacht was maintained...

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Why would that be kept secret? We asked Mr Abramovich about the

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yacht, bit his lawyers dismissed creams about him as speculation and

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rumours. The US Treasury has gone public with

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its view about Putin, they claim he is corrupt.

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He draws a salary or something like a dollars a year. That is not an

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accurate statement of the man's well. He has long time training in

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practices of how to mask his actual wealth.

:09:33.:09:34.

It's like Putin corrupt? In our view, yes.

:09:35.:09:39.

President Putin denies all the allegations of corruption. His

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spokesman said the issues we had raised were pure fiction. But with

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some of the world's most powerful men already linked to manager, use

:09:51.:09:54.

also went to corruption on an extra ordinary scale.

:09:55.:09:56.

You can see the full investigation on tonight's Panorama,

:09:57.:09:58.

The clean up operation is well underway in America after one

:09:59.:10:06.

of the most severe winter storms ever recorded.

:10:07.:10:16.

More than 22 inches of snow paralysed Washington, while 20

:10:17.:10:20.

inches fell in New York. Snowploughs have been working

:10:21.:10:22.

to clear main roads. The authorities say it could take

:10:23.:10:24.

days before they reach In Washington, government buildings

:10:25.:10:26.

are still closed and in New York, although the ban on travel has been

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lifted, most of schools remain shut. 1500 flights were

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cancelled on Monday. Michael abuse in the capital.

:10:34.:10:45.

It is Monday, the clearly not business as usual. I am in the deep

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in snow, three days after the snow hit. According to advisers, it could

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take several more days before the side roads are clear. The city is

:10:56.:11:00.

still in a state of emergency. We are working very hard today to

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get DC open for tomorrow. We would like to get our schools open. We

:11:06.:11:11.

working very hard to understand what habitation will be available.

:11:12.:11:16.

The roads are being cleared, but the promise would you put the snow? A

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lot is being dumped in car parks, the river and on the local football

:11:21.:11:24.

stadium down the road. But this here is going to have to stay put until

:11:25.:11:28.

the temperatures rise and it melts. And that could take a very long

:11:29.:11:32.

time. Even in the dead of winter, the

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White House is usually packed. But today, you can't even get close.

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White House is usually packed. But fact, most of the city's attractions

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are completely closed. Although tourists seem to be making the most

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of it. Just putting lots layers. I have

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of it. 40 on, stockings underneath. --

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thermal on. We had to sleigh ride down the

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Lincoln Memorial steps, that was fun.

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How long did you manage that for? We were there for about an hour.

:12:08.:12:09.

Did they move on? No, we were there for about an hour.

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It is not often you get the chance to walk down the middle

:12:17.:12:20.

It is not often you get the chance city's Main Street. But although

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this road is clear, no winners here to use it. The city is now asking

:12:23.:12:30.

for major federal funding, extra cash, to bring the nation's capital

:12:31.:12:32.

back online. The extreme weather is particularly

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bad news for homeless people. David P Jones is president

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of the homeless charity the Bowery Mission,

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based in Manhattan. He says the bad weather has placed

:12:40.:12:46.

big demands an existing services. The challenge of many more people

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coming in, normally at 50% increase on the publishing we normally serve.

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In the normal course we serve about 400,000 meals a year. It could be

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upwards of 1000 a day. In the course of the last two max days, that

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number has taped up per meal.

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A 50% increase, are you able to cope without?

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We have capacity, but it is all hands. One of the key factors is

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that our cupboards soon become bare. So we are all looking for donations

:13:24.:13:31.

of food and the like. So we were full up and preparing for the storm

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with the large groups coming through.

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So now we are trying to restock. It must have been a challenge to get

:13:41.:13:44.

volunteers in the right places at the right times?

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It is. We work with almost 6000 volunteers through the course of a

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year. We have a lot of friends to call on, so we were able

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year. We have a lot of friends to 18 to come in. So we had the

:14:05.:14:05.

resources on the ground. To make it work smoothly.

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You said more people were coming in for your services. I using it take

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something best bad, and that people would have been on the streets

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otherwise? It's interesting, we invite one and

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all to come will stop we have overnight shelter capacity as well

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as the meals we serve. The temperature drops below 40

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Fahrenheit, we opened up all night long and happy drop-in centre during

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the day. But when it is not blizzard conditions, we might see anywhere

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around 100 people a day in the drop-in centre for overnight

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shelter, 200 -ish for a particular meal. Suddenly, people that might

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otherwise have stayed out come in. In a blizzard, we have literally 27

:14:55.:14:58.

inches of snow on the ground, very dangerous to be out. And people were

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thankfully coming in but would not otherwise have come in.

:15:06.:15:09.

President Ashraf Ghani of Afghanistan has told the BBC

:15:10.:15:11.

that the Islamic State militant group will be

:15:12.:15:13.

A year on from the end of the Nato combat mission in Afghanstan,

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so-called Islamic State has been taking swathes of territory

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It has claimed them as a new province of what it calls

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the "caliphate" that it has already declared in areas of Syria and Iraq.

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Our South Asia Correspondent, Justin Rowlatt, reports

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The propaganda images are all too familiar. But these pictures were

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not shot in the Islamic state stronghold of Syria and Iraq. But

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more than 1500 miles away in the mountains of eastern Afghanistan. IS

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has seized territory in three districts and has struck within an

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hour of carpool. Carpool. The police acknowledge it is only a

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matter of time before IS attacks the city and the threat is not just here

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in Afghanistan. The Pentagon analysis is clear, it

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says IS is openly fighting the Taliban to create a safe even in the

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mountains in the east of the country, potentially a second

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stronghold to launch attacks across the world.

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So how serious a threat is IS in Afghanistan? To answer that, you

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need to read Kabul. And I as commander has agreed to talk to an

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Afghan colleague. The ragtag bunch of fighters he

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meets isn't nearly as impressive as the propaganda videos.

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This man struggles to assemble his AK-47. But they do talk the talk.

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You must fight to the bitter end, he says.

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These are disaffected former Taliban who now want to fight a global jihad

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under the black light of IS. The commander says the plan more

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attacks. At the moment we exist in three

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provinces, but we only fight in one. In the others, we are awaiting

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orders from our leader. Then we will fight.

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We understand IS has hundreds, if not thousands, of fighters. It is

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not a huge force, but enough to bring mayhem and misery -- hundreds,

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not thousands. These are just a few of the hundreds

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of families driven from their homes by IS. These people are now trying

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to survive on a patch of wasteland outside the regional capital. They

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tell stories of horrific violence. She says IS - Daesh, they call it

:18:05.:18:14.

here- attacked her village. This girl says they took her house.

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I don't know where my father is, they tell us. This man's brother was

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one of more 100 men IS killed in the village.

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At first we had no idea what happened to him, but three men were

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released. Visit everyone was being held in a small room and IS was

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torturing and killing them. He recognised his brother in an ice

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as propaganda video. -- Isis propaganda video the video showed

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him being led with nine other villagers to wear a row of bombs had

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been buried. Each man was forced to sit on a

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bomb. The bombs were then detonated. The Afghan army has struck back

:19:05.:19:17.

against IS. It says IS has little support from locals, because it is

:19:18.:19:23.

so barbaric. But, the defence minister warns, eliminating IS in

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Afghanistan will require an international response.

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The key question is that from where I be getting all this funding, and

:19:34.:19:37.

how are they transferring that fund, and how are they putting that money

:19:38.:19:45.

and everything else? Silat is why Afghanistan cannot deal with all

:19:46.:19:48.

these challenges, because it is coming from outside stop it is based

:19:49.:19:52.

on us from outside. This is not the first foreign

:19:53.:19:57.

terrorist organisation to try and establish a base in the mountains of

:19:58.:20:01.

eastern Afghanistan. The Tora Bora cave complex is in the province

:20:02.:20:07.

where IS now operates. And Tora Bora is, of course, were Osama bin Laden.

:20:08.:20:17.

While warning that Afghanistan stronghold

:20:18.:20:20.

its president says the country will fight back against a group

:20:21.:20:24.

Our chief international correspondent Lyse Doucet

:20:25.:20:27.

talked to President Ghani about the emergence of Daesh.

:20:28.:20:29.

I had warned about this in the very beginning of 2015. That, if Al-Qaeda

:20:30.:20:40.

was version one, with all due permits to Microsoft, Daesh was

:20:41.:20:46.

version five. We have, in particularly in the last

:20:47.:20:52.

week, a very significant focused on Daesh and they have inflicted severe

:20:53.:20:58.

damage on them. A BBC team has been into the local

:20:59.:21:02.

capital. Again, because we had to fight a war

:21:03.:21:10.

of survival, we could not focus as we had intended in the early stages.

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Daesh has four stages, orient, organise, decides... We caught them

:21:20.:21:26.

in this stage of decision. And that really puts them on the defensive.

:21:27.:21:30.

Once we are fighting across the country, they had the opportunity.

:21:31.:21:37.

The Taliban was able to penetrate the ring of steel around Kabul. What

:21:38.:21:41.

stops Islamic State from penetrating that ring as well?

:21:42.:21:49.

The difference is that Daesh is alienating the people. To a

:21:50.:21:59.

remarkable degree. In Jalalabad 700 commanders have retired from the

:22:00.:22:09.

army. Their atrocities, their pathological behaviour to capture

:22:10.:22:15.

the news - Daesh is of course making the news and dominating headlines.

:22:16.:22:22.

Of course we have honourable, because both new elements and old

:22:23.:22:29.

elements in combination produce an environment that was full of

:22:30.:22:33.

threats. What needs to be simultaneously understood is that

:22:34.:22:40.

security forces, within a wrote of the short period, have managed to

:22:41.:22:46.

reading the initiative and push them back.

:22:47.:22:50.

A British adventurer who had been attempting to become the first

:22:51.:22:53.

person to cross the Antarctic unsupported has died

:22:54.:22:54.

after suffering complete organ failure.

:22:55.:22:56.

55-year-old Henry Worsley, a former army officer from London,

:22:57.:22:58.

was just 30 miles short of completing his 1000 mile trek.

:22:59.:23:00.

He was attempting to complete Ernest Shackleton's unfinished

:23:01.:23:02.

South Pole expedition of a century ago.

:23:03.:23:04.

Nowhere on Earth is more hostile human life.

:23:05.:23:10.

The icy, vast and dangerous continent of Antarctica.

:23:11.:23:14.

And crossing it, alone and unaided was always going to be

:23:15.:23:17.

So Henry Worsley was trying something no-one had

:23:18.:23:22.

And even this veteran of the SAS and of polar exploration became ill

:23:23.:23:28.

and exhausted, and near his destination he had to give up.

:23:29.:23:33.

After a trek of 900 miles, with just 30 to go, he called

:23:34.:24:01.

He was flown to Chile where doctors found an abdominal infection,

:24:02.:24:08.

and after complete organ failure, he died.

:24:09.:24:12.

Henry Worsley knew the dangers of the polar world.

:24:13.:24:15.

Before a previous expedition he trained in Greenland and seemed

:24:16.:24:20.

to remain calm no matter what happened.

:24:21.:24:24.

Last year he told us what worried him most.

:24:25.:24:33.

The biggest threat will be the weather, and possibly crevasses

:24:34.:24:37.

on the final hundred miles as I come down the Shackleton glacier.

:24:38.:24:42.

His hope was to follow in the footsteps of the great polar

:24:43.:24:45.

explorer Ernest Shackleton, who tried and failed to cross

:24:46.:24:48.

He was distantly related to the captain of

:24:49.:24:53.

There is a reason why these things have not been done before.

:24:54.:25:02.

And going solo, with no resuppy and being an assisted in all shapes

:25:03.:25:12.

and forms, is the purest form, and the hardest form of travel.

:25:13.:25:20.

--unassisted Quite possibly on the surface of the Earth.

:25:21.:25:23.

Only a week ago, he believed he was still on course.

:25:24.:25:27.

With a deadline to meet for a pick-up.

:25:28.:25:34.

His friends, Princes William and Harry said he had

:25:35.:25:39.

And he will be remembered for coming so close to making Antarctic

:25:40.:25:46.

history. The explorer Henry

:25:47.:25:49.

Worsley who has died. The explorer Henry

:25:50.:25:58.

weather is coming next. From myself and the team though, bye-bye.

:25:59.:26:08.

For the time being we have waved goodbye to cold weather, and it is

:26:09.:26:13.

now the turn of the rain this week. Tomorrow things are turning very wet

:26:14.:26:18.

and windy for many of us. The rain

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