07/03/2016 World News Today


07/03/2016

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I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News.

:00:00.:00:08.

Europe tries to persuade Turkey to take back some migrants,

:00:09.:00:11.

while Turkey presents the EU with a new proposal on how to stem

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Will prevent illegal migration and we will encourage legal migration

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through resettlement of the European Union.

:00:31.:00:31.

These people have made it as far as Greece -

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but could a new plan mean they will soon be returning

:00:35.:00:36.

Tunisian security forces have killed 28 militants after they launched

:00:37.:00:41.

We hear what it takes to be Australia's

:00:42.:00:49.

Turkey has asked for an extra 3 billion euros from the European

:00:50.:01:16.

Union to tackle the migrant crisis. Cathy Auster and 2 million migrants,

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and many want to leave for Europe, creating the worst monetary crisis

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since World War II. Our Europe editor Katya Adler has

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the latest from Brussels. Today is about stopping this, and

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this, and this. Or at least trying to, add yet another emergency summit

:01:42.:01:46.

here in Brussels. The aim of the meeting neatly summed up this

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morning by the arriving Belgian Prime Minister. TRANSLATION: We must

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stop irregular migration, pure and simple. The's migrant crisis is

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destroying the EU's reputation, ripping apart member countries

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politically and geographically as borders are slammed shut. With the

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EU overwhelmed, Nato is now wading into help, with a new mission aimed

:02:14.:02:18.

at stopping people smugglers. The British Royal Navy is taking part.

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It is important that we help continent of Europe to secure its

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external border, but in our interests, and that's why we are

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sending British ships to do just that. But this does underline the

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special status we have in this organisation, because of course we

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are not in the no Borders zone, we keep a run strong borders, so

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migrants come to Europe are not able to come to the UK. If any one

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country holds the key to alleviating this crisis, it is tacky. Not an EU

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nation, although it wants to be, the Turkish Prime Minister is argued

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with the most watched leader at the summit. The EU wants Turkey to stop

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people smugglers on speeches and take back all migrants the EU judges

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to be not in need of its protection. But the EU warns that might break

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international humanitarian law, so even if the Turkey agrees, how high

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will the price be? The Turkish by Mr Kim did today's meeting sounding

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amenable. Challenges will be solved through cooperation, and Turkey is

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ready to work with the EU. Even when agreements are made on migration at

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the summit, the track record of keeping to them is not great. In

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May, EU countries agreed to spread out the number of arriving so silent

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sea is more evenly. 160,000 people were supposed to be relocated, but

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only 900 have actually been moved. In June, the EU told Greece to set

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up registration centres to properly identified migrants. But Greece has

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only now started that process properly. In the meantime, tens of

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thousands of undocumented migrants walked out of Greece and into the

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rest of Europe. Agreed in November, the EU hoped the Turkish government

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to stop boatloads of migrants leaving Turkey in the first place,

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but there has been little evidence of that so far. The EU is trying

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hard to woo Turkey, including offers of more money. If it fails, Greece

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believes it has the most to lose. Fields and city squares like this in

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Athens are now filling with migrants. Greece is appealing to

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anyone who will listen at the summit not to abandon it, letting it become

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the refugee camp for the continent. Well, as EU leaders are mulling over

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Turkey's new proposals, the Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu

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went for a meeting with Speaking a short while ago,

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he says Turkey's proposals to the EU are aimed at rescuing refugees

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and discouraging human traffickers. We will try to discourage those who

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want to come to cross Turkish borders. And we will be having a

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very effective coordination with all of the concerned parties to rescue

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these refugees before they cross Turkish border and also to

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coordinate with Greek authorities when they reach so that we will

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prevent illegal migration and we will encourage legal migration

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through resettlement of the European Union.

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Our Europe correspondent Damian Grammaticas is in Brussels.

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What is the word on how long talks by:? We know the Turks have

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presented their ideas, these plans were announced earlier in the day,

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leaders met to discuss them, and they are now engaged in a dinner

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with the Europeans on one side, the Turks on the other, but this could

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go on for a long time. This is an entirely new set of bands that

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leaders are discussing, and Turkey is asking a pretty high price from

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the EU for its cooperation here to stop those boats coming over with

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people. It is not clear whether all EU countries will agree. Many of

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them have concerns about the deal they are being asked to pay,

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particularly the 3 billion euros cost. Also Turkey's demands for

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quicker speeding up of talks to join the EU, speeding up of visa

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liberalisation to allow Turks to visit the EU, all difficult things

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to achieve. In the last few seconds there are reports that EU leaders

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are concerned. Why would they be so concerned? There is a draft document

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circling that talks about this possible plan that could be one of

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the things they will try to agree which will be where refugees

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crossing over from Turkey in boats to Greece, there is talk of

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returning them directly to Turkey, and in return Turkey taking us back,

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the EU would resettle one Syrian refugee for each person returned to

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Turkey and take them into Europe. The problem with that potentially is

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a legal one. Humanitarian law, which obliges countries like Greece and

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all EU countries are obliged either this to take in refugees who come

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and hear their cases properly, decide whether they are worthy of

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international protection, and a Ford that to them if they are. Taking

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people on board is straight back across the sea to Turkey could be in

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breach of international law. There has been concern about that already

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since the idea was floated earlier. My colleague Christian Fraser has

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been broadcasting live from Idomeni on the Greek-Macedonia

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border all day. Thousands of people are trapped

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here as Macedonia is only letting Even the weather tonight is showing

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how miserable the situation is. It is just desperate. It was

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miserable this morning in the sunshine. It was built for 2000

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people, there are 14,000 migrants here at the last count. We had

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everything thrown at us. It is windy, torrential rain, thunder and

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lightning, and these people are just under a light canvas behind me

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trying to keep dry. It is an impossible task because the water is

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coming from underneath. The rivers of water pouring through the camp.

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Three for people to each tent, young families, this one over here, they

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have a light inside and the message is written large. Help us, it's

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cold. No fires to light because it is impossible to light a fire in

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these conditions and impossible to stay dry. People have been walking

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down this road but only to go to the food station at the bottom. They

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have been standing for an hour in just normal clothes without reindeer

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just for a cup of soup and a bread roll. It is truly dismal. Let me

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introduce you to a man I met earlier. You are from Syria,

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herewith your young family full stop three children. What will it be like

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tonight in the tent? I don't know. As you see, the weather is so bad,

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and heavy rain, it is very difficult situation for all families, I'm not

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just picking about my family. I hope it will be a good decision for the

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situation after the meeting. The meeting in Brussels. Tell us about

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conditions in the camp. I've seen people trying to get into the tent

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by taking off their shoes, there are three or four people in there, they

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are clambering over each other. It is impossible, isn't it? It is a

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very difficult situation for our family. With four kids to live in a

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small tent, the water goes inside, because it is not so good protected,

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and the blankets will get wet in the morning. Even if there is no rain,

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the tent gets wet every morning, and that makes all the kids get sick. I

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can say 90% of kids have a cold and fever, and a lot of diseases. And

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here there is not enough medical care to serve more than 10,000

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people here. I know you wet as I'm. When you wake up wet in the morning,

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is there somewhere to go and get washed, is their warm water? No,

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that is not possible. There is no warm water here. Maybe before ten

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days there is many places that they have hot water, but right now all of

:11:11.:11:19.

them are not working, and people are washing their hands and taking a

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bath using cold water. Just quickly, I know you're watching the summit in

:11:25.:11:29.

Brussels. If the route through the Western Balkans is closed, what will

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you do? Generally we don't have a lot of options. For all Syrians,

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they still have hope to go through this road to reach their

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destination. Netherlands or Sweden or Germany, so I hope the border

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will open and if there is no option, please try to find a good solution

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for this situation. Syria is a really bad situation and miserable

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life here. Ahmed, thank you very much, we wish you luck. Ahmed from

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Syria. Many people gathered in Turkey at the moment think they're

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coming to the promised land. I wonder what they would say if they

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could see conditions here Greece tonight. Let's cross to Turkey, our

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correspondent says there. Ever been made in Europe at the moment to try

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to slow the flow of migrants. Is it making any difference? It is not

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making any difference at the moment, Kristian. When you speak to refugees

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here today just five miles from the Greek island, they say they are

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getting news from the use that they're going to close borders,

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they're going to try to reduce the number going to the European Union,

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but when you speak to them they say that will not make any difference,

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they are going to try to make that journey because they are still

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fleeing the Taliban or so-called Islamic State, so what it comes down

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to, how do you crush the dreams of those who still believe that Europe

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will afford them a better life? Turkey is blowing hard all in

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Brussels, it wants double the amount of money originally promised, it was

:13:16.:13:20.

an earlier date for visas for trucks travelling to the youth, and once

:13:21.:13:26.

more refugees and migrants already settled here to be resettled in

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Europe in order for some of the illegal migrants to come back to

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Turkey. It is still a difficult bargaining process, all aimed at

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trying to reduce the numbers of migrants like those I have been

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speaking to. You can see fragments of clothes and

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rubbish everywhere, remnants of abandoned lives. The drawing

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Turkey's border is the key to stemming the flow, but the coastline

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is 4500 miles long, smugglers using new routes and preying the

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desperate. And there are still plenty of them. Every day like this

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family from Syria. Try do is keep happening, and yet

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the migrants keep coming. That is why Turkey holds the cards. It is

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your's gatekeeper. Ankara knows the EU will turn a blind eye to other

:15:11.:15:14.

problems here with human rights and an increasingly authoritarian

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government. Freedom of expression is being crushed. Protests over the

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government's takeover of Turkey's largest newspaper ended in this.

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Russell is criticised for being too migrant focused to speak out. The

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dream of sanction realise just five miles across the Aegean. Many could

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be sent back, Turkey becoming Europe's refugee camp. But for those

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fleeing war, hope still outweighs the risk.

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There is not much hope in this camp in Idomeni. The rules are pretty

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spurious for crossing the border. Pakistanis and Afghans have been

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turned around, Iraqis and Syrians, some, are allowed to cross. We are

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hearing anecdotal stories that Syrians from Damascus are rejected,

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Syrians from Aluko might be allowed through they have the right papers.

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It is difficult to tell what the policy is from the Macedonian side,

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and that makes it more difficult for Greece cos it is becoming a holding

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pen for the refugees trying to get to Europe.

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The Tunisian president says authorities are now in control

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of a situation in southern Tunisia, where army and police bases

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At least 45 people were killed in the operation in the town

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of Ben Gardane most of them were militants.

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Our correspondent, Rana Jawad, reports now from Tunis.

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The dusty, sleepy border town of Ben Gardane is tense. Residents woke up

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to scenes of some of the deadliest clashes witnessed in the country to

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date. Street battles between security forces and militants

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erupted after two simultaneous attacks on army and police bases.

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Remnants on these streets sure the aftermath of bloody clashes that

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lasted several hours. It is believed that up to 30 militants were killed.

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The Canadian army and police also took heavy losses, and some

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civilians are thought to have been killed in the crossfire. Tunisia's

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president believes this was the work of militants of the so-called

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Islamic State and that they are trying to expand their territorial

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holding the region. TRANSLATION: Today's attacks on security forces

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in Ben Gardane started at 5am was unprecedented. It was organised, and

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the aim was probably too control the area and a new state. Reinforcements

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were in place. We expected such an operation. Jay-Z is also the largest

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exporter of jihadist in the region, fighting in Iraq, Syria and Libya.

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At least 3000 have left this country in recent years. The chaos in Libya

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has allowed members of IS to set up training camps in the country. June

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is the's border crossings with Libya, one of them just a few

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minutes drive from Ben Gardane have been shut down. Tunisian forces are

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on high alert. They have set up checkpoints around Ben Gardane

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entrances. They know they are facing a long-term threat and the battle

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has only just begun perhaps. In the past hour the Pentagon has

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said the US military carried out a drone strike over the weekend

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targeting a training camp run A spokesman said the strike

:18:48.:18:50.

was carried out north of capital The Swedish car maker Volvo

:18:51.:18:56.

is about to start recruiting 100 ordinary people to commute to work

:18:57.:19:06.

next year in a driverless car. The company eventually wants them

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to do other things while sitting behind the wheel on a busy road -

:19:10.:19:12.

such as read a book or send In the first of a series of reports

:19:13.:19:16.

on the impact and future of the car, our Transport Correspondent,

:19:17.:19:21.

Richard Westcott, was given special Gothenburg in Sweden, home of Volvo,

:19:22.:19:32.

a place where drivers need to beware of the Elks. On a test track, the

:19:33.:19:39.

company issuing me its unique experiment, and they will need

:19:40.:19:43.

members of the public to help. They are going to ask 100 ordinary people

:19:44.:19:48.

to commute in a car, but it is not an ordinary car. It is an autonomous

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car. And then they will tell those people they are free to do anything

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else instead. Perhaps send an e-mail. From the track to the

:19:56.:20:02.

evening commute. Next year Gothenburg's volunteers will be

:20:03.:20:07.

driverless on special roads with no cyclist or pedestrians. And daring

:20:08.:20:13.

in mind it is Sweden, no snow. The computer needs to see the white

:20:14.:20:17.

lines. About as hands-free as you can get. The man in charge of a

:20:18.:20:22.

technology called me what would happen in an emergency. Something

:20:23.:20:27.

unexpected happens, the card needs to be will to deal with that. We

:20:28.:20:31.

cannot count on the driver to take over. The car will detect it. It

:20:32.:20:37.

will not suddenly shot control back to the driver? No, the driver will

:20:38.:20:42.

be sitting back and relax, reading. We cannot count on him to intervene

:20:43.:20:46.

immediately, so the car has to do it. Things are different in the UK.

:20:47.:20:53.

There are four projects. Imogen 's public transport pods will

:20:54.:20:56.

eventually use the pavements to shuttle people between the shops and

:20:57.:21:00.

the pavement. Would you share a pavement with one of those governed

:21:01.:21:05.

by a computer? No, I wouldn't. It has to decide in an instant whether

:21:06.:21:11.

it's got to stop her carry on, is the safety of who is in it or the

:21:12.:21:16.

outside? You're not worried about bumping into you? No, because we can

:21:17.:21:22.

move out the way. In the US, Google is leading the way in driverless

:21:23.:21:25.

tests, 1 million miles and counting. They have just had a first crash

:21:26.:21:28.

with a computer was at least partly to blame. Experts describe the

:21:29.:21:33.

future out of a science fiction novel. We'll see this technology and

:21:34.:21:40.

product trucks, imports, down mines. And that from me as interesting, but

:21:41.:21:45.

this technology is not just about transport, but all things that move.

:21:46.:21:50.

On the test track, time to dry a drama on the telly. It could still

:21:51.:21:57.

take a decade or even two, but eventually children will marvel at

:21:58.:21:59.

the idea that people actually use to drive their own cars.

:22:00.:22:04.

Daniel Mcintyre is Australia's top shearer.

:22:05.:22:06.

He won the National Shearing Championships for two consecutive

:22:07.:22:09.

years - by shearing 12 sheep in 20 minutes and 47 seconds,

:22:10.:22:12.

beating his next rival by a full three minutes.

:22:13.:22:15.

So what does it take to be a shearing champion?

:22:16.:22:17.

My name is Daniel McIntyre, and the current Australian national

:22:18.:22:31.

champion. I started shearing sheep when I was 17. I grew up on a farm

:22:32.:22:36.

and fell in love with that. The key to shearing, position, the way you

:22:37.:22:42.

hold the sheep, technique, and also the gear. I need a wide selection,

:22:43.:22:51.

so having a bag full of different combs is important. Before they can

:22:52.:23:00.

you to start I take a deep breath and fill my lungs about their, and

:23:01.:23:08.

try and relax. If you go in there tends the sheep will tense up. You

:23:09.:23:12.

need this sheep in a relaxed state and you can start shearing

:23:13.:23:18.

straightaway. We have a pattern on the sheep. We are trained to see the

:23:19.:23:24.

flat surfaces of the sheep. Position the sheep in a way that the sheep

:23:25.:23:32.

flattens out. You start with the belly, we want to the leg, up the

:23:33.:23:41.

neck, and then down the other side. You have to find the right balance

:23:42.:23:47.

between speed and quality. You cannot go all for speed. You have to

:23:48.:23:52.

have quality as well. It perfectly shorn sheep would look like a

:23:53.:23:58.

hard-boiled egg, no ridges, no cuts. Just although will completely

:23:59.:24:04.

offered. When you get to the top, the feeling for yourself, it's more

:24:05.:24:10.

about bettering yourself than beating the block beside you. It is

:24:11.:24:16.

a sense of a compass and. It is something a I've worked hard for

:24:17.:24:20.

since basically I left school. It fills you up inside, I guess.

:24:21.:24:25.

Beautiful images caught last night here in the UK of the Northern

:24:26.:24:28.

Their proper name is Aurora Borealis -

:24:29.:24:34.

they happen when electrically-charged particles

:24:35.:24:37.

from the Sun enter the Earth's atmosphere.

:24:38.:24:39.

Here's some photos people have been sharing.

:24:40.:25:22.

A reminder of our main news: Turkey has submitted a new proposal on how

:25:23.:25:26.

to deal with the migrant crisis, at a summit with European Union

:25:27.:25:29.

The president of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz,

:25:30.:25:38.

says the Turkish government has asked for an extra 3 billion

:25:39.:25:41.

In return, Turkey has offered to take back all non-Syrian migrants

:25:42.:25:45.

who are denied asylum, and do more to patrol its own waters.

:25:46.:25:50.

Talks are still going on and Brussels already working supper.

:25:51.:25:55.

You can get in touch with me and some of the team via Twitter -

:25:56.:26:00.

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