05/02/2016 World News Today


05/02/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Ben Bland.

:00:09.:00:10.

They are coming in their thousands...

:00:11.:00:14.

Syrians are making their way to the border with Turkey to escape

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intense fighting near the city of Aleppo.

:00:18.:00:18.

Zika is found in human urine and saliva, raising new fears over

:00:19.:00:21.

WikiLeaks founder, Julian Assange, speaks from the balcony

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of the Ecuadorian embassy in London, after a UN panel rules

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This is a victory that cannot be denied.

:00:31.:00:37.

Also coming up, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari defies the critics

:00:38.:00:40.

who say he hasn't done enough to fight corruption.

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We have not done much yet. Because we're waiting for documentation so

:00:46.:00:58.

that those who have tried to be too clever or too hard can be

:00:59.:01:00.

prosecuted. And why are so many

:01:01.:01:02.

sperm whales dying? Almost 30 have now been found along

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beaches in the North Sea in the worst series of whale

:01:05.:01:07.

strandings in 100 years. At least 15,000 people in Syria have

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gathered at the Turkish border after heavy fighting

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near the city of Aleppo. So far they're not being allowed

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to cross the frontier. But Turkish aid workers have gone

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into Syrian territory to provide The Turkish prime minister says

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he believes tens of thousands of more refugees may

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be on their way. They are said to be heading

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towards the Turkish city of Kilis. Aleppo is a mere 60

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kilometres from Turkey. And these latest pictures show

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people said to be on the move They're being driven out

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by the intense fighting which is going on in

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Aleppo province. Syrian Government troops have been

:02:01.:02:02.

making significant advances, Live now to our

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correspondent Selin Girit. Selin Girit, what is the latest on

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the situation at the border? At the border, the crossings are not

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open on the Turkish side. We were at the border as the BBC team today,

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for a few others, not all day. All that we saw was eight trucks going

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in and a few ambulances and that was it, we did not see any survey in

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side of the border, it is a no man's land as you might convert between

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the two border crossings. -- cockpit. Thousands of Syrians

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waiting on the Syrian side of the border, we could not see them

:02:54.:03:01.

ourselves. Reportedly, the union has said there are 15,000 people waiting

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at the border on the Syrian side of the border and the top SRR has said

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that there are plenty more, thousands, tens of thousands more on

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the way from Aleppo to Kilis into Turkey or at least trying to make

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their way there. Today we have not seen anyone coming in but the Prime

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Minister has said that Turkey is ready to give food and shelter and

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will not leave Syrians without food and shelter but he did not specify

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whether the talk is government is prepared to take these new refugees

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in because we must remember that Turkey already holds over 2 million

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Syrian refugees within its borders. Accepting more will seriously

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maintain another burden on Turkey's finances, a country that has a Lady

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spent over 10 billion dollars to accommodate these refugees. But the

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Prime Minister has said they will accommodate the shelters and we have

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seen pictures on the other side, we have received pictures coming from

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the Syrian side of Turkish aid agencies, holding tents on the other

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side of the border for the survey messages. So, shelter is being

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provided, food is being provided, but whether they will make their way

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into Turkey remains a big question. -- Syrian refugees.

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Thank you for that report. Mohammed Yehia from BBC Arabic says

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conditions for people stuck The Turkish authorities have not

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opened up the border yet to them, they are preparing accommodation for

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them. They are trying to make relocation arrangements for them. It

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is not that may be up to 70,000 people could be on the move in the

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Aleppo suburbs area, trying to flee the very determined attempts of the

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Russian air strikes and the assault by the Syrian Army that is backed by

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foreign militias from Hezbollah and Lebanon and Iranian forces. One

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major goal we had this conference in Geneva that another really took off.

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-- never really. Simultaneous with the start of this conference, there

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was the start of this very determined offensive by the Russian

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air force and the Syrian Army to target the Syrian rebels. The

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Russian assault, the air strikes, they were described as unprecedented

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in the intensity, hundreds of air strikes that were accompanied by a

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ground assault by the Syrian Army and its militias. They cut off the

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main supply route for the rebels in Aleppo that was linking Aleppo with

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Turkey. This was a major blow for the Syrian rebels and what they are

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now trying to do, the Syrian military, they are trying to

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reinforce a complete siege around the northern countryside of Aleppo

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to be able to totally besieged Aleppo, a city that is to have 2

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million people, know it is divided between the eastern part which is

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under rebel control and the western part which is under the control of

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the government. By cutting off these main supply lines, the Syrian Army

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appears to be moving to a new stage, where thanks to the writing --

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Russian air support, it has been able to turn the tide and instead of

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what we have seen into into 15 when they were losing ground, they are

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starting to now gained ground and make advances with the optimum goal

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of isolating the rebels in pockets that they can manage. -- 2015.

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That was our colleagues speaking to my colleague a little bit out there.

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-- a little bit earlier. More than 4,000 babies in Brazil

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have been born with the condition It causes them to be born

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with abnormally small heads. Health experts believe the rise

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in cases is due to the Zika virus, which is spreading rapidly

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through South America. The BBC spoke to Dr Wilson Savino,

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a senior immunologist and director at the Oswaldo Cruz Medical Research

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Centre in Rio de Janeiro. He gave this analysis

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on the transmission of the virus The significance is that so far the

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genetic material of the Zika virus had been identified both then the

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Rhine and the saliva. But now the research done shows that this is not

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only just the genetic make a real but there is a virus able to infect

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cells in systems and subcultures. -- you're in. This is capable of

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affecting people. This is completely different from only the

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identification of the virus itself. It means that the virus is

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functional. The principal precaution is something that should be in mind

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and I would address, particularly to pregnant women, to avoid in terms of

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sharing, let us say cuts or nice, etc, with someone who has clearly

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been affected with the symptoms. These type of precautions should be

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taken. But I think that people should continue to live normally. --

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knives. The BBC's Julia Carneiro joins me

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from Rio de Janiero. This latest finding about bodily

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stewards and saliva, has this changed the plan to combat it? --

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bodily fluids. Not at all, the plan is told to

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eradicate the mosquito that transmits the Zika virus because it

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is not yet clear at all if this finding that this research Institute

:09:21.:09:29.

announced today whether this means that the saliva is spread through

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saliva or you're in. It has been found in these fluids and its active

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form, so there is the potential that could be transmitted to other

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people. -- you're in. It must be investigated to find out whether it

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can be transmitted and those other variables that must be studied to

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assess if that is possible or not. What advice is being given to people

:10:01.:10:04.

to help slow down what seems to be the rapid spread of it through Latin

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America? Well, there's lots of advice given,

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especially to pregnant women but in general, to the population using

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mosquito repellent is, to pregnant women covering themselves up before

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leaving home and this new finding comes just

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Exchanging fluids in any way with other people. It is another set of

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recommendations for people to be careful.

:11:25.:11:29.

The Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange, has welcomed a UN

:11:30.:11:32.

ruling which says he's been 'arbitrarily detained'.

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He says he should be allowed to walk free from Ecuador's embassy

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He's been there since 2012, after an extradition

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That followed a rape allegation that he denies.

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In the last few hours he's spoken from the balcony of the embassy.

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Still officially on Ecuadorean soil, still threatened with arrest,

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Julian Assange emerged onto about Kenny this afternoon

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for the first time since 2012, the year he sought sanctuary at this

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This is a victory that cannot be denied.

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The UK and Sweden have had this judgment for the past two weeks.

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They did not file an appeal in that two-week period.

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Julian Assange now says he has international law on his side,

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but the self-styled champion of free speech and accountability did not

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He detailed the UN findings, that the detention was arbitrary.

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They also decided he has an enforceable right to compensation

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The opinion in itself is an opinion, and it is legally binding

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to the extent that it is based on international human rights norm,

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From the UK Government, a furious response.

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He can come out onto the pavement any time he chooses.

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But he will have to face justice in Sweden if he chooses to do so.

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Today, these police outside the embassy were for crowd

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protection, but the police operation to prevent his escape cost

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This evening, the lawyer for the alleged rape victim put out

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a statement in Sweden saying that she was glad the UN call

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for his release was not legally binding.

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It is time, she said, that Assange packs his bags,

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steps out of the embassy and begins to cooperate with the police.

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His supporters are relishing this moment, a dramatic day

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in an extraordinary international saga.

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But it does not end the long-running stand-off.

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For now, he is back inside, and still no one knows

:14:22.:14:24.

A man has been shot dead outside hotel in Dublin. Police and

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investigating if it was connected to criminal gangs. The boxing that was

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due to take place on Saturday been cancelled.

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Now to Nigeria, where President Mohammadu Buhari's war

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against corruption is gathering momentum.

:15:01.:15:02.

Millions of dollars have been returned by some of the people

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President Buhari has been speaking to Focus on Africa's Peter Okwoche.

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They began by discussion how much of that money has been recovered.

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Because we're waiting for documentation, so that those

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who try to be too clever or too hard, we can prosecute them.

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Now, to prosecute them successfully, we have to produce evidence,

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this is the evidence we have built up collectively.

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It is not easy, especially in the petroleum industry.

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They have literally declared their assets and they are

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So it would be unfair, you know, before the deal is...

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But would you agree to an amnesty for people who return their money?

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I have to depend on the report and the recommendation

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of the officials that I asked to do this job.

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What do you make about the criticism that you only seem to be

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going after political opponents and not some members

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of your political party, the APC, who also seem to be corrupt?

:16:16.:16:18.

Yeah, making wild allegations I think is a hobby, I suspect,

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for Nigerian critics of this government.

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If they can provide evidence, if they can give me an idea that

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so-and-so in my cabinet, a member of APC stole so much...

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If I do not react to credible information, then they can blame me,

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but they cannot just open their mouths and say that

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A few months ago, you told the BBC that Boko Haram have

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So, how can a group that you have technically defeated

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There were some allegations one week or so ago, not quite allegations,

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but they were said to have gone and attacked a village.

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They were said to have burnt 100 or more houses.

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You know the type of houses that are there.

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All they needed to do was to strike one match and the whole

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In that particular attack you are talking about,

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That does not sound like a group that has technically been defeated.

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But all I know, that of the 14 local governments,

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they used to hold, and while they host their flag,

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they are not in charge of any of those local governments,

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but they can still regroup and go and attack such targets,

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Britain's proposed EU reforms have been strongly backed

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The British Prime Minister, David Cameron's, been in Copenhagen,

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trying to gain support in advance of a referendum later this year.

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He also held positive talks in Poland but the Prime Minister

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there said plans to limit benefits for EU migrants would need

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Here's our Europe Editor Katya Adler.

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Warsaw's charming city centre was rebuilt almost from scratch

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It is a must see for tourists, but not on the regular beat

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But this is the second time in a matter of weeks

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Poland is being tricky when it comes to his EU reform proposals,

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which he needs all the EU leaders to sign up to.

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Real negotiations take place behind closed doors.

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In public, it is often what is not said that is significant.

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Poland's Prime Minister politely praised three out of David Cameron's

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She didn't mention cutting EU migrant benefits,

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Is he hinting at what Britain could offer Poland?

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We want a full strategic partnership between Britain and Poland,

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and that is because of the shared interests and shared ideals we have.

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Shared interests in strong defence and supporting Nato in standing up

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to Russian aggression, shared interests in terms

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But improving finances for many Polish, particularly the young,

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Hundreds of thousands have come to the UK, cutting their in work

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In Poland, it is not easy to find a good job.

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Salaries aside, they also fear for their security,

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with aggressive Russia just next door.

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Last week the British Government pledged 1000 troops to take part

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Valuable military support for Poland, whose goodwill

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is vital for David Cameron to get his EU deal.

:20:37.:20:43.

Shuttle diplomacy is intensifying for the Prime Minister ahead

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His EU reform proposals are welcome here.

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And most importantly from the Danish Prime Minister...

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I support all the elements on access to welfare benefits.

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It is no coincidence that the Prime Minister chose

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to hold a press conference in Denmark, and not to take any

:21:07.:21:10.

press questions in Warsaw, where things could have got

:21:11.:21:12.

David Cameron's EU reform proposal is a political hot potato

:21:13.:21:20.

which he hopes will be signed off at a summit in two weeks,

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Expect a roller-coaster of headlines between now and then,

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predicting triumph, concession and even defeat.

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In a historic step to heal the 1,000-year-old rift that split

:21:43.:21:44.

Christianity, the first ever meeting between a Roman Catholic Pope

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and a head of the Russian Orthodox Church will happen in a week's time.

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Pope Francis will stop over in Cuba on his way to Mexico to meet

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Patriarch Kirill for private talks, in an attempt to begin bridging

:21:54.:21:56.

The announcement came in separate press conferences in Moscow

:21:57.:21:59.

The meeting of the leaders of the Roman Orthodox and Catholic churches

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which has been prepared for a long time will become the first one in

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history to mark the important stage of relations between the two

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churches. The Holy See and the Moscow

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representative for that it will be a sign of goodwill to all people. They

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invite all Christians to pray fervently for God to bless this

:22:36.:22:45.

meeting and that it may be fruits. -- bear all the fruits.

:22:46.:22:47.

Almost 30 have washed up on beaches along the North Sea over the past

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few weeks but why are so many sperm whales dying?

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They've been found stranded on beaches in the UK,

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Holland, France and German and tests have now been carried out

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on the latest arrival here in Britain to find out why

:23:03.:23:05.

Our correspondent Danny Shaw has been investigating.

:23:06.:23:08.

It's been a traumatic couple of days on this North Norfolk beach.

:23:09.:23:11.

A sperm whale was stranded here yesterday, alive

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There was a glimmer of hope as it showed signs of moving,

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But last night it died, the latest in a series of whale

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Initial findings show that it was starving and dehydrated.

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All the whales we examined, at least our end, no evidence

:23:31.:23:33.

There has been what we call bile staining the intestines and that

:23:34.:23:42.

indicate it's gone through a period of a lack of feeding and starvation.

:23:43.:23:45.

That would make the animal more compromised.

:23:46.:23:47.

Why have so many of these huge animals, all young males,

:23:48.:23:49.

Experts say bachelor pods are normally found

:23:50.:23:52.

in the North Atlantic, feeding off deepwater

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But they've ended up in the waters of the North Sea,

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which are on average, 98 metres deep and too shallow

:24:01.:24:03.

Over the last few weeks, 29 have been found stranded

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on beaches in the UK, Holland, France and Germany.

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This is the German operation to move them.

:24:13.:24:17.

They can become a health hazard if left on the sands or mud flats.

:24:18.:24:20.

Experts say collectively, this is the worst series of whale

:24:21.:24:23.

And the concern is more of these will turn up on North Sea coasts

:24:24.:24:31.

But how much detail is really known about what's going on under water?

:24:32.:24:38.

An incident like this almost heightens the need for us

:24:39.:24:43.

all to learn more about these enormous and fantastic creatures.

:24:44.:24:53.

This may look like a scene from the days of whale hunting,

:24:54.:24:56.

but these animals have to be examined if answers about why

:24:57.:25:02.

they end up in the wrong sea are to be found.

:25:03.:25:25.

A Ferrari built in 1957 has just sold

:25:26.:25:27.

at auction in Paris for more than thirty-one million dollars.

:25:28.:25:34.

The red 335 Sport Scaglietti won the 1958 Cuban Grand Prix,

:25:35.:25:37.

and set a lap record at the Le Mans 24 Hours race.

:25:38.:25:40.

It was driven by top drivers, including Britain's Stirling Moss.

:25:41.:25:42.

When the auctioneer's commission was added,

:25:43.:25:51.

But for now, from me, Ben Bland, and the rest

:25:52.:26:04.

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