28/02/2016 World News Today


28/02/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

I'm Alpa Patel, here are the headlines.

:00:08.:00:12.

As a truce in Syria largely holds, we give you a glimpse of the battle

:00:13.:00:15.

against so-called Islamic State - a BBC team reaches an area freed

:00:16.:00:18.

by Kurdish fighters - but still littered by bombs

:00:19.:00:27.

Look at the crater left by this one. The Kurds got lucky, they found it,

:00:28.:00:34.

stopped it and detonated it. It sent saybury for hundreds of meeters

:00:35.:00:36.

across this field. And Islamic State claims

:00:37.:00:39.

responsibility for a bombing at a crowded market in Iraq -

:00:40.:00:41.

leaving dozens dead. The Vatican's Finance Minister,

:00:42.:00:49.

Cardinal George Pell gives evidence from the Vatican to an Australian

:00:50.:00:55.

inquiry into child abuse. Also coming up: Manchester United

:00:56.:00:58.

derails Arsenal's Premier League challenge at Old Trafford. And, is

:00:59.:01:06.

this the year when Leonardo DiCaprio finally sees off the competition to

:01:07.:01:08.

win the Oscar for Best Actor? The first nationwide truce

:01:09.:01:20.

in Syria's five year civil war is into its second day and appears

:01:21.:01:26.

to be largely holding. This is Aleppo, Syria's largest

:01:27.:01:30.

city. In a strategic location and so has

:01:31.:01:37.

experienced intense fighting Today, though, there

:01:38.:01:40.

appears to be calm. Civilians are on the streets,

:01:41.:01:44.

in this first pause But both the opposition and Russia

:01:45.:01:51.

are reporting breaches Air strikes have been

:01:52.:01:54.

reported in the north - though it's unclear who carried them

:01:55.:01:58.

out and who was being Well Islamic State is excluded

:01:59.:02:02.

from the agreement. Our correspondent Quentin Somerville

:02:03.:02:08.

is in Northern Syria. While we have been here,

:02:09.:02:10.

there have still been air strikes, shootings and car bombs

:02:11.:02:12.

but there has been a big change. They have mainly been in battles

:02:13.:02:15.

with the Islamic State Syrians we have been speaking

:02:16.:02:17.

to are using a different language. In fact they are using a word

:02:18.:02:23.

we don't often here in these parts The truce is on in Syria, but so,

:02:24.:02:26.

too, still, is the fight In Shaddadi, air strikes

:02:27.:02:38.

and the Kurds drove out IS. Here, on the streets,

:02:39.:02:41.

the militants once held a slave But the Islamic State

:02:42.:02:44.

can still surprise. American jets help repel

:02:45.:03:00.

an attack in Talabiad. This town was taken months ago

:03:01.:03:06.

by the Kurds, but IS snipers and commandos attacked in droves

:03:07.:03:09.

an hour before the truce. And across a long

:03:10.:03:11.

stretch of territory. IS attacks have transformed

:03:12.:03:19.

the security situation here in north-west Syria,

:03:20.:03:22.

security is a lot tighter along the roads, in fact, it's

:03:23.:03:24.

impassable from the West. If we stop the vehicle,

:03:25.:03:26.

this wasn't just an attack with ground troops and snipers,

:03:27.:03:33.

they also deployed typical The Kurds got lucky, they found it,

:03:34.:03:35.

stopped it and detonated it. It scattered debris for hundreds

:03:36.:03:48.

of meters across these fields. Just imagine the damage this

:03:49.:03:56.

would have done to local So the Kurds have control

:03:57.:04:04.

here but it isn't absolute and, of course, there is no truce

:04:05.:04:07.

with the Islamic State. But elsewhere this ceasefire

:04:08.:04:10.

of sorts is mostly holding. It's not a return to normal

:04:11.:04:13.

life, but it's a start. Today, the jets flew over,

:04:14.:04:21.

but they didn't bomb us. We hope that they stick

:04:22.:04:24.

to their word and the calm Back in Shaddadi it's a defeat,

:04:25.:04:28.

not a ceasefire, that is making The Islamic State is gone,

:04:29.:04:36.

but their markings on shop fronts We'll all come back here

:04:37.:04:44.

to recover our lives taken This town was a place

:04:45.:04:54.

for the whole nation, Arabs, Kurds, Christians,

:04:55.:04:59.

we all lived together. The men with guns won't

:05:00.:05:01.

be disappearing here. A truce isn't peace,

:05:02.:05:04.

but it's a moment of calm. And, for Syria right now,

:05:05.:05:09.

that's good enough. So calm is a start but also then

:05:10.:05:13.

comes hope and the hope is that the ceasefire

:05:14.:05:22.

of sorts continues and And in fact in the last

:05:23.:05:24.

half hour, the BBC has heard from the United Nations

:05:25.:05:28.

that tomorrow humanitarian aid will finally start making it

:05:29.:05:30.

into besieged towns, villages and cities in Syria

:05:31.:05:32.

and they are hoping that over the next five days they'll get

:05:33.:05:36.

released to over 150,000 people. That's a remarkable

:05:37.:05:39.

weekend for Syria. To Iraq where IS have claimed

:05:40.:05:47.

responsibility for what it called Two bombs exploded in

:05:48.:05:49.

a crowded market in Baghdad. Local medics are reported as saying

:05:50.:06:00.

at least 70 people have been killed. The blasts - which are the worst

:06:01.:06:05.

to hit Baghdad in recent months - happened in the mainly Shia

:06:06.:06:16.

neighbourhood of Sadr City. Our Defence Correspondent Jonathan

:06:17.:06:18.

Beale has this update. This was the second significant

:06:19.:06:20.

attack by so-called Islamic State in the capital, within

:06:21.:06:22.

the last few days. On Thursday, a Shia mosque

:06:23.:06:24.

was targeted by two suicide bombers, Then on Sunday, the Sunni

:06:25.:06:27.

extremists set off explosions in Sadr city,

:06:28.:06:30.

a large Shia district in Baghdad. The blast killed dozens

:06:31.:06:33.

of people and left IS has recently been

:06:34.:06:42.

using tactics involving double A second device detonated

:06:43.:06:45.

soon after the first, With so could have called Islamic

:06:46.:07:03.

states suffering recent setbacks in the rest of the city,

:07:04.:07:10.

there are fears attacks may be stepped up in the capital.

:07:11.:07:13.

To Iran, where counting continues in elections there.

:07:14.:07:15.

And the scale of the losses suffered by conservatives

:07:16.:07:17.

Two of the most senior hardliners have lost their seats.

:07:18.:07:20.

Whereas moderates and reformists backing President Rouhani have

:07:21.:07:22.

Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has praised the high

:07:23.:07:26.

turnout, describing Iran as a wise and determined nation.

:07:27.:07:28.

The counting of the votes has been slow, not surprisingly

:07:29.:07:41.

became clear that Iranians have come out in big numbers

:07:42.:07:45.

All 30 seats in parliament for Tehran went to these reformist

:07:46.:07:50.

Here with their mentor, former president, Ali Akbar

:07:51.:07:53.

Here is one of the winners of parliamentary seats in Tehran

:07:54.:08:00.

It means that we want to remove what has happened

:08:01.:08:13.

It means that we want to empower our women.

:08:14.:08:25.

President Rouhani has all but claimed victory saying

:08:26.:08:27.

aside rivalries and revive the economy.

:08:28.:08:35.

The results are a major boost for him and his nuclear deal

:08:36.:08:38.

But it seems many millions of Iranians came out to vote

:08:39.:08:42.

tactically to prevent the hardliners from moving Iran

:08:43.:08:51.

At the so-called Assembly of Experts, this council of elder

:08:52.:08:54.

and senior clerics, with the power to select

:08:55.:08:58.

the next supreme leader, things are more interesting.

:08:59.:09:00.

Former president Rafsanjani, who used to chair this assembly

:09:01.:09:02.

Now he is back at the top of the polls.

:09:03.:09:10.

Hardline figures such as the present chair

:09:11.:09:13.

and the ideologue of the hardliners have lost their seats.

:09:14.:09:21.

The hardliners in Parliament here calling for the death

:09:22.:09:33.

of the opposition leaders a few years ago may have

:09:34.:09:36.

lost their majority in parliament after having lost the presidency

:09:37.:09:38.

The balance of power has shifted in favour of moderates.

:09:39.:09:42.

Millions of Iranians have said no to these hardliners.

:09:43.:09:48.

To another election this time in Switzerland,

:09:49.:09:49.

where voters have rejected a proposal to automatically deport

:09:50.:09:51.

The plan was opposed by 59% of those who took part

:09:52.:09:56.

It was put forward by the right-wing Swiss People's Party,

:09:57.:10:02.

which argued that social problems are linked to rising immigration.

:10:03.:10:08.

One of Vatican's top officials is due to begin giving evidence

:10:09.:10:16.

to a public inquiry into child abuse in Australian

:10:17.:10:19.

Cardinal George Pell has been accused of helping to cover

:10:20.:10:22.

up cases of abuse by paedophile priests during his time in

:10:23.:10:25.

Cardinal Pell, who's now in charge of the Vatican's finances, will give

:10:26.:10:30.

A group of survivors of abuse have travelled to Rome to be present

:10:31.:10:36.

Here's our Australia correspondent Jon Donnison.

:10:37.:10:43.

-- As the head of the Australian Catholic Church, Cardinal George

:10:44.:11:07.

Pell leads an institution that has been rocked by scandal.

:11:08.:11:10.

He is a former Archbishop of Melbourne in Victoria,

:11:11.:11:12.

the state with the church has acknowledged with 600 cases

:11:13.:11:14.

That led in part to the government setting up a wide-ranging public

:11:15.:11:19.

enquiry into child abuse within Australian institutions.

:11:20.:11:21.

The Cardinal has already given evidence on two occasions.

:11:22.:11:24.

David Ridsdale was sexually abused by his own uncle,

:11:25.:11:27.

who is now in jail for abusing more than 50 children.

:11:28.:11:31.

David has already told the enquiry that, back in the 1990s,

:11:32.:11:34.

the Cardinal tried to bribe him to keep quiet,

:11:35.:11:38.

Cardinal Pell's behaviour was more akin to the CEO of a big

:11:39.:11:54.

corporation. He has moved responsibility

:11:55.:11:58.

downstream, he has protected assets. And in all of his letters

:11:59.:12:00.

and commentary, he rarely mentions Many of the hundreds of victims

:12:01.:12:03.

of abuse in the Catholic Church here are angry that

:12:04.:12:19.

Cardinal Pell has not returned to Australia to attend

:12:20.:12:21.

the hearings in person. He's done that in the past,

:12:22.:12:23.

but on this occasion, for medical reasons,

:12:24.:12:25.

he was unable to do so. Instead, he will give evidence

:12:26.:12:28.

through a video link from Rome. A group of around 15 victims have

:12:29.:12:30.

raised the money themselves to fly Cardinal Pell's testimony

:12:31.:12:33.

is expected to last three Much of the abuse carried out

:12:34.:12:37.

by his colleagues happened before he was in a senior position,

:12:38.:12:41.

but the enquiry will want to know how much he knew, when he knew it

:12:42.:12:44.

and what he did about it. Greece has warned that the number

:12:45.:12:47.

of migrants and refugees in the country could triple

:12:48.:12:54.

in the next month because of caps imposed at border

:12:55.:12:57.

crossings in the Balkans. 22,000 migrants are

:12:58.:13:07.

already in Greece, including several thousand

:13:08.:13:09.

in a makeshift camp Here's our correspondent

:13:10.:13:11.

Danny Savage. For days now just a trickle

:13:12.:13:13.

of people have moved north out The crossing to Macedonia has

:13:14.:13:16.

remained closed for most of the time, and the 6000 people

:13:17.:13:26.

here are growing restless We will try to cross

:13:27.:13:29.

the border not from this gate, Hundreds of miles south in Athens

:13:30.:13:36.

ferries from the Greek islands have all but stopped bringing

:13:37.:13:46.

migrants to the mainland. That's because the camps and holding

:13:47.:13:50.

centres are filling up fast, there's a real feeling of no more

:13:51.:13:57.

room at the inn here. To illustrate that point, on Friday,

:13:58.:14:01.

1700 people arrived on little boats But on the same day,

:14:02.:14:04.

just 10% of that number left Greece So the government is scrambling

:14:05.:14:11.

to build new camps to house The army is moving in to put tents

:14:12.:14:14.

up on the new sites, At one proposed camp,

:14:15.:14:18.

locals blocked the gates in protest, they say they don't want to be

:14:19.:14:29.

outnumbered by migrants. TRANSLATION: How many people

:14:30.:14:32.

will amass on the border? We're talking about a bundle

:14:33.:14:34.

of souls we cannot take care of. We feel that we live

:14:35.:14:46.

in a country where noone Migrants are not prisoners,

:14:47.:14:48.

they are free to move. We found this queue of taxis outside

:14:49.:14:51.

a camp in northern Greece. 80 euros will buy a ride

:14:52.:14:54.

to the border and there's This afternoon, migrants managed

:14:55.:14:57.

to block the railway line next This week is a crunch point

:14:58.:15:06.

for this chaotic situation. With politicians planning

:15:07.:15:10.

more Europe-wide talks. A tiny minority are

:15:11.:15:12.

getting out of Greece. The one-month-old twins we found

:15:13.:15:17.

last week were two of the few Still to come: It's nearly time

:15:18.:15:20.

for Hollywood's biggest night We'll find out which films

:15:21.:15:36.

are the favourites in the race Several air-strikes have been

:15:37.:16:48.

reported in northern Syria on the second day

:16:49.:16:57.

of a nationwide truce but in general, the cessation

:16:58.:16:59.

of hostilities is holding. Islamic State claims responsibility

:17:00.:17:01.

for a bombing at a crowded Baghdad It's almost time for the stars

:17:02.:17:07.

to hit the red carpet The Revenant is leading the race

:17:08.:17:10.

for this year's Oscars Rapid change, that's

:17:11.:17:15.

what the Academy is promising as the red carpet's

:17:16.:17:31.

prepared for tonight. But there is a perceived

:17:32.:17:33.

overall lack of diversity. This isn't just talking

:17:34.:17:35.

about diversity for the sake of diversity, it is also bad

:17:36.:17:37.

for business, it's bad for Hollywood to be so behind in the times

:17:38.:17:40.

that they are not developing projects for people of different

:17:41.:17:43.

backgrounds and people Movies reflect our society

:17:44.:17:45.

and are supposed to be a reflection For Hollywood not to make diverse

:17:46.:17:48.

movies really is a big problem. Actors who have long campaigned

:17:49.:17:53.

for greater diversity are welcoming that it has become an issue

:17:54.:17:58.

recognised at all levels. I think it really must start

:17:59.:18:01.

in the boardrooms and it's going to take bravery and it's

:18:02.:18:04.

going to take courage. And, you know, making sure that

:18:05.:18:07.

people aren't fearful to cast black actors, black actresses,

:18:08.:18:13.

in roles that may not be For many, the expectation

:18:14.:18:15.

is that this will be the last year the acting winners

:18:16.:18:21.

are all guaranteed to be white and that the discussion becomes

:18:22.:18:24.

exclusively about The numbers clearly indicate that

:18:25.:18:26.

there were senior clergy involved. For Best Film, the Academy

:18:27.:18:38.

loves to reward stories Will the spotlight this

:18:39.:18:40.

year fall on Spotlight? A film about the Boston Globe's

:18:41.:18:43.

investigation of a church When the banks committed

:18:44.:18:45.

the greatest fraud in US history... Or perhaps The Big Short,

:18:46.:18:48.

about the run-up to the global But the narrow favourite is perhaps

:18:49.:18:51.

survival drama The Revenant. Its lead actor, Leonardo DiCaprio,

:18:52.:18:57.

looks almost certain Even last year's winner,

:18:58.:19:03.

Eddie Redmayne, nominated I think it's pretty much

:19:04.:19:06.

certainly Leo's year, In a year where everyone,

:19:07.:19:09.

including, of course, this year's host, recognises that

:19:10.:19:17.

what's been happening around the Oscars has, to a degree,

:19:18.:19:20.

overshadowed the awards themselves. Manchester City have beaten

:19:21.:19:35.

Liverpool on penalties, Goalkeeper Willy Cabellero -

:19:36.:19:40.

the man everyone said should NOT be starting -

:19:41.:19:43.

except for the manager Manuel Pellegrini of course -

:19:44.:19:45.

was the hero. On what was a dramatic day

:19:46.:19:53.

at Wembley, City took the lead But with just a few minutes

:19:54.:19:57.

remaining, Liverpool levelled No more goals in normal or extra

:19:58.:20:00.

time meant it was penalties, There were two very important

:20:01.:20:07.

Premier League matches today too. We'll tell you about Spurs

:20:08.:20:10.

in a moment, but first, third placed Arsenal travelled

:20:11.:20:12.

to Manchester United. The Gunners slipped up

:20:13.:20:14.

against Louis Van Gaal's side United teenager Marcus Rashford

:20:15.:20:16.

stole the show in the Europa League on Thursday, and did so again

:20:17.:20:24.

with two more goals Danny Welbeck got one back,

:20:25.:20:27.

before Ander Herrera made it 3-1 Mesut Ozil got the Gunners

:20:28.:20:33.

to within one but it wasn't enough. Arsenal remain five points

:20:34.:20:44.

behind leaders Leicester. But Tottenham Hotspur

:20:45.:20:46.

are just two points behind, after beating Swansea

:20:47.:20:48.

2-1 at White Hart Lane. Spurs were one down at half time

:20:49.:20:50.

to an Alberto Poloshi goal, but substitute Nacer Chadli

:20:51.:20:53.

equalised with 20 minutes to play before Danny Rose hit the winner

:20:54.:20:55.

a few minutes after. The new man in charge of world

:20:56.:21:02.

football says Fifa can be fixed and fast, if it puts

:21:03.:21:05.

wide-ranging reforms in place. Swiss Gianni Infantino was elected

:21:06.:21:08.

to succeed Sepp Blatter as the ninth Our Sports Correspondent Richard

:21:09.:21:11.

Conway reports from Zurich. Gianni Infantino

:21:12.:21:17.

is a man in a hurry. Elected to the top job in world

:21:18.:21:22.

football, Sepp Blatter's successor Is it a good feeling

:21:23.:21:25.

to be Fifa president? Despite his election, Fifa

:21:26.:21:29.

is still mired in a deep crisis. Vital reforms have been agreed upon,

:21:30.:21:35.

but it must continue to satisfy US and Swiss prosecutors

:21:36.:21:40.

in its clamping down on corruption. The reforms are to be implemented

:21:41.:21:43.

now, they need to be implemented So I will go up to the office

:21:44.:21:46.

and start looking at concretely how to implement these reforms

:21:47.:21:58.

so that we can hopefully very soon Infantino's victory

:21:59.:22:01.

came as a surprise. He upset the odds to beat

:22:02.:22:03.

long-time frontrunner Today, his first task as President

:22:04.:22:05.

was to open Fifa's shiny But his political juggling skills,

:22:06.:22:11.

honed during years at the top of the European game,

:22:12.:22:18.

will be needed now more than ever. These reforms have been approved,

:22:19.:22:21.

you have to start us off now As of now, and for the future,

:22:22.:22:32.

there will be no issues anymore. And as for the past, of course,

:22:33.:22:37.

we have to make sure that we cooperate fully

:22:38.:22:40.

with the authorities to make sure that everything comes out

:22:41.:22:42.

if something has happened. Swiss media reports say that

:22:43.:22:44.

as a baby, Infantino's life was saved after receiving a vital

:22:45.:22:49.

transfusion of his rare blood type Are we claiming you as

:22:50.:22:52.

one of our own now? Yes, you can claim I am one

:22:53.:22:56.

of yours, absolutely. Many others as well,

:22:57.:22:58.

that's why I am a world citizen! This weekend, Gianni Infantino

:22:59.:23:02.

is basking in the glory of winning the Fifa presidential election,

:23:03.:23:06.

but tomorrow he will be behind his new desk for the first

:23:07.:23:09.

time, and that is when the hard On Oscars day, Liverpool and

:23:10.:23:27.

Manchester City put on a bit of a show stopper but City took the

:23:28.:23:30.

prize. That's' all the sport for now.

:23:31.:23:37.

A group of disabled people from Bolivia have been suspending

:23:38.:23:44.

themselves from a bridge. The protest is the latest in a campaign

:23:45.:23:52.

which has lasted for several weeks. Forced they say, to take a protest

:23:53.:23:58.

to a new level, claiming the government won't listen to their

:23:59.:24:01.

demands. Passing traffic looked on in disbelief, part of a concerted

:24:02.:24:06.

effort to raise the problems of people faced with disability in

:24:07.:24:09.

Bolivia. The campaigners are asking for higher state subsidy of around

:24:10.:24:15.

$70 a month. That many feel the message isn't getting through.

:24:16.:24:20.

TRANSLATION: Unfortunately, since we have not had an answer from the

:24:21.:24:24.

Government, we've had to take these extreme measures. 9 protesters said

:24:25.:24:32.

they tried to take zrectly to President Morales when he visited

:24:33.:24:35.

the city this week but were stopped by the police. The Government said

:24:36.:24:43.

they have allocated $900 million. The protesters are saying they are

:24:44.:24:47.

not seeing the benefit of it and are now thinking of taking their protest

:24:48.:24:49.

to the president. A communications breakdown has led

:24:50.:24:54.

to the French city of Reims scrubbing away what may have

:24:55.:24:57.

appeared to be graffiti but was actually artwork

:24:58.:24:59.

commissioned by the city itself. This artwork, showing a sulky boy

:25:00.:25:01.

painted onto the side of a transformer next to the town

:25:02.:25:04.

hall, was cleared just It was produced by the artist

:25:05.:25:06.

Christian Guemy - known by the tag But the department which deals

:25:07.:25:14.

with graffiti was not informed. Monsieur Guemy says he will paint

:25:15.:25:19.

something similar in its place. It The main news: As a truce in

:25:20.:25:37.

Syria largely holds, we give you a glimpse of the battle against

:25:38.:25:41.

so-called Islamic State. A BBC team reaches an area free bid Kurdish

:25:42.:25:46.

fighters that is still littered by bombs. That's for now. Thank you for

:25:47.:25:51.

being with the programme. You can message me on Twitter. I will be

:25:52.:25:55.

back with the headlines shortly. But for now, thank you.

:25:56.:26:05.

Hello. Good evening. Last night t got very cold in the

:26:06.:26:12.

north and west of Scotland. -- it got very cold. Not so tonight. More

:26:13.:26:18.

cloud in a southerly breeze, eventually bringing in

:26:19.:26:19.

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