20/03/2016 World News Today


20/03/2016

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Making history, President Obama arrives in Cuba. He's the first US

:00:15.:00:21.

President to visit for nearly 90 years. Turkey says it's identified

:00:22.:00:25.

the suicide bomber responsible for Saturday's attack in Istanbul and he

:00:26.:00:32.

had links to Islamic state. Boat-loads of migrant continue to

:00:33.:00:35.

arrive in Greece despite an agreement to send them back to

:00:36.:00:36.

Turkey. A very warm welcome to you.

:00:37.:01:01.

We are taking you straight to Cuba where President Obama has arrived on

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what is being termed an historic visit, the first to the island by a

:01:06.:01:09.

sitting President for nearly 90 years. He'll be there for two days

:01:10.:01:15.

and will meet President Raul Castro where the pair will discuss trade

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and political reform. Well, Dr Helen Yaffi is economic history fellow at

:01:22.:01:25.

the London School of Economics and the author of Che Guevara; the

:01:26.:01:29.

Economics of the Revolution. Welcome. You and I were watching the

:01:30.:01:34.

arrival of the first family of the United States arriving en mass OK on

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the tarmac in Havana just about 15 minutes ago now. The term historic

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is often overused by us journalists, we are horribly guilty of it but in

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this instance it's justified? Absolutely. If you think these are

:01:50.:01:54.

two countries who brought the world to the brink of a nuclear war in

:01:55.:02:00.

1962 and who would have thought this just a few years ago when the

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relationship between the countries seemed to be at crisis point. So

:02:05.:02:09.

yes, since the announcement in December 2014 that the countries had

:02:10.:02:15.

re-established diplomatic relations, and that was the result of 18 months

:02:16.:02:22.

of secret talks which really took the world by surprise. There's been

:02:23.:02:27.

a sort of positive spiral between the two countries and there are many

:02:28.:02:33.

issues still to be resolved but the first steps are being taken.

:02:34.:02:37.

The first important steps being taken. Dr Helen please stick around

:02:38.:02:41.

because we have a lot to talk about over the next half hour. Right now,

:02:42.:02:47.

I want to check in with Barbara Plett-usher who is on the streets of

:02:48.:02:52.

Havana for us. We were talking earlier about the slight make-over

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that the central states of old Havana have undertake none the

:02:57.:03:00.

run-up to this visit by President Obama, the smell of paint still

:03:01.:03:06.

wafting about in the air? Yes. The Cubans have done as much as

:03:07.:03:11.

they can to make the city look good for President Obama. Not only in old

:03:12.:03:16.

Havana where he'll be going on a walkabout shortly if the weather

:03:17.:03:19.

clears, but in other parts of the city, the streets he'll drive on,

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the streets from the airport and in the city on which he'll drive. They

:03:24.:03:30.

haven painted buildings, repaired the pavement and put up some bill

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boards. Posters have been put up of President Obama himself, including

:03:35.:03:41.

one of Obama and Raul Castro, things that you wouldn't have believed you

:03:42.:03:47.

would have seen just 18 months ago. The city has been undergoing a

:03:48.:03:50.

make-over for President Obama and the people themselves have been

:03:51.:03:54.

eagerly looking forward to his visit. I think many are fairly

:03:55.:03:59.

understanding that him actually stepping on to Cuban soil isn't

:04:00.:04:04.

going to radically thing their lives right away.

:04:05.:04:11.

The reproachment happened and Cubans' lives haven't changed right

:04:12.:04:16.

away. But they understand the symbolic importance of Mr Obama.

:04:17.:04:25.

Visiting with his entire family, Malia, Sasha and Michelle. We won't

:04:26.:04:28.

see the streets swamped. Cubans have been encouraged to stay

:04:29.:04:46.

home during this visit. The weather is not so great at the

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moment. The images of endless sunshine here, but you get,

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especially at this time of year what they call cold fronts and rain

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sweeping in, which is bad timing unfortunately. So less people on the

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street for this reason. Also, as you said, the Cubans government have

:05:04.:05:05.

been telling people it would be better for them if they didn't come

:05:06.:05:09.

out on the street. There'll be street closures for security

:05:10.:05:13.

reasons. They wouldn't get a close look at the President anyway.

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Anything else President Obama does during this trip, the emphasis of

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the trip has been on the Cuban people. President Obama will be

:05:32.:05:34.

meeting President Castro and there'll be press conferences and

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pomp and ceremony around that. The Obama administration's always said

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its policy is aimed at engaging the Cuban people and hoping that will

:05:43.:05:48.

bring change about, rather than isolating the leadership.

:05:49.:05:54.

Stimulating the private sector is a big part of the American approach.

:05:55.:06:00.

He'll go to a baseball game. Again, something common between Cuba and

:06:01.:06:04.

the United States. They all love baseball and a lot of the American

:06:05.:06:07.

leagues are Cuban. He's also going to address the nation, he'll be

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speaking at a famous theatre down town.

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Remarks will be broadcast on state television which would be

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unprecedented. It's an amazing thing that this is something they plan to

:06:22.:06:25.

do, meaning all Cubans will be able to hear his message. He'll be

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meeting with the dissidents that the Americans have been backing all

:06:31.:06:34.

along, saying this is an issue of human rights to stand up against an

:06:35.:06:40.

authoritarian regime, something the government said they wouldn't want

:06:41.:06:44.

interference on but it's something Mr Obama is going to be raising with

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President Raul Castro, that is the area of his visit.

:06:53.:07:00.

Really gad to check in with you Barbara. For now, thank you.

:07:01.:07:08.

Dr Helen, who is still hear with me in the studio from the London school

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of economics, Barbara touched on it at the end there that President

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Obama will be meeting with political dissidents during this visit,

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including this group that was demonstrating a few hours before his

:07:22.:07:25.

arrival the ladies in white. Could you explain who they are and the

:07:26.:07:28.

significance of that? The ladies many white got set up as

:07:29.:07:34.

the wives and sisters of a group of people who were arrested a few years

:07:35.:07:40.

ago and accused by the Cuban government of receiving money from

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the US or through agencies funded by the US to break the laws in Cuba

:07:46.:07:52.

through various means of promoting regime change. The interesting thing

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is that all those prisoners have subsequently been released in Cuba,

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they have had an amnesty. But the ladies in white have continued

:08:05.:08:08.

protesting, they are free to do so, they have a protest every week and

:08:09.:08:14.

obviously for them, the opportunity provided by Obama's visit to draw a

:08:15.:08:20.

bit of the Spotlight to themselves, is something that wouldn't be

:08:21.:08:23.

missed. They are a controversial group, they don't have much

:08:24.:08:29.

following, hardly any among the Cuban people, not least because they

:08:30.:08:31.

receive payment for their activism. So the payment they receive for

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attending one march is almost the same as a monthly average monthly

:08:36.:08:41.

salary of a Cuban. That is interesting. Yes. Important to

:08:42.:08:46.

remember that although there's been so many steps taken in the lead up

:08:47.:08:51.

to this visit in terms of the thawing of relations, including

:08:52.:08:54.

economic relations between the two, this visit does not mark the

:08:55.:08:59.

complete normalisation of a relationship between Cuba and the US

:09:00.:09:03.

because that 54-year-old economic embargo, that's still in place isn't

:09:04.:09:10.

it? Absolutely. It's codified in law through congress so it would require

:09:11.:09:16.

a vote. However, the Cubans have been very clear in laying out the

:09:17.:09:20.

aspects that could be removed very quickly by executive degree. Obama

:09:21.:09:25.

took some measures, or rather his administration did, which were

:09:26.:09:29.

announced a couple of days ago. Among these measures, it gives you

:09:30.:09:33.

an idea, I don't think people realise the extent of the blockade,

:09:34.:09:38.

so one of the measures that's just been removed was that US citizens

:09:39.:09:44.

visiting any country in Europe would have been breaking the law to drink

:09:45.:09:50.

any drink that had a Cuban product in, so if they'd gone to a bar, I'm

:09:51.:09:54.

thinking about my students at the London School of Economics, there

:09:55.:09:57.

are many from the US, if they went to the student bar and had a Cuba

:09:58.:10:03.

drink, they would have been violating the US blockade. So there

:10:04.:10:09.

are some quite absurd measures which are thankfully being removed. But

:10:10.:10:16.

it's interesting that all this sort of apparatus or infrastructure

:10:17.:10:22.

that's impeding the relationship is on the US side so the onus is really

:10:23.:10:28.

on the United States administration and Obama has shown, particularly

:10:29.:10:31.

with the announcement a couple of days ago, that he is serious. There

:10:32.:10:36.

are many more measures he can take using his presidential privilege.

:10:37.:10:40.

What a wonderful first step to have been taken today, the first of many

:10:41.:10:44.

perhaps. Dr Helen from the London school of economics, many thanks.

:10:45.:10:50.

We are following this historic visit on BBC News, by not only President

:10:51.:10:59.

Barack Obama but also his wife Michelle, their daughters Sasha and

:11:00.:11:02.

Malia having touched down in the last half hour or so on the runway

:11:03.:11:08.

in Havana in Cuba, the first visit by a sitting US President in 88

:11:09.:11:14.

years. More on the BBC website and we'll be returning to this, our top

:11:15.:11:17.

story here on BBC News throughout the hour.

:11:18.:11:21.

There is some other news happening in the world, including officials in

:11:22.:11:25.

Turkey, saying that the suicide bomber behind an attack in Istanbul

:11:26.:11:29.

on Saturday has been identified as a member of the Islamic state militant

:11:30.:11:33.

group. The Interior Minister announced the findings of their

:11:34.:11:38.

investigation, referring to Islamic state as Daesh.

:11:39.:11:45.

Our findings though the terrorist is afilliated with the terrorists of

:11:46.:11:53.

Daesh. We investigated whether there are other connections to others

:11:54.:11:57.

behind the attack. The information I received was there was no warrant

:11:58.:12:04.

issued so far. Fever people have been detained. -- five people have

:12:05.:12:08.

been detained. Five people were killed

:12:09.:12:10.

and more than 30 wounded And the city remains on edge today

:12:11.:12:13.

as officials postponed a football match earlier, citing

:12:14.:12:18.

an unspecified threat. Daniel Boettcher has

:12:19.:12:20.

the latest from Istanbul. This is the heart of Istanbul, its

:12:21.:12:28.

most popular shopping street. This is where the suicide bombing

:12:29.:12:31.

happened yesterday. Last night this area was emptied. People are coming

:12:32.:12:34.

back out on to the streets here. The authorities say they have now

:12:35.:12:38.

formally identified the suicide bomber who they say was linked to

:12:39.:12:45.

Islamic state. This is the site of the bombing and people have put up

:12:46.:12:50.

banners saying "we are not afraid, we are not going away". There's

:12:51.:12:54.

carnations that have been set on the ground there. There's a mood of

:12:55.:12:58.

defiance. Some people are staying away. This area would normally be

:12:59.:13:05.

even busier on a weekend. Some embassies have been warning

:13:06.:13:09.

visitors, tourists, to stay away from crowded areas and from the main

:13:10.:13:14.

tourist sites. There is a sense here of a city on

:13:15.:13:17.

edge and while the main concerns are of course about safety and security,

:13:18.:13:21.

people are also beginning to wonder what all of this will mean for

:13:22.:13:25.

businesses like these for shops, restaurants, cafes and also for

:13:26.:13:29.

Turkey's tourism. I'm a restaurant owner so I know

:13:30.:13:37.

that it's going to a risk. For a couple of months actually, there's a

:13:38.:13:41.

huge decrease in the number of people coming to the restaurant. How

:13:42.:13:45.

would you judge the mood amongst people in Istanbul at the moment?

:13:46.:13:49.

It's the first time that we are living in that kind of mood that any

:13:50.:13:58.

time, anywhere, there could be blast bombings. This has been the fourth

:13:59.:14:02.

suicide bombing in Turkey's two main cities this year and, although there

:14:03.:14:09.

isn't a visible presence, there is a heightened state of security as

:14:10.:14:16.

Turkey faces threats from Kurdish militants. Some other news: The

:14:17.:14:23.

lawyer for Paris attack suspect says he's planning legal action against a

:14:24.:14:29.

French prosecutor for revealing details of his first interrogation

:14:30.:14:34.

to journalists. The prosecutor told reporters that he admitted backing

:14:35.:14:38.

out of blowing himself up during the November attacks.

:14:39.:14:46.

The European Union's new rules for migrants crossing from Turkey

:14:47.:14:48.

From today, all migrants who don't prove a case for asylum in Europe

:14:49.:14:52.

can expect to be sent back to Turkey.

:14:53.:14:54.

But the new rules haven't stopped people from making the short

:14:55.:14:57.

but dangerous trip from Turkey to the Greek Island of Lesbos.

:14:58.:15:00.

It's emerged it could take months to decode the flight data recorders

:15:01.:15:03.

from a plane that crashed while trying to land at Rostov

:15:04.:15:06.

It happened in the early hours of Saturday killing all 62

:15:07.:15:11.

The chief executive of FlyDubai made an appeal not to speculate

:15:12.:15:18.

A top Rwandan genocide suspect has been sent

:15:19.:15:27.

from the Democratic Republic of Congo to Rwanda where

:15:28.:15:30.

Ladislas Ntaganzwa is accused of organising the killing and sexual

:15:31.:15:33.

abuse of tens of thousands of ethnic Tutsis in 1994.

:15:34.:15:36.

The US had placed a five-million-dollar bounty

:15:37.:15:38.

Do stay with us. Still to come from Rome to deal, famous landmarks

:15:39.:15:54.

around the world go dark as part of a huge campaign to these awareness

:15:55.:16:04.

of environmental issues. Here in the UK the fallout has continued from

:16:05.:16:08.

the dramatic resignation from the government of Iain Duncan Smith, the

:16:09.:16:12.

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. Today, in his first

:16:13.:16:18.

interview since stepping down on Friday, Mr Duncan Smith repeated his

:16:19.:16:22.

criticisms of the government planned cuts to disability announced by

:16:23.:16:26.

Chancellor George Osborne earlier this week. He is Mr Duncan Smith

:16:27.:16:34.

speaking to the BBC's Andrew Marr. ?33 billion a year out of working

:16:35.:16:38.

age benefits. My argument now is we cannot on doing this. Too far now,

:16:39.:16:45.

the straw that broke the back? I care for my countrymen and women, I

:16:46.:16:49.

am resigning because I want my government to think again about this

:16:50.:16:52.

and get back to that position which I believe is about an a one nation.

:16:53.:16:57.

This is not some second attempt to attack the Prime Minister or

:16:58.:17:01.

anything about Europe. It is nothing to do with that at all. This is ABC

:17:02.:17:11.

world News today. The latest headlines: Michael making history,

:17:12.:17:19.

President Obama arrives in Cuba. He is the first US president to visit

:17:20.:17:26.

for nearly 90 years. Now, in us carrying foreign students has

:17:27.:17:28.

crashed in Spain cooling at least 13 people. The accident happened early

:17:29.:17:33.

in the morning on the highway between Valencia and worse alone.

:17:34.:17:40.

Most of the 57 people on board the bus where international students on

:17:41.:17:44.

an EU exchange programme returning to Barcelona after a fireworks

:17:45.:17:49.

festival. I have been speaking to our reporter in Madrid who has more

:17:50.:17:54.

details on this terrible crash. Well, we have heard from both the

:17:55.:17:59.

regional government of Catalonia with this accident happened and from

:18:00.:18:03.

the central government in Spain but they believe that this was human

:18:04.:18:09.

error, this accident was caused by human error, the driver certainly

:18:10.:18:12.

seems to have lost control of the bus in the early hours of this

:18:13.:18:17.

morning. It appeared across the road heading a barrier then veered into

:18:18.:18:21.

the middle of the road and turned over on its side and a car coming in

:18:22.:18:26.

the other direction then struck the bus and 13 people were killed on the

:18:27.:18:32.

bus in that accident. Other people have an taken to hospital throat the

:18:33.:18:37.

day. Many of them have been discharged throughout the day but

:18:38.:18:42.

the investigators at this moment are still looking into exactly what

:18:43.:18:46.

happened and they are trying to identify the bodies. The

:18:47.:18:51.

nationalities and identities of the 13 people who were killed, all of

:18:52.:18:56.

whom were young women. Let's catch up with all the latest sports news

:18:57.:19:03.

now. I am Jessica Crichton and I have the latest in the sports news.

:19:04.:19:08.

Marco Fu Ashford scored the only goal of the game as Manchester

:19:09.:19:13.

United week rivals Manchester City in the Derby. The 18-year-old coolly

:19:14.:19:18.

slotted home in the 15th minute and now just a point between fourth

:19:19.:19:22.

placed city who also lost Raheem Sterling and Joe Hart to injury. We

:19:23.:19:27.

have to fight to the end because we were tired. We have played Thursday

:19:28.:19:33.

and they have pleased Tuesday or Wednesday, I don't know but one day

:19:34.:19:39.

more and that is very important. We did it also against Arsenal. If you

:19:40.:19:46.

weeks ago. Now again against Manchester City so, here you are

:19:47.:19:54.

seeing a very road manager. We dominated the game from the first

:19:55.:20:01.

minute. We mist three or four chances to score. He scored the goal

:20:02.:20:07.

in a mistake we made defending and that was the thing. Every player

:20:08.:20:13.

makes mistakes but Martin Demichelis did not have a great day today.

:20:14.:20:19.

Every player has a bad day, I think he was nervous and it was not good

:20:20.:20:24.

for him to continue but we didn't score a goal and that is not his

:20:25.:20:29.

fault. Also in the English Premier League Tottenham have cut Leicester

:20:30.:20:34.

City's read at the top 25 points after a win against Bournemouth, two

:20:35.:20:39.

goals from Harry Kane and one from Christain Eriksen shows the title

:20:40.:20:43.

race is not over yet. Leicester played before us and most of the

:20:44.:20:46.

games coming up so we know what we have to do but it is still a long

:20:47.:20:51.

way to go. A lot of points up for grabs but we go away now in the

:20:52.:20:55.

National break and we focus on that and when we come back it is a game

:20:56.:21:01.

away from then and we have to focus. Two other results to tell you about

:21:02.:21:06.

from England's top-flight. The result in the north-east derby

:21:07.:21:09.

leaves both in the relegation zone. Liverpool lost 3-2 to Southampton.

:21:10.:21:18.

Nico Rosberg has won the first race of the Formula 1 season in

:21:19.:21:22.

Australia. He finished ahead of Lewis Hamilton, Sebastian Vettel

:21:23.:21:30.

came third. After 17 yards it was halted after this man hit the

:21:31.:21:36.

concrete wall but was able to walk away seemingly unhurt. The Moto GP

:21:37.:21:42.

season is underway in Qatar. Jorge Lorenzo took the win. And as the

:21:43.:21:51.

world T20 tournament South Africa have winds back from their opening

:21:52.:21:56.

game defeat to England by beating Afghanistan by 37 runs. South Africa

:21:57.:22:01.

made 209 from the 20 overs, the sixth highest total ever. AB de

:22:02.:22:07.

Villiers made 64 including 29 off just one over. Afghanistan is

:22:08.:22:13.

Mohammed Shazad made 20 overs of 19 balls but it was not enough to win

:22:14.:22:17.

the game the other light for 172. The Indies have listed their chances

:22:18.:22:22.

of regressing from the same group. Chris Gayle did not bat for the West

:22:23.:22:28.

Indies because of injury, Sri Lanka were reduced to 120 949. The West

:22:29.:22:35.

Indies not that off with almost two overs to spare. Serena Williams has

:22:36.:22:40.

been beaten. The world number one went down in straight sets to the

:22:41.:22:45.

fact teens seed six -- four, 6-4. The men's final is underway now.

:22:46.:22:54.

That is all the sport for now. Many thanks. Let's go back now to have

:22:55.:23:03.

banner and our correspondence I will ask on what has been an historic day

:23:04.:23:09.

the first visit of the US president to due in nearly 90 years. We were

:23:10.:23:13.

talking earlier about the significance of this visit and also

:23:14.:23:17.

what is on the agenda because it sounds like nothing is off the table

:23:18.:23:21.

when it comes to the discussions that will take least not only

:23:22.:23:25.

between President Obama and his counterpart role Haass talks but

:23:26.:23:31.

also the ordinary people of Cuba. -- Raul Castro. Yes, a lot to talk

:23:32.:23:38.

about. On the agenda for the official talks what the Americans

:23:39.:23:41.

would like to see particularly from an economic point of view is for the

:23:42.:23:46.

Cuban government to respond to the steps the US has been taking. The US

:23:47.:23:50.

has eased some of the sanctions, allowed more trade and some

:23:51.:23:55.

interaction but it needs steps on the Cuban side for that to move

:23:56.:23:59.

ahead and the Cubans have been reluctant. They have economic

:24:00.:24:01.

reforms that they have been working on that have an slow in general but

:24:02.:24:08.

on top of that I think he would also want to be moving quite cautiously

:24:09.:24:12.

when it comes to the US because of their very fraught history. They do

:24:13.:24:16.

not trust the US is stored at the Andy moving slowly possibly for that

:24:17.:24:22.

reason. The Americans will possibly bring up democracy and human rights.

:24:23.:24:27.

They have do because that has been the centre point of their policy

:24:28.:24:31.

towards Cuba for the last few years. Something critics back home will be

:24:32.:24:35.

looking for. The Cubans said we will talk about anything but we will not

:24:36.:24:39.

be negotiating, we have our own system of government. Evidence we

:24:40.:24:43.

think are mercenaries underfunded ride the US out against state. Those

:24:44.:24:48.

positions which have an like that for years are not going to change

:24:49.:24:52.

and I do not think the Americans expect that to change but the issue

:24:53.:24:56.

will be raised. President Obama has a full agenda of meeting Cuban

:24:57.:25:00.

people in various settings one of which will be to meet entrepreneurs

:25:01.:25:06.

because a big part of the policy is to try to stimulate the private

:25:07.:25:09.

sector. He will also attend a baseball game and meet with some

:25:10.:25:13.

dissidents at the embassy, some of whom support what he is doing and

:25:14.:25:18.

say the best way to do with our problems is to have a more open

:25:19.:25:21.

environment between the US and Cuba and some new say he is selling them

:25:22.:25:27.

out because he is giving the Cuban government legitimacy when it has

:25:28.:25:29.

not changed its authoritarian policies. Good to talk to you. On

:25:30.:25:36.

the streets of the rainy Habana awaiting the arrival of President

:25:37.:25:43.

Barack Obama and the entire first family from the United States.

:25:44.:25:48.

Barack Obama touched down on the runway in Havana about 40 minutes

:25:49.:25:53.

ago with his wife and daughters marking the significance of what is

:25:54.:25:58.

a truly historic visit. From all of us here at BBC News, fax for

:25:59.:26:09.

watching. -- thank you for watching. Hello again we are expecting a big

:26:10.:26:13.

change in the weather pattern later this week. Or the moment it is as

:26:14.:26:18.

you wear, high-pressure sitting close to the

:26:19.:26:19.

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