02/03/2016 World News Today


02/03/2016

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It was a Super Tuesday for two of the candidates bidding

:00:00.:00:11.

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton emerged as the clear winners,

:00:12.:00:16.

but their rivals did manage to keep both Republican

:00:17.:00:18.

The European Commission announces 750 million dollars in emergency aid

:00:19.:00:25.

to help the worst affected countries in Europe cope

:00:26.:00:28.

Another failed attempt to provide the people of Spain with a

:00:29.:00:43.

government, why is it no party can muster a coalition. Last November

:00:44.:00:49.

when a fourth major party, a Liberal party, was created, this is what

:00:50.:00:55.

happened. Neither the main parties nor any of the newcomers got a

:00:56.:01:06.

majority. And what would happen if a drone hit an aeroplane. Pilots in

:01:07.:01:10.

the UK are calling for tests to find out.

:01:11.:01:20.

After the biggest night so far in the race to be nominated for US

:01:21.:01:24.

President, Super Tuesday, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton

:01:25.:01:26.

They each won the majority of the primaries and caucuses in 11

:01:27.:01:32.

But their main rivals also secured vital victories to keep them

:01:33.:01:36.

To secure the nomination, candidates must win a certain number

:01:37.:01:42.

of delegates who will elect the presidential hopefuls at party

:01:43.:01:45.

The Republican nominee needs 1,237 delegates to win.

:01:46.:01:54.

So far Donald Trump has 285, with his nearest rivals Ted Cruz

:01:55.:02:00.

and Marco Rubio trailing well behind him.

:02:01.:02:04.

The Democratic nominee needs 2,383 delegates to win,

:02:05.:02:16.

and as you can see Hillary Clinton is way ahead with 1034 delegates.

:02:17.:02:19.

Our North America Editor Jon Sopel reports.

:02:20.:02:23.

The next president of the United States!

:02:24.:02:31.

Campaigning in Ohio, he had the air of a man who,

:02:32.:02:34.

whatever the elements might throw at him, was going to prevail.

:02:35.:02:39.

So at his victory party last night in Florida,

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I know people are going to find that a little bit hard to believe,

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I think we are going to be more inclusive.

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I think we're going to be more unified.

:02:58.:02:59.

I think we're going to be able to unify the party.

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I hope to be able to get along with everybody.

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And on some key policies like immigration, he seemed to be

:03:05.:03:07.

But it was the Republican Party leadership he was most

:03:08.:03:12.

And yes, his new favourite word again.

:03:13.:03:16.

I would love to see the Republican Party and everybody

:03:17.:03:20.

And when we unify there's nobody, nobody, that is going to beat us.

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This has been a toned down, much more conciliatory Donald Trump

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at his news conference, stressing that he is a unifier

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Gone were the sharp attacks on his rivals.

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It is almost as though he is looking beyond this process

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to when he is the Republican nominee.

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This man is arithmetically best placed.

:03:48.:03:53.

Senator Ted Cruz won three states last night and to the other

:03:54.:03:56.

anti-Trump candidates he had a simple message.

:03:57.:03:58.

So long as the field remains divided, Donald Trump's

:03:59.:04:04.

path to the nomination remains more likely.

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And that would be a disaster for Republicans, for Conservatives

:04:09.:04:14.

But after super Tuesday it is wash-up Wednesday.

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And there are no signs whatsoever that any of the other

:04:23.:04:25.

Which all but guarantees Donald Trump's path.

:04:26.:04:30.

On the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton swept the south

:04:31.:04:37.

and halted the advance of Bernie Sanders.

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He was an afterthought in her speech.

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Instead this was about getting Donald Trump and ridiculing his

:04:43.:04:45.

Nothing is settled yet but increasingly it is looking

:04:46.:05:06.

like it will be Clinton versus Trump for the White House.

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And who would have guessed that scenario a year ago?

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My colleague Katty Kay joins me from Washington.

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We heard John saying that a year ago nobody would have predicted this,

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but people are saying now it could be Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump

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going head to head. How likely do you think it is? It is increasingly

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likely. It is harder to do the maths for any other candidate and it is

:05:44.:05:48.

impossible for Bernie Sanders to envisage a way in which he could

:05:49.:05:53.

become the Democratic nominee. If you are very clever with the maths

:05:54.:05:57.

on the Republican side, you can just about find a path for Marco Rubio or

:05:58.:06:03.

Ted Cruz to topple Donald Trump, but the chances are so slim. A year ago

:06:04.:06:08.

I certainly would not have predicted this. Six months ago when he

:06:09.:06:13.

announced he was going to run in June, he came down the escalator at

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Trump Tower and announced his candidacy and I would never have

:06:19.:06:23.

imagined he would this far. That is an indication of what upset has

:06:24.:06:29.

been. The Republican establishment did not predict it either and now

:06:30.:06:33.

they have made it clear they do not want him to be their candidate. What

:06:34.:06:39.

happens if he is? There is a lot of hand-wringing in Republican seconds

:06:40.:06:45.

-- circles, wondering whether they should have turned on him in a weigh

:06:46.:06:55.

and stopped him last autumn. Nobody wanted to take him on in the

:06:56.:06:59.

debates. The other candidates did not want to, they felt they would

:07:00.:07:06.

alienate their supporters. Now the Republican party is in a state of

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panic thinking, what do we do? Increasing numbers of senior

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Republicans are coming out and saying, we cannot vote for this man.

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A group of Republicans are organising a super packed, a

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financially funded organising committee to try and stop Donald

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Trump. You have got the Speaker of the House accusing Donald Trump of

:07:31.:07:35.

bigotry. They are speaking out, but Donald Trump supporters do not give

:07:36.:07:39.

a hoot what the establishment thinks. What they care about is

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their candidate and whoever attacks him comes into trouble from them and

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it seems to make him stronger. It only up until now has boosted him in

:07:51.:07:56.

the ratings. It seems incredibly dramatic as well. Thank you for

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bringing us up to date. Thank you for bringing

:07:58.:07:58.

us up to date. Plenty more on Super Tuesday

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and the race for the White House online, including this story

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about a spike in Google searches by Americans asking about how

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they can move to Canada. This came after the results

:08:06.:08:08.

of Super-Tuesday. Yes, the company's data editor said

:08:09.:08:10.

there'd been a 350% spike. Find out where they

:08:11.:08:15.

want to move from. The European Union has announced

:08:16.:08:18.

a plan to spend an extra 700 million The new funding is intended to help

:08:19.:08:30.

Greece deal with the influx of tens of thousands of

:08:31.:08:38.

refugees and migrants. Danny Savage reports from Idomeni

:08:39.:08:39.

on the Greek border with Macedonia where up to 15,000

:08:40.:08:42.

people are stranded. In northern Greece tented villages

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have sprung up on military sites. Hastily built, this is the emergency

:08:50.:08:53.

plan to house migrants. But many of them aren't interested,

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they feel these sites are a dead end, so as soon as they get off

:08:58.:09:01.

the buses they start walking This family from Syria tell me why

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they are not staying. A tent is not much of a life, you

:09:05.:09:20.

cannot stay in a tent for the rest of your life. The cam gives us food

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and shelter, but we did not come through the sea to stay in Greece.

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It is a nine-hour journey on foot, but here a taxi driver

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This is where they are heading for, a mass of humanity gathered in tiny

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tents living in hope that one day soon they might get out of here.

:09:38.:09:47.

The gate they have to pass through open for a time today, but at the

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present rate it would take two months to clear this camp.

:09:54.:09:54.

So with people piling up in Greece, the EU has today announced

:09:55.:09:59.

it is going to spend a lot more money on trying

:10:00.:10:01.

It is set to spend up to 700 million euros on things like food,

:10:02.:10:06.

Agencies say it is helpful, but it is not a long-term solution.

:10:07.:10:14.

What needs to be done is to have a common European policy on how to

:10:15.:10:24.

manage these people who are fleeing persecution and who want to seek

:10:25.:10:26.

about a long-term solution to this crisis, they argue here as well.

:10:27.:10:32.

It is a volatile atmosphere, but this is right at the front

:10:33.:10:35.

More money may be coming to see off a humanitarian crisis,

:10:36.:10:40.

but what these people really want is to pass

:10:41.:10:42.

The UN Security Council has adopted new sanctions against North Korea

:10:43.:10:56.

in response to it's latest nuclear test, which was carried

:10:57.:10:58.

The United States and North Korea's tradition ally China,

:10:59.:11:01.

spent seven weeks negotiating the measures.

:11:02.:11:03.

John Sudworth reports from the border between China

:11:04.:11:05.

On one side of the river is the impoverished countryside

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On the other, the bustling Chinese city and between them is this

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Around half of North Korea's trade with the outside world passes

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The truck drivers hand their orders to the waiting Chinese traders.

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They are well aware of the political sensitivities

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There are big fears that pushed by North Korea's continued

:11:44.:11:54.

missile and nuclear tests, China really is no

:11:55.:11:58.

In order to cut off funding for this kind of technology,

:11:59.:12:04.

the new sanctions will hit trade hard, including

:12:05.:12:06.

The simple fact that China agrees for tougher sanctions

:12:07.:12:13.

against North Korea itself sends a very strong political signal

:12:14.:12:17.

But inside China's customs zone on the same day as the UN

:12:18.:12:26.

Security Council vote, we find what look like troop

:12:27.:12:29.

carriers, presumably here for one purpose only, export.

:12:30.:12:36.

Nobody has tried to stop us from filming in here yet.

:12:37.:12:40.

There is no sign of the toughened inspections regime that these

:12:41.:12:44.

new sanctions are meant to bring into force.

:12:45.:12:46.

Along with this brand-new military kit, primed and ready to roll

:12:47.:12:50.

across the bridge into North Korea, it all raises an important question.

:12:51.:12:55.

It is not about how tough the sanctions are, but about how

:12:56.:12:58.

On the river tourists stare at the impenetrable land beyond.

:12:59.:13:09.

China has always feared the risk of collapse if it pushes

:13:10.:13:12.

We should remain friends, this man tells me.

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China cherishes peace, this woman says, we will not

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It is a reality that will be only too familiar to the fledgling

:13:25.:13:31.

There is still no government in Spain after last

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The Socialist party has failed to get a majority in parliament. James

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Reynolds has been to a market in Madrid to find out what some

:13:58.:14:00.

Spaniards think of the political stalemate.

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For almost 40 years, Spain's political system

:14:04.:14:05.

There had always been a main right wing party and then

:14:06.:14:10.

For years the parties took more than 80% of the vote between them,

:14:11.:14:15.

regularly swapping power with little drama.

:14:16.:14:18.

But then after the economic crisis began a new party,

:14:19.:14:23.

Podemos, was created on the left wing and this is what happened.

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Suddenly Spanish voters found they had three major parties

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to choose from, which made it more complicated.

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Things got even more complicated last December when Ciudadanos,

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a fourth major party, a Liberal party, was created

:14:36.:14:38.

Neither the main parties nor any of the other newcomers

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TRANSLATION: It is a pity they don't agree and form

:14:47.:14:57.

Not having a government is bad for the country, the economy.

:14:58.:15:02.

We need a government as soon as possible.

:15:03.:15:08.

A difficult agreement, but I think it is possible.

:15:09.:15:22.

There is not going to be a government after the debate today.

:15:23.:15:27.

I think we go to the elections in June, that is almost 98%,

:15:28.:15:33.

And we can now cross to James Reynolds who's outside

:15:34.:15:42.

I never knew you had those incredible juggling skills. Well

:15:43.:15:54.

done. You seem to have done a lot better than the politicians. Why is

:15:55.:15:57.

it they cannot get it together and form a coalition? I had a misspent

:15:58.:16:03.

youth, they were probably doing more serious things. But their problem is

:16:04.:16:09.

they have inherited a system that has been smashed into pieces by the

:16:10.:16:13.

voters, probably deliberately by voters are fed up with the two main

:16:14.:16:20.

parties. This time they got just 61% of the vote between them and any

:16:21.:16:24.

attempts to form a coalition has been difficult. The main party, the

:16:25.:16:30.

popular party declined an invitation to try to form a new government. The

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runners up, the Socialists, have had a go and they began their night in

:16:36.:16:41.

the parliament, but they only control a quarter of the seats. They

:16:42.:16:46.

failed to get an absolute majority tonight. They will get another go on

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Friday. A lady in your report says she thinks it will go to elections

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in June. What happens next? First of all on Friday, there will be another

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vote at this parliament. There will be an easier way for the Socialists

:17:05.:17:08.

to get a majority because abstentions will help them. But if

:17:09.:17:13.

the Socialist party do not get more yes votes, there might be another

:17:14.:17:18.

two months of uncertainty before elections might be triggered by an

:17:19.:17:23.

announcement in May. A lot of Spaniards walking around seemed not

:17:24.:17:31.

put out by what is happening. They do not expect a quick resolution and

:17:32.:17:34.

they think they will have to get out there voting cards again in June.

:17:35.:17:38.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:17:39.:17:42.

A woman suspected of beheading a child in her care before

:17:43.:17:45.

displaying the severed head outside a Moscow metro station says Allah

:17:46.:17:47.

On Monday police wrestled Gulchekhra Bobokulova to the ground

:17:48.:17:52.

- a 38-year-old divorced mother of three from the Muslim-majority

:17:53.:17:56.

Malaysia's transport minister says there is a "high possibility" that

:17:57.:18:04.

plane debris found in Mozambique came from a Boeing 777 -

:18:05.:18:07.

the same model as missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370.

:18:08.:18:12.

The debris will be taken to Australia to be examined.

:18:13.:18:16.

An earthquake has struck off the coast of western Indonesia.

:18:17.:18:19.

A tsunami warning was issued by the authorities, but has

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There are no immediate reports of damage.

:18:23.:18:30.

The astronaut Scott Kelly has returned to Earth after setting

:18:31.:18:32.

a record for the longest time spent in space by an American, 340 days.

:18:33.:18:36.

That's twice the length of a normal stay.

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Now back with his feet firmly on the ground Mr Kelly faces

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lots of tests and experiments to see how his bones and muscles might have

:18:47.:18:50.

been affected by such a long period in space.

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Our science correspondent Pallab Ghosh reports

:18:53.:18:54.

Scott Kelly, back on mother Earth, after 340 days in space.

:18:55.:19:01.

Unused to gravity, he needs to be carried from his space capsule.

:19:02.:19:06.

First, a call to say he has arrived home safely.

:19:07.:19:11.

No American has been in space longer.

:19:12.:19:15.

I would like to relinquish command of the International Space Station

:19:16.:19:19.

to my friend and colleague Tim Kopra.

:19:20.:19:22.

Scott Kelly's journey back began just hours earlier.

:19:23.:19:26.

Then came the goodbyes, first a hug from Tim Peake,

:19:27.:19:30.

and the others who will remain on board.

:19:31.:19:33.

The hatch closes and soon the Soyuz spacecraft is on its way.

:19:34.:19:39.

And a farewell to the International Space Station.

:19:40.:19:50.

A little later, re-entry into the earth's atmosphere.

:19:51.:19:54.

And this was what we were waiting for.

:19:55.:19:57.

A keen photographer, Scott Kelly took some of the most

:19:58.:20:05.

stunning images of the space station.

:20:06.:20:08.

And he amazed people on earth with his scientific demonstrations.

:20:09.:20:13.

And Tim Peake helped him test out a new type of suit.

:20:14.:20:20.

It's a year in space that has helped science and inspired

:20:21.:20:23.

Here in the UK airline pilots are calling for tests to see

:20:24.:20:35.

what would happen if a drone hit a passenger plane.

:20:36.:20:39.

There have been several near misses above London recently.

:20:40.:20:41.

Latest figures show that small drones almost hit aircraft 23 times

:20:42.:20:45.

Our transport correspondent Tom Edwards has more.

:20:46.:20:53.

Drones can get you incredible footage, and sales of

:20:54.:20:56.

But not everyone sticks to the rules.

:20:57.:21:01.

You're not meant to fly them close to buildings,

:21:02.:21:03.

While most operators, like this one, fly them

:21:04.:21:08.

responsibly, there is an increasing number of cases of drones getting

:21:09.:21:12.

I think it's only a matter of time until there is a major incident.

:21:13.:21:23.

Fortunately, the vast majority of hobby drone pilots who buy these

:21:24.:21:29.

things for fun behave responsibly because they do not want to lose

:21:30.:21:32.

this valuable piece of equipment. Professional operators, we are

:21:33.:21:39.

legally bound by the terms of our permission to fly in a certain way.

:21:40.:21:45.

There have been 23 near misses between drones and aircraft over six

:21:46.:21:50.

months. In half of those there was a serious risk of collision. At

:21:51.:21:56.

Stansted on September 13, a Boeing 737 nearly hit a drone. On the same

:21:57.:22:02.

day one came within 20 metres of a jet approaching city airport. On

:22:03.:22:08.

September the 22nd Boeing taking off from Heathrow came within 25 metres

:22:09.:22:15.

of a drone. On September 30, an Airbus was just six metres away from

:22:16.:22:21.

a drone landing at the same airport. Airline pilots are now calling for

:22:22.:22:26.

tests to see what would happen if a drone hit a plane. They fear the

:22:27.:22:31.

lithium batteries in a drone would make a collision much worse than a

:22:32.:22:36.

bird strike. Normally a bird will damage the engine and make it stop

:22:37.:22:41.

and go out the back and everything would be contained within the casing

:22:42.:22:45.

of the engine. If the lithium battery gets into the core of the

:22:46.:22:49.

engine where it is very hot, we are concerned there might be a

:22:50.:22:55.

non-contained engine failure and a very serious emergency. The

:22:56.:22:59.

government says it is trying to improve its understanding of this

:23:00.:23:03.

emerging technology and it said it was set at further regulation on the

:23:04.:23:14.

use of drones later in the year. We have breaking news and contender for

:23:15.:23:19.

the Republican Party nomination Ben Carson says he will not attend the

:23:20.:23:23.

presidential debate tomorrow. He said he did not see a political path

:23:24.:23:28.

forward in the light of last night's results. He did not say he was

:23:29.:23:33.

suspending his campaign. He stressed his grassroots movement with the

:23:34.:23:36.

He stressed his grassroots movement with the people will continue.

:23:37.:23:41.

South Korean MPs have set a new world record for the longest

:23:42.:23:44.

combined filibuster in history after speaking for 192 hours.

:23:45.:23:46.

Politicians from the opposition party took turns speaking

:23:47.:23:48.

at the podium for five hours at a time.

:23:49.:23:53.

The delaying technique is an old political tactic aimed

:23:54.:23:56.

at thwarting parliamentary votes, as Michael Hirst explains.

:23:57.:23:59.

The world's longest filibuster has just ended unsuccessfully in South

:24:00.:24:01.

At 192 hours, the marathon filibuster easily surpassed

:24:02.:24:06.

session by 103 members of Canada's New Democratic

:24:07.:24:11.

The term originally described 18th-century Spanish pirates

:24:12.:24:26.

who pillage colonies in the West Indies, but now it

:24:27.:24:28.

refers to a Parliamentary tactic used to delay or obstruct proposed

:24:29.:24:31.

Let's say you did not want a bill to pass in Parliament.

:24:32.:24:37.

You talk until the Parliamentary session ends and no

:24:38.:24:41.

That is what has been happening in South Korea.

:24:42.:24:47.

The bill at the centre of contention would allow the government

:24:48.:24:54.

intelligence service to collect a wide range of personal information

:24:55.:24:57.

as well as give it further power to track suspected terrorists.

:24:58.:25:00.

But opposition parties argued this is a violation of privacy

:25:01.:25:04.

so they deployed the filibusters to stop it.

:25:05.:25:06.

Unfortunately it is not as simple as wheeling in a TV

:25:07.:25:12.

You cannot just freestyle a filibuster.

:25:13.:25:16.

MPs were obliged to stand the whole time and could not leave

:25:17.:25:21.

They were not allowed to consume anything except water

:25:22.:25:25.

and they were not allowed to leave to go to the bathroom unless ducking

:25:26.:25:28.

Some filibustering tactics and techniques used included

:25:29.:25:33.

reading academic studies, reading news articles,

:25:34.:25:36.

reading internet comments, reading a large section

:25:37.:25:39.

of George Orwell's 1984, wearing trainers so they could stand

:25:40.:25:42.

for longer, and going easy on the water to avoid

:25:43.:25:45.

That is certainly more than I could talk for. That is all we have time

:25:46.:26:01.

As we head on into Thursday's high pressure will settle things down

:26:02.:26:13.

nicely and the winds will be

:26:14.:26:14.

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