25/03/2016 World News Today


25/03/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:07.

The headlines: another day of intense police activity

:00:08.:00:12.

in Brussels, with two suspects shot before being arrested,

:00:13.:00:16.

as police step up their efforts to stop new terror attacks.

:00:17.:00:19.

One was shot by officers at a tram stop.

:00:20.:00:22.

The French president says the network behind recent attacks

:00:23.:00:24.

is being "wiped out" but others remain.

:00:25.:00:26.

TRANSLATION: We know that there are other networks because even though

:00:27.:00:36.

those involved in committing attacks in Paris and Brussels are being

:00:37.:00:38.

destroyed, there is always a threat. Meanwhile America says it's killed

:00:39.:00:41.

Islamic State's second in command The US military killed several key

:00:42.:00:52.

Isil terrorists this week including, we believe, Hajji Iman, a senior

:00:53.:00:56.

Isil leader. further into Palmyra,

:00:57.:00:59.

capturing the citadel overlooking Also coming up, it's a moveable

:01:00.:01:01.

feast, but could churches around the world finally agree to fix

:01:02.:01:08.

the date of Easter? Three days after the carnage

:01:09.:01:25.

at Brussels airport and on the Metro system, gunshots and

:01:26.:01:30.

explosions rang out again, Two suspects were shot and wounded

:01:31.:01:33.

during the operations. Prosecutors say they were among

:01:34.:01:38.

three people detained. The suburb of Schaerbeek

:01:39.:01:43.

was the scene of one of the raids on Friday,

:01:44.:01:46.

where security forces wounded a man Security forces also made arrests

:01:47.:01:48.

in France and Germany. French president Francois Hollande

:01:49.:01:55.

has said the militant network behind the attacks in Brussels

:01:56.:01:59.

and in Paris last November TRANSLATION: We have seen results

:02:00.:02:14.

when it comes to finding the terrorists. In both Brussels and

:02:15.:02:21.

Paris, there have been arrests. We know that there are other networks

:02:22.:02:24.

because even though those involved in committing attacks in Paris and

:02:25.:02:29.

Brussels have been destroyed, there is always a threat.

:02:30.:02:34.

Meanwhile, the so-called Islamic State group

:02:35.:02:35.

on the attacks in Brussels, presenting them as retribution

:02:36.:02:39.

for coalition attacks on IS territory.

:02:40.:02:40.

The video also contained threats of more.

:02:41.:02:42.

It's a police operation, the woman's voice says.

:02:43.:02:52.

Outside, they advance behind a bullet-proof shield.

:02:53.:02:55.

Lying in the tram stop a man has been shot in the legs,

:02:56.:03:01.

police still training their weapons on him.

:03:02.:03:05.

The view from across the street shows a bomb disposal robot

:03:06.:03:08.

approaching, he is holding a bag and they want to check

:03:09.:03:10.

This is the same Schaerbeek district where the Brussels and Paris

:03:11.:03:20.

This operation, though, it seems was triggered

:03:21.:03:25.

by information gleaned from a raid in Paris yesterday where one man

:03:26.:03:29.

was arrested, apparently preparing a new attack in France not linked

:03:30.:03:31.

They take the kid and they shoot the man, I think, in the leg.

:03:32.:03:40.

He was not dying, he was moving and the police asked him to put

:03:41.:03:43.

Meanwhile, prosecutors today confirmed that one of the suspects

:03:44.:04:07.

who is thought made one of the suicide vests in the Paris

:04:08.:04:13.

attacks was one of the Brussels airport bombers.

:04:14.:04:15.

In total, some 300 people were killed and injured in these

:04:16.:04:18.

attacks, their fates are starting to become clearer.

:04:19.:04:19.

Some 40 nationalities touched, in total.

:04:20.:04:23.

The pain and suffering is felt not just here

:04:24.:04:25.

From America to China, families are now mourning

:04:26.:04:28.

David Dixon, an IT consultant from Hartlepool, texted his family

:04:29.:04:36.

after the airport attack to say he was safe.

:04:37.:04:40.

The father of a seven-year-old son died soon after,

:04:41.:04:42.

Mason Wells survived the Boston marathon bombing three years ago

:04:43.:04:49.

and survived again in Brussels, but has severe burns.

:04:50.:04:53.

I remember seeing fire in front of my face and also fire down

:04:54.:04:56.

I feel lucky to have escaped with what I did.

:04:57.:05:05.

Brussels' airport is still closed, but the US secretary of state came

:05:06.:05:09.

He said criticising Belgium for security

:05:10.:05:18.

the facts are known is inappropriate, adding

:05:19.:05:21.

the so-called Islamic State is lashing out in Europe

:05:22.:05:23.

We will not rest until we have eliminated your nihilistic beliefs

:05:24.:05:29.

and cowardice from the face of this earth.

:05:30.:05:34.

But what many here fear is that the terror network

:05:35.:05:36.

still lingers and despite the efforts to eliminate them,

:05:37.:05:41.

there could be more bloodshed to come.

:05:42.:05:47.

Earlier our correspondent in Brussels, Murad Shishani gave us

:05:48.:05:49.

the latest on the raids and the shooting of two suspects.

:05:50.:05:57.

it was a really dramatic day today. We've been to say about --

:05:58.:06:05.

Schaerbeek after we heard an explosion and there was a really

:06:06.:06:09.

tense situation. The police had a cordon surrounding the area, not

:06:10.:06:13.

allowing people to go, even local residents, and there were loads of

:06:14.:06:18.

journalists. However, over the last 24-hour is there have been three

:06:19.:06:25.

raids in the capital and they have arrested yesterday, six, and today,

:06:26.:06:31.

two, eight confirmed arrested. These are the situation, these raids can

:06:32.:06:37.

be giving us an indication that the smoke has started coming down and it

:06:38.:06:43.

is time to go deeper, how these networks have been establishing

:06:44.:06:46.

themselves in Europe between France, Belgium, and there may be in Germany

:06:47.:06:54.

some arrests linked to what happened in Brussels. Indeed, fast moving

:06:55.:07:01.

events. We are hearing more about Nadeem El Shaarawy, linked to the

:07:02.:07:09.

November attacks. It seems that the web is being shown. Indeed, El

:07:10.:07:16.

Shaarawy has been confirmed, the second suicide bomber at the

:07:17.:07:22.

airport, linked to the Bataclan attacks in France four Sedona. But

:07:23.:07:27.

really for those who are following the networks between Belgium, France

:07:28.:07:33.

and Europe, this isn't surprising -- four months ago. Belgium has always

:07:34.:07:39.

been a backyard for most of the jihadists in Europe, especially

:07:40.:07:44.

France. This is coming to the surface after the France tax in a

:07:45.:07:50.

very obvious way but back in 2003, if I can go back, at this time these

:07:51.:07:55.

networks were establishing logistics for people going to fight in Iraq

:07:56.:08:01.

but after Syria, with about 500 jihadists going from Belgium, it

:08:02.:08:06.

became a hotbed for many Jihadist networks am not just for logistics

:08:07.:08:11.

job, but also providing fighters and operatives and this is what we've

:08:12.:08:16.

seen over the last three days. And four months ago in Paris. Most of

:08:17.:08:19.

them are coming from Brussels, Brussels neighbourhoods. Difficult

:08:20.:08:23.

to come to terms with the idea that Belgium is in mourning, we can bring

:08:24.:08:30.

pictures where people are paying their respects and paying tributes

:08:31.:08:32.

to the victims of this most recent attack. Indeed, this is the

:08:33.:08:39.

situation, they are still mourning and this is the last day of three

:08:40.:08:46.

days of mourning. At the same time, you can look and see that people are

:08:47.:08:51.

more defiant, as we saw in the Paris attacks. This time they are going to

:08:52.:08:56.

work, from the early hours they went back to the streets and they were

:08:57.:09:00.

full. Yesterday there was the military and security forces

:09:01.:09:03.

presence and there have been raids but I've noticed that the Belgian

:09:04.:09:08.

people are going out and trying to get normality to their lives. There

:09:09.:09:16.

is a sense of shock, obviously. Today this afternoon we had the

:09:17.:09:22.

first prayers for the Muslims today and we went to a mosque and we had

:09:23.:09:25.

conversations with people and they are carrying the same feelings in

:09:26.:09:27.

one way or another. American forces have killed a man

:09:28.:09:31.

described as the so-called Islamic State group's

:09:32.:09:33.

second-in-command. Abdul Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli,

:09:34.:09:37.

also known as Haji Imam, is said to have been the target

:09:38.:09:41.

of an operation carried The US Defence Secretary,

:09:42.:09:44.

Ash Carter, confirmed the reports. We are systematically

:09:45.:09:49.

eliminating Isil's Cabinet. Indeed, the US military

:09:50.:09:55.

killed several key Isil Including we believe,

:09:56.:09:57.

Hajji Imam, a senior leader, serving as a Finance Minister,

:09:58.:10:12.

a senior leader, and responsible He was a well-known terrorist

:10:13.:10:15.

within Isil's ranks, dating back to its earliest

:10:16.:10:19.

iteration as al-Qaeda in Iraq, when he worked under

:10:20.:10:24.

Zarkawi with liaisons The removal of this Isil leader

:10:25.:10:26.

will hamper the organisation's abilities to conduct operations

:10:27.:10:34.

both inside and outside This is the second senior Isil

:10:35.:10:38.

leader we have successfully targeted this month, after confirming

:10:39.:10:50.

the death of Isil's so-called I asked the BBC's Jane O'Brien -

:10:51.:10:53.

in Washington - how much impact this action against leaders

:10:54.:10:59.

of the so-called Islamic State might The wider issue is whether or not,

:11:00.:11:05.

how much influence and how much control these Islamic State leaders

:11:06.:11:11.

actually have an terrorist plots overseas, outside Iraq and Syria.

:11:12.:11:17.

The Defence Secretary said that really, the way that things are

:11:18.:11:21.

going, the range is very broad. It can be that they direct fighters who

:11:22.:11:28.

had come into Syria, it can be that they are training people to carry

:11:29.:11:32.

out attacks, but they don't actually see fighting in Syria, or Iraq. It

:11:33.:11:36.

could be simply that they inspire lone wolf attackers who have had no

:11:37.:11:40.

direct connection with Islamic State, but maybe self radicalised

:11:41.:11:46.

and motivated. They are the ones that authorities are extremely

:11:47.:11:51.

concerned about. So the real impact of Hajji Iman's death is difficult

:11:52.:11:58.

to calculate at the moment but it is certainly significant in that they

:11:59.:12:02.

have killed someone who is very experienced, has been around for a

:12:03.:12:07.

long time, a former member of Al-Qaeda, and was, as the Defence

:12:08.:12:12.

Secretary said, really in charge of the finances of Islamic State, that

:12:13.:12:15.

will certainly hamper operational abilities to a certain extent.

:12:16.:12:19.

Reports from Iraq say a suicide bomber has blown himself up

:12:20.:12:23.

in a crowd at a football match, killing at least 26 people.

:12:24.:12:33.

The attack was in the town of Iskandariya, south of Baghdad.

:12:34.:12:36.

One report said the blast was at the end of the game,

:12:37.:12:38.

just as the winners were being handed a trophy.

:12:39.:12:41.

The Islamic State group says it carried out the bombing.

:12:42.:12:43.

Syrian state television says that government forces have captured

:12:44.:12:45.

the fortified citadel of Palmyra from Islamic State.

:12:46.:12:52.

The city has been a focus not only because of its strategic importance

:12:53.:12:55.

but also because of its cultural importance.

:12:56.:12:57.

Palmyra is home to Syria's ancient ruins, damaged

:12:58.:12:59.

This is the ancient Baalshamin temple,

:13:00.:13:11.

there was a big international outcry

:13:12.:13:13.

shared this picture of how it had demolished parts

:13:14.:13:16.

This is a satellite image of the Bel temple that dates back

:13:17.:13:20.

And this picture shows the destruction caused by Islamic

:13:21.:13:23.

Syrian forces have been engaged in days of fighting

:13:24.:13:26.

with the militants, who've held the city for nearly a year.

:13:27.:13:29.

During that time IS has deliberately destroyed some

:13:30.:13:30.

of the monuments, which date back thousands of years.

:13:31.:13:33.

The UN's cultural arm, UNESCO, welcomed the prospect

:13:34.:13:35.

of the ruins being recaptured, saying the site embodied history

:13:36.:13:37.

and culture that had made the region a cradle of civilisation.

:13:38.:13:45.

They captured the area around the Citadel, the Syrian Observatory for

:13:46.:13:55.

Human Rights say they have entered the City from the north-west, while

:13:56.:13:59.

yesterday they captured the south-east of it. So they are pretty

:14:00.:14:03.

much encircling the City area and they are advancing inside. These are

:14:04.:14:07.

governments forces are bordered by Russian air strikes and by militias

:14:08.:14:14.

from different countries who are there to support President Bashar

:14:15.:14:17.

al-Assad, mainly from Shi'ite sect. The Stones roll into Cuba to "start

:14:18.:14:22.

them up" with a free concert expected to attract

:14:23.:14:33.

half a million people. The row over the government's

:14:34.:14:38.

plan to change the way it runs schools

:14:39.:14:41.

in England continues. At a teachers' conference today,

:14:42.:14:42.

the leader of the opposition, Labour's Jeremy Corbyn,

:14:43.:14:46.

described the conversion schools into 'academies'

:14:47.:14:47.

as 'asset stripping'. I want schools to be accountable to

:14:48.:14:59.

their parents and communities, not as a process of asset stripping our

:15:00.:15:06.

educational facilities, to be handed over to somebody else. So the first

:15:07.:15:11.

thing... APPLAUSE

:15:12.:15:15.

That is always done ahead of privatisation in many services is to

:15:16.:15:20.

attack the skilled staff. So it's about breaking national pay

:15:21.:15:24.

bargaining, expanding the use of unqualified teachers, driving down

:15:25.:15:31.

prey, driving down the terms and conditions and driving down

:15:32.:15:34.

standards. There is not a shred of evidence that academies

:15:35.:15:35.

automatically improve standards. The latest headlines,

:15:36.:15:40.

it's been another day of intense police activity in Brussels,

:15:41.:15:47.

with two suspects shot as they were arrested, one at a tram

:15:48.:15:50.

stop in the Schaerbeek district. Meanwhile America says it's killed

:15:51.:15:54.

Islamic State's second in command Commemorations will take place

:15:55.:15:56.

across Ireland this weekend, marking the 100th anniversary

:15:57.:16:05.

of the 1916 Easter Rising, the rebellion against British rule

:16:06.:16:09.

that was a key moment in the history Ceremonies will be held at historic

:16:10.:16:12.

sites across Dublin, with more than half a million people

:16:13.:16:18.

expected to attend events on Sunday. Our Ireland Correspondent,

:16:19.:16:23.

Chris Buckler, reports. In 1916... 100 years ago, the back

:16:24.:16:35.

streets of Dublin became a battlefield in a fight for

:16:36.:16:38.

independence. Villa smashing into this building beside us. In the

:16:39.:16:42.

City, buildings were turned into makeshift garrisons and the City's

:16:43.:16:45.

post office, a military headquarters. The Irish Republic is

:16:46.:16:51.

entitled to and hereby claims the allegiance of every Irishman and

:16:52.:16:56.

woman. It was here on Easter Monday that Patrick Pearse read the

:16:57.:17:01.

proclamation, declaring the Republic and the end of British rule. It was

:17:02.:17:05.

less than a week from the start of the rebellion to the point of

:17:06.:17:10.

surrender. In that time, the lives of civilians, British soldiers and

:17:11.:17:15.

Irish volunteers were lost. And much of the heart of Dublin was

:17:16.:17:20.

destroyed. Eight Field military strategy designed by men with more

:17:21.:17:26.

knowledge of culture and conflict. There were scholars, writers,

:17:27.:17:32.

teachers and they had a vision for Ireland. What had happened under

:17:33.:17:36.

British rule, the Irishness was taken out of people. Relatives of

:17:37.:17:42.

those who fought in the rioting will be remembering this weekend. It is

:17:43.:17:45.

thought that Maureen O'Reilly was just 15 years old when she carried

:17:46.:17:48.

messages between its leaders through the dangerous streets of the Dublin

:17:49.:17:55.

chaos. Her account of what happened is held in Ireland's military

:17:56.:18:00.

archives. I brought back a dispatch to hold the building at all costs. I

:18:01.:18:05.

have a daughter myself who is 17 and I can't believe somebody was out for

:18:06.:18:09.

the whole week at that age, Dodging Bullets, no fear. Initially in

:18:10.:18:14.

Ireland there was anger at the rebels for bringing violence to the

:18:15.:18:18.

streets of Dublin. But the execution of the rising's leaders changed

:18:19.:18:21.

opinions and marked a moment where support for the Republic truly rose.

:18:22.:18:29.

Search her, it's by! Given the deaths on all sides, there is

:18:30.:18:33.

sensitivity in marking the centenary -- eight spy. It is seen as

:18:34.:18:38.

important because in the story of the rioting are the origins of

:18:39.:18:40.

modern Ireland. Let's take you to the Colosseum in

:18:41.:18:51.

Rome, where the Pope is presiding over the annual wave of the Cross

:18:52.:19:03.

procession. TRANSLATION: Driven by the sentiment that unites all of our

:19:04.:19:11.

people, fear of losing our security, the possessions and life, but Jesus

:19:12.:19:13.

shows us another way. Lord Jesus, how similar we are to

:19:14.:19:28.

those people, how much fear there is in our life. We are afraid of those

:19:29.:19:34.

different from bus, foreigners, migrants. We are afraid of the

:19:35.:19:38.

future, of the unexpected, of misery. How much fear there is in

:19:39.:19:45.

our workplaces and cities -- different from us. This is to mark

:19:46.:19:51.

Good Friday just ahead of Easter and it is an annual event that takes

:19:52.:19:54.

place at the Coliseum, which is dramatically lit up, with the Pope

:19:55.:20:01.

residing over the annual way of the cross procession, which takes place

:20:02.:20:07.

every year. Early on he helped the Good Friday liturgy at Saint Peters

:20:08.:20:13.

basilica and on Monday Thursday he washed and kissed the feet of

:20:14.:20:20.

refugees, something that was remarked upon -- mourned a Thursday.

:20:21.:20:24.

We are seeing the Colosseum in Rome, lit up spectacularly as the Pope

:20:25.:20:33.

decides over the Way of the Cross possession. They were live images

:20:34.:20:41.

from Rome with the Pope at the Colosseum. Now we are going to

:20:42.:20:44.

something completely different. The Rolling Stones are preparing

:20:45.:20:48.

for a free concert in Cuba which is expected to attract

:20:49.:20:50.

half a million people. The show's being seen as another

:20:51.:20:54.

sign of real change on the island. It comes three days after US

:20:55.:20:57.

President Barack Obama's historic A career spanning over 50

:20:58.:21:00.

years, tours in every But the Rolling Stones had never

:21:01.:21:08.

stepped foot in Cuba. Rock 'n' roll legends don't

:21:09.:21:13.

get bigger than these, but under Fidel Castro their songs

:21:14.:21:23.

were kept from the Cuban youth It wasn't so long ago

:21:24.:21:26.

that your music was banned What does it say about

:21:27.:21:31.

how Cuba has changed? Well, obviously something's

:21:32.:21:37.

happened in the last... That is what happens

:21:38.:21:38.

when you ban things! I think it feels like history

:21:39.:21:40.

because, as you say, they haven't had big shows before,

:21:41.:21:49.

and it would have been surprising ten years ago for this to have

:21:50.:21:54.

happened, and anyone that has been It comes at the end

:21:55.:21:57.

of an extraordinary week in Cuba. It began with the first visit

:21:58.:22:08.

by a US president in 90 years and ends with the first concert

:22:09.:22:11.

by Britain's rock royalty. This free concert has taken weeks

:22:12.:22:13.

of planning and preparation, but now, in the final

:22:14.:22:16.

hours before showtime, everything is in place

:22:17.:22:19.

for the biggest concert Havana Their fans gathering in the Cuban

:22:20.:22:21.

heat are getting excited. And I want to thank them

:22:22.:22:29.

for giving us so much, The Stones, the Stones

:22:30.:22:39.

we've come for, brother. We heard it Tuesday afternoon,

:22:40.:22:43.

we booked it Wednesday morning. If ever there was a sign that Cuba

:22:44.:22:46.

is changing, it is this, the world's biggest rock group

:22:47.:22:49.

playing a concert for free in one of the last Communist

:22:50.:22:52.

stronghold on earth. What is it you'll be looking

:22:53.:22:57.

for in Cuba that you can't Cigars and an exciting audience,

:22:58.:23:00.

thank you, that's great! Will Grant, BBC News,

:23:01.:23:09.

Havana. It always falls on different dates,

:23:10.:23:15.

but could that be about to change? Here's Our religious affairs

:23:16.:23:19.

correspondent Caroline Wyatt. For Christians, this is the most

:23:20.:23:21.

important religious festival The Archbishop of Canterbury,

:23:22.:23:24.

Justin Welby, was with the faithful in Kent today, marking

:23:25.:23:34.

when Christians believe, Jesus Christ died on the cross

:23:35.:23:36.

and then rose again. And yet, those in East and West

:23:37.:23:39.

celebrate Easter at different times, so why can't Christians get

:23:40.:23:42.

together to fix the date? We started talking about it over

:23:43.:23:44.

a thousand years ago, But given the number of people

:23:45.:23:46.

and churches around the world that seem to support the idea of having

:23:47.:23:53.

the same date for Easter, I think there's a better

:23:54.:23:58.

chance for a long time, it could be certainly

:23:59.:24:02.

within the five or ten years. It's a debate that may not be quite

:24:03.:24:06.

as old as the moon and stars themselves, but it's certainly one

:24:07.:24:09.

that dates back to the earliest The date of Easter is set

:24:10.:24:12.

by the Spring equinox, which means for centuries,

:24:13.:24:18.

astronomers, such as those at Greenwich, have been vital

:24:19.:24:20.

in predicting when Easter It depends on two

:24:21.:24:22.

astronomical things. The spring equinox

:24:23.:24:30.

and also the full moon. It was the British monk,

:24:31.:24:32.

the Venerable Bede, back in 700 who came up with a nice,

:24:33.:24:34.

easy way of remembering it. It's the first Sunday

:24:35.:24:37.

after the first full moon, It was only in the year 664

:24:38.:24:39.

here in Whitby, when Easter should be marked

:24:40.:24:58.

in this part of the world. Now though, there are hopes the date

:24:59.:25:11.

for Easter could be fixed for the second or third

:25:12.:25:14.

Sunday in April. Or perhaps resolve one

:25:15.:25:15.

of the longest running disputes in Christianity, as well as making

:25:16.:25:18.

it rather easier to plan your The the difficulty is

:25:19.:25:21.

going to be that everyone We all have our own ways

:25:22.:25:24.

of calculating Easter. We've all calculated it

:25:25.:25:27.

this way for centuries. This is one tradition that may go on

:25:28.:25:40.

long after we have completed the other Easter traditions.

:25:41.:25:46.

Let's go back to the Colosseum where the Pope is presiding over the

:25:47.:25:55.

annual Way of the Cross procession. On Saturday he will lead an Easter

:25:56.:26:01.

vigil. For the time being, thanks for watching BBC world News

:26:02.:26:02.

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