25/02/2016 World News Today


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A French judge upholds a government plan


to demolish parts of a makeshift migrant camp near Calais.


As Europe warns its open border system is facing collapse


the migrant trail across the continent is coming to a halt


If this is the one gate that migrants came from Greece to


Macedonia have to pass through. For much of the last three days, it has


stayed shut. A final plea for support on the eve


of Ireland's election - The country's on the up


but where many voters have been one of the world's most


famous locomotives - the Flying Scotsman -


is back on the tracks. A French court has given the green


light to government plans to clear part of the notorious


Calais migrant camp, Hundreds of people


from the Middle East and Africa have been living


in the camp, in the hope of crossing Calais is a draw for many


because of its location with a major ferry port


and Eurotunnel rail terminal. But the camp's population has been


growing in recent months, while new fences have been erected


around the terminal. The authorities say around


a thousand migrants will be affected by the eviction


and force will be used if necessary Aid agencies say the number of those


involved is much higher. But the French Interior


Minister says a violent TRANSLATION: it has never been the


government's intention to go ahead with a brutal evacuation of the area


south of Calais using bulldozers, with computer reading the north of


migrants. That approach is not a way of doing things. Our politics -- our


politics is to take charge of the situation. To take care of the


people, and to care of Glik for all those who are vulnerable with


humanitarian objective. From tomorrow, the state will try and


find humanitarian solution in tune with the ballot asthma values of our


country. Our correspondent Tomos Morgan


gave me the latest from the camp. Migrants living in the area which is


half of the camp here have three choices. They can move into the


containers that the government have set out for them, they can move to a


different area of France, in search of other migrant asylum areas, or


they can claim asylum in France, and that is their preferred option. The


authorities have said that they the white force anyone to leave. -- they


won't force anyone to leave. They are trying to close down the


southern area, but they said that they will keep some of the community


structures, the school, the church, the legal Centre, because they are


paddlers Hazmat pillars of the community created here. However, aid


charities have already criticised the decision. Theresa May said that


even if you keep some of those community structures, the risks --


segregating them. -- the charity said.


Give us an idea of what the conditions are like this. The


conditions are better in Calais than they are in the Dunkirk camp, which


is around 30 miles down the road. Aid workers, and many different


workers, have been here for several months helping people from around


the world, from the Middle East and Africa. Many of them live in


structures built out of wood and canvas, and the women and children


particularly get extra help from charities, they get supplies, and


today, they were allowed to pick out their clothes in a more dignified


manner than other charities dishing out food. The situation is not good,


but it is better than in Dunkirk, where everyone is living in tents,


and the situation has been described by the Red Cross as some of the


worst conditions they have ever seen.


The EU migration Commissioner is warning that the border between


Greece and Macedonia is risking collapse.


Greece has recalled its ambassador to Austria amid growing divisions


among EU states over the migrant crisis.


Thousands of people are now stranded in Greece after other countries


began to implement strict border controls.


Our correspondent Danny Savage reports from a migrant


At the main border, 3000 people living on a site built a half that


number. Living on the migrant trail, it has slowed to a crawl. This is


the spot where people have to pass through. But for much of the last


three days, it has stayed shut. That is because the next border going


north, between Macedonia and Serbia, is closed for much of the time as


well. It the classic domino effect. We wait, six hours, seven hours,


until the board is open. Sometimes, they closed the border, but people


go to the camp. Just over the border, the train was stuck for


hours, and frustrations grew. Just wait, just wait. What is the


problem? So a backlog of coaches and clean it is is building up down the


line. This is a service station just short of the border. Greece is is in


danger of becoming a warehouse of souls, and interior minister said.


There has been a sharp rise in number of children on the move.


These Iraqi twins were born in Turkey, and had been travelling all


life. We have an increasing unaccompanied children, and at Greek


level, there is not capacity to shelter them, and to give them basic


care. I also talked to these Afghans and Pakistani 's. They will not be


allowed to cross the border because they are not Syrian or Iraqi. They


will probably head for the hills. Organise and don't move! In the last


three days, 8000 people have arrived in Greece like this. And they will


try to push north by whatever means, despite all the pretty -- political


rows. Joining me is Ian Bond,


Foreign Policy Director How common is it for an ambassador


to be recalled over a matter like this? Forte EU countries, it is very


unusual indeed. I cannot think of a previous occasion. The problem is


that the countries on the front line like Greece and Italy have their own


agenda, but other countries like Austria and Hungary want to limit


the number of migrants coming through, and there is a disconnect


between the tee. There is, and what the Austrians are going to do if


they carry on in this way is to bottle up ever larger numbers in


Greece, and they cannot cope with the numbers. What do you think can


be done now in terms of getting them to come together and find some sort


of plan? The European Commission has been trying to do that today, and


the Commissioner has been talking about that and talking about the


need for coordinated action. But the most important thing is that the EU


needs to start looking beyond the borders to see how it stops people


beginning this perilous journey to Europe, because if it cannot stop


that, then it cannot stop people coming from Syria. It is not going


to be able to cope with the problem in these enormous numbers of


migrants. So try and sort the problem at the source? By perfecting


piece to Syria? That is not likely in the short term. We had a recent


conference to raise money. How useful is that money going to be?


The money is going to be useful, but it is not enough to try and provide


sustainable livelihoods for people in the region. As well as trying to


work for peace in Syria, which is going to be a long-term problem, you


can try and keep the people going to Turkey and Jordan and Lebanon in


better conditions, so they have less of an incentive to travel on. If


they are living in tense, if the children cannot get educated, they


can listen to the smugglers, and they will take several thousand


dollars can get them into Europe. There has been a lot of tension with


a whole British exit issue. Is that taking the attention away from... It


has had two effects. It has meant that the EU has been talking about


Britain's problems when it should have been talking about Syria's


problems. British politicians have not felt able or brave enough to say


that Britain needs to play a bigger role in accepting some of those


refugees. Should they play a bigger role? Yes, they then Ie we should.


The numbers involved are largely the enormous. They are facing most


horrendous conditions in Syria, and they are increasingly facing


difficulties in the countries that they are going to. Britain, so far,


has made a tiny offer, in terms of 20,000 people over the next few


years, whereas Germany, they have taken 3.5 million or more. Thank you


for talking to us. And for all the latest


on Europe's migration crisis, Along with full coverage


of the latest developments, you'll find analysis, including


comment by Damian Grammaticas, the BBC's Europe


correspondent in Brussels. Let's have a look at some of the


day's other news. A bitter battle over gay rights


in Italy could be nearing an end after the Senate there voted


to grant legal recognition Premier Matteo Renzi described


the passage of the bill But gay and lesbian groups


see the legislation as a betrayal because Mr Renzi's


party sacrificed a provision to allow gay adoption


in order to ensure passage. A study of people who survived


the Ebola virus in west Africa has found that most of them will have


long-lasting health problems. Analysis shows that in the 6 months


after being discharged, about two-thirds of patients had


body weakness, while regular headaches, depressive symptoms


and memory loss were found in half. Harvard University in the US


is going to remove the word "master" from academic titles,


after protests from students who claimed the title


had echoes of slavery - House masters, in charge


of residential halls, This latest dispute is part


of a series of protests about race and identity which have erupted


across US campuses. A growing number of Christians


are fleeing Pakistan - fearing a rise in extremist violence


in their mainly Muslim homeland. Thousands are travelling


to nearby Thailand - but because the country


doesn't offer asylum, many - including children -


are being interned. The BBC's Chris Rogers has been


undercover in the Thai detention facilities and sent this


report from the capital, If this Christian service was taking


place in certain parts of their homeland, this pasta and his


congregation could be risking their lives. Entire families have left


Pakistan, ignoring the hostile neighbours, arriving in Thailand.


Each has its own story of persecution and those that didn't


make it. TRANSLATION: my sister was burned


alive. Only because she said the word God. She was burned for this


reason alone. But she said the reason -- she said the word God.


Their trauma is far from over. Here in Bangkok, Pakistani family rely on


hand-outs. Thailand is not signed up to you in international agreement to


take on a silent secret -- seekers. The United Nations refugee agency


has been allowed to step in. It investigates the asylum claims and


relocate them to another country. The process is taking years. The


tight immigration and police are growing impatient. Has this husband


been taken away? Yes, he has been taken away. I have just come to this


apartment block. I have seen dozens of women sobbing, and it became


clear why. They have taken all of their husbands. In a series of


raids, Pakistani women and children are also rounded up, charged with


illegal immigration, find and imprisoned. This is where they are


taking two. Bangkok's main detention centre for illegal immigrants.


Journalists are not welcome. We have had to pose as charity volunteers.


We see many Pakistani Christians. Including children. The noise is


their cries for help to be freed. How long have you been here?


Three months. All be charity volunteers can offer them is food


and water. A lot of women are complaining the children are ill.


They have diarrhoea because of the dirty water. Imprisoning a child


with adults, even with their parents, is a breach of


international law. They are taken back to these hot, overcrowded


cells. The Thai government say that the strives to provide the best


possible care. But those who cannot pay their fines for illegal


immigration are sent to a Thai jail. Some are freed after charities pay


for their release. TRANSLATION: late put us in


shackles. We are in a lot of pain. With just eight staff to process


11,500 Pakistani asylum requests, UNHCR say that limited resources


have led to delays in Thailand. The type government say that it leaves


and with no choice but to arrest illegal immigrant.


Political campaigning is drawing to a close in Ireland ahead


of tomorrow's election - a contest which pollsters


are predicting could produce a hung parliament and weeks


Our Ireland correspondent Chris Bucker has been looking


at the main issues during the campaign.


Just a warning there are flashing images from the start


In the middle of an election, politicians are not usually keen to


look like a used car salesman. But the Irish prime ministers seems


happy to have this country's economy and his policies tested. A key part


of end Kenny's sales pitch is about bailouts and economic sales prices.


In the last five years, he has called his critics whinges. Dublin


is benefiting from this recovery, other places aren't? I recalled the


days of endless wealth in Ireland. The same comments were being made


about the Celtic Tiger. That is why we look for a second term, so we can


finish the job, and deal with that myth. But some have found it


difficult keeping their faith in the politicians during Ireland's era of


austerity. The imposition of new taxes and cuts have meant that still


some people are waiting to see the improvements of themselves. I am


finding it very hard. Certainly when you are on social welfare. You are


trying to get by. All that is gaining, them. It is their own


effort. There are people trying to take advantage of the anger directed


against politician. Many independent, and anti-austerity


candidates are standing. The opposition leader has been


trying to win back voters who blame them when the Celtic Tiger


collapsed. The politicians have a lot to do to overcome the public's


sceptic a system of politics. That scepticism. There's been another


leader who is being talked out about a lot. Gerry Adams, once seen as the


political wing IRA north of the border. Sinn Fein has tried to


reinvent itself as an antiestablishment party of the


South. It is about the ordinary people. Whether it is fairness. The


problem for Mr Adams is that the Republic's big two parties are not


making advantage is that advances. They have ruled out formal coalition


with Sinn Fein. The polls suggest that a deal will have to be done if


a government has to be formed. If not, it could mean another election


for Ireland. Here in Here in Britain a major report has


found the BBC guilty of serious failings with regard to Jimmy Savile


- the former television entertainer who committed dozens


of sexual attacks. For several decades,


he was one of Britain's biggest But, a year after Savile's death


in 2011, allegations The report said there was a culture


of "reverence and fear" Soweto in South Africa


is a place rich in history, famous for its pivotal role


in the anti-apartheid struggle. One local man's passion for bird


watching is helping to put the township on the map


for another reason - The BBC spent the day


with Raymond Rampolokeng, Soweto's first bird guide,


as he taught local youngsters the importance of birds


and maintaining the green spaces the black headed Heron, right in our


backyard. My nickname is the Birdman of


Soweto. It is a catchy name, and I like it. As young boys growing up in


Soweto, we would go out and hunt for birds. I did not know later in life


that I would be met with the challenge of educating our community


and the world about the importance of bird conservation. The birds we


are hearing now are a mixture of Sparrow and house sparrow. I


volunteered in a local conservation group, which was also looking at


telling a problematic area with markings and robberies were taking


place. We had programmes for young kids, which linked me up with the


wetland area, which is teeming with birds. That is where my love for


birding started. I didn't know that I would be the first bird guide to


come from Soweto. That is history. I was hooked.


We are at the park, and this is a very personal passion of mine.


Working with young kids. We do walkabouts. We look at different


bird species. Birds eat different things that they


source either from the ground from here. Also, crumbs from outside our


kitchens. It is beautiful working with the local kids who are also


changing the perception of older people, particularly their parents.


It is a wonderful feeling, that one is making, knowing that we are


appreciating art buyer of diversity in Soweto. -- our biodiversity.


For the benefit of future generations to come.


The Flying Scotsman, one of the world's most famous steam


locomotives, has made its historic return to the tracks.


Thousands turned out to watch its journey


from London's King's Cross station to York, following a decade-long,


Our transport correspondent Richard Westcott was onboard.


It's not a locomotive, it's a celebrity.


Flying Scotsman, back centre-stage on its old stomping ground,


For the crew, it's a tough, filthy, rewarding job.


This very cramped passage is just one of the things that makes


It meant that drivers could change over whilst the train


That made this the first service that went from London


This engine has had all the ups and downs


Then shipped off to the United States, shipped off to Australia.


It's caused heartache, heartbreaks, heart attacks and bankruptcies.


I think many people believed it would never again,


NEWSREEL: The beautiful engine eased out of platform 10.


Flying Scotsman's always made headlines.


It was the first train officially clocked at 100 mph.


Today, the only delays were down to train-spotters on the line.


At its birthplace in Doncaster, they can still pull the crowds.


Journey's end in York and the crew are stars for the day.


The enthusiasm, people coming out on to the tracks to see


It's brilliant to see everyone lineside.


Great to see everyone's supporting the engine.


Flying Scotsman's going to be touring again.


So thousands more can revel in this sight.


Finally to the White House, where President Obama hosted


a concert on Wednesday to pay tribute to the late Ray Charles.


gospel singer Yolanda Adams and The Band Perry were among


a group of contemporary artists who performed Charles' music


Mr Obama even joined in with a bit of singing himself,


I will not be singing. But for our last one, it is fitting, that we pay


tribute to one of our favourites. One of the most brilliant and


influential musicians of our times, the late, great genius himself, Mr


Ray Charles. On that musical note, it is goodbye


from me and the team. Thank you for watching. Goodbye.


It may not be as cold as recent nights have been. Having said that,


it gets off to a chilly start. There is


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