02/02/2016 World News Today


02/02/2016

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Hello, I'm Karin Giannone with World News Today.

:00:00.:00:07.

The Iowa caucus makes the race for the White House

:00:08.:00:12.

The conservative senator, Ted Cruz, wins for the Republicans,

:00:13.:00:18.

But don't forget third placed Marco Rubio, who's picked

:00:19.:00:23.

Tonight is a victory for millions of Americans who have shouldered

:00:24.:00:32.

the burden of seven years of Washington deals run the amok.

:00:33.:00:35.

Bernie Sanders by the narrowest of margins.

:00:36.:00:42.

As they stand here tonight, breathing a big sigh

:00:43.:00:46.

Brazil says there's no chance the Rio Olympics will be cancelled

:00:47.:00:53.

despite the WHO declaring a worldwide emergency over

:00:54.:00:57.

The one-time American graffiti artist who's making a big impression

:00:58.:01:22.

He's dominated the race for the White House,

:01:23.:01:28.

to the Oval Office lost some momentum?

:01:29.:01:31.

The Republican candidate suffered an unexpected setback in the Iowa

:01:32.:01:34.

vote, while the Democrats Hillary Clinton secured a victory

:01:35.:01:37.

over rival Bernie Sanders, but by a tiny margin.

:01:38.:01:39.

Our North American Editor, Jon Sopel, has been

:01:40.:01:41.

Donald Trump has repeatedly said he hates losers.

:01:42.:01:50.

But at his campaign party, you wouldn't know it.

:01:51.:02:01.

We will go on to get the Republican nomination.

:02:02.:02:04.

And we will go on to easily beat Hillary, or Bernie,

:02:05.:02:08.

or whoever the hell are they throw up here.

:02:09.:02:11.

Well, Donald Trump has given not a victory speech,

:02:12.:02:15.

However, he says he's going to go on and hopes he will win

:02:16.:02:22.

This a party that has gone very flat for Donald Trump.

:02:23.:02:29.

The winner was a Conservative insurgent, Senator Ted Cruz.

:02:30.:02:33.

Another figure load by the Republican establishment.

:02:34.:02:37.

And not that popular with his daughter either,

:02:38.:02:42.

But he had a brilliant ground game, clinically targeting his right-wing

:02:43.:02:47.

Tonight, is a victory for courageous Conservatives

:02:48.:03:06.

Yes, Marco Rubio only came third, but he way exceeded

:03:07.:03:09.

expectations and has emerged as the clear front runner

:03:10.:03:12.

And on the Democratic party site, half a dozen times last night this

:03:13.:03:23.

In the most eye water really tight contest ever held.

:03:24.:03:29.

Our delegate for this precinct is Hillary Clinton.

:03:30.:03:37.

So, as I stand here tonight breathing a big sigh of relief,

:03:38.:03:45.

The left-wing senator from Vermont, Bernie Sanders, did spectacularly

:03:46.:03:50.

and in the middle of the night flew straight to New Hampshire where

:03:51.:03:56.

next week he hopes to go one better and beat her.

:03:57.:03:59.

This whole contest has a long way to run.

:04:00.:04:08.

So, the race for the White House is up and running.

:04:09.:04:11.

All the candidates, apart from the two who've packed it in,

:04:12.:04:14.

have left Iowa and moved on to hit the campaign trail in New Hampshire

:04:15.:04:18.

where both parties' primaries will take place next Tuesday.

:04:19.:04:22.

Rajini Vaidyanathan is in Manchester, in New Hampshire.

:04:23.:04:30.

Thoughts are already turning to the next battle.

:04:31.:04:35.

That's right. This is where the focus is. As you say, almost all of

:04:36.:04:41.

the candidates except Ben Carson have already begun campaigning. IMA

:04:42.:04:48.

New Hampshire. Behind me there is a long queue waiting to get into a

:04:49.:04:53.

Bernie Sanders rally. He actually arrived in this state at 5am and

:04:54.:04:57.

this is one of a number of events is holding today. This is a key battle

:04:58.:05:03.

ground. The results in Iowa on the Democratic side was incredibly

:05:04.:05:06.

close. Editor Sanders is hoping that he can win here in New Hampshire. A

:05:07.:05:12.

couple of factors, first of all he is ahead in the polls by as much as

:05:13.:05:17.

20 percentage points. He is also the Senator for neighbouring Vermont, so

:05:18.:05:21.

this is home turf for him. Lastly, if you look at the demographics are

:05:22.:05:26.

a lot of young voters in this state. If you look at the people who voted

:05:27.:05:32.

last night, of the young people, 84% of them opted for Sanders over

:05:33.:05:37.

Hillary Clinton. He really is trying to galvanise the youth vote,

:05:38.:05:40.

assuming they will turn out to actually pushing over the edge. If

:05:41.:05:44.

you look at the queue behind me, there is lots of young people. Some

:05:45.:05:49.

of his policies like free education have really resonated with that

:05:50.:05:52.

group. It is still early on in the process,

:05:53.:05:56.

but how important is it to get momentum in these first states?

:05:57.:06:02.

It is all about the momentum. As you say, it is very early on. In terms

:06:03.:06:06.

of actual delegates and the weight they hold, by numbers it is not that

:06:07.:06:11.

significant. But by setting the terms for the race, it is huge. As

:06:12.:06:16.

of last night, Donald Trump is no longer presenting himself as a

:06:17.:06:19.

winner in the sense that he didn't come first place. It was humbling

:06:20.:06:23.

for him in one sense because he has been full of bravado about how he

:06:24.:06:28.

will win the Republican nomination. Here in New Hampshire he is way

:06:29.:06:32.

ahead in the polls come polls which were taken before last night's

:06:33.:06:38.

result. It's interesting because one Republican was quoted here by saying

:06:39.:06:41.

that last night, Donald Trump is now the underdog. He is not necessarily

:06:42.:06:47.

that here. He has worked hard in New Hampshire to make sure he can win

:06:48.:06:51.

that state. He is ahead in the polls. What is interesting is who

:06:52.:06:55.

might come second and third here. There is a lot of established

:06:56.:07:00.

candidates, Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio, mentioning John's report, who

:07:01.:07:04.

are trying hard to make sure they Campaore well here and provide a

:07:05.:07:09.

more moderate alternative to Donald Trump in the Republican party. --

:07:10.:07:14.

they can perform well here. Thank you.

:07:15.:07:16.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:07:17.:07:18.

North Korea's announced plans to launch a satellite

:07:19.:07:20.

The International Maritime Organization says it's been

:07:21.:07:23.

officially notified of Pyongyang's intentions.

:07:24.:07:25.

Critics of North Korea's last satellite launch say it was a cover

:07:26.:07:28.

for a test of ballistic missile technology.

:07:29.:07:30.

US air strikes in eastern Afghanistan have destroyed a

:07:31.:07:33.

radio station used by the Islamic State militant group.

:07:34.:07:35.

For the last two months, the "Voice of the Caliphate"

:07:36.:07:39.

had been illegally airing evening broadcasts in Pashto,

:07:40.:07:42.

Officials say there have been casualties, but the exact number

:07:43.:07:47.

India's Supreme Court has heard a challenge to its decision

:07:48.:07:54.

to criminalise homosexuality in 2013.

:07:55.:07:56.

A bench of five judges will decide whether a 19th century law should

:07:57.:07:59.

Currently, gay sex is a crime which can lead to a ten-year

:08:00.:08:03.

prison sentence, though it is rarely enforced.

:08:04.:08:11.

The Brazilian government is insisting this summer's Olympics

:08:12.:08:14.

in Rio will go ahead, despite the Zika outbreak that's now

:08:15.:08:17.

been declared a global health emergency by the

:08:18.:08:19.

The mosquito-borne virus has been potentially linked to thousands

:08:20.:08:23.

of babies being born with under-developed

:08:24.:08:25.

Health officials in Brazil insist it poses no risk to anyone other

:08:26.:08:31.

The country's President said Brazil would be entering into a partnership

:08:32.:08:41.

with the US to develop a vaccine as is possible.

:08:42.:08:44.

Let's cross to Rio now, to talk to Mario Andrada,

:08:45.:08:46.

spokesman for the Rio 2016 local organising committee.

:08:47.:08:50.

Thank you for speaking to us. How can you be sure that it will be safe

:08:51.:08:56.

for the reader games to go ahead given the current global health

:08:57.:09:03.

emergency? We are sure for several reasons.

:09:04.:09:08.

First and foremost, we are working very hard to prevent further

:09:09.:09:14.

infections and to curb the reproduction of the mosquito. During

:09:15.:09:19.

the winter months, especially August, the attacks of the mosquito

:09:20.:09:23.

dropped virtually to zero. It is our winter he and the mosquitoes are not

:09:24.:09:27.

so efficient during the winter. That being said, we are still worried

:09:28.:09:33.

because a lot of families have been destroyed by this tragedy. A lot of

:09:34.:09:37.

women have lost their dreams are pregnant and and a lot of children

:09:38.:09:41.

have been affected. We have to use this energy to produce conditions

:09:42.:09:47.

for great games and to welcome tourists from all over the world in

:09:48.:09:50.

a safer country. You are not telling pregnant women

:09:51.:09:54.

to stay away from the games, even if some governments around the world,

:09:55.:09:58.

including the US, are saying don't go to prison. -- don't go to Brazil.

:09:59.:10:07.

The following instructions and knowledge from the World Health

:10:08.:10:11.

Organisation. They issued advice about the Zika crisis and haven't

:10:12.:10:15.

mentioned anything about a travel ban or travel advisory. We have

:10:16.:10:18.

followed their recommendations and don't believe it is necessary to

:10:19.:10:23.

enforce any travel ban at the moment, especially concerning the

:10:24.:10:26.

games because they will take place in a safe month.

:10:27.:10:33.

Are you worried that you might be accused of downplaying the risks?

:10:34.:10:36.

How do you reassure people that you are taking the correct precautions,

:10:37.:10:40.

but safety is your number one concern, rather than ensuring the

:10:41.:10:46.

games go ahead? Our first concern is the safety of

:10:47.:10:51.

people. There is no downplaying. There is no glossing. We follow

:10:52.:10:55.

organisations from the World Health Organisation to the letter. We are

:10:56.:10:59.

doing everything we can to get past this disease. We are attacking all

:11:00.:11:05.

the places the mosquito can breed and row and are not taking this

:11:06.:11:09.

lightly or taking any risk with anybody. -- breed and grow. We are

:11:10.:11:14.

making sure Brazil is a safe country for people to travel, especially

:11:15.:11:21.

during the winter in August. Thank you for your time.

:11:22.:11:23.

BBC Brasil has been speaking to a journalist with microcephaly

:11:24.:11:27.

about what it's like to have the condition.

:11:28.:11:31.

On the day I was born, the doctors said I would have no

:11:32.:11:35.

"She Will not walk, she will not talk, and,

:11:36.:11:48.

over time, she will enter into a vegetative state

:11:49.:11:51.

I chose journalism to give a voice to

:11:52.:12:02.

people like me, who do not feel represented.

:12:03.:12:05.

With the spike of microcephaly cases in Brazil, the need for information

:12:06.:12:08.

And people need to leave their prejudices aside.

:12:09.:12:17.

The Minister of Health, for example, he said that Brazil

:12:18.:12:20.

will have a damaged generation because of microcephaly.

:12:21.:12:22.

If I had the chance to talk to him, I would tell him what is damaged

:12:23.:12:25.

Because microcephaly is a box of surprises.

:12:26.:12:30.

You may suffer from serious problems, or you may not.

:12:31.:12:33.

Those who opt to have abortions do not give their children a chance

:12:34.:12:37.

to succeed and survive, as it happened with me.

:12:38.:12:41.

I survived and lived, as so many with microcephaly do.

:12:42.:12:47.

Has a deal been reached that will persuade British voters to stay

:12:48.:12:57.

Britain's Prime Minister, David Cameron had presented

:12:58.:13:08.

his demands to Brussels, and the EU Council President,

:13:09.:13:10.

All 28 member states must now decide whether or not to back

:13:11.:13:14.

Having months of private negotiations achieved very

:13:15.:13:21.

Even Cabinet ministers when letting on the secret.

:13:22.:13:24.

In Paris, the clock ticked down to the documents.

:13:25.:13:34.

Is this a good enough deal to make the campaign to stay in?

:13:35.:13:37.

And in Brussels, it was finally time for

:13:38.:13:40.

At a suitably EU friendly engineering business,

:13:41.:13:45.

the Prime Minister gave his unsurprising verdict.

:13:46.:13:54.

would you opt to join the European Union?

:13:55.:14:02.

If I could get these terms for British membership,

:14:03.:14:06.

I sure would opt in to be a member of the European

:14:07.:14:10.

The Prime Minister wanted more power for our Parliament.

:14:11.:14:18.

There will be some extra power to prevent a new EU

:14:19.:14:21.

Guarantees British firms won't lose out just because we are not

:14:22.:14:27.

And Britain will be formally excluded from ever closer union.

:14:28.:14:33.

The EU tradition of countries getting

:14:34.:14:36.

But an David Cameron's big promise to squeeze

:14:37.:14:41.

Key details on how long new limits will

:14:42.:14:45.

apply and the document are just X, Y and Z.

:14:46.:14:53.

We do know the so-called emergency brake will mean EU workers gradually

:14:54.:15:01.

start getting benefits. But they won't be banned for four years as

:15:02.:15:07.

commerce. EU migrants. Be able to send child benefit home. Not what's

:15:08.:15:11.

David Cameron wanted. But rates will reflect the cost of living in their

:15:12.:15:15.

native country. I was told I would never get a four

:15:16.:15:19.

year proposal and yet that is what is the document.

:15:20.:15:25.

Listing heavily. Not paying in full is not the same as banning

:15:26.:15:28.

altogether. Do you admit that you have had to

:15:29.:15:33.

water down some of your demands? Can you say to the public, hand on

:15:34.:15:37.

heart, but these proposals will actually cut the number of EU

:15:38.:15:40.

migrants coming to live in this country?

:15:41.:15:43.

I can say I've delivered the commitment that I made in my

:15:44.:15:47.

manifesto. The whole country knows that if you pay people five or

:15:48.:15:54.

?10,000 additional to their wages, that is a draw to Britain and that's

:15:55.:15:58.

one of the reasons we've seen such high levels of migration and

:15:59.:16:01.

movement. It's not an empty deal. There are

:16:02.:16:05.

changes, if enacted, that would limit the changes of payments to

:16:06.:16:12.

benefits in EU -- in this country. Their protections for British

:16:13.:16:16.

businesses trading around the continent. Crucially it does not

:16:17.:16:19.

allow David Cameron to keep all the promises he made the election. It

:16:20.:16:25.

weeks our relationship with the rest of the U, rather than Terry niqab

:16:26.:16:28.

and starting again. For those who want to leave, this set the terms

:16:29.:16:35.

for the campaign. In the coming weeks, every line will be pored

:16:36.:16:42.

over. Every weakness in the deal pounced on. Many minds are already

:16:43.:16:46.

made up. If you look at the renegotiation

:16:47.:16:50.

passage put to us today, it was hardly worth the of weight. All the

:16:51.:16:56.

big talk two years ago, a fundamental treaty change, nothing

:16:57.:17:03.

fundamental has changed at all. Labour was furious. The Prime

:17:04.:17:08.

Minister presented his deal to the public and press first, rather than

:17:09.:17:12.

to Parliament. But will in the end, inevitably, back him.

:17:13.:17:17.

If the Prime Minister of the country elected in May says this is a good

:17:18.:17:22.

deal, I think that sways a lot of people. He is the Prime Minister. I

:17:23.:17:27.

think that's important. But beware.

:17:28.:17:33.

The stakes are high. The EU President to put the deal

:17:34.:17:37.

together warns it is not signed and sealed. Even getting this far was

:17:38.:17:39.

hard enough. Our Europe Editor Katya Adler has

:17:40.:17:42.

been looking at the reaction Britain's relationship

:17:43.:17:45.

with the EU has been turbulent, Never a marriage of conviction,

:17:46.:17:53.

more assumed convenience. And, as of today, EU-UK relations

:17:54.:18:02.

will be fundamentally changed. This is the first time in EU history

:18:03.:18:13.

that one country stood up in front of the rest, threatened to leave

:18:14.:18:16.

if the EU didn't dance to its reformist tune,

:18:17.:18:20.

and then got what it asked for. The problem right now

:18:21.:18:24.

with the UK's new EU deal is that the stage is set,

:18:25.:18:29.

but the piece of music And to complicate things further,

:18:30.:18:32.

with the European Union's 28 piece orchestra, every single musician

:18:33.:18:36.

is allowed to have their say. The danger is you end up

:18:37.:18:41.

with a discordant cacophony, rather than a harmonious

:18:42.:18:43.

composition that will And that is what

:18:44.:18:48.

David Cameron needs. A credibly composed,

:18:49.:18:54.

legally watertight deal for his audience at home,

:18:55.:18:55.

that all his EU partners But already today, as expected,

:18:56.:18:58.

there were rumbles of descent from Central

:18:59.:19:05.

and Eastern Europe and the plan According to all statistics,

:19:06.:19:08.

Poles are very successful So, I do not see why

:19:09.:19:14.

they shouldn't be paid the same And the French, well,

:19:15.:19:23.

they are wrinkling their nose at the idea that the UK

:19:24.:19:29.

and other non-Eurozone nations can The current state of the Eurozone

:19:30.:19:32.

is not sustainable. It needs to be fixed and you cannot

:19:33.:19:39.

allow someone that is outside the family to forbid

:19:40.:19:43.

you from making it work better. All-important Germany, meanwhile,

:19:44.:19:57.

is soothing ruffled feathers Determined that everything must be

:19:58.:20:00.

done to keep the UK in. In general, I would say

:20:01.:20:07.

we are going the right way. We want the United Kingdom

:20:08.:20:11.

to remain active and strong partner in an active

:20:12.:20:15.

and strong European Union. David Cameron is banking

:20:16.:20:24.

on a grand finale at the EU leaders' summit in a couple

:20:25.:20:30.

of weeks, where his reform deal is applauded by peers in Europe

:20:31.:20:33.

and presented to the British public. But the players on the stage

:20:34.:20:36.

are an unpredictable lot, and the Prime Minister should be

:20:37.:20:38.

prepared to improvise. If your daily commute

:20:39.:20:48.

fills you with dread - have a look at this

:20:49.:20:50.

travel nightmare. Around 55,000 people have been

:20:51.:20:53.

stranded outside a railway station in Guang-zhou in southern

:20:54.:20:56.

China, waiting to travel home for the Chinese New Year

:20:57.:20:59.

on February 8th. Train services have gradually

:21:00.:21:01.

resumed after unexpectedly heavy snow in some parts of central China

:21:02.:21:05.

led to plane and train delays and cancellations, with a knock-on

:21:06.:21:08.

effect across the country. Imagine waiting outside a train

:21:09.:21:11.

station in freezing weather alongside tens of thousands

:21:12.:21:20.

of other anxious travellers. In this southern manufacturing hub,

:21:21.:21:28.

thousands are waiting And in Shanghai, also

:21:29.:21:30.

overwhelmed with people, Adding to the problem,

:21:31.:21:39.

many are turning up at train stations hours, even days before

:21:40.:21:47.

they are set to travel, worried they will miss

:21:48.:21:51.

their journey home. It's all part of the annual mass

:21:52.:21:53.

migration ever the Chinese New Year, the most important holiday

:21:54.:21:56.

in the national calendar. Up to 2.9 billion individual

:21:57.:21:58.

journeys will take place over the holiday period state media say,

:21:59.:22:02.

as long as the weather cooperates. The English countryside is playing

:22:03.:22:11.

host to some unusual, and gigantic, artistic

:22:12.:22:14.

imports from America. The New York-based artist Kaws

:22:15.:22:17.

is putting on display some of his cartoonish figures

:22:18.:22:20.

for a period of four months. The contrast of these huge figures

:22:21.:22:22.

and the serene countryside around them creates quite a sight,

:22:23.:22:25.

as our Arts Editor reports. How's this for an incongruous

:22:26.:22:30.

addition to the Yorkshire landscape? A ten metre high cartoonlike figure,

:22:31.:22:34.

inspired by American pop culture It's the work of a one-time graffiti

:22:35.:22:37.

artist from Brooklyn, New York, who tried his hand

:22:38.:22:47.

at making toys which led to a big By working with wood and doing

:22:48.:22:51.

something at ten metres, it's a different feeling

:22:52.:22:55.

from when you were growing up and little and have

:22:56.:22:57.

your wooden toys. You can put them on a shelf and make

:22:58.:23:00.

them do what you want. Then you walk into a space like this

:23:01.:23:03.

and these wooden toys can not only carry you in that hand,

:23:04.:23:12.

you want to do something Nowadays, he is much more

:23:13.:23:14.

interested in the Smurfs. When I was little,

:23:15.:23:33.

I grew up on the Smurfs. This one, I'm not sure if it's

:23:34.:23:35.

running from something or running Being chased by a giant black

:23:36.:23:39.

Smurf across Yorkshire! Possibly so.

:23:40.:23:44.

Or warning you of fire or something. Sir Henry Moore and Dame Barbara

:23:45.:23:46.

Hepworth were two towering giants They were king and queen

:23:47.:23:49.

of British post-war modernism. Both were brought up a few

:23:50.:23:52.

miles from the park. First cultures inspired

:23:53.:23:54.

by the local landscape, and often aiming

:23:55.:23:58.

to be at one with it. A far cry from Kaws'

:23:59.:24:01.

pop art inspired Americana. He really is confronting it.

:24:02.:24:03.

in a way that really nobody else is. What do you think Dame Barbara

:24:04.:24:11.

Hepworth would have thought, had she seen Kaws' sculptures

:24:12.:24:13.

in and around the same I think that she would recognise

:24:14.:24:17.

that sculpture has to change. There is absolutely no doubts that

:24:18.:24:35.

any artist looking at the way that It's possible that Kaws' sculptures

:24:36.:24:44.

may not be to everyone's taste. But I do think they pose interesting

:24:45.:24:47.

questions around scale, Not least the all pervasive

:24:48.:24:50.

nature of popular culture, from which there seems

:24:51.:24:56.

to be no escape. Probably something you haven't

:24:57.:25:08.

given much thought to, but at one zoo in Japan

:25:09.:25:12.

they like to be prepared. So they've been staging

:25:13.:25:15.

an emergency drill just in case. Here's a member of staff dressed

:25:16.:25:17.

in a less than convincing costume, pushing over a colleague

:25:18.:25:21.

and making a run for it. While the injured zookeeper

:25:22.:25:24.

is getting all the medical attention they need, plans are afoot

:25:25.:25:28.

to capture the animal. Some sturdy netting is erected

:25:29.:25:30.

giving the zebra no place to run, and then an eagle eyed marksman

:25:31.:25:33.

sedates it with a dart. Let's hope for the zookeepers'

:25:34.:25:36.

and zebra's sake they never need That is it from the programme. The

:25:37.:25:58.

weather is coming next. From me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:59.:26:04.

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