10/03/2016 World News Today


10/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alpa Patel.

:00:00.:00:00.

It's a story that's gripped South Africa and beyond.

:00:00.:00:09.

A woman has been found guilty of kidnapping a baby girl

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who was reunited 17 years later with her biological family.

:00:13.:00:20.

Air accident investigators in the UK say there wasn't a proper risk

:00:21.:00:23.

assessment at the Shoreham show where a plane crashed,

:00:24.:00:25.

After the Sun newspaper stands by its claims that the Queen backs

:00:26.:00:32.

a Brexit, we look at whether the relationship

:00:33.:00:33.

between royalty and media has changed again.

:00:34.:00:39.

And the US and Canada now the best of neighbours,

:00:40.:00:41.

It's an incerdible story which reads like the plot to a film.

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Today a South African woman has been found guilty of kidnapping a newborn

:01:16.:01:18.

The girl, known as Zephany, was snatched from her mother's

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bedside in hospital, but was reunited with her family

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last year after making friends with a girl at her school to whom

:01:25.:01:27.

This woman's baby she named Zephany, stolen from her hospital

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Now, 20 years later, Celeste Nurse is seeing justice.

:01:34.:01:40.

The woman who snatched her baby convicted at last.

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But it was left to the child's biological grandmother to speak

:01:46.:01:47.

For years, Zephany's biological parents, who went

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on to have other children, still celebrated their missing

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daughter's birthday every year, never giving up that they would see

:02:02.:02:04.

Then, at school last year, in a remarkable twist of fate,

:02:05.:02:10.

their younger daughter befriended a girl who looked just like her.

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Extraordinary, too, was that here, just a short distance

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lived the woman who kidnapped the baby all those years back.

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Today, before she was convicted, the woman, who cannot be identified

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for legal reasons, told me she was sorry but claimed that

:02:34.:02:36.

Zephany, who now uses a different name, still loved her.

:02:37.:02:39.

We didn't see each other for this whole year, but she

:02:40.:02:41.

What is also astonishing, her own husband never

:02:42.:02:50.

We still have that bond, even though this is happening

:02:51.:03:00.

Throughout the case, the 51 year old accused insisted

:03:01.:03:04.

the baby girl had been given to her by a stranger.

:03:05.:03:09.

In convicting the accused, who has a history of miscarriages, the judge

:03:10.:03:13.

said he was astonished at her conduct.

:03:14.:03:18.

He said her story was a fairy tale, she deceived everyone,

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You don't have to be a rocket scientist, he said,

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to know that you can't buy a baby in South Africa.

:03:25.:03:29.

Absent from the court has been Zephany Nurse herself,

:03:30.:03:32.

now a young woman, sitting exams, and getting on with life.

:03:33.:03:34.

How she will be affected by this extraordinary turn of events

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You can find out more about that case on our website.

:03:38.:03:56.

In August last year, 11 people were killed when a plane

:03:57.:03:59.

crashed during the Shoreham Airshow in south-east England.

:04:00.:04:00.

Today, air accident investigators branch says a proper risk assessment

:04:01.:04:03.

had not been done before the jet took to the air.

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Our transport correspondent Richard Westcott reports.

:04:06.:04:10.

Seven months on and it's still shocking.

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The day a vintage jet came down on a packed road,

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But could tighter safety rules have stop this happening?

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-- But could tighter safety rules have stopped this happening?

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The report describes weaknesses in the

:04:29.:04:29.

The man in charge of safety didn't know the pilot's display routine.

:04:30.:04:34.

He is not required to but the report says it meant he couldn't judge how

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The risk assessment is described as having

:04:39.:04:41.

deficiencies despite being approved by the regulator.

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For the victims' families, it is yet another blow.

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For it to basically be in black and white that his manoeuvre

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discussed or planned, or was never set in stone that this

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is what he would be doing when he got into that

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It has stumped me quite a bit, actually.

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Investigators also found aircraft breaking flying rules.

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This is the same plane at Shoreham the year before.

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It is not permitted to stray over busy areas, but it did.

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You can see the train just going past,

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Now, in that display in 2014, the report

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said that the Hunter pulled a tight turn over this town.

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Then investigators checked other aircraft

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at Shoreham and other airshows and found there were plenty straying

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The Civil Aviation Authority writes the rules or airshows and it said,

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-- The Civil Aviation Authority writes the rules for airshows and it

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said, "We have confirmed a series of new measures to enhance airshow

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safety this year and beyond, including making sure all airshows

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conduct enhanced risk assessments before they can be permitted to take

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Everybody involved in this business are hugely experienced

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aviators and nobody I know would ever wish to compromise safety

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More than 6 million people visit an airshow

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Many are charity events run by volunteers.

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The Shoreham crash could have a big impact on dozens of other airshows.

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Extra rules and a doubling of charges from the CAA could force

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If the increases are implemented the way the CAA would like them

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to be then I would see no option but to cancel the show because we're

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not going to make the money we would like to make

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and if that is the case then, yeah, I don't

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see a future for the Throckmorton airshow.

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Back in Shoreham, families are still waiting for the final

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report that will tell them once and for all

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A woman has flown from Turkey to France with a four-year-old child

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The girl was discovered when passengers noticed the bag

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It's thought the woman was trying to adopt the child from Haiti,

:07:13.:07:20.

Aung San Suu Kyi has finally been ruled out of the running to become

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Her party, which won the last election has put

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Ms Suu Kyi is barred from becoming president under the military-drafted

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constitution because her sons have foreign passports.

:07:42.:07:46.

Rubbish is starting to pile up in the Spanish city of Malaga

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as a strike by refuse collectors is now in its 10th day.

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Concerns have been raised that the smell and mess could put

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off tourists ahead of the Easter holiday.

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Rubbish collectors from the partly state-owned waste management company

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Limasa are on strike over wages and working conditions.

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The personal details of more than 20,000 people who've signed up

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to so-called Islamic State have been leaked.

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The documents were stored on a memory stick handed

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It's said to include home addresses and phone numbers of fighters

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Here's our security correspondent Gordon Corera.

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The group calling itself Islamic State has drawn in thousands

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of recruits from around the world, including many from Britain.

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And now, a unique insight has emerged

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It comes in these documents, smuggled out by a former member

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and obtained by some media organisations.

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The BBC has seen only a few of them but they look to be

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personnel records, effectively application forms for those

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The questions to fill out range from the

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standard name, date of birth and blood type,

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"Have you done jihad before, and where?"

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and "Do you want to be a fighter or a suicide bomber?"

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The German government today confirmed it had received a copy

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TRANSLATION: In the opinion of the security services,

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these documents are, in all probability, authentic.

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They show how conscientious this criminal organisation is and,

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in part at least, how effective it is.

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The documents are reported to include details of 16 Britons,

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including Junaid Hussain and Reyaad Khan, both killed

:09:44.:09:46.

Hundreds more Britons have gone out and these documents are only thought

:09:47.:09:52.

to cover a period from late 2013 into early 2014.

:09:53.:09:58.

The security service, MI5 here, are not making

:09:59.:10:01.

any comment on these documents but the British authorities

:10:02.:10:04.

are thought to have been passed a copy and, if they do prove to be

:10:05.:10:08.

authentic, they could be a source of valuable intelligence.

:10:09.:10:13.

A former intelligence officer says the documents could help find those

:10:14.:10:15.

who have tried to evade the authorities.

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Clearly they will prompt or support investigations,

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particularly into people who have come back home and who may deny ever

:10:25.:10:27.

Now it is much harder to do that because clearly,

:10:28.:10:33.

although these records may not have been

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authenticated completely, they look highly genuine.

:10:36.:10:39.

IS may aspire to act like a state, even having its own personnel

:10:40.:10:42.

department, but in this case, the desire for

:10:43.:10:45.

record-keeping could prove to be its weakness.

:10:46.:10:52.

The Sun newspaper has stood by its claim that the Queen supports

:10:53.:10:55.

a british exit from the European Union in this summer's referendum.

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-- a British exit from the European Union in

:11:04.:11:05.

It's also been critical, along with others,

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in recent weeks of the workload of the Duke of Cambridge,

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So does this mark another change in the royal family's relationship

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With me to answer that question is the royal commentator

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Has the British press fallen out of love with the Royals? No, we have

:11:19.:11:35.

two different subjects. The Brexit story involves the Queen, and there

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has been no criticism of the Queen'sactions, it is more to do

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with a Privy Council member breaking their oath if the sun is to be

:11:47.:11:51.

believed. The issue of the chick of Cambridge is a different story. So,

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one part of that is the tradition of knocking down those we have

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previously celebrated. The press seem to be annoyed that the Duke of

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Cambridge is not playing the game in terms of giving access to his family

:12:09.:12:12.

for photographic sessions the way his father did. The Duke is keen to

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have his family life remain private. Is there anything in the allegation

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he is not pulling his weight? He has apparently done far less than his

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grandfather. It is not a fear comparison because this is the first

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area to the throne who has a proper job. The Duke of Cambridge works

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about two thirds of the hours of his colleagues but he has royal

:12:43.:12:45.

engagements at the same time so years trying to be -- he is trying

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to be everything to everyone. He is a well trained pilot, still going

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through exams as he did in the RAF, and also fulfilling royal functions,

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as we will see him do in the months leading up to the Queen's90th

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birthday. Have the papers be more negative towards the Royals

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recently? To the contrary. The monarchy is shorn not just here but

:13:16.:13:20.

around the world in its strongest position in years. That is due in

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part to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. We will see that with the

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Queen'sBuffy, the press will be praising the Queen and all of the

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Royal family. -- the Queen'sbirthday.

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Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is visiting Washington.

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It's the first official state visit, of a Canadian leader

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to the United States in nearly two decades.

:13:47.:13:48.

The two countries have the longest common border

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and the largest trading relationship in the world.

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In a joint news conference a short time ago, President Obama described

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the US and Canada as the closest of friends.

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In terms of our interests, our values, how we approach

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the world, few countries match up the way the United States

:14:00.:14:02.

Given our work together today, I can say,

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and I believe the Prime Minister would agree, that when it comes

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to the central challenges we face,

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our two nations are more closely aligned than ever.

:14:10.:14:11.

We want to make it easier to trade and invest with one another.

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The relationship, the friendship between our two countries goes far

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beyond any two individuals or any ideologies.

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I have tremendous confidence in the American people

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and look forward to working with whomever they choose to send

:14:26.:14:27.

The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has criticised Balkan

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countries for closing their borders to migrants trying to reach northern

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Mrs Merkel said EU countries could not simply leave

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the problem to Greece, where thousands of

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Austria insists the closure of the Balkan route is the only way

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to deter more migrants from crossing by boat from Turkey to Greece.

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The BBC's Danny Savage sent this report from a migrant camp

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in Idomeni on the Greek border with Macedonia.

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I was last at this camp at Idomeni on the border between Greece

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To return here, the conditions now can really be

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Heavy rain has been falling for the last

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24 hours, the place has turned into a mud bath and people

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are living in pretty terrible conditions.

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They were already living in tough conditions

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We have been talking to doctors here on site who say

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they are treating more and more children

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for illnesses, and more and more serious infections as time goes on.

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First of all, it was coughs and colds and minor illnesses,

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but things are getting more serious now.

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For the first time today as well, as we approached this camp,

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we found people leaving, people walking away.

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The message is slowly spreading that the border here has closed

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and it looks like it is closed for some

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So people have been walking away from the camp,

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heading in a different direction, maybe to a different camp in Greece,

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maybe to find people smugglers who they want to get them

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But the numbers are slowly dropping off.

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There are coaches here, too, offering to take people to other

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camps in Greece, but there are still many people here living

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in hope that this border will open at some point and,

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until they're convinced otherwise, they will stay here.

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Staying with politics and Britain will vote in June

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We've been looking at the costs and benefits of the EU by looking

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in detail at objects people encounter in their daily lives.

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Matthew Price has been taking a look at the clock.

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What does a clock tell us about the EU? Have you ever heard of Greenwich

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mean Time? Britain has been telling the world how to set its watches

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since 1884. Now time has taken on a distinctly European feel. Thanks to

:17:17.:17:21.

the working time directive. Eurosceptics hate it. It says that

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on average you cannot work more than 48 hours per week, that you get a

:17:31.:17:35.

living hours rest every single day and that you can take 28 days of

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holiday every year. For the working Time directive came in in 1998,

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there was no law here in Britain that made your employer give you any

:17:46.:17:54.

time of at all. -- time off. Here is a lorry and here are the simplified

:17:55.:18:05.

rules the driver must follow. EU clock watching doesn't apply to most

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jobs and most can opt out of the maximum 48 hours working week. At

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first that was just in the UK but now 15 other countries also use that

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opt out. Why? Because many people feel the working time directive

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isn't, well, working. It is a great example of how the EU itself can

:18:29.:18:34.

fail to work efficiently. Brussels wants to rework the directive, the

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28 states want to rewrite it, the European Parliament wants to rewrite

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it but they can't agree with how to do it so now we are stuck with it.

:18:47.:18:49.

Doctors in Britain say they've tested two drugs that can

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dramatically shrink and eliminate some breast cancers

:18:52.:18:53.

The combination therapy was trialled on more than 250

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After 11 days the cancer significantly shrank in most

:18:57.:18:59.

Earlier I spoke to James Gallagher, Health editor for News Online.

:19:00.:19:13.

For some people this seems to be incredibly effective, and it uses

:19:14.:19:20.

two highly targeted precision weapons in the cancer arsenal.

:19:21.:19:26.

Breast cancers are very different but one in ten have this week is

:19:27.:19:31.

because they are driven by a protein which is like fertiliser for cancer.

:19:32.:19:35.

If you take it away, it cannot survive. So these two drugs target

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that. When used in combination, it seems to have impressive result. In

:19:44.:19:50.

11 days, in 90% of patients, the cancer was shrinking. In 17% of

:19:51.:19:57.

cases, it was tiny, and in 11% of cases disappeared entirely. When can

:19:58.:20:04.

breast cancer patients see these drugs be made available to them? I

:20:05.:20:09.

think there will be much larger trials taking place quickly. One

:20:10.:20:13.

astounding thing is that doctors did not expect it to happen at all. They

:20:14.:20:17.

were just testing different combinations of drugs and then the

:20:18.:20:27.

short window of -- testing and accommodations of drugs in the short

:20:28.:20:31.

window between diagnosis and treatment. Now they will do a proper

:20:32.:20:35.

trial testing both drugs in combination. It raises a powerful

:20:36.:20:41.

prospect that if you can eliminate cancer with these drugs without

:20:42.:20:46.

surgery or chemotherapy, that could transform the way cancer is treated

:20:47.:20:48.

for some patients with breast cancer. There have been quite a few

:20:49.:20:54.

advancements in cancer, how does this compare? It is impressive. It

:20:55.:21:03.

is an interesting field in cancer research because all cancers are

:21:04.:21:07.

different but they have secular different week points. The field of

:21:08.:21:14.

cancer is moving away from thinking about breast cancer, or varying

:21:15.:21:19.

cancer, but thinking about the specific weaknesses in each cancer

:21:20.:21:26.

and this is about targeting those weaknesses. Yes, it only works for

:21:27.:21:31.

one in ten breast cancers at the moment, but start doing it for a lot

:21:32.:21:34.

of other cancers and it could be powerful.

:21:35.:21:36.

Today is BBC News School Report Day, when school children around

:21:37.:21:38.

the world get to make the news for real.

:21:39.:21:41.

Today students from Immaculata Secondary School in Soweto give

:21:42.:21:43.

a guided whistle-stop tour of their hometown.

:21:44.:21:44.

It's is a very different place from when the Apartheid regime shook

:21:45.:21:47.

We're students from Immaculata High School here in Soweto.

:21:48.:21:55.

It is home to Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the late Nelson Mandela

:21:56.:22:00.

We are in Orlando West, outside Hector Pieterson Museum,

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one of the most popular places in Soweto.

:22:12.:22:14.

This place is popular because in 1976, thousands

:22:15.:22:19.

of students protested against the government.

:22:20.:22:23.

It had passed a law for students to be taught in Afrikaans,

:22:24.:22:26.

Only a few people in South Africa understood the language.

:22:27.:22:35.

The march turned violent and the police shot at the students.

:22:36.:22:37.

Some died, hundreds were injured and some fled the country.

:22:38.:22:40.

Hector Pieterson was the youngest to get killed.

:22:41.:22:42.

On the day, in the township, what they did, the police,

:22:43.:22:50.

they started shooting tear gas at us, and we never disbursed,

:22:51.:23:01.

-- they started shooting tear gas at us, and we never dispersed,

:23:02.:23:04.

even with the tear gas, and then they started

:23:05.:23:06.

I was really scared but because of the group

:23:07.:23:09.

that we were in, we became brave, because we were united.

:23:10.:23:12.

That was a sad day for many South Africans but how

:23:13.:23:16.

We want to show you around the Soweto we know and love.

:23:17.:23:26.

There are more than 2 million people in Soweto but most of them use

:23:27.:23:32.

To get to the right destination, we use different hand signals

:23:33.:23:37.

to show the driver where we are going.

:23:38.:23:41.

I know this hand signal which says it goes to Jabulani,

:23:42.:23:46.

I know this one goes to Bara and this one is town,

:23:47.:23:54.

# Soweto is a cool place I can't let go.

:23:55.:24:08.

# If they hating, man, I pray they're not slow.

:24:09.:24:16.

# Silence all over, prevention is the form #.

:24:17.:24:18.

Like many young people around the world, we enjoy hip-hop

:24:19.:24:20.

and watching our friends do tricks on their bikes but we also

:24:21.:24:23.

want to stay in touch with our roots and that's why we enjoy

:24:24.:24:26.

If it wasn't for the class of 1976, we wouldn't have as many

:24:27.:24:41.

We stand proud and inspired but now is our time to inspire

:24:42.:24:45.

But for now, let's get back to school.

:24:46.:24:56.

And you can read more about this year's BBC School Report

:24:57.:25:00.

on our website, at bbc.com/schoolreport,

:25:01.:25:02.

including live updates from around the UK as around 30,000 school

:25:03.:25:07.

children at more than 1,000 schools make their own news

:25:08.:25:11.

Part of one of Argentina's biggest attractions,

:25:12.:25:33.

the Perito Morenio Glacier known as the "White Giant",

:25:34.:25:35.

has collapsed crashing into the water.

:25:36.:25:45.

Dramatic footage captured large pieces of ice breaking away

:25:46.:25:47.

and falling into the river below on the site in the City

:25:48.:25:50.

of El Calafate, in the Santa Cruz Province.

:25:51.:25:52.

The Glacier usually attracts big crowds, who come to watch it crack

:25:53.:25:55.

It fully sheds ice roughly every few years and the last time big ice

:25:56.:25:59.

And you can get in touch with me and the team on Twitter.

:26:00.:26:04.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:05.:26:08.

After some pretty terrible weather across some parts of England and

:26:09.:26:16.

Wales, and flooding problems, it is much quieter today

:26:17.:26:17.

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