05/03/2016 World News Today


05/03/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

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The headlines: Tear gas and rubber bullets are fired at protestors

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in Turkey after the government takes over the country's largest

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The EU's top migration official warns that Greece could be

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"overwhelmed" by thousands arriving there every day.

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The referee's eye in the sky, how football is turning

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to technology to help officials make delicate decisions.

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And what is this ghostly creature filmed for the first time,

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Police in Turkey have used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse

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It happened after the country's largest newspaper was raided

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Several hundred demonstrators gathered outside the offices

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of the paper Zaman, which has been critical of President Erdogan.

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The Turkish Prime Minister insisted it was a legal decision and not a

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political one, denying any government involvement in the move.

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This is what happens in Turkey if you want a newspaper

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The full force of the state sent in to crush protests.

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They had tried to stop administrators from taking over

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Zaman, Turkey's biggest newspaper, but in vain.

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Rubber bullet were fired, tear gas overwhelming the area.

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Earlier, supporters cheered Zaman editors defiantly

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But shortly after, a government team arrived, fired the senior editors,

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cut the internet signal and deleted the archive.

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TRANSLATION: There is no justice in Turkey at the moment.

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We see this with the intervention on the media, but this

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When you look at history, many were killed but tyrants never

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got away with the cruelties they inflicted on people.

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Zaman was targeted because of links to Fethullah Gulen, an ally turned

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In 2013, the cleric was accused of leaking recorded phone calls

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appearing to implicate Mr Erdogan and his inner circle in corruption.

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The government called it a coup, labelling so-called Gulenists part

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Other media deemed critical have also been hit, a pro-Kurdish channel

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Turkey ranks close to the bottom of press freedom indexes.

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For the last three or four years, anyone who is speaking

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against the government policies, is facing either court cases

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or prison or such control by the government and I think this

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is a dark period for our country, for our democracy.

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The EU has responded tentatively, raising serious concerns over

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But it's accused by many of being soft on Turkey as it needs Ankara

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And so freedom of expression is further eroded in a country once

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held up as a democratic model for the Middle East.

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The last front page of Zaman simply read, "Constitution suspended".

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The EU commissioner for migration has warned that Greece could be

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He said it was time for the European Union,

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Up to 3,000 people are arriving in the country every day.

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Our Reporter Gavin Lee is on the Greek border

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with Macedonia and sent this report.

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Small comforts in a land they are desperate to leave.

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Idomeni migrant camp, where more rhan 12,000 refugess

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mainly from Syria and Iraq are now living in farmers' fields

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There are estimated to be more than 5,000 children at this camp.

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Life is tough, sickness is a big issue here,

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and aid agencies say we're starting to see the second wave of more

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women, more children, making the journey that their husbands

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I come to here with my mother and my three sisters.

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And my father go to Germany since seven months.

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Many of the refugees have been waiting for more than a week

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There's no sign that their opportunity will come soon.

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Tight border controls across the Balkans means only a tiny

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EU and Turkish leaders will meet once again on Monday,

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desperate to find a way to stop the smugglers' boats and to bring

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about an organised exodus of those fleeing war.

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Around the end of the year, Schengen will function as it had

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because nobody wants to abolish Schengen.

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They have repeatedly said that it is only for a short period

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The UN is warning that a lack of resolution will lead

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with more boats predicted as winter turns to spring.

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Now to the latest stage in the race for the White House.

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For the Republicans, Donald Trump is looking

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to extend his lead over his rivals Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio,

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with voting taking place in Louisiana, Kansas,

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For the Democrats, Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders are vying

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for the votes in Louisiana, Kansas and Nebraska.

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Let's go to Washington - and join our correspondent Jane

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There's been plenty of high drama this week for the Republicans.

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What can we expect from this latest round of voting?

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They are already counting the Republican votes in Kansas and it

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looks like at the moment the way to steady a way that Kate Cruise has

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the lead there. There aren't that many killer gets up for grabs

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anyway. -- Ted Cruz. But they are still significant, because the

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campaign to stop Donald Trump aims to fracture the vote. They want to

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stop him getting the number of votes to win outright before the

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convention in July. Because these delegates are proportionately

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allocated, it is very likely that all the candidates will walk away

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with some of them and that. Donald Trump taking the non-stop and read

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that he needs in order to reach the magic number of 1237 delegates.

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A campaign to "Dump Trump" as it's being called is gaining momentum,

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with people discussing all sorts of ways they might be able to get

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It may be gaining momentum, but we have yet to see it have any effect.

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The attack by the Republican nominee in 2012 came from the establishment,

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so to research and extension was preaching to the choir, not to

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Donald Trump voters and supporters who basically say, of course the

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Republican establishment is attacking him, they don't like him,

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but we do. Why should be listened to them? That is something Donald Trump

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has been capitalising on holiday, asking what do you expect from the

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establishment? He is now in Florida, which is an important race. They go

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to this -- equal to the polls a week on Tuesday. His when all state. If

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you went that he will have a commanding lead and if Mark all

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reveal, whose home state if there is, always is, that could see him

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out of the race. A very significant statement, which is white Trump is

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there today. One of Sudan's leading

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politicians, Hassan al Turabi, He was the architect

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of Sudan's Islamist policies and for years considered the real

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power behind President Omar But after falling out

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with the President, he formed an opposition party

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and became one of his fiercest The government in the Philippines

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says it's impounding a North Korean It's been done under new UN

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sanctions imposed on Pyongyang over a nuclear weapons test

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and rocket launch. Officials says they're waiting

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for a UN team to inspect the ship. Police in Los Angeles are carrying

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out tests on a knife said to have been found at the former

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home of OJ Simpson. They're trying to establish

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if the knife, has any connection to the murders of his ex-wife

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Nicole, and her friend Ron Goldman, To Brazil, where President Dilma

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Rousseff has visited her political He was detained by prosecutors

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investigating a huge Lula was released after being

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questioned and has vowed to fight any allegations linking

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him to the scandal. Hundreds of supporters have gathered

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outside his house near Sao Paolo. Our reporter Julia

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Carneiro is there. Supporters of Brazil's Workers'

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Party are gathered since early in the morning here outside

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the building where former president Lula lives in the city

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of Sao Bernardo do Campo, They're here to show their support

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to the former president Lula was just here

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earlier in the afternoon. He greeted everyone and now

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President Dilma Rousseff has arrived to meet him and discuss

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the situation her government face She herself is facing impeachment

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proceedings and now this new blow for the Workers' Party,

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Lula being investigated for allegations that he benefited

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from money diverted from the company, the oil

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company Petrobras. Here we see supporters but elsewhere

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there are many people who celebrated the detention yesterday and that

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believe the Workers' Party is involved in corruption

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and support the impeachment So this is a moment when Brazil

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is very split and this increases polarisation,

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with new demonstrations planned next week, defending the impeachment

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of President Dilma Rousseff. A short time ago, I spoke to afford

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a news editor in the offices of how man. She was in the offices when the

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reader card. The women and kids had difficulty believing. Some of them

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were unable to run away and some of them fainted. The police, wearing

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masks and heavily armoured force their way into the building. They

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manhandled many others, journalists, we did nothing wrong. We never used

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any violence against them. We were just there. We were working there.

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Obviously we are not pleased with what is happening in front of our

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eyes. Has anyone from the newspaper been arrested and are you worried

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that you may be arrested? I am worried that I made to be arrested

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personally because I am an editor at the newspaper, and a columnist, so I

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am one of the leaders of the journalists who are running the used

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paper. The newspaper is accused of conspiring with a terrorist

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organisation, not one but two terrorist organisations. All of a

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sudden we have become terrorists ourselves so I think it is anyway

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clay that some of us will eventually be detained and possibly arrested.

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In the meantime, what happens now? Where do you go from here? We now

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have an experience of what happens after that sort of action on the

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part of the government. A couple of newspapers and TV channels were

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taken over in October last year, a few months after the elections. They

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all became it strictly pro-government all of a sudden, just

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the next day. When you turn a critical media outlet into a

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strictly pro-government one and when you put such a product into the

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market, there is no demand for it. All those newspapers went bankrupt.

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They have become, all of a sudden, nor no viable, commercially, so they

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had to be closed in. Would you like to see more criticism from the

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international community? Particularly Jews to the refugee

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crisis -- particularly down to the refugee crisis, the international

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community has turned a blind eye to what is happening in Turkey and

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their is an immense source of frustration in the pool. That --

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among the pro-democracy faction in this country.

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Turkish police have use tear gas and water cannon for a second day

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to disperse protests against the takeover

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The group that sets the rules for World football has approved

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a trial involving the use of video replay, to help officials in some

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of the most delicate decisions they face during a match.

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It will apply to key incidents concerning goals,

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red cards, mistaken identities and penalties.

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Football has been reluctant to take on this technology. It is about to

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change but it will be done with caution. The lawmakers want to

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proceed with the protocol is looking at how they can get it right before

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proceeding to live trials by at the very latest the start of the 2017

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season. They're looking at game changing positions, of course, cases

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of mistaken identity and credit card decisions. Revenues will get

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assistance from assistant referees looking at it replays or they will

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be able to see the incident for themselves before making a ruling.

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Caution is the key word here. Of officials want to get it right. It

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is a historic moment for the sport. They see it proves footballers

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listening to the concerns of pop -- clubs and players.

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It was a tough match and we wanted to win. We treated for five chances,

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when we scored and they created to city. It was an open match. Both

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teams wanted to win. We are so happy now. It was the early kick-off,

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Arsenal lead at half-time with a pillion to strike giving Spurs eight

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to one lead. Arsenal were down to two men that Mac ten men at the

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point when he scored. -- ten men. It was their fourth successive defeat.

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We feel disappointed in the last ten or 15 minutes but we need to

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recognise also that the effort from our players were fantastic and we

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will play much better and create more chances. It was vital for us

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today. With all the negative vibes, it was important to show character,

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spirit and attitude. I couldn't see how we could draw points today.

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West Ham were to note down with 12 months to go but you can see there

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are that the one. -- they won the game. Newcastle are in real danger

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of relegation. They lost at home to Bournemouth. Sunderland conceded a

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late equaliser with Southampton. They are a point clear of the bottom

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three places. This is what it looks like at the top.

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The bottom side to cut adrift at this point. Newcastle lost

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spectacularly. What is the future for their manager? I truly believe

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in what we're doing and our staff. We still have ten games to go. We

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are lucky it is not three, otherwise that would not be good. I will be

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brutally honest, if we keep playing like that, this club will go down.

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To Tennis now, and Novak Djokovic suffered his first Davis Cup

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defeat in five years on Saturday as Serbia slipped 2-1 down

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Great Britain are two-one up in their Davis Cup tie.

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The Murray brothers - Andy and Jamie - won their doubles

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on Sunday to try to keep the tie alive for the 2010 champions.

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Italy were the first team to book their place in the next

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gave the Czech Republic a 2-1 lead over Germany by beating

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Philipp Petzschner and Philipp Kohlschreiber Bob and Mike Bryan

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gave the United States a crucial 2-1 edge with a thrilling five-set win

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American scientists say they have discovered what could be

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The creature is so light in colour it resembles a ghost.

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It was found using a remote deep sea vehicle to explore

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the Hawaiian Archipelago, a team from the US National Oceanic

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and Atmospheric Administration discovered a tiny octopus sitting

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alone on a rock more than 4000 meters below the surface.

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We are now joined by Michael Vecchione from Virginia,

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Is this an octopus? It is related. Hello? Hello. We can hear you. Is

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this an odd this? -- is this an octopus? I call it an optical port.

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-- -- octopod. There are many varieties. I use the term octopus to

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refer to the ones that are related to the common octopus. How exciting

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is this discovery? It is always exciting. I got thrilled when I saw

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it on the screen. The robot used to find it. How technical was it? These

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deep sea robot submarines are becoming very widely used for

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exporting the sea and this is one that has been used by my agency, the

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National oceanic and atmospheric organisation, for exploration. It is

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capable diving very deep, then to over 5000 metres. This particular

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dive was a really deep dive for it. It was over 4000 metres. I

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understand you have called that Casper, is that right? Actually,

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that started on Facebook. We posted some pictures and one of the people

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on the social media said initial call you Caspar. And I thought it

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sounded like a good name. Is this a highlight of your career? I would

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say it is one of the highlights. Keeps the -- cutesy equitation --

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deep sea expedition as the highlight of my career. Finding new and

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unexpected animals is always a great thing to do. Thank you for joining

:25:29.:25:29.

us. The media mogul Rupert Murdoch

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and his new wife, Jerry Hall, have had their marriage

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blessed in central London. The couple wed in a civil

:25:38.:25:39.

ceremony yesterday. Celebrities joined the couple's 10

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children from previous After the wedding, he said he felt

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like the luckiest man in the world.

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