06/03/2016 World News Today


06/03/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

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Thank you for your love, and thank you for just being you.

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The former First Lady of the United States Nancy Reagan

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A suicide attack in Iraq kills at least 47 people.

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Islamic State group claim responsiblity.

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At least 25 people have died after a boat carrying migrants

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capsized while crossing from Turkey to Greece.

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A billionaire Iranian businessman who helped Tehran get around

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sanctions has been sentenced to death.

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The wife of the former US President Ronald Reagan has died.

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Nancy Reagan was 94 and passed away from congestive heart failure.

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She met her husband when they were both Hollywood actors.

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And they shared more than five decades of marriage before

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Nancy's support was a strong influence throughout her husbands

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-- Nancy's support was a strong influence throughout her husband's

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political career from Governor of California until he

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Nancy Reagan died at her home in Los Angeles,

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She had been my First Lady since long before the White House.

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It was a marriage made for the silver screen,

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the partnership portrayed here in a political campaign

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The romance began in Hollywood, they met as minor actors

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But by the time her husband became President, he had served eight years

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Nancy Reagan was ready for her starring role.

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The adoring gaze a symbol of her loyalty and devotion.

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Nancy Reagan's time as First Lady was controversial,

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as she redecorated the White House and splurged on gowns and banquets.

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She was accused of interfering in staff matters and was ridiculed

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for consulting an astrologer, apparently to decide

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But she was driven by something much more down to earth.

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A determination to protect our husband.

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It could make her look overbearing, like this prompt when he lost his

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(Doing everything we can.) Doing everything we can.

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But when it turned out that Ronald Reagan's memory was was due

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-- But when it turned out that Ronald Reagan's memory was due

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to illness, sinking slowly into the darkness of Altzheimer's,

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the nation began to understand and sympathise.

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Each day brings another reminder of this very long goodbye.

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At President Reagan's state funeral in 2004,

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it felt like the world was intruding on a poignant, private farewell.

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Nancy Reagan will be buried next to her husband,

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here at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in California.

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A short time ago, her step-son released this message.

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"Nancy," he said, "is once again with the man she loved."

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A short time ago I spoke to Robert McFarlane.

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He worked with Ronald Reagan and knew Nancy well.

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She was a woman of grace and, but with absolute devotion to her

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husband and our country's principles. A great help to him and

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in political settings, foreign or domestic, a real charmer, a

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beautiful woman, with phenomenal rise -- pays and at the end of the

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day, it was asking what she could do, to be more supportive. She was a

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profound influence on President Reagan, his eight years and

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supporting him under any and all circumstances, but a significant

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source of strength. I visited Tower four months ago and

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her spirit was fighting after ten years of wandering, morning has loss

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-- on the ring has loss. She was ready to join them. -- she was ready

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to join hemmer. President Obama has been leading

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tributes to the former First Lady. In a statement, he acknowledged her

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charitable work on Alzheimer's disease, from which her husband

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suffered, and says "she had Former US President,

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George Bush says his wife and he "are saddened by the loss

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and that her influence on the White House was

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complete and lasting." Former US President Jimmy Carter,

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from whom Ronald Reagan took over in the White House, says "America

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and the Reagan family have lost Other US political figures have been

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giving their reaction on twitter. Republican Presidential candidate,

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Donald Trump, called her "an amazing woman and the wife of

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a truly great President." His rival, Ted Cruz,

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says "she will be remembered for her deep passion for the nation

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and love for her husband, Former Republican Presidential

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candidate, Mitt Romney, says that with her passing,

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"we say a final goodbye This couple reminded us

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of the greatness and the endurance A look back at the life

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of Nancy Reagan who has died In Iraq, a suicide bombing

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at a crowded checkpoint has killed The "Islamic State" group has

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claimed responsibility. It happened near the city of Hilla

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which is about 100 kilometres south Iraqi security officials say a fuel

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tanker blew up at a checkpoint Our correspondent Jonathan

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Beale is in Baghdad. From what we can see, it looks like

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a suicide truck bomb, and some reports say it was a fuel tanker,

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set off at about lunchtime locally and as you can see, it caused huge

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devastation. It would have been a time of day when cars were

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bumper-to-bumper at checkpoints. It completely destroyed that

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checkpoint, killing a number of Iraqi security forces they are doing

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the checks but also civilians, including, as we understand, a baby.

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This is a tactic being used by Islamic State, who have claimed

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responsibility for this attack. This is not an area where they hold

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ground. What we think they -- what we think is calling on is that as

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Islamic State feels the pressure from Iraqi security forces and the

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coalition here strikes, they will go for a softer targets and

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particularly the will call for areas trying to deliberately kill

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civilians. That seems to have been what happened here. It brings

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attention to their cause and it is a witty for Islamic -- Iraqi security

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forces here who believe they are making progress coming gaining

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cloned, but it is very difficult to combat this kind of attack.

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At least 25 people have died after a boat carrying migrants

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capsized while crossing from Turkey to Greece.

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Hundreds more have been rescued from other vessels trying to make

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The latest deaths come as EU leaders prepare for major summit in Brussels

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focusing on how to deal with the crisis.

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From the Greek island of Lesbos our correspondent

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Midway between Turkey and the Greek islands,

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the coast guard is picking people up from small boats.

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338 migrants, from many different nations.

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We didn't eat no food for two days, two nights.

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The fate of these people is once again going to be discussed

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One suggestion is to only let Syrians proceed from here.

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That could mean that in the near future these people

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will basically be sorted, Syrians will be allowed some sort

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of refuge, but everybody else will be set back across the water

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to Turkey on a journey they have just risked their lives on.

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The migrants at this hilltop camp nearby are non-Syrian.

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Desperate people, making desperate threats.

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If they try to make you go back to Turkey, what do you think

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I will not go back, I will jump in the sea or hang

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If they forced me to go back in Turkey or Pakistan,

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I'm not going back because it is a matter of my life.

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Back on the beach this afternoon, we found another raft arriving.

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Doctors and other aid workers were quickly on the scene to get

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Further south, a similar boat sank just off the Turkish coast.

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There were a few survivors, but the death toll in the sea has

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This sea is extremely dangerous, it has been perilous,

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not just this year where over 400 people have lost their lives,

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but in the last alone, in the Mediterranean, year,

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It's an extremely taxing and shocking experience.

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For many of them it is the first time they are in the sea.

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For now, these people are ashore and safe in Europe.

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The overtures from Brussels are all about somehow sending

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many of them back to Turkey and closing down these routes.

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Danny Savage, BBC News, Lesbos.

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An Iranian court has convicted a businessman of corruption

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Babak Zanjani was accused of embezzling nearly

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His death sentence follows a crackdown on corruption ordered

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A lawyer for Mr Zanjani says an appeal will be lodged

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Amir Azimi from BBC Persian's been telling me more

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Many people follow the news and the trial over the past few months.

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Also, many expected a very harsh sentence because it has been the

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case in the past we have had a few similar cases over the past few

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decades that people have been tried and sentenced to death and some of

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them have been hanged for the same accusations. Is this a fight against

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corruption or an opportunity to settle political scores, do you

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think? The government says this is a fate against corruption. This man

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was arrested a day or two after the president announced the will be

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tough on corruption and they will tackle the corruption that is a

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major issue in UserLand. But every time the government goes out and a

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new one comes in, they accuse the previous government of all sorts of

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corruption and a few people who are not particularly connected to the

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Iranian press -- politicians but have had relations with them are

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tried and some of them are faced with a long prison sentence or even

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death. Some people say it is political. Then if you see it as

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tackling corruption. -- very few. Stay with us on BBC

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World News, still to come: We'll have all the latest

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from Sunday's English Premier League action as the race for

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Champions League places tightens. The Conservative Mayor

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of London Boris Johnson -- who's campaigning to leave the EU --

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says reform on the key issue of sovereignty is not achievable

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if Britain stays in. He told the BBC the government had

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been unable to deliver fundamental change and he said he'd been happy

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with a reform deal that would have returned powers of sovereignty

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from Brussels to the UK. But he revealed government lawyers

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considered that unworkable and said measures to bolster British courts

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and the House of Commons were not Finally we had some language that

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had bite, seemed to work. Went back to the

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government lawyers. A suicide attack in Iraq

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kills at least 47 people. The Islamic State group

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claim responsibility. Wins for Liverpool and West Brom

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in Sunday's English Premier League. Albion beat a 10 man

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Manchester United at home in the league for the first

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time in 32 years. The result is a blow to United's

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hopes of a top four finish. They're sixth 3-points

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of City in fourth. There is always discussion

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afterwards. When you know the player, she never hurts a player.

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It's always when you play ten against 11, it is more difficult and

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we have to run a lot and we have to play the five -- four matches ending

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90s and now the first. Next up for United are

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bitter rivals Liverpool Liverpool will be on a high

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after coming back from a goal down and a man down to beat

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Crystal Palace 2-1 at Selhurst Park. Christian Benteke got

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a controversial winner in injury Food policy a lot of things and

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sometimes it's all about passion and I saw that today. -- football is a

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lot of things. They defended with all the had and that is good to see.

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Peyton Manning - the Denver Broncos quarterback -

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one of the biggest names in US sport - will announce his retirement

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from the National Football League tomorrow.

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Manning is one of the most prolific passers in NFL history.

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During an 18-year career he won two Super Bowl titles and five most

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Manning, turns 40 later this month he and goes out on top

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after winning his second Super Bowl with a victory over

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Great Britain have beaten Japan to reach the quarter-finals

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of the Davis Cup where they'll face Serbia and the world number one

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Andy Murray's singles match went to five sets

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He eventually came out on top to seal a 3-1 win for Great Britain,

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sparing Dan Evans from playing a deciding rubber.

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Novak Djokovis beat Mikhail Kukushkin in five sets

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to help Serbia on their way to an eventual win over Kazahkstan.

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The world number one was recovering from an eye infection AND struggling

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In Sunday's decisive rubber, Serbia's No 2 Viktor Troicki beat

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USA have beaten Australia 3-1 in their Davis Cup qualifier,

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after John Isner defeated Bernard Tomic.

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But there are some bad vibes in the Aussie camp right now

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with Tomic, overheard during a changeover questioning

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Nick Kyrgios's excuse of being sick, and missing the tie.

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Tomic was heard saying "that's twice he's done it" and "If he plays"

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in the Indian Wells tournament this week, "then he's definitely lost

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Australia squared their twenty twenty series with South Africa

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by winning the second match off the very last ball.

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South Africa set the Aussies 204 for victory

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and they got most of the runs thanks to a T20 Aussie record partnership

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of 161, between David Warner and Glenn Maxwell.

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Mitchell Marsh and James Faulkner needed 11 off the final five balls

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Family and friends of those on board the missing Malaysian Arirlines

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flight MH370 have held a remembrance service to mark the second

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They've urged the authorities not to give up the search

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for the aircraft which vanished whilst travelling from

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Another piece of debris that may have come from the plane was found

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From Kuala Lumpur our South Asia correspondent Jonathan Head reports.

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They didn't want this to be a sombre occasion.

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Rather a celebration of the memories of those they have lost.

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But there was a serious message but hides this event,

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a plea to the authorities in Malaysia and

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elsewhere not to stop looking for the missing plane.

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The disappearance of MH370 is an astonishing mystery

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with troubling implications for the aviation industry.

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More than that it is a tragedy for the

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families of those on board who have been unable to grieve,

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And their great fear as the months passed by their plight will be

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The search continues over a huge stretch of the southern

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Indian Ocean where it is believed the missing airliner came down.

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But that is due to end in three months' time.

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So far the only trace of MH370 has-been this piece of a wing found

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And possibly this fragment found off the coast of Mozambique.

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It is flimsy evidence, suggesting the plane did crash

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in the sea, but telling the families nothing about how and why it went

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For the first year and a half I would always

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expect to see my mother in the house, sitting

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I still have those thoughts, those feelings, I still miss her.

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But at the same time I have not come to an acceptance that I will never

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They finished by releasing balloons carrying the names of each

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Lifting into the sky their hope that one day they will find

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Let's return to our top story now, Nancy Regan, the wife of former US

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The former First Lady was an ambassador for

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the Ronald Reagan Foundation and Library.

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Joining me from the foundation is John Heubusch.

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Despite her age, I understand she continued to campaign right up

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Absolutely. You're right. At 94, she was a little frail. In the past

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year, we haven't seen her as many public events but mentally she was a

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joy because she was at 110%. I talk to ten days go on the phone and was

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always a delight to talk to our. She was with her in that sense -- she

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was with ours in that sense, right up until the end.

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in work with Stem cell research, a decsion she didn't take lightly

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and put her at odds with some in the Republican party.

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Yes, it did. But she still in the face of some terrible diseases and

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one that had a great effect on her husband, but also she took up many

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causes, including press Qatar and other cancer researchers, so she

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felt that if there was any clues were keys that could be fun to

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listen the suffering of people with his dreaded diseases that we should

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find ways to help them. Her views weren't always

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on the side of public opinion. I'd have to say that she wasn't a

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public policy maker in the United States. She did not advise President

:23:34.:23:38.

Reagan on foreign policy or tax policy or things like that. Why

:23:39.:23:43.

should we was was a solid power -- power of a spot -- power of support

:23:44.:23:54.

for President Regan. I think she took the brunt of any criticism

:23:55.:23:58.

involving public decision and he just stood by his side.

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She'll be buried, next to her husband at the Foundation.

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That is quite a question. But a little personal, but I have a bed of

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that dreaded disease on my own I have been dating for three years and

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my last phone call with horror was hardest trying to make me feel good

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and bought me up about it and it was her typical pressing the foreword to

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hang in there and she just displayed all sorts of warmth and grace, as

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she always does and it was a privilege to be able to talk to are

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as recently as I did. Will you be attending her funeral? Yes. I'm

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involved in the planning of the event. There will be thousands of

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people that would like to be there but they can't because they couldn't

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all not fit them. The funeral will be by event -- invitation only.

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Everyone that was to pay their respects will be able to do so in

:25:16.:25:19.

the next few days. We will be making announcements as to when they can

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come to the library and pay their respects.

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What would be the few last word you had for her?" Britain you had your

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eye lady, Margaret Thatcher, Nancy Reagan was never referred to as an

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iron Lady. I would have to say to President Reagan, that really must

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have been what she was to him in so many ways because there was no

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greater protector, supporter or defender of the President Reagan.

:25:59.:26:04.

I'm so sorry to interrupt but thank you for being with us on BBC world

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News.

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