21/03/2016 World News Today


21/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 21/03/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

America's man in Havana, Barack Obama, tells Cubans

:00:00.:00:12.

History in Havana, President Obama and President Raul Castro meet

:00:13.:00:19.

at the Revolutionary Palace, the seat of the Cuban government.

:00:20.:00:31.

This is a new day between our two countries.

:00:32.:00:37.

This is the scene live in Havana, where we're expecting

:00:38.:00:41.

Presidents Obama and Castro to deliver statements shortly.

:00:42.:00:56.

They will be celebrating that historic event.

:00:57.:01:00.

The International Criminal Court finds former Congolese vice

:01:01.:01:01.

president Jean-Pierre Bemba guilty of war crimes

:01:02.:01:03.

As the British Parliament debates whether the atrocities committed

:01:04.:01:06.

against Middle East religious minorities are a genocide,

:01:07.:01:10.

we hear from a Yazidi survivor of Islamic State.

:01:11.:01:19.

They ruined our lives. They raped us, they left us with nothing, they

:01:20.:01:24.

took everything. It's never made a profit,

:01:25.:01:26.

so what does the future hold In an historic moment,

:01:27.:01:30.

US President Obama has held talks with his Cuban counterpart,

:01:31.:01:54.

Raul Castro, on the second day Speaking a short time ago,

:01:55.:01:56.

Raul Castro said he welcomed Obama's commitment to end the trade embargo

:01:57.:02:02.

imposed by the US 54 years ago, but said more restrictions needed

:02:03.:02:09.

to be lifted. The blockade stands as the most

:02:10.:02:22.

important obstacle to our economic development. That's why its removal

:02:23.:02:34.

will be of the of the essence to normalise relations. The road ahead

:02:35.:02:39.

will not be easy, as you indicated. Fortunately, we don't have to swim

:02:40.:02:43.

with sharks in order to achieve the goals we have set forth. As you say

:02:44.:02:52.

here in Cuba, despite the difficulties, we will continue to

:02:53.:02:53.

move forward. US President Barack Obama insisted

:02:54.:02:55.

that the differences between their two governments won't

:02:56.:02:57.

be a barrier to future cooperation. And we can cross live to Havana now

:02:58.:03:04.

and the BBC's Laura Trevelyan. What did you make of the two

:03:05.:03:17.

Presidents? Well, wasn't it fascinating, that even though both

:03:18.:03:20.

men talked about how their countries were working together, they both

:03:21.:03:25.

talked about what Raul Castro called the profound differences between the

:03:26.:03:29.

two countries, chiefly on human rights and democracy. Just as

:03:30.:03:32.

President Castro was taking a final question from an American journalist

:03:33.:03:37.

just a few moments ago, he said, for example, "I think human rights

:03:38.:03:40.

should not be politicised. If that is the purpose, we will stay the

:03:41.:03:46.

same." He also said, "Is there any sacred right than the right to

:03:47.:03:53.

health? " The difference between the health care systems. The Americans

:03:54.:03:57.

want to focus on the fact that the Cubans crackdown on dissidents and

:03:58.:04:00.

political activists. President Obama talking about this being a major

:04:01.:04:05.

irritant, the Cuban record on human rights and democracy. And the Cubans

:04:06.:04:09.

coming right back at them with President Castro being very testy on

:04:10.:04:14.

the issue of political prisoners. Clearly, the tension is there, but

:04:15.:04:19.

also both countries and men talking about the need to work together. The

:04:20.:04:25.

question of political prisoners, that was something that came up from

:04:26.:04:29.

the floor. My understanding of the tone and the mood of that... Of the

:04:30.:04:35.

press conference, once it was open to the journalist is, is that the

:04:36.:04:40.

questions focused on the issue of the embargo, that was raised at

:04:41.:04:45.

least four or five times, and that issue of political prisoners. Sadly,

:04:46.:04:54.

I think we have lost the line to our correspondent. She was listening in

:04:55.:05:00.

to that press conference for us, those joint statements between

:05:01.:05:04.

President Erica Balmer and Raul Castro on the second day of this

:05:05.:05:09.

historic visit by a sitting US President, the first time that has

:05:10.:05:13.

happened in 88 years. As Laura was saying, fascinating as to what both

:05:14.:05:21.

Presidents had to say, both focusing on the positive steps that have been

:05:22.:05:25.

taken in bringing these two nations closer together, but, a central

:05:26.:05:31.

theme, the embargo that he has been in place the 54 years is still in

:05:32.:05:35.

place. It requires a vote by Congress in order to lift. We will

:05:36.:05:39.

hopefully get Laura back later on for a bit more analysis. Let's have

:05:40.:05:43.

a look at some of the day's other news.

:05:44.:05:45.

The head of the Syrian government delegation at the Geneva talks has

:05:46.:05:48.

again ruled out any discussion about the future of President Assad.

:05:49.:05:50.

Bashar Ja'afari also said progress was slow at the talks.

:05:51.:05:53.

He was speaking after meeting UN envoy Staffan de Mistura.

:05:54.:05:59.

Migrants stranded at the Greece-Macedonia border

:06:00.:06:01.

in appalling conditions have staged a protest,

:06:02.:06:05.

Men, women and children took part, chanting "Open the border."

:06:06.:06:11.

Around 12,000 people have stayed put there,

:06:12.:06:13.

despite the Balkan migrant route towards Germany being closed.

:06:14.:06:17.

According to new Greek government figures, 50,000 migrants

:06:18.:06:21.

are currently trapped in the country.

:06:22.:06:26.

Israel says it has rescued some of the last remaining Jews

:06:27.:06:28.

19 people from Sanaa and the town of Raydah were flown to Israel

:06:29.:06:34.

They include a rabbi who brought an ancient Torah scroll with him.

:06:35.:06:40.

An Israeli minister said their lives were threatened by Shia Houthi

:06:41.:06:43.

rebels who are fighting a Saudi-led coalition.

:06:44.:06:49.

The Islamist group Al Shabaab has attacked an army base

:06:50.:06:51.

The militant group says it killed 73 Somali soldiers at the base

:06:52.:06:58.

at Laanta Buuro, and seized seven military vehicles.

:06:59.:07:02.

That's contradicted by the Somali army, which says one soldier

:07:03.:07:04.

Former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba has been found

:07:05.:07:16.

guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

:07:17.:07:20.

The International Criminal Court in the Hague has ruled

:07:21.:07:24.

that he was responsible for murders and rapes carried out by his troops

:07:25.:07:49.

It is alleged that the troops went on a rampage, killing and raping

:07:50.:08:34.

hundreds of civilians, as well as looting.

:08:35.:08:37.

MSC members and former collaborators of Jean-Pierre Bemba travelled

:08:38.:08:41.

to the Hague to show their support on a day of verdict.

:08:42.:08:52.

TRANSLATION: The court recognised there were unnamed protagonists

:08:53.:08:55.

like Francois Bozize and Patasse, with allies on both sides.

:08:56.:08:58.

He's very confident he has nothing to feel guilty about.

:08:59.:09:12.

TRANSLATION: Today is the big day for the victims,

:09:13.:09:18.

and for myself, as their representative.

:09:19.:09:22.

Because today the international justice recognises their

:09:23.:09:25.

This is the first case and the International Criminal Court

:09:26.:09:32.

to have primarily focused on rape as a weapon of war.

:09:33.:09:38.

of military commanders who overlook such crimes.

:09:39.:09:44.

His lawyers are expected to appeal today's verdict.

:09:45.:09:57.

Belgium's federal prosecutor says investigators are far from solving

:09:58.:09:59.

what he described as "the puzzle of the Paris attacks."

:10:00.:10:06.

pieces of the puzzle have fallen into place in the past few days.

:10:07.:10:11.

New video has emerged showing the moment that Abdeslam was shot

:10:12.:10:14.

during the raid in Brussels on Friday.

:10:15.:10:25.

Belgian investigators have also named a suspected accomplice

:10:26.:10:39.

TRANSLATION: We know that the inquiry isn't over

:10:40.:10:42.

and there are other individuals who must still be found so they can

:10:43.:10:46.

I would like to acknowledge the huge work done by all our teams on both

:10:47.:10:51.

sides of the border and to express my condolences to all victims

:10:52.:10:54.

On Thursday, we reported a decision of US Secretary of State,

:10:55.:11:05.

John Kerry, to recognise atrocities committed by so-called Islamic State

:11:06.:11:08.

as genocide against religious minorities in the Middle East.

:11:09.:11:15.

In the British Parliament, a cross-party group in the House

:11:16.:11:18.

of Lords wants a similar declaration by the UK government.

:11:19.:11:22.

There was a unanimous vote along similar lines

:11:23.:11:24.

in the European Parliament last month.

:11:25.:11:27.

However, the British government has refused to make such a declaration,

:11:28.:11:30.

insisting it is a matter for international judicial bodies.

:11:31.:11:39.

These are live pictures we are looking at right now of the House of

:11:40.:11:45.

Lords where that amendment to the bill is going to be debated.

:11:46.:11:48.

Before the American administration reached a determination of genocide,

:11:49.:11:50.

the US Congress first took evidence from a range of human rights

:11:51.:11:54.

Jacqueline Isaac is a lawyer from California, who recorded

:11:55.:11:59.

witness statements of survivors from the Christian and Yazidi

:12:00.:12:02.

She spoke to Ekhlas, a Yazidi survivor who has found

:12:03.:12:07.

In a recording made by Jacqueline, she described how her family

:12:08.:12:14.

was kidnapped on the Sinjar Plain in Iraq and what then happened

:12:15.:12:18.

to them, and to her, aged just 15 years old.

:12:19.:12:22.

A warning, her evidence is disturbing.

:12:23.:12:26.

They kidnapped and killed my father and my two brothers.

:12:27.:12:31.

Yes, I saw my father killed in front of my eyes.

:12:32.:12:40.

I was gripping my brother's hand and told him,

:12:41.:12:46.

Yet, he let me go because they killed him.

:12:47.:12:54.

The sounds of the gunshots, they will never leave my ears.

:12:55.:12:58.

They took over the government prison and put you in it?

:12:59.:13:15.

Yes. All of us.

:13:16.:13:18.

Boys, girls, children, women, all of us.

:13:19.:13:26.

How did you feel when you were in prison?

:13:27.:13:28.

I always asked myself, why did this happen?

:13:29.:13:35.

Did we deserve to be orphanes with no family,

:13:36.:13:54.

I saw with my own eyes a man over 40 years old,

:13:55.:14:01.

maybe 42 or 45, he took a girl ten years old,

:14:02.:14:06.

What law would allow a man to use the name Allah to call on Allah

:14:07.:14:13.

and then kill the men and rape the women?

:14:14.:14:16.

What law? What religion?

:14:17.:14:18.

What religion would allow that? They don't have a religion.

:14:19.:14:31.

A survivor talking to the lawyer, Jaclyn Isaacs.

:14:32.:14:35.

Congressman Chris Smith is a Republican who sits

:14:36.:14:37.

on the Congressional Foreign Affairs Committee.

:14:38.:14:38.

Really good to talk to you. Thank you. I know you listen to that

:14:39.:14:53.

testimony from the girl when Jack clean first put it before Congress.

:14:54.:14:58.

I know you've also been instrumental in pushing for this declaration of

:14:59.:15:04.

genocide. On Thursday, John Kerry deemed the actions of Isis against

:15:05.:15:10.

the Yazidis and other minorities in Iraqi and Syria as genocide. What

:15:11.:15:14.

does that mean? What is going to happen in practical terms? It a

:15:15.:15:18.

great question, and I've been pushing, chairing five congressional

:15:19.:15:24.

hearings, going back to 2013, asking that such it is ignition be made. We

:15:25.:15:29.

missed it on Rwanda and Srebrenica which came later, and I've been to

:15:30.:15:35.

those places, and the international community needs to rally, and we

:15:36.:15:40.

welcome Secretary Carey's statement on Thursday which followed, as you

:15:41.:15:44.

pointed out, a unanimous vote, Republicans and Democrats alike in

:15:45.:15:47.

the House of Representatives. There are a number of things. The genocide

:15:48.:15:53.

couldn't be clearer. Those who are responsible for these crimes of

:15:54.:15:57.

genocide need to be held personally responsible. There needs to be a

:15:58.:16:05.

prosecution. The ICC is one venue. I think, and I have held hearings on

:16:06.:16:09.

this as well, and a resolution passed on Monday, the same day the

:16:10.:16:16.

genocide designation past was my resolution calling for a tribunal

:16:17.:16:26.

similar to Yugoslavia, so we can get convictions. It is hard work,

:16:27.:16:31.

building a case against these individuals, doing it aggressively,

:16:32.:16:35.

having the nimbleness that these ad hoc courts have shown, and I think

:16:36.:16:39.

that'll make a difference. And we will be looking at those. We have

:16:40.:16:44.

now been designated as targeted genocide. Get them to a place where

:16:45.:16:52.

they can continue living without rape. It is a great symbolic step

:16:53.:16:59.

getting John Kerry to use the word genocide, the last time the US used

:17:00.:17:04.

it was in 2004 when colon Powell referred to doff or as a genocide.

:17:05.:17:10.

Is going to mean further feet on the ground? Is it going to mean the

:17:11.:17:15.

victims of this genocide are given asylum in the States? What does it

:17:16.:17:19.

mean? That is a great question. It means we need to provide asylum for

:17:20.:17:26.

those. If this isn't a well founded fear of persecution, the definition

:17:27.:17:30.

of asylum, I don't know what is. It needs all of us, the whole

:17:31.:17:33.

international committee, including the US, needs to step up. Even for

:17:34.:17:42.

the ICC designation, has it happened? It would be a flawed

:17:43.:17:47.

approach but at least it would be something. I think the regional

:17:48.:17:50.

courts are one way of going. We need to look at a safe haven, not like

:17:51.:17:55.

Srebrenica, and the UN safe havens joined the Bosnian war, which turned

:17:56.:18:01.

out to be areas where people were slaughtered. We need to double down.

:18:02.:18:05.

Of course, there is a ceasefire in effect against Al-Nusra Front and

:18:06.:18:12.

Isis. And that is a good thing, and I'm glad that was brokered. But

:18:13.:18:16.

there is much more needs to be done. We are talking about 470,000 people

:18:17.:18:21.

dead high-end estimate. The UN doesn't count anymore, they felt it

:18:22.:18:27.

was too unreliable. But needs to be done and humanitarian access, there

:18:28.:18:31.

are a number of areas where that access hasn't been provided. Russia

:18:32.:18:35.

needs to be put on the Assad government. Most of the killings in

:18:36.:18:39.

Syria are the result of his barrel bombing and killing, his troops. So,

:18:40.:18:46.

a tribunal would include all players, just as we did in

:18:47.:18:51.

Yugoslavia, just as we did in Sierra Leone and everywhere else. I'm

:18:52.:18:54.

afraid we will have to leave it there. Thank you for joining us live

:18:55.:18:59.

from Washington. I should also mention that last month the Council

:19:00.:19:03.

of Europe and the EU Parliament also deemed these similar offences as

:19:04.:19:08.

genocide. And this amendment to a bill currently debated in the House

:19:09.:19:10.

of Lords hearing the today as well. Now, believe it or not,

:19:11.:19:14.

it's ten years since the first The 140 character limit tweet has

:19:15.:19:17.

become a feature of millions of people's lives, with 500 million

:19:18.:19:21.

tweets now sent every day. But some have stood

:19:22.:19:24.

out more than others. And others that have produced iconic

:19:25.:19:27.

images of our time. Well, that came from Twitter

:19:28.:19:32.

co-founder Jack Dorsey, Those missing vowels would come

:19:33.:19:37.

a few months later. But what about the humble hashtag,

:19:38.:19:45.

something we now use to group tweets Well, the very first pound sign

:19:46.:19:48.

was used by Chris Mosina, a technology expert,

:19:49.:19:54.

over a year later, in August 2007. The platform really took off

:19:55.:19:58.

as a medium for breaking news in 2009, when a ferry passenger

:19:59.:20:01.

on the Hudson River in New York sent It's of US Airways Flight 1549 just

:20:02.:20:06.

after it touched down in the frigid But for some time news hasn't been

:20:07.:20:14.

restricted to our planet earth. So, in 2010, NASA astronaut

:20:15.:20:22.

Timothy Creamer became the first person to tweet live

:20:23.:20:26.

from the International The power of Twitter

:20:27.:20:28.

hasn't gone unnoticed. Many of the world's most powerful

:20:29.:20:34.

and prominent leaders have taken British Prime Minister David Cameron

:20:35.:20:36.

is on there, as is Iran's Supreme So, in December 2012,

:20:37.:20:40.

the Pope joined, sending this tweet. Other high profile users include

:20:41.:20:50.

Indian Prime minister Narendra Modi, They used Twitter in 2013

:20:51.:20:52.

to announce the birth of the third in line to the British throne,

:20:53.:20:58.

Prince George. One of the most popular public

:20:59.:21:02.

figures remains the US President. He celebrated the win of his second

:21:03.:21:06.

term by tweeting this picture At the time of the 2012 elections,

:21:07.:21:10.

they just numbered over 16 million. He now has over 70

:21:11.:21:18.

million followers. But one of the most retweeted

:21:19.:21:22.

images, with over three million retweets to date, was the Hollywood

:21:23.:21:24.

superstar selfie, taken at the Oscar ceremony in March 2014,

:21:25.:21:30.

featuring such silver screen luminaries as Brad Pitt

:21:31.:21:35.

and Kevin Spacey, and taken by that Rupert Goodwins is a technology

:21:36.:21:37.

journalist and he joins me now So, do you have 70 million

:21:38.:21:58.

followers? No, I have 4800 but I love them all dearly. That is better

:21:59.:22:03.

than most! Do you remember sending your first week? I don't but I can

:22:04.:22:14.

look it up. It says twittering, the deepest thought I had that day. Ten

:22:15.:22:19.

years on, do you think Twitter is where it wants to be? It wants to be

:22:20.:22:24.

making money, which it isn't doing. It is turning over $2 million a year

:22:25.:22:31.

or so, which isn't bad, but it is losing 40 million. So it isn't

:22:32.:22:36.

making money. It's place in the heart of the online world is

:22:37.:22:42.

assured. People are using it to talk back to customer service people, and

:22:43.:22:46.

President Obama. We wait to see whether President Obama and the Pope

:22:47.:22:50.

and the Ayatollah Khamenei will talk to each other. That might happen

:22:51.:22:55.

yet. Is that the appeal of Twitter, the fact that you can have immediate

:22:56.:23:00.

interaction with these incredibly high profile figures? I could send a

:23:01.:23:04.

tweet right now to the Ayatollah Khamenei, I could tweak the

:23:05.:23:06.

president of the alert states, I could tweak the prime Minister. -- I

:23:07.:23:13.

could tweet the prime Minister. Is that the appeal? Stephen Fry is off

:23:14.:23:18.

Twitter at the moment but he will probably be back soon. They will

:23:19.:23:24.

either come back to you or re-tweet your tweet. In terms of delivering

:23:25.:23:28.

news quickly, there is nothing like it. When the plane landed in the

:23:29.:23:32.

Hudson River, everybody could see it faster than any new service could

:23:33.:23:35.

deliver it. It has the leading edge of news, it is unparalleled. Where

:23:36.:23:40.

do they go from here? They need to start turning a profit. Their

:23:41.:23:44.

revenues are rising but they are making money. How do they crack that

:23:45.:23:49.

conundrum of successfully monetising the site? If I knew that, I probably

:23:50.:23:56.

wouldn't be sitting here now. They've got this 300 million users

:23:57.:23:59.

using it every month at least. They've got a lot of money coming

:24:00.:24:03.

in. They are cutting their costs, and the making better and better

:24:04.:24:06.

advertising deals. The trick is they've got to do that alienating

:24:07.:24:11.

people. Twitter is personal. They don't like being poisoned by adverts

:24:12.:24:15.

or fiddled with. It is a delicate dance. It is a brand-new medium. It

:24:16.:24:21.

is one of the most rare brand-new mediums we have had in the very

:24:22.:24:24.

first century. They are finding out what happens, we are all there for

:24:25.:24:28.

the ride. It's not just the lack of money they are making but also the

:24:29.:24:34.

number of monthly users signing up. There was this huge growth we saw.

:24:35.:24:41.

Hazard plateaued? Are there still untapped markets? They've saturated

:24:42.:24:48.

one particular market. The trouble is Wall Street and venture

:24:49.:24:50.

capitalists see growth as the most important thing. They are not

:24:51.:24:53.

comfortable with something being static even though it is evolving so

:24:54.:24:57.

Twitter has to concentrate now not on finding new people but on making

:24:58.:25:02.

better use of the people they have. And new markets will arrive as

:25:03.:25:05.

perhaps new services are invented. The hash tag was invented by the

:25:06.:25:10.

users. So, with Twitter, new things pop up from anywhere, they have to

:25:11.:25:15.

keep refining it, making us use it more. OK, I will treat you, you can

:25:16.:25:21.

tweet me back. Good to talk to you. Talking to us about Twitter and

:25:22.:25:26.

their ten year anniversary. Happy birthday, Twitter.

:25:27.:25:29.

President Obama is holding talks with his Cuban counterpart,

:25:30.:25:33.

Raul Castro, on the second day of a historic visit

:25:34.:25:35.

They are meeting at the Revolutionary Palace,

:25:36.:25:38.

Earlier, Mr Obama laid a wreath at a monument to the country's

:25:39.:25:44.

But, for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:45.:26:07.

Good evening. With Easter on the rise, it is perhaps inevitable it

:26:08.:26:11.

would be a week

:26:12.:26:13.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS