11/03/2016 World News Today


11/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Chris Rogers.

:00:00.:00:00.

A mystery over the death of one of President Putin's top aides

:00:07.:00:11.

Mikhail Lesin's family says his death last year was a heart

:00:12.:00:17.

attack - but US officials now say he was killed by a blow to the head.

:00:18.:00:22.

The IAAF says five countries are in "critical care"

:00:23.:00:25.

over their drug testing systems with just months to go before

:00:26.:00:27.

Five years on - Japan remembers the devastating earthquake

:00:28.:00:31.

and tsunami that triggered the Fukushima nuclear meltdown.

:00:32.:00:39.

Having his support adds total credence to what I am trying to do.

:00:40.:00:50.

From throwing insults to hugs all round. We'll look back at the

:00:51.:00:54.

relationship between Ben Carson and Donald Trump.

:00:55.:01:04.

Russia has demanded information from the United States

:01:05.:01:06.

about the death of a former key ally of President Putin,

:01:07.:01:10.

in a hotel in Washington last November.

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Lesin also suffered injuries to the neck,

:01:22.:01:22.

torso, arms and legs and there's reports he may have been assaulted

:01:23.:01:25.

before returning to his hotel.He was a former press minister and key

:01:26.:01:30.

media advisor to President Putin, nicknamed 'the bulldozer'

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for his crack down on media freedoms in Russia.

:01:35.:01:41.

Let's get more from our Washington correspondent. You have been

:01:42.:01:50.

speaking to the Russian embassy there as well. Yes, I have. I spoke

:01:51.:01:56.

to them in the last few hours and the told me we first knew of these

:01:57.:02:03.

injuries was yesterday when results of the autopsy were made public. The

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expressed an amount of frustration. That they had not had more

:02:09.:02:12.

communication from the American authorities. They say they are

:02:13.:02:17.

looking for more details and more communication from them. When I

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asked about whether this was a violent end, that was far fetched

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they said. It was difficult to see when you read the details of the

:02:28.:02:31.

autopsy what other detail you can reach. They were blows to the head,

:02:32.:02:37.

neck, arms and legs. The medical examiner was saying it was the blow

:02:38.:02:41.

to the head which actually caused his death. What they do not know at

:02:42.:02:47.

this stage is what the call the manner of death. The law because but

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not the manner. What the mean by that is how it happened, where it

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was done and the is speculation at the moment that you may have

:02:57.:03:01.

sustained the injury is outside of the Hotel and come back to the

:03:02.:03:06.

hotel. None of that has been confirmed by the police. Do we know

:03:07.:03:10.

why it has taken so long for the autopsy report to be released? It

:03:11.:03:15.

was an extraordinary amount of time. He was found dead on the 6th of

:03:16.:03:21.

November and normally the guidelines say the medical examination to

:03:22.:03:26.

complete 90% of autopsy within 90 days. They are over that mark.

:03:27.:03:32.

Clearly from these reports there were physical signs of damage to

:03:33.:03:40.

Mikhail Lesin body. I spoke to the medical examiner or sportsmen and

:03:41.:03:49.

asked him what took so long -- spokesman. He said every case is

:03:50.:03:55.

different. They had no explanation for that. Thank you for that update.

:03:56.:03:58.

The International Association of Athletics Federations,

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the IAAF, says its needs more time to investigate Russia's anti-doping

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progress before this year's Olympic Games in Rio.

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But it says the country will not yet be reinstated

:04:07.:04:09.

Our sports correspondent reports now.

:04:10.:04:28.

The ruling council received an update charged with assessing

:04:29.:04:35.

whether Russia really is clearing up its act after widespread state

:04:36.:04:42.

sponsored doping was revealed last year. The council unanimously agrees

:04:43.:04:48.

that the authorities in Russia need to undertake more work to satisfy

:04:49.:04:53.

the reinstatement conditions. They should not be reinstated to

:04:54.:05:00.

membership to IAAF at this stage. A final decision will be made in May.

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The IAAF officials warned there was still significant work to be done by

:05:06.:05:09.

Russia if the art be readmitted to international competition.

:05:10.:05:19.

The world doping agencies say they have been 90 positive tests. The

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agency did not provide details of who tested profs positive. Seven of

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the cases come from Russia, including Sharapova.

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Russia and China have issued a joint call for North Korea to resume

:05:42.:05:44.

international talks over its nuclear weapons programme.

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After talks in Moscow, Sergei Lavrov and his Chinese

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counterpart also want North Korea to abide by a UN resolution banning

:05:49.:05:51.

The Arab League has declared the Lebanese Shia movement Hezbollah

:05:52.:05:55.

The move comes a week after Arab Gulf states did the same.

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Tensions between Saudi Arabia in particular and Hezbollah have

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intensified recently as the Saudis have clashed more openly

:06:03.:06:05.

The United Nations says South Sudan's army has

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allowed its soldiers to rape women as payment for their services

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during fighting against rebel forces.

:06:20.:06:23.

Investigators found that 1,300 women were raped last year in the oil-rich

:06:24.:06:27.

It's the latest damning report by the UN on the world's

:06:28.:06:33.

Amnesty international said 60 men and boys were suffocated in a

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shipping container by Government forces.

:06:48.:06:52.

The aftermath of more than two years of bloody crashes in the world's

:06:53.:06:57.

A new United Nations report now says the Government is responsible

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for much of the atrocities, which would

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amount to war crimes and crimes against you manage to.

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The revelations include killing of civilians,

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They are orchestrating the violence against their own civilians. You are

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either loyalist or you are not. If you are not then you are in peril of

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harassment, rape, abduction or death. Amnesty International has

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accused Government forces of suffocating men and boys last year.

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The Government has denied the allegations of targeting civilians

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but says it is investigating. As the parties continue to stall in

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agreeing a deal, the people will continue to suffer.

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Five years ago today, an earthquake and the tsunami it

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people lost their lives, and the nuclear power plant

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Today commemorative events have been taking place, including a ceremony

:08:24.:08:27.

in Tokyo at the exact hour the earthquake struck.

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Our correspondent Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports.

:08:30.:08:35.

Who can forget these pictures? And the sounds of buildings being

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crushed, of the terror of those watching, their homes being

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swallowed by the waters. Hurry, hurry, a man shouts. For many there

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was no time to escape. Today in the ravaged city the science sounded

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again. -- sirens. These people are looking for the spot their house

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used to stand on. When the sirens sounded that day, their father

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rushed to help evacuating people near the coast. He never came back.

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I lost my father. So many lives were lost in our town. Each one is

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important. I think it is our duty officer -- as survivors to show the

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world. She is finding it hard. Even with classmates who have also lost

:09:49.:09:56.

parents. If we talk about it. I feel down. I avoid talking about it. I

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sometimes want to know what my friends went to but I do not ask.

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When the tsunami swept into your nearly 2000 people were killed in

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this one small town, that is nearly 10% of the population. The trauma

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has been immense. The Government's first duty is to protect people and

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it is not surprising that this has been the response. Massive new walls

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like this will stretch for 250 miles along this coast. The whole

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landscape is being re-engineered to make it safe from the sea. But after

:10:35.:10:43.

five years, many are waiting for a plot of land with growing

:10:44.:10:48.

frustration. I sometimes think we would be much better off if we left

:10:49.:10:53.

here after the tsunami and started a new life somewhere else. We have

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waited so long to rebuild our lives. In what was once their front garden,

:10:58.:11:03.

they have found a little settling. They decide to dig it up to plant in

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their new house. It is a small sign of new life amongst so much

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devastation. The US government has

:11:14.:11:14.

intensified its attack on Apple - for refusing to help investigators

:11:15.:11:19.

open the iPhone of the gunman who helped shoot 14 people

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dead in San Bernadino, In a legal filing released

:11:23.:11:24.

on Thursday, the government made the point that Apple has previously

:11:25.:11:29.

helped with Chinese government demands for iPhone data -

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the implication being that the tech giant cooperated there,

:11:34.:11:36.

because China is such a huge In its brief, the US Department

:11:37.:11:38.

of Justice said "As well as providing data from nearly 4,000

:11:39.:11:45.

iPhones to Chinese authorities, Apple appears to have made special

:11:46.:11:50.

accommodations in China: for example, moving Chinese user

:11:51.:11:54.

data to Chinese government servers, and installing a different WiFi

:11:55.:11:58.

protocol for Chinese iPhones". Apple's lawyer Bruce Sewell called

:11:59.:12:04.

the DoJ's brief a "cheap shot.. Speculation based on no

:12:05.:12:08.

substance at all". He said the brief "reads

:12:09.:12:10.

like an indictment... Intended to smear the other side

:12:11.:12:13.

with false accusations Let's speak to our correspondent. He

:12:14.:12:26.

is an expert on Tech companies in China. I don't know if you can

:12:27.:12:31.

answer this, but is this possible? Could Apple could have done this? Is

:12:32.:12:37.

the technology there to help the Chinese authorities? The reality of

:12:38.:12:41.

what is required in China protect companies like Apple, is much more

:12:42.:12:46.

nuanced than the making it out to be. Yes the environment is very...

:12:47.:12:56.

Providing data, source code for review is very different from back

:12:57.:13:00.

door access and these have been inflated for political purposes.

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Just explain, back door access is what the American Government is

:13:05.:13:09.

asking for. Whats why is that different? Just to give you an

:13:10.:13:16.

example, to be a tech company in China, it is very common for

:13:17.:13:22.

companies to undergo data review. Having data reviewed by the Chinese

:13:23.:13:25.

Government is different from providing encrypted data. There is

:13:26.:13:33.

really a fine line. Apple is concerned that if they are forced to

:13:34.:13:37.

do this then the technology is there that can be used by countries in

:13:38.:13:41.

China who will not be responsible with the technology needed to get

:13:42.:13:47.

back door access. I think it is a technology concerned but it is also

:13:48.:13:52.

about political pressure and right now we are in an environment in

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China where they are exerting greater control over foreign

:13:57.:14:00.

networks, data information transmission and saw the concern is

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that they will take a much more hard line approach to implementing these

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kinds of regulations if the precedent is set here in the United

:14:12.:14:21.

States. We could be think that our data could be checked by

:14:22.:14:27.

governments. What we are learning here that it is really difficult.

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Your data really is quite private. Absolutely. I think for companies

:14:33.:14:38.

like Apple, providing encrypted access as a precondition for market

:14:39.:14:42.

entry in China would be a very high wall. Something we have to remember

:14:43.:14:45.

is that the Chinese Government does not really want to alienate foreign

:14:46.:14:51.

tech companies at this moment. There is a massive economic restructuring.

:14:52.:14:56.

The need for an companies and know-how. They do not want to push

:14:57.:15:01.

companies like Apple to far at this time. Fascinating. Thank you for

:15:02.:15:03.

joining us. The former candidate in the race

:15:04.:15:07.

for the Republican presidential nomination, Ben Carson,

:15:08.:15:09.

has pledged his support Mr Carson, who is a retired

:15:10.:15:12.

neurosurgeon, becomes the second former rival to back the billionaire

:15:13.:15:17.

businessman in the race Mr Carson made the announcement

:15:18.:15:19.

at a joint news conference with Mr Trump in Florida,

:15:20.:15:25.

ahead of the state's primary But were these two always

:15:26.:15:27.

on such good terms? Let's take a look back over

:15:28.:15:34.

the makings of what could be Today is something very, very

:15:35.:15:37.

special because Doctor Ben Carson He went after his

:15:38.:15:44.

mother with a hammer. He hit a friend of

:15:45.:15:51.

his in the face with He took a knife and he went

:15:52.:15:53.

after a friend and he lunged. Everybody loves him and truly,

:15:54.:15:58.

truly admires what he has I don't want a person that's got

:15:59.:16:04.

a pathological disease. His life has been

:16:05.:16:12.

an incredible life. I just want to tell

:16:13.:16:13.

you that having his support it adds credence to

:16:14.:16:19.

what I'm trying to do. If you are pathological,

:16:20.:16:21.

there is no cure. If you are a child molester,

:16:22.:16:27.

a sick puppy, a child There is only one cure and we do not

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want to talk about that. Some people said, why

:16:31.:16:42.

would you get a hand I have come to know Donald Trump

:16:43.:16:45.

over the last few years. He is actually a very intelligent

:16:46.:16:59.

man who cares deeply What do you have to say

:17:00.:17:01.

about Donald Trump? Here is what I would

:17:02.:17:06.

say now that he has completed his attacks,

:17:07.:17:08.

why don't we press on and deal He said terrible things about you,

:17:09.:17:11.

how can you support him? That was political stuff and,

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you know, that happens Politics of personal destruction,

:17:15.:17:19.

that is what people are tired of. I am hopeful that at some point

:17:20.:17:30.

we reach the level of maturity that we can deal with the issues

:17:31.:17:33.

that are facing us right now. We are moving on because it is not

:17:34.:17:36.

about me, it is not about Mr Trump, How stupid are the people

:17:37.:17:41.

to believe this crap? Tattoos are now commonplace in many

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parts of the world -- but in Cuba they've been frowned

:17:51.:17:53.

upon for many years. Now attitudes are changing

:17:54.:17:55.

and while there are still few places to get "inked" the BBC's Will Grant

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has visited the only tattoo For some time this person has wanted

:17:59.:18:14.

an elephant on her torso. The colourful design is the logo of the

:18:15.:18:19.

fashion magazine she writes for and has a sentimental value. She now

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realises that she underestimated how much it would heart. She is the

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latest in the wave of Cubans who are getting tattooed is. It just used to

:18:31.:18:39.

be for prostitutes and sailors, it is very popular now. Karen has her

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daughter name on her arm and a religious symbol on the other. This

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man did his two sure his family's long-standing connection with

:18:55.:18:58.

Russia. Tattoos are about changing attitudes on the communist island.

:18:59.:19:05.

There is only one place to get it done properly. This tattooed pilot

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recently celebrated its anniversary of the only licensed tattooed shop.

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Most artists work from their homes and many have been shut down by the

:19:17.:19:23.

health authorities. This man is the top body artist. He says the shops

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sterilisation processes are of a professional standard. We have all

:19:31.:19:38.

the eyes on us. We need to be like Kit. We need to be healthy and good

:19:39.:19:45.

quality. We need to take care. It is not just Cubans getting inked, many

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two arrests looking for a moment to all of their trip are now seeking

:19:51.:19:57.

out the artists. Running a tad too high alert in the country that are

:19:58.:20:00.

still under a trade embargo is a challenge. It is hard here because

:20:01.:20:07.

we do not have any tools, supplies and we need to fly out of the island

:20:08.:20:14.

to buy things. We do not charge to much. We will never be rich here. We

:20:15.:20:24.

are not rich. The elephant is finally finished. On reflection, she

:20:25.:20:28.

says it was worth the agony. More and more young Cubans are rolling up

:20:29.:20:34.

their sleeve to receive body art. Whether or not it is part of a

:20:35.:20:38.

culture explosion or a desire to express themselves more freely, the

:20:39.:20:42.

chances are it is here to stay. We've marking a rather special

:20:43.:20:51.

anniversary here on BBC World News. 25 ago to the day,

:20:52.:20:53.

we first went on air, The world has changed a lot

:20:54.:20:56.

since then, and so have we. Here's some of the stories we've

:20:57.:21:00.

covered in that time - Good evening. This is the world

:21:01.:21:12.

Service news. The Gorbachev the row has now come to an end. Now is the

:21:13.:21:18.

time for self Africans to celebrate democracy. You are watching BBC

:21:19.:21:25.

world. The press Association have reported that Diana Princess of

:21:26.:21:30.

Wales has died. Mr Clinton's extramarital affairs have been the

:21:31.:21:35.

subject... I did not have sexual relations with that woman. As we

:21:36.:21:39.

came on air a plane appears to have crashed into... Engaged in what is

:21:40.:21:49.

rapidly becoming the battle... Tidal waves left a trail of destruction.

:21:50.:21:56.

This was a resounding win for Barack Obama. Change has come to America.

:21:57.:22:02.

To watch the fool interview with the president make sure you go to the

:22:03.:22:09.

BBC website. Meltdown Monday began with markets tumbling in Asia. He

:22:10.:22:16.

returns a free man. The people here are proud they started the

:22:17.:22:21.

revolution. What an incredible night for London and because of the UK.

:22:22.:22:27.

World News begins broadcasting from its new studios in central London.

:22:28.:22:33.

Welcome to the worldnewsroom. Welcome to the BBC face big news

:22:34.:22:42.

stream from Lebanon on. Most people are standing in front of their

:22:43.:22:46.

spontaneous memorial to the victims. This is the capital city, it is

:22:47.:22:53.

astonishing. Are there any questions, this is BBC pop up. We

:22:54.:22:59.

turn your story ideas into short beautiful films. Some amazing

:23:00.:23:12.

memories there. Here at the BBC we keep in dating. On Saturday the

:23:13.:23:18.

grant click premiered a new programme. It is thought to be a

:23:19.:23:23.

world first and the rapid development of virtual reality

:23:24.:23:30.

technology. This is the world's largest machine as it has never been

:23:31.:23:41.

seen before in 360 degrees. It it is spectacular in its size and in the

:23:42.:23:45.

special viewers are transported deep underground to experience it for

:23:46.:23:49.

themselves. If you are wearing a virtual reality headset, you can

:23:50.:23:54.

feel you are really there and surrounded. Without the high end

:23:55.:24:01.

kit, you still can get the virtual reality experience. As you move your

:24:02.:24:05.

smartphone around the movement changes. You can slot it into one of

:24:06.:24:10.

these cheap and cheerful headsets for a more immersive experience. You

:24:11.:24:15.

can use your mouse to drag it around on the web page. Like the BBC, many

:24:16.:24:21.

broadcasters are now experimenting with 360 cameras, which shipped in

:24:22.:24:28.

all directions at once. 2016 is the year of virtual reality. It has

:24:29.:24:32.

taken this long to get the technology ready. It might make you

:24:33.:24:38.

feel sick before but now the teleport me to a different reality,

:24:39.:24:42.

the jungle, the space and everywhere in between. The big tech companies

:24:43.:24:47.

are getting in on the game. Adverts for virtual reality are already on

:24:48.:24:52.

our screens and Sony are releasing its virtual reality headset. Virtual

:24:53.:24:58.

reality games will be the first market but Facebook boss recently

:24:59.:25:03.

outlined his virtual reality vision as one where we work, interact and

:25:04.:25:06.

form relationships with people we have never physically met. It's a

:25:07.:25:12.

fascinating experience for early adopters, but there are still the

:25:13.:25:15.

few barriers to overcome before virtual reality convinces audiences

:25:16.:25:21.

to do things like this. The devices are not quite there yet nor is the

:25:22.:25:26.

content. The experience is not as compelling as it has to be in order

:25:27.:25:31.

to get their attention. This is certainly a new and challenging way

:25:32.:25:36.

to tell compelling stories, although if you are blessed with a

:25:37.:25:39.

spectacular location, it certainly helps.

:25:40.:25:42.

But for now from and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:43.:26:06.

Hello there. The week at head is upon us. It is looking pretty good

:26:07.:26:14.

for most of the

:26:15.:26:15.

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