03/02/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. The headlines...


Britain's Prime Minister urges parliament to back the deal


for a new relationship with the European Union -


but will it stop some of his colleagues from campaigning


If we stay, Britain will be in there keeping a lid


on the budget, protecting our rebate, stripping away unnecessary


regulation and seeing through the commitment


Trump cries fraud - the Republican presidential hopeful


Donald Trump accuses rival Ted Cruz of winning the Iowa caucuses


As the UN calls a temporary halt to Syria talks in Geneva,


The fighting goes on with modern advances in the north of the


country. The view from inside the Somali


airliner which apparently suffered was the first question faced


by David Cameron at Westminster, as he tried to sell his EU reform


deal to those who believe Britain should vote to leave


the European Union. Time is short - there's a key summit


in Brussels in two weeks' time, and Mr Cameron would like to put


the "stay or leave" question In his pitch to Parliament,


he told MPs that the proposals are an "important milestone


in the process of reform". But many of his own Conservative MPs


aren't convinced that the draft agreement gives Britain enough


control over its laws and borders. In a moment we'll go


to Westminster and Strasbourg, but first, here's Iain


Watson with the details. Government ministers


face a stark choice. If you don't have anything nice


to see about the proposed EU deal, If Cabinet Ministers


are thinking of leaving the EU, they've been told to remain


tight-lipped until closer to the referendum,


or lose their jobs. But this morning, some big beasts


were being uncharacteristically coy. I think the Pime Minister is making


the best of a bad job. I think it's probably more or less


what I said yesterday, which is that, um, most people


looking at this will think Today, the Pime Minister set out


to convince more of his MPs of the benefits of


a new deal with Brussels. So, if we stay, Britain will be


in there, keeping a lid on the budget, protecting our


rebate, stripping away unnecessary regulation, and seeing


through the commitment we've secured in this re-negotiation,


ensuring that Britain truly can But Labour said the referendum


was being called simply to deal with the problem the Pime Minister


had with his own Eurosceptic MPs. The proposed deal from Brussels


probably would have little As his own backbenchers keep


telling us, the proposals from the European Council are simply


tinkering around the edges. They have little impact


on what the EU delivers for workers Even if most Conservative MPs get


behind David Cameron here at Westminster,


he'll still have to have any deal signed off by all the other


EU leaders at a big summit And today, another Parliament,


the European Parliament in Strasbourg, was having its say,


and it wasn't all good news This former Belgian Pime Minister


said he wanted Britain to stay in the EU, but some aspects


of the deal, exempting the UK from further integration,


would have to be redrafted. I think that is better than to do


the opposite, and to destroy the idea of a closer union,


because Britain has to stay. The next crucial date


in the Prime Minister's diary Our Europe Correspondent,


Damian Grammaticas, gave us Well, I think, if you took


the temperature here, you would probably find MEPs,


diplomats, saying that we believe that this is, as Jean-Claude Juncker


said, a fair deal to all sides, so, for some of Europeans here,


they feel that fairly big concessions may have been made,


particularly over this issue of limiting the access that European


citizens who migrated to the UK and work there would


then get to benefits. As the leader of the very biggest


group in Parliament here said today, he's a German MEP from


the same political party as the German Chancellor


Angela Merkel. He said that the idea that European


citizens could work in the UK, could pay taxes in the UK,


like UK citizens, but not get benefits like them,


was very difficult. And that's something that Europeans,


committed Europeans, many of them here, find quite


a hard idea to swallow, that there could be what


they might view as discrimination, because they view that as contrary


to the founding principles But the overriding view


here was that, if this is a deal that can keep the UK in the EU,


it's a deal worth doing. Here is Rob Watson with more on what


this could mean for David Cameron. What David Cameron is having


to work with is a sort I mean, the first problem


is the kind of deal that you could get with the


rest of the European Union, and let's remember,


this is not a European Union sailing calmly along in a great


phase of its existence. It has all sorts of other crises,


over the migrants, over the euro The other problem is his own


governing Conservative Party, which, as is well-known,


has a deep strain of Euro-scepticism, people that


want to leave the European Union. And then, thirdly, and most


importantly, it's you and me and the 45 million eligible voters


in Britain, who he is very much hoping to persuade,


sooner rather than later, I mean, if you like,


so far he's been tackling two of them, Parliament


today, the European Union, the rest of


the European Union over The next hurdle is


the British people. We turn our attention to American


politics now. The Republican Presidential race


is getting even nastier. Donald Trump is accusing


his rival Ted Cruz - the winner of Monday's


Iowa Caucus - of fraud. Writing on Twitter, he said


the Ted Cruz didn't win Iowa, According to Donald Trump,


this was because Ted Cruz said that Ben Carson, another Republican


candidate, was quitting the race. Earlier, I asked our correspondent


Jane O'Brien in Washington whether we should take


heed of what he said. How seriously is he


actually being taken? I mean, that's the whole


problem with Mr Trump. You never know how much is bluster,


how much he really means, It is fairly typical behaviour,


but I think the more interesting question is why is he starting


to Tweet this now, when everybody That's the race that


people want to focus on, not Iowa, which is


now two days away. And Mr Trump is ahead in the polls


in New Hampshire as well, he's got everything


to look forward to there, He is very unlikely


to score very well. He's not even coming


close to second place. So it's a bit of a mystery as


to why Mr Trump would suddenly this sort of inflammatory language


at this particular point. And I noticed that he did send out


a Tweet saying that the Cruz camp He quickly took that


Tweet off social media. Is there any substance


in that comment? Well, this all centres around


allegations that Mr Cruz's campaign were telling voters that Ben Carson,


another candidate, who had been doing quite well but has now


really faded in the polls, Well, he hasn't dropped out


of the race, but the inference is that his supporters perhaps


thinking that would've then transferred their allegiance


to Mr Cruz and that's why he won. Fraud?


Possibly not. Bending the truth?


A little bit. Jane O'Brien speaking to me earlier.


Events on the battlefield and Celia have overtaken tentative talks about


finding peace. The United Nations envoy has


announced a "temporary Staffan de Mistura has been


shuttling between the government and opposition


delegations in Geneva. He remains upbeat and says


the break is temporary. From the first day, I've indicated


that I'm not prepared at all for talks for


the sake of talks. And the Secretary-General


is saying the same. The UN cannot allow simply


procedural matters to actually become more important than actually


the result for the humanitarian situation of the Syrian people,


who have been waiting for us to deliver, this time not


a conference, but something I've therefore taken this decision


to bring a temporary pause. This is not the end and it is not


the failure of the talks. Why?


They came and they stayed. Not only, but both sides insisted


on the fact that they are interested in having the political


process started. Three, I have already fixed


a date for the next talks, And it's the Syrian Army offensive


around Aleppo that has generated Their advance would cut


the main supply route Syrian state TV says the army -


backed by militias - has ended the long running rebel


siege of two Shiite villages With the diplomacy stuttering


and the fighting gearing up, there is no end in sight


to the plight of the Syrian people. World leaders hope to raise


$9 billion at a donor But as Rami Ruhayem reports


from the Syria capital Damascus, It's a run-down and dirty place


to play, just a stones throw from the war-battered neighbourhood


on the eastern edge of Damascus. These children take us


into the unfinished building We're told there are about


25 families living here, most of them have been


displaced several times, and they actually have


to pay rent to live here, even though conditions,


as you can see, are really very bad. Electricity is a luxury,


three hours a day perhaps I follow one of the


residents into her flat. She's just lighting a candle,


because they have no electricity. Apparently, the place is infested


with mice and rats. She lives with her husband


and five children. TRANSLATION: We used to live


in dignity in our own houses. Now we are running


out of charities. You know why?


Because we lost everything. We escaped only with the clothes


we were wearing. Not all the displaced


live like this. We went to the western


side of the city, Before the war, this


was going to be a school, As soon as the displacement crisis


began, the government decided There are currently about 90


families here, but the number keeps changing, because people come


here as a first step and they leave as soon as they find


somewhere else to stay. It's clean and aid is


close at hand. But the government


and charity hand-outs don't make up Before the war, this man


was prosperous with a large family. TRANSLATION: My 19-year-old son


was killed first. Back at this flat, this child gets


a lesson from her big sister. Despite their displacement, the


girls still get an education and more importantly their family is


intact, but they still live on edge. TRANSLATION: We are always under


threat of eviction, the owner can kick us out when he wants. For most


of these children's lies, Syria has been at war and even away from the


raging battles they are still not at peace.


It's reported that a rare case of the zika virus in Texas was most


likely to have been passed on by sex.


There's concerns about how much more quickly the virus could spread.


Several governments in Latin America have already asked women to not get


But in El Salvador, as in much of Central America, where abortion


is illegal and contraception not widely available,


that sort of advice may not be easily followed.


Katy Watson reports from El Salvador.


For these women, this is a rare chance to understand what options


they have when it comes to contraception.


But they don't like to use that word.


In this deeply religious country, these volunteers prefer


Some women aren't free to choose how they protect themselves,


They hide it, so when they do visits, they focus on counselling


With growing concerns about Zika, contraception and sexual health


In theory, the government makes contraceptives


But it's a very different reality in these poor parts of El Salvador.


TRANSLATION: You go to the health centre, and they say that there's


nothing left, or if there is, it's now past its use-by date.


TRANSLATION: Most of the time, young people won't go


The problem isn't just about resources.


El Salvador is the most murderous country in the world.


These soldiers are doing the job of the police,


guarding gang-disputed territory hotspots.


Women struggle to get their contraception if the health


clinic is on the turf of an opposing gang.


Down the road is a state-run health clinic, but ever since the man


in charge was murdered last year, it has not been open regularly.


It is not just about violence and accessibility.


Nearly one in three babies here in El Salvador is born


to a mother aged between 10 and 19. These are just young girls.


Combine that with a conservative society, and open access to


Which, for pro-choice campaigners, makes the government's


recommendation that women shouldn't get pregnant


Where is the responsibility of men to take an active role in this?


Rape and incest are extremely prevalent, and to say those things


to a woman, you should control this, when it is completely


beyond your control, or to a young person who goes


to a clinic trying to be responsible, and is told you are too


young for this, you shouldn't be here asking for this,


and humiliating them and denying services,


But with so much unknown about the Zika virus,


governments are trying to stop it spreading in any way they can.


It's not easy for any country, but the challenges here


A bomb is suspected to have caused the explosion aboard


a commercial airliner flying from the Somali capital Mogadishu.


One passenger died when he was sucked out through the hole


A diplomat on board told us the explosion happened just


I just saw white smoke and, you know, there was a few seconds


I didn't realise where I was and then, when things calmed


down, you know, of course we saw whole in the plane and,


the first thing you worry about is, you know, can we really make it?


But of course, after things calmed down, it was a lot easier


At least take out the phone and take a few clips and things like that.


You know, there was not that much turbulence.


And of course we give credit to the pilot.


A stricken freighter has been successfully towed into a Spanish


port after its crew abandoned ship in heavy weather last week.


The Modern Express, carrying timber and diggers from West Africa


to France, has been towed into Bilbao after a lengthy salvage


operation stopped it from crashing into the French coast.


The ship's crew sent a distress signal when it started listing


The BBC has gathered evidence that Israel is sending unwanted African


migrants to other countries under secretive deals,


which may be in breach of international law.


The Israeli government refuses to name the third countries involved


in the deals, but the BBC has spoken to people who say they were sent


There are around 45 thousand Eritrean and Sudanese


They've arrived in the country over the last ten years,


crossing through Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula.


This detention centre is in the middle of the desert. The people


here say they came to Israel to seek refuge from conflict or persecution


but the Israeli government has granted asylum to fewer than 1%. It


says the migrants are become a threat to security and identity of


the Jewish state. The government calls this an open staying centre


but it is run by the prison service and conditions are strict. That is a


curfew at night time and people have to report back by ten p.m., they are


also not like to work and in such an isolated area there are a few things


to do. If someone is leaving here, it means you have no freedom thieves


stop -- you have no future. The residents can be held here for 12


months. After that, the choice is stark, return home or agreed to live


in a third country in Africa and, if they refuse either option, they


could be sent to prison indefinitely. The BBC has spoken to


people who said they were sent to Rwanda and Uganda and that the


Israeli promise they would receive basic protections they are not


fulfilled. One man is now in Kenya and was sent to Rwanda. Two days


after he arrived he told us he was forced to pay a man called John to


smuggle him into Rwanda. We crossed the border and I understand it was


illegal. Cathy joins me in the studio.


Fantastic investigative journalism there. Israel forced to admit this


is going on, but by do they see migrants as a threat? As you have


there, there are around 45,000 Eritrean and Sudanese that at the


moment. But they have been coming in over the last ten years and between


2007 and 2012 about 1000 came in every month. At this point, Israel


believed this was a problem. And so what is good in 2012 was, first of


all, it built the border with age at, a stronger border, which had at


Matic effect in the numbers coming in -- Egypt. Secondly, it built the


detention centre in the desert. Thirdly, the third country policy,


offering migrants the chance to live in a different country in Africa, or


they can stay in Israel and go to prison indefinitely. It is said it


may be in breach of international law, what Israel are doing, because


migrants do not have much say, but lawyers do seem to be in


disagreement over that? It is not clear-cut, because when they arrive


in Israel, Israel does not support them to their home countries, where


persecution is feared, because that cannot be done and the international


law. -- cannot be done under international law. But only 1% of


asylum applications are granted. They are in legal limbo. They can


stay under permits but have to renew those every two months. And they


know they can be rounded up and taken to the detention centre and


can stay there by 12 months by law, which is when they are given this


choice. So lawyers are arguing that these layers of pressure put on the


migrants add in some ways getting around that UN refugee Convention.


And one of the other things is that the deals are secretive, so Israel


has said there are two countries in Africa, they have been open about


has said there are two countries in that, but never said or those


countries are. As you saw that the board, we have evidence it is Rwanda


and Uganda. And also board, we have evidence it is Rwanda


testimony given to human rights organisations. The problem is,


because the deals are so secretive, it is not open whether Israel is


properly monitoring migrants in this country. And as you saw in the


report, it doesn't appear to be the case that they are. Many thanks.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


South African President Jacob Zuma has offered to pay back


some of the taxpayers' money he spent on improvements


The decision comes a week before a hearing at South Africa's


Mr Zuma used public money on items including a swimming pool


The condition of an Italian actor left in a coma after a hanging scene


went wrong during a play is said to be worsening.


27-year-old Raphael Schumacher was appearing in a production


in Pisa when an audience member realised he was in pain.


after sealing the theatre at the weekend.


Initial inquiries found the actor hadn't been wearing a body harness.


Luxembourg, one of the world's smallest states, is promoting


ambitious plans to mine asteroids for minerals in outer space.


It says it hopes to work with European entrepreneurs


to open access to a wealth of rare resources in space.


The government says it will invest in research projects.


A Chinese street artist is bringing abandoned corners


Robbbb's work aims to highlight social issues in the capital.


The BBC met up with him on the city streets to discuss his latest


TRANSLATION: Street art is a temporary artform. I put my artworks


all over the city and eventually they are destroyed, but this process


is all part of my art. I am Robbbb, and urban artist. Street art comes


from the West. But my art is a reflection of the China I live in.


Old dilapidated buildings are a feature of every developing city.


The ruins reflect the rapid growth of Chinese cities. The connection


between my art and these abandoned buildings is that they don't know


when either will be destroyed. These old buildings will not be here for


ever. My art is also temporary. The creative process starts with me


taking pictures of local residents. Then I print them out and make them


more artistic and lifelike. This series is called Walking


Chinese. It features people you meet every day on the streets. I am


dedicated to portraying Chinese phenomena and social issues in my


art. I want to express my views through


these figures. And that is it. Thanks for watching.


Many of us got to see sunshine during today,


but our weather is in a very changeable mood at the moment


and tomorrow looks like a very different day.


Yes, it'll be mild, but there will be a lot of cloud


and damp weather, some outbreaks of rain.


It's all because we've got this warm front working its way


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