01/02/2016 World News Today


01/02/2016

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the world health organisation sees Zika virus needs a response.

:00:21.:00:30.

US presidential hopefuls make their final pitches

:00:31.:00:34.

I'll happily test on the campaign and Iowa.

:00:35.:00:56.

The culinary world reels from the apparent suicide of one

:00:57.:00:58.

We'll discuss the industry's pressures.

:00:59.:01:11.

The World Health Organisation has been meeting to discuss

:01:12.:01:21.

The world health organisation has the clear and Zika virus I global

:01:22.:01:32.

emergency. It said a coordinated response was needed. After a review

:01:33.:01:47.

of the evidence the committee advised that it constitutes an extra

:01:48.:01:54.

ordinarily invent and a public health threat to other parts of the

:01:55.:02:01.

world. In The View a coordinated international response is needed to

:02:02.:02:08.

minimise the threat and reduce the rescue. Members of the committee

:02:09.:02:13.

agree that the situation meets the conditions of a public health

:02:14.:02:22.

concern. I have accepted this advice. I am now declaring that the

:02:23.:02:31.

recent cluster of abnormalities reported in Latin America following

:02:32.:02:40.

a similar cluster in 2014 constitutes a public health concern.

:02:41.:02:52.

A very alarming sounding declaration.

:02:53.:02:57.

What does this mean? This puts it in the same class as Ebola. The whole

:02:58.:03:09.

point is to get research going to fast track it.

:03:10.:03:17.

It is a key priority for the countries involved to tackle this

:03:18.:03:22.

condition. You mentioned Ebola. There was

:03:23.:03:28.

criticism of the world health organisation after the outbreak at

:03:29.:03:32.

the time it took for that to become an emergency.

:03:33.:03:42.

The Dr was talking about how now is not the time to weights.

:03:43.:03:52.

We need a lot more research but she said it is important that all of

:03:53.:04:01.

this cause I head now even with the uncertainties.

:04:02.:04:05.

She said it was a strongly suspected link that it had not yet been

:04:06.:04:07.

proven. In terms of how many countries are

:04:08.:04:12.

affected did they get a sense of how it is predicted to spread?

:04:13.:04:19.

We have heard before from the world health organisation that it is

:04:20.:04:23.

expecting most of the Americas to encounter this virus. It is spread

:04:24.:04:28.

by mosquitoes. There are 20 countries at the moment reporting

:04:29.:04:35.

cases of this infection. The advice at the moment for pregnant women is

:04:36.:04:40.

that these should think about whether they should be travelling to

:04:41.:04:46.

these areas, seek medical advice, and cover up and protect themselves.

:04:47.:04:54.

More than 20 countries in the Americas are trying to fight disease

:04:55.:05:02.

macro. Brazil is the worst affected country.

:05:03.:05:05.

Our Science Editor, David Shukman, has sent this report from Recife

:05:06.:05:09.

A young woman four months pregnant has just heard she may be infected

:05:10.:05:12.

An agonising glimpse into a nightmare here

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Another pregnant woman who asked us not to show her face says

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This woman has red eyes - a typical symptom of the Zika virus.

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She is due to give birth in two months' time and she is waiting

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I am feeling worried, she says, because she has aches

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and a rash which are also indicators of the virus.

:05:48.:05:53.

And what makes everyone here more anxious is the uncertainty.

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What's so disturbing about what's happening here is that women

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are turning up with a lot of highly personal, very pressing questions

:06:00.:06:02.

Above all, what damage can Zika virus do to their babies?

:06:03.:06:09.

The painful moment when test results are handed out.

:06:10.:06:14.

Evidence is growing that the virus is to blame for deforming babies'

:06:15.:06:18.

brains but it's not certain so there's no way

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When you see the ultrasound has something wrong you have

:06:21.:06:31.

to tell her and then you know that after you tell her she will ask

:06:32.:06:35.

If the children will walk, will hear properly, will see

:06:36.:06:42.

Like several thousand babies in Brazil, this baby was born

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with a small brain and unless she is rocked all the time

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The mother, Michaela, is clearly overwhelmed.

:06:56.:07:05.

It is not the moment to get pregnant, she says.

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So far nobody knows where the virus comes from.

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All this adds to the urgency of killing the mosquitoes that

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But reaching them is difficult so from today officials

:07:13.:07:19.

have a new power, to break into homes if they need to.

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So the authorities are harnessing the Carnival spirit.

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A mosquito costume raises awareness of the dangers.

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Anything to get people to join the fight against the insects.

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All day as Michaela rocks her baby she worries about how

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This glance shows that there is some brain function.

:07:46.:07:52.

But no one can tell how this crisis will unfold.

:07:53.:08:09.

Let us stay in Brazil. Brazil facing the brunt of the Zika virus. Any

:08:10.:08:20.

reaction to the declaration by the world health organisation. This is

:08:21.:08:24.

welcome because it will get the attention and the funding perhaps to

:08:25.:08:28.

develop a vaccine for the virus. This is a 2-pronged attack. The

:08:29.:08:33.

eradication of mosquitoes is a must and that is happening in many areas.

:08:34.:08:39.

It is difficult in a country where the species of mosquito is

:08:40.:08:45.

widespread. The next thing is try and develop a vaccine against them

:08:46.:08:50.

by this itself. International efforts, international cooperation

:08:51.:08:53.

and finance is very important in that regard because of putting at

:08:54.:08:57.

least one year, possibly five years to develop a vaccine. The other

:08:58.:09:01.

least one year, possibly five years slightly good news for Brazil is

:09:02.:09:04.

that despite this dramatic declaration of an international

:09:05.:09:07.

health emergency there was no further travel advisory people not

:09:08.:09:13.

to come to Brazil. We have got Carnival now and the Olympic Games

:09:14.:09:16.

later on this year in Rio de Janeiro. Of course there is travel

:09:17.:09:25.

advice already out there. Pregnant women and women wishing to get

:09:26.:09:32.

pregnant. Finally it is important to point out that 4000 suspected cases

:09:33.:09:37.

in Brazil but only 300 confirmed cases. They are still going through

:09:38.:09:42.

the process of looking at the other suspected cases to see Ed they are

:09:43.:09:51.

also -- to see if they are verified. I do.

:09:52.:09:57.

US presidential hopefuls are making their final pitches

:09:58.:09:59.

to people in the state of Iowa, where the first votes for party

:10:00.:10:02.

nominations will take place later on Monday.

:10:03.:10:04.

Polls suggest that Republican Donald Trump has a narrow lead over

:10:05.:10:06.

Ted Cruz, but both are well ahead of the others.

:10:07.:10:09.

The Democratic race is slightly tighter, with former US Secretary

:10:10.:10:15.

The great thing about Iowa is that it is so traditional.

:10:16.:10:27.

It is a state as wedded to its political dos and don'ts

:10:28.:10:32.

Or to its small towns where nothing seems to change from one election

:10:33.:10:37.

This election Donald Trump has defied all the Iowa norms

:10:38.:10:58.

He travels the state by private jet with his name screaming

:10:59.:11:05.

He whizzed into the state's biggest political gathering in a helicopter.

:11:06.:11:13.

And then most cardinal of all Cardinal sins,

:11:14.:11:30.

And once again his approval ratings went up.

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What is this - an abusive relationship?

:11:37.:11:39.

So the question is have Iowans just discovered their inner New York

:11:40.:11:42.

billionaire or have they concluded that the state of the country

:11:43.:11:45.

is so miserable that they are going to take the rule book and toss it

:11:46.:11:48.

Because when they are not flirting with the Donald they are

:11:49.:11:52.

Bernie Sanders' politics are the opposite of Trump's

:11:53.:12:05.

How has a grumpy self declared socialist who doesn't even talk

:12:06.:12:08.

about his faith done well in this conservative heartland?

:12:09.:12:13.

This Government belongs to all of us not just a handful of billionaires.

:12:14.:12:23.

To many Americans, advocating free health care and free college tuition

:12:24.:12:28.

as Bernie Sanders does is as extreme as telling Europeans that

:12:29.:12:30.

In a normal election it would simply be outlandish.

:12:31.:12:35.

I see conservatives that are drawn to him and his ideas basically

:12:36.:12:48.

I like how he is not taking any money from billionaires or anybody

:12:49.:13:01.

On Monday Iowa will tell us whether political norms really have

:13:02.:13:11.

been upended in America or if politics as normal

:13:12.:13:13.

Let's speak to our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue who is in

:13:14.:13:16.

How are the Paul's looking? We have had another survey in the last 24

:13:17.:13:27.

hours that has on the Republican side Donald Trump I haired on 31% of

:13:28.:13:39.

the vote versus 24% for Ted Cruz. -- Donald Trump ahead on 31%. It is not

:13:40.:13:46.

much of a lead 20 take into account the margin of error but it is

:13:47.:13:50.

something of a lead. On the Democratic side the latest survey

:13:51.:13:54.

has Bernie Sanders ahead by three points. That puts the survey the day

:13:55.:14:01.

before that had Hillary Clinton the points I haired. That is within the

:14:02.:14:04.

margin of error so they are neck and neck. -- Hillary Clinton ahead.

:14:05.:14:14.

Apparently she delivered coffee and doughnuts to her campaign team and

:14:15.:14:19.

she wants to get the vortex later. Donald Trump was at a rally and he

:14:20.:14:24.

did normal speech. He did his two of the things he hates. Then he said it

:14:25.:14:32.

is important to get out to vote, even if you cannot walk, if you are

:14:33.:14:38.

sick, go and vote. That is has advice for tonight. We will wait for

:14:39.:14:43.

the voting to begin. This begins in about five hours' time and then it

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takes three hours and the results will pour in where precinct by

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precinct 1700 is little meetings around the country, we will see who

:14:53.:14:59.

comes out on top. That will shape the race and the way it goes on to

:15:00.:15:03.

the rest of the primary is, New Hampshire, Nevada.

:15:04.:15:13.

And you can get much more on the Iowa caucuses

:15:14.:15:22.

Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, gives his take on the unpredictable

:15:23.:15:25.

race taking place at the Iowa caucuses -

:15:26.:15:27.

He says it is not so much retail politics as market stall politics.

:15:28.:15:30.

That's at BBC.com/news or use the BBC News app.

:15:31.:15:46.

Britain is the first country to approve the process of Jean editing.

:15:47.:15:55.

Critics say it is the first stage towards designer babies. -- gene

:15:56.:16:04.

editing. Now scientists can alter it

:16:05.:16:13.

genetically. Researchers will be using the needed embryos left over

:16:14.:16:18.

from IVF. I find it frustrating that I never

:16:19.:16:54.

had answers as to why I kept miscarrying. This research had come

:16:55.:16:57.

earlier and could have helped me provide answers it could have saved

:16:58.:17:05.

a lot of heartache. This is a five-day-old embryo. Already the

:17:06.:17:09.

sales are starting to differentiate. Scientists will edit the genes which

:17:10.:17:15.

will go on to form the foetus but who will be do it? Gene editing is

:17:16.:17:28.

cheap and accessible. It scans DNA, reading the called, looking for the

:17:29.:17:33.

error. It uses molecular scissors to snip through both strands switching

:17:34.:17:40.

of the faulty gene or enabling a healthy copy to be inserted. Both

:17:41.:17:46.

techniques can treat or cure diseases, potentially. For some this

:17:47.:17:52.

is the slippery slope which will lead to designer humans. In fact

:17:53.:17:59.

gene editing is ready being used to change all types of life and that

:18:00.:18:03.

may raise more pressing concerns. It has huge ramifications on the

:18:04.:18:09.

environment in terms of insects, animals and plants. Ramifications as

:18:10.:18:12.

to how you develop biological weapons. That is what you should

:18:13.:18:21.

concentrate on. Designer babies has not happened and it will not happen

:18:22.:18:26.

in the near future. It may take years before this research leads to

:18:27.:18:30.

better fertility treatments that across all areas of science gene

:18:31.:18:35.

editing is promising major advances. Improving human health is just a

:18:36.:18:36.

part of fats. -- part of that. With me is Dr David King,

:18:37.:18:43.

director of Human Genetics I do not have a problem with this

:18:44.:18:54.

particular research. My concern is it is the first step on a process

:18:55.:18:58.

that has already been mapped out towards the creation of genetically

:18:59.:19:02.

modified designer babies. My previous guest said the slippery

:19:03.:19:07.

slope is there but if you are willing to rate fruit where you do

:19:08.:19:13.

not have too feared that in that footwear is regulation. That

:19:14.:19:16.

metaphor always gets used. It is not an adequate metaphor. It implies

:19:17.:19:23.

that something passive is going on. There are thousands of people

:19:24.:19:25.

employed to constantly push us down that slope. The regulator, I do not

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think it deserves to be called a regulator. That is the British

:19:34.:19:36.

regulator. That does not deserve to be called at regulator. It never

:19:37.:19:43.

sees no. It is an approval body. It acts as a cheerleader for every tech

:19:44.:19:48.

dollar G. Like a lot of regulators it has been captured by the industry

:19:49.:19:54.

that it regulates. I am sure that if the regulator was hugely speak for

:19:55.:19:57.

itself it would refute what you are saying strongly but what about this

:19:58.:20:00.

question of understanding what goes wrong in so many embryos, why they

:20:01.:20:07.

do not come to fruition, why so any IVF treatments feel? And that

:20:08.:20:10.

knowledge that we heard about in that report. People seeking answers.

:20:11.:20:15.

Why do you want to stop that? I do not have a problem with this

:20:16.:20:19.

particular piece of research what worries me is the next thing that

:20:20.:20:22.

would be researched with the designed specifically to improve

:20:23.:20:32.

techniques retreating embryos with a few to creating babies and there but

:20:33.:20:37.

the proposal before Parliament. Already in 2014 it was oche to have

:20:38.:20:43.

the patent embryos. You have only decided that as oche to genetically

:20:44.:20:50.

change human genes so that is what we are going to be told then. The

:20:51.:20:57.

problem is that we are likely to keep on. In the meantime surely you

:20:58.:21:02.

are denying developments that have so much potential in a positive

:21:03.:21:09.

sense. I am not denying that this particular research. But 25 years of

:21:10.:21:14.

experience of watching how the scientific establishment works how

:21:15.:21:17.

the industries and the radiators work, I have never seen a case where

:21:18.:21:23.

the regulator said stop there you cannot do that. It does not happen.

:21:24.:21:25.

Thank you. The United Nations' special envoy

:21:26.:21:29.

for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, is holding talks with the main

:21:30.:21:31.

opposition umbrella group. Representatives of the the

:21:32.:21:33.

Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee arrived at the hotel

:21:34.:21:35.

in Geneva where Mr de Mistura, is trying to launch indirect peace

:21:36.:21:38.

talks between the Syrian Government The opposition group is demanding

:21:39.:21:41.

that the Government lift sieges on rebel-held towns,

:21:42.:21:47.

allows in aid, ends air strikes, Now a look at some of

:21:48.:21:49.

the day's other news. A British woman, who took her

:21:50.:21:57.

14-month-old son to Syria to join the Islamic State group,

:21:58.:22:00.

has been jailed for six years. Tareena Shakil sent messages

:22:01.:22:03.

to her family, insisting she wanted to die a martyr, and allowed her

:22:04.:22:11.

toddler to pose for photographs, 20 people are reported to have died

:22:12.:22:14.

in a suicide bombing in Afghanistan. the English club, Manchester City

:22:15.:22:33.

have pulled off the biggest deal, but it's for a manager,

:22:34.:22:36.

not a player. The highly-regarded Bayern Munich

:22:37.:22:38.

manager, Pep Guardiola will become their new head coach

:22:39.:22:40.

at the end of the season still in the race

:22:41.:22:42.

for four trophies. The Chef Benoit Violier,

:22:43.:22:50.

whose Swiss restaurant was named the best in the world in December,

:22:51.:22:52.

has been found dead at his home. Mr Violier, who was 44,

:22:53.:22:55.

ran the Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville in Crissier,

:22:56.:22:58.

near the city of Lausanne. It earned three Michelin stars

:22:59.:23:04.

and came top in France's La Liste ranking of the world's

:23:05.:23:06.

1,000 best eateries. Swiss police said Mr Violier,

:23:07.:23:09.

who was born in France, With me is restaurant critic

:23:10.:23:11.

and food writer Andy Hayler, who's eaten recently

:23:12.:23:15.

at the Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville, while Monsieur

:23:16.:23:17.

Violier was Head Chef. A tragic story. How good a chef was

:23:18.:23:33.

he. He was very good. He to go over from another famous chef. That

:23:34.:23:39.

restaurant has a great history. The two meals I have had there are some

:23:40.:23:44.

of the best I have ever eaten. I have been to every three star

:23:45.:23:48.

Michelin restaurant in the world. He was at the top of his game. He

:23:49.:23:54.

served fantastic flawless classical cuisine. It is a great shame

:23:55.:24:00.

obviously for the industry and for his wife and their son as well. The

:24:01.:24:04.

process of achieving three Michelin stars is quite something. There are

:24:05.:24:08.

only 100 people who have achieved that in the world. Not just to get

:24:09.:24:16.

to that stage but arguably ranked at the very top of that is quite

:24:17.:24:24.

remarkable achievement. We cannot speculate about his individual

:24:25.:24:27.

circumstances but what about the pressures of cooking at that sort of

:24:28.:24:35.

level? The profession is tough and people work long hours. Financial

:24:36.:24:41.

pressures, customers and so on. Who knows what happened in this

:24:42.:24:46.

particular case. But it does put a lot of pressure on people. It is a

:24:47.:24:54.

high-pressure job. Is there a sense that if our chef is feeling immense

:24:55.:25:00.

pressure they are not in a position to let anyone else around them know

:25:01.:25:05.

about it? That is true of any leadership position. If you are a

:25:06.:25:10.

chief executive officer or a general you are supposed to be in charge and

:25:11.:25:14.

not showing any signs of weakness to others. And in terms of a legacy to

:25:15.:25:21.

the world of food he would you diss fine him -- who would you define

:25:22.:25:36.

him? He was at the top. It is a restaurant but I had a fantastic

:25:37.:25:41.

time is at. He will be remembered and sadly missed. Thank you.

:25:42.:25:55.

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