04/02/2016 World News Today


04/02/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 04/02/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News.

:00:00.:00:07.

Help for Syria's refugees that couldn't come soon enough.

:00:08.:00:09.

Turkey says tens of thousands more refugees from war-torn Syria

:00:10.:00:13.

are heading for its border as they try to escape fighting

:00:14.:00:17.

Here in London, world leaders pledge more than ten billion dollars

:00:18.:00:21.

to help civilians displaced by Syria's civil war.

:00:22.:00:26.

Our message to the people of Syria and the region is clear.

:00:27.:00:29.

We will stand with you and we will support you for as long as it takes.

:00:30.:00:32.

He's been holed up Ecuador's London embassy for more than three years.

:00:33.:00:39.

Now, Wikileaks founder Julian Assange receives the backing

:00:40.:00:42.

He's one of the world's most famous "friends",

:00:43.:00:52.

and now he's taking the wheel on the BBC's Top Gear show.

:00:53.:01:06.

We start with the conflict in Syria and its impact on civilians.

:01:07.:01:10.

International donors meeting in London have pledged more

:01:11.:01:13.

than ten billion dollars to help people displaced by the fighting.

:01:14.:01:16.

Neighbouring countries are bearing the immediate brunt

:01:17.:01:19.

Turkey says tens-of-thousands of refugees are heading

:01:20.:01:24.

for its border as they try to escape fighting north of the Syrian

:01:25.:01:27.

Over the past few days intense Russian air raids have helped

:01:28.:01:34.

the Syrian army make advances in the area.

:01:35.:01:37.

The Turkish Prime Minister, Ahmet Davutoglu has bitterly

:01:38.:01:41.

criticised Moscow's involvement, saying that both the Russians

:01:42.:01:44.

and the Syrian government were guilty of war crimes.

:01:45.:01:46.

On Wednesday, efforts in Geneva to negotiate an end to the conflict

:01:47.:01:49.

In a moment we'll have more on the refugee crisis.

:01:50.:01:52.

But, first, the BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent Bridget Kendall

:01:53.:01:55.

Camps in Jordan stretching into the distance.

:01:56.:02:06.

Across the region, Syrian refugees may soon number over

:02:07.:02:09.

four and a half million, with 13 and a half million more displaced

:02:10.:02:12.

So, today, in London, there was a feeling this pledging

:02:13.:02:23.

Syria's neighbours say they are near breaking point.

:02:24.:02:28.

Soon, Lebanon will no longer be able to contain an eruption that

:02:29.:02:33.

could involve further migration to distant shores,

:02:34.:02:39.

decivilisation and devolved security threats.

:02:40.:02:42.

Looking into the eyes of my people and seeing the hardship and distress

:02:43.:02:46.

they carry, I must tell you we have reached our limits.

:02:47.:02:54.

Last year, the world only gave the United Nations half

:02:55.:02:59.

So, in the end, food rations to refugees had to be cut.

:03:00.:03:04.

One reason so many decided to move on to Europe.

:03:05.:03:07.

Which means today in London there is new self-interest.

:03:08.:03:10.

Give aid to ease conditions in the region, and maybe stem

:03:11.:03:13.

There have been previous donor conferences.

:03:14.:03:19.

Isn't there a danger the same thing is happening this time around

:03:20.:03:22.

and all your impressive pledges will ring rather hollow?

:03:23.:03:26.

It will make a difference in terms of saving lives,

:03:27.:03:30.

in terms of providing medicine and shelter and food.

:03:31.:03:34.

These are important because we are fulfilling

:03:35.:03:36.

our moral responsibility as countries to those people

:03:37.:03:40.

who were caught up in this terrible conflict.

:03:41.:03:43.

Of course, announcing all these big pledges of aid here in London

:03:44.:03:46.

Anyway, everyone agrees that all these promises to give

:03:47.:03:59.

humanitarian and long-term development help all very well,

:04:00.:04:02.

but what's needed is a way to stop the war.

:04:03.:04:05.

On the ground, the bombardments from Russian air strikes

:04:06.:04:10.

backing Syrian government troops have just got heavier.

:04:11.:04:13.

Fierce fighting has put under threat fledging peace talks in Geneva

:04:14.:04:19.

And that's even before the outside world works

:04:20.:04:24.

out how to unite against the so-called IS jihadists

:04:25.:04:28.

World leaders this morning said it was time to act, not talk.

:04:29.:04:33.

But whatever is achieved here in London,

:04:34.:04:35.

it seems unlikely it will bring this conflict any nearer to a close.

:04:36.:04:44.

One focus of the conference was to provide education

:04:45.:04:47.

for displaced children - something that could prove

:04:48.:04:49.

Clive Myrie reports from a refugee camp in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley.

:04:50.:04:59.

They've had a rough ride in life, these children.

:05:00.:05:03.

Syrian victims of a war they're too young to understand.

:05:04.:05:08.

In this refugee camp in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley,

:05:09.:05:12.

they are being given back their childhoods -

:05:13.:05:14.

Meet Mohammed, who is 13, and brother Mostafa,

:05:15.:05:19.

They attend school five days a week, like the 270 of the youngsters

:05:20.:05:27.

But when school is out, they and some of the other kids

:05:28.:05:33.

They work in the brick factory that borders their home.

:05:34.:05:40.

Hard, but necessary work for this family.

:05:41.:05:51.

We work to help our father, Mostafa says,

:05:52.:05:58.

Then they recall the day they fled their home

:05:59.:06:06.

Around sunset when it started getting dark,

:06:07.:06:10.

they started firing, he says, and we ran away.

:06:11.:06:13.

The next day, we came here to Lebanon on.

:06:14.:06:16.

As they toiled and heaved bricks, in London delegates

:06:17.:06:21.

of the conference facility raised more money to pay for the education

:06:22.:06:27.

of refugee children and to create well-paying job

:06:28.:06:31.

Over lunch, the brothers admit life is hard now.

:06:32.:06:41.

The BBC understands that a UN panel has concluded that the wiki founder,

:06:42.:06:50.

Julian Assange, is being wrongly denied his right to political asylum

:06:51.:06:56.

in Ecuador, and is detained arbitrarily in the UK.

:06:57.:06:59.

Mr Assange, who is wanted for questioning in Sweden

:07:00.:07:02.

about a rape allegation, has had the last three and a half

:07:03.:07:06.

years inside the Ecuadorian Embassy in London in order to avoid

:07:07.:07:08.

Our correspondent is outside the embassy.

:07:09.:07:15.

This was Julian Assange back in 2012, the summer he sought refuge

:07:16.:07:18.

And, to the dismay of Britain and Sweden, to the delight

:07:19.:07:28.

of his supporters, and to some surprise, it's upheld his conflict.

:07:29.:07:33.

I really hope that as a consequence of this ruling that Juliancan leave

:07:34.:07:37.

the embassy and go to Ecuador, where he can benefit

:07:38.:07:40.

I think it would be really unfortunate and send

:07:41.:07:47.

a terrible message internationally about our recognition

:07:48.:07:50.

of international human rights legislation.

:07:51.:07:53.

Julian Assange first made headlines in 2010 when Wikileaks

:07:54.:07:56.

began to publish hundreds and thousands of American state secrets.

:07:57.:07:59.

In August that year, allegations were made of sexual

:08:00.:08:02.

Two years later, Ecuador granted political asylum to Mr Assange

:08:03.:08:08.

on the grounds that he risked being extradited home to the US.

:08:09.:08:12.

Last year, police announced that officers would no

:08:13.:08:15.

longer be stationed outside the Ecuadorian Embassy.

:08:16.:08:18.

They had cost the British taxpayer more than ?12 million.

:08:19.:08:21.

This morning, Julian Assange said he would accept arrest

:08:22.:08:24.

by the British police if the UN panel ruled against him.

:08:25.:08:27.

Of course, we now know it has ruled in his favour.

:08:28.:08:30.

One of the things I will be interested to hear from the UN

:08:31.:08:33.

is why they regard this as a detention when,

:08:34.:08:35.

essentially, he is detained at his own hand.

:08:36.:08:38.

The UK has a European arrest warrant for various serious

:08:39.:08:42.

charges from Sweden on a well-respected jurisdiction,

:08:43.:08:51.

and that will still have to be enforced, come what may.

:08:52.:08:53.

Today, a high profile visitor for Mr Assange,

:08:54.:08:55.

in the form of fashion designer Dame Vivien Westwood.

:08:56.:08:57.

The UN panel's decision is a big victory for Julian Assange,

:08:58.:09:02.

and an embarrassment for Sweden and the UK.

:09:03.:09:07.

But unless Julian Assange really is ready to be arrested,

:09:08.:09:09.

for the moment, at least, the Ecuadorian Embassy

:09:10.:09:11.

Per Samuelsson is one of Assange's lawyers.

:09:12.:09:15.

Here is some of what he had to say to Swedish television.

:09:16.:09:22.

If we lose, he will come to Sweden immediately.

:09:23.:09:28.

But if we prevaile, if we win, I think my strong firm

:09:29.:09:31.

opinion is the Swedish prosecutor must cancel the custody decision

:09:32.:09:38.

in absentia and immediately close the case.

:09:39.:09:42.

Close the file and drop the investigation against Julian

:09:43.:09:44.

But shouldn't she care about the alleged rape victim

:09:45.:09:56.

But she should also care about the alleged person,

:09:57.:10:01.

the suspected person, and that is Julian Assange.

:10:02.:10:03.

He has not been served any suspicion.

:10:04.:10:05.

He has called for an interview for five years.

:10:06.:10:07.

He has been in prison for three and a half years in an embassy.

:10:08.:10:11.

Sweden must interpret the European Convention

:10:12.:10:20.

He's best known for his role as Joey in the American sitcom

:10:21.:10:34.

Friends, and today it was announced that Matt LeBlanc is to join Chris

:10:35.:10:37.

Evans as a new presenter on Top Gear.

:10:38.:10:39.

He's already a familiar face on the motoring show having appeared

:10:40.:10:41.

He says he's a "car nut and massive fan" of the programme,

:10:42.:10:47.

which is set to return later this year.

:10:48.:10:49.

He has already had a taste of Top Gear, he was a

:10:50.:10:59.

Matt LeBlanc, Joey in Friends, is the secret weapon

:11:00.:11:06.

A show that was itself relaunched with huge success 14 years ago,

:11:07.:11:12.

with characters such as "the tame racing driver", the Stig.

:11:13.:11:16.

You have to remember this is, or was, the most widely watched

:11:17.:11:20.

programme in the world in 205 territories.

:11:21.:11:25.

Now with Jeremy, James and Richard out,

:11:26.:11:27.

That is worth a lot of money to the BBC.

:11:28.:11:32.

Chris is maybe not known globally, but Matt is.

:11:33.:11:34.

My agent asked me if I wanted to host the series...

:11:35.:11:37.

He has already had a taste of Top Gear presentation

:11:38.:11:39.

Which, as you can see from this BBC promotional

:11:40.:11:43.

Top Gear is, for the Corporation, a way of making money off cars.

:11:44.:11:51.

Here is a bit of motoring history for you.

:11:52.:11:55.

Beautiful cars, although they don't wait make brilliant television.

:11:56.:12:07.

Top Gear was under threat of cancellation a few years ago.

:12:08.:12:10.

What saved it was Jeremy Clarkson and the realisation it was all

:12:11.:12:12.

about the presenters, the chemistry and the comedy.

:12:13.:12:19.

Matt LeBlanc is, of course, an actor.

:12:20.:12:22.

He's going to have to show his real self

:12:23.:12:24.

to the viewer to make this thing work because what the previous trio

:12:25.:12:27.

did was make us feel we knew them very well.

:12:28.:12:31.

They were the people you wanted to sit next to in the pub.

:12:32.:12:34.

Of course, Top Gear has had many presenters.

:12:35.:12:38.

But these days it's no longer just a car programme.

:12:39.:12:45.

The former boss of a pharmaceutical company in the United States has

:12:46.:12:53.

refused to answer questions in Congress about why he increased

:12:54.:12:55.

the price of a life-saving drug by more than 5,000%.

:12:56.:12:59.

Martin Shkreli, who is facing separate charges of securities

:13:00.:13:03.

fraud, exercised his right not to incriminate himself.

:13:04.:13:06.

One congressman accused him of taking blood money

:13:07.:13:09.

from the pockets of hard-working Americans.

:13:10.:13:12.

After Thursday's hearing, Mr Shkreli made use of Twitter

:13:13.:13:17.

to describe members of Congress as "imbeciles".

:13:18.:13:19.

Do you think you've done anything wrong?

:13:20.:13:23.

On the advice of counsel, I invoke my

:13:24.:13:26.

Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination

:13:27.:13:30.

and respectfully decline to answer your question.

:13:31.:13:33.

Now for a look at some of the day's other news.

:13:34.:13:38.

The government of Poland has opened a new investigation into the plane

:13:39.:13:41.

crash in western Russia six years ago, which killed the President,

:13:42.:13:43.

Lech Kaczynski, and more than 90 other people.

:13:44.:13:46.

Announcing the probe, the Defence Minister appeared

:13:47.:13:48.

to contradict the original findings, saying the plane had disintegrated

:13:49.:13:52.

An Israeli man has been sentenced to life and another man has been

:13:53.:14:00.

given a 21-year prison term for burning

:14:01.:14:02.

Mohammed Abu Khdeir was abducted in a street in East Jerusalem

:14:03.:14:07.

and killed during a cycle of violence in the run-up to the war

:14:08.:14:10.

The men haven't been named because they were boys at the time

:14:11.:14:14.

Moscow has reacted angrily to a BBC television drama that imagines

:14:15.:14:22.

a future war with Russia, that leads towards nuclear confrontation.

:14:23.:14:24.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said the programme, titled

:14:25.:14:29.

World War Three, Inside the War Room, took British

:14:30.:14:31.

propaganda to a level of aggression beyond even Cold War standards.

:14:32.:14:34.

The condition of an Italian actor left in a coma after a hanging scene

:14:35.:14:37.

went wrong during a play is said to be worsening.

:14:38.:14:41.

27-year-old Raphael Schumacher was appearing in a production

:14:42.:14:43.

in Pisa when an audience member realised he was in pain.Police

:14:44.:14:46.

launched an investigation after sealing the theatre

:14:47.:14:49.

Initial inquiries found the actor hadn't been wearing a body harness.

:14:50.:14:59.

Outrage has erupted in France after a language moderator approved

:15:00.:15:02.

In Germany, there's a heavy police presence on the streets of Cologne

:15:03.:15:05.

as the city celebrates its annual carnival.

:15:06.:15:07.

More than 2,000 police officers are out in force.

:15:08.:15:09.

It's the first major public event there since New Year,

:15:10.:15:12.

when many women were victims of sexual assaults and muggings

:15:13.:15:14.

which were blamed largely on migrants.

:15:15.:15:15.

Our correspondent, Anna Holligan, is there for us.

:15:16.:15:18.

It's traditionally one of the most raucous days in carnival season.

:15:19.:15:24.

But first something on the back of everyone's mind this year,

:15:25.:15:28.

Carnival this year is being seen as a big test of the authorities.

:15:29.:15:45.

TRANSLATION: This is probably the safest carnivore there has ever

:15:46.:15:51.

been. There is zero tolerance this year for anybody who wants to cause

:15:52.:15:53.

trouble. -- safest carnivore. After those attacks at New Year,

:15:54.:15:57.

dozens of people of North African and Arab origin

:15:58.:15:59.

were arrested and it has led to some tension with the immigrant

:16:00.:16:02.

community here. Something that we're

:16:03.:16:04.

hearing from a lot of women is that they are slightly

:16:05.:16:06.

anxious of this year. They are determined

:16:07.:16:08.

to celebrate this massive Today it's rainy.

:16:09.:16:11.

It's not too nice. It doesn't matter

:16:12.:16:20.

whether you are brown, It's not normal, we don't

:16:21.:16:29.

do that every day. So, I think they know

:16:30.:16:39.

what's happening here. Outrage has erupted in France

:16:40.:16:41.

after a language moderator approved changes to the spellings

:16:42.:16:56.

of thousands of French words in an attempt to

:16:57.:16:59.

simplify the language. At least 2,400 spelling changes

:17:00.:17:01.

will be implemented. However, the change that has sparked

:17:02.:17:07.

the most fury is the removal of the traditional

:17:08.:17:10.

circumflex accent. With me here in the studio this

:17:11.:17:12.

French commentator Jean Jaffre. We are talking about the circumflex.

:17:13.:17:25.

It would be described as a little hat which goes over a vowel. What

:17:26.:17:30.

purpose has it served so far? For most, some words come from Latin

:17:31.:17:51.

words. The circumflex accent... Sometimes it is illogical.

:17:52.:17:58.

The French Academy said it would approve the circumflex was removed

:17:59.:18:03.

in certain situations back in 1990. It has only taken until now for this

:18:04.:18:05.

to come into French schools. It is only for 4% of the vocabulary.

:18:06.:18:23.

But similar reform has been implemented in Canada, for instance.

:18:24.:18:27.

Because of a change in the curriculum, the publishers of

:18:28.:18:30.

textbooks have decided to introduce this reform, maybe to make more

:18:31.:18:36.

money with new books. In the situation where it really

:18:37.:18:40.

does change the meaning, it is going to stay. They won't have this

:18:41.:18:41.

ambiguity. In certain circumstances it will

:18:42.:18:59.

stay. So certain words won't look like the

:19:00.:19:03.

same words, there will still be a difference.

:19:04.:19:08.

The Education Secretary is very unpopular. She is a young woman and

:19:09.:19:18.

was born fiercely -- and was fiercely denounced. Since the

:19:19.:19:22.

Socialist party came to power, they introduced the form which displeased

:19:23.:19:29.

a lot of people. Some say education is being dumbed down.

:19:30.:19:34.

It is safe to say the has-been outrage on social media.

:19:35.:19:40.

Sometimes when I read tweets I think people who are writing, sometimes

:19:41.:19:46.

they missed a lot of words. It is amazing.

:19:47.:19:54.

I think it is the convention. Spelling is a convention and people

:19:55.:19:59.

should try to spell correctly. What is important, especially at school,

:20:00.:20:03.

is to allow children to express themselves and to be creative. As

:20:04.:20:14.

they get older they will become more correct. My brother was suffering

:20:15.:20:22.

from dyslexia. Now, his writing is very good and he expresses himself

:20:23.:20:29.

very well. Sometimes it takes time to simulate the spelling of words.

:20:30.:20:33.

Thank you very much. Spanish officials say a pregnant

:20:34.:20:36.

woman is among the seven people identified as being infected

:20:37.:20:39.

with the Zika virus It's thought that the woman

:20:40.:20:41.

who is in her second trimester of pregnancy showed symptoms

:20:42.:20:46.

after travelling to Colombia. There are fears that

:20:47.:20:48.

the mosquito-borne Zika virus In the United States,

:20:49.:20:50.

the two front-runners for the Democratic nomination

:20:51.:20:57.

for president have been sparring over who is the real

:20:58.:21:00.

"progressive" in the race. Former Secretary of

:21:01.:21:02.

State Hillary Clinton and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders

:21:03.:21:04.

criticised each other's credentials during a question and answer

:21:05.:21:06.

session in New Hampshire. Campaigning in New Hampshire,

:21:07.:21:21.

Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders have been taking swipes at each

:21:22.:21:26.

other. All day on Twitter and by e-mail -based barred about who is

:21:27.:21:30.

the real progressive. I said I am a progressive who likes

:21:31.:21:35.

to get things done. And again in the evening on stage.

:21:36.:21:39.

Bernie Sanders thinks his opponent is not a liberal enough.

:21:40.:21:43.

I do not know any progressive who has a super pack and takes $15

:21:44.:21:48.

million from Wall Street. The Vermont senator may have lost

:21:49.:21:53.

narrowly in Iowa but is leading by a wide margin in New Hampshire, his

:21:54.:21:57.

backyard, and the gloves are coming off will stop we are taking on the

:21:58.:22:03.

most powerful -- gloves are coming off.

:22:04.:22:11.

We know what will happen. Mrs Clinton has been downplaying

:22:12.:22:14.

expectations in New Hampshire but is still hoping to narrow the gap in

:22:15.:22:18.

this state. She was asked about faith and she spoke of the parable

:22:19.:22:22.

about the prodigal son. I read that parable and there was a

:22:23.:22:27.

line which became a lifeline for me. It basically is practised the

:22:28.:22:32.

discipline of gratitude. This race is heating up and on

:22:33.:22:39.

Thursday the two candidates will face off against onstage in a

:22:40.:22:42.

televised debate all-star campaigning continues.

:22:43.:22:44.

A solar farm, designed to become the largest in the world,

:22:45.:22:46.

has officially been opened in Morocco by King Mohammed.

:22:47.:22:49.

The plant in the Sahara desert, south-east of Casablanca,

:22:50.:22:51.

will generate 500 megawatts when it reaches full capacity -

:22:52.:22:54.

It's designed to store power when the sun isn't shining.

:22:55.:23:00.

It takes around two hours to walk around the array of half a million

:23:01.:23:03.

parabolic mirrors, that focus heat to provide steam for the turbines.

:23:04.:23:12.

Shakespeare's Hamlet has been performed to hundreds of migrants

:23:13.:23:15.

at a refugee camp in Northern France.

:23:16.:23:19.

The show was part of the Globe Theatre's world tour

:23:20.:23:21.

which has already seen performances at refugee camps in Jordan,

:23:22.:23:24.

Thomas Morgan went along to see the show at the camp they call

:23:25.:23:28.

The crew were here at the break of dawn, hard at work building their

:23:29.:23:42.

stage. They have been touring for quite a while now and have performed

:23:43.:23:47.

in over 150 countries. They have an aim to have been all over the globe

:23:48.:23:51.

by the end of April. Back corner, stage left.

:23:52.:23:57.

But it is windy and cold in Calais, so theatre is probably not at the

:23:58.:24:02.

top of people'swish lists. Many migrants don't even know who William

:24:03.:24:12.

shakes a or what Hamlet is. Have you ever seen Shakespeare

:24:13.:24:15.

before? No. This is my first time.

:24:16.:24:21.

So, why bring this production to the Jungle?

:24:22.:24:28.

We found that it works. Even if English is in their first language.

:24:29.:24:32.

And it works if people don't know the story of Hamlet or don't know

:24:33.:24:34.

what Shakespeare is. We the story of Hamlet or don't know

:24:35.:24:39.

doing this in a lot of countries where there is not a big tradition

:24:40.:24:44.

of performing Shakespeare. With free popcorn on offer, the

:24:45.:24:47.

audience flocked to the ready-made venue. The 150 migrants that have

:24:48.:24:53.

come to watch the play here today may not understand the whole of

:24:54.:24:57.

William Shakespeare's Hamlet, but it is engaging them and that is one of

:24:58.:25:02.

the main aims of the production staff, breaking up the monotony of

:25:03.:25:03.

their daily routine. With laughter and applause all

:25:04.:25:18.

around, it was a successful day at the box office.

:25:19.:25:21.

We are delighted to be performing here for you!

:25:22.:25:26.

The next stop in the tour will be in Malta for Libyan migrants before

:25:27.:25:29.

finally heading home to London in a few months' time.

:25:30.:25:34.

Mexican prosecutors have issued an order for the actress,

:25:35.:25:36.

Kate del Castillo, to be located and to testify as a witness

:25:37.:25:39.

over her links with the imprisoned drug baron, Joaquin "El Chapo"

:25:40.:25:42.

The Mexican actress set up a meeting in October between the Hollywood

:25:43.:25:46.

star, Sean Penn, and Guzman, who was on the run at the time.

:25:47.:25:49.

Mexican prosecutors say she may have received money from Guzman

:25:50.:25:51.

to launch her tequila business last year.

:25:52.:25:53.

Kate del Castillo has denied any illicit links with Guzman.

:25:54.:25:58.

For me and the rest of the team, good night.

:25:59.:26:00.

So far this week we have seen wet weather, windy weather, bright

:26:01.:26:15.

weather. Tomorrow it looks mostly cloudy once again. Outbreaks of

:26:16.:26:22.

rain, heavy in places. For the time being we are between two fronts.

:26:23.:26:23.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS