27/02/2016 World News Today


27/02/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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The first pause to the fighting in Syria in five years appears to be

:00:09.:00:11.

97 groups signed up to the two-week ceasefire -

:00:12.:00:18.

but there have been reports of some sporadic clashes and a car bombing.

:00:19.:00:27.

Here's our correspondent Mark Lowen, who is close to the Syrian border

:00:28.:00:30.

This is what five years of hell has done to Syria.

:00:31.:00:35.

Homs, once a historical jewel, now a ghost town.

:00:36.:00:39.

As the ceasefire came into effect, a moment to breathe and play.

:00:40.:00:43.

There have been some incidents today.

:00:44.:00:57.

We do not believe the Assad regime will stop its attacks.

:00:58.:01:21.

We have had so many disappointments in the past.

:01:22.:01:23.

We all wish for the best and that national unity

:01:24.:01:25.

Everyone was waiting for the ceasefire.

:01:26.:01:28.

Today the streets are busy and people are relieved.

:01:29.:01:30.

The truce does not apply to the Nusra Front or

:01:31.:01:32.

These pictures showing another strike by coalition jets.

:01:33.:01:35.

If the other side's ceasefire holds, peace talks should begin on the 7th

:01:36.:01:38.

There are plenty of reasons for scepticism.

:01:39.:01:42.

Even under the best of circumstances, the violence

:01:43.:01:49.

All parties must end attacks, including aerial bombardment.

:01:50.:01:54.

Humanitarian aid must be allowed to reach areas under siege.

:01:55.:02:03.

continue their advance against the Kurdish militia.

:02:04.:02:10.

A reminder that this war has so many factions on so many fronts.

:02:11.:02:13.

Five years of war have crushed that but

:02:14.:02:18.

at least it is relief from the daily barrage of bombing and hope

:02:19.:02:21.

that this might provide a window of opportunity for people to come

:02:22.:02:24.

Even if the ceasefire holds, there is still no

:02:25.:02:27.

long-term plan on how to end this war and how a broken country can

:02:28.:02:30.

Early results in Iran's parliamentary elections show

:02:31.:02:41.

reformist supporters of President Rouhani have

:02:42.:02:44.

They have also advanced in elections for the body that chooses

:02:45.:02:48.

President Rouhani has said the poll has strengthened his government.

:02:49.:03:02.

Dr Mansour Farhang, Iran's first ambassador to the United Nations

:03:03.:03:04.

after the revolution, joins us now from the US

:03:05.:03:06.

The first time in a long time that the reformists have done well in

:03:07.:03:17.

these elections. This is not the first time but it is a significant

:03:18.:03:23.

achievement in the sense that reformists have 3000 candidates.

:03:24.:03:27.

Only 30 of them are qualified to run. They managed to create

:03:28.:03:34.

coalition with supporters of the president and independent

:03:35.:03:38.

candidates. They have ended up winning the election in ten rounds.

:03:39.:03:44.

Of the 30 delegates, 29 are on the list of the reformists. There is

:03:45.:03:49.

only one radical or hardliner included in the list. This is a very

:03:50.:03:54.

significant achievement. If reformists do indeed do well, will

:03:55.:03:58.

it lead to warmer relations with the West? There is no question that the

:03:59.:04:06.

president and his supporters want to improve relations with the Western

:04:07.:04:11.

world. Today, the reformists, under the best of circumstances, based on

:04:12.:04:17.

the vote count up to now would constitute only 30% of the 290

:04:18.:04:25.

member parliament. They will still be a minority because they are not

:04:26.:04:28.

permitted to have candidates in the vast majority of the locations

:04:29.:04:33.

throughout the country. The fact that in the assembly of experts the

:04:34.:04:39.

leading three candidates were critics of the hardliners clearly

:04:40.:04:42.

demonstrates that the public opinion is very much wavering the president

:04:43.:04:50.

and the reformists. Through the influence of public opinion, the

:04:51.:04:55.

reformists might have the strength in their hands but not because they

:04:56.:05:00.

have a majority in parliament. You were ambassador during the US

:05:01.:05:06.

embassy hostage crisis. This must be significant from your experience of

:05:07.:05:15.

Koran's -- Iran's journey it has been on to this date. I resigned my

:05:16.:05:24.

position and did my best efforts about hostage negotiations with the

:05:25.:05:29.

UN. It failed. I submitted my resignation, protesting an illegal

:05:30.:05:35.

and immoral act, the hostagetaking. There is no question there is an

:05:36.:05:40.

evolutionary process in Iranian society. 70% of Iranians today are

:05:41.:05:49.

under four years old. That means they were babies or not born during

:05:50.:05:55.

the 1979 revolution. These people are not really identifying with the

:05:56.:05:59.

radical idea that the early revolutionaries had and are having

:06:00.:06:04.

an impact on public policy, public opinion, and the gender orientation

:06:05.:06:09.

of the state. The first generation leaders of the revolution, it seems

:06:10.:06:17.

they have a very difficult time to understand this dramatic change in

:06:18.:06:22.

public opinion and take action in the direction of normalising Iran's

:06:23.:06:28.

relations with the rest of the world. It is a matter of time before

:06:29.:06:33.

reformists and more moderate elements take the upper hand. Thank

:06:34.:06:35.

you very much. The latest round in the battle

:06:36.:06:42.

for the Democratic Party nomination in the US presidential election has

:06:43.:06:44.

moved to South Carolina. Hillary Clinton is favourite to win

:06:45.:06:47.

but her rival Bernie Sanders will be hoping to get some momentum

:06:48.:06:50.

ahead of "Super Tuesday". That's when 11 states

:06:51.:06:52.

will hold their primaries next week. Well, our correspondent Kim Ghattas,

:06:53.:06:57.

is in Columbia in South Carolina. It has been a slow but steady

:06:58.:07:01.

trickle of voters in Colombia The Democratic primary race is under

:07:02.:07:05.

way. with her Democratic

:07:06.:07:19.

rival, the senator from Here, she is leading

:07:20.:07:24.

by a wide margin. She is certainly

:07:25.:07:27.

hoping for a big win. In 2008 she lost big

:07:28.:07:30.

against her then rival, This time around she

:07:31.:07:37.

has had a difficult start to her campaign but she won

:07:38.:07:41.

the caucus in Nevada. The mood in the Clinton

:07:42.:07:46.

campaign changed. They are hoping with

:07:47.:07:48.

a big win in South Carolina, they will be able to book

:07:49.:07:50.

momentum in all of the big states For Mr Sanders, it

:07:51.:07:55.

has been much harder. He has had trouble

:07:56.:08:01.

connecting with minority If you go to his big

:08:02.:08:03.

rallies in other states but you will see crowds

:08:04.:08:08.

of excited young voters. In South Carolina it has been

:08:09.:08:13.

a smaller crowd of mostly In essence, he has come

:08:14.:08:15.

to the conclusion that he has gone ahead to Texas,

:08:16.:08:23.

hoping to rally excitement and rally his supporters

:08:24.:08:28.

ahead of super Tuesday, the day when 11 states vote

:08:29.:08:38.

across the US on March Ballots are still being counted

:08:39.:08:41.

after Friday's vote in the Republic Exit polls suggest the governing

:08:42.:08:48.

coalition will fall well short of getting enough seats

:08:49.:08:51.

to keep its majority in the lower At the moment we're getting around

:08:52.:09:09.

18, 19 results on the election in this immensely complex process of

:09:10.:09:15.

counting single transferable votes in multimember constituencies. This

:09:16.:09:19.

is a camp for five of the seven Dublin constituencies. Between three

:09:20.:09:23.

and five members each. They'll be well into tonight and possibly

:09:24.:09:29.

tomorrow before we know for certain who has been elected for the

:09:30.:09:32.

constituencies and four constituencies across the country.

:09:33.:09:37.

The big story is that the ruling coalition, which campaigned on its

:09:38.:09:40.

record of modest economic recovery, has been trounced is too strong a

:09:41.:09:47.

word but has failed to produce the increase in votes it is hoping for.

:09:48.:09:51.

The Scherer the vote has fallen considerably. Many people outside of

:09:52.:09:57.

Dublin and the big cities are not experiencing that economic recovery.

:09:58.:10:02.

Equally, no other party is a key close to the 79 seats which would be

:10:03.:10:06.

required to form a government in the Irish parliament. As a result, there

:10:07.:10:10.

is going to be a great deal of horse trading. There is talk of a grand

:10:11.:10:20.

coalition between two parties, the traditional big guns of Irish

:10:21.:10:22.

politics, whose rivalry goes right back to the Irish civil war of the

:10:23.:10:27.

1920s. There is talk of them coming together and a rainbow coalition. It

:10:28.:10:32.

seems there will be weeks before we know whether or not there will be a

:10:33.:10:36.

government or whether there might have to be another general election.

:10:37.:10:42.

Why is the result of this election is so important? It is important for

:10:43.:10:50.

Ireland because the country was put under considerable pressure in the

:10:51.:10:55.

wake of the banking crash by the European Commission, the European

:10:56.:11:00.

Central Bank, the International Monetary Fund. It embraced a series

:11:01.:11:04.

of posterity measures, tax increases and so on. In some ways it is being

:11:05.:11:19.

held up as a success for austerity. The problem is, across much of

:11:20.:11:24.

Europe, it has been difficult to persuade voters. They see a lot of

:11:25.:11:28.

pain and see unemployment. Huge number is the people from Ireland,

:11:29.:11:33.

particularly young people, have emigrated in search of work. Lots of

:11:34.:11:37.

families are looking at the sons and daughters having left the country

:11:38.:11:40.

with no guarantee they'll be able to come back. It is something of a test

:11:41.:11:44.

case for other European countries. Berry interesting to see whether the

:11:45.:11:49.

pattern in Ireland is repeated elsewhere in the coming years.

:11:50.:11:53.

Finance ministers from the world's leading economies have warned

:11:54.:11:56.

of a shock to the global economy if Britain votes to leave

:11:57.:11:58.

the European Union in June's referendum.

:11:59.:12:00.

The G20 finance ministers also said the global recovery had fallen short

:12:01.:12:03.

of their expectations and called for individual and collective

:12:04.:12:05.

They're in charge of the world's biggest economies with plenty

:12:06.:12:12.

Volatile markets, the falling price of oil and how to speed up growth

:12:13.:12:18.

But as G20 finance ministers meet in Shanghai there are fears

:12:19.:12:23.

to about what happens next in the UK.

:12:24.:12:29.

And for the Chancellor arguing for Britain to stay in the EU,

:12:30.:12:40.

it has given him something to smile about.

:12:41.:12:45.

The financial leaders of the world's biggest countries have

:12:46.:12:47.

given their unanimous verdict and they say that a British exit

:12:48.:12:50.

from the EU would be a shock to the world economy and if it's

:12:51.:12:53.

a shock to the world economy, imagine what it would do to Britain.

:12:54.:12:56.

It's an unusual move to highlight the UK referendum among global

:12:57.:12:59.

economic risks but those voting for Britain to leave say

:13:00.:13:03.

they would be a more powerful player over the world if we step out

:13:04.:13:09.

I am not surprised that big government gets together to back

:13:10.:13:16.

David Cameron but the reality of life is that there is a great big

:13:17.:13:20.

world outside Europe and only by divorcing ourself

:13:21.:13:21.

from the European Union can we enter our own trade

:13:22.:13:24.

To stay or leave, it is not long now until the UK gets to have its say.

:13:25.:13:35.

The world and its economic leaders will be watching.

:13:36.:13:45.

Reports from Afghanistan say at least 21 people,

:13:46.:13:47.

including women and children, have been killed in two suicide

:13:48.:13:49.

The first blast in the eastern province of Kunar killed 12

:13:50.:13:53.

A further explosion in the capital Kabul left at least nine people

:13:54.:13:57.

The Taliban said they had were behind the attack

:13:58.:14:00.

which was outside the defence ministry building.

:14:01.:14:11.

Tens of thousands of people demonstrated against Poland's

:14:12.:14:13.

new right-wing government in the capital, Warsaw.

:14:14.:14:14.

They say it is becoming increasingly authoritarian,

:14:15.:14:16.

and is threatening the judiciary and free media.

:14:17.:14:18.

The European Commission has also raised concerns about the rule

:14:19.:14:20.

of law in Poland, but the government has rejected all criticism.

:14:21.:14:26.

Thousands of supporters of the murdered Russian opposition

:14:27.:14:28.

politician, Boris Nemtsov, have marched through Moscow

:14:29.:14:30.

and Saint Petersburg to mark the anniversary of his death.

:14:31.:14:32.

Nemtsov's family claim the killing was politically motivated

:14:33.:14:37.

as Mr Nemstov was a fierce critic of President Putin.

:14:38.:14:39.

Five Chechen men accused of carrying out the killing are expected to go

:14:40.:14:43.

The bizarre architecture it you can find in China, the ruling, this

:14:44.:15:03.

party is out of patience with it. 25 year old Beth Anderson and 19

:15:04.:15:10.

year-old Izzy Squire both died It remains unclear exactly how

:15:11.:15:21.

the three British holidaymakers died, but it has been claimed

:15:22.:15:25.

that they were not with Police in Vietnam have launched an

:15:26.:15:36.

investigation into the circumstances surrounding the deaths.

:15:37.:15:38.

Our correspondent Andy Gill has the latest.

:15:39.:15:44.

The officials have told the BBC One may have slipped and take on the

:15:45.:15:50.

other two with them. South Yorkshire Police said they are supporting the

:15:51.:15:54.

family here in Sheffield. They and the officials from the Foreign and

:15:55.:15:59.

Commonwealth Office are trying to find out the exact circumstances of

:16:00.:16:02.

how the three young British people came to be killed.

:16:03.:16:12.

The first major truce in Syria's five-year civil war appears largely

:16:13.:16:17.

Partial results from Iran's parliamentary elections suggest

:16:18.:16:20.

the reformists have done well in Tehran.

:16:21.:16:30.

Robert Mugabe has celebrated his 92nd birthday. He has thrown a huge

:16:31.:16:37.

party attended by thousands of people, including some heads of

:16:38.:16:41.

state. However, not everyone saw this as a cause to celebrate.

:16:42.:16:46.

Critics say the festivities were inappropriate in light of the

:16:47.:16:57.

current drought in the country. Traffic was brought to a San -- a

:16:58.:17:03.

standstill as thousands turned out to celebrate Robert Mugabe's

:17:04.:17:12.

birthday. Not even the rain has stopped thousands of Zimbabweans

:17:13.:17:16.

from coming here to celebrate the birthday of the 92-year-old leader.

:17:17.:17:22.

Not many people can argue about the contribution by Robert Mugabe to the

:17:23.:17:25.

liberation struggle. People here are also expecting to address the

:17:26.:17:32.

tension and infighting in his ruling party. Now, together, we must find

:17:33.:17:46.

our way to the problems that we face. We cannot lead such misguided

:17:47.:18:01.

youth. No. Why tapping he is in the Mark of the good shape for a

:18:02.:18:10.

92-year-old who has outfoxed his rumours about his death. -- He is in

:18:11.:18:26.

very good shape. He will be encouraging young people to do the

:18:27.:18:31.

best they can, to develop their own country, and protect our

:18:32.:18:36.

independence. Many have criticised the ruling party, accusing them of

:18:37.:18:42.

being sensitive to the work as the country faces its worst drought in

:18:43.:18:46.

decades. They could not contain their excitement as celebrations

:18:47.:18:48.

continued throughout the day. Leicester have stretched

:18:49.:18:54.

their lead at the top of the English Premier League

:18:55.:19:04.

to five points after an 89th minute Substitue Leonardo Ulloa came

:19:05.:19:07.

on with 15 minutes to play Norwich remain above the relegation

:19:08.:19:10.

zone only goal difference. Leicester's unbelievable

:19:11.:19:14.

season continues. I told before the Arsenal match, it

:19:15.:19:25.

is more difficult than the Arsenal match. Norwich, in the last 20

:19:26.:19:29.

minutes, I think, every action. Both teams could have scored a goal.

:19:30.:19:35.

Fortunately, it was Leicester to score a goal, just at the end of the

:19:36.:19:37.

match. Champions Chelsea remain unbeaten

:19:38.:19:40.

in the league under Guus Hiddink. Their late winner against

:19:41.:19:42.

Southampton moves them to eleventh Here are the rest of

:19:43.:19:44.

Saturday's results. Aston Villa remain bottom

:19:45.:19:47.

after losing 2-1 to Stoke. Goalless between Watford

:19:48.:19:50.

and Bournemouth. Real Madrid were dealt a blow in La

:19:51.:20:12.

Liga. There were wins away from home.

:20:13.:20:22.

The former Fifa president, Sepp Blatter, has given his support to

:20:23.:20:30.

Gianni Infantino. He was elected on Friday and has promised to reunite

:20:31.:20:33.

the game, while reforming it might be his most important job. He has

:20:34.:20:39.

the backing of his predecessor and fellow Swiss. He is the man comment

:20:40.:20:44.

coming from the football organisation, he is a young man, he

:20:45.:20:50.

is powerful. He has a lot of energy. I am sure that he will do the right

:20:51.:20:54.

job. It is important for Fifa to have a change. If the majority of

:20:55.:21:03.

the 207 national organisations so clearly indicated they wanted to go,

:21:04.:21:08.

I can only say to Gianni, good luck and do it. England are any team to

:21:09.:21:13.

win a grand slam in the Six Nations championship after a third victory

:21:14.:21:16.

in three under the head coach, Eddie Jones. They'd be Ireland 21-10. --

:21:17.:21:25.

they beat will stop they broke a losing streak going back two years.

:21:26.:21:32.

They beat Italy 36-20 in Rome. India had beaten Pakistan by five wickets.

:21:33.:21:37.

In a rare match between the two, the first of the Asia cup, a warm up

:21:38.:21:45.

tournament, India could only make three in their innings. India

:21:46.:21:52.

started at the start of their reply. They eventually won with 27 balls in

:21:53.:21:55.

Bangladesh. That is the sport. Modern China has become famous

:21:56.:22:00.

for its spectacular skyline. They're bristling with skyscrapers

:22:01.:22:02.

and oddly shaped buildings - from teapots to donuts

:22:03.:22:04.

to spaceships. But now it seems the

:22:05.:22:06.

authorities have had enough. The ruling Communist Party has

:22:07.:22:09.

issued a new regulation. There's the skyscraper

:22:10.:22:14.

affectionately known And then there's this,

:22:15.:22:30.

a replica of the China has been on an extraordinary

:22:31.:22:39.

and imaginative building spree. A year ago, President Xi Jinping

:22:40.:22:43.

began expressing his concern, The Chinese President objects

:22:44.:22:47.

to these kinds of buildings That they're "weird"

:22:48.:22:53.

and that they're Western. And so the Communist Party's

:22:54.:23:02.

suspicion of malign foreign Alongside democracy and universal

:23:03.:23:04.

human rights, we can now add In future, new buildings should not

:23:05.:23:08.

be oversized or out of keeping with Chinese culture,

:23:09.:23:17.

the new regulation says, I think the Government should not

:23:18.:23:20.

forbid or shackle the development Maybe in the future,

:23:21.:23:29.

we could see more buildings When China has more

:23:30.:23:37.

home-grown architects? Because right now, all those

:23:38.:23:41.

buildings are built Local planning chiefs will have

:23:42.:23:44.

to interpret the new guidelines, leaving some room for

:23:45.:23:50.

variations in taste. But doughnuts are

:23:51.:23:55.

probably off the menu! An American surfer has won

:23:56.:24:25.

more than ?50,000s - after successfully riding a 60 foot

:24:26.:24:27.

wave at a competition in Hawaii. 23-year old John John Florence

:24:28.:24:30.

is one of the youngest winners of what is said to be professional

:24:31.:24:33.

surfing's most prestigious event - of an unusual

:24:34.:24:36.

highway chase kind earlier today -

:24:37.:24:57.

involving an apparent unicorn. Officers initially believed

:24:58.:24:58.

the caller who reported the fairy-tale creature

:24:59.:25:00.

on the loose was on drugs. But when they got to the scene -

:25:01.:25:02.

they found this - It took them three hours to chase

:25:03.:25:05.

and coax the animal out of hiding. thank you for being with us. Do join

:25:06.:25:18.

us again. Hello. There may be a few days left

:25:19.:25:34.

of winter according to the meteorological calendar. Things are

:25:35.:25:37.

feeling wintry as we head into the

:25:38.:25:38.

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