12/04/2016 World News Today


12/04/2016

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The IMF warns that the world is increasingly exposed

:00:07.:00:17.

The Brazilian president, Dilma Rousseff, accuses her

:00:18.:00:21.

Vice President of being one of the leaders of a plot

:00:22.:00:27.

Reaching for the stars - why Stephen Hawking is backing

:00:28.:00:32.

a journey to another solar system - 25 TRILLION miles away.

:00:33.:00:58.

If we are to survive as a species, we must ultimately spread to the

:00:59.:01:05.

stars. Too slow for too long -

:01:06.:01:08.

that's the International Monetary Fund's assessment of the global

:01:09.:01:10.

economy for 2016. For the second time this year it has

:01:11.:01:12.

downgraded its forecast for growth, raising fears of another

:01:13.:01:15.

global recession. This time, the IMF has

:01:16.:01:17.

forecast growth of 3.2% - Crashing oil prices have

:01:18.:01:20.

badly affected Nigeria, The IMF says the economies of Brazil

:01:21.:01:25.

and Russia will shrink this year. Elsewhere, China's growth

:01:26.:01:31.

figures have actually been revised up slightly -

:01:32.:01:33.

to 6.5 per cent - but there is still long-term concern about

:01:34.:01:37.

whether its economy can diversify. Maurice Obstfeld, the IMF's chief

:01:38.:01:45.

economist, told the BBC how different the picture looks

:01:46.:01:48.

around the world. It's an incredibly diverse picture

:01:49.:01:59.

if you look at it. Some are doing really well, India is growing over

:02:00.:02:04.

7% and benefiting from these low commodity prices that are precisely

:02:05.:02:08.

the cause of the very slow growth, if not crises, in other economies.

:02:09.:02:20.

Survey we see a lot of diversity. The headwinds in the commodity

:02:21.:02:24.

exporters are severe, longer term they have to find new growth models

:02:25.:02:29.

with Maud diverse export bases and that won't happen overnight.

:02:30.:02:31.

Financial markets of course react to that. So hopefully be is the report?

:02:32.:02:43.

Over the last couple of years there has been a gradual change in the

:02:44.:02:47.

town from the IMF, increasing concern that the recovery after the

:02:48.:02:52.

financial crisis, which was back in 2008, it is never really got a head

:02:53.:02:58.

of steam going. Increasingly they are concerned that there is this

:02:59.:03:03.

vulnerability to shocks, that an economy that is growing strongly

:03:04.:03:07.

might be able to take it in its stride but there is a real concern

:03:08.:03:13.

that unexpected or even expected adverse effects, if we look at the

:03:14.:03:16.

geopolitical issues around the world, could lead to the world

:03:17.:03:20.

economy stalling and going into what they call a period of protracted

:03:21.:03:27.

stagnation. Eurozone first of all, what in particular didn't have to

:03:28.:03:33.

say about Greece? On Greece, it does expect the economy to contract a

:03:34.:03:37.

can, it's one of the small number of countries which is actually looking

:03:38.:03:41.

at contraction this year. Having said that, Greece in particular

:03:42.:03:45.

wasn't quite as bad as when the IMF last forecast, and I have heard

:03:46.:03:53.

people suggest that what the IMF are trying to do with Greece is painted

:03:54.:03:56.

downbeat picture to encourage the likes of Germany to cooperate more.

:03:57.:04:04.

Within the Eurozone still, what does it have to say about the issue of

:04:05.:04:08.

the British exit with a referendum on the possible British exit? The

:04:09.:04:13.

IMF does have a concern that it could lead to what is called severe

:04:14.:04:19.

regional and global economic damage, disrupting established patterns of

:04:20.:04:23.

trade, worries it might affect confidence and investment in

:04:24.:04:28.

Britain, and trading with the UK. It has to be said this is very much a

:04:29.:04:33.

judgment of the IMF's on economists, one of the campaign groups seeking

:04:34.:04:39.

to persuade the British to leave the EU has said the IMF has talked down

:04:40.:04:43.

the British economy before and has been proved wrong. And some for up

:04:44.:04:49.

and coming stars, particularly Brazil and Russia, singled out?

:04:50.:04:56.

Puzzle is looking at the contraction this year of frequent 8%, same as

:04:57.:05:01.

last day, that is a dismal picture? Brazil is looking. There is also

:05:02.:05:10.

commodity prices, result is a big exporter of Soria beans, that has

:05:11.:05:14.

been a factor, as has been the slowdown in China, which is a big

:05:15.:05:19.

trading partner for Brazil. As for Russia, it is also to do with the

:05:20.:05:22.

international sanctions that have been put in place as a result of the

:05:23.:05:28.

crisis in Ukraine. Russia is probably also going to contract this

:05:29.:05:32.

year but not as sharply as Brazil. Any good news in this report? I

:05:33.:05:38.

suppose that there is still growth, just not as we would like to see it.

:05:39.:05:45.

Brazil's president Dilma Rouseff, who is facing impeachment,

:05:46.:05:47.

has accused her second in command of conspiring to overthrow her.

:05:48.:05:51.

Brazil's Vice President, Michel Temer, accidentally released

:05:52.:05:52.

an audio message of himself rehearsing a speech in which he

:05:53.:05:56.

speaks as if the impeachment has already happened.

:05:57.:06:09.

TRANSLATION: As below house of Congress decides with the

:06:10.:06:14.

significant number of votes to open impeachment proceedings, many people

:06:15.:06:18.

sought me out so I would give at least some preliminary remarks to

:06:19.:06:22.

the Brazilian nation, which I'm doing with modesty, caution and

:06:23.:06:27.

moderation but also as a vice president, and natural substitute of

:06:28.:06:33.

the president. Let's go over to our correspondent in Rio where a hugely

:06:34.:06:40.

angry Dilma Rousseff was. It's not the first time she has alleged what

:06:41.:06:45.

is happening against her is a coup against a democratically elected

:06:46.:06:48.

government, but as the week progresses, as that big boat before

:06:49.:06:51.

the full house of Congress at the end of the week comes close, the

:06:52.:06:56.

division lines are becoming clearer between was going to support Dilma

:06:57.:06:59.

Rousseff and who is against her. Michel Temer still is vice president

:07:00.:07:06.

in our government but his party has withdrawn from government, so from

:07:07.:07:09.

being a close ally of the president, she has now accused him of being one

:07:10.:07:13.

of the main plotters, of being part of this can attempt against the

:07:14.:07:20.

government. -- coup attempt. For her, proof of the pudding was

:07:21.:07:25.

yesterday in which this audio tape was released, in which Michel Temer

:07:26.:07:30.

appears presidential himself, reluctantly taking on the Brazilian

:07:31.:07:36.

presidency as Dilma Rousseff is temporarily suspended. That

:07:37.:07:40.

impeachment vote hasn't actually happened yet so this was either a

:07:41.:07:45.

silly mistake by Michel Temer or as Dilma Rousseff would see it, part of

:07:46.:07:50.

a plot to weaken her position, as we await this crucial vote. Where are

:07:51.:07:57.

we with this proceeding against Dilma Rousseff and how likely is it

:07:58.:08:00.

thought that she will face impeachment proceedings? Momentum

:08:01.:08:07.

certainly against the president. A congressional committee yesterday

:08:08.:08:11.

voted by a simple majority to advance the impeachment proceedings

:08:12.:08:15.

further. That goes to the full house of Congress at the weekend. The

:08:16.:08:18.

problem for the opposition is they need a two thirds majority to force

:08:19.:08:23.

this removal of Dilma Rousseff from office for the impeachment trial

:08:24.:08:27.

takes place. Getting that majority won't be easy. It will have to be

:08:28.:08:33.

very close. That is what the release of this tape by Michel Temer, the

:08:34.:08:38.

position of the medium-sized and small parties in Congress, will be

:08:39.:08:42.

crucial. One thing that Dilma Rousseff says is that many of those

:08:43.:08:45.

who are against her are accused of far more serious crimes that she is.

:08:46.:08:51.

She is being impeached over a relatively minor fiscal

:08:52.:08:55.

misdemeanour, yet many of the people in Congress who are sitting in

:08:56.:08:59.

judgment on her are accused of much more serious crimes. We just heard

:09:00.:09:05.

from the IMF, Brazil in particular mentioned with a rather negative

:09:06.:09:10.

outlook, particularly in light of the political instability we are

:09:11.:09:14.

seeing. That is a huge problem, the country is in recession, we have 10%

:09:15.:09:18.

inflation here, all of this after a decade of Stella economic growth.

:09:19.:09:23.

The big problem right now is while everybody's attention is focused on

:09:24.:09:29.

the corruption crisis and political crisis, nobody is focusing on the

:09:30.:09:33.

economy. One of those problems you pointed out, are still there. -- all

:09:34.:09:40.

of those problems. This impeachment process could last until the end of

:09:41.:09:44.

the year. So the economic crisis isn't going to get better any time

:09:45.:09:48.

soon, all of those issues like commodity prices, the falling price

:09:49.:09:52.

of oil, are real factors here but nobody is talking about that right

:09:53.:09:54.

now. Prince Harry and the David Cameron

:09:55.:09:58.

have joined the families of British victims of last year's terror

:09:59.:10:00.

attacks in Tunisia for a memorial service

:10:01.:10:03.

at Westminster Abbey. Candles, representing the life

:10:04.:10:10.

of each of those killed in the attacks on a tourist beach

:10:11.:10:12.

in Sousse and a museum in Tunis, A Lebanese court has charged

:10:13.:10:16.

an Australian mother and four Australian television journalists

:10:17.:10:19.

with abducting the woman's two The incident was caught

:10:20.:10:21.

on these CCTV pictures. The team was following the story

:10:22.:10:25.

of the woman, Sally Faulkner, who was trying to get back her

:10:26.:10:28.

children from her ex-husband, Belgian authorities have charged

:10:29.:10:32.

a further two men with terrorist offences, over last month's

:10:33.:10:38.

attacks on Brussels airport The men - identified only

:10:39.:10:41.

as "Smail F" and "Ibrahim F" - are suspected of helping to rent

:10:42.:10:49.

an apartment, that served as a safe 32 people were killed

:10:50.:10:52.

in the attacks. David Gest, the American music

:10:53.:10:55.

producer, who became a reality television star in Britain, has been

:10:56.:10:58.

found dead in a London hotel. Gest was briefly married

:10:59.:11:01.

to the actress and singer A childhood friend of

:11:02.:11:13.

Michael Jackson, in 2001 Gest produced a highly successful show

:11:14.:11:16.

featuring the star. Imagine a journey far

:11:17.:11:18.

beyond our solar system. Scientists have already sent

:11:19.:11:21.

satellites billions of miles into deep space, but now there's

:11:22.:11:23.

a new project that could see spacecraft the size of a thumbnail

:11:24.:11:26.

travelling to another star The interstellar mission

:11:27.:11:28.

has the backing of Professor Stephen Hawking,

:11:29.:11:32.

as our science correspondent For thousands of years,

:11:33.:11:34.

people have dreamt of one day The world's most famous scientist,

:11:35.:11:43.

Stephen Hawking, thinks that that Astronomers believe there

:11:44.:11:47.

is a reasonable chance of an earth-like planet orbiting one

:11:48.:11:54.

of the stars in the Alpha Centauri system, but we'll know more

:11:55.:12:00.

in the next two decades Technological developments

:12:01.:12:10.

in the last two decades and in the future make it,

:12:11.:12:12.

in principle, possible Already a probe has been

:12:13.:12:14.

sent to Pluto. That is seven-and-a-half

:12:15.:12:23.

billion miles away. And Voyager I has reached the edge

:12:24.:12:26.

of our solar system. The plan is to send a spacecraft

:12:27.:12:29.

to a star in another solar system. That's a staggering 25

:12:30.:12:37.

trillion miles away. Using current technology,

:12:38.:12:43.

it would take a spacecraft 30,000 years to get to to our closest star,

:12:44.:12:45.

but by making them smaller, Over the years, the size of

:12:46.:12:48.

spacecraft have shrunk dramatically. In the 1980s this microsatellite

:12:49.:12:57.

was used for earth observation. In the 1990s, this nano-satellite

:12:58.:13:01.

was launched for communications. The ultimate aim of the new research

:13:02.:13:07.

programme is to make them even smaller, to cram all the cameras

:13:08.:13:10.

and instruments you have in these The idea is to launch

:13:11.:13:15.

these mini-spacecraft A giant laser on earth would give

:13:16.:13:26.

each one a powerful push, sending it on its way, reaching

:13:27.:13:32.

a speed of 100 miles per second. Life on earth faces dangers

:13:33.:13:37.

from astronomical events likes astroids and supernovas,

:13:38.:13:39.

another danger from ourselves. If we are to survive

:13:40.:13:43.

as a species, we must ultimately Here in Surrey where they pioneered

:13:44.:13:45.

the development of minisatellites 30 years ago, scientists believe it

:13:46.:14:01.

will be possible. What we did back in the 1980s

:14:02.:14:03.

was considered very wacky, and now small satellites

:14:04.:14:05.

are all the fashion. This is currently a wacky-sounding

:14:06.:14:07.

idea, but technologies have moved There is still a lot of work needed

:14:08.:14:10.

to develop the technology, but scientists believe that

:14:11.:14:16.

although it will be difficult, What was once a distant dream

:14:17.:14:18.

could very soon become reality. Dr Matteo Ceriotti is a Lecturer

:14:19.:14:33.

in space systems engineering I suppose the question many will be

:14:34.:14:44.

wondering about is, is it really possible? What do you say? Well,

:14:45.:14:51.

it's very, very ambitious, definitely, but this doesn't mean we

:14:52.:14:56.

shouldn't sit a timeline and set up a framework to work towards, to

:14:57.:15:02.

achieve this goal within the next hundred years. 100 years, you think

:15:03.:15:10.

is the realistic timescale? Yes, this is what they are proposing, and

:15:11.:15:15.

the budget is estimated in about $100 million, it's quite a big

:15:16.:15:19.

budget, white bread, in the relatively near future. Just talk us

:15:20.:15:25.

through what we saw in the report about the technology you would use

:15:26.:15:32.

to get something to travel in say, 30 years, rather than 30,000 years

:15:33.:15:39.

that it would take at present. It would need a radically different

:15:40.:15:44.

propulsion system. At the moment spacecraft travelling using rockets,

:15:45.:15:50.

we need to propulsion mass, we could reach relatively low speeds, so 17

:15:51.:15:57.

kilometres per second, we need a disruptive technology and this is

:15:58.:15:59.

what they are suggesting, using laser pumped solar seeds, miniature

:16:00.:16:06.

right spacecraft that deploy a reflective surface, which would be

:16:07.:16:11.

fired upon from a massive later on earth and by reflecting the laser

:16:12.:16:15.

would receive a force that would eventually boost the spacecraft to

:16:16.:16:21.

speeds that have never been reached before by anything built by human

:16:22.:16:26.

beings. We are talking about something really tiny, possibly as

:16:27.:16:29.

small as a thumbnail, but what can that do when it eventually arrives

:16:30.:16:36.

at its destination? Definitely miniaturisation of electronics is

:16:37.:16:39.

one of the challenges but this is what is needed, we need the

:16:40.:16:44.

spacecraft mass extra low if we wanted to accelerate to such speeds,

:16:45.:16:49.

so electronics and the need as well as the engineering of lightweight

:16:50.:16:59.

materials. And what is behind this project, is it to find

:17:00.:17:02.

extraterrestrials are? That is definitely one of the aims, another

:17:03.:17:07.

one is to look outside of the solar system, we have never done that, we

:17:08.:17:12.

want to see the solar system from the outside. So you think this is

:17:13.:17:16.

going to happen? This is definitely something we are going to see from

:17:17.:17:20.

the realms of space fiction to reality? I definitely hope it's good

:17:21.:17:25.

to happen and we should definitely pursue the project, yes. Thank you

:17:26.:17:28.

very much. German prosecutors say an unnamed

:17:29.:17:32.

rail dispatcher was using his mobile phone to play games,

:17:33.:17:34.

shortly before two trains 11 people were killed

:17:35.:17:36.

in the crash in February. Prosecutors say the dispatcher has

:17:37.:17:42.

been arrested on suspicion In a statement, prosecutors said

:17:43.:17:46.

the man was likely to have been distracted from his work,

:17:47.:17:51.

leading him to give He then made a mistake sending

:17:52.:17:54.

an emergency message, which The statement said that the man

:17:55.:17:59.

admitted playing games on his phone, Art experts in front say they

:18:00.:18:23.

believe a painting found in an attic two years ago is an authentic

:18:24.:18:27.

Caravaggio. It could be worth over $130 million. The canvas is thought

:18:28.:18:36.

to have been lying in the property in Toulouse for 150 years before its

:18:37.:18:40.

discovery. The art specialist to retrieve the painting says it bears

:18:41.:18:44.

all the hallmarks of the Italian Renaissance master. The owners of

:18:45.:18:49.

this painting not know of the existence of the picture, they did

:18:50.:18:52.

not know that they had this picture, because they found it in part of an

:18:53.:18:57.

attic which they had never been. There was a leak in the roof so the

:18:58.:19:03.

reach the roof, they had to go through the attic and to break the

:19:04.:19:06.

door they had never opened at the end of the attic. Behind the door

:19:07.:19:08.

was the picture. The England cricketer James Taylor

:19:09.:19:11.

has been forced to retire due The 26-year-old has been

:19:12.:19:13.

diagnosed with ARVC - which means one side of his heart

:19:14.:19:17.

fails to pump blood around He posted this picture

:19:18.:19:20.

from his hospital bed -he's due to have a heart

:19:21.:19:29.

operation within days. He went on to say the diagnosis had

:19:30.:19:30.

turned his world upside down. The former premier league

:19:31.:19:34.

player Fabrice Muamba has His heart stopped beating

:19:35.:19:35.

for 78 minutes during a match four years ago -

:19:36.:19:39.

he came close to death but later Thank you for coming in. A very sad

:19:40.:19:55.

thing for the career of one sport person but perhaps having this

:19:56.:19:58.

diagnosed has averted a worse tragedy? It is a real shame for the

:19:59.:20:07.

cricketer, but the positive is that a condition has been identified. We

:20:08.:20:12.

know this particular condition is genetic with a propensity to be

:20:13.:20:18.

inherited. Today is characterised by fibrous and fatty replacement of the

:20:19.:20:25.

heart muscle which renders it more susceptible -- ARVC. That is

:20:26.:20:29.

worsened by factors such as exercise,... So it could strike at

:20:30.:20:35.

any time, if there was a factor like exertion? In particular it is during

:20:36.:20:39.

exercise or often just after exercise, the heart becomes more

:20:40.:20:45.

susceptible to surges, during exercise, the heart has the cope

:20:46.:20:51.

with increased demand, stretching of the heart muscle and that can render

:20:52.:20:54.

it more susceptible to potentially fatal arrhythmias. Lots of people

:20:55.:21:00.

will be wondering if this could be latent in any of them, that this

:21:01.:21:03.

could appear out of the blue? Could there have been any symptoms

:21:04.:21:10.

previously in somebody's life? The thing to stress is that exercise has

:21:11.:21:13.

a multitude of benefits and that should be pushed home. However in a

:21:14.:21:18.

small proportion. Our experience shows that we find these conditions

:21:19.:21:24.

in about one of 300 individuals, rendering them susceptible to a

:21:25.:21:29.

potentially life-threatening arrhythmia. So in those cases yes,

:21:30.:21:38.

there is a need to be cautious. So it is asymptomatic, their symptoms

:21:39.:21:42.

in the past majority of cases. We are told exercise is good for our

:21:43.:21:47.

heart but they say it is rare, they will always be the worry of people

:21:48.:21:50.

exercising and this could potentially happen? The point is not

:21:51.:21:57.

to scaremonger, exercise is very good, multifaceted benefits, but we

:21:58.:22:01.

need to be looking actively for these conditions when appropriate in

:22:02.:22:07.

a certain proportion of cases, especially athletes who are pushing

:22:08.:22:10.

themselves beyond their own metabolic capabilities. Told me

:22:11.:22:15.

about the screening being done and how it has improved and what it

:22:16.:22:19.

enables you to do for a person when it has picked up? There are a

:22:20.:22:25.

variety of sporting organisations that mandate that their athletes do

:22:26.:22:31.

undergo screening, and an ECG, and electrical tracing of the heart,

:22:32.:22:36.

that would detect cases of three macro in a 80% of cases, and

:22:37.:22:43.

hypertrophic, in those cases, the ECG is sensitive in up to 95% of

:22:44.:22:53.

cases. -- detect cases of ARVC. In some cases they would... But through

:22:54.:23:01.

history of examination and an ECG, we would detect the majority of

:23:02.:23:06.

cases which would potentially lead to a potentially fatal arrhythmia.

:23:07.:23:11.

What might be the options for the wider population? There are a

:23:12.:23:17.

variety of treatments available, if one is diagnosed, including

:23:18.:23:19.

lifestyle modification, perhaps reducing the amount of exercise you

:23:20.:23:25.

do, but if one wants to be screened, there is the Test cap M Heart

:23:26.:23:35.

screening,. Thank you very much. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

:23:36.:23:39.

have visited a charity working with street children in India

:23:40.:23:42.

on the third day of They saw how the Salaam Baalak Trust

:23:43.:23:44.

provides support for This report from our

:23:45.:23:48.

Royal Correspondent Nicholas Witchell contains

:23:49.:23:51.

some flash photography. In Delhi alone, there are thousands

:23:52.:24:16.

of street children, at risk of abuse and exploitation. Could

:24:17.:24:28.

you ask... Doctors and psychiatrists who treat the children, mental

:24:29.:24:36.

health among children is an issue couple are keen to highlight, so

:24:37.:24:41.

from William, the question. What can we do to help? Spread the word about

:24:42.:24:46.

street children, they have a right to being in a safe space. The couple

:24:47.:24:52.

joined the children in a hostel run by a charity. Kate sat on the ground

:24:53.:24:56.

and did some sketching. The thing many of the children through was her

:24:57.:25:01.

house, the thing none of them has. That is what Kate Crew, too, rather

:25:02.:25:06.

English Home Counties sort of house. With you are a duchess or a street

:25:07.:25:10.

kid, it seems the instinct is much the same. It was time to go. William

:25:11.:25:16.

and Catherine had an appointment to see India's Prime Minister, from the

:25:17.:25:20.

powerless to be powerful, their journey through India's extremes

:25:21.:25:26.

continues. This week is an intense emotion in the many sides of India.

:25:27.:25:30.

Tonight they are in the east, in Assam, the journey to see nature

:25:31.:25:33.

conservation tomorrow. We are also on Facebook and on the

:25:34.:25:49.

BBC News act. That is it from us. Next, the weather. From me and the

:25:50.:25:52.

rest of the team, goodbye. We continue to see huge contrasts

:25:53.:26:11.

from day-to-day and placed the place. Low pressure is in control of

:26:12.:26:15.

our weather, that means the air is unstable, volatile, allowing areas

:26:16.:26:20.

of rain to develop and we have certainly

:26:21.:26:21.

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