23/03/2016 World News Today


23/03/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Ben Brown,

:00:07.:00:08.

Belgian prosecutors say they've identified two of the three suicide

:00:09.:00:17.

bombers who carried out Tuesday's attacks in Brussels.

:00:18.:00:21.

Two of them are said to be brothers - both Belgian nationals -

:00:22.:00:25.

police are still hunting a third man seen in these airport images.

:00:26.:00:35.

The names and nationalities of victims are starting to emerge.

:00:36.:00:37.

The first fatality to be confirmed - a Peruvian woman -

:00:38.:00:43.

In other news: Senator Ted Cruz is endorsed by Jeb Bush,

:00:44.:00:51.

in a last-ditch attempt to try to stop Donald Trump getting

:00:52.:00:54.

the Republican nomination in the US presidential election.

:00:55.:00:56.

And changing the look of the British countryside forever -

:00:57.:00:59.

fears that the Ash tree is just years away from extinction.

:01:00.:01:20.

The people of Belgium are observing three days of national mourning

:01:21.:01:23.

as the investigation into Tuesday's attacks

:01:24.:01:25.

Two of the suspected suicide bombers have been named by Belgian

:01:26.:01:36.

shown here on the left - targeted the Maelbeek metro station

:01:37.:01:42.

while Brahim el-Bakraoui struck at the airport.

:01:43.:01:43.

Meanwhile a massive manhunt is still underway for a key suspect

:01:44.:02:01.

And we crossed live to Brussels to Ben Brown. We are at Place de la

:02:02.:02:12.

Bourse. This is where people have been paying the respect of the dead

:02:13.:02:15.

and holding the Belgian flag and laying flowers and we had one

:02:16.:02:22.

minute's silence earlier. We had also chanting slogans and symbols of

:02:23.:02:25.

the finds from the Belgian people who say that life has to go on and

:02:26.:02:29.

on their words the terrorists cannot be allowed to win. A similar

:02:30.:02:34.

reaction perhaps to what we saw in Paris after the Charlie Heddle

:02:35.:02:46.

attacks. --Hebdo. There were three explosions and there were CCTV

:02:47.:02:50.

images of three suspects going into the airport before the explosions

:02:51.:02:56.

there. One of those men pictured in the CCTV image is still on the run

:02:57.:03:00.

according to the Belgian federal prosecutor and as I wanted man. They

:03:01.:03:06.

have named two of the bombers who died in the attack. They have been

:03:07.:03:09.

named as brothers, Khalid and Brahim el-Bakraoui. 31 people, it is now

:03:10.:03:18.

known, died though that death toll could rise because of the very

:03:19.:03:21.

serious nature of some of the injuries to victims who are being

:03:22.:03:24.

treated in hospitals around Brussels today. 260 injured altogether, that

:03:25.:03:31.

is the latest we're giving. The other main development of the last

:03:32.:03:36.

three hours is at midday local time here in Belgium that was a minute's

:03:37.:03:44.

silence observed here in Place de la Bourse and around the city of

:03:45.:03:46.

Brussels as people remember the dead and after the minute's salads there

:03:47.:03:50.

was a spontaneous round of applause to show that life does go on. We are

:03:51.:03:56.

beginning to get the names of some of those who died in the attacks.

:03:57.:04:04.

The first to be confirmed dead was a Peruvian woman aged 37 and the

:04:05.:04:07.

mother of young when girls, Adelma Tapia Ruiz. -- when. --Twin. As you

:04:08.:04:22.

here behind me and other spontaneous round of applause with people

:04:23.:04:25.

affirming the right to live in freedom and without fear here in the

:04:26.:04:27.

Belgian capital. But first, here's Katya Adler

:04:28.:04:35.

on the day's events. Silence spoke far louder

:04:36.:04:39.

than words in Brussels today. In sadness for the victims

:04:40.:04:59.

of yesterday's bombings. In fear that there

:05:00.:05:04.

will be a next time. And that next time,

:05:05.:05:16.

it could be them. But there is a strong sense

:05:17.:05:23.

here of defiance, too. Long live Belgium,

:05:24.:05:32.

these people shouted. And on a massive manhunt

:05:33.:05:36.

for all those linked to this, yesterday's devastating

:05:37.:05:44.

bombing at Brussels Airport Police say they are

:05:45.:05:48.

looking for this man. There is confusion about his

:05:49.:05:57.

identity, but it is believed he could have raised

:05:58.:06:09.

the casualty count even higher. TRANSLATION: The third suspect,

:06:10.:06:11.

wearing a light-coloured coat and hat is on the run,

:06:12.:06:13.

he left a large bag and departed His bag contained the biggest

:06:14.:06:16.

explosive device. Shortly after the arrival

:06:17.:06:19.

of the bomb disposal unit, the bag was detonated

:06:20.:06:21.

because of the volatility The other two men in this photo

:06:22.:06:23.

were suicide bombers. In the middle, you see Brahim

:06:24.:06:36.

el-Bakraoui, a Belgian national. Police have found a note

:06:37.:06:38.

in which he writes that he is under pressure and on the run

:06:39.:06:41.

to avoid arrest. Belgian media said he had recently

:06:42.:06:43.

been linked to the Paris This is his brother Khalid,

:06:44.:06:46.

the metro suicide bomber. Today, Belgium's Prime Minister

:06:47.:06:53.

accompanied the country's king and queen to visit some

:06:54.:07:02.

of the 260 injured yesterday. Julian Firkin was one

:07:03.:07:08.

of the lucky ones. He and his girlfriend emerged

:07:09.:07:10.

unscathed, physically at least. The second explosion happened,

:07:11.:07:15.

and at that point I jumped on top of her and grabbed her suitcase

:07:16.:07:18.

and kind of held that over the top of both of us just to protect

:07:19.:07:23.

us from the ceiling, The commotion died down a little

:07:24.:07:27.

bit, but there was lots of screaming and people running around,

:07:28.:07:34.

and then the airport staff came running and screaming and shouting

:07:35.:07:41.

at everyone to get out of the building, evacuate, evacuate,

:07:42.:07:43.

as quickly as you can. This city is still digesting

:07:44.:07:48.

the full horror of yesterday's attacks, but on the surface

:07:49.:07:52.

at least, there is a sense of life It is not that commuters here have

:07:53.:07:55.

forgotten about the attacks one day on, or that they don't care

:07:56.:08:03.

they are unaware of the warnings But this is a gritty,

:08:04.:08:06.

down-to-earth city. The attitude here it is,

:08:07.:08:10.

life has to go on. People are grateful

:08:11.:08:15.

for the extra security. Maybe it is not in Brussels,

:08:16.:08:20.

maybe it is another country. TRANSLATION: There is a risk,

:08:21.:08:31.

but keeping our jobs mean taking trains, and at least

:08:32.:08:37.

there are more police here now. More police, more soldiers,

:08:38.:08:41.

more security checks at train Most people here tell

:08:42.:08:45.

you they refuse to be scared, I want to give you a sense of the

:08:46.:09:09.

atmosphere as you rejoin as live in Place de la Bourse because it is

:09:10.:09:12.

absolutely packed with people who are singing songs and have been

:09:13.:09:16.

chanting slogans. They had a minute's silence earlier on which

:09:17.:09:17.

was very sombre, minute's silence earlier on which

:09:18.:09:25.

of young people here. You're just trying to show that they will

:09:26.:09:29.

defeated by terrorism, just as the people of Paris showed that in

:09:30.:09:34.

November. I'm joined by a couple of the people here.

:09:35.:09:52.

November. I'm joined by a couple of flowers. Just for peace and love. To

:09:53.:09:54.

show solidarity and spread some light and love in these dark and

:09:55.:10:00.

dreadful times. What happened here yesterday was a terrible event.

:10:01.:10:02.

dreadful times. What happened here has done to the of Brussels, do you

:10:03.:10:08.

think? I think it has shocked a lot of people but it is most important

:10:09.:10:14.

to simply rise and not let it crush her spirits. So you're trying to

:10:15.:10:25.

raise everybody's spirits but are you nervous that could be more

:10:26.:10:29.

attacks like the one yesterday? I do not think the next moment now. Not

:10:30.:10:36.

even Brussels. Maybe another place. -- not here in Brussels. Do you

:10:37.:10:43.

think it is important as a message against the terrorists that you hand

:10:44.:10:50.

out flowers? Yes, simply to spread a positive vibe. That is all that

:10:51.:11:05.

matters. Thank you very much. Spreading a message of light and

:11:06.:11:09.

love. During the day some of the names of the victims of the attacks

:11:10.:11:15.

yesterday began to edge and the arm from many different nationalities.

:11:16.:11:18.

The Foreign Ministry has been seeing as many of the mag as 40 different

:11:19.:11:22.

nationalities among the dead and injured and the first to be named

:11:23.:11:28.

today was a 37-year-old Peruvian woman by the name of Adelma Tapia

:11:29.:11:32.

Ruiz was tragically the mother of four-year-old twin girls. She died

:11:33.:11:41.

in the airport explosions. Lucy Williamson has been following the

:11:42.:11:42.

stories of some of the victims. Among the questions left

:11:43.:11:46.

by Tuesday's attacks is this one. What happened to British IT

:11:47.:11:48.

contractor David Dixon? After two days searching

:11:49.:11:50.

the hospitals here, his partner David left for work

:11:51.:11:52.

yesterday as usual. Maelbeek station was not

:11:53.:11:59.

far from his office. After the explosion there at 9am,

:12:00.:12:04.

Charlotte tried to reach him. 270 people from dozens of countries

:12:05.:12:07.

are now known to have been injured Inside this hospital,

:12:08.:12:26.

two British survivors lie While their relatives wait for news,

:12:27.:12:37.

in a separate part of the hospital, other families of other victims

:12:38.:12:44.

begin the grim process Among the first deaths to be

:12:45.:12:46.

confirmed was 20-year-old Leopold A law student at Saint Louis

:12:47.:12:52.

University here in Brussels. And Peruvian Adelma Tapia Ruiz

:12:53.:12:58.

who died during the airport attack. Her four-year-old twin girls

:12:59.:13:03.

survived the blast because they ran Her brother described it

:13:04.:13:06.

as incomprehensible. TRANSLATION: She had twins called

:13:07.:13:13.

Maureen and Elondra. They were in the

:13:14.:13:16.

Brussels airport too. They were connecting

:13:17.:13:19.

through to New York to meet She also planned to come

:13:20.:13:21.

back to Peru this year, Tonight in Brussels there

:13:22.:13:27.

is solidarity in Europe's anger But terrorism's toughest

:13:28.:13:35.

challenge is private. For some, these were not just

:13:36.:13:40.

attacks on their home or values but on the people

:13:41.:13:45.

they love the most. There has been a lot of criticism of

:13:46.:14:00.

the Belgian security agencies both in the aftermath of the Paris

:14:01.:14:04.

attacks and now in the aftermath of the Brussels attacks as well. A lot

:14:05.:14:08.

of claims they could have done more. We have had today claims from the

:14:09.:14:15.

Turkish president that Turkey gave warning to the Belgian authorities

:14:16.:14:17.

about one of the suicide bombers involved yesterday,

:14:18.:14:29.

Brahim el-Bakraoui who blew himself up at the airport. The president

:14:30.:14:42.

made these claims in a press conference and said that Brahim

:14:43.:14:49.

el-Bakraoui had been detained in the south of the country near the Syrian

:14:50.:14:53.

border in June of last year. He had then been deported to the

:14:54.:14:58.

Netherlands and was briefly heard in Belgium before being freed. The

:14:59.:15:02.

president said both the Dutch and Belgian authorities had been warned

:15:03.:15:11.

by Turkey but he said that Belgium had ignored that warning and he said

:15:12.:15:14.

that despite warnings that this person was a foreign terrorist

:15:15.:15:18.

fighter Belgium could not establish any links with terrorism. Belgian

:15:19.:15:24.

prosecutors have confirmed the two brothers, Khalid and Brahim

:15:25.:15:30.

el-Bakraoui did have a criminal record for armed robbery but they

:15:31.:15:35.

say that there was nothing unrelated to terrorism and Belgian authorities

:15:36.:15:39.

have not confirmed or denied and have not commented on these claims

:15:40.:15:44.

by the President of Turkey. Turkey is of course itself a country in a

:15:45.:15:48.

high state of alert at the moment after four suicide bombings in its

:15:49.:15:52.

two cities this year alone. The most recent was five days ago in Istanbul

:15:53.:16:00.

in which four people were killed. Turkish authorities have said they

:16:01.:16:03.

have detained three people on suspicion of planning a further

:16:04.:16:09.

attack in Istanbul and those arrests are based on information from both

:16:10.:16:12.

Turkish and German intelligence, they say. Thank you, Daniel. A

:16:13.:16:25.

sombre mood this evening in the heart of Brussels where you can see

:16:26.:16:29.

all the candles that have been let in memory of the 31 people who died

:16:30.:16:37.

here yesterday both in those exposed yesterday at International Airport

:16:38.:16:43.

and on the Metro at Maelbeek station. I warning from the health

:16:44.:16:47.

ministry in Belgium today that they expect this death toll to rise in

:16:48.:16:51.

the coming days because many of the tune and 60 people injured in the

:16:52.:16:55.

biggest blasts are critically well and fighting for their lives and may

:16:56.:17:00.

not survive. The injured are being treated in a number of hospitals.

:17:01.:17:04.

The overwhelming message I think for people here today -- from people

:17:05.:17:10.

here today who have paid their respects is not just one of morning

:17:11.:17:16.

but also defiance as the people of Paris after the attacks there should

:17:17.:17:21.

defiance, people in Brussels want to show defiance and they have been

:17:22.:17:24.

singing songs today and cheering and chanting slogans against Islamic

:17:25.:17:31.

State as well and the King of Belgium has said that the people

:17:32.:17:34.

here in Belgium must respond to what he called audience attacks with 40

:17:35.:17:39.

sheep, calm and dignity and I think discourtesy that he and the centre

:17:40.:17:42.

of Brussels today that is exactly what they have been doing.

:17:43.:17:58.

And of course there's more analysis and reporting on the attacks

:17:59.:18:00.

in Brussels on our website - bbc dot come forward slash news.

:18:01.:18:09.

And you can also get everything on your mobile using the BBC

:18:10.:18:13.

And all the latest developments will be on our Twitter account,

:18:14.:18:19.

The Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo has indicated

:18:20.:18:20.

that her government will not take in its share of migrants under an EU

:18:21.:18:26.

plan - because of the Brussels attacks.

:18:27.:18:27.

the Belgian Embassy in Warsaw she said that the government now had

:18:28.:18:32.

to look after the security of its citizens and could not take

:18:33.:18:34.

on any immigrants under the present circumstances.

:18:35.:18:37.

Her Conservative government had earlier agreed to welcome around

:18:38.:18:39.

7,000 refugees over the next three years.

:18:40.:18:41.

However, the EU's Commissioner for Migration said the union's

:18:42.:18:43.

member states should be taking a very different message away

:18:44.:18:46.

it is not a message it is a question. Do they really believe

:18:47.:18:55.

that by following this line they will be successful and fighting

:18:56.:18:59.

terrorism? The occurrences and the answer. -- give the answer. There is

:19:00.:19:08.

only one road to follow witches cooperate more and exchange

:19:09.:19:12.

information and develop more trust between us. Among member states.

:19:13.:19:20.

The Presidents of the United States and Argentina have said they're

:19:21.:19:23.

optimistic they can open a new chapter in relations

:19:24.:19:25.

They have promised more co-operation on trade,

:19:26.:19:28.

fighting the Zika virus and combating climate change.

:19:29.:19:30.

Barack Obama's visit is the first official trip by a US head of state

:19:31.:19:33.

That is a principal message that I have not only for Argentina but for

:19:34.:19:47.

the entire hemisphere. I have a slick came Cuba and we have put a

:19:48.:19:55.

great emphasis on making sure that some of the ideologies and disputes

:19:56.:20:00.

of the past are frankly acknowledged that there be also able to look to

:20:01.:20:04.

the future and not just behind us. Another day, another twist

:20:05.:20:13.

in the thoroughly unpredictable twist in the race to be

:20:14.:20:15.

the Republican candidate for US president - and Jeb Bush has

:20:16.:20:19.

announced he's endorsing Senator Ted Cruz -

:20:20.:20:21.

a last-ditch attempt to try and stop Donald Trump securing

:20:22.:20:24.

the nomination. Mr Bush, who's the brother of one

:20:25.:20:25.

former president and the son of another, dropped out

:20:26.:20:28.

of the race last month. He said Ted Cruz was a consistent,

:20:29.:20:30.

principled conservative who has demonstrated the ability to appeal

:20:31.:20:32.

to voters and win primary contests. That news will come as some

:20:33.:20:35.

consolation to Mr Cruz following Tuesday's

:20:36.:20:37.

presidential primary results. He lost to Donald Trump in Arizona

:20:38.:20:39.

but claimed first place in Utah. In the Democratic race,

:20:40.:20:42.

the front runner Hilary Clinton took Arizona, but lost out in two other

:20:43.:20:51.

contests to Bernie Sanders. Earlier I spoke to Anthony Zurcher

:20:52.:20:59.

our North America reporter who has Ted Cruz has been running against

:21:00.:21:10.

what it calls the Washington cartel but I do not think there is anybody

:21:11.:21:16.

who embodies the Republican party in Washington are more than shared that

:21:17.:21:24.

Bush. -- Jeb Bush. Will he add many delegates to the running total? He

:21:25.:21:28.

does not really have any delegates to speak of and they did not win a

:21:29.:21:32.

lot when he was running for president. He will not be able to

:21:33.:21:38.

shift a lot of voters towards Ted Cruz but they could direct

:21:39.:21:41.

fundraisers and the car she was able to amass and he has people in the

:21:42.:21:45.

Bush family who are very prodigious fundraisers and could help Ted Cruz

:21:46.:21:49.

and their other problem protect Cruz is not that he is lacking in money,

:21:50.:21:53.

it is that he is lacking in votes to catch Donald Trump so it may help

:21:54.:21:57.

little bit but I do not think it will be that big a deal. Is it too

:21:58.:22:03.

late for Ted Cruz or could he unite the party? He was always been quite

:22:04.:22:06.

a divisive figure in the publican party. He has been a very divisive

:22:07.:22:11.

figure and he was not really a team player when he was elected to

:22:12.:22:17.

Congress four years ago. He made a lot of waves in that he blocked the

:22:18.:22:23.

leadership within the Senate and tried to torpedo deals between the

:22:24.:22:26.

president and the congressional leadership which led to shut down of

:22:27.:22:30.

the government for a while over health care plans so if people do

:22:31.:22:34.

end up rallying behind it is only because they view Donald Champ is a

:22:35.:22:38.

much greater threat but there is a very narrow window for him, if not

:22:39.:22:45.

catch Donald Trump, keep him from getting the magic 1237 delegates. It

:22:46.:22:50.

will be an eel biter coming right down to the end. In terms of the

:22:51.:22:56.

Republican leadership, I be in full panic mode so far? I think that is a

:22:57.:23:01.

very good way to describe it. They have been hoping and wishing

:23:02.:23:09.

unbelieving that some point would see Donald Trump stumbling and he

:23:10.:23:12.

would see something and people would turn their back on him but the poll

:23:13.:23:16.

numbers showing enormous support from were enacted it, but Donald

:23:17.:23:22.

Trump has been going on a steady march towards the nomination and one

:23:23.:23:27.

will be close whether he actually gets before the convention, I do not

:23:28.:23:31.

think anybody imagined this would be the result when this all started

:23:32.:23:32.

about eight months ago. There are fears that one of the most

:23:33.:23:37.

common trees in Europe, the Ash, could be wiped out

:23:38.:23:40.

across the continent. Those fears are outlined in a study,

:23:41.:23:43.

published today in the Journal of Ecology, which says the tree

:23:44.:23:46.

faces two serious threats - one from a fungus

:23:47.:23:52.

and one from a beetle. Our environment correspondent

:23:53.:23:57.

Clare Marshall reports. This wood in Norfolk is where one

:23:58.:24:01.

of the worst fears of tree lovers Ash die-back, a devastating fungal

:24:02.:24:04.

disease, was in the wild. The leaves die first and the rest

:24:05.:24:07.

of the tree follows. Today's report adds

:24:08.:24:10.

to the bleak picture. Chalara, as it is also known,

:24:11.:24:12.

will help to wipe out Ash is the second most common tree

:24:13.:24:14.

in the UK. To lose all the trees

:24:15.:24:26.

would be devastating. This wood in Somerset just waking up

:24:27.:24:31.

from winter is filled with ash trees and, like thousands of others,

:24:32.:24:35.

it is under threat, but it isn't The emerald ash borer like Ash

:24:36.:24:38.

die-back is native to Asia. Its larvae go into the bark

:24:39.:24:46.

and kill the tree. It isn't yet in the UK

:24:47.:24:54.

but it is heading this way and the new research says it

:24:55.:24:57.

could soon pose the greatest threat. Hundreds of species are dependent

:24:58.:25:00.

on the ash tree and they are likely One small hope is that some ash

:25:01.:25:03.

trees have shown resistance against the fungus, but that

:25:04.:25:08.

will not protect them The aftermath of the attacks on

:25:09.:25:29.

Brussels. This is the scene live in the centre of Brussels this evening.

:25:30.:25:34.

As you can see hundreds of people have gathered laying flowers and

:25:35.:25:40.

also candles to remember the victims of the attacks and the authorities

:25:41.:25:47.

say 31 people have died. A couple of hundred have been injured, many of

:25:48.:25:52.

them seriously and fears that that number of dead may rise but the mood

:25:53.:25:55.

in Brussels as we've been hearing is defiant this evening. For now from

:25:56.:26:02.

me and the rest of the team,

:26:03.:26:04.

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