09/04/2016 World News Today


09/04/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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There's been a breakthrough for the Belgian authorities

:00:17.:00:19.

Prosecutors say Mohamed Abrini, a suspect in the Paris attacks,

:00:20.:00:23.

has admitted to being the so called man in the hat.

:00:24.:00:26.

Here he is - seen with two suicide bombers at Brussels airport shortly

:00:27.:00:29.

before the suicide attack which killed 15 people.

:00:30.:00:32.

He has been charged with terror offences with three others.

:00:33.:00:36.

The arrests come after the Belgian authorities asked the public

:00:37.:00:41.

Well, following the development is our correspondent

:00:42.:00:46.

They have released a very short statement this evening here in

:00:47.:01:01.

Brussels. They say that after being confronted with the results of the

:01:02.:01:05.

different expert examinations, Mohamed Abrini convexity is presence

:01:06.:01:10.

at the crime scene, they mean the airport, and he said he had thrown

:01:11.:01:14.

away his jacket in a garbage bin and sold his hat afterwards. That was

:01:15.:01:19.

the white jacket in the black hat he had used to hide his identity to

:01:20.:01:24.

conceal who he was on that airport security footage. That is all we

:01:25.:01:27.

know that he is what he said but this is a significant breakthrough.

:01:28.:01:32.

For two weeks, police have been trying to identify that figure, that

:01:33.:01:36.

third person seen with the two suicide bombers on the luggage

:01:37.:01:42.

trolley that third person was pushing another suitcase bomb but

:01:43.:01:44.

didn't explode and that third person had run away from the scene. This is

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the one attacker from both the Paris and Brussels attacks who we know

:01:52.:01:54.

were central to the involvement of it who they have attacked -- hatched

:01:55.:02:02.

-- court after those attacks. The second most wanted man in Europe to

:02:03.:02:07.

be found hiding under the noses of the authorities in Brussels. Yes, he

:02:08.:02:13.

was arrested yesterday here in Brussels, on Friday afternoon, on a

:02:14.:02:21.

street in the Anderlecht area. He had been here, it seems, since the

:02:22.:02:27.

Paris attacks. Police had identified him not block after the attacks and

:02:28.:02:32.

identified then that he played a role in the Paris attacks. He was a

:02:33.:02:40.

facilitator, prosecutors believe. He delivered a car to Paris that was

:02:41.:02:44.

used by the attackers. He helped, they said, to rent a flat that was

:02:45.:02:48.

used to prepare for the Paris attacks. Ever since then, they have

:02:49.:02:52.

put out his name and picture and had been looking for him and hadn't been

:02:53.:02:56.

able to find him until yesterday and it seems all along he was here in

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Brussels. Let's take a look at

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some other stories now. The medical charity

:03:02.:03:04.

Medicines Sans Frontieres says the world's largest cholera

:03:05.:03:05.

vaccination campaign has started in Zambia,

:03:06.:03:07.

following an outbreak in February. The aim is to vaccinate nearly

:03:08.:03:09.

600,000 people against the disease which is caused by contaminated

:03:10.:03:12.

food or water. There's been fierce fighting

:03:13.:03:16.

in the southern Philippines between government troops

:03:17.:03:18.

and Abu Sayaf militants. Officials have acknowledged that 22

:03:19.:03:20.

soldiers were injured during the day-long clashes

:03:21.:03:23.

on Basilan Island. But anonymous military sources said

:03:24.:03:26.

18 troops had been killed. Riot police in France have used

:03:27.:03:32.

teargas to disperse demonstrators who were trying to reach the centre

:03:33.:03:35.

of the western city of Rennes. The authorities said

:03:36.:03:38.

police acted after youths The protest was one of hundreds

:03:39.:03:40.

taking place across the country over The Austrian government says it

:03:41.:03:46.

plans to seize the house North Korea says it has successfully

:03:47.:03:56.

tested an engine designed for an intercontinental ballistic

:03:57.:03:58.

missile. In response, the United States urged

:03:59.:04:00.

Pyongyang to refrain from actions that could destabilise

:04:01.:04:02.

the tense political situation. With more here's our

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correspondent Steve Evans. Translation... She has been busy

:04:05.:04:24.

this year. North Korean TV announcements have come relentlessly

:04:25.:04:27.

about nuclear advances. On January the six, the country tested and

:04:28.:04:31.

include advice. One month later, it launched a satellite which the US

:04:32.:04:36.

said was really a test for nuclear attacks. In March, Kim Jong-un

:04:37.:04:41.

showed 40 claimed was a miniaturised nuclear warhead, like enough for a

:04:42.:04:47.

missile. And today, he claims they have developed a new engine to power

:04:48.:04:51.

a missile as far as the United States. In South Korea, this former

:04:52.:04:59.

head of the intelligence operation against the North reckons Kim

:05:00.:05:11.

Jong-un is lashing out. There is almost universal disapproval of what

:05:12.:05:15.

he has been doing. This is a particularly tense time because US

:05:16.:05:19.

and South Korean troops are exercising together in South Korea.

:05:20.:05:25.

These exercises always generate tension. Yong Yang says they are

:05:26.:05:32.

practice for an invasion. The United States and South Korea say they are

:05:33.:05:35.

a necessary defence against a power aiming to be a nuclear power. North

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Korea retaliates with bloodcurdling threats. It has broadcast

:05:43.:05:48.

assimilation of Washington in flames. It can't make this is

:05:49.:05:57.

reality yet. But it is striving hard to achieve the necessary technology.

:05:58.:06:01.

With me is Paul French, who is the author of

:06:02.:06:04.

the book North Korea - State of Paranoia.

:06:05.:06:09.

Thank you for being with us. How much quality can we give these

:06:10.:06:16.

claims by North Korea? We can't verify them but we do know that

:06:17.:06:20.

North Korea, like any state wanted to become a nuclear power, has a

:06:21.:06:25.

check list. You have to be able to make a bomb that is small enough to

:06:26.:06:29.

put on a rocket and you need a rocket engine to fight it. They are

:06:30.:06:33.

now claiming they have those three things. But we should remember that

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all of this can often be bluster, we can't verify any of it, we don't

:06:39.:06:42.

know they have done any of those things. That said, they are

:06:43.:06:46.

determined to develop these weapons and they are unpredictable enough to

:06:47.:06:50.

use them, right? Well, I think we should look at it from the point of

:06:51.:06:54.

view as well of what is going on within North Korea. This may is the

:06:55.:07:00.

first Congress of the workers party and it is the first one since the

:07:01.:07:03.

early 1980s, since before Kim Jong-un was born. The disease coming

:07:04.:07:10.

out party, his cementing of control after taking over after the death of

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his father and this is his trophy project. Does this show him to be a

:07:15.:07:22.

weak leader, given the state of the political and economic situation in

:07:23.:07:25.

North Korea and the fact that it is not proven that they have these

:07:26.:07:30.

weapons? Well, there is always a problem in North Korea that even if

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he has got a weapon that he can deliver, he still isn't able to feed

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his people keep the lights on, there are power cuts regularly, food aid

:07:41.:07:44.

is down, the are biting about whatever the rhetoric that comes

:07:45.:07:49.

from Pyongyang. He has a lot of domestic problems that he needs to

:07:50.:07:52.

shore up and that has to be done as well as, of course, keeping up its

:07:53.:07:57.

rhetoric against the rest of the world.

:07:58.:08:01.

The most senior cleric in the Church of England has revealed the identity

:08:02.:08:04.

of his biologicial father, after a DNA test.

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Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury, says he has now

:08:07.:08:08.

confirmed that his father was a senior British diplomat.

:08:09.:08:10.

Justin Welby is currently in Zambia, meeting local

:08:11.:08:13.

a revelation that came, he said, as a complete surprise.

:08:14.:08:19.

The resemblance between the Archbishop and Sir Anthony

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He had hoped to dispel rumours they were related.

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Sir Anthony was Winston Churchill's last private secretary,

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the Archbishop's mother also worked for Churchill and it seems

:08:32.:08:34.

the pair went to bed together immediately before her marriage.

:08:35.:08:38.

Shortly before Easter, the Archbishop agreed to a DNA test

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Swabs from inside his cheek were compared with hairs found on a

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brush that once belonged to Sir Anthony Montague Browne.

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The result - near certainty that Sir Anthony was

:08:53.:08:55.

Justin Welby's mother married Gavin Welby in 1955 and her

:08:56.:09:01.

The Archbishop's childhood was, he said, messy.

:09:02.:09:11.

The man he thought was his father died in 1977.

:09:12.:09:13.

In a statement today, he

:09:14.:09:17.

said too many families suffered similar problems.

:09:18.:09:20.

Friends believe the revelation won't change him.

:09:21.:09:37.

I think it will make a difference to lots of other people

:09:38.:09:40.

who have discovered that their biological parents

:09:41.:09:44.

thought they were rather later in life, they will identify with the

:09:45.:09:50.

Archbishop and his story and he will with them so I think it will

:09:51.:09:53.

increase even more his pastoral sensitivity.

:09:54.:09:55.

The Archbishop's mother, now Lady Jane Williams, said today:

:09:56.:10:06.

Admitting to a relationship with Sir Anthony, she added:

:10:07.:10:15.

The Archbishop says he is proud of his mother,

:10:16.:10:19.

and became a pillar of the community.

:10:20.:10:23.

As for himself, he says he found in God the father he lacked

:10:24.:10:26.

Several thousand people in the Polish capital Warsaw have

:10:27.:10:33.

protested against a proposal to completely ban

:10:34.:10:34.

The protests were organised by a group opposing a recent call

:10:35.:10:40.

by some Catholic bishops for an unconditional

:10:41.:10:41.

Adam Easton has the latest from Warsaw.

:10:42.:10:51.

People are protesting here against a proposal to have a complete and on

:10:52.:10:57.

abortion. Poland already has one of the strip is abortion laws in the

:10:58.:11:04.

EU. It is only a rout in cases of rape or incest, when the help --

:11:05.:11:09.

health of the mother is endangered when the foetus has medical

:11:10.:11:14.

problems. Women who have abortions or doctors who perform them could

:11:15.:11:22.

face up to five years in prison. Parliament in the past has rejected

:11:23.:11:27.

similar initiatives but pro-life groups are more optimistic because

:11:28.:11:34.

the governing Justice party strongly supports Roman Catholic values.

:11:35.:11:36.

People here say that women should have a choice. Some are holding coat

:11:37.:11:43.

hangers as a symbol of illegal backstreet abortions which they say

:11:44.:11:46.

stricter law only encourage. The Austrian government says it

:11:47.:11:58.

plans to seize the house where Adolf Hitler was born to stop

:11:59.:12:00.

it being a focal point Officials say the decision was taken

:12:01.:12:03.

after several years of discussion about how

:12:04.:12:06.

to prevent neo-Nazi interest. The government has not yet

:12:07.:12:08.

said what it intends Stay with us on BBC World News,

:12:09.:12:10.

still to come: How sections of a floating bridge dating

:12:11.:12:22.

from the Second World War has been The latest headlines: Belgian

:12:23.:12:25.

prosecutors have charged four men with terror offences following last

:12:26.:13:39.

month's Brussels attacks, including Mohamed Abrini he -- has confirmed

:13:40.:13:43.

he was the man in the hat. The United States has urged

:13:44.:13:57.

North Korea not to further increase political tension

:13:58.:13:59.

following its nuclear test. Jordan Speith is three shots clear

:14:00.:14:26.

and five under overall. Michael Roy is two over, so one under overall.

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-- Michael Roy. Rule the World has ruled

:14:30.:14:34.

at Aintree this afternoon, the 33 to one shot ridden by 19 year

:14:35.:14:36.

old David Mullins has Joint favourite The Last Samuri

:14:37.:14:39.

was second. It was a three horse race

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going into the final furlong. 8-1 shot The Last Samuri had lead

:14:43.:14:44.

much of the closing stages but it was the Irish trained

:14:45.:14:47.

Rule The World that came home first. There were 16 finishers

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from the field of 39 Understandably, winning jockey

:14:51.:14:55.

David Mullins described the race as "the best ride I've

:14:56.:15:02.

ever got off a horse". I couldn't give you a word, I

:15:03.:15:12.

couldn't give you a sentence and I probably won't be able to until next

:15:13.:15:17.

year when it does think in but it is magical to have family around on a

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special day like this, it means a lot. You were just 19, your first

:15:21.:15:25.

National, could you possibly believe what has happened? No, this time

:15:26.:15:30.

last year I hadn't a winner over fences so to come here and even get

:15:31.:15:34.

a ride, I thought I was doing well, but to winds it, it is amazing.

:15:35.:15:41.

Aston Villa are all but relegated after losing 2-1

:15:42.:15:43.

Norwich - who are in 17th place - lost 1-0 to Crystal Palace

:15:44.:15:48.

which prevented Villa from going down.

:15:49.:15:50.

Jordan Ayew scored a late consolation goal for the home side

:15:51.:15:53.

after Steve Cook and Josh King had put Bournemouth

:15:54.:15:55.

Villa now need to win all their remaining games and hugely

:15:56.:15:59.

improve their goal difference to have any chance of surviving.

:16:00.:16:07.

I was happy in terms of the energy that the players gave us and the

:16:08.:16:12.

desire to do what we asked them. We have conceded boorish goals for us.

:16:13.:16:19.

But we have to remain positive and professional and we've got another

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six games. It can't be easy playing in that atmosphere sometimes? I am

:16:25.:16:28.

sure it is not but they have only been two or three victories here all

:16:29.:16:33.

season, I certainly won't be criticising the spectators in any

:16:34.:16:36.

shape, way or form. They turned out again today. I find that remarkable,

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this is nothing to do with the support.

:16:42.:16:43.

Arsenal's hopes of winning the Premier League now look

:16:44.:16:45.

all but over, they were held to a 3-3 draw by West Ham.

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The Hammers were 2-0 down before a hat-trick from Andy Carroll.

:16:49.:16:51.

Laurent Koscielny got Arsenal's equaliser.

:16:52.:16:52.

Arsene Wenger's side are now 10 points off the top of the table

:16:53.:16:55.

It was a crazy one. I think we dominated completely in the first

:16:56.:17:16.

half. We would 2-0 up and really, we only to look at ourselves on that.

:17:17.:17:22.

It was a big boost for West Ham, mentally, and a big blow for us. We

:17:23.:17:29.

asked 3-2 down at least, we have shown resilience and come back to

:17:30.:17:35.

3-3. In the day's other games,

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Manchester City came from behind to beat West Brom 2-1

:17:39.:17:41.

and consolidate their Newcastle United edged ever closer

:17:42.:17:42.

to relegation as they were beaten Gus Hiddink suffered his first

:17:43.:17:46.

defeat in the Premier League since taking interim charge

:17:47.:17:50.

at Chelsea, losing 1-0 Watford ended a four-match losing

:17:51.:17:52.

run, coming from behind to draw 1-1 Police in El Salvador have conducted

:17:53.:17:56.

a raid on the local offices of the law firm Mossack Fonseca,

:17:57.:18:03.

which has been at the centre of a series of revelations about its

:18:04.:18:05.

wealthy clients' tax affairs. Documents and equipment were seized

:18:06.:18:08.

in the latest response to a massive data leak which has caused

:18:09.:18:11.

shockwaves around the world. More than half of the offshore

:18:12.:18:13.

companies set up by Mossack Fonseca are registered in the

:18:14.:18:16.

British Virgin Islands. The BBC's Michelle Fleury has

:18:17.:18:19.

travelled there to investigate. The British Virgin Islands, whether

:18:20.:18:36.

union Jack still flies and symbols of the Queen are everywhere. This

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tropical paradise is an unlikely engine room of global finance. There

:18:42.:18:49.

are around 500,000 active offshore companies in a territory whose

:18:50.:18:54.

population is just 20 8000. With so many other firms mentioned in the

:18:55.:18:58.

Panama papers, registered here, the British Virgin Islands reputation

:18:59.:19:03.

has been called into question. At the heart of it, one law firm,

:19:04.:19:12.

Mossack Fonseca. Hello. I've just rank above the of the reddish virgin

:19:13.:19:21.

Island office of most that Fonseca. The moment the people saw our

:19:22.:19:24.

camera, they disappeared through a door. We're still waiting to find

:19:25.:19:29.

out if anyone will speak to us. The doors opened to so many remained

:19:30.:19:35.

closed to us. The company denies any wrongdoing. In his first interview

:19:36.:19:39.

since the leak, the British Virgin Islands Premier told me an

:19:40.:19:42.

investigation had been launched. Had we know Mossack Fonseca is one lone

:19:43.:19:48.

bad Apple and that there aren't many more out there? In any kind of

:19:49.:19:54.

business, there will be a few bad apples, people who would want to use

:19:55.:20:03.

it. This is why there are laws and regulations which allow them to be

:20:04.:20:06.

investigated and action to be taken. And then this. Their premier

:20:07.:20:12.

seemingly implied those who leaked the data were at full. The

:20:13.:20:19.

information leaked what breached. Information which to a large extent

:20:20.:20:25.

hadn't shown any long -- wrongdoing. The British Virgin Islands has made

:20:26.:20:28.

a fortune of setting up these companies whether the identity of

:20:29.:20:35.

the owners is not own. -- known. These mailboxes may look anonymous

:20:36.:20:39.

but in some cases, they are their headquarters for businesses that

:20:40.:20:45.

have been registered here. There will always be liars and cheats

:20:46.:20:50.

unforced as in the world. This man is a fraud investigator. He says

:20:51.:20:54.

that while the culture is changing, some prefer secrecy. In the 1980s,

:20:55.:20:59.

no one knew nothing about offshore companies. But since then, Bagan has

:21:00.:21:05.

been made. Here is your to form companies, you get to have this

:21:06.:21:09.

license on a condition that you know who your customers are and if they

:21:10.:21:13.

are dodgy, you dump them and report suspicious activity to the police.

:21:14.:21:16.

That is the bargain and it seems that we have been let down in part

:21:17.:21:21.

by some of their activities. The leak is keeping pressure to perform.

:21:22.:21:29.

Here on these pristine islands, I haven for more than just tourists.

:21:30.:21:32.

The Egyptian authorities say they have rejected an Italian

:21:33.:21:34.

request for thousands of phone records to help Rome

:21:35.:21:36.

investigate the murder of an Italian student in Cairo.

:21:37.:21:39.

The body of the student, Giulio Regeni, who was investigating

:21:40.:21:41.

unions and activism in Egypt, was found severely

:21:42.:21:44.

Egypt's assistant state prosecutor said the request, put

:21:45.:21:50.

during a meeting in Rome, was unconstitutional.

:21:51.:21:53.

On Friday, Italy recalled its ambassador from Cairo in protest

:21:54.:22:01.

Now, the D-Day landings were one of the biggest turning points of World

:22:02.:22:07.

War II as Allied troops launched a major offensive against the Germans

:22:08.:22:11.

from the beaches of Normandy. To ensure the major was a success, the

:22:12.:22:16.

British Army installed an artificial harbour with huge floating road

:22:17.:22:19.

bridges to off-load cargo and soldiers. 70 years on, one section

:22:20.:22:25.

of the so-called whale Bridge has been salvaged from France, restored

:22:26.:22:30.

and brought back to Britain. Mark Cartwright has a story.

:22:31.:22:34.

Its sections of steel, bolts, plates, metal parts,

:22:35.:22:36.

The whale bridge, in World War II, crucial to the liberation of Europe.

:22:37.:22:40.

In June 1944 in the days after D-Day sections were towed

:22:41.:22:43.

A floating roadway, a harbour constructed.

:22:44.:22:47.

For the Allies it provided a foothold into France,

:22:48.:22:50.

allowing troops and machinery to break out from

:22:51.:22:53.

More than 70 years later, fully restored, this, the only

:22:54.:22:58.

I had to go and touch it because to think that this object

:22:59.:23:07.

was there, at that moment in history, something that we talk

:23:08.:23:10.

about in this museum a lot, a very key moment in British history

:23:11.:23:13.

and international history, so to have this object is something

:23:14.:23:17.

In pieces, rusting in France, it had been used as a road bridge

:23:18.:23:24.

Almost scrapped, these engineers rebuilt it, saved it.

:23:25.:23:30.

While it laid there it had brambles and it was very, very

:23:31.:23:34.

rusty and looking sorry for itself, to be honest.

:23:35.:23:38.

I suspect it wouldn't have laid there much longer before somebody

:23:39.:23:41.

had chopped it up and it would have been going through a smelting plant

:23:42.:23:45.

and coming out as something else, so it was important to get it back.

:23:46.:23:48.

So to rescue it like you've done, how do you feel?

:23:49.:23:50.

I feel proud of myself and proud of the guys.

:23:51.:23:55.

It is 80 feet long 24 metres, but in all ten miles of these

:23:56.:23:58.

sections were manufactured, two floating harbours.

:23:59.:24:01.

Mulberry A destroyed by a storm before it

:24:02.:24:04.

could be used but this one, Mulberry B, over five months more

:24:05.:24:07.

than two million men crossed this bridge and more 500,000 machines.

:24:08.:24:11.

You are able to make a direct connection through this,

:24:12.:24:16.

what effectively is a massive 80 foot piece of metal,

:24:17.:24:22.

but you can directly connect with the soldiers

:24:23.:24:26.

who were there in those days in June 1944 who were using this at a very

:24:27.:24:30.

It helps bring to an end the dark days of Nazi occupation.

:24:31.:24:38.

An extraordinary feat in engineering,

:24:39.:24:41.

Mark Cartwright, BBC News, Duxford.

:24:42.:24:52.

Belgium's federal prosecutor says Mohamed Abrini -

:24:53.:25:19.

a key suspect in the Paris attacks - has admitted being the so-called

:25:20.:25:22.

"man in the hat" seen with two suicide bombers at Brussels

:25:23.:25:25.

He's said to have told prosecutors he threw his own bomb away before

:25:26.:25:31.

Abrini is one of four people charged by Belgian police today over

:25:32.:25:32.

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