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This is BBC World News Today, with me Karin Giannone.
The headlines: One of the most important moments in the run up
It's Super Tuesday, when 11 states vote for their candidates
for the White House, and this could be the moment
Donald Trump cements his lead in the race for the
8,500 migrants stuck at Greece's border with Macedonia in worsening
conditions, at a camp that can't cope with the numbers.
The trial collapses of a man accused of murdering 29 people in the Omagh
And understanding how memories actually change our brains,
three British researchers win a million Euro prize
for their outstanding contribution to neuroscience.
Voting is in full swing in the biggest test so far for candidates
running for the White House in Super Tuesday. It is seen as a make or
break for republican and democratic hopefuls.
Voters from Vermont to Texas and Georgia are heading
to the polls on this, the biggest day in the nomination
Donald Trump is widely expected to pick up enough votes to be chosen
as the Republican candidate for the White House.
Hillary Clinton is ahead in the Democratic race,
but is still facing a stiff challenge from Bernie Sanders
James Cook in is Houston, Texas, a key Republican battleground.
Yes, as you say, Texas is a big deal in this election, as it is in so
many other ways, such a huge state here in the southern US. We have
seen Ted Cruz here in the last couple of hours. This is a polling
station here in Huston. He is the Texan Senator and he would hope to
win in this part of the world. If he doesn't he may as well pack his bags
and make a very short journey home because if he cannot win his home
state and his chances of getting on towards winning the presidential
nomination for the Republican party seemed to be receding. The positive
news for service Ted Cruz is that the polls suggest that he is doing
well here in Tesco's -- Texas. Not so much for Marco Rubio, the Florida
senator. Polls in Florida suggest he is lagging quite a long way behind
but he has a few weeks to catch up if he wants to do so. He really
needs to do so because Florida is not voting today on Super Tuesday.
11 states voting across the country in an election that has been
extraordinary in many ways. I have spoken to voters here, asking them
what they think of the presidential election campaign so far and it was
striking that three of them, independently of each other, or use
the same word, crazy, to describe the campaign. That could be because
Donald Trump, the outsider and property tycoon has really shaken up
this race and on the other side there has been a challenge that has
shaken at least in the early stages Hillary Clinton as well from Bernie
Sanders, a challenge from the last but this is really the moment -- a
challenge from the left but this really is the moment when we find
out who is all at and no cattle. In Houston, it's the
biggest show in town. Not Super Tuesday, but the annual
livestock fair and Rodeo. They've come to Texas from all over
the United States for this event and when it comes to politics,
folk here, like everywhere, Donald Trump is stating exactly
and what this country needs is a leader in business and not
I don't really care for Trump because I feel like he attacks
people when he's trying to make a point.
I believe he's trying to point out everyone else's flaws and not really
It's kind of crazy right now, if I can go-ahead and say
I dislike, kind of, what he stands for.
Whatever he tells you, he does what he tells you.
In 11 states, Democrats and Republicans are doing just that
today - picking the person they want to stand for President.
Here in Texas there are local elections, too.
But in the White House race the votes will be counted,
shared out among the candidates and then turned into delegates
who will confirm their choice at party conventions in the summer.
For everyone involved in the presidential race this
is the biggest test so far, but here in Texas there's particular
If he loses here, his campaign will be in real trouble.
Polls suggest the Texas Senator is on course for victory
Almost everywhere else though Donald Trump is the favourite.
Today, he campaigned in Ohio, which votes in a fortnight.
Illegal immigration has turned out to be one of the big factors
You wouldn't even be talking about it.
You wouldn't be hearing about it if I didn't take take all that heat.
As for the Democrats, Bernie Sanders left-wing challenge
to Hillary Clinton seems to be fading.
Secretary Clinton stands out in a very positive way and I think
Mr Trump is an embarrassment to our country.
Bernie Sanders, he makes the most sense, he has the most experience
and he's really making a change for America.
The presidential election isn't until November,
but already it feels like make-or-break.
James Cook, BBC News, Houston in Texas.
Stay with us for full coverage of who Americans are choosing
We'll be talking to BBC correspondents in states including
Katty Kay will be bringing it all together live from
Then we'll have the results live from midnight GMT.
And do go to our website for comprehensive analysis
and a live page with the very latest developments.
Europe is on the cusp of a self-induced humanitarian
crisis, that's the verdict of the UN's refugee agency
24,000 people are stranded there because
neighbouring states have imposed restrictions on their borders.
8,500 are stuck at Idomeni on Greece's border
with Macedonia, the scene of fighting yesterday when hundreds
We are just on the edge of the main road running up to the edge
of the border camps between Greece and Macedonia.
What is noticeable this morning is that many hundreds of people
Some of them have been dropped off by taxis about 2km away but these
people here have walked 25km so far this morning from another
They are determined to get to the border today.
You can see the stream of people, I have counted dozens,
if not hundreds, of people walking across this field this morning
heading up to the border camp, which is about 1.5 miles from here.
There are camps further south with capacity for these people.
But the feeling among them is they don't want to be there,
they feel that they will only be able to make progress if they make
So they are determined to get to the border camp despite it
being overcrowded because they think that will give them a better chance
So you have this constant stream now, people walking down this road
and across these fields trying to get to frontier.
This is the main line that runs through the heart of the border camp
here, we are looking south into Greece.
It is being used as a resting place now.
The protests yesterday took place at the border gate,
about 150 metres away and you can see the Greek police have blocked
They are actually preventing people from going up
And a repeat of yesterday's scenes when the tear gas was fired.
So the police here are stopping people from proceeding.
But again you talk to people here, they have been there for many days,
they are not sure when if ever they are going to get
And it just feels even busier every time you come here.
They are trying to feed the people but again there are four
It rained heavily last night so you will see on the fences a lot
of belongings hanging up to dry after the heavy rain.
Lots of the tents here are not waterproof.
It is calmer here today, but still lots of people arriving
and they are getting increasingly fed up with the long wait
they are facing when they say they have the right papers to move
The migrant crisis is putting extreme pressure on Europe's borders
and different countries are responding in different ways.
It's not just Macedonia which is putting up fences.
Migrants heading north are faced with a razor-wire fence
15-feet high along parts of Bulgaria's border with Turkey.
Hungary has put up barriers along its borders with Serbia and Croatia.
There are also fences between Croatia and Slovenia,
All this has meant that migrants and refugees arriving in Greece
are having trouble moving north, deepening the country's crisis.
Speaking from Athens, the Greek Defence Minister,
Panos Kammenos, told the BBC his country is doing its best to manage,
but the actions of countries like Austria are not helping.
It is very important, if they all want to really find a solution, to
not press Greece but pressed Turkey. To operate as we have agreed in Nato
and accept back all these special relations of the middle of the
emergency and to provide them with possibilities to build a camp under
the European Union and UN GR rules, that means the refugee people are
taken to a safe county -- country and don't give the blame game to
Greece. What is happening increases only part of a much wider crisis at
the moment. Clashes have happened in Calais where a camp known as the
jungle is being torn down. This camp has been marked for
demolition. They cried, take our house and we will take our lives! It
was a protest of the powerless, ended in minutes by the police.
Around them other figures watched, defiant from their own flimsy
rooftops, wrapped against the cold. The irony is that migrants here are
clinging on to makeshift shelters in a country most do not want to be.
Moving to official migrant camps with heat and electricity means
registering in France. These temporary shacks show their resolve
not to settle here. This road marks the new boundary of the Jungle.
Everything to the south will be cleared out and the people evicted.
Everything, that is, except for the communal buildings, the mosque
summer schools in the community centres and the churches. Many of
the people who are facing eviction today say that rather than leave
their community the communal buildings where they sleep tonight.
After yesterday's violence, there is a sense of resignation among many
migrants here. As more shelters burns today the government directed
its anger towards the extreme and violent actions by some of the
activists here. Police on the ground told us off camera that most of the
agitators are British. We have arrested four people, mostly
British. These are people who use other spot are never on the
front-line themselves. They use the migrants, inciting them to start
fires and throw stones. The shrinking of the migrant camp hides
a bigger truth. Fresh figures from the UN refugee agency suggest the
rate of new arrivals across the Mediterranean has almost tripled
since last year. The building's might be cleared, but as for their
owners, many are still waiting for their chance in England and many
more are on their way. Next week European leaders will meet
again to find a way out of the crisis. I asked our brussels
correspondent what hope success?
There is a process going on as we speak of European leaders and
meetings going on to try and prepare for that summit on Monday. We have
European leaders from the European Commission, European union leaders,
going to talk with countries along the migrant route, Austria, Balkan
countries, Greece, also going to Turkey and we know on Friday that
Angela Merkel will meet with the French president, Francois Hollande,
to try and coordinate policy there. What they are facing really is the
need to try and get in place this unified European response that they
have been talking about for months, policies that they have already
decided on to institute better controls in Greece, to take those
who have refugee status from Greece and spread them around Europe. All
of those sorts of things. They need to make work efficiently. They
simply have not been functioning and that will be the focus on Monday and
it is something that Angela Merkel is pushing hard and we will see if
she has much success. A look now some of the avenues.
The South African President Jacob Zuma has survived another
no-confidence debate in Parliament. The second in a year. He was
repeatedly accused of destroying the economy he was told he was being
insulted with no luck at his track record. In the end he was defeated.
Police in India have charged a former head of the UN's climates
channel with sexual offences, including harassment and stalking.
The charges come one year after a female colleague at his
environmental think tank in Delhi filed a complaint, accusing him of
sending inappropriate texts and e-mails. He denies all charges.
President Hasan Rouhani has said the results of the elections have
shown that Iranians wanted moderation.
His supporters and their reformist allies won a landslide in Tehran
and deprived the Islamic hardliners of their majority in Parliament.
But their success is largely due to the efforts of two former
presidents who are now back at the centre stage
Former Presidents Mohammad Khatami, on the left here, and Ali Akbar
Hashemi-Rafsanjani, both the bane of the life of the hardliners who,
over the years, have done as much as they
can to isolate them and their political lives.
can to isolate them and end their political lives.
But both are now back from the political wilderness
Former president Rafsanjani here on Friday,
voting in elections that he managed to turn into a big challenge
for Islamic hardliners, hardliners, uniting all the strands of moderate
Islamists behind the supporters of the President Rouhani.
This is a group of almost all the candidates
that he managed together under one umbrella for the elections in
All of them have now been elected, all 30 of them, to the 30
Over the years he has been under ferocious attack from the hardliners
who have deprived him of his position as the Friday prayer
leader of the capital, who pushed him from
the chair of the crucial Assembly Of Experts.
Who jailed his son on charges that are widely seen as
politically motivated and jailed his
daughter for supporting the opposition movement.
But he is now back, elected with the most number
of votes in the elections for the Assembly Of Experts,
with a shot at choosing the next supreme leader.
As for the former president Mohammad Khatami here entering
a polling station to vote on Friday, the hardliners had
even banned the use of his photographs, let alone his words.
This is why in this campaign poster you only see
In spite of being barred from politics he recorded this
video, posted on social media, calling on his supporters,
the reformists and all of those who support democracy to come out
and vote in big numbers for all of their candidates.
A tactic he said could defeat the hardliners, a tactic
Both are now back, having engineered to defeat
the hardliners, who have now lost the control of parliament
Now, the Omagh bombing was the worst single atrocity of the Northern
Ireland Troubles and today the prospect of justice for the victims
remains as remote as ever. The trial has collapsed. Seamus Daly has
always denied the murders and today he was released from prison. The
prosecution said it was withdrawing the charges because a key witness
was unreliable. August 15th, 1998 was
a day unparalleled. Even in Northern Ireland's
history of brutality. This was a Saturday afternoon
in a busy market town. By evening, children and parents
were grieving because of a massive 18 years later, shops have been
repaired, this street rebuilt but nothing is forgotten in Omagh
with the relatives of those who died However, they didn't find it
when they went to court today. The case against Seamus Daly,
the man accused of all 29 murders collapsed before it
even reached trial. If you notice here this morning,
there's not many families. Most families have given
up on justice. They've given up
on the justice system. Seamus Daly's always strongly denied
any part in the explosion in Omagh. I'd like to ask you some questions,
please, about the Omagh bombing. However, in 2000, Panorama named him
as one of the Real IRA gang Key to the prosecution case
was a mobile phone used Their main witness said
he could connect Seamus Daly However in court he gave
inconsistent evidence and contradicted his
earlier testimony. The prosecution against
the defendant, Seamus Daly, The failure of this case to reach
trial means only one man has ever been prosecuted
for the murders at Omagh. In December 2007, Sean Howie
was acquitted and cleared of involvement in the attacks
after a lengthy criminal case. Two years later, four other men,
including Seamus Daly, were found liable in a civil case
but they continued to push Two years ago, Seamus Daly
was arrested and charged. However, today, the case against him
collapsed with the prosecutors admitting they didn't
have enough evidence. To bring it to that level where it's
even been at a committal I don't understand why they put
families continually through it. This afternoon, Seamus Daly left
prison where he's been held He's no longer wanted in connection
with the murders of all those But the town's them otherial garden
also serves as a reminder no-one's been held to account
for their deaths. Three British researchers have won a
coveted award for their work in the brain. They all made scientific
advances into research on the memory and how we all remember.
Throughout our lives we collect memories,
some remaining clear, others fading, they're part of a system that allows
Without it, we'd never advance and everyday tasks,
like driving, would be simply impossible.
Until recently, no-one knew how the brain could store information,
but researchers at this lab in Edinburgh, together with teams
in Bristol and London, have found ways to explain
Memory we've now got a good handle on because we know about the events
that occur when memories are laid down.
We know more or less where it happens and we know at the level
or connections between nerve cells what's happening.
How the brain actually holds memories was for years something
that was too difficult to understand, but scientists then
realised that one part of it, called the hippocampus,
Inside it there are billions of connections between the brain
cells and, when those links become stronger,
that's the key mechanism allowing us to remember.
So one crucial discovery is that the brain can change,
creating new connections and breaking them.
Another is that faults with this process can be linked to conditions
including depression, autism, addiction and Alzheimer's.
An image of some of the billions of connections inside the brain.
One hope with this research is to fight Alzheimer's
If we could zero in on this connection process between brain
cells and understand why that connection process is,
as it were, under stress, and making it difficult for people
to keep a record of their daily events, then maybe we could develop
new kinds of drugs that could help that process.
As the scientists delve into the mechanism of memory,
That some day in the future people who are suffering from trauma,
like soldiers after battle, might be helped by having their bad
memories deleted, a whole new world of possible treatments has
Now, a lot of people have been talking about this online, wondering
what it could have been. Pictures have emerged of a suspected meteor
shower, lighting up the sky across the north-east of Scotland. Many
people reported seeing what looked like a fireball and a bright flash.
Others said they heard a rumbling sound caused by something like a
sonic boom. Very impressive. The Rolling Stones have announced they
will play their first ever concert in Cuba on the 25th of March.
It will be a free, open a gate. It will be held in the Cuban capital
Havana and it will come four days after the scheduled visit of
President Barack Obama to the island. In a statement the band
said, we have performed in many special places throughout our long
career but this show in Havana is going to be a landmark event for us.
Let us return to our top story. It is crunch time for the Republican
and Democratic hopefuls for the race in the White House. In 11 states are
making a choice and we will get a brief flavour of the mood amongst
those casting their ballots. Hillary Clinton supporters in Virginia. She
is more qualified than any other candidacy history. Her experience as
Secretary of State and Senator makes a very impressive candidate. I think
she will win today and as far as going for words I think she will do
great. A little bit depends on who the
Republican candidate is. In my opinion if it is Donald Trump, I
think she will win overwhelmingly. Donald Trump will make America great
again. A lot of things that go on in this city, we don't need a
socialist. They raced my property taxes through the roof. I stood in
line for six hours the other day at Trump rally because to me he is just
the man, the one who will make the country great again. Full results of
Super Tuesday on BBC News. That is it from the programme. Good night.