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the world health organisation sees Zika virus needs a response.
US presidential hopefuls make their final pitches
I'll happily test on the campaign and Iowa.
The culinary world reels from the apparent suicide of one
We'll discuss the industry's pressures.
The World Health Organisation has been meeting to discuss
The world health organisation has the clear and Zika virus I global
emergency. It said a coordinated response was needed. After a review
of the evidence the committee advised that it constitutes an extra
ordinarily invent and a public health threat to other parts of the
world. In The View a coordinated international response is needed to
minimise the threat and reduce the rescue. Members of the committee
agree that the situation meets the conditions of a public health
concern. I have accepted this advice. I am now declaring that the
recent cluster of abnormalities reported in Latin America following
a similar cluster in 2014 constitutes a public health concern.
A very alarming sounding declaration.
What does this mean? This puts it in the same class as Ebola. The whole
point is to get research going to fast track it.
It is a key priority for the countries involved to tackle this
condition. You mentioned Ebola. There was
criticism of the world health organisation after the outbreak at
the time it took for that to become an emergency.
The Dr was talking about how now is not the time to weights.
We need a lot more research but she said it is important that all of
this cause I head now even with the uncertainties.
She said it was a strongly suspected link that it had not yet been
proven. In terms of how many countries are
affected did they get a sense of how it is predicted to spread?
We have heard before from the world health organisation that it is
expecting most of the Americas to encounter this virus. It is spread
by mosquitoes. There are 20 countries at the moment reporting
cases of this infection. The advice at the moment for pregnant women is
that these should think about whether they should be travelling to
these areas, seek medical advice, and cover up and protect themselves.
More than 20 countries in the Americas are trying to fight disease
macro. Brazil is the worst affected country.
Our Science Editor, David Shukman, has sent this report from Recife
A young woman four months pregnant has just heard she may be infected
An agonising glimpse into a nightmare here
Another pregnant woman who asked us not to show her face says
This woman has red eyes - a typical symptom of the Zika virus.
She is due to give birth in two months' time and she is waiting
I am feeling worried, she says, because she has aches
and a rash which are also indicators of the virus.
And what makes everyone here more anxious is the uncertainty.
What's so disturbing about what's happening here is that women
are turning up with a lot of highly personal, very pressing questions
Above all, what damage can Zika virus do to their babies?
The painful moment when test results are handed out.
Evidence is growing that the virus is to blame for deforming babies'
brains but it's not certain so there's no way
When you see the ultrasound has something wrong you have
to tell her and then you know that after you tell her she will ask
If the children will walk, will hear properly, will see
Like several thousand babies in Brazil, this baby was born
with a small brain and unless she is rocked all the time
The mother, Michaela, is clearly overwhelmed.
It is not the moment to get pregnant, she says.
So far nobody knows where the virus comes from.
All this adds to the urgency of killing the mosquitoes that
But reaching them is difficult so from today officials
have a new power, to break into homes if they need to.
So the authorities are harnessing the Carnival spirit.
A mosquito costume raises awareness of the dangers.
Anything to get people to join the fight against the insects.
All day as Michaela rocks her baby she worries about how
This glance shows that there is some brain function.
But no one can tell how this crisis will unfold.
Let us stay in Brazil. Brazil facing the brunt of the Zika virus. Any
reaction to the declaration by the world health organisation. This is
welcome because it will get the attention and the funding perhaps to
develop a vaccine for the virus. This is a 2-pronged attack. The
eradication of mosquitoes is a must and that is happening in many areas.
It is difficult in a country where the species of mosquito is
widespread. The next thing is try and develop a vaccine against them
by this itself. International efforts, international cooperation
and finance is very important in that regard because of putting at
least one year, possibly five years to develop a vaccine. The other
least one year, possibly five years slightly good news for Brazil is
that despite this dramatic declaration of an international
health emergency there was no further travel advisory people not
to come to Brazil. We have got Carnival now and the Olympic Games
later on this year in Rio de Janeiro. Of course there is travel
advice already out there. Pregnant women and women wishing to get
pregnant. Finally it is important to point out that 4000 suspected cases
in Brazil but only 300 confirmed cases. They are still going through
the process of looking at the other suspected cases to see Ed they are
also -- to see if they are verified. I do.
US presidential hopefuls are making their final pitches
to people in the state of Iowa, where the first votes for party
nominations will take place later on Monday.
Polls suggest that Republican Donald Trump has a narrow lead over
Ted Cruz, but both are well ahead of the others.
The Democratic race is slightly tighter, with former US Secretary
The great thing about Iowa is that it is so traditional.
It is a state as wedded to its political dos and don'ts
Or to its small towns where nothing seems to change from one election
This election Donald Trump has defied all the Iowa norms
He travels the state by private jet with his name screaming
He whizzed into the state's biggest political gathering in a helicopter.
And then most cardinal of all Cardinal sins,
And once again his approval ratings went up.
What is this - an abusive relationship?
So the question is have Iowans just discovered their inner New York
billionaire or have they concluded that the state of the country
is so miserable that they are going to take the rule book and toss it
Because when they are not flirting with the Donald they are
Bernie Sanders' politics are the opposite of Trump's
How has a grumpy self declared socialist who doesn't even talk
about his faith done well in this conservative heartland?
This Government belongs to all of us not just a handful of billionaires.
To many Americans, advocating free health care and free college tuition
as Bernie Sanders does is as extreme as telling Europeans that
In a normal election it would simply be outlandish.
I see conservatives that are drawn to him and his ideas basically
I like how he is not taking any money from billionaires or anybody
On Monday Iowa will tell us whether political norms really have
been upended in America or if politics as normal
Let's speak to our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue who is in
How are the Paul's looking? We have had another survey in the last 24
hours that has on the Republican side Donald Trump I haired on 31% of
the vote versus 24% for Ted Cruz. -- Donald Trump ahead on 31%. It is not
much of a lead 20 take into account the margin of error but it is
something of a lead. On the Democratic side the latest survey
has Bernie Sanders ahead by three points. That puts the survey the day
before that had Hillary Clinton the points I haired. That is within the
margin of error so they are neck and neck. -- Hillary Clinton ahead.
Apparently she delivered coffee and doughnuts to her campaign team and
she wants to get the vortex later. Donald Trump was at a rally and he
did normal speech. He did his two of the things he hates. Then he said it
is important to get out to vote, even if you cannot walk, if you are
sick, go and vote. That is has advice for tonight. We will wait for
the voting to begin. This begins in about five hours' time and then it
takes three hours and the results will pour in where precinct by
precinct 1700 is little meetings around the country, we will see who
comes out on top. That will shape the race and the way it goes on to
the rest of the primary is, New Hampshire, Nevada.
And you can get much more on the Iowa caucuses
Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, gives his take on the unpredictable
race taking place at the Iowa caucuses -
He says it is not so much retail politics as market stall politics.
That's at BBC.com/news or use the BBC News app.
Britain is the first country to approve the process of Jean editing.
Critics say it is the first stage towards designer babies. -- gene
editing. Now scientists can alter it
genetically. Researchers will be using the needed embryos left over
from IVF. I find it frustrating that I never
had answers as to why I kept miscarrying. This research had come
earlier and could have helped me provide answers it could have saved
a lot of heartache. This is a five-day-old embryo. Already the
sales are starting to differentiate. Scientists will edit the genes which
will go on to form the foetus but who will be do it? Gene editing is
cheap and accessible. It scans DNA, reading the called, looking for the
error. It uses molecular scissors to snip through both strands switching
of the faulty gene or enabling a healthy copy to be inserted. Both
techniques can treat or cure diseases, potentially. For some this
is the slippery slope which will lead to designer humans. In fact
gene editing is ready being used to change all types of life and that
may raise more pressing concerns. It has huge ramifications on the
environment in terms of insects, animals and plants. Ramifications as
to how you develop biological weapons. That is what you should
concentrate on. Designer babies has not happened and it will not happen
in the near future. It may take years before this research leads to
better fertility treatments that across all areas of science gene
editing is promising major advances. Improving human health is just a
part of fats. -- part of that. With me is Dr David King,
director of Human Genetics I do not have a problem with this
particular research. My concern is it is the first step on a process
that has already been mapped out towards the creation of genetically
modified designer babies. My previous guest said the slippery
slope is there but if you are willing to rate fruit where you do
not have too feared that in that footwear is regulation. That
metaphor always gets used. It is not an adequate metaphor. It implies
that something passive is going on. There are thousands of people
employed to constantly push us down that slope. The regulator, I do not
think it deserves to be called a regulator. That is the British
regulator. That does not deserve to be called at regulator. It never
sees no. It is an approval body. It acts as a cheerleader for every tech
dollar G. Like a lot of regulators it has been captured by the industry
that it regulates. I am sure that if the regulator was hugely speak for
itself it would refute what you are saying strongly but what about this
question of understanding what goes wrong in so many embryos, why they
do not come to fruition, why so any IVF treatments feel? And that
knowledge that we heard about in that report. People seeking answers.
Why do you want to stop that? I do not have a problem with this
particular piece of research what worries me is the next thing that
would be researched with the designed specifically to improve
techniques retreating embryos with a few to creating babies and there but
the proposal before Parliament. Already in 2014 it was oche to have
the patent embryos. You have only decided that as oche to genetically
change human genes so that is what we are going to be told then. The
problem is that we are likely to keep on. In the meantime surely you
are denying developments that have so much potential in a positive
sense. I am not denying that this particular research. But 25 years of
experience of watching how the scientific establishment works how
the industries and the radiators work, I have never seen a case where
the regulator said stop there you cannot do that. It does not happen.
Thank you. The United Nations' special envoy
for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, is holding talks with the main
opposition umbrella group. Representatives of the the
Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee arrived at the hotel
in Geneva where Mr de Mistura, is trying to launch indirect peace
talks between the Syrian Government The opposition group is demanding
that the Government lift sieges on rebel-held towns,
allows in aid, ends air strikes, Now a look at some of
the day's other news. A British woman, who took her
14-month-old son to Syria to join the Islamic State group,
has been jailed for six years. Tareena Shakil sent messages
to her family, insisting she wanted to die a martyr, and allowed her
toddler to pose for photographs, 20 people are reported to have died
in a suicide bombing in Afghanistan. the English club, Manchester City
have pulled off the biggest deal, but it's for a manager,
not a player. The highly-regarded Bayern Munich
manager, Pep Guardiola will become their new head coach
at the end of the season still in the race
for four trophies. The Chef Benoit Violier,
whose Swiss restaurant was named the best in the world in December,
has been found dead at his home. Mr Violier, who was 44,
ran the Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville in Crissier,
near the city of Lausanne. It earned three Michelin stars
and came top in France's La Liste ranking of the world's
1,000 best eateries. Swiss police said Mr Violier,
who was born in France, With me is restaurant critic
and food writer Andy Hayler, who's eaten recently
at the Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville, while Monsieur
Violier was Head Chef. A tragic story. How good a chef was
he. He was very good. He to go over from another famous chef. That
restaurant has a great history. The two meals I have had there are some
of the best I have ever eaten. I have been to every three star
Michelin restaurant in the world. He was at the top of his game. He
served fantastic flawless classical cuisine. It is a great shame
obviously for the industry and for his wife and their son as well. The
process of achieving three Michelin stars is quite something. There are
only 100 people who have achieved that in the world. Not just to get
to that stage but arguably ranked at the very top of that is quite
remarkable achievement. We cannot speculate about his individual
circumstances but what about the pressures of cooking at that sort of
level? The profession is tough and people work long hours. Financial
pressures, customers and so on. Who knows what happened in this
particular case. But it does put a lot of pressure on people. It is a
high-pressure job. Is there a sense that if our chef is feeling immense
pressure they are not in a position to let anyone else around them know
about it? That is true of any leadership position. If you are a
chief executive officer or a general you are supposed to be in charge and
not showing any signs of weakness to others. And in terms of a legacy to
the world of food he would you diss fine him -- who would you define
him? He was at the top. It is a restaurant but I had a fantastic
time is at. He will be remembered and sadly missed. Thank you.