09/03/2016 World News Today


09/03/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:08.

The headlines: A rare royal rebuttal from Buckingham Palace over alleged

:00:09.:00:11.

Claims in a newspaper that Queen Elizabeth wants Britain

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to leave the European Union are being strongly denied.

:00:17.:00:19.

The main route for migrants trying to reach northern Europe

:00:20.:00:21.

is effectively shut down as Macedonia closes its border with

:00:22.:00:24.

Tributes for the man who shaped the Beatles' sound from the very

:00:25.:00:37.

beginning - their producer, George Martin, who's died

:00:38.:00:39.

And a spectacular treat for sky-watchers in Indonesia -

:00:40.:00:45.

the best country in the world to witness this rare solar eclipse.

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We start with an official complaint from Buckingham Palace,

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about a report in Britain's Sun newspaper, which claimed the Queen

:01:06.:01:08.

had expressed strong doubts about the UK's place in Europe.

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The paper said the Queen made her opinion known to the then

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Deputy Prime Minister at a lunch at Windsor Castle in 2011.

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The BBC's royal correspondent, Nicholas Witchell, reports.

:01:19.:01:23.

As many focused on the marriage and Kate Middleton, the Queen at Windsor

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Castle was letting rip about the European Union. That at least is the

:01:42.:01:45.

claim from an anonymous source to the Song. Alongside a front-page

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deadline, greenbacks breaks it, the Song claims that at a lunch at

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Windsor the monarch believed the EU was heading in the wrong direction.

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The paper says the lunch was attended by the Ven Deputy Prime

:02:00.:02:02.

Minister Nick Clegg, to whom the remarks were principally directed,

:02:03.:02:07.

and a handful of other ministers. But today Mr Clegg said he had no

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recollection of such a conversation. I think it's appalling that the

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people who want to drag the UK out of the European Union are now trying

:02:17.:02:22.

to drag the European referendum debate. As for the story in the

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Sunni, it's Sunni, it's nonsense, it's not true, I couldn't clearer.

:02:27.:02:34.

King Palace initially stressed the Queen's political neutrality. Later

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it confirmed it was making a complaint about the story to the

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press standards organisation. But the paper said...

:02:42.:02:51.

Might this have been the occasion at the centre of the story? The Court

:02:52.:02:58.

circular shows that in early April 2011 there was a meeting of the

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Privy Council at Windsor attended by Mr Clegg and Michael Gove, who was

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then the Education Secretary, and several other ministers. None has

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made any comment today. So what are we to make of this? The Queen does

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ask questions, she makes observations on occasions, but she

:03:17.:03:20.

doesn't take over the political positions. Her officials point to 64

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years of pretty pumped years neutrality. They say any idea that

:03:31.:03:33.

she would take sides in anyway in the EU referendum is simply wrong.

:03:34.:03:40.

With me is Andrew Blake, a constitutional historian at Kings

:03:41.:03:44.

College, London. What do you make of this report and furore? It engages a

:03:45.:03:49.

very important constitutional issue fundamental to the way in which

:03:50.:03:54.

British democracy and our monarchy functions. That is that the monarchy

:03:55.:03:59.

should not be seen publicly to get involved in matters of political

:04:00.:04:03.

controversy on one side or the other. The monarchy is supposed to

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keep out of these things. You say this is vitally important that the

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Queen would not be seen to have any persuasion one way or the other on

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this sort of matter? That's exactly it and that's why the Palace are

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taking this so seriously. This is such an important issue, such a

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divisive issue, that the monarchy cannot be seen to be siding on one

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side or the other, whatever the Queen may think privately. How

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unusual is it for Buckingham Palace to come out of this weight and rebut

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these comments and the report about what she may have said or may not

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have said? Very unusual and they have a general policy of not getting

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involved. It shows how seriously this is being taken. How much

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privacy does the Queen have two express what she feels about matters

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in politics and elsewhere? What is private for her? Where does the

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boundary like? There's a clear understanding that although the

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Queen doesn't become publicly involved in controversial matters,

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she's entitled to warn ministers, to consult and advise ministers, to

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have with ministers in private. She has a weekly audience with the Prime

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Minister in which all manner of things can come up. There's a

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convention around this that nobody breaks ranks and actually brings

:05:21.:05:23.

into the public domain things they are told by the Queen. In terms of

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talking to the public, we've had reaction to something she said about

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Scotland and the referendum about Scotland's remaining in the UK.

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What's the difference between the Queen talking to a minister or the

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Deputy Prime Minister and a member of the public? An important

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difference is also that the Queen at that time was saying this is a

:05:46.:05:50.

serious decision that needs to be taken seriously. You may attach an

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interpretation to that... She wanted Scotland to stay. Some people

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attached that, but she didn't say that, she said this should be taken

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seriously, which you can't argue with. If she's saying the referendum

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in Europe needs to be taken seriously, that's one thing. If

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she's expressing a view that we should perhaps leave, which I'm not

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saying is her view, but that's the insinuation, that's a different

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matter. Thank you. Elsewhere in Europe,

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Macedonia says it will no longer let any migrants through its

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border with Greece - blocking the main route for people

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trying to seek asylum. Tensions are high among

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the thousands stranded at the Greek-Macedonian border,

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which is now closed. Our correspondent, Christian Fraser,

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is at Idomeni and has walked the last mile with some

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of the migrants. Thousands of migrants have walked

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through Greece and Macedonia and on into Central Europe. But in recent

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weeks, many of the countries along that route have started applying

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tighter restrictions. The border between Greece and Macedonia has

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been closed and it looks as if it will stay closed. And yet still they

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arrive in huge numbers. So who are they and why do they come? We will

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walk the last mind -- mile of this journey and find out a bit more

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about their stories. What has life been like

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for Yazidis in Iraq? TRANSLATION: Absolutely difficult,

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there's no life there, only war. 4,500 women were raped

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and a lot of men were killed. Have you heard of the

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conditions at Idomeni? The conditions are really bad,

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only God can help us. TRANSLATION: It's very important

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to have the right documents, and even with the right documents,

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they're kind of useless My wife is already in Austria

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and I tried to go through the family reunion route, but I've been waiting

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for a long time so I decided to make this journey to try

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and join her in Austria. There's not many people to help,

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but that guy is holding my daughter. So God sent him to help me,

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he's from Syria. We're walking again,

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we must keep walking. We've been walking for an hour. We

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are in sight of the camp. These are the outskirts of the camp. You can

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see the Kents in the fields. There's a whole process these people have to

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go through. They have to register at the camp, get a number, the numbers

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are called to the gate one by one, in order. We've heard while we've

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been on the road today from the Macedonian police on the other side

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that they've closed the border completely. These things fluctuate

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and these people will hope the border might well open, but right

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now, it seems this might be a futile journey and they could be sitting

:09:48.:09:49.

here for days, possibly weeks. A Greek far-right MEP

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has been thrown out of the European Parliament

:09:52.:09:53.

after comparing the Turkish To applause, the parliament's

:09:54.:09:55.

President Martin Schultz announced the immediate expulsion

:09:56.:10:09.

of Golden Dawn MEP Eletherios Mr Schultz said his comments

:10:10.:10:11.

had "crossed red lines" The MEP gathered up his

:10:12.:10:17.

belongings and was escorted You've probably been

:10:18.:10:22.

following the story of one of London's most audacious

:10:23.:10:33.

jewellery heists last Easter. Now four of the men behind

:10:34.:10:35.

the Hatton Garden raid have been The gang got away with ?14 million

:10:36.:10:38.

in cash and jewels. The re-enforced wall,

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more than a metre thick, that the Hatton Garden gang bored

:10:43.:10:48.

through with a diamond-tipped drill. Once inside, they ripped open

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73 safe deposit boxes, stuffing the diamonds, jewels,

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watches, cash and gold bullion into wheelie bins

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for ease of transport. They made away with ?14 million

:11:02.:11:03.

worth last Easter Bank Holiday Today, most of the Hatton Garden

:11:04.:11:06.

gang learnt their punishment. 77-year-old Brian Reader was too

:11:07.:11:14.

unwell to be sentenced yesterday, but Terry Perkins was given

:11:15.:11:18.

seven years in prison, so was Kenny Collins

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and the fourth ringleader, Jones' friend, Carl Wood,

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who lost his nerve halfway But William Lincoln who helped store

:11:25.:11:30.

the loot loot got seven years. Hugh Doyle, the plumber who helped

:11:31.:11:36.

move the stolen property, Each will serve only half

:11:37.:11:38.

their sentence actually in prison. There may be people out there that

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feel a little bit of sympathy in relation to those that

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were sentenced today. However, these were all career

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callous criminals who had no thought in relation to the property

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that they actually stole ?4 million worth of stolen jewellery

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and cash was found by police, some buried in a North London

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graveyard, but ?10 million Also missing is the mysterious Basil

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who worked with the gang, He's now the Flying

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Squad's most wanted man. The gang gave few clues

:12:14.:12:20.

in their police interviews. Secretly filmed here

:12:21.:12:39.

by undercover detectives, discussing the heist in the pub,

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the gang had an average age of 63, so why were they still

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committing crime? Noel 'Razor' Smith, himself

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a lifetime criminal, though now reformed,

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knows some of the men and says they probably did it

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for the thrill of it. Being a professional criminal,

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crime can be very addictive. When you're a career

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criminal, that's your thing. No matter how old you get and how

:13:07.:13:10.

much money you've got, you still get a, sort of,

:13:11.:13:12.

a yearning to be on the front-line The judge today described this

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burglary as "unprecedented" in its ambition and the value

:13:17.:13:21.

of property stolen so the sentences are extremely high and things could

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get worse for the Hatton Garden gang next year they'll be asked to give

:13:26.:13:29.

the money back or spend even A Ukrainian military pilot on trial

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for complicity in the death of two Russian journalists has

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denounced her trial in a Russian Nadyia Savchenko has vowed

:13:47.:13:48.

to continue her hunger strike, now in its fifth day, until charges

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against her are dropped. Russian prosecutors allege

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she coordinated this mortar attack in eastern Ukraine, in which two

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Russian journalists and other Today's hearing sparked

:13:57.:13:59.

more protests outside Tom Burridge reports

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from Kiev in a moment, but first here's Sarah Rainsford

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outside the court in Donetsk. It was a fairly short session

:14:10.:14:13.

of court today in southern Russia, Nadyia Savchenko has been on hunger

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strike now for five days, but she managed to walk into court

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herself and at one point she jumped and showed her middle

:14:23.:14:30.

finger to the judge, a gesture of defiance, but also,

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she said, showing what she thinks She then had a translator read

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out a formal statement She said that Russia had no justice,

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that this trial is a farce We've heard from the EU

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and the US this week, both calling on Russia to drop

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the charges against Nadyia Savchenko and to return her to Ukraine,

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saying this is an unjust trial. Russia has said this is a criminal

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proceeding and that the outside world, the West, should not

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try to influence Russian courts. Nadyia Savchenko is

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a Russian military officer. She is accused of complicity

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in the deaths of two Russian journalists during the fighting

:15:11.:15:13.

in eastern Ukraine. Her lawyers, over the course

:15:14.:15:16.

of several months, have shown evidence that they say proves

:15:17.:15:19.

she was actually captured before She is still on hunger strike

:15:20.:15:21.

and she's vowed to stay on hunger strike until the verdict

:15:22.:15:30.

is delivered or until, But that verdict now

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won't come until March 21st. Her lawyers have warned that

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unless she is force-fed, The case of Nadyia Savchenko has

:15:39.:15:40.

become much more than just one woman's claim of innocence

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in a Russian courtroom. This is the Russian

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Embassy in central Kiev. There's paint on the walls

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from previous protests. Further down, you can see

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all the signs and the heavy police These people here today,

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the protestors who have come out to the Russian Embassy,

:16:10.:16:15.

and across Ukraine, see her as a symbol of defiance,

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a symbol of hope, in the face of what a lot of Ukrainians believe

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is Russian aggression. We came here today because Nadyia

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Savchenko is a symbol of Ukraine. She shows the Russian citizens

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and the Russian government that Thank God we have such a hero

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who can, despite all the trials, despite all the hardships

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she faces at the moment, she can freely express her opinion

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and she's not definitely broken. These people really see

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Nadyia Savchenko as someone who represents the fight in Ukraine

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for true independence, true sovereignty, from their larger

:16:59.:17:01.

neighbour, Russia. In the world of music,

:17:02.:17:17.

Sir George Martin was revered His death, at the age of 90, has

:17:18.:17:19.

been followed by countless tributes. Paul McCartney described him

:17:20.:17:23.

as the fifth Beatle, acknowledging George Martin's

:17:24.:17:25.

pivotal role in taking the Fab Four's raw talent

:17:26.:17:27.

and turning them into Over seven decades, he worked

:17:28.:17:29.

with many of the most successful George Martin was 15 years older

:17:30.:17:45.

than most of the Beatles, much more experience and had been trained as a

:17:46.:17:50.

classical musician. By 1962 when he first saw the Beatles, he already

:17:51.:17:53.

had seven years of experience and had already had numerous hit

:17:54.:17:57.

records. He really knew the pop music business in the UK and the

:17:58.:18:01.

Beatles, as talented as they were, were still very, very young. Give

:18:02.:18:06.

the black -- classical background make the difference when it combined

:18:07.:18:17.

with this war force of pop music? That background helped, but George

:18:18.:18:19.

Martin had a very good understanding of what the formulas were for

:18:20.:18:21.

putting together pop songs in that era. That's one of the most

:18:22.:18:24.

important thing is he taught the Beatles. They had the talent, but he

:18:25.:18:27.

had the ability to pull it together to something that would be

:18:28.:18:30.

immediately successful. Were they sceptical at first with what he was

:18:31.:18:34.

trying to do? A little bit. There's a story George Martin used to love

:18:35.:18:39.

to tell. If there's anything you don't like tell me. George Harrison

:18:40.:18:43.

said, I don't like your tie. They were always pushing back on anything

:18:44.:18:48.

trying to control them. But they had a very healthy respect for him. The

:18:49.:18:54.

students on your carts -- course, what part do they see him as having

:18:55.:19:00.

played? The fifth Beatle? Probably not because the Beatles have become

:19:01.:19:05.

such iconic faces, larger-than-life in many ways. George Martin was

:19:06.:19:09.

always behind-the-scenes. By the time they get to the end of the

:19:10.:19:12.

course, they know how important George Martin was to the group. As

:19:13.:19:17.

their music evolved, how did George Martin's input change? The Beatles

:19:18.:19:22.

began to change from being craftsmen, trying to repeat the same

:19:23.:19:26.

formula, to being artists, where they didn't want to repeat. They

:19:27.:19:30.

were always trying new things and somebody had to tell them how to get

:19:31.:19:34.

new effects in the studio. George Martin was in charge of that. What

:19:35.:19:41.

would he do? Backward tape affects. Being for the benefit of Mr Kite,

:19:42.:19:45.

they took a tape of the Steve Morgan, threw it into bits, threw it

:19:46.:19:50.

up in the air, take them together and created a background wash. This

:19:51.:19:53.

is the kind of thing George Martin thought up when John Lennon said he

:19:54.:19:59.

wanted to sound like the Dalai Lama singing from the mountaintop. How do

:20:00.:20:00.

you do that? Tens of thousands of people have

:20:01.:20:04.

been holding protests across France against a new labour

:20:05.:20:07.

law being brought in by The reform to the country's labour

:20:08.:20:09.

code is meant to give greater flexibility to employers,

:20:10.:20:13.

so they'll be more willing to take But opponents say it's an erosion

:20:14.:20:15.

of longstanding social rights. The biggest demonstration

:20:16.:20:19.

was in Paris and Hugh Schofield At the end of today there will be

:20:20.:20:25.

the normal numbers game to see how many people have turned up for this

:20:26.:20:28.

protest against the government's new labour law. I would say it's a

:20:29.:20:34.

pretty big turnout, but maybe not quite as much as the organisers

:20:35.:20:38.

would have liked. Maybe the bad weather has something to do with it.

:20:39.:20:45.

Most people here are young people. Students, university students, and

:20:46.:20:49.

they say they will be the first in line if this reform goes through.

:20:50.:20:54.

Just to remind you what this government reform is about, it's

:20:55.:20:59.

about a change to the labour code. The government wants to reassure

:21:00.:21:05.

business to take on more staff by removing some of the protection

:21:06.:21:10.

enjoyed by workers up to now. For examples there would be a ceiling on

:21:11.:21:16.

the amount of fines courts could impose on companies in the case of

:21:17.:21:21.

wrongful dismissal, for example. The aim is to combat the country's

:21:22.:21:26.

punishingly high unemployment, but young people are saying that when

:21:27.:21:30.

they hit the jobs market, they will be the first to suffer. They'll be

:21:31.:21:35.

condemned to a life of job insecurity. Precariousness. That's a

:21:36.:21:42.

long way from the idea of social progress which of course is so dear

:21:43.:21:44.

to the French left. A pioneering procedure for treating

:21:45.:21:48.

the leading cause of blindness has been successful in helping

:21:49.:21:50.

children in China to see. Around 20 million people worldwide

:21:51.:21:53.

are blind because of cataracts, which is the clouding

:21:54.:21:55.

of the eye's lens. It's normally treated

:21:56.:21:59.

by implanting a lens, but the new technique activates stem

:22:00.:22:01.

cells in the eye to grow a new one. It was trialled in China

:22:02.:22:07.

amongst 12 children, where the regenerated lens grew

:22:08.:22:09.

to a normal size in eight months. Our health and science reporter,

:22:10.:22:12.

James Gallagher, explains. If you imagine light comes

:22:13.:22:14.

in your eye through the pupil, the little black dot in the middle

:22:15.:22:17.

of your eye and just behind When that becomes cloudy,

:22:18.:22:20.

and it's no longer able to focus the light onto the back of the eye

:22:21.:22:24.

to allow you to see. That's why there are millions

:22:25.:22:27.

of people around the world So the best treatment at the moment

:22:28.:22:29.

is to use ultrasound to break up the lens and then you just wash it

:22:30.:22:34.

out and then you put in an implant. Now that works really

:22:35.:22:38.

well for older people. It's less successful,

:22:39.:22:39.

although still the best thing So the idea here was to try

:22:40.:22:41.

something completely different. So they go in and they remove

:22:42.:22:45.

the cataract, which is that blue bit But what they do is they leave

:22:46.:22:50.

the rest, the outside So they just take it out

:22:51.:22:54.

through a tiny little hole. The thing is, that capsule,

:22:55.:22:57.

the outer surface of the lens, is covered in these regenerative

:22:58.:23:01.

cells which would normally heal minor bits of damage,

:23:02.:23:03.

but actually if, if you keep them intact, then they can repair

:23:04.:23:06.

the entire lens when left That's what they've just

:23:07.:23:08.

done in these children. Indonesians have been treated

:23:09.:23:17.

to a rare solar eclipse - that's when the moon passes

:23:18.:23:19.

in front of the sun, Indonesia was the best country

:23:20.:23:22.

in the world to see the spectacle. People in Belitung had

:23:23.:23:26.

a particularly good view. Foreign and local tourists have

:23:27.:23:36.

flocked to this small island to catch one of the best views of the

:23:37.:23:44.

rare solar eclipse. Cheers of excitement and then silence. You can

:23:45.:23:53.

tell. The shades are different and the colours become different. Even

:23:54.:23:58.

the temperature gets a bit lower. You cannot compare it with something

:23:59.:24:11.

else. It's very special. You see the curl on the diamond. The noise of

:24:12.:24:21.

the sea comes back. It's loud. Before that it's so silent. For many

:24:22.:24:29.

in Indonesia it was deeply spiritual. Across the diverse

:24:30.:24:34.

cultures of this archipelago, there are many myths and beliefs about the

:24:35.:24:41.

solar eclipse. I'm so happy but also frightened. I have mixed feelings. I

:24:42.:24:46.

am frightened by the darkness and I'm scared. It's an omen of

:24:47.:24:49.

something bad happening in the future. Like more natural disaster.

:24:50.:24:56.

But the event has given the island economy a major boost. We already

:24:57.:25:09.

sold out since October last year. Mostly the guests are coming from

:25:10.:25:14.

outside Indonesia. In some places officials have had to find extra

:25:15.:25:18.

space for tourists on boats. People not wanting to miss it. Quite

:25:19.:25:27.

exciting and quite incredible. Once-in-a-lifetime maybe. Scientists

:25:28.:25:31.

have also flocked to Indonesia, using the event to study solar

:25:32.:25:39.

physics. The next one is in 18 months' time in North America.

:25:40.:25:44.

Buckingham Palace has complained to the British press watchdog over a

:25:45.:25:47.

newspaper story claiming Queen Elizabeth supports Britain's except

:25:48.:25:51.

from the European Union. The palace said the Queen remained politically

:25:52.:25:52.

neutral. But for now from me and the rest

:25:53.:25:56.

of the team, goodbye.

:25:57.:26:00.

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