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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.
The headlines: Europe's migrant crisis turns violent as security
Now on the Greek-Macedonian border, police fire tear gas on a group
of migrants, including children, as they try to break
They don't open the borders, Macedonia, they don't open
the borders and the people are coming more and more.
Clashes in Calais as French demolition teams move
in to dismantle parts of the migrant camp known as the Jungle.
Also coming up: Day three of a fragile truce in Syria
and the UN begins a major aid operation to get into towns
Leonardo DiCaprio! CHEERING
. 20 years after his first nomination,
Leonardo DiCaprio finally We start with violent clashes
at opposite ends of the European continent, as it wrestles
with the mass influx of migrants. Macedonian police fired tear gas
as a crowd tried to crash through a barbed wire fence
on the border with Greece. Tear gas has also been used by riot
police in the French port of Calais, as rock-throwing protesters tried
to disrupt the demolition of part We'll hear from our correspondent
in Calais shortly. But first, let's turn
to the Greek town of Idomeni, on the border with Macedonia,
where about 7,000 people have been stuck for days
in squalid conditions. This is how it looks on Greece's
border with Macedonia. After a night out in the open,
children join a long line with their parents,
waiting for food. At the end of the line they get
a bag of bread to last the day. Babies bottles are held up,
hoping to be filled. Macedonia only allows a handful
to cross the border every day, so the numbers keep
building. You have to wait for a long
time for food, toilets, Hundreds of them have decided
to force open the gate. This is the result of
the tension that has been As they push at the border,
the crush begins This is how it looked
on the Macedonian side Suddenly, the border is breached,
triggering panic among the police. A guard fires tear gas
directly at the migrants. On the other side of the fence,
the man in the blue jacket is hit Cue panic, as tear gas
explodes all around them. Men, women, and children,
run for safety. A boy staggers from the crush,
retching from the gas. Others are too dazed to stand,
their eyes and lungs burning. Today, on a European border,
children were tear-gassed. It is quite a while since the tear
gas was fired but you can still smell it and taste
it in the air as well. As this stand-off continues,
with several hundred people still here
at the border gate. The violence will continue as well
if the numbers here keep growing and people keep
getting frustrated. Those who have worked
here for months say it has never They are worried the border
will not open at all. They saw how quickly restrictions
were implemented for the Afghanis. There is a real sense among Syrians
and Iraqis that at any time it Late this afternoon,
where tear-gassed wafted earlier, There is growing desperation
on this European frontier. Now to clashes in the French port
of Calais where demolition teams are trying to clear parts
of the migrant camp known The authorities want to move people
to converted shipping containers They came in at breakfast time,
a soft invasion of the state One by one, migrants still clinging
to this southern part of the camp were told they had an hour
to pack their things and leave. Some heeded the warning,
heading north into the Jungle's The police just gave
a fire, we are out. A fire at one of the empty shelters
sent riot police against those Among them, activists,
who have been urging residents What was meant to be a gentle
eviction through encouragement and information became a blunt
exchange of tear gas and rocks Just a few hours in,
and already the plan for eviction The question here is
who the police are fighting - the migrants themselves
or the activists who say By dusk, the battle was underway
again, a second fire in the place The water cannon was brought in this
time, not for the fire, but for the arsonists and anyone
else still standing nearby. TRANSLATION: The north border
activists set fire to the tents That is not acceptable
and it is normal that we have 18 months ago, migrants were moved
here from their old makeshift Now the ring around this one
is being pulled tighter as pressure But many people here have spent
years moving from place to place in a bid to reach England
and that will not change, they say, just because "one more
time we have to go". Leonard Doyle's Head
of Communications at the International
Organisation for Migration. He told me what he made
of today scenes. These images show children being hit
with tear gas. It is very disturbing. Plans have been made to
try and ensure that the refugees and the migrants are looked after, but
unfortunately, political disunity is at the heart of the problems. There
is a huge pressure on governments, but there is a lack of stability in
dealing with the pressure. Part of that problem is countries
putting up their own border controls. We have heard of Anglo
America will speak idea of the European solution, is that dead in
the water, is there any hope at all? The Germans have shown great courage
in the face of a lacklustre support from other member states, but it is
very difficult because the burden is being cheered disproportionately. We
have seen that even when there is not great work is in the case of
Calais, we are talking about 20,000 people, the reactions have been
disproportionate. Whereas the Germans have taken over one million
and the Swedes have taken very large numbers as well. But what is needed
is some Hard Talk between either be member states and resolve this
problem before their own reputation as further damaged. There are
obligations under various new entreaties, humanitarian obligations
to look after, let us not forget, refugees and asylum seekers. They
might be migrants but in the large they are coming from refugee
producing countries like Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. There
is an obligation to support them, not to hit them with water cannons.
This does not reflect well upon the European Union and will cause
problems for the EU as it tries to project a broader aspect and asked
other countries to behave any certain way. People can say to them,
but at how you behave. Everybody at the British government,
they would say that they would rather take people from the source
of the problem, from the Middle East's refugees camps rather than
accept people who have made a perilous journey through Europe and
potentially encourage others to do the same?
That is very high-minded and a noble approach, and it should be welcomed,
unfortunately however, the numbers taking have been very small indeed.
We have over 1 million people that have fled for the most part
persecution, although there will be people gaining in the system and
they have to be filtered out. But the numbers are very high and to
simply say that we will only take people from the refugee camps
because otherwise that would involve some moral hazard in taking those
people who have made a life-threatening journey, it is
probably a touch unfair on those who have made that choice, because they
have had to do that because they have been attacked by Islamic State
or any other persecution. A woman has been arrested in Moscow,
near a metro station, She's thought to come
from Central Asia and She's suspected of killing the child
and setting fire to its parents' The headless body of a four-year-old
child has been found there. Lech Walesa - who played a leading
role in overthrowing communism in Poland - has denied
being an informant for the Communist The former Polish president
and leader of the Solidarity Union said the files on which
the allegations were based were forgeries designed
to destroy his reputation. Malaysia's former Prime Minister,
Dr Mahatir Mohamad, has resigned from the ruling Umno Party,
in protest against what he says Dr Mahatir said he could not be
associated with a party that backed the actions of the current
Prime Minister Najib Razak who's been embroiled
in a financial scandal. In January, Mr Najib
was cleared of corruption. In the United States the clock
is ticking down for a flood of primaries crammed
into a single day. Super Tuesday can be a day
of reckoning for Democrats and Republicans hoping
to become President. Billionaire businessman Donald Trump
leads the Republican race. One of his policies is to build
a wall along the US-Mexico border, We will have an older is nice and
strong. We will build a wall. I am going to build a wall and Mexico
will pay for it, OK? TRANSLATION: The Mexican president
said they would not pay for the wall, I said that the Walter Scott
ten foot higher. -- I said the wall just got ten foot
higher. We have a tremendous deficit, we
have a trade deficit with me to pay for the wall. They will be happy
with that, believe me, I will talk to them.
This is going to be a wall, this is not one of those deals where the
bike rider and jump over it. This is a Donald Trump what! -- bye
ladder-- buy a ladder. We need a wall, drugs are coming
across. They will be thrilled to pay for the wall.
Of course it's not just the Republican candidates battling
Hilary Clinton and Bernie Sanders will also compete across some 11
states for the Democratic nomination.
And you can watch full coverage here on BBC World News and online
This year's Oscars ceremony was as glittering as ever
but unlike any in living memory it was dominated by protests over
the lack of black and ethnic nominees.
The comedian Chris Rock - who was hosting the event -
As for the awards, Leonardo DiCaprio was finally named
Best Actor, while Spotlight was voted Best Film.
Lizo Mzimba reports from Los Angeles.
Serious issues being talked about as much
Well, I'm here at the Academy Awards.
Otherwise known as the White People's Choice Awards!
You realise if they nominated hosts, I wouldn't even get this job!
A barbed attack from host Chris Rock was inevitable,
as was the winner of Best Actor, Leonardo DiCaprio.
I thank you all for this amazing award tonight.
The film's director, Alejandro Inarritu, also won
and continued the theme of substantial subjects
Make sure, for once and forever, that the colour of our skin becomes
as irrelevant as the length of our hair.
To the surprise of a few, Best Film was won by...
The Academy honouring the story of the Boston Globe's uncovering
Brie Larson was named Best Actress for her performance
in the heavyweight abduction drama Room.
Thank you to the fans, thank you to the moviegoers,
thank you for going to the theatre and seeing our film.
British successes included Mark Rylance.
The actor, who made his name on the stage, has now added
a Best Supporting Actor Oscar for Bridge of Spies to his Olivier
As an actor, to win an Academy Award is something very unusual,
And multiple Brit and Grammy award winner Sam Smith now has
a Best Song Oscar too for his Bond theme, Writing's on the Wall.
I stand here tonight as a proud gay man and I hope we can all stand
While Lady Gaga spoke out musically against sexual abuse,
at an Oscars where so many took the opportunity to make a statement
to a global audience in the tens of millions.
The fragile truce in Syria - brokered by the US and Russia -
is in its third day and despite accusations
of violations, appears to be holding.
The United Nations is now taking advantage of the cessation
of hostilities to help starving people by sending food,
water and medicine to several besieged towns.
It's hoped aid will reach around 150,000 Syrians over
Amid the destruction of Syria's long civil war,
there is now something new and different in some
And that is a sense of calm and even just a little normality.
Just last week, before the truce came into effect,
the people in the besieged city of Douma were under heavy bombardment.
But now with the truce in place in many parts of Syria,
the UN is hoping to deliver emergency supplies of food
and medicine to 1.7 billion people by the end of March.
And it has a clear plan starting from today to reach some
of the worst affected areas this week, where people have been under
We have to test the limits of this ceasefire over the coming days
and weeks to see how far we can go as a humanitarian community.
There are about 18 cities besieged in Syria.
And around half a million people living there.
So we have to get food rapidly into those people.
So difficult has it been until now to get aid to the besieged areas,
the UN resorted to a high altitude airdrop of food supplies that went
But if the truce does hold, and it is a big if, the aim will be
to get convoys of trucks like these to deliver supplies to those
Many people are known to have starved to death already
There is no doubt that fighting does continue in some parts of Syria,
But there are now allegations that the Russian planes have
targeted moderate opposition forces which would be in breach
There is to be an urgent meeting about this later today.
And for now, the UN remains hopeful the truce, which has brought some
respite to the people of Syria since Saturday, will hold.
And that means those who have been under siege for so long will finally
One of the most powerful figures in the Vatican,
Cardinal George Pell, is to give a second day of testimony
to an Australian commission on child abuse.
The cardinal, who is too frail to travel to Australia,
is testifying via video link from Rome, from where
These are the last few steps of a 10,000 mile journey. The survivors
of child abuse in Australia raised money to come to this hotel in Rome
to watch the cardinal testify in person.
For more than three hours, the Cardinals gave evidence to the
commission via video link. The church has made enormous
mistakes and it is working to remedy those. The church in many places,
certainly in Australia, has made a mess of things and let people down.
I am not here to defend the indefensible.
The cardinal told the commission that he had heard rumours of sexual
abuse by fellow Australian priests in the 1970s but had no direct
knowledge of their crimes. Victims and survivors will come back here to
listen to at least two more nights of Cardinal George Pell's testimony.
Victims of abuse in other countries will listen as well. The Catholic
Church to take greater action. Peter Saunders from the duty was himself
abused as a teenager. In 2014, Pope Francis made him a member of a
Vatican commission designed to protect children from abuse. But
earlier this month the commission suspended him from speaking out.
The Vatican could take action now to protect children now. There are a
lot of things going around in the world that the Pope could actually
do something about in terms of children who are being raped and
abused and I do not see any evidence that that is happening.
Pope Francis seen here meeting children one week ago has made the
protection of minors a priority. His BBC might be judged on whether or
not he's a false this promise. James Reynolds, BBC News, Rome.
Now, as I'm sure you've noticed, it's the twenty-ninth of February.
Most of the time, a year is made up of 365 days.
But this year, just like 2012, and four years before
And that vital extra day, a leap day, is what keeps our calendars
Well, I am joined by Carole Mundell, Professor of Extragalactic Astronomy
and Head of Astrophysics at the University of Bath,
Thank you for joining us. Perhaps an issue closer to home than you are
used to dealing with. Tell us the science behind it, why?
They are almost takes 305 and a quarter days to make one full
circuit around the sun and that circuit is what we call easier. Of
course, the extra almost quarter of a day is a little tricky to handle
in the calendar so each year we have a calendar that is the older than 65
days long, but we have to account for that extra piece and we do that
by adding an extra week here every four years. If we did not do that,
then our seasons would slip by about 300 days every century and that
would be noticeable. -- 300 as if they fight. This was
what was noticeable about the time of Julius Caesar, the state started
to move around? That is correct, that was the Roman
calendar any time of Julius Caesar. It was decreed then that the BP
should be added. That extra quarter is an exact number, it is 11 minute
short of that, in the middle ages, Pope Gregory realise that actually
we had been over estimating the length of the day by adding those
repairs every four years. A correction had to be made. We now
make that correction every century, so that ABP falls on a century year,
we do not add the victory that they unless the year is the visible by
four. So the last time we did that was
when? The year 2000, it was a special one,
in 1900 we would have added ABP. The Gregorian calendar is what lasts
to this very day. That is an imprecise science as you have
mentioned, how much longer can we continue with the current system?
The Gregorian calendar is pretty good. Every year that we have to
divide by 400, we have to correct, so correcting for those 11 minutes,
it really is a good job for us, I think that the extra correction was
not really noticed until the millennium and a half after Caesar.
I think we are in good shape for a while.
Do you do that same interview every four years?
I have not done it before, but we will see in four years' time, we
will know then. Thank you very much for joining us.
Olle Ahnstrom, who's 96, has taken to the track once again
at the national championship in Sweden.
He started back in the 1940s, describing himself as a lover
He competed when he was 47. This time he said he would go more
slowly. Not that 100 mph! He built his first bike in his own repair
shop and has never looked back. Even bringing his wife along as the
mechanic. He said it is all about speed.
TRANSLATION: I started in about 1947 on bikes I had booked myself.
I have always been interested. I have driven on grass tracks and Hill
tracts and nice. I think that Israel is the most fun.
The sport uses steel wheels with reader -- razor sharp spikes. He
described the ride is very enjoyable. He says he has no plans
to quit the sport and hopes to still be driving when he reaches 100.
In a Slovenian cave visited by a million tourists every year,
a bizarre and rare amphibian is guarding a significant clutch
of eggs that could become baby dragons.
It's called an olm, it's a blind salamander found in cave rivers
in the Balkans, and it's thought to live for more than a hundred
years but reproduces just once or twice a decade.
A female in an aquarium has laid 50-60 eggs -
and three of them are now showing signs of growth.
You can get in touch with me and some of the team via Twitter -
But for now, from me Karin and the rest of the team, goodbye.