04/03/2016 World News Today


04/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me James Coomarasamy.

:00:00.:00:00.

A potential new line of inquiry opens up years after OJ Simpson

:00:07.:00:12.

was found not guilty of killing his ex-wife

:00:13.:00:14.

Police in Los Angeles say they are testing a knife which has

:00:15.:00:19.

been recovered, to find out whether it could be

:00:20.:00:21.

It is being treated as we would all evidence -

:00:22.:00:26.

so it is being submitted to our lab - they are going to study it

:00:27.:00:29.

After prosecutors in Brazil question the former President -

:00:30.:00:36.

Lula - as part of a corruption inquiry - he accuses them

:00:37.:00:39.

The WHO says there is growing evidence of a link between the virus

:00:40.:00:51.

and neurological disorders. And, we hear why award-winning

:00:52.:00:57.

Angolan singer C4-Pedro can claim More than 20 years after OJ Simpson

:00:58.:00:59.

was found not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole

:01:00.:01:20.

and her friend Ron Goldman, police are investigating

:01:21.:01:24.

new evidence in the case. Millions watched the televised

:01:25.:01:28.

trial back in 1995. The prosecution was never able

:01:29.:01:33.

to produce a murder weapon, Now it seems that knife

:01:34.:01:35.

may have been found. Police are testing a knife

:01:36.:01:40.

that was recovered on property once owned by the former

:01:41.:01:43.

American football star. Just over half an hour ago,

:01:44.:01:46.

the Los Angeles police department gave a press conference

:01:47.:01:49.

and described the unusual circumstances in which

:01:50.:01:51.

the knife was found. The person who we've received this

:01:52.:01:54.

knife from is a retired LAPD officer, who retired

:01:55.:01:57.

back in the late 90s. He was a motor officer

:01:58.:02:01.

and at the time, according to him, he was working an off

:02:02.:02:04.

duty, which is... He was working a moving job

:02:05.:02:08.

which a lot of our officers do on an off duty basis,

:02:09.:02:12.

as well as our retired officers. So I do not know whether he

:02:13.:02:20.

was retired at the time that he allegedly received this item

:02:21.:02:27.

from the person who claimed they founded on the property,

:02:28.:02:30.

or if he was still, in fact, an LAPD officer and then retired

:02:31.:02:33.

sometime after that. So, the investigators will continue

:02:34.:02:35.

to look at this. That item has been recovered

:02:36.:02:39.

by robbery homicide investigators. It is being treated

:02:40.:02:52.

as we would all evidence - so it has been submitted to our lab,

:02:53.:02:54.

they are going to study it and examine it for all forensics,

:02:55.:02:57.

including serology and DNA and hair samples and that is ongoing

:02:58.:03:00.

as we speak. Just when you think all the drama

:03:01.:03:09.

has been milked from this particular case, along comes this.

:03:10.:03:14.

Yes. Quite an extraordinary development. More than two decades

:03:15.:03:22.

after the murders here in Los Angeles, 1994 there were killed.

:03:23.:03:24.

They were stabbed to death. The murder weapon was never found and

:03:25.:03:29.

then in the trial the following year, when it felt like the whole

:03:30.:03:33.

world was watching, OJ Simpson was of course acquitted in a dramatic

:03:34.:03:39.

finale to quite an incredible trial. And then in the years that followed,

:03:40.:03:43.

don't forget, civil proceedings were brought against him by the victim's

:03:44.:03:48.

families and he lost them. He was us quickly sent to prison in 2008 for

:03:49.:03:53.

armed robbery. So twists and turns and then the latest now is the

:03:54.:03:57.

finding of this my brother the circumstances of its discovery are

:03:58.:04:02.

not clear and it is not clear why it was not investigated earlier and it

:04:03.:04:06.

is a big question for the LAPD. That police officer talking about

:04:07.:04:09.

the circumstances under which it may have been found also suggesting that

:04:10.:04:13.

this may come to nothing. Yes, he did. It is important to

:04:14.:04:17.

stress that. The police captain who was addressing the media said it was

:04:18.:04:22.

important to note that they did not necessarily think this was the

:04:23.:04:26.

murder weapon. They were there no means at that stage at the moment

:04:27.:04:30.

and were looking into whether run not it had any relationship to the

:04:31.:04:34.

case because the police officer who was supposedly given the knife has

:04:35.:04:38.

given an account, a second-hand account of how it was found. So they

:04:39.:04:41.

don't even know for sure that it was definitely found on the property.

:04:42.:04:47.

This property that was demolished in 1998 and the suggestion was it was

:04:48.:04:51.

found around that time but they have not confirmed that information so a

:04:52.:04:56.

lot of enquiries still to carry out. Not least the DNA testing which it

:04:57.:05:01.

is interesting to note that science is far more advanced than it was at

:05:02.:05:05.

the time of these murders. Thank you very much.

:05:06.:05:05.

The former president of Brazil has condemned his detention

:05:06.:05:09.

and questioning in a corruption case.

:05:10.:05:12.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was taken from his house and questioned

:05:13.:05:15.

He says the police only had to call and he would have gone.

:05:16.:05:19.

Scuffles outside former President Luiz Inacio Lula da

:05:20.:05:27.

Silva's home after he was taken away for questioning by police.

:05:28.:05:32.

A long-running corruption probe targets its biggest figure.

:05:33.:05:34.

For many Brazilians, he is a saviour but for others

:05:35.:05:39.

he is the emblem of a corrupt government.

:05:40.:05:48.

But this is Brazil, where he made history as the first president

:05:49.:05:51.

A steelworker who reached the highest office.

:05:52.:05:54.

As head of the workers' party he ran the country from 2003 until 2011.

:05:55.:05:57.

Presiding over a booming economy and lifting millions out of poverty.

:05:58.:06:00.

His popularity was enough to elect his chosen successor.

:06:01.:06:11.

But his legacy is being tarnished by a deepening corruption scandal

:06:12.:06:14.

The police alleged that state appointed members got kickbacks

:06:15.:06:21.

The state prosecutor says they are working on the hypothesis

:06:22.:06:26.

that some of this money ended up in the former

:06:27.:06:30.

The former president denies all charges.

:06:31.:06:36.

In a strongly worded statement, he said he was the victim

:06:37.:06:40.

of violence and the case was an assault against the rules of law.

:06:41.:06:43.

The police questioned him for three hours and,

:06:44.:06:47.

even if no charges are applied, this is seen as a major blow

:06:48.:06:50.

to his whole process of becoming a presidential candidate in 2018.

:06:51.:06:57.

Well, let's talk to our correspondent Daniel Gallas in Rio,

:06:58.:06:59.

because Lula has been giving a press conference in the last hour.

:07:00.:07:04.

The former president has been speaking in the past hour and what

:07:05.:07:10.

did he have to say? Well, he gave a very impassioned

:07:11.:07:16.

defence of his institute and all of his work and legacy. He says he is

:07:17.:07:21.

being subject to violence by the institutions. He says this is a

:07:22.:07:25.

media circus not a serious investigation. He says that the

:07:26.:07:29.

country's powerful elite are after him because of all his track record

:07:30.:07:35.

against poverty and they don't want his project for Brazil to continue.

:07:36.:07:41.

So that is what he said regarding the investigations. He also said

:07:42.:07:44.

there is nothing wrong with the money he earned and compared himself

:07:45.:07:49.

to Bill Clinton, saying he is as expensive and valuable as Bill

:07:50.:07:53.

Clinton when giving speeches and that there is nothing wrong with the

:07:54.:07:58.

money he earned so he gave a passionate defence and a very

:07:59.:08:01.

challenging one at times he almost sounded a bit like a politician who

:08:02.:08:07.

wants to run an election campaign which is what many people expect

:08:08.:08:10.

leading about. How popular is he?

:08:11.:08:16.

He is still very popular and a lot of his supporters up onto the

:08:17.:08:19.

streets today and they are organising more demos in the coming

:08:20.:08:23.

days. Now we might see a bit of a clash of demos. Who can say to the

:08:24.:08:30.

largest protest? There are a lot of people who will go out on the

:08:31.:08:32.

streets to protest against him so we will see in the next few days just

:08:33.:08:36.

how popular he remains. But obviously this has been a very

:08:37.:08:42.

strong attack for him and for his campaign if he has any political

:08:43.:08:46.

ambitions in the coming years. Daniel, thank you very much.

:08:47.:08:53.

The World Health Organisation says there is accumulating evidence

:08:54.:08:55.

from multiple studies of a link between the Zika virus and two

:08:56.:08:58.

The Zika virus is spread by mosquitoes and generally causes

:08:59.:09:02.

However the WHO says increasing evidence links it

:09:03.:09:06.

with the development of microcephaly, which causes birth

:09:07.:09:10.

defects, and the Guillain-Barre syndrome

:09:11.:09:11.

The US lab tests are an important step towards proving the link.

:09:12.:09:38.

It is a detective job going on here with teams of scientists around the

:09:39.:09:42.

world desperately trying to understand how this virus works, how

:09:43.:09:46.

it could get into the body, how it could affect a baby's brain

:09:47.:09:50.

development and cause that's terrible condition of the abnormally

:09:51.:09:54.

small heads. So what we have is a series of pieces of evidence, if you

:09:55.:10:00.

like. So for example busy cub Iris, traces of a profound in infected

:10:01.:10:05.

pregnant women and in some babies who have the disease and now this

:10:06.:10:09.

study in America which is an important step forward as you say

:10:10.:10:13.

where scientists took the virus and applied it to human stem cells.

:10:14.:10:18.

These are cells which could go on to develop into brain cells and they

:10:19.:10:24.

found that actually 90% of them were infected by Zika and went on to

:10:25.:10:27.

become damaged. So what you got is the tangible physical proof of a

:10:28.:10:33.

mechanism by which the virus could damage a baby's rain.

:10:34.:10:37.

Surgeons in Poland are launching a global search for two paralysed

:10:38.:10:39.

patients who they will try to help to walk again

:10:40.:10:42.

In 2014 the same team announced they'd reversed paralysis

:10:43.:10:45.

in a former fireman after using cells taken from his nose

:10:46.:10:47.

Our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh broke the story then

:10:48.:10:51.

He is the paralysed man who walked again.

:10:52.:11:01.

This is Darek Fidyka in 2014, after his regenerative cell

:11:02.:11:05.

transplant, documented by the BBC's Panorama.

:11:06.:11:11.

Now, a bigger test, to ride this tricycle.

:11:12.:11:14.

Remember, this is a man who had been completely

:11:15.:11:16.

paralysed below his chest after being stabbed.

:11:17.:11:19.

Now, he is relearning how to control his legs,

:11:20.:11:21.

sending commands from his brain down to his muscles,

:11:22.:11:28.

and receiving sensations back, all flowing through his

:11:29.:11:33.

The effort is as much mental as physical.

:11:34.:11:43.

TRANSLATION: If I really think, I can feel each muscle,

:11:44.:11:47.

The brain is very important and I appreciate it

:11:48.:11:52.

lays a crucial role in cycling, or any other exercise I do.

:11:53.:11:58.

The big question now is whether Darek's extraordinary

:11:59.:12:03.

achievements can be repeated in other patients.

:12:04.:12:06.

Only a clinical trial can show whether or not the cell transplant

:12:07.:12:09.

does indeed represent a revolution in the treatment of paralysis,

:12:10.:12:11.

which would make it one of the greatest

:12:12.:12:15.

That's why his surgeon is launching a worldwide search,

:12:16.:12:22.

via a website, for two patients with highly unusual injuries.

:12:23.:12:30.

Their spinal-cord must be completely severed,

:12:31.:12:33.

Help them, and it will silence any doubters.

:12:34.:12:38.

We can prove once and forever that we can repair

:12:39.:12:42.

There would be no speculation if we succeed to reconstruct.

:12:43.:12:47.

This would be history, this will change history.

:12:48.:12:49.

If we succeed, we'll find a cure for paralysis.

:12:50.:12:54.

The patients will have one of their olfactory bulbs,

:12:55.:12:57.

at the base of the brain, shown in green, removed.

:12:58.:13:01.

It processes the sense of smell, and is the only part of the nervous

:13:02.:13:04.

In a second operation, cells from the

:13:05.:13:13.

bulb will be transplanted into the spinal-cord to provide

:13:14.:13:15.

a pathway for nerve fibres to grow back.

:13:16.:13:17.

The patients selected for the trial will

:13:18.:13:22.

undergo intensive physiotherapy, both before and especially

:13:23.:13:26.

In all, they will have to commit to spending three years

:13:27.:13:30.

living at this rehabilitation centre in Poland.

:13:31.:13:36.

The research will be independently assessed by this team

:13:37.:13:42.

They will use equipment like this magnetic stimulator

:13:43.:13:53.

to monitor the patients' neurological pathways

:13:54.:13:54.

As a proof of principle, I'm very excited, because

:13:55.:14:02.

this is a novel treatment that holds a great deal of promise.

:14:03.:14:09.

This would open up hope that an alternative

:14:10.:14:10.

But it is going to take some years to refine it.

:14:11.:14:21.

The treatment will cost ?250,000 per patient,

:14:22.:14:24.

and is being funded by a small British charity set up by a chef,

:14:25.:14:32.

David Nichols, whose son was paralysed in a swimming accident.

:14:33.:14:35.

If the trial is successful, it might mean patients

:14:36.:14:37.

For Darek, the return of muscle control and sensation has brought

:14:38.:14:44.

other improvements, like bladder control and sexual function,

:14:45.:14:49.

which he says are just as crucial to his growing sense of independence.

:14:50.:14:55.

This is the most expensive station in the world -

:14:56.:15:02.

it cost 4 billion dollars and it's years behind schedule.

:15:03.:15:05.

But it's finally opened to the public in New York.

:15:06.:15:07.

It's been built close to where the twin towers stood.

:15:08.:15:10.

More than 200,000 commuters are expected to use it

:15:11.:15:12.

The architect who designed the huge steel and glass hall -

:15:13.:15:17.

has called it a "gift of love" to the city.

:15:18.:15:20.

A bird in flight, a Phoenix rising from the ashes,

:15:21.:15:29.

New York's latest landmark is a station that doubles

:15:30.:15:31.

as a symbol, of renewal, of hope, of life.

:15:32.:15:37.

Almost 15 years on from the attacks of 9/11, this new transportation hub

:15:38.:15:40.

at Ground Zero has finally opened its doors.

:15:41.:15:42.

For survivors it's a highly charged moment.

:15:43.:15:48.

Charles DeAndrea lost 176 colleagues that day and has watched this

:15:49.:15:53.

Really kind of proud of New York City, being able

:15:54.:16:00.

It's just absolutely remarkable, the way we have come back from this.

:16:01.:16:07.

And then, to see this today, it's quite amazing.

:16:08.:16:09.

It's staggeringly beautiful, but staggeringly costly.

:16:10.:16:13.

The project has been plagued by cost blowouts and delays.

:16:14.:16:16.

Originally, the plan was to have a transportation hub

:16:17.:16:19.

And the price tag of $4 billion is double the estimate.

:16:20.:16:26.

It's made this the most expensive station in the world.

:16:27.:16:31.

The design, his inspiration was a bird in flight.

:16:32.:16:34.

So the tourist trail has a new addition, but the symbolism

:16:35.:16:38.

It's been likened to a turkey carcass the day after

:16:39.:16:43.

Like a bird, right? Seagull?

:16:44.:16:46.

I don't know, I don't really see a bird.

:16:47.:16:52.

It just looks like a series of Nike ticks being repeated.

:16:53.:16:57.

I know it's supposed to look like, represent a bird, but,

:16:58.:17:00.

But to others it's become instantly iconic, and perfectly complements

:17:01.:17:04.

I think it's a fantastic way for the city and visitors to always

:17:05.:17:10.

look up and be inspired instead of feeling drugged down

:17:11.:17:15.

In lower Manhattan, the skyline has been repaired,

:17:16.:17:26.

the subway system has a cathedral-like new home.

:17:27.:17:28.

But it's still hard to see a plane in the skies without remembering

:17:29.:17:31.

the monuments that stood here before.

:17:32.:17:33.

The United States has urged North Korea to "refrain

:17:34.:17:40.

from provocative actions that aggravate tensions."

:17:41.:17:42.

A Pentagon spokesperson made the statement after the North Korean

:17:43.:17:45.

leader Kim Jong-Un told his military leaders to be ready to fire nuclear

:17:46.:17:48.

Scientists in the UK say they've discovered a potential weakness

:17:49.:17:54.

inherent in all cancer cells that could pave the way

:17:55.:18:00.

Researchers found the earliest mutations of cancer are on display

:18:01.:18:05.

They said the discovery should allow them to use the body's specialised

:18:06.:18:09.

immune cells to recognise and attack a cancer wherever it shows up,

:18:10.:18:12.

A passenger ferry has sunk in waters between Bali and Java,

:18:13.:18:20.

with official statements on the number of people rescued

:18:21.:18:25.

It's believed four people are still unaccounted for.

:18:26.:18:30.

The boat was travelling from Gilimanuk port in Bali to Java.

:18:31.:18:39.

Two men have been jailed in Turkey in connection with the death

:18:40.:18:41.

of a three-year-old Syrian boy who drowned while trying to reach

:18:42.:18:44.

A photograph of his body on a Turkish beach last September

:18:45.:18:51.

came to symbolise the plight of refugees making

:18:52.:18:53.

But despite the huge risks - people are not being deterred.

:18:54.:19:04.

Mark Lowen's report contains flash photography:

:19:05.:19:10.

Convicted for the trade in people's lives.

:19:11.:19:12.

Two Syrians, jailed today for over four years,

:19:13.:19:16.

for smuggling Aylan Kurdi and his family.

:19:17.:19:18.

But they were cleared of deliberately causing their deaths.

:19:19.:19:23.

It was the most potent image of the refugee crisis.

:19:24.:19:26.

Little Aylan washing-up near Bodrum last autumn sparking sympathy

:19:27.:19:29.

It also put pressure on Turkey to tackle the smugglers.

:19:30.:19:35.

The migration crisis again topped the agenda

:19:36.:19:38.

Chancellor Merkel visiting President Hollande in Paris.

:19:39.:19:43.

TRANSLATION: We, Germany and France, entirely agreed that we must

:19:44.:19:48.

protect our external borders to defend freedom of movement

:19:49.:19:51.

within Europe but also for security reasons,

:19:52.:19:52.

because we have to know who arrives in Europe.

:19:53.:19:57.

And they are still arriving, at a huge rate.

:19:58.:19:59.

More gathered in Izmir, putting their faith in life jackets,

:20:00.:20:04.

The crowds of refugees and migrants who used to be camped out in places

:20:05.:20:09.

like this in central Izmir have mostly been chased away by police.

:20:10.:20:12.

But it doesn't mean the numbers have dwindled.

:20:13.:20:14.

You still see them here, for example, at food hand-outs.

:20:15.:20:17.

Turkey has been told by the EU to reduce the flows of those

:20:18.:20:22.

arriving on the Greek island every day from 2,000 to 1,000.

:20:23.:20:25.

When, for those fleeing war, the hope of Europe burns so bright.

:20:26.:20:29.

One way, says the head of the European Council,

:20:30.:20:31.

visiting Istanbul today, is for Turkey to take

:20:32.:20:34.

There is hope it can be agreed upon at a summit next week.

:20:35.:20:40.

But the longer journey to Europe the bottlenecks are growing.

:20:41.:20:43.

Macedonia has shut its border with Greece and 11,000 people

:20:44.:20:48.

As Europe scrambles for unity, individual states close their doors,

:20:49.:20:51.

but that still won't kill the dreams of the desperate.

:20:52.:20:58.

Now here's something to share with your friends: Facebook's tax

:20:59.:21:00.

bill in the UK is going to rise from just under seven thousand

:21:01.:21:03.

dollars two years ago, to millions next year.

:21:04.:21:07.

The corporation says it will pay the extra tax after a major overhaul

:21:08.:21:11.

It is going to stop routing the proceeds of sales

:21:12.:21:20.

for its largest advertisers through Ireland.

:21:21.:21:21.

Facebook faced heavy criticism that it was avoiding tax.

:21:22.:21:24.

Google, which faced similar accusations, has agreed to pay

:21:25.:21:26.

nearly two hundred million dollars in back taxes to Britain.

:21:27.:21:39.

Companies like Facebook, like Google, like Amazon,

:21:40.:21:42.

are adept at organising themselves in such a way that they don't bring

:21:43.:21:45.

themselves into the territorial tax net of high

:21:46.:21:49.

tax countries like the United Kingdom.

:21:50.:21:52.

They prefer to establish themselves elsewhere,

:21:53.:21:56.

Quite likely now that a large number of these

:21:57.:22:04.

companies will see that the UK liability is going down,

:22:05.:22:09.

that the world climate has changed enormously.

:22:10.:22:11.

G20 countries and the OEDC have got something which they

:22:12.:22:13.

caught the base erosion of profit shifting projects.

:22:14.:22:15.

Companies are going to have to start paying tax where their profits

:22:16.:22:19.

It's not every day we get to introduce you to a king.

:22:20.:22:27.

But today, it's time to meet the King of Kizomba.

:22:28.:22:30.

It's not a country - it's a style of music.

:22:31.:22:32.

And the man who wears the crown is the award-winning Angola singer

:22:33.:22:35.

He began his career by winning a street music contest

:22:36.:22:43.

in his home city of Luanda, but he's since gone global.

:22:44.:22:45.

I am a singer, one of the best in Angola.

:22:46.:23:09.

I started as a singer very young because my father is a singer also

:23:10.:23:21.

In Belgium, I really started as a professional singer.

:23:22.:23:30.

Now I am in Angola because I think it is the best place for me to make

:23:31.:23:42.

Talking about my music, I like to call...

:23:43.:23:51.

It's not like music, it is at a very new kind of music,

:23:52.:24:06.

It's for people who know this kind of music.

:24:07.:24:10.

It is very lovely, very romantic songs.

:24:11.:24:15.

And we can dance, a man with a woman, it looks a little bit

:24:16.:24:18.

I do this kind of music because this is my country's music.

:24:19.:24:34.

So that is why I make it first of all, and secondly,

:24:35.:24:37.

And now everybody loves this new fresh style.

:24:38.:24:40.

But everybody is tired of listening every time the same styles,

:24:41.:24:46.

Think about love, love is the most important thing in the world.

:24:47.:24:56.

A medieval ring said to have belonged to Joan of Arc,

:24:57.:25:24.

the French heroine who fought the English during the 15th Century,

:25:25.:25:27.

has returned to France after nearly six hundred years in England.

:25:28.:25:35.

The ring was bought by a foundation which runs a historical theme park

:25:36.:25:38.

in western France, for four-hundred-and-twenty-five

:25:39.:25:39.

It's believed that Joan gave it to an English Cardinal before

:25:40.:25:47.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:48.:25:58.

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