08/03/2016 World News Today


08/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:00.

A major blow to Europe's latest plan to settle the migration crisis.

:00:00.:00:09.

The UN warns a possible deal to send illegal migrants back to Turkey

:00:10.:00:13.

An agreement that would be tantamount to a blanket return

:00:14.:00:20.

of any foreigners to a third country is not consistent with European Law,

:00:21.:00:25.

is not consistent with international law.

:00:26.:00:29.

Big name brands waste no time in dropping tennis star,

:00:30.:00:33.

Maria Sharapova, after she admits failing a drugs test.

:00:34.:00:35.

We'll be speaking to her former coach.

:00:36.:00:38.

He's being called the "Dentist of Horror".

:00:39.:00:40.

A man goes on trial in France on charges of deliberately

:00:41.:00:43.

mutilating mouths of more than 100 patients.

:00:44.:00:46.

Experts say demand is likely to decline, and that's got town

:00:47.:00:51.

planners rethinking the urban landscape.

:00:52.:01:10.

We start with efforts to solve Europe's migrant crisis,

:01:11.:01:12.

and what sounded like a possible breakthrough agreement

:01:13.:01:15.

between the European Union and Turkey is now under fire.

:01:16.:01:17.

The UN says the plan for Europe to send migrants back to Turkey

:01:18.:01:20.

in exchange for Syrians who are encamped in Turkey

:01:21.:01:23.

And, as our two correspondence, Danny Savage in Greece

:01:24.:01:28.

and Mark Lowen in Turkey, have been finding out,

:01:29.:01:30.

the move would face huge resistance from migrants.

:01:31.:01:37.

Doors may be closing, but their dreams of sanctuary

:01:38.:01:44.

As news that the EU is clamping down on migrants filters through,

:01:45.:01:49.

they are left confused, but determined.

:01:50.:01:57.

"Will Europe let us in?", this family comes to ask.

:01:58.:02:00.

The tiny children tell me all they want is a boat to Greece.

:02:01.:02:04.

Those who come this far have endured so much.

:02:05.:02:11.

Mohammed was tortured in a Damascus prison for opposing

:02:12.:02:14.

Five of his children are already in Western Europe.

:02:15.:02:23.

So, if he is stopped and sent back when he soon tries to join them,

:02:24.:02:26.

TRANSLATION: I am disappointed by the decision in Brussels,

:02:27.:02:32.

but there is no other option for us but to leave.

:02:33.:02:34.

Either I succeed and live, or die trying.

:02:35.:02:41.

Those profiting from the boat trips are still doing a roaring trade.

:02:42.:02:45.

It is a well-practised routine for the migrants.

:02:46.:02:47.

Arrive in Ismir, get kitted up and go.

:02:48.:02:51.

This is just one of the businesses catering for refugees here.

:02:52.:02:54.

There are special bank accounts to pay smugglers.

:02:55.:02:57.

Hotels almost exclusively for Syrians.

:02:58.:03:00.

The industry of transporting migrants here is so established,

:03:01.:03:04.

so widespread, that it seems inconceivable that it could be

:03:05.:03:08.

dismantled or even halted by decisions in Brussels.

:03:09.:03:13.

It's not even clear if deporting migrants back to Turkey

:03:14.:03:16.

So, the whole European plan could still fall apart.

:03:17.:03:21.

Collective expulsion of foreigners is prohibited under

:03:22.:03:23.

the European Convention of Human Rights.

:03:24.:03:29.

An agreement that would be tantamount to blanket return of any

:03:30.:03:35.

foreigners to a third country is not consistent with European law

:03:36.:03:38.

The success of any deal hinges on tackling the smugglers.

:03:39.:03:47.

A middleman we spoke to say he thinks any drop in numbers

:03:48.:03:50.

TRANSLATION: For the last six days, I haven't had any

:03:51.:03:56.

If they start sending people back, there might be fewer who try.

:03:57.:04:01.

When the Coast Guard shows up, we stop.

:04:02.:04:05.

But when people show up, we organise their trip

:04:06.:04:10.

But there is one certainty - that those hoping for a new life

:04:11.:04:21.

across these waters when to give up trying.

:04:22.:04:29.

The dawn departures from Turkey arrive off a Greek beach.

:04:30.:04:37.

And are intercepted by the Coast Guard.

:04:38.:04:41.

Several overcrowded boats have come at once.

:04:42.:04:48.

Smaller crafts shepherd them towards safety.

:04:49.:04:50.

Watching from shore are volunteers, ready to help.

:04:51.:04:53.

They don't think any new political policy will stop this.

:04:54.:04:55.

It will be more expensive, more dangerous.

:04:56.:05:02.

But I don't think political decisions can change

:05:03.:05:06.

An hour later, in port, the decks are packed.

:05:07.:05:13.

The desperate human cargo about to step ashore

:05:14.:05:16.

This is where they've risked their lives to get to.

:05:17.:05:24.

There are many different nationalities on this boat.

:05:25.:05:26.

Syrians, Iraqis, Afghans, people from North Africa as well.

:05:27.:05:29.

But the latest suggestion from the politicians in Brussels

:05:30.:05:33.

is that regardless of nationality, all of these people will be quickly

:05:34.:05:36.

turned around and sent straight back to Turkey.

:05:37.:05:39.

These latest arrivals still believe they will get where they want to.

:05:40.:05:43.

Returning to Turkey horrifies the Syrians.

:05:44.:05:57.

TRANSLATION: Turkey doesn't give us our rights.

:05:58.:06:01.

We heard that the UN have given money to Turkey for Syrians,

:06:02.:06:05.

But the latest big idea from Brussels is to play hardball

:06:06.:06:11.

with anyone who crosses the Greek islands seeking sanctuary.

:06:12.:06:14.

For now, though, the familiar routine continues.

:06:15.:06:19.

Each jacket representing a life which wants to live in Europe.

:06:20.:06:28.

Maria Sharapova looks set to lose millions after three major sponsors,

:06:29.:06:33.

including the sportswear firm Nike, suspended their links

:06:34.:06:35.

with the tennis star in the light of her failed drugs test.

:06:36.:06:38.

On Tuesday, the five-times Grand Slam winner revealed she'd

:06:39.:06:41.

tested positive for a drug called Meldonium, saying she took it

:06:42.:06:44.

Our Sports Correspondent, Richard Conway, reports.

:06:45.:06:51.

It was the name into Maria Sharapova's life

:06:52.:06:53.

Winning Wimbledon aged just 17 made her a global star.

:06:54.:06:58.

Now almost 12 years on, her life has taken another dramatic turn.

:06:59.:07:03.

Sharapova claims a family doctor legally prescribed her a heart

:07:04.:07:19.

But it was banned by Wada, the World Anti-doping Agency,

:07:20.:07:24.

in January this year, due to its ability to boost

:07:25.:07:26.

The current world number one who defeated Sharapova on the same

:07:27.:07:31.

day the Russian tested positive in January,

:07:32.:07:33.

today expressed admiration for her opponent's stance.

:07:34.:07:36.

Most people were surprised and shocked by Maria,

:07:37.:07:40.

but at the same time most people were happy that she was upfront

:07:41.:07:44.

and very honest and showed a lot of courage to admit to what she has

:07:45.:07:50.

done and what she had neglected to look at.

:07:51.:07:55.

Sharapova insists she was unaware Meldonium was prohibitive,

:07:56.:07:57.

but takes full responsibility for her actions.

:07:58.:08:00.

But the former head of Wada insists there should have been no excuses.

:08:01.:08:06.

Leaving aside the fair play side, you are running a $30 million

:08:07.:08:19.

It depends on using eligible to play tennis.

:08:20.:08:21.

And you're taking something that's on a list that you've

:08:22.:08:24.

I'm sorry, but that is a big mistake.

:08:25.:08:28.

Maria Sharapova is the highest-paid woman in sport, and the reason

:08:29.:08:31.

for that is because she transcends tennis in a way few others do.

:08:32.:08:34.

But now her backers will distance themselves, including her

:08:35.:08:38.

The five-time Grand Slam when has now lost a number

:08:39.:08:43.

In addition to Nike, German car maker Porsche said

:08:44.:08:50.

they are postponing any further plans until all the facts are known.

:08:51.:08:53.

Swiss watchmaker Tag Heuer will not be renewing their contract

:08:54.:08:56.

"Maria Sharapova" the brand has taken a considerable financial hit,

:08:57.:09:03.

It's not about other people around you, it's not about

:09:04.:09:07.

But she now hopes her efforts to explain why she took a banned

:09:08.:09:12.

substance will result in a reduced sanction.

:09:13.:09:18.

Jeff Tarango is Maria Sharapova's former coach and an ex-Tour

:09:19.:09:21.

professional, and he joins me live via webcam from Manhattan Beach

:09:22.:09:23.

Knowing Maria like you do, what is your reaction first of all?

:09:24.:09:38.

I was shocked. I was expecting her to say that there was some kind of

:09:39.:09:43.

good news on the front as far as the DNA is concerned. It turns out that

:09:44.:09:51.

this is what is going on. Is that shock to me and all of Manhattan

:09:52.:09:56.

Beach and I'm sure most of Russia. It is upsetting for everyone

:09:57.:09:59.

concerned, including Maria. There are so many questions, broad

:10:00.:10:05.

questions. But I have two state first but if someone tests positive

:10:06.:10:10.

for a drug, they need to have this examined fully and be given a

:10:11.:10:17.

penalty. She is going to receive a penalty, it's just how harsh is this

:10:18.:10:21.

penalty going to be? Will they ruin this lady's Korea for an innocent

:10:22.:10:25.

mistake? -- career. Not everybody thinks this

:10:26.:10:30.

is an innocent mistake, there may be a complete diverging in the amount

:10:31.:10:34.

of sympathy for her. Going back to when you were coaching for her, did

:10:35.:10:40.

you have any indication that she needed to take medication?

:10:41.:10:43.

She needed to take whatever she needed to take to not get the flu.

:10:44.:10:48.

She had a low immunity system and how hearts... She would have to stop

:10:49.:10:52.

every 13 or 14 minutes of practice and get a drink. It wasn't going to

:10:53.:11:05.

work. We tailored her to her coach which made her perfect. She was sent

:11:06.:11:10.

to me to work on strategy. The first thing we determined was she would

:11:11.:11:14.

not be able to win on clay or hard court for many years. We have two

:11:15.:11:18.

strategically go after grass and that will be her first grandson

:11:19.:11:21.

victory because of how frail she was. -- grand slam.

:11:22.:11:27.

How could this happen given Maria Sharapova is such a huge star and

:11:28.:11:31.

high earner? How could it escape the notice of a team around her? That

:11:32.:11:36.

team paid to do their job to notify her that this was a banned

:11:37.:11:39.

substance. That is the major question. I don't

:11:40.:11:42.

understand how the doctor prescribing it to her doesn't tell

:11:43.:11:47.

her it is about to become illegal. How her physical trainer doesn't

:11:48.:11:50.

have that Flash card in his pocket. It should be in his pocket so every

:11:51.:11:56.

they go to dinner is looking on labels, every time he is buying

:11:57.:12:01.

groceries. He is issue -- labels, every time he is buying

:12:02.:12:07.

sushi chef and he should be all over this. There way too many people

:12:08.:12:12.

talking about new drugs out there. The agency should have informed her.

:12:13.:12:23.

I think also the WTA, she is huge for tourism boards and present

:12:24.:12:27.

directors. They should have says she has been forthright about taking

:12:28.:12:31.

this drug, it's not legal any more. Don't take it!

:12:32.:12:36.

What lies ahead for Maria Sharapova in the light of this?

:12:37.:12:39.

She has to get through this appeals process. What is so upsetting for

:12:40.:12:47.

Maria is that she was on the edge already. She had so many injuries

:12:48.:12:51.

and so much stuff going on. Serena is her nemesis. You can see how got

:12:52.:12:58.

wrenched she is she loses to Serena. Starting every match ahead and

:12:59.:13:02.

Serena right by her like a train going through a small town. It is

:13:03.:13:07.

gut-wrenching for her. Every time she comes back home, she needs to

:13:08.:13:11.

take a few days off and it is mental, not physical. She says she

:13:12.:13:15.

has an injury, but it is mental. She is getting beat up mentally. A two

:13:16.:13:21.

year ban would finish her, and everybody needs to know that.

:13:22.:13:25.

Including the anti-doping agency who say they would be sympathetic. I

:13:26.:13:29.

believe that this drug, had she taken it for eight or nine years,

:13:30.:13:33.

should have been grandfathered in. They should have given her a chance

:13:34.:13:38.

to get out of her system. She didn't play a tournament before and she

:13:39.:13:42.

hasn't played a tournament after. There are rules in this wallet that

:13:43.:13:46.

I can read about therapeutic use exemption, which she could backdate.

:13:47.:13:52.

I think that even if she submits this and they refuse it, it still

:13:53.:13:56.

helps in reducing her sentence. I do think she should be punished because

:13:57.:14:00.

she broke the rule, don't get me wrong, but I don't think that Maria

:14:01.:14:03.

Sharapova should be at the guillotine right now.

:14:04.:14:05.

Jeff, thank you for your time. The Governor of the Bank of England,

:14:06.:14:18.

Mark Carney, has said Britain's membership of the European Union has

:14:19.:14:21.

helped the UK economy grow, and praised the benefits of access

:14:22.:14:23.

to the European single market. His remarks have infuriated those

:14:24.:14:26.

who want Britain to leave the EU following a referendum

:14:27.:14:29.

on the issue in June. Worse-than-expected trade figures

:14:30.:14:31.

from China have reinforced fears that the country's leaders

:14:32.:14:33.

will struggle to meet their In February, exports were down

:14:34.:14:35.

by a quarter compared with the same month last year -

:14:36.:14:39.

the biggest fall in six years. Republican voters are casting

:14:40.:14:41.

their ballots in four US states today, of which Michigan will be

:14:42.:14:46.

the most significant in determining Donald Trump is hoping

:14:47.:14:50.

to solidify his lead in the Republican race

:14:51.:14:55.

for the White House, but his opponents are optimistic

:14:56.:14:57.

about slowing his advance. The Democrat frontrunner,

:14:58.:14:59.

Hillary Clinton, will face Bernie Sanders in Michigan

:15:00.:15:01.

and Mississippi. A Dutchman nicknamed the "Dentist

:15:02.:15:08.

of Horror" has gone on trial in France on charges of deliberately

:15:09.:15:11.

mutilating mouths of more Jacobus van Nierop is accused

:15:12.:15:14.

of taking out healthy teeth and causing horrific injuries

:15:15.:15:20.

to dozens of patients. He fled to Canada when suspicions

:15:21.:15:27.

arose, but was later extradited It is many people'sworst nightmare.

:15:28.:15:41.

An out-of-control dentist. And today Jacobus van Nierop went on trial for

:15:42.:15:45.

mutilating the teeth and gums of more than 100 patients. He had come

:15:46.:15:50.

to practice in this picturesque part of Burgundy which, like much of

:15:51.:15:54.

Robert Frank, is poorly served for dental care. Evil were happy with

:15:55.:15:59.

the big Dutchman, but then the horror stories began. -- Rauball

:16:00.:16:05.

France. -- people. There are various different cases,

:16:06.:16:10.

including first glance, burst sinuses, cheeks beading restaged

:16:11.:16:13.

with the gums, and tools been left inside gums. Having looked at all

:16:14.:16:19.

the cases, it seems to me she had a system in place. Patients went for a

:16:20.:16:25.

checkup, were under anaesthetic for five or six hours and were groggy.

:16:26.:16:32.

This lady now heads and Association of victims. She says she went for a

:16:33.:16:37.

problem with a filling and came out -2-macro teeth. But hers was far

:16:38.:16:44.

from the worst. Mr Van Nierop fled to Canada when the stories about him

:16:45.:16:48.

got to persistent. But he was extradited to stand trial. Victims

:16:49.:16:53.

they get is significant. For my clients, we hope to get an

:16:54.:16:59.

explanation. To understand how he has been able to behave in such a

:17:00.:17:05.

way. Today we have no explanation. It is important to first understand

:17:06.:17:11.

will be have regrets, remorse,? Maybe, but at least we will

:17:12.:17:15.

understand. Did he create dental problems in order to solve them and

:17:16.:17:19.

earn more money? Did he enjoy the power, or was he just incompetent?

:17:20.:17:23.

He mutilated victims want answers. One Israeli has been killed

:17:24.:17:25.

and several others injured in a series of stabbing

:17:26.:17:28.

attacks near the sea front Police are said to have

:17:29.:17:30.

shot dead the attacker, This comes as US Vice President

:17:31.:17:33.

Joe Biden is in Israel, and has been attending

:17:34.:17:37.

an event nearby. Yolanda Knell is in

:17:38.:17:39.

Jerusalem for us. What do we know about what happened?

:17:40.:17:52.

There was a series of stabbings in Jaffa. They began in the port area

:17:53.:17:56.

which is very popular with tourists and locals. What we have now been

:17:57.:18:00.

told by Israeli police is that the person who was killed was an

:18:01.:18:05.

American tourist. A video has been shed on social media, shot with a

:18:06.:18:10.

mobile phone, which shows the attacker running away from the scene

:18:11.:18:14.

in the direction of Tel Aviv along the waterfront. He is trying to stab

:18:15.:18:20.

people in cars as he goes. There is a policeman in pursuit and the

:18:21.:18:24.

attacker was shot and killed. We don't have much information about

:18:25.:18:28.

him, but we have now been told that he was a 22-year-old Palestinian man

:18:29.:18:33.

who came from the north of the West Bank. That will raise questions

:18:34.:18:37.

about how come he happened to be in Israel. This attack took place at a

:18:38.:18:42.

time when there was very heavy police presence in the area because

:18:43.:18:47.

the US vice President, Joe Biden, had just arrived in Israel and made

:18:48.:18:52.

his way to Jaffa to the Centre for peace, which is where he met the

:18:53.:18:56.

former is really President and Nobel Peace Prize winner.

:18:57.:19:03.

Since October, there has been a wave of attacks. Many people have died.

:19:04.:19:10.

How tight is security generally? Well, you certainly see a lot more

:19:11.:19:14.

security around the country. You also see people taking security into

:19:15.:19:18.

their own hands. There are more Israeli citizens who are armed, for

:19:19.:19:22.

example. What has made it very difficult to police against these

:19:23.:19:26.

attacks is the fact they are often carried out by Palestinians who are

:19:27.:19:31.

identified as what police called Lone Wolves. They carry out these

:19:32.:19:35.

attacks without the backing of Palestinian militant groups. We have

:19:36.:19:42.

had since October more than 180 Palestinians killed, most of whom

:19:43.:19:45.

Israel says were carrying out attacks. Two Americans have been

:19:46.:19:51.

killed in this wave of violence. Thank you.

:19:52.:19:54.

All the big car makers recognise that huge changes are on the way.

:19:55.:19:59.

Some believe the future is driverless, electric vehicles -

:20:00.:20:01.

cheap and available at the push of a button.

:20:02.:20:03.

It's this revolution that has town planners rethinking the urban

:20:04.:20:05.

So, could the future be green and serene?

:20:06.:20:08.

Or are we just too attached to our trusty motors?

:20:09.:20:11.

Our Home Editor, Mark Easton, has this special report.

:20:12.:20:14.

Garden villages, households rise and shine...

:20:15.:20:26.

The suburbs promised the rural idyll close to the big city.

:20:27.:20:28.

Instead of leafy streets and beautiful gardens,

:20:29.:20:31.

what we got was cars, cars, and more cars.

:20:32.:20:35.

Maybe new technology like driverless electric vehicles and Uber-style

:20:36.:20:46.

taxi apps means that rather than having your own car,

:20:47.:20:50.

which is pared up 95% of the time, we simply press a button

:20:51.:21:02.

and summon what you , far cheaper, when you need it.

:21:03.:21:04.

And just think how that might change the places we live in.

:21:05.:21:09.

This is a Capthorne Avenue in Harrow, a classic suburban street.

:21:10.:21:17.

Take the cars out of the picture, lay some grass, plants some trees,

:21:18.:21:20.

the cluttered road becomes a green space.

:21:21.:21:22.

A community resource where children can play and neighbours can meet.

:21:23.:21:24.

Instead of the private car, people only use their car

:21:25.:21:27.

It's a model that politicians in London took a close interest

:21:28.:21:32.

in as a way of dealing with the housing crisis.

:21:33.:21:34.

And the design consultancy behind the proposals have even come up

:21:35.:21:37.

The point about this self driven car is that it takes up much less space

:21:38.:21:47.

It's smaller, and it's not there when you don't need it.

:21:48.:21:56.

But people really like having their car just outside,

:21:57.:21:58.

And when they get used to the new technologies,

:21:59.:22:01.

it will be just like whistling for your dog.

:22:02.:22:04.

We tried the idea on the residents of the Avenue.

:22:05.:22:07.

No. No, no, no.

:22:08.:22:12.

Do you really need a car? Yes, we need it!

:22:13.:22:19.

Every day? Every day.

:22:20.:22:21.

Even if I don't need it, I like to see it.

:22:22.:22:27.

Taking cars out of cities is hardly new.

:22:28.:22:32.

In southern Germany, they started closing central streets

:22:33.:22:34.

But now the idea has spread to residential neighbourhoods,

:22:35.:22:46.

You can't have a car if you live here.

:22:47.:22:50.

You can't park it outside your house.

:22:51.:22:52.

You have to put it in the multi-story of the estate

:22:53.:22:54.

So, people moved here thinking they would need a car,

:22:55.:23:02.

but very quickly have just given it up.

:23:03.:23:04.

They realise after a while, they don't need to own one.

:23:05.:23:07.

It might seem a long way from the streets of Harrow today,

:23:08.:23:23.

but if technology can provide all the convenience and independence

:23:24.:23:25.

of a car without having to own one, then perhaps suburban Britain

:23:26.:23:28.

It's been two years since the disappearance of flight MH370

:23:29.:23:38.

from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, with the loss of 239 people.

:23:39.:23:41.

Malaysian and Australian authorities say they still remain hopeful

:23:42.:23:43.

But despite the continuing search of a vast area

:23:44.:23:46.

in the Southern Indian Ocean, the international investigation team

:23:47.:23:49.

says exactly what happened to the plane is still a mystery.

:23:50.:23:51.

A group of relatives of those on board have held prayers

:23:52.:23:54.

Wherever they gathered, they are watched.

:23:55.:24:02.

Even here in the grounds of a Beijing temple.

:24:03.:24:09.

On the second anniversary of the aircraft's disappearance,

:24:10.:24:12.

Chinese police, both uniformed and plainclothes,

:24:13.:24:14.

monitor and photograph the relatives of those on board.

:24:15.:24:19.

TRANSLATION: They threaten and intimidate me.

:24:20.:24:21.

They have been to my home to harass me.

:24:22.:24:23.

I can't understand why they treat us like this.

:24:24.:24:28.

Two years after the disappearance of their loved ones,

:24:29.:24:31.

the families are still at the raft of information and explanation.

:24:32.:24:38.

They feel abandoned by the Malaysian government, and continuously

:24:39.:24:43.

corralled and controlled by the Chinese authorities.

:24:44.:24:46.

This week, just ahead of the two year deadline,

:24:47.:24:52.

some of the families filed lawsuits against Malaysian airlines.

:24:53.:24:58.

They've refused the compensation on offer,

:24:59.:25:00.

and say they want the company to answer in court instead.

:25:01.:25:03.

Ling Xai Lan lost her 27-year-old son.

:25:04.:25:08.

Like many others, she says she can't except that he's dead.

:25:09.:25:11.

TRANSLATION: Mum is waiting for you to come home.

:25:12.:25:16.

I hope the countries will offer peace, and cherished life can

:25:17.:25:23.

Their main grievance is with Malaysian, of course.

:25:24.:25:30.

But China does not encourage public gatherings and

:25:31.:25:39.

as long as the grief and anger endure, so,

:25:40.:25:42.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:43.:26:06.

Good evening. Tuesday has been grey and drab, but relatively quiet.

:26:07.:26:14.

Things are about to turn it a lot livelier tonight and tomorrow. Some

:26:15.:26:18.

heavy rain, gales in places and snow over

:26:19.:26:20.

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