05/02/2016 World News Today


05/02/2016

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Transcript


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that cannot be denied. And from this, to this. A classical

:00:00.:00:00.

take on the Manchester 80s dance scene.

:00:00.:00:18.

Welcome. At least 15,000 people in Syria have gathered at the Turkish

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border after heavy fighting in the city of Aleppo. So far they are not

:00:26.:00:30.

being allowed to cross the frontier, but Turkish aid walkers have gone

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into Syrian territory to give them assistance. The Turkish Prime

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Minister says he believes tens of thousands more refugees may be under

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way. Aleppo is just 60 kilometres from Turkey. Paul Adams reports.

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Aleppo, yesterday, the aftermath of an air strike in a neighbourhood

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under rebel control, the scene now numbingly familiar.

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While world leaders in London have pledged billions of pounds to help

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Syria, the country's devastating civil war seems to have intensified,

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Sending tens of thousands of desperate civilians fleeing

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to the nearby Turkish border, perhaps as many as 70,000 people

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The crossing is a bottleneck as entire families wait

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Turkey has already taken in 2.5 million refugees

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The Turkish president sounded frustrated.

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Our European friends ask us to halt the influx of refugees,

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said Mr Erdogan, but I want to ask them how can we stop this flow

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when they are living amid such tragedy?

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But in two Syrian villages loyal to the government and besieged

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Government forces and their militia allies breaking through rebel

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Four months of Russian air strikes have tipped the military balance.

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The rebels are stretched, fighting newly energised government

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Does President Assad still think he can win this war with Russian

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support, or strengthen his hand in future negotiations?

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Either way there is mounting international concern.

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What you have seen is the intense Russian air strikes,

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mainly targeting opposition groups in Syria, undermining efforts

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to find a political solution to the conflict.

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And adding to a refugee crisis that seems impossible to contain.

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With Turkey struggling to cope, some of these people may keep

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With me now is a professor from the London School of Economics. What do

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you think we can read into this in terms of what it means for how the

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conflict in Syria is developing? Obviously, the balance of power has

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shifted in favour of President Assad. The Syrian army has

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accumulated many tactical gains in the last few months. The Russian

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intervention has allowed the Syrian army to move its fence. The Syrian

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army is marching to Aleppo and is trying to encircle Aleppo and it is

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a matter of hours before it is encircled. You have a million people

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in Aleppo and the city is spread between the Syrian army forces and

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the opposition. We are talking about 500,000 people who are besieged in

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Aleppo. In Syria we are talking about 168 people who live in

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besieged areas. If Aleppo is besieged, we are talking about

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500,000 people and that is why more and more people are escaping the

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city before the noose is finally closed on the city by the Syrian

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army. They are heading for the Turkish border, how well-placed is

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Turkey to handle these sort of numbers? For your viewers, there are

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more than 2 million in Turkey and 2 million in Lebanon and 1 million in

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Jordan. Turkey has got open borders and I am surprised Turkey has

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decided not to open its borders. The Turkish leader is sending the

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message, particularly to the European powers and the United

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States saying, look what you are doing, look what Russia has done.

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There is the fact that Aleppo is part of Turkish spheres of influence

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and in the North the Army has made strategic gains. This is a major

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blow for Turkey. The President is saying, you are responsible, this is

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your responsibility, why do I have to take more in the next few days?

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Thank you very much. We are getting reports of an

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earthquake in southern Taiwan. The US geological survey said it struck

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about 31 kilometres south east of the city with 2 million people. It

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was initially measured at 6.7 and at a shallow depth of ten kilometres.

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One report from Reuters says a building has half collapsed in the

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city. It says the Fire Department is on its way to the scene and

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authorities have formed an emergency response team. People in Taiwan

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posted on Twitter saying, the posted on Twitter saying, the

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earthquake had felt strong. New research suggests the seeker

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virus has been detected in saliva and other bodily fluids. It is

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spreading rapidly in South America and health experts believe it could

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lead to babies being born with abnormally small heads. More than

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4000 babies have been born with the condition since October. The

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research has not changed the current strategy to fight the spread of the

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virus. The strategy remains focused on tackling the mosquito and

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eradicating the mosquito that transmits the seeker virus. It is

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not clear yet at all if this finding means that the virus can be spread

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through saliva or through your in. The only new fact about the spread

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is the fact that the virus is found in these fluids in its active form.

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That is the potential of it being transmitted to other people, but the

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next step is to investigate whether it can be transmitted to other

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people and there are lots of variables that have to be studied to

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assess if that is possible or not. The WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange

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has welcomed the UN ruling which says he has been arbitrarily

:07:19.:07:22.

detained. He says he should be allowed to walk free from Ecuador's

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embassy in London. He has been there since 2012 after an extradition

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request from Sweden. Still officially on Ecuadorian soil,

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still threatened with arrest, Julian Assange emerged

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on to a balcony this afternoon for the first time

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since 2012, the year he sought This is a victory that

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cannot be denied. The UK and Sweden have had this

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judgment for the past two weeks. They did not file an appeal

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in their two-week period. Julian Assange now says he has

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international law on his side. But the self-styled champion of free

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speech and accountability didn't He did want to hear the UN's

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findings, that his detention was arbitrary, meaning

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it was excessive and unnecessary. It had been continuous since 2010,

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the UN said, when he was arrested They decided he has an enforceable

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right to compensation The opinion in itself

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is an opinion and it is legally binding to the extent

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that it's based on international From the UK Government,

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a furious response. He can come out

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on to the pavement any time he chooses, he's not

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being detained by us. But he will have to face justice

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in Sweden if he chooses Today, these policemen outside

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the embassy were for crowd protection but the police

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operation to prevent The lawyer for the

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alleged rape victim put out a statement

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in Sweden saying: Julian Assange's supporters

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are relishing this moment. It's been a dramatic

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day in an extraordinary international saga, but it doesn't

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end this long-running stand-off. For now, he's back inside and still

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no-one knows when he'll come out. A man has been shot dead

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at the weigh-in for a championship The shooting happened

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in a Dublin hotel. The gunmen were dressed

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as police officers and armed More than 200 people

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were in the room when It's understood the police are

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investigating whether the shooting was connected to a feud

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between criminal gangs. The boxing event -

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due to take place on Saturday - Britain's proposed EU reforms have

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been strongly backed The British Prime Minister David

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Cameron's been in Copenhagen, trying to gain support ahead

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of a referendum on whether the UK He also held positive talks

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in Poland - but the Prime Minister there said plans to limit

:10:47.:10:51.

benefits for EU migrants Here's our Europe

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Editor Katya Adler. Warsaw's charming, old city centre

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was built almost from scratch It's a must see for tourists,

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but not on the regular beat Yet this is the second time

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in a matter of weeks that David Poland is being tricky

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when it comes to his EU reform proposals which he needs

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all EU leaders to sign up to. Real negotiations take place

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behind closed doors. In public, it's often what's not

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said that's significant. Poland's Prime Minister politely

:11:34.:11:42.

praised three out of David Cameron's reforms, she didn't mention cutting

:11:43.:11:45.

EU migrant benefits, Is he hinting here at what Britain

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could offer Poland? We want to see a full

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strategic partnership between Britain and Poland

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and that is because of the shared interests and shared

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ideals that we have. Shared interests in strong defence

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and in supporting NATO, in standing up to Russian

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aggression, shared interests in terms of

:12:13.:12:15.

growing our economies. Improving finances for many Poles,

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particularly the young, Hundreds of thousands

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have come to the UK, cutting their in-work benefits

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isn't a popular idea. In Poland, it's not really

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easy to find a good job. Salaries aside, Poles also

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fear for their security with aggressive Russia

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just next door. Last week, the British Government

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pledged 1,000 troops to take part Valuable military support for Poland

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whose goodwill is vital for David Shuttle diplomacy is intensifying

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for the Prime Minister ahead His EU reform proposals

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are welcome here. And most importantly,

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from the Danish Prime I support all the elements

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on access to welfare It's no coincidence

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that the Prime Minister chose to hold a press conference

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here in Denmark and not to take any press questions

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in Warsaw where things could have David Cameron's EU

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reform proposal is a political hot potato,

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he hopes it will be signed off at an EU summit in two weeks' time,

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a long time in politics. Expect a roller coaster of headlines

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between now and then predicting triumph,

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concession and even defeat. Could those rave anthems

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from the 80s be making a comeback Here in the UK a new report into

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the way the National Health Service is run has found that delays

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in discharging patients could be costing the NHS in England

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?900 million a year. The review found that nearly 1 in 10

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hospital beds were taken up by someone medically fit

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enough to be discharged. The government's opponents say

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that the delays are caused by cuts If you cannot get people out of

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hospital, they become gridlocked and it makes it difficult to get people

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into hospital. Some of the problems with care outside of hospitals, we

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have got big cuts in money and we have not got enough staff in

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community and primary care. Hospitals have been left to solve

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this on their own rather than working with local government and

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with primary and community care. There are things hospitals are doing

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to set up their own step-down unit to move people into an area where

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they get care, but it frees up beds for more patients to come in.

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but it frees up beds for more patients to come in.

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Hello, the latest headlines. At least 15,000 Syrian refugees who

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have fled fighting in Aleppo have gathered at a border crossing with

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Turkey. There are new fears over how the seeker virus might be

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transmitted after it was found in human saliva.

:15:36.:15:46.

We are getting reports of an earthquake in southern Taiwan. It

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struck 31 kilometres south east of Tainan, a city of 2 million people.

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It was initially measured at the magnitude of 6.7 and at a shallow

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depth of ten kilometres. One report from Reuters says a building has

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half collapsed in Tainan. It says the city's Fire Department is on its

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way to the scene and the authorities have formed an emergency response

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We will bring you more details as we go.

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Almost 30 have washed up on beaches along the North Sea over the past

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few weeks - why are so many sperm whales dying?

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They've been found stranded on beaches in the UK,

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Holland, France and Germany, and tests have now been carried out

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on the latest arrival here in Britain to find out why

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Our Correspondent Danny Savage has been investigating.

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It's been a traumatic couple of days on this North Norfolk beach.

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A sperm whale was stranded here yesterday, alive

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There was a glimmer of hope as it showed signs of moving as the tide

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But last night it died, the latest in a series of whale

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Initial findings show that it was starving and dehydrated.

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All the whales we examined, at least our end, no evidence

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There has been what we call bile staining the intestines and that

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indicate it's gone through a period of a lack of feeding and starvation.

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That would make the animal more compromised.

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Why have so many of these huge animals, all young males,

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Experts say bachelor pods are normally found

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in the North Atlantic, feeding off deepwater

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But they've ended up in the waters of the North Sea,

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which are on average, 98 metres deep and too shallow

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Over the last few weeks, 29 have been found stranded

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on beaches in the UK, Holland, France and Germany.

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This is the German operation to move them.

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They can become a health hazard if left on the sands or mud flaps.

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Experts say collectively, this is the worst series of whale

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And the concern is more of these will turn up on North Sea coasts

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But how much detail is really known about what's going on under water?

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An incident like this almost heightens the need for us

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all to learn more about these enormous and fantastic creatures.

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This may look like a scene from the days of whale hunting,

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but these animals have to be examined if answers about why

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they end up in the wrong sea to be found.

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Now, it was the music that outraged politicians and had police chasing

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Acid House music fuelled illegal parties and drug taking in 1980s

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Britain on a scale not seen since the Sixties.

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The heart of the high energy, drug fuelled scene was at

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Manchester's world famous Hacienda night club.

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The club is no more, but the music is enjoying

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a bit of a revival - albeit in a slightly

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more sedate form - as our Entertainment Correspondent

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For a moment in time the Hacienda was the most influential club

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The place to be, the place to dance, where whole weekends would get lost

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It's almost 20 years since it closed in a blur of drugs, guns and gangs.

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Although, it's never sounded quite like this before.

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Hacienda classics in a classical style.

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The orchestra, classical sound is very emotive.

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Rock and roll tends to push you, tends to bite you, tends to make

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people, grrr, you know, like dance music.

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It's quite funny when I told the conductor about smoke machines.

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He went, "Smoke machines, they won't be able

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We're going to get him a pair of them ones that light

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It's quite a change from podium dancers to a conductor on a podium.

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One big difference from the heyday of the Hacienda because tonight

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is a classical venue and there is no dance floor.

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But with these guys on board, it seems highly unlikely

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the audience will remain in their seats.

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It shows you the depth and the musicality of the original

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I thought we'd try and transform a DJ mix in to a score.

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So when you've got one track mixing into another track and two musical

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elements coming together, that's what the orchestra

:20:52.:20:53.

And tonight will be extra special for one regular at the Hacienda

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who's graduated from Manchester raver...

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To Manchester Camerata's first violin.

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Just the whole buzz of going into each different track,

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it's like just being there next to the big speaker, dancing.

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It's brilliant, absolutely loving it.

:21:23.:21:28.

There are now plans for a tour, but it remains to be seen

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if classical music critics will give it rave reviews.

:21:32.:21:43.

Rugby Union's 6 Nations Championship gets underway this weekend -

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as Scotland take on England in Edinburgh.

:21:49.:21:50.

England have a new captain and and a new coach and are hoping

:21:51.:21:55.

this will be the start of brighter things after a dismal World Cup

:21:56.:21:59.

where Scotland turned out to be the best team from Europe.

:22:00.:22:06.

Scotland and Murrayfield, we know what it is going to be like, we know

:22:07.:22:12.

what to expect in the Calcutta cup. The mission is to go out there and

:22:13.:22:19.

play in the Calcutta cup. There is no pressure, the pressure is for the

:22:20.:22:23.

team to play well. If we are good enough, we will win the game, if

:22:24.:22:30.

not, we will not win the game. It is nice to be able to have players who

:22:31.:22:35.

know each other and to have trained beforehand. There is no guarantee,

:22:36.:22:39.

There is no guarantee, but given the timescale it helps.

:22:40.:22:45.

This Sunday - the 50th Superbowl takes place in California

:22:46.:22:48.

between the Denver Broncos and the Carolina Panthers.

:22:49.:22:50.

It's the climax to the American football season and is one

:22:51.:22:53.

of the world's most popular sporting events.

:22:54.:22:56.

But as Alex South reports, the Superbowl came from much more

:22:57.:22:59.

The famous Vince Lombardi trophy was first fought over in 1967, but it

:23:00.:23:13.

was not even superb back then. Its name was the AFL, NFL World

:23:14.:23:18.

Championship game. Super Bowl rolls off the tongue a little more easily.

:23:19.:23:24.

Back then the average player got around $6,000 a year. Nowadays, that

:23:25.:23:29.

would take the best player just over an hour to make. There are now the

:23:30.:23:36.

famous half-time shows. In the early days you were lucky if you got a

:23:37.:23:42.

marching band. But Michael Jackson's performance in 1993 changed all that

:23:43.:23:46.

forever leading to some of the biggest names in music to gate-crash

:23:47.:23:51.

the party. Who could forget his sister's wardrobe malfunction in

:23:52.:23:57.

2004. Players had changed as well. Size really matters. The average

:23:58.:24:04.

player weighed in at 251lbs and was 6'3" tall. In 2016 that average

:24:05.:24:09.

looks tiny as the majority of players wait around 310lbs and are

:24:10.:24:15.

now around six feet five. You cannot teach size, but you can ask for a

:24:16.:24:21.

decent haircut once in awhile. There have been plenty of disasters over

:24:22.:24:24.

the years proving money cannot buy you everything. Fascinating, that is

:24:25.:24:35.

all the spot for now. Let's take you back to the breaking news, an

:24:36.:24:40.

earthquake in southern Taiwan. It struck about 31 kilometres south

:24:41.:24:44.

east of Tainan, a city of nearly 2 million people. The quake was

:24:45.:24:51.

initially measured at a magnitude of 6.7. We are now getting some reports

:24:52.:24:56.

of multiple buildings having collapsed, among them a residential

:24:57.:25:01.

building. Those are the latest lines which are getting. We will keep you

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updated and bring you the latest on BBC News. For now that is all from

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the programme. From me and the rest of the team, thank you for

:25:13.:25:14.

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