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I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News.
Warnings that the Zika virus will spread across most
The mosquito-borne disease is thought to cause devastating
birth defects, impairing brain development in the womb.
The explosive spread of Zika virus to new geographical areas with
little population immunity is another cause for concern.
The US Treasury accuses Russia's President Putin
of corruption, saying he's used his power to amass a secret
fortune - a special report coming up.
Officials in the eastern United States caution that days
of disruption lie ahead before life returns to normal.
And British explorer, Henry Worsley, dies after falling just short
of making an historic solo crossing of Antarctica.
The World Health Organisation is warning that the mosquito-borne
Zika virus - suspected of causing brain damage to thousands of babies
in Brazil - could spread to nearly all countries in the Americas.
Canada and Chile are the only countries thought to be safe.
There is no treatment or vaccine available,
and some countries have advised women not to get pregnant.
Wyre Davies sent this report from Rio de Janiero.
Cared for and loved as much as any other child.
But an increasing number of babies in Brazil are being born
with a condition that will affect them for the rest of their lives.
Microcephaly is driving fear into the hearts of thousands
In many cases, mothers may not be aware of it until the baby is born.
Gentle physiotherapy helps to stimulate developmental problems
While some physical effects, like smaller than average head size,
may be obvious, some specialists say it is just the tip of the iceberg.
IN PORTUGESE: Microcephaly and head abnormalities are just one extreme.
pregnancies in the seventh or eighth month, there can be other
consequences, such as visual or audio impairment,
or even cognitive challenges, which will only become
But I repeat, microcephaly is just one extreme.
Chief suspect is the Zika virus, spread by mosquitoes.
With the health system already under strain,
Brazil has the added pressure of preparing
for big set-piece global events, like this year's Olympic Games.
While some countries have issued very strict travel advice,
the real question is whether Brazil itself
This is a favela right on the edge of the Olympic Park,
with open sewers and lots of stagnant water, perfect
But all the authorities have said they might do is fumigate these
This house was demolished and now I am left with this standing pool
of water, risking Zika and dengue fever, says this woman who has lived
They haven't given us any information about how to prevent
Zika, except to put on insect repellent.
Brazil may not be at fault for the arrival of Zika,
nor its spread throughout the continent.
But with appalling levels of public citation and a critical year ahead,
--sanitation this is developing into a major public health crisis.
So what causes the devastating Zika virus, who's most at risk,
Here's our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh.
If infected with the Zika virus, it can pass it to humans
It is the same mosquito which also spreads
The Zika virus was identified way back in 1947 in Uganda.
But until a few months ago, the Zika virus was not thought to be
80% of those infected had no symptoms.
In the rest, it can cause a mild fever and
headaches, and a skin rash is common.
As is conjunctivitis - red, sore eyes.
Well, in less than a year, it has spread
from Mexico, the Caribbean, to South America.
There, doctors believe it represents a major health
threat to women infected in the early stages of pregnancy.
They think Zika may cause a normally rare
condition in infants born with unusually small heads
The only serious risk to public health is for pregnant women.
Pregnant women, if they get infected, they can get the virus.
So pregnant women should consider very seriously
whether to travel to places where there is a Zika
Zika is quite unlike the deadly Ebola virus which has killed more
Ebola is highly contagious, whereas Zika does not pass
This is not Ebola, this is a disease which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
So it will only be a problem in eras weather is this same mosquito
But like Ebola it is an infectious disease, and it is a crisis
It is too cold in the UK for the mosquito which carries
the Zika virus, so this is not a health risk here.
But global health officials believe that in time it will spread
to many more countries, including parts of the United States.
The US Treasury has told a BBC investigation that it considers
the Russian leader, Vladimir Putin, to be corrupt.
Though the American Government has already imposed sanctions on Kremlin
insiders, it's thought to be the first time they've directly
private finances and spoke to those who say they have inside knowledge
Richard Bilton has this exclusive report.
Vladimir Putin's secrets can be found beyond Russia's borders. In
Estonia, there is a man who fled Russia after falling out with
Kremlin insiders. He says he helped Putin collect money from Russia's
super-rich. They thought it was for the nation's health care. So where
are these oligarchs affectively just paying tribute to Vladimir Putin?
I think this is exactly what they thought.
This man says some of the cash was diverted and ended up with Putin.
This is a recording of him talking to a Kremlin insider. They are
discussing $440 million of investment, belonging to Putin. They
refer to him using a nickname, Mikhail Ivanovich.
Then their's Britain's most famous Russian- Chelsea owner Roman
Abramovich. He allegedly gave Putin a $35 million yacht like this one.
High, Dmitri, I'm Richard. This man told me he helped to manage
the yacht. Dmitri was transferred to an offshore company, but the real
owner was President Putin. This yacht was maintained...
Why would that be kept secret? We asked Mr Abramovich about the
yacht, bit his lawyers dismissed creams about him as speculation and
rumours. The US Treasury has gone public with
its view about Putin, they claim he is corrupt.
He draws a salary or something like a dollars a year. That is not an
accurate statement of the man's well. He has long time training in
practices of how to mask his actual wealth.
It's like Putin corrupt? In our view, yes.
President Putin denies all the allegations of corruption. His
spokesman said the issues we had raised were pure fiction. But with
some of the world's most powerful men already linked to manager, use
also went to corruption on an extra ordinary scale.
You can see the full investigation on tonight's Panorama,
The clean up operation is well underway in America after one
of the most severe winter storms ever recorded.
More than 22 inches of snow paralysed Washington, while 20
inches fell in New York. Snowploughs have been working
to clear main roads. The authorities say it could take
days before they reach In Washington, government buildings
are still closed and in New York, although the ban on travel has been
lifted, most of schools remain shut. 1500 flights were
cancelled on Monday. Michael abuse in the capital.
It is Monday, the clearly not business as usual. I am in the deep
in snow, three days after the snow hit. According to advisers, it could
take several more days before the side roads are clear. The city is
still in a state of emergency. We are working very hard today to
get DC open for tomorrow. We would like to get our schools open. We
working very hard to understand what habitation will be available.
The roads are being cleared, but the promise would you put the snow? A
lot is being dumped in car parks, the river and on the local football
stadium down the road. But this here is going to have to stay put until
the temperatures rise and it melts. And that could take a very long
time. Even in the dead of winter, the
White House is usually packed. But today, you can't even get close.
White House is usually packed. But fact, most of the city's attractions
are completely closed. Although tourists seem to be making the most
of it. Just putting lots layers. I have
of it. 40 on, stockings underneath. --
thermal on. We had to sleigh ride down the
Lincoln Memorial steps, that was fun.
How long did you manage that for? We were there for about an hour.
Did they move on? No, we were there for about an hour.
It is not often you get the chance to walk down the middle
It is not often you get the chance city's Main Street. But although
this road is clear, no winners here to use it. The city is now asking
for major federal funding, extra cash, to bring the nation's capital
back online. The extreme weather is particularly
bad news for homeless people. David P Jones is president
of the homeless charity the Bowery Mission,
based in Manhattan. He says the bad weather has placed
big demands an existing services. The challenge of many more people
coming in, normally at 50% increase on the publishing we normally serve.
In the normal course we serve about 400,000 meals a year. It could be
upwards of 1000 a day. In the course of the last two max days, that
number has taped up per meal.
A 50% increase, are you able to cope without?
We have capacity, but it is all hands. One of the key factors is
that our cupboards soon become bare. So we are all looking for donations
of food and the like. So we were full up and preparing for the storm
with the large groups coming through.
So now we are trying to restock. It must have been a challenge to get
volunteers in the right places at the right times?
It is. We work with almost 6000 volunteers through the course of a
year. We have a lot of friends to call on, so we were able
year. We have a lot of friends to 18 to come in. So we had the
resources on the ground. To make it work smoothly.
You said more people were coming in for your services. I using it take
something best bad, and that people would have been on the streets
otherwise? It's interesting, we invite one and
all to come will stop we have overnight shelter capacity as well
as the meals we serve. The temperature drops below 40
Fahrenheit, we opened up all night long and happy drop-in centre during
the day. But when it is not blizzard conditions, we might see anywhere
around 100 people a day in the drop-in centre for overnight
shelter, 200 -ish for a particular meal. Suddenly, people that might
otherwise have stayed out come in. In a blizzard, we have literally 27
inches of snow on the ground, very dangerous to be out. And people were
thankfully coming in but would not otherwise have come in.
President Ashraf Ghani of Afghanistan has told the BBC
that the Islamic State militant group will be
A year on from the end of the Nato combat mission in Afghanstan,
so-called Islamic State has been taking swathes of territory
It has claimed them as a new province of what it calls
the "caliphate" that it has already declared in areas of Syria and Iraq.
Our South Asia Correspondent, Justin Rowlatt, reports
The propaganda images are all too familiar. But these pictures were
not shot in the Islamic state stronghold of Syria and Iraq. But
more than 1500 miles away in the mountains of eastern Afghanistan. IS
has seized territory in three districts and has struck within an
hour of carpool. Carpool. The police acknowledge it is only a
matter of time before IS attacks the city and the threat is not just here
in Afghanistan. The Pentagon analysis is clear, it
says IS is openly fighting the Taliban to create a safe even in the
mountains in the east of the country, potentially a second
stronghold to launch attacks across the world.
So how serious a threat is IS in Afghanistan? To answer that, you
need to read Kabul. And I as commander has agreed to talk to an
Afghan colleague. The ragtag bunch of fighters he
meets isn't nearly as impressive as the propaganda videos.
This man struggles to assemble his AK-47. But they do talk the talk.
You must fight to the bitter end, he says.
These are disaffected former Taliban who now want to fight a global jihad
under the black light of IS. The commander says the plan more
attacks. At the moment we exist in three
provinces, but we only fight in one. In the others, we are awaiting
orders from our leader. Then we will fight.
We understand IS has hundreds, if not thousands, of fighters. It is
not a huge force, but enough to bring mayhem and misery -- hundreds,
not thousands. These are just a few of the hundreds
of families driven from their homes by IS. These people are now trying
to survive on a patch of wasteland outside the regional capital. They
tell stories of horrific violence. She says IS - Daesh, they call it
here- attacked her village. This girl says they took her house.
I don't know where my father is, they tell us. This man's brother was
one of more 100 men IS killed in the village.
At first we had no idea what happened to him, but three men were
released. Visit everyone was being held in a small room and IS was
torturing and killing them. He recognised his brother in an ice
as propaganda video. -- Isis propaganda video the video showed
him being led with nine other villagers to wear a row of bombs had
been buried. Each man was forced to sit on a
bomb. The bombs were then detonated. The Afghan army has struck back
against IS. It says IS has little support from locals, because it is
so barbaric. But, the defence minister warns, eliminating IS in
Afghanistan will require an international response.
The key question is that from where I be getting all this funding, and
how are they transferring that fund, and how are they putting that money
and everything else? Silat is why Afghanistan cannot deal with all
these challenges, because it is coming from outside stop it is based
on us from outside. This is not the first foreign
terrorist organisation to try and establish a base in the mountains of
eastern Afghanistan. The Tora Bora cave complex is in the province
where IS now operates. And Tora Bora is, of course, were Osama bin Laden.
While warning that Afghanistan stronghold
its president says the country will fight back against a group
Our chief international correspondent Lyse Doucet
talked to President Ghani about the emergence of Daesh.
I had warned about this in the very beginning of 2015. That, if Al-Qaeda
was version one, with all due permits to Microsoft, Daesh was
version five. We have, in particularly in the last
week, a very significant focused on Daesh and they have inflicted severe
damage on them. A BBC team has been into the local
capital. Again, because we had to fight a war
of survival, we could not focus as we had intended in the early stages.
Daesh has four stages, orient, organise, decides... We caught them
in this stage of decision. And that really puts them on the defensive.
Once we are fighting across the country, they had the opportunity.
The Taliban was able to penetrate the ring of steel around Kabul. What
stops Islamic State from penetrating that ring as well?
The difference is that Daesh is alienating the people. To a
remarkable degree. In Jalalabad 700 commanders have retired from the
army. Their atrocities, their pathological behaviour to capture
the news - Daesh is of course making the news and dominating headlines.
Of course we have honourable, because both new elements and old
elements in combination produce an environment that was full of
threats. What needs to be simultaneously understood is that
security forces, within a wrote of the short period, have managed to
reading the initiative and push them back.
A British adventurer who had been attempting to become the first
person to cross the Antarctic unsupported has died
after suffering complete organ failure.
55-year-old Henry Worsley, a former army officer from London,
was just 30 miles short of completing his 1000 mile trek.
He was attempting to complete Ernest Shackleton's unfinished
South Pole expedition of a century ago.
Nowhere on Earth is more hostile human life.
The icy, vast and dangerous continent of Antarctica.
And crossing it, alone and unaided was always going to be
So Henry Worsley was trying something no-one had
And even this veteran of the SAS and of polar exploration became ill
and exhausted, and near his destination he had to give up.
After a trek of 900 miles, with just 30 to go, he called
He was flown to Chile where doctors found an abdominal infection,
and after complete organ failure, he died.
Henry Worsley knew the dangers of the polar world.
Before a previous expedition he trained in Greenland and seemed
to remain calm no matter what happened.
Last year he told us what worried him most.
The biggest threat will be the weather, and possibly crevasses
on the final hundred miles as I come down the Shackleton glacier.
His hope was to follow in the footsteps of the great polar
explorer Ernest Shackleton, who tried and failed to cross
He was distantly related to the captain of
There is a reason why these things have not been done before.
And going solo, with no resuppy and being an assisted in all shapes
and forms, is the purest form, and the hardest form of travel.
--unassisted Quite possibly on the surface of the Earth.
Only a week ago, he believed he was still on course.
With a deadline to meet for a pick-up.
His friends, Princes William and Harry said he had
And he will be remembered for coming so close to making Antarctic
history. The explorer Henry
Worsley who has died. The explorer Henry
weather is coming next. From myself and the team though, bye-bye.
For the time being we have waved goodbye to cold weather, and it is
now the turn of the rain this week. Tomorrow things are turning very wet
and windy for many of us. The rain