07/04/2016 World News Today


07/04/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines - more fallout from the Panama Papers.

:00:00.:00:08.

President Putin dismisses them as western propaganda as his close

:00:09.:00:11.

associates are linked to offshore accounts.

:00:12.:00:17.

In Argentina, President Macri is now under criminal

:00:18.:00:19.

investigation after revelations from the leaked documents.

:00:20.:00:24.

Brussels police release new security footage of the man in the hat -

:00:25.:00:27.

the surviving prime suspect in last month's terrorist bombings.

:00:28.:00:31.

Also coming up - French prostitutes criticise a new law making it

:00:32.:00:33.

But its backers say it will help tackle trafficking.

:00:34.:00:40.

Finding the Bard in unexpected places.

:00:41.:00:42.

Why the discovery of a new First Folio in Scotland has

:00:43.:00:44.

With the Panama papers continuing to cause global embarrassment

:00:45.:01:08.

for many of the world's richest - and political death

:01:09.:01:14.

for some like the former Prime Minister of Iceland -

:01:15.:01:16.

focus has now shifted to Argentina, where a federal prosecutor has

:01:17.:01:19.

opened an investigation into this man - President Mauricio Macri.

:01:20.:01:22.

According to local media, Mr Macri is listed as the director

:01:23.:01:25.

of an offshore company in the Bahamas.

:01:26.:01:29.

He denies it, saying he has no shares in the company.

:01:30.:01:32.

Well, another leader distancing himself from allegations

:01:33.:01:34.

is the Russian president, Vladimir Putin.

:01:35.:01:37.

He has denied any element of corruption over the leaks,

:01:38.:01:40.

dismissing it as Western propaganda, accusing his opponents of trying

:01:41.:01:42.

It's the first time Putin has spoken since it was revealed close

:01:43.:01:50.

associates of his owned a number of offshore accounts.

:01:51.:02:05.

Do you know what a product of the news means? They tackled the

:02:06.:02:12.

offshore accounts and your humble servant was not clear. There is no

:02:13.:02:18.

topic to discuss. They made a product for the news. They found

:02:19.:02:22.

some of my acquaintances and friends, dug into something and put

:02:23.:02:27.

it together. I saw those pictures and many unspecified people in the

:02:28.:02:31.

background. The photo of myself is placed in the foreground. The idea

:02:32.:02:37.

has been developed that the president of Russia has a friend who

:02:38.:02:41.

did something with possibly an element of corruption but which

:02:42.:02:45.

element? Beard is none. The fact that the establishment, for example

:02:46.:02:51.

the USA, are behind the story, was already shown by Wikileaks.

:02:52.:02:55.

The practice of off-shore banking has been thrust into the spotlight

:02:56.:02:57.

Tax authorities in Germany, Spain, Britain and France have all said

:02:58.:03:01.

But what about Panama, the country where this all started.

:03:02.:03:05.

With me to discuss what is being done there is Daniel Fabrega,

:03:06.:03:07.

Ambassador of Panama to the United Kingdom.

:03:08.:03:12.

Thank you for joining us. You have announced an independent commission,

:03:13.:03:21.

too little, too late? First of all, thank you for having me. I would

:03:22.:03:27.

like to start by saying it is unfortunate that the title of the

:03:28.:03:31.

news is Panama News because it is not only about Panama but 21

:03:32.:03:39.

jurisdiction is. Panama has made significant advancements in

:03:40.:03:42.

transparency and tackling corruption. Is that correct, because

:03:43.:03:46.

when you look at the actual banking laws, these have been entrenched in

:03:47.:03:53.

recent legislation in terms of secrecy and confidentiality? It is

:03:54.:03:57.

not as if Panama has gone out of its way for transparency but laws have

:03:58.:04:00.

been changed to create even more secrecy. We have actually, first of

:04:01.:04:07.

all on this issue in particular, the Attorney General started a formal

:04:08.:04:09.

investigation and the president stated twice this week, first that

:04:10.:04:14.

he is hoping for the international community to do any investigation on

:04:15.:04:18.

Panama, and also for the international community to work

:04:19.:04:22.

together, and second, in the state of the rain address, he appointed a

:04:23.:04:30.

special committee of legal and financial world experts who will

:04:31.:04:38.

help evaluate this crisis. So it is a crisis? Any reform that needs to

:04:39.:04:44.

be done will be shared with the international community. It is a

:04:45.:04:50.

crisis not for Panama but the entire world, and President Obama stated

:04:51.:04:52.

clearly this week it is not unless issue about Panama but about the

:04:53.:04:56.

world. Countries need to lead by example. But Panama doesn't have any

:04:57.:05:01.

tax treaties with other countries so that stiffens the treaties? We

:05:02.:05:10.

actually have nearly 30 double taxation agreements with countries

:05:11.:05:15.

such as the UK and France and we believe in transparency. We have

:05:16.:05:21.

done an unprecedented set of reforms. But there is only one court

:05:22.:05:27.

order as I understand that the first the Panamanian main court to

:05:28.:05:31.

actually look into and breakdown this, and that is associated with

:05:32.:05:36.

terrorism but nothing else. It is directly they waited to this

:05:37.:05:39.

particular law firm which has the allegation at hand. But any law firm

:05:40.:05:46.

or any irregularity in the legal or financial system will not be

:05:47.:05:51.

tolerated by this particular administration, and we have been

:05:52.:05:53.

clear what the international community. And yet, Panama is one of

:05:54.:05:58.

just a handful of countries that didn't sign up to the full CCD

:05:59.:06:06.

commitment to transparency, why not? We believe in exchange of

:06:07.:06:10.

information and that goes on hand with double taxation agreements that

:06:11.:06:15.

we have with members of the OECD. But why didn't you sign up to that?

:06:16.:06:20.

Every other country it seems has and the others are countries like

:06:21.:06:30.

Vanuatu and Bahrain. First, we are sovereign country, we believe in

:06:31.:06:35.

competitiveness, and also the US has not signed up to the reporting

:06:36.:06:41.

standards. Isn't the problem that Panama has made a lot of money and

:06:42.:06:46.

this is very important to the GDP of your country, and to lose that would

:06:47.:06:54.

cause a severe dent in the economy. I think Panama has made major

:06:55.:06:59.

advancements. We were recently added to the list of the service industry

:07:00.:07:05.

representing a large part of our economy like it does in the UK. The

:07:06.:07:10.

legal and financial sector is very important, but in these

:07:11.:07:12.

investigations for allegations that have arisen this week, none of the

:07:13.:07:21.

money that was used in this company was challenged by the financial

:07:22.:07:26.

system. Panama is actually a role model in terms of its economy. It

:07:27.:07:30.

has the fastest-growing economy Latin America and we have been able

:07:31.:07:35.

to build the hub of the Americas, and actually we are country of

:07:36.:07:41.

honest, hard-working folks, and we are in June inaugurating the

:07:42.:07:44.

expansion of the canal which represents nearly 6% of the world

:07:45.:07:51.

economy. And yet the OECD said recently that people who want to

:07:52.:07:55.

hide their money offshore, Panama is still the place people believe they

:07:56.:08:00.

can do that without found? That is not true because Panama is a

:08:01.:08:04.

responsible citizen of the world and they will demonstrate to the entire

:08:05.:08:07.

world that we can handle this issue in a very responsible manner. But

:08:08.:08:13.

there are no limits on the funds involved. If some dictator comes to

:08:14.:08:18.

you with billions of dollars, it appears no questions asked. The

:08:19.:08:23.

issue at hand is not about Panamanian corporation. The 21

:08:24.:08:28.

jurisdiction is under financial system was not used to follow this

:08:29.:08:35.

money. It is not a thing about Panama but about the international

:08:36.:08:38.

community and it is an indicator that Panama together with the

:08:39.:08:41.

international community needs to work together in order to avoid this

:08:42.:08:50.

happening again. And the Chinese, any concerns about that coming

:08:51.:08:56.

through Panama as well? We are open and working closely with the

:08:57.:08:58.

international community and have made major advancements since the

:08:59.:09:08.

previous administration in order to raise any irregular activity or

:09:09.:09:14.

money laundering and financial terrorism activities, and this has

:09:15.:09:16.

been done in an unprecedented manner. So we'll Panama sign up to

:09:17.:09:24.

the OECD rules? If there's a legacy we want to leave, it is but back yes

:09:25.:09:33.

or no? Will you sign up or not? Right now we're looking at that and

:09:34.:09:37.

are having a diplomatic approach and we are sovereign country and we

:09:38.:09:40.

believe in automatic exchange and we will not today comply with CRS

:09:41.:09:48.

standards. The US has not done the same. The vast majority of the

:09:49.:09:53.

jurisdiction is being investigated are not from Panama. Is it

:09:54.:09:57.

complicated also by the fact the president of Panama is close friends

:09:58.:10:05.

and said in a TV interview he was a friend of Fonseca. It does not

:10:06.:10:11.

complicate things at all. We are transparent country, the judicial

:10:12.:10:15.

system is very different from the executive and legislative branch and

:10:16.:10:22.

Mr Fonseca is a part of the same political party as the president

:10:23.:10:26.

which has the hundred 50,000 members and was a miniature adviser until a

:10:27.:10:31.

couple of weeks ago and he presented his resignation which was accepted

:10:32.:10:36.

by the president and the president has put full force into this

:10:37.:10:39.

investigation which was handled by the Attorney General. But of the

:10:40.:10:47.

214,000 offshore companies that are registered, 48,000 are registered on

:10:48.:10:52.

Panama. Does that not suggest Panama is a very keen player in this world?

:10:53.:10:57.

You have to take into account that these leaks that took place were

:10:58.:11:01.

almost half a century ago. The world has changed tremendously. Not all

:11:02.:11:06.

have a century ago, some go back just a few years? Most of the leaks,

:11:07.:11:13.

the companies that have been leaked in this investigation, are almost

:11:14.:11:19.

half a century at all. The vast majority again are not from Panama.

:11:20.:11:24.

The world, the entire world together with Panama is trying to avoid this

:11:25.:11:31.

happening, and we have been clear about this and have made significant

:11:32.:11:37.

process. Just a couple of things. Mr Fonseca is the fourth-largest firm

:11:38.:11:41.

doing this sort of work, what else is there to, there are leaks from

:11:42.:11:48.

the other three? Again, we will not tolerate any kind of corruption. The

:11:49.:11:51.

Attorney General has started this investigation and I am here on the

:11:52.:11:55.

half of the government of Panama. Are you angry about the way this is

:11:56.:12:00.

being portrayed? Of course, because the image of Panama is being painted

:12:01.:12:05.

and we are country that believes in diplomacy and that is the way to

:12:06.:12:09.

handle this. This is not an issue about Panama, it is an issue about

:12:10.:12:12.

the international community together and it is a call for everyone to

:12:13.:12:18.

work together for the same cause. Thank you very much indeed. If you

:12:19.:12:23.

could just a funny moment we will carry on with some other news.

:12:24.:12:25.

Iceland's new cabinet has formally assumed power in Reykjavik.

:12:26.:12:27.

The new Prime Minister, Sigurour Ingi Johannsson -

:12:28.:12:30.

a former minister for agriculture - is set to take Iceland

:12:31.:12:32.

His predecessor stepped down after being linked

:12:33.:12:37.

to offshore accounts in the Panama papers scandal.

:12:38.:12:39.

Public protests were led by the libertarian Pirate Party,

:12:40.:12:41.

which is calling for an immediate election to capitalise

:12:42.:12:43.

Prosecutors in Belgium have made a fresh appeal for help in the hunt

:12:44.:12:56.

for the man in the hat -the prime suspect seen on CCTV

:12:57.:12:59.

footage in the Brussels airport attack last month.

:13:00.:13:01.

He's seen alongside the two suicide bombers and then, after the blasts,

:13:02.:13:04.

running among people trying to escape from the scene.

:13:05.:13:11.

Newly-released video and still images show him walking

:13:12.:13:13.

into central Brussels, talking on the phone.

:13:14.:13:15.

Residents are being urged to come forward with any more

:13:16.:13:17.

pictures they may have which would help identify him,

:13:18.:13:20.

as James Reynolds reports from Brussels.

:13:21.:13:26.

These are the moments after the airport explosions.

:13:27.:13:28.

Amid the confusion, the only surviving attacker got away.

:13:29.:13:30.

The police have now put together this video of his escape,

:13:31.:13:39.

a security camera picks him up on the outskirts

:13:40.:13:41.

He is wearing a distinctive hat and pale jacket.

:13:42.:13:50.

At this point, no-one has any reason to notice him, but he

:13:51.:13:53.

The authorities are desperate to find more footage

:13:54.:13:59.

We especially appeal to people who may have filmed are taken

:14:00.:14:07.

a photograph of the suspect if they can provide

:14:08.:14:14.

An hour after the explosions, a security camera films they suspect

:14:15.:14:21.

Later in town he crosses a busy road.

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At 9:49 a.m., almost two hours after the bombs went off,

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he is seen again, possibly talking on the phone.

:14:30.:14:36.

The cameras lost the third man at about this point

:14:37.:14:38.

This is a quiet neighbourhood near the centre of town.

:14:39.:14:42.

He could have gone anywhere from here.

:14:43.:14:46.

This is the best shot the police have of their suspect's face.

:14:47.:14:50.

But they still don't know his name nor where he may be hiding.

:14:51.:14:59.

The French parliament has voted to make it illegal to pay for sex.

:15:00.:15:03.

People caught buying the services of a sex worker could be fined up

:15:04.:15:06.

Supporters of the new law say it will offer protection to sex workers

:15:07.:15:12.

But many women who work in the industry say it will drive

:15:13.:15:16.

Taina Bien-Aime Executive Director of the international NGO

:15:17.:15:24.

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women based in New York,

:15:25.:15:26.

The organisation advocates for the same type of law that has been

:15:27.:15:41.

introduced in France and yet it seems a lot of French sex workers

:15:42.:15:47.

don't want it? Thank you for having me on, and the question is, who are

:15:48.:15:53.

these self identified sex workers? Not a term that we use. What the

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French government did yesterday was following in the footsteps of

:16:00.:16:03.

Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Canada to some extent and Northern Ireland and

:16:04.:16:09.

the number of other jurisdictions that recognise the systems of

:16:10.:16:16.

prostitution as a system of violence and degradation and discrimination

:16:17.:16:20.

against women and girls. And yet I have been speaking to a member of

:16:21.:16:24.

the Norwegian groups that represent prostitutes and they say they are

:16:25.:16:29.

against it as it derives it underground and makes men more

:16:30.:16:35.

reluctant to show the appearance because they face a bigger risk of

:16:36.:16:39.

being caught out and find, and it leads to more violence because the

:16:40.:16:43.

men obscure their identities. They are there's absolutely no evidence

:16:44.:16:47.

of that and prostitution itself is stigmatising. It is itself violence.

:16:48.:16:54.

We are looking at a transaction where one individual has the power

:16:55.:16:59.

and the money. This transaction happens in a private space, Web of

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the back of a car or a hotel. There is nothing that guarantees safety

:17:06.:17:10.

and prostitution. What the law does and what France is doing is looking

:17:11.:17:15.

at the systems of exploitation, the systems of trafficking. There is a

:17:16.:17:19.

link between the sex trade and trafficking and it is a simple

:17:20.:17:25.

economics issue. Every country that has legalised or decriminalise

:17:26.:17:29.

prostitution, Germany and the Netherlands, has seen an exponential

:17:30.:17:32.

increase in sex trafficking. Countries like Sweden, in the last

:17:33.:17:39.

16 years, during which the law has been in action, there has not been

:17:40.:17:42.

one more Dorothy prostituted woman by a client. In Germany, you have

:17:43.:17:53.

organisations counting women's bodies, women who are being

:17:54.:17:57.

murdered, mutilated and tortured by purchasers of sex. Other people

:17:58.:18:02.

would claim that the New Zealand model is perhaps the best one which

:18:03.:18:07.

is the legalising of all things to do with prostitution, just bringing

:18:08.:18:12.

it out into the open? Prostitution is never brought out into the open.

:18:13.:18:17.

It is a system of oppression and the exchange of money is not consent to

:18:18.:18:22.

sexual harassment, to sexual violence, to denigration. The system

:18:23.:18:28.

in New Zealand is called the criminalisation which is the worst

:18:29.:18:30.

form of legalisation because basically there are no restrictions.

:18:31.:18:39.

Everything in the sex trade has a green light to exploit women, the

:18:40.:18:45.

most marginalised women in New Zealand are in prostitution, and if

:18:46.:18:50.

you look at brothels in Europe, up to 80, 90% of women in brothels come

:18:51.:18:53.

from the poorest countries of Eastern Europe and the global South

:18:54.:18:59.

and Asia. You are looking at a multibillion-dollar sex trade that

:19:00.:19:04.

preys on the most vulnerable individuals on the planet and what

:19:05.:19:08.

the government of France has done is really coached this in the framework

:19:09.:19:14.

of human rights and dignity which is a fundamental principle of the

:19:15.:19:17.

universal declaration of human rights, and in the framework of

:19:18.:19:24.

democracy and equality. I think that is the self identified sex workers

:19:25.:19:28.

very often either have an interest in the sex trade or our supporters

:19:29.:19:34.

of the sex trade and the represent 2-3% maximum of the prostituted

:19:35.:19:42.

population. We inform our work on international law and more

:19:43.:19:45.

specifically on survivors of the sex trade to informing us about the

:19:46.:19:48.

violence of the sex trade and the violence they have suffered. Sorry

:19:49.:19:53.

to cut you short but I am afraid we're out of time.

:19:54.:20:02.

It is being reported that militants in Syria abducted people this week

:20:03.:20:14.

just west of Damascus. The factory says as many as 250 workers are

:20:15.:20:17.

still missing. Let's get the latest. Let's take you live to the BBC's

:20:18.:20:22.

Lina Sinjab who is following They are saying officially know that

:20:23.:20:33.

at least 300 workers and contractors have been abducted by an Islamic

:20:34.:20:42.

state militants. The Observer for human rights said contact was lost

:20:43.:20:44.

with the dozens of workers this Monday after IS attacked the area.

:20:45.:20:56.

There had been heavy fighting. They had managed to escape but still were

:20:57.:21:04.

not able to confirm from a second source and they are waiting for more

:21:05.:21:07.

confirmation from the Syrian government. In another breaking

:21:08.:21:18.

story. In northern Syria, rebel fighters have managed to push IS out

:21:19.:21:24.

of a strategic town, a town in Northern Aleppo. It is a crossing

:21:25.:21:31.

between Syria and tacky and this is a very big piece of news in pushing

:21:32.:21:37.

IS forces out while the Syrian government is still continuing to

:21:38.:21:39.

battle IS in the South. Now a look at some of

:21:40.:21:43.

the day's other news. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko

:21:44.:21:45.

has insisted his country will continue its movement

:21:46.:21:47.

towards the EU despite a rejection of the partnership deal

:21:48.:21:52.

by the Dutch voters. Voters in the Netherlands rejected

:21:53.:21:58.

the EU partnership deal to remove Prime Minister Mark Rutte said

:21:59.:22:01.

the government may have to reconsider the deal,

:22:02.:22:04.

although the vote is not binding. Here in the UK, two teenage girls

:22:05.:22:07.

have been been given life sentences with minimum terms of 15 years

:22:08.:22:10.

for the torture and murder The girls, then aged 13 and 14,

:22:11.:22:13.

used weapons including a shovel, a TV and computer printer to inflict

:22:14.:22:19.

more than 100 injuries on Angela They were found guilty of murder

:22:20.:22:23.

following an eight week trial. Nelson Mandela's ex-wife Winnie has

:22:24.:22:30.

lost her legal bid for ownership of the former president's rural

:22:31.:22:33.

home in South Africa. A High Court dismissed

:22:34.:22:36.

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela's application and ordered her to pay

:22:37.:22:37.

all legal costs. She argued that the house

:22:38.:22:43.

in Qunu village belonged One of the world's rarest and most

:22:44.:22:45.

sought after books has been discovered in a private library

:22:46.:22:57.

on the Scottish island of Bute. The First Folio of William

:22:58.:23:00.

Shakespeare, published in 1623, contains copies of some

:23:01.:23:02.

of his most famous plays. When shall we three meet again,

:23:03.:23:04.

in thunder, lightning or in rain? When the hury-burly's done,

:23:05.:23:11.

when the battle's lost and won. Verses from Macbeth,

:23:12.:23:14.

one of the many plays that would have been lost

:23:15.:23:20.

but for the first collection A rare copy of the first Folio

:23:21.:23:25.

came to light. Rebound in three volumes in 1932,

:23:26.:23:31.

it is one of the most valuable books in the world and has remained

:23:32.:23:39.

here undiscovered for more They are in our climate controlled

:23:40.:23:42.

stores which is where we keep most But obviously we had no way

:23:43.:23:51.

of knowing at that point Dost thou forget from

:23:52.:23:57.

what a torment I did free thee? The Tempest, another play that

:23:58.:24:03.

would have been lost, performed recently at

:24:04.:24:06.

the Globe Theatre in London. As part of the national

:24:07.:24:09.

commemorations to mark the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare's death,

:24:10.:24:12.

the Globe Theatre is producing ten minute versions of every

:24:13.:24:14.

one of his 37 plays, but it is probable that had it not

:24:15.:24:20.

been for the first Folio in 1623, Shakespeare would have remained

:24:21.:24:23.

so unknown we would not even be It is often errors that

:24:24.:24:26.

are important marks of authenticity. Professor Emma Smith identified

:24:27.:24:36.

the Bute copy by identifying She says it was the act of gathering

:24:37.:24:38.

Shakespeare's work in one volume Folio means the size of a book,

:24:39.:24:46.

a big book, and it is the size of book that we associate

:24:47.:24:52.

more with Bibles, really important significant works

:24:53.:24:55.

you will not throw away. If you publish plays in a format

:24:56.:24:58.

like this you are saying it is going to last,

:24:59.:25:01.

these are worth keeping. Another edition of the first Folio

:25:02.:25:05.

sold recently for ?5 million. Its cultural value is

:25:06.:25:08.

impossible to calculate. We have just been speaking to the

:25:09.:25:28.

Panamanian ambassador of the UK and he says Panama is being unfairly

:25:29.:25:34.

maligned for the so-called Panama papers Revelations. He said it was a

:25:35.:25:39.

global problem and Panama is transparent and will co-operate with

:25:40.:25:44.

other authorities to remove the stigma of offshore banking and

:25:45.:25:47.

people moving billions of dollars around the world without any

:25:48.:25:50.

transparency. That is our main story. See you soon.

:25:51.:26:00.

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