08/03/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.


A major blow to Europe's latest plan to settle the migration crisis.


The UN warns a possible deal to send illegal migrants back to Turkey


An agreement that would be tantamount to a blanket return


of any foreigners to a third country is not consistent with European Law,


is not consistent with international law.


Big name brands waste no time in dropping tennis star,


Maria Sharapova, after she admits failing a drugs test.


We'll be speaking to her former coach.


He's being called the "Dentist of Horror".


A man goes on trial in France on charges of deliberately


mutilating mouths of more than 100 patients.


Experts say demand is likely to decline, and that's got town


planners rethinking the urban landscape.


We start with efforts to solve Europe's migrant crisis,


and what sounded like a possible breakthrough agreement


between the European Union and Turkey is now under fire.


The UN says the plan for Europe to send migrants back to Turkey


in exchange for Syrians who are encamped in Turkey


And, as our two correspondence, Danny Savage in Greece


and Mark Lowen in Turkey, have been finding out,


the move would face huge resistance from migrants.


Doors may be closing, but their dreams of sanctuary


As news that the EU is clamping down on migrants filters through,


they are left confused, but determined.


"Will Europe let us in?", this family comes to ask.


The tiny children tell me all they want is a boat to Greece.


Those who come this far have endured so much.


Mohammed was tortured in a Damascus prison for opposing


Five of his children are already in Western Europe.


So, if he is stopped and sent back when he soon tries to join them,


TRANSLATION: I am disappointed by the decision in Brussels,


but there is no other option for us but to leave.


Either I succeed and live, or die trying.


Those profiting from the boat trips are still doing a roaring trade.


It is a well-practised routine for the migrants.


Arrive in Ismir, get kitted up and go.


This is just one of the businesses catering for refugees here.


There are special bank accounts to pay smugglers.


Hotels almost exclusively for Syrians.


The industry of transporting migrants here is so established,


so widespread, that it seems inconceivable that it could be


dismantled or even halted by decisions in Brussels.


It's not even clear if deporting migrants back to Turkey


So, the whole European plan could still fall apart.


Collective expulsion of foreigners is prohibited under


the European Convention of Human Rights.


An agreement that would be tantamount to blanket return of any


foreigners to a third country is not consistent with European law


The success of any deal hinges on tackling the smugglers.


A middleman we spoke to say he thinks any drop in numbers


TRANSLATION: For the last six days, I haven't had any


If they start sending people back, there might be fewer who try.


When the Coast Guard shows up, we stop.


But when people show up, we organise their trip


But there is one certainty - that those hoping for a new life


across these waters when to give up trying.


The dawn departures from Turkey arrive off a Greek beach.


And are intercepted by the Coast Guard.


Several overcrowded boats have come at once.


Smaller crafts shepherd them towards safety.


Watching from shore are volunteers, ready to help.


They don't think any new political policy will stop this.


It will be more expensive, more dangerous.


But I don't think political decisions can change


An hour later, in port, the decks are packed.


The desperate human cargo about to step ashore


This is where they've risked their lives to get to.


There are many different nationalities on this boat.


Syrians, Iraqis, Afghans, people from North Africa as well.


But the latest suggestion from the politicians in Brussels


is that regardless of nationality, all of these people will be quickly


turned around and sent straight back to Turkey.


These latest arrivals still believe they will get where they want to.


Returning to Turkey horrifies the Syrians.


TRANSLATION: Turkey doesn't give us our rights.


We heard that the UN have given money to Turkey for Syrians,


But the latest big idea from Brussels is to play hardball


with anyone who crosses the Greek islands seeking sanctuary.


For now, though, the familiar routine continues.


Each jacket representing a life which wants to live in Europe.


Maria Sharapova looks set to lose millions after three major sponsors,


including the sportswear firm Nike, suspended their links


with the tennis star in the light of her failed drugs test.


On Tuesday, the five-times Grand Slam winner revealed she'd


tested positive for a drug called Meldonium, saying she took it


Our Sports Correspondent, Richard Conway, reports.


It was the name into Maria Sharapova's life


Winning Wimbledon aged just 17 made her a global star.


Now almost 12 years on, her life has taken another dramatic turn.


Sharapova claims a family doctor legally prescribed her a heart


But it was banned by Wada, the World Anti-doping Agency,


in January this year, due to its ability to boost


The current world number one who defeated Sharapova on the same


day the Russian tested positive in January,


today expressed admiration for her opponent's stance.


Most people were surprised and shocked by Maria,


but at the same time most people were happy that she was upfront


and very honest and showed a lot of courage to admit to what she has


done and what she had neglected to look at.


Sharapova insists she was unaware Meldonium was prohibitive,


but takes full responsibility for her actions.


But the former head of Wada insists there should have been no excuses.


Leaving aside the fair play side, you are running a $30 million


It depends on using eligible to play tennis.


And you're taking something that's on a list that you've


I'm sorry, but that is a big mistake.


Maria Sharapova is the highest-paid woman in sport, and the reason


for that is because she transcends tennis in a way few others do.


But now her backers will distance themselves, including her


The five-time Grand Slam when has now lost a number


In addition to Nike, German car maker Porsche said


they are postponing any further plans until all the facts are known.


Swiss watchmaker Tag Heuer will not be renewing their contract


"Maria Sharapova" the brand has taken a considerable financial hit,


It's not about other people around you, it's not about


But she now hopes her efforts to explain why she took a banned


substance will result in a reduced sanction.


Jeff Tarango is Maria Sharapova's former coach and an ex-Tour


professional, and he joins me live via webcam from Manhattan Beach


Knowing Maria like you do, what is your reaction first of all?


I was shocked. I was expecting her to say that there was some kind of


good news on the front as far as the DNA is concerned. It turns out that


this is what is going on. Is that shock to me and all of Manhattan


Beach and I'm sure most of Russia. It is upsetting for everyone


concerned, including Maria. There are so many questions, broad


questions. But I have two state first but if someone tests positive


for a drug, they need to have this examined fully and be given a


penalty. She is going to receive a penalty, it's just how harsh is this


penalty going to be? Will they ruin this lady's Korea for an innocent


mistake? -- career. Not everybody thinks this


is an innocent mistake, there may be a complete diverging in the amount


of sympathy for her. Going back to when you were coaching for her, did


you have any indication that she needed to take medication?


She needed to take whatever she needed to take to not get the flu.


She had a low immunity system and how hearts... She would have to stop


every 13 or 14 minutes of practice and get a drink. It wasn't going to


work. We tailored her to her coach which made her perfect. She was sent


to me to work on strategy. The first thing we determined was she would


not be able to win on clay or hard court for many years. We have two


strategically go after grass and that will be her first grandson


victory because of how frail she was. -- grand slam.


How could this happen given Maria Sharapova is such a huge star and


high earner? How could it escape the notice of a team around her? That


team paid to do their job to notify her that this was a banned


substance. That is the major question. I don't


understand how the doctor prescribing it to her doesn't tell


her it is about to become illegal. How her physical trainer doesn't


have that Flash card in his pocket. It should be in his pocket so every


they go to dinner is looking on labels, every time he is buying


groceries. He is issue -- labels, every time he is buying


sushi chef and he should be all over this. There way too many people


talking about new drugs out there. The agency should have informed her.


I think also the WTA, she is huge for tourism boards and present


directors. They should have says she has been forthright about taking


this drug, it's not legal any more. Don't take it!


What lies ahead for Maria Sharapova in the light of this?


She has to get through this appeals process. What is so upsetting for


Maria is that she was on the edge already. She had so many injuries


and so much stuff going on. Serena is her nemesis. You can see how got


wrenched she is she loses to Serena. Starting every match ahead and


Serena right by her like a train going through a small town. It is


gut-wrenching for her. Every time she comes back home, she needs to


take a few days off and it is mental, not physical. She says she


has an injury, but it is mental. She is getting beat up mentally. A two


year ban would finish her, and everybody needs to know that.


Including the anti-doping agency who say they would be sympathetic. I


believe that this drug, had she taken it for eight or nine years,


should have been grandfathered in. They should have given her a chance


to get out of her system. She didn't play a tournament before and she


hasn't played a tournament after. There are rules in this wallet that


I can read about therapeutic use exemption, which she could backdate.


I think that even if she submits this and they refuse it, it still


helps in reducing her sentence. I do think she should be punished because


she broke the rule, don't get me wrong, but I don't think that Maria


Sharapova should be at the guillotine right now.


Jeff, thank you for your time. The Governor of the Bank of England,


Mark Carney, has said Britain's membership of the European Union has


helped the UK economy grow, and praised the benefits of access


to the European single market. His remarks have infuriated those


who want Britain to leave the EU following a referendum


on the issue in June. Worse-than-expected trade figures


from China have reinforced fears that the country's leaders


will struggle to meet their In February, exports were down


by a quarter compared with the same month last year -


the biggest fall in six years. Republican voters are casting


their ballots in four US states today, of which Michigan will be


the most significant in determining Donald Trump is hoping


to solidify his lead in the Republican race


for the White House, but his opponents are optimistic


about slowing his advance. The Democrat frontrunner,


Hillary Clinton, will face Bernie Sanders in Michigan


and Mississippi. A Dutchman nicknamed the "Dentist


of Horror" has gone on trial in France on charges of deliberately


mutilating mouths of more Jacobus van Nierop is accused


of taking out healthy teeth and causing horrific injuries


to dozens of patients. He fled to Canada when suspicions


arose, but was later extradited It is many people'sworst nightmare.


An out-of-control dentist. And today Jacobus van Nierop went on trial for


mutilating the teeth and gums of more than 100 patients. He had come


to practice in this picturesque part of Burgundy which, like much of


Robert Frank, is poorly served for dental care. Evil were happy with


the big Dutchman, but then the horror stories began. -- Rauball


France. -- people. There are various different cases,


including first glance, burst sinuses, cheeks beading restaged


with the gums, and tools been left inside gums. Having looked at all


the cases, it seems to me she had a system in place. Patients went for a


checkup, were under anaesthetic for five or six hours and were groggy.


This lady now heads and Association of victims. She says she went for a


problem with a filling and came out -2-macro teeth. But hers was far


from the worst. Mr Van Nierop fled to Canada when the stories about him


got to persistent. But he was extradited to stand trial. Victims


they get is significant. For my clients, we hope to get an


explanation. To understand how he has been able to behave in such a


way. Today we have no explanation. It is important to first understand


will be have regrets, remorse,? Maybe, but at least we will


understand. Did he create dental problems in order to solve them and


earn more money? Did he enjoy the power, or was he just incompetent?


He mutilated victims want answers. One Israeli has been killed


and several others injured in a series of stabbing


attacks near the sea front Police are said to have


shot dead the attacker, This comes as US Vice President


Joe Biden is in Israel, and has been attending


an event nearby. Yolanda Knell is in


Jerusalem for us. What do we know about what happened?


There was a series of stabbings in Jaffa. They began in the port area


which is very popular with tourists and locals. What we have now been


told by Israeli police is that the person who was killed was an


American tourist. A video has been shed on social media, shot with a


mobile phone, which shows the attacker running away from the scene


in the direction of Tel Aviv along the waterfront. He is trying to stab


people in cars as he goes. There is a policeman in pursuit and the


attacker was shot and killed. We don't have much information about


him, but we have now been told that he was a 22-year-old Palestinian man


who came from the north of the West Bank. That will raise questions


about how come he happened to be in Israel. This attack took place at a


time when there was very heavy police presence in the area because


the US vice President, Joe Biden, had just arrived in Israel and made


his way to Jaffa to the Centre for peace, which is where he met the


former is really President and Nobel Peace Prize winner.


Since October, there has been a wave of attacks. Many people have died.


How tight is security generally? Well, you certainly see a lot more


security around the country. You also see people taking security into


their own hands. There are more Israeli citizens who are armed, for


example. What has made it very difficult to police against these


attacks is the fact they are often carried out by Palestinians who are


identified as what police called Lone Wolves. They carry out these


attacks without the backing of Palestinian militant groups. We have


had since October more than 180 Palestinians killed, most of whom


Israel says were carrying out attacks. Two Americans have been


killed in this wave of violence. Thank you.


All the big car makers recognise that huge changes are on the way.


Some believe the future is driverless, electric vehicles -


cheap and available at the push of a button.


It's this revolution that has town planners rethinking the urban


So, could the future be green and serene?


Or are we just too attached to our trusty motors?


Our Home Editor, Mark Easton, has this special report.


Garden villages, households rise and shine...


The suburbs promised the rural idyll close to the big city.


Instead of leafy streets and beautiful gardens,


what we got was cars, cars, and more cars.


Maybe new technology like driverless electric vehicles and Uber-style


taxi apps means that rather than having your own car,


which is pared up 95% of the time, we simply press a button


and summon what you , far cheaper, when you need it.


And just think how that might change the places we live in.


This is a Capthorne Avenue in Harrow, a classic suburban street.


Take the cars out of the picture, lay some grass, plants some trees,


the cluttered road becomes a green space.


A community resource where children can play and neighbours can meet.


Instead of the private car, people only use their car


It's a model that politicians in London took a close interest


in as a way of dealing with the housing crisis.


And the design consultancy behind the proposals have even come up


The point about this self driven car is that it takes up much less space


It's smaller, and it's not there when you don't need it.


But people really like having their car just outside,


And when they get used to the new technologies,


it will be just like whistling for your dog.


We tried the idea on the residents of the Avenue.


No. No, no, no.


Do you really need a car? Yes, we need it!


Every day? Every day.


Even if I don't need it, I like to see it.


Taking cars out of cities is hardly new.


In southern Germany, they started closing central streets


But now the idea has spread to residential neighbourhoods,


You can't have a car if you live here.


You can't park it outside your house.


You have to put it in the multi-story of the estate


So, people moved here thinking they would need a car,


but very quickly have just given it up.


They realise after a while, they don't need to own one.


It might seem a long way from the streets of Harrow today,


but if technology can provide all the convenience and independence


of a car without having to own one, then perhaps suburban Britain


It's been two years since the disappearance of flight MH370


from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, with the loss of 239 people.


Malaysian and Australian authorities say they still remain hopeful


But despite the continuing search of a vast area


in the Southern Indian Ocean, the international investigation team


says exactly what happened to the plane is still a mystery.


A group of relatives of those on board have held prayers


Wherever they gathered, they are watched.


Even here in the grounds of a Beijing temple.


On the second anniversary of the aircraft's disappearance,


Chinese police, both uniformed and plainclothes,


monitor and photograph the relatives of those on board.


TRANSLATION: They threaten and intimidate me.


They have been to my home to harass me.


I can't understand why they treat us like this.


Two years after the disappearance of their loved ones,


the families are still at the raft of information and explanation.


They feel abandoned by the Malaysian government, and continuously


corralled and controlled by the Chinese authorities.


This week, just ahead of the two year deadline,


some of the families filed lawsuits against Malaysian airlines.


They've refused the compensation on offer,


and say they want the company to answer in court instead.


Ling Xai Lan lost her 27-year-old son.


Like many others, she says she can't except that he's dead.


TRANSLATION: Mum is waiting for you to come home.


I hope the countries will offer peace, and cherished life can


Their main grievance is with Malaysian, of course.


But China does not encourage public gatherings and


as long as the grief and anger endure, so,


But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


Good evening. Tuesday has been grey and drab, but relatively quiet.


Things are about to turn it a lot livelier tonight and tomorrow. Some


heavy rain, gales in places and snow over


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