11/03/2016 World News Today


11/03/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is tet-mac one -- World News Today.

:00:07.:00:11.

A mystery over the death of one of President Putin's top aides

:00:12.:00:14.

Mikhail Lesin's family says his death last year was a heart

:00:15.:00:18.

attack but US officials now say he was killed by a blow

:00:19.:00:21.

The IAAF says five countries are in "critical care"

:00:22.:00:27.

over their drug testing systems with just months to go before

:00:28.:00:30.

Five years on - Japan remembers the devastating earthquake

:00:31.:00:33.

and tsunami that triggered the Fukushima nuclear meltdown.

:00:34.:00:35.

Having his support adds total credence to what I am trying to do.

:00:36.:00:41.

From throwing insults to hugs all round.

:00:42.:00:46.

We'll look back at the relationship between Ben Carson and

:00:47.:00:49.

Russia has demanded information from the United States

:00:50.:01:05.

about the death of a former key ally of President Putin,

:01:06.:01:10.

in a hotel in Washington last November.

:01:11.:01:14.

US medical officials say Mikhail Lesin died from blunt force

:01:15.:01:17.

injuries to the head, not a heart attack as initially reported.

:01:18.:01:22.

Lesin also suffered injuries to the neck,

:01:23.:01:24.

torso, arms and legs and there's reports he may have been assaulted

:01:25.:01:27.

He was a former press minister and key

:01:28.:01:37.

media advisor to President Putin, nicknamed "The Bulldozer"

:01:38.:01:39.

for his crack down on media freedoms in Russia.

:01:40.:01:41.

Let's get more from our Washington correspondent.

:01:42.:01:44.

Mikhail Lesin was nicknamed the bulldozer. He was a member of what

:01:45.:01:53.

you put in's inner circle and was once the press Minister, before

:01:54.:01:58.

going on to find this TV station in Russia. In 2014, he retired and

:01:59.:02:05.

moved to America's West Coast. Then, last November, Mikhail Lesin was

:02:06.:02:10.

found dead. He was discovered at this hotel in Washington, DC. A, his

:02:11.:02:17.

former news network RTE reported his family said he died of a heart

:02:18.:02:26.

attack. -- RT. But the Washington, DC medical examiner said the cause

:02:27.:02:30.

of death was... The other causes well... The manner of death was

:02:31.:02:41.

undetermined. This latest development raises more questions

:02:42.:02:45.

than answers. Most of top Tis A Beauty did in 90 days, so why did

:02:46.:02:48.

this take so much longer? One newspaper reports that Mikhail Lesin

:02:49.:02:54.

was involved in an altercation before retiring to his room. So how

:02:55.:03:01.

did he die? In what seems like a very ordinary crime scene, the

:03:02.:03:05.

circumstances around this man's death are anything but. Before he

:03:06.:03:09.

died, he was being investigated by the FBI for money laundering and

:03:10.:03:14.

corruption. As police in Washington continue enquiries, the Russian

:03:15.:03:16.

Government is demanding more information from US authorities. So

:03:17.:03:22.

far, officially at least, there are no suspects, motives or concrete

:03:23.:03:27.

clues as to why a one-time aide to Vladimir Putin met an untimely and

:03:28.:03:28.

brutal death. The International Association

:03:29.:03:32.

of Athletics Federations, the IAAF, says its needs more time

:03:33.:03:34.

to investigate Russia's anti-doping progress before this year's

:03:35.:03:37.

Olympic Games in Rio. But it says the country

:03:38.:03:40.

will not yet be reinstated Our sports correspondent

:03:41.:03:42.

reports now. With the Rio Olympics under five

:03:43.:04:00.

months away, the question of Russian athlete competing at the games

:04:01.:04:01.

remained in the balance. The IAAF ruling received an update

:04:02.:04:02.

from a task force charged with assessing whether Russia

:04:03.:04:05.

is cleaning up its act, after evidence of widespread

:04:06.:04:07.

state-sponsored doping was revealed The president of the IAAF revealed

:04:08.:04:25.

the sheer scale of the task at hand. This is not a numbers game. I am not

:04:26.:04:30.

here to be judged on how many athletes I can get to an Olympic

:04:31.:04:34.

Games. I am yet to be judged on how mini athletes I can get from safe,

:04:35.:04:40.

secure systems into free, fair and open competition. And that has to be

:04:41.:04:46.

the sole arbiter. The final decision will be made on me but IAAF

:04:47.:04:50.

officials warned that there are still significant things to be done

:04:51.:04:54.

by Russia if they are to be readmitted to international

:04:55.:05:02.

competitions. The US Government has intensified its attack on Apple over

:05:03.:05:12.

refusing to help investigators. In a legal filing released on Thursday,

:05:13.:05:15.

the Government made the point that Apple has previously held the

:05:16.:05:17.

Chinese Government demands for iPhone data.

:05:18.:05:28.

giant cooperated there, because China is such a huge

:05:29.:05:31.

In its brief, the US Department of Justice said "As well as

:05:32.:05:35.

providing data from nearly 4,000 iPhones to Chinese authorities,

:05:36.:05:38.

Apple appears to have made special accommodations in China.

:05:39.:05:40.

For example, moving Chinese user data to Chinese government servers,

:05:41.:05:42.

and installing a different WiFi protocol for Chinese iPhones".

:05:43.:05:48.

Apple's lawyer Bruce Sewell called the DoJ's brief a "cheap shot..."

:05:49.:05:51.

Speculation based on no substance at all".

:05:52.:05:54.

He said the brief "reads like an indictment.

:05:55.:05:56.

Intended to smear the other side with false accusations

:05:57.:05:58.

The correspondent is in Washington and has been following the fallout

:05:59.:06:12.

closely. It is really intensify now. Yes, indeed. It is quite

:06:13.:06:18.

entertaining to watch, actually. How much scope as the claims of the

:06:19.:06:22.

Department of Justice God? What do we know about Apple's dealings with

:06:23.:06:28.

China and exchange of data? The truth is, we do not explicitly

:06:29.:06:32.

know what they have done to comply with Chinese laws. But what we do

:06:33.:06:38.

know is that there is a very extensive patchwork of regulations

:06:39.:06:41.

that smartphone companies have to comply with in order to operate in

:06:42.:06:46.

China. Essentially, there are three layers of regulations. The first

:06:47.:06:52.

being regulations from the Ministry of technology that requires

:06:53.:06:57.

extensive audits compliant with Chinese standards. The second layer

:06:58.:07:04.

is various surveillance regulations from the Ministry of Public

:07:05.:07:09.

Security, requiring companies to facilitate access and decryption on

:07:10.:07:16.

various technology platforms. And the third being bespoke requirements

:07:17.:07:24.

that smartphone vendor is quite frankly have to comply with in order

:07:25.:07:28.

to connect with mobile networks in China. These companies are all

:07:29.:07:35.

state-owned. The unspoken rule is that, essentially, any types of

:07:36.:07:38.

regulations that the Chinese Government does not explicitly want

:07:39.:07:45.

to create in law, they achieved through contractual agreements and

:07:46.:07:48.

state-owned mobile network operators, like China Telecom and

:07:49.:07:57.

others. As you this is not just about an iPhone belonging to a

:07:58.:08:03.

Government, this is about international strategy and policies

:08:04.:08:06.

amongst many governments who want to know more about what view, potential

:08:07.:08:12.

terror suspects and other criminals or two. Precisely. The Chinese

:08:13.:08:17.

Government have similar concerns. If you look at the size of the China

:08:18.:08:24.

market, it is the number one largest mobile, smartphone market in the

:08:25.:08:29.

world. Number two is India, in fact, which just surpassed the US last

:08:30.:08:34.

month. Number three is the United States. The Apple CEO Tim Cook has

:08:35.:08:40.

explicitly said that China is Apple's future. If they wish to sell

:08:41.:08:46.

products in China and access that market, I assume they will have to

:08:47.:08:49.

find a way to comply with Chinese laws. Thank you for speaking to us

:08:50.:08:51.

here. Five years ago today,

:08:52.:08:57.

an earthquake and the tsunami it triggered

:08:58.:09:06.

devastated communities along 18,000

:09:07.:09:07.

people lost their lives, and the nuclear power plant

:09:08.:09:11.

at Fukushima went into meltdown. Today commemorative events have been

:09:12.:09:13.

taking place, including a ceremony in Tokyo at the exact hour

:09:14.:09:16.

the earthquake struck. Our correspondent Rupert

:09:17.:09:18.

Wingfield-Hayes reports. And the sounds of buildings

:09:19.:09:25.

being crushed, of the terror of those watching, their homes

:09:26.:09:35.

being swallowed by the waters. For too many, there

:09:36.:09:40.

was no time to escape. Today in the ravaged

:09:41.:09:56.

city, the sirens sounded It was in memory of the 18,000 who

:09:57.:09:58.

died. These people are looking

:09:59.:10:06.

for the spot their house When the sirens sounded

:10:07.:10:08.

that day, their father rushed to help evacuating

:10:09.:10:12.

people near the coast. I think it is our duty as survivors

:10:13.:10:13.

to show the world how dear life is. Even with classmates

:10:14.:10:37.

who have also lost TRANSLATION: If we talk about it,

:10:38.:10:41.

I feel down. I sometimes want to know

:10:42.:10:51.

what my friends went When the tsunami swept

:10:52.:10:55.

in here, nearly 2000 people were killed in this one small

:10:56.:11:04.

town, that is nearly Any government's first duty

:11:05.:11:06.

is to protect its people and it is not

:11:07.:11:13.

surprising that this Massive new walls like this

:11:14.:11:14.

will stretch for 250 miles The whole landscape is being

:11:15.:11:20.

re-engineered to make it safe But after five years,

:11:21.:11:23.

this woman is waiting for a plot of land

:11:24.:11:37.

with growing frustration. I sometimes think we would be much

:11:38.:11:39.

better off if we left here after the tsunami and started

:11:40.:11:42.

a new life somewhere else. We have waited so long

:11:43.:11:44.

to rebuild our lives. In what was once their front

:11:45.:11:54.

garden, they have found They decide to dig it up

:11:55.:11:57.

to plant in their new house. The former candidate in the race

:11:58.:12:10.

for the Republican presidential nomination, Ben Carson,

:12:11.:12:12.

has pledged his support Mr Carson, who is a retired

:12:13.:12:14.

neurosurgeon, becomes the second former rival to back the billionaire

:12:15.:12:19.

businessman in the race Mr Carson made the announcement

:12:20.:12:22.

at a joint news conference with Mr Trump in Florida,

:12:23.:12:29.

ahead of the state's primary But were these two always

:12:30.:12:32.

on such good terms? Let's take a look back over

:12:33.:12:38.

the makings of what could be Today is something very, very

:12:39.:12:40.

special because Doctor Ben Carson He went after his

:12:41.:12:45.

mother with a hammer. He hit a friend of

:12:46.:12:50.

his in the face with He took a knife and he went

:12:51.:12:52.

after a friend and he lunged. Everybody loves him and truly,

:12:53.:12:59.

truly admires what he has I don't want a person that's got

:13:00.:13:05.

a pathological disease. His life has been

:13:06.:13:11.

an incredible life. I just want to tell

:13:12.:13:16.

you that having his support adds total credence

:13:17.:13:23.

to what I'm trying to do. If you are pathological,

:13:24.:13:25.

there is no cure. If you are a child molester,

:13:26.:13:27.

a sick puppy, a child There is only one cure and we do not

:13:28.:13:29.

want to talk about that. Some people said, why

:13:30.:13:37.

would you get a hand I have come to know Donald Trump

:13:38.:13:47.

over the last few years. He is actually a very intelligent

:13:48.:13:55.

man who cares deeply What do you have to say

:13:56.:13:58.

about Donald Trump? Here is what I would

:13:59.:14:04.

say - now that he has completed his attacks,

:14:05.:14:07.

why don't we press on and deal He said terrible things about you,

:14:08.:14:09.

how can you support him? That was political stuff and,

:14:10.:14:13.

you know, that happens Politics of personal destruction,

:14:14.:14:19.

that is what people are tired of. I am hopeful that at some point

:14:20.:14:33.

we reach the level of maturity that we can deal with the issues

:14:34.:14:36.

that are facing us right now. We are moving on because it is not

:14:37.:14:39.

about me, it is not about Mr Trump, How stupid are the people

:14:40.:14:43.

to believe this crap? We thought you would find that

:14:44.:14:56.

interesting. Do stay with us here. We're going live to the US in a

:14:57.:15:01.

moment as the world says goodbye to the former first lady, Nancy Reagan.

:15:02.:15:11.

Boris Johnson has been setting out why he is campaigning for Britain to

:15:12.:15:16.

leave the EU. In his first major speech for the Vote Leave campaign,

:15:17.:15:19.

Mr Johnson said the union was outdated and no-one in their right

:15:20.:15:23.

minds would vote to join now. I know that there are people who say that

:15:24.:15:29.

this country does not have the guts to get out. That we have no choice

:15:30.:15:38.

but to remain. I have to say, I think they are hopelessly

:15:39.:15:41.

underestimating this country of ours and what we can achieve. Because it

:15:42.:15:47.

is precisely because we stayed out of the Euro that we were the most

:15:48.:15:54.

successful economies of Europe. And if we burst into the shackles of

:15:55.:15:59.

Brussels, we will be able to begin immediately with those long,

:16:00.:16:03.

neglected free-trade opportunities that we can do at the moment. --

:16:04.:16:11.

cannot do. You're watching BBC World News

:16:12.:16:17.

Today. The latest headlines... Russia has demanded information from

:16:18.:16:20.

the US about the death of a former key ally of President Hooton in a

:16:21.:16:25.

hotel in Washington last November. -- resident Vladimir Putin. The IAAF

:16:26.:16:30.

says five countries are in critical care over drug testing systems with

:16:31.:16:34.

just monster goal before the Rio de Janeiro Olympics. -- just months to

:16:35.:16:46.

go. Our chief international

:16:47.:16:50.

correspondent has been covering the sale and conflict from the

:16:51.:16:53.

beginning. Here, she talks to present Assad's media adviser,

:16:54.:16:57.

asking whether this what could have been avoided.

:16:58.:17:04.

It is absolutely not true because I worked here all the way through and

:17:05.:17:08.

I remember from the 24th of March 2011, when the Syrian government

:17:09.:17:14.

announced very important radical reform measures. And every time we

:17:15.:17:21.

started to implement, one after another, the campaign against us,

:17:22.:17:30.

followed by Western media and countries, the campaign got harder

:17:31.:17:35.

and harder on Syria. What happened in Syria certainly is not about

:17:36.:17:43.

making Syria better. Because if you ask any Syrian person anywhere, and

:17:44.:17:48.

you know the people here, Syria is much better off five years ago than

:17:49.:17:54.

now. What happened destroyed Syria and the Syrian people, not making

:17:55.:18:01.

Syria better place for the Syrians. Now with the Russian, political and

:18:02.:18:08.

moral support, do you feel... The Russian military support to fight

:18:09.:18:13.

terrorism and restore peace and security. It is only when the

:18:14.:18:21.

Russians came that the terrorist oil tanks were attacked and destroyed.

:18:22.:18:28.

Well the so-called international coalition led by the United States

:18:29.:18:33.

never destroyed anything from these oil tanks that were crossing Syria

:18:34.:18:43.

to Turkey and Europe. So I think history will show the effort from

:18:44.:18:49.

the Russian Government, this huge effort, against terrorism and in

:18:50.:18:53.

favour not only of peace in Syria but of peace in Europe, of peace in

:18:54.:18:58.

the world. Because terrorism is a threat to all of us, particularly to

:18:59.:19:03.

Europe. And I think Russia is offering a service to Europe by

:19:04.:19:10.

fighting terrorism in Syria. But the Russian intervention also turned the

:19:11.:19:14.

tide for President Assad's forces. You now feel that the war is on your

:19:15.:19:19.

side? There is no such thing as those forces. There is the Syrian

:19:20.:19:26.

army that is defending the Syrian people and fighting terrorism and

:19:27.:19:28.

this is where the Russian help is coming. Fascinating stuff. President

:19:29.:19:34.

Assad's media adviser speaking to our correspondent. Let's catch up

:19:35.:19:39.

with the world's sport. Premier League side Newcastle United

:19:40.:19:43.

have a new man in charge. The former Liverpool, Chelsea and Real Madrid

:19:44.:19:47.

manager Rafa Benitez has signed a three-year contract after the club

:19:48.:19:53.

sacked Steve McClaren early today. Newcastle are currently 19th in the

:19:54.:19:57.

Premier League and the Spaniard's first match in charge will be

:19:58.:20:00.

against Leicester City on Monday. Not easy.

:20:01.:20:05.

Rafael Benitez began this season at Real Madrid and ends it facing one

:20:06.:20:11.

of his biggest challenges. Newcastle and in the bottom three and lost a

:20:12.:20:14.

Bournemouth at the weekend. When it is is their last talk. The type of

:20:15.:20:22.

manager years, the players will react. -- he is. They will play

:20:23.:20:27.

better and play for. If he stays with us next season, we could climb

:20:28.:20:30.

the table hire, if you've given the money to bring in players he wants.

:20:31.:20:35.

Fantastic. They guy has a lot of stature. Probably one of the best

:20:36.:20:42.

since Sir Bobby. Very happy. Benitez has won the FA Cup Spanish league

:20:43.:20:47.

and Champions League. The as the CV but the job description is

:20:48.:20:51.

demanding. Newcastle's mix of external passion and internal

:20:52.:20:55.

politics make it one of football's toughest jobs. Despite spending over

:20:56.:20:59.

?80 million on players, they went out of the FA Cup in the third run

:21:00.:21:04.

and have won just six league games all season. That cost Steve McClaren

:21:05.:21:08.

his first level jobs since being sacked as international manager. He

:21:09.:21:11.

had one week in limbo as his position was discussed by the board.

:21:12.:21:16.

Few managers hang around long here. Benitez will be the eighth manager

:21:17.:21:20.

since Mike Ashley bought the club, not counting caretakers. All the

:21:21.:21:25.

managers appointed by Mike Ashley have been in a position of weakness.

:21:26.:21:29.

Not being able to name terms. Busy not with the transfer system that

:21:30.:21:32.

has not benefited the club of themselves. And other things. But

:21:33.:21:38.

Rafa Benitez can come in, put down exactly what he wants. Benitez will

:21:39.:21:43.

have ten games to keep Newcastle in the Premier League, starting against

:21:44.:21:47.

league leaders Leicester on Monday. If he fails, it is understood there

:21:48.:21:50.

is a break clause in his contract and it is certain that the Spaniard

:21:51.:21:57.

is stepping into a storm. The FA Cup quarterfinals are taking

:21:58.:21:59.

place this weekend and the first match between Championship side

:22:00.:22:05.

reading and Premier League Crystal Palace is under way. It sees Alan

:22:06.:22:10.

Pardew return to his former side. He has not seen that much action so

:22:11.:22:15.

far. Not many chances and there are no goals after one hour of play.

:22:16.:22:20.

Both matches at the 2020 World Cup in India had to be abandoned today

:22:21.:22:27.

because of bad weather. Ireland against Bangladesh at already been

:22:28.:22:34.

delayed before the Bangladeshis... Where that and against them and it

:22:35.:22:37.

means Ireland and the Netherlands are now out of the tournament.

:22:38.:22:43.

Lord Coe, president of the IAAF, says Russia will find out in May if

:22:44.:22:50.

they can send a team to Rio de Janeiro.

:22:51.:22:58.

We unanimously agreed with the recommendation from the task force

:22:59.:23:04.

that they be given more time. Some progress has been made but they want

:23:05.:23:06.

to see significant progress in key areas. Those areas are clear. We

:23:07.:23:13.

have the five step changes be want to see. And the council will welcome

:23:14.:23:20.

the task force back almost certainly in May to report, hopefully, and

:23:21.:23:26.

further progress. That is the sport from now. 0-0 in the FA Cup match.

:23:27.:23:38.

Almost 5000 guests and representatives from former White

:23:39.:23:42.

House families have gathered for the memorial tribute to Nancy Reagan at

:23:43.:23:45.

her husband's residential library in Southern California. Let's get more

:23:46.:23:51.

on this from our correspondent. James, it is a who's Who of the

:23:52.:23:55.

White House but no President Obama, much to the criticism of people on

:23:56.:24:00.

Twitter. That is right. Although, in fairness

:24:01.:24:05.

to President Obama, there is precedents for sitting president is

:24:06.:24:08.

not attending funerals of former first lady 's, not least Ronald

:24:09.:24:13.

Reagan himself. It was notable that he was not there. Also not there,

:24:14.:24:19.

some other significant figures. But the people who were there, perhaps

:24:20.:24:23.

most importantly given the occasion itself, as we can see, where the

:24:24.:24:40.

former first lady is that my -- ladies that the picture there. The

:24:41.:24:45.

women terming it to pay tribute to a first lady tribute two present

:24:46.:24:51.

during a remarkable time in US politics. And as we had in the

:24:52.:24:56.

ceremony, she played a very important part in her husband's

:24:57.:25:00.

decision-making process throughout his time in the White House, for

:25:01.:25:05.

eight years throughout the 1980s. The former chief of staff James

:25:06.:25:08.

Baker spoke about her influence, saying she could be as tough as any

:25:09.:25:17.

Marine drill Sergeant at times. She was also part of a loving

:25:18.:25:20.

partnership with her husband, Ronald Reagan, described by some as the

:25:21.:25:24.

greatest love story in the history of the American presidency. In terms

:25:25.:25:29.

of that historical aspect, it is interesting to hear him note that

:25:30.:25:33.

Nancy Reagan insisted her husband that he would have to negotiate with

:25:34.:25:36.

Mikaeel Kular bridge off, the Soviet leader. -- Mikel Gorbachev. He --

:25:37.:25:51.

she informed his views. You can see much more on Nancy

:25:52.:25:54.

Reagan's funeral on the BBC News website. That is it from me and the

:25:55.:25:58.

rest of the team. Thank you for watching.

:25:59.:26:08.

We're moving into a very settled spell of weather across most of the

:26:09.:26:14.

UK but what about elsewhere around the world? Settled is not a word you

:26:15.:26:18.

would use of the southern states of the US, particularly Louisiana and

:26:19.:26:19.

Texas,

:26:20.:26:20.

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