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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.
In an age in learning our language face benefit cuts. -- N-Gage.
Germany's message to migrants which Angela Merkel says will make
it easier for asylum seekers to enter the workplace.
Two powerful earthquakes have struck southern Japan,
causing buildings to collapse, sparking fires
Marching so the world doesn't forget their daughters.
The campaign for the release of Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped
exactly two years ago by Boko Haram militants.
And can teenagers keep off their phones long enough
One of America's largest cinema chains decides to let
people use their mobiles to text during films.
Learn our language or risk losing your benefits.
Those are the conditions soon to be imposed on migrants wanting
The country has been struggling to find ways of handling
the one million migrants who arrived last year.
The flow of asylum seekers into Europe isn't letting up.
As countries in the east of the continent tighten
their border controls, many migrants are once again turning
to the dangerous route across the Mediterranean.
The weather is improving and already there has been a marked increase
in people making the risky sea crossing in recent weeks.
Dangerous crossing to Europe is an option.
Despite the efforts of European Navies to contain the
central Mediterranean route, the smuggling
There is no end of desperate people prepared to make this journey -
and no shortage of unsuitable boats ready to carry them.
Last year, 87% of 900,000 migrants reaching Europe came through Greece.
Following a new deal with Turkey nd the tighter restrictions in the
Balkans, this central route across the Mediterranean from Libya is back
The crossings to Italy in March were three times the figure
The UN's refugee agency said 100,000 more
migrants are already packed into towns and cities in Libya
The National Crime Agency already has a presence in
Sicily, they would like to be in Libya but the Government there want
So, it's likely that, as the summer progresses, the pressure
will mount - not only on the Italian coast but on the northern French
Last summer, the Eurotunnel was closed on several
Calais and Dover have spent millions tightening security.
Now, the NCA sees evidence that criminal
gangs will look into alternative routes, through smaller British
ports, like Hull, Tilbury and New Haven.
Some migrants, he said, have paid up to ?12,000 for a
crossing from Dunkirk - in rigid, inflatable boats.
Europe is planning to send naval ships closer to the
Libyan coast line to intercept migrants in-shore.
It's a plan backed by the British Prime Minister.
He knows that, two months from the
referendum on Britain but my future in Europe,
On his side, Brussels must demonstrate it has the answers.
As we mentioned, Germany has proposed new legislation which it
says will better integrate migrants into the country.
The new measures include making the new arrivals attend language
courses and job training, they could also be told
Let's listen to what the vice Chancellor, Sigmar Gabriel,
TRANSLATION: Introducing the integration law is one of the most
For the first time ever, any history of the Federal
republic, Germany get its own integration law.
Those who wish to belong here will now have
opportunities to make their own contribution to society.
This law signals performance is worthwhile.
Those who participate win recognition, prosperity and
freedom - and hopefully also rights and duties
as a citizen after a certain time.
Our correspondent Damien McGuinness joins me now from Berlin.
What happens to those who don't take part in these programmes? Welcomer
at the big controversial aspect of this new law, Kim. What will happen
theoretically is that benefits and support could be part. Whether that
will really happen is another question because you can obviously
leave people with the destitute. What you have, really, it's an
interesting compromise between the centre left and centre right
Government in Germany. They are saying, on the one hand, integration
has to come from society but also from the asylum seekers themselves.
This is all about, as Angela Merkel would say, write in support for
asylum seekers but also obligations and UG. As you quite rightly said,
that is about giving and guaranteeing a language classes and
courses in Jenin culture and job opportunities. On the other, it also
means possibly saying to asylum seekers that, if they don't take up
these offers, then support could be topped. How that would actually
happen still remains vague because what, in this law, they say is the
theory, they don't say how it would actually be an planning to do
though. It seems like a principle rather than a pragmatic approach.
What about numbers? This could apply to maybe 100,000 people. You have 1
million people who have, over the last 12 months to Germany. Yes, that
is right. 1.1 million is an estimate. It is an enormous amount
of people. The reason why this integration was seen as so important
year is because it's really, I'm the one hand, the aim being to integrate
new arrivals into the country but the other aim is clearly true ballet
fears are among a large -- allay fears among a large group of people.
Because of those years, we have seen a rise in anti-populist parties
across Germany. On the one hand, it is to support refugees but it is
also really need to stave off that rising support for the anti-migrant
parties which the covenant is getting increasingly afraid of.
Thank you very much indeed. -- the Government is getting afraid of.
The southern Japanese island of Kyushu has been hit by a strong
earthquake that has caused several houses to collapse, trapping
The quake had a magnitude of 6.5 but Japan's seismology office
recorded the shaking at some places to be as intense as the huge
earthquake that hit the country in 2011.
From Tokyo Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports.
Japanese television reports have shown CCTV pictures of the extremely
intense shaking that took place in the city Kumamoto
The quake struck there at around 9:30pm this evening
On Japan's own scale of earthquake intensity,
That is the highest level and as high as the devastating quake
that hit northern Japan back in 2011.
Fortunately, this time, there
has been no tsunami and damage appears to be limited.
TRANSLATION: We are currently doing all we can to
We have had reports of homes that have
However, we have not had any reports of any irregularities in
At least ten houses are reported to have
collapsed and a number of people are trapped.
Some are reported to be talking to rescue crews but at least one
After two years of nothing, finally, something -
perhaps a glimmer of hope for the families of the missing
abducted by Islamist extremists two years ago, today.
The Nigerian government has seen a video which appears to prove that
The two-year anniversary of the girls' abduction has been
marked by vigils and protests over the government's
Our correspondent in Abuja - Martin Patience - joined relatives
They've come out on behalf of the girls that could not
and are marching of towards the presidential palace.
There's some family members in this crowd
and they want answers from the government.
In almost two-years, two years now, not a single one of
the girls has been rescued and there's defiance and anger.
They want the government to dedicate more
We had news of a video that emerged, the first time that the girls had
There is a renewed sense of hope that some
of the girls maybe one day will be brought back alive.
The UN Special Envoy for Global Education -
the former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown - told me
that the international community needs to do more
I think the first thing is, we have to feel sympathy for the parents
this morning that they don't know whether their children
They may have seen them in some of these videos but they're
They're not sure whether they been molested, violated, raped, or
married off - or are slaves and are working for the Boko Haram.
First of all, we tried with the different
governments doing air surveillance to try and locate the girls.
There was some success but, in the end,
these girls are dispersed across Nigeria and perhaps outside Nigeria.
If one group was rescued, another group would be
There are sensitivities about how you go about this.
Secondly, what we had to do was, make sure that the
other girls in Nigeria and the surrounding counties were safe.
So, we have the safe schools initiative
to make sure the schools that are vulnerable to attack are
safe for the girls who are still trying to go to school and, in some
I think, after two years, the United Nations Security Council should
I think they should look at whether China, France,
Britain and America could come together to do a further
surveillance admission and then leaving, the military on the ground
You defended Goodluck Jonathan at the time.
You visited him shortly after these girls went missing and it
even admit that they had been abducted.
How remiss was he in following this up?
I also talked to the new president, President Bukhari, and I
spoke to new ministers of the Nigerian government regularly about
There is a real problem that I mentioned that, even if you could
spot and locate some of the girls, the minute
you moved in, you'd put the
That has been a real worry for presidents, both of
them, and also the Nigerian military forces.
That doesn't escape the fact that we could have a more concerted
After all, by satellite photography, you can
almost pinpoint every tree in Africa.
You ought to be able, not only to locate
something about the fear that you have about by rescuing one
You also criticised the global media response as being rather slow,
If something like this happened in the west, it
would be followed relentlessly forever.
the fact that these are African children, do you think?
the problems I face in the job I'm doing.
Children's rights are being violated every day.
In Nepal, we had an earthquake and children have
been trafficked out of Nepal into India.
In Syria, we have got incidents of rape, child labour,
of girls that have gone missing and the trafficking from Syria into
I think we don't take children's rights seriously enough
and I think we have come to accept, almost, that these events will
happen and we brush them aside, perhaps,
after a moment's anger and
a moment's identification with the parents.
We have got to be more aware that children are at risk in
all parts of the world and that our systems
for protecting children's rights are indeed very poor.
Let's catch up with some of the day's other stories.
Colombia's health ministry confirmed two cases of Zika related
These are the first cases in the country since
US health officials said on Wednesday that infection
with the Zika virus during pregnancy causes severe birth defects,
Ukraine has a new Prime Minister: Volodymyr Groysman is from the same
political party as President Petro Poroshenko.
His approval ends weeks of infighting
A number of people remain unaccounted for after the collapse
of an apartment block on the Spanish island of Tenerife.
According to local media, three people were injured -
one seriously - when the four-storey building on the south
Residents living near the building said they heard a large
If you want something done, call the President.
It's an annual event - and this time lasted precisely three
Russian president Vladimir Putin's televised call-in show.
It's where Russian citizens get the chance to ask
more than two million questions were sent in for Mr Putin's Q
marathon - including a few about the Panama papers.
Who does these provocations? We know they are from American institutions.
It is an immediate company owned by Goldman Sachs. We should not expect
them to show any kind of remorse. They will keep on doing it and there
will be more of this stuff closer to the parliamentary elections.
Olga Ivshina from the BBC's Russian Service in Moscow
Western conspiracies are his favourite topic. We try to check
fact that he has mentioned and we did not find any proof that they are
owned by Goldman Sachs. We tried but did not succeed. It might be that
she has been misinformed by his secretary. On the other side,
Vladimir Putin did confirm that most of the things measured in the Panama
papers were true but he did point out that his friend actually spent
most of the money just buying precious musical instruments and
helping young talented Russians become better musicians. He always
find their way out. These were cellos but they must be pretty
remarkable cellos for that amount of money. That aside. We were told that
some people had been taken to a Moscow resort to Ascot their
questions and rehearse them. Was this stage? -- was this stage?
TRANSLATION: We have better relations. Probably better than we
used to have. I know that everything is in order. She's quite happy with
her life. Also quite happy with my life. People who are elected to be
members of the Parliament of the President so that they work but the
issues of personal life, they are of course of interest to people. I have
to understand that. Still, they are not the first priority. Maybe one
day, I will be able to satisfy your curiosity. What is the feeling? Is
this a genuinely live phone in or was he expecting a question like
this? Overcoming gas. Questions like this are asked every year and this
is no different. -- oh, yes. They are middle-aged women so they were
about the president has not been married for such a long time of the
we reserved on this. He never reveals much on this. There is
nothing confirmed about his daughters, his wife's destiny or
some independent investigations but we can only speculate.
After a review last year, one London surgeon has found a new way to
teach. Looking through virtual reality. You are watching a world
first. The first surgery to be filmed in 360 degrees virtual
reality and streamed live online for anyone to watch anywhere in the
world. As these medical students turn their heads, they can see
everything happening in the operating theatre from the
perspective of a 360 camera directly above the patient.
This is operating theatre one of the Royal London Hospital. The surgeon
is currently removing a tumour from the patient. She is passionate about
using this kind of technology to train new surgeons. A lot of people
in the world do not have access to safe and affordable surgery. We have
to train people any much more efficient manner. People around
to train people any much more world using low-cost technology
through a headset, this can be shown around the world and we can train a
lot of people at one time. He explained his actions do the
camera and, hence, to the audience. How
camera and, hence, to the audience. watching? It was an is amazing. This
is something we would normally not be able to see and it
is something we would normally not from it. To be in the surgery is
great but you're not actually touching the patient. You are
looking over his shoulder but, from this angle, you can see absolutely
everything. We have nothing in your way as you're directly on top of the
patient. The great thing about this is coming you can get to see places
that you would not normally see but it is not as real as actually being
here. Whether you would want to be is a completely different matter.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have arrived in the Himalayan nation
of Bhutan where they've been welcomed by another
young royal couple - Bhutan's King and Queen.
They'll need to acclimatise today because tomorrow the Duke
and Duchess will be hiking to a Buddhist monastery perched
From Bhutan, here's our Royal correspondent, Nicholas Witchell.
This is a country that proudly proclaims to be very different. A
small nation strongly influenced by its Buddhist faith by the big thing
is happiness. They even have a national happiness index here. A
place with a difference for William and Catherine to visit but a
destination that is hardly a priority -- Katherine. You might as
why, other than to enjoy some happiness and contentment, why have
them come to this small country in the Himalayas? Here is the official
line. Jan has a new king. -- Bhutan. The new king is of a similar age to
William and Katherine. He is constitutional rather than absolute
monarch. He presides over a generation which
monarch. He presides over a India. The king and queen has got
their guests to a Buddhist temple where they lit candles. And here is
another part of the experience, archery. Which is Cage discovered,
is not as easy as it looks. -- as Kate discovered. Bhutan has some of
the best archers in the world. It is their national sport. Not a lot of
people know that, but then again, not a a lot of people know Bhutan.
Are you ever in the cinema and itching to send a text?
Well, one of the largest cinema chains in the US is considering
letting customers use their mobile phones during films.
In a magazine interview, the chief executive of AMC,
Adam Aron, explained he was looking at ways to encourage more younger
He said, "You can't tell a 22-year-old to turn
"That's not how they live their life."
With me is a lifestyle vlogger and youtuber whose typically
Including right now when we are trying to what the Jungle cat
MacBook. -- Jungle Book. I am actually completely against it. It
is very difficulties they are away from your phone...
Sorry. I am completely against it. Where is it acceptable? Would
you...? Would you...? Typical. Would you be on your phone
if you're at a dinner? It depends. If you are out with friends, it is
OK. If you're out with family, it is a bit awkward. Is a generational?
Yes, definitely. If someone was on the phone at the cinema, would you
say I were just be I would just be put off going to the cinema
altogether. A a lot of people are not going anywhere because there are
so many other things to do. Usually quiet carriages on trains now where
people have to ask to use their phones. That might happen with
cinemas. Yes. We then look into copyright law, where do you draw the
line? Exactly. I can understand that a lot of young people want to be on
their phones only time. It can be tricky when you get to things like
twilight of the hunger games, where the younger generation have made
these films very successful. And heating. Exactly. The old I am
completely against it. Yes. I'm going to end the programme so we
can take all these urgent phone calls and text messages.
But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
That is quite nice actually. Yes, it is.
Hello again. Then the one Saturday, we have had some were sundry
downpours. This time, across East Anglia. We