14/04/2016 World News Today


14/04/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:10.

In an age in learning our language face benefit cuts. -- N-Gage.

:00:11.:00:24.

Germany's message to migrants which Angela Merkel says will make

:00:25.:00:26.

it easier for asylum seekers to enter the workplace.

:00:27.:00:28.

Two powerful earthquakes have struck southern Japan,

:00:29.:00:30.

causing buildings to collapse, sparking fires

:00:31.:00:31.

Marching so the world doesn't forget their daughters.

:00:32.:00:36.

The campaign for the release of Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped

:00:37.:00:37.

exactly two years ago by Boko Haram militants.

:00:38.:00:39.

And can teenagers keep off their phones long enough

:00:40.:00:42.

One of America's largest cinema chains decides to let

:00:43.:00:45.

people use their mobiles to text during films.

:00:46.:01:07.

Learn our language or risk losing your benefits.

:01:08.:01:12.

Those are the conditions soon to be imposed on migrants wanting

:01:13.:01:15.

The country has been struggling to find ways of handling

:01:16.:01:18.

the one million migrants who arrived last year.

:01:19.:01:20.

The flow of asylum seekers into Europe isn't letting up.

:01:21.:01:23.

As countries in the east of the continent tighten

:01:24.:01:25.

their border controls, many migrants are once again turning

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to the dangerous route across the Mediterranean.

:01:28.:01:31.

The weather is improving and already there has been a marked increase

:01:32.:01:34.

in people making the risky sea crossing in recent weeks.

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Dangerous crossing to Europe is an option.

:01:37.:01:59.

Despite the efforts of European Navies to contain the

:02:00.:02:01.

central Mediterranean route, the smuggling

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There is no end of desperate people prepared to make this journey -

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and no shortage of unsuitable boats ready to carry them.

:02:08.:02:11.

Last year, 87% of 900,000 migrants reaching Europe came through Greece.

:02:12.:02:16.

Following a new deal with Turkey nd the tighter restrictions in the

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Balkans, this central route across the Mediterranean from Libya is back

:02:20.:02:21.

The crossings to Italy in March were three times the figure

:02:22.:02:25.

The UN's refugee agency said 100,000 more

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migrants are already packed into towns and cities in Libya

:02:32.:02:33.

The National Crime Agency already has a presence in

:02:34.:02:41.

Sicily, they would like to be in Libya but the Government there want

:02:42.:02:44.

So, it's likely that, as the summer progresses, the pressure

:02:45.:02:50.

will mount - not only on the Italian coast but on the northern French

:02:51.:02:53.

Last summer, the Eurotunnel was closed on several

:02:54.:02:56.

Calais and Dover have spent millions tightening security.

:02:57.:03:01.

Now, the NCA sees evidence that criminal

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gangs will look into alternative routes, through smaller British

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ports, like Hull, Tilbury and New Haven.

:03:07.:03:10.

Some migrants, he said, have paid up to ?12,000 for a

:03:11.:03:16.

crossing from Dunkirk - in rigid, inflatable boats.

:03:17.:03:19.

Europe is planning to send naval ships closer to the

:03:20.:03:22.

Libyan coast line to intercept migrants in-shore.

:03:23.:03:26.

It's a plan backed by the British Prime Minister.

:03:27.:03:28.

He knows that, two months from the

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referendum on Britain but my future in Europe,

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On his side, Brussels must demonstrate it has the answers.

:03:33.:03:47.

As we mentioned, Germany has proposed new legislation which it

:03:48.:03:50.

says will better integrate migrants into the country.

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The new measures include making the new arrivals attend language

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courses and job training, they could also be told

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Let's listen to what the vice Chancellor, Sigmar Gabriel,

:03:57.:03:59.

TRANSLATION: Introducing the integration law is one of the most

:04:00.:04:04.

For the first time ever, any history of the Federal

:04:05.:04:08.

republic, Germany get its own integration law.

:04:09.:04:10.

Those who wish to belong here will now have

:04:11.:04:18.

opportunities to make their own contribution to society.

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This law signals performance is worthwhile.

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Those who participate win recognition, prosperity and

:04:28.:04:30.

freedom - and hopefully also rights and duties

:04:31.:04:31.

as a citizen after a certain time.

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Our correspondent Damien McGuinness joins me now from Berlin.

:04:38.:04:43.

What happens to those who don't take part in these programmes? Welcomer

:04:44.:04:52.

at the big controversial aspect of this new law, Kim. What will happen

:04:53.:04:56.

theoretically is that benefits and support could be part. Whether that

:04:57.:05:00.

will really happen is another question because you can obviously

:05:01.:05:05.

leave people with the destitute. What you have, really, it's an

:05:06.:05:08.

interesting compromise between the centre left and centre right

:05:09.:05:14.

Government in Germany. They are saying, on the one hand, integration

:05:15.:05:18.

has to come from society but also from the asylum seekers themselves.

:05:19.:05:21.

This is all about, as Angela Merkel would say, write in support for

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asylum seekers but also obligations and UG. As you quite rightly said,

:05:28.:05:32.

that is about giving and guaranteeing a language classes and

:05:33.:05:35.

courses in Jenin culture and job opportunities. On the other, it also

:05:36.:05:39.

means possibly saying to asylum seekers that, if they don't take up

:05:40.:05:44.

these offers, then support could be topped. How that would actually

:05:45.:05:48.

happen still remains vague because what, in this law, they say is the

:05:49.:05:56.

theory, they don't say how it would actually be an planning to do

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though. It seems like a principle rather than a pragmatic approach.

:06:00.:06:05.

What about numbers? This could apply to maybe 100,000 people. You have 1

:06:06.:06:08.

million people who have, over the last 12 months to Germany. Yes, that

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is right. 1.1 million is an estimate. It is an enormous amount

:06:17.:06:19.

of people. The reason why this integration was seen as so important

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year is because it's really, I'm the one hand, the aim being to integrate

:06:25.:06:28.

new arrivals into the country but the other aim is clearly true ballet

:06:29.:06:41.

fears are among a large -- allay fears among a large group of people.

:06:42.:06:47.

Because of those years, we have seen a rise in anti-populist parties

:06:48.:06:55.

across Germany. On the one hand, it is to support refugees but it is

:06:56.:07:00.

also really need to stave off that rising support for the anti-migrant

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parties which the covenant is getting increasingly afraid of.

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Thank you very much indeed. -- the Government is getting afraid of.

:07:11.:07:13.

The southern Japanese island of Kyushu has been hit by a strong

:07:14.:07:16.

earthquake that has caused several houses to collapse, trapping

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The quake had a magnitude of 6.5 but Japan's seismology office

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recorded the shaking at some places to be as intense as the huge

:07:23.:07:25.

earthquake that hit the country in 2011.

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From Tokyo Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports.

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Japanese television reports have shown CCTV pictures of the extremely

:07:29.:07:30.

intense shaking that took place in the city Kumamoto

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The quake struck there at around 9:30pm this evening

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On Japan's own scale of earthquake intensity,

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That is the highest level and as high as the devastating quake

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that hit northern Japan back in 2011.

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Fortunately, this time, there

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has been no tsunami and damage appears to be limited.

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TRANSLATION: We are currently doing all we can to

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We have had reports of homes that have

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However, we have not had any reports of any irregularities in

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At least ten houses are reported to have

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collapsed and a number of people are trapped.

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Some are reported to be talking to rescue crews but at least one

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After two years of nothing, finally, something -

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perhaps a glimmer of hope for the families of the missing

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abducted by Islamist extremists two years ago, today.

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The Nigerian government has seen a video which appears to prove that

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The two-year anniversary of the girls' abduction has been

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marked by vigils and protests over the government's

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Our correspondent in Abuja - Martin Patience - joined relatives

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They've come out on behalf of the girls that could not

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and are marching of towards the presidential palace.

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There's some family members in this crowd

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and they want answers from the government.

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In almost two-years, two years now, not a single one of

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the girls has been rescued and there's defiance and anger.

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They want the government to dedicate more

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We had news of a video that emerged, the first time that the girls had

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There is a renewed sense of hope that some

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of the girls maybe one day will be brought back alive.

:09:44.:09:50.

The UN Special Envoy for Global Education -

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the former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown - told me

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that the international community needs to do more

:09:58.:09:59.

I think the first thing is, we have to feel sympathy for the parents

:10:00.:10:05.

this morning that they don't know whether their children

:10:06.:10:07.

They may have seen them in some of these videos but they're

:10:08.:10:13.

They're not sure whether they been molested, violated, raped, or

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married off - or are slaves and are working for the Boko Haram.

:10:22.:10:24.

First of all, we tried with the different

:10:25.:10:27.

governments doing air surveillance to try and locate the girls.

:10:28.:10:30.

There was some success but, in the end,

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these girls are dispersed across Nigeria and perhaps outside Nigeria.

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If one group was rescued, another group would be

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There are sensitivities about how you go about this.

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Secondly, what we had to do was, make sure that the

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other girls in Nigeria and the surrounding counties were safe.

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So, we have the safe schools initiative

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to make sure the schools that are vulnerable to attack are

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safe for the girls who are still trying to go to school and, in some

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I think, after two years, the United Nations Security Council should

:11:04.:11:07.

I think they should look at whether China, France,

:11:08.:11:10.

Britain and America could come together to do a further

:11:11.:11:13.

surveillance admission and then leaving, the military on the ground

:11:14.:11:15.

You defended Goodluck Jonathan at the time.

:11:16.:11:21.

You visited him shortly after these girls went missing and it

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even admit that they had been abducted.

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How remiss was he in following this up?

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I also talked to the new president, President Bukhari, and I

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spoke to new ministers of the Nigerian government regularly about

:11:36.:11:38.

There is a real problem that I mentioned that, even if you could

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spot and locate some of the girls, the minute

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you moved in, you'd put the

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That has been a real worry for presidents, both of

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them, and also the Nigerian military forces.

:11:54.:11:55.

That doesn't escape the fact that we could have a more concerted

:11:56.:11:57.

After all, by satellite photography, you can

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almost pinpoint every tree in Africa.

:12:03.:12:07.

You ought to be able, not only to locate

:12:08.:12:10.

something about the fear that you have about by rescuing one

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You also criticised the global media response as being rather slow,

:12:17.:12:19.

If something like this happened in the west, it

:12:20.:12:25.

would be followed relentlessly forever.

:12:26.:12:27.

the fact that these are African children, do you think?

:12:28.:12:33.

the problems I face in the job I'm doing.

:12:34.:12:40.

Children's rights are being violated every day.

:12:41.:12:42.

In Nepal, we had an earthquake and children have

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been trafficked out of Nepal into India.

:12:48.:12:53.

In Syria, we have got incidents of rape, child labour,

:12:54.:12:55.

of girls that have gone missing and the trafficking from Syria into

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I think we don't take children's rights seriously enough

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and I think we have come to accept, almost, that these events will

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happen and we brush them aside, perhaps,

:13:07.:13:07.

after a moment's anger and

:13:08.:13:10.

a moment's identification with the parents.

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We have got to be more aware that children are at risk in

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all parts of the world and that our systems

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for protecting children's rights are indeed very poor.

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Let's catch up with some of the day's other stories.

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Colombia's health ministry confirmed two cases of Zika related

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These are the first cases in the country since

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US health officials said on Wednesday that infection

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with the Zika virus during pregnancy causes severe birth defects,

:13:44.:13:46.

Ukraine has a new Prime Minister: Volodymyr Groysman is from the same

:13:47.:13:52.

political party as President Petro Poroshenko.

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His approval ends weeks of infighting

:13:54.:13:56.

A number of people remain unaccounted for after the collapse

:13:57.:14:02.

of an apartment block on the Spanish island of Tenerife.

:14:03.:14:05.

According to local media, three people were injured -

:14:06.:14:10.

one seriously - when the four-storey building on the south

:14:11.:14:12.

Residents living near the building said they heard a large

:14:13.:14:16.

If you want something done, call the President.

:14:17.:14:20.

It's an annual event - and this time lasted precisely three

:14:21.:14:27.

Russian president Vladimir Putin's televised call-in show.

:14:28.:14:31.

It's where Russian citizens get the chance to ask

:14:32.:14:33.

more than two million questions were sent in for Mr Putin's Q

:14:34.:14:38.

marathon - including a few about the Panama papers.

:14:39.:14:53.

Who does these provocations? We know they are from American institutions.

:14:54.:15:04.

It is an immediate company owned by Goldman Sachs. We should not expect

:15:05.:15:12.

them to show any kind of remorse. They will keep on doing it and there

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will be more of this stuff closer to the parliamentary elections.

:15:18.:15:20.

Olga Ivshina from the BBC's Russian Service in Moscow

:15:21.:15:22.

Western conspiracies are his favourite topic. We try to check

:15:23.:15:34.

fact that he has mentioned and we did not find any proof that they are

:15:35.:15:41.

owned by Goldman Sachs. We tried but did not succeed. It might be that

:15:42.:15:47.

she has been misinformed by his secretary. On the other side,

:15:48.:15:50.

Vladimir Putin did confirm that most of the things measured in the Panama

:15:51.:15:55.

papers were true but he did point out that his friend actually spent

:15:56.:16:00.

most of the money just buying precious musical instruments and

:16:01.:16:03.

helping young talented Russians become better musicians. He always

:16:04.:16:12.

find their way out. These were cellos but they must be pretty

:16:13.:16:17.

remarkable cellos for that amount of money. That aside. We were told that

:16:18.:16:25.

some people had been taken to a Moscow resort to Ascot their

:16:26.:16:29.

questions and rehearse them. Was this stage? -- was this stage?

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TRANSLATION: We have better relations. Probably better than we

:16:46.:16:50.

used to have. I know that everything is in order. She's quite happy with

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her life. Also quite happy with my life. People who are elected to be

:16:55.:17:00.

members of the Parliament of the President so that they work but the

:17:01.:17:06.

issues of personal life, they are of course of interest to people. I have

:17:07.:17:14.

to understand that. Still, they are not the first priority. Maybe one

:17:15.:17:19.

day, I will be able to satisfy your curiosity. What is the feeling? Is

:17:20.:17:27.

this a genuinely live phone in or was he expecting a question like

:17:28.:17:32.

this? Overcoming gas. Questions like this are asked every year and this

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is no different. -- oh, yes. They are middle-aged women so they were

:17:44.:17:46.

about the president has not been married for such a long time of the

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we reserved on this. He never reveals much on this. There is

:17:51.:17:58.

nothing confirmed about his daughters, his wife's destiny or

:17:59.:18:07.

some independent investigations but we can only speculate.

:18:08.:18:22.

After a review last year, one London surgeon has found a new way to

:18:23.:18:33.

teach. Looking through virtual reality. You are watching a world

:18:34.:18:40.

first. The first surgery to be filmed in 360 degrees virtual

:18:41.:18:44.

reality and streamed live online for anyone to watch anywhere in the

:18:45.:18:48.

world. As these medical students turn their heads, they can see

:18:49.:18:51.

everything happening in the operating theatre from the

:18:52.:18:54.

perspective of a 360 camera directly above the patient.

:18:55.:18:59.

This is operating theatre one of the Royal London Hospital. The surgeon

:19:00.:19:07.

is currently removing a tumour from the patient. She is passionate about

:19:08.:19:12.

using this kind of technology to train new surgeons. A lot of people

:19:13.:19:19.

in the world do not have access to safe and affordable surgery. We have

:19:20.:19:21.

to train people any much more efficient manner. People around

:19:22.:19:28.

to train people any much more world using low-cost technology

:19:29.:19:30.

through a headset, this can be shown around the world and we can train a

:19:31.:19:35.

lot of people at one time. He explained his actions do the

:19:36.:19:38.

camera and, hence, to the audience. How

:19:39.:19:40.

camera and, hence, to the audience. watching? It was an is amazing. This

:19:41.:19:48.

is something we would normally not be able to see and it

:19:49.:19:50.

is something we would normally not from it. To be in the surgery is

:19:51.:19:54.

great but you're not actually touching the patient. You are

:19:55.:20:02.

looking over his shoulder but, from this angle, you can see absolutely

:20:03.:20:06.

everything. We have nothing in your way as you're directly on top of the

:20:07.:20:11.

patient. The great thing about this is coming you can get to see places

:20:12.:20:16.

that you would not normally see but it is not as real as actually being

:20:17.:20:20.

here. Whether you would want to be is a completely different matter.

:20:21.:20:23.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have arrived in the Himalayan nation

:20:24.:20:26.

of Bhutan where they've been welcomed by another

:20:27.:20:28.

young royal couple - Bhutan's King and Queen.

:20:29.:20:30.

They'll need to acclimatise today because tomorrow the Duke

:20:31.:20:32.

and Duchess will be hiking to a Buddhist monastery perched

:20:33.:20:35.

From Bhutan, here's our Royal correspondent, Nicholas Witchell.

:20:36.:20:42.

This is a country that proudly proclaims to be very different. A

:20:43.:20:53.

small nation strongly influenced by its Buddhist faith by the big thing

:20:54.:20:57.

is happiness. They even have a national happiness index here. A

:20:58.:21:01.

place with a difference for William and Catherine to visit but a

:21:02.:21:08.

destination that is hardly a priority -- Katherine. You might as

:21:09.:21:16.

why, other than to enjoy some happiness and contentment, why have

:21:17.:21:19.

them come to this small country in the Himalayas? Here is the official

:21:20.:21:30.

line. Jan has a new king. -- Bhutan. The new king is of a similar age to

:21:31.:21:36.

William and Katherine. He is constitutional rather than absolute

:21:37.:21:39.

monarch. He presides over a generation which

:21:40.:21:50.

monarch. He presides over a India. The king and queen has got

:21:51.:21:52.

their guests to a Buddhist temple where they lit candles. And here is

:21:53.:21:59.

another part of the experience, archery. Which is Cage discovered,

:22:00.:22:08.

is not as easy as it looks. -- as Kate discovered. Bhutan has some of

:22:09.:22:15.

the best archers in the world. It is their national sport. Not a lot of

:22:16.:22:19.

people know that, but then again, not a a lot of people know Bhutan.

:22:20.:22:32.

Are you ever in the cinema and itching to send a text?

:22:33.:22:41.

Well, one of the largest cinema chains in the US is considering

:22:42.:22:44.

letting customers use their mobile phones during films.

:22:45.:22:45.

In a magazine interview, the chief executive of AMC,

:22:46.:22:48.

Adam Aron, explained he was looking at ways to encourage more younger

:22:49.:22:50.

He said, "You can't tell a 22-year-old to turn

:22:51.:22:54.

"That's not how they live their life."

:22:55.:23:01.

With me is a lifestyle vlogger and youtuber whose typically

:23:02.:23:10.

Including right now when we are trying to what the Jungle cat

:23:11.:23:27.

MacBook. -- Jungle Book. I am actually completely against it. It

:23:28.:23:33.

is very difficulties they are away from your phone...

:23:34.:23:39.

Sorry. I am completely against it. Where is it acceptable? Would

:23:40.:23:53.

you...? Would you...? Typical. Would you be on your phone

:23:54.:24:08.

if you're at a dinner? It depends. If you are out with friends, it is

:24:09.:24:13.

OK. If you're out with family, it is a bit awkward. Is a generational?

:24:14.:24:25.

Yes, definitely. If someone was on the phone at the cinema, would you

:24:26.:24:37.

say I were just be I would just be put off going to the cinema

:24:38.:24:41.

altogether. A a lot of people are not going anywhere because there are

:24:42.:24:47.

so many other things to do. Usually quiet carriages on trains now where

:24:48.:24:52.

people have to ask to use their phones. That might happen with

:24:53.:25:02.

cinemas. Yes. We then look into copyright law, where do you draw the

:25:03.:25:07.

line? Exactly. I can understand that a lot of young people want to be on

:25:08.:25:13.

their phones only time. It can be tricky when you get to things like

:25:14.:25:23.

twilight of the hunger games, where the younger generation have made

:25:24.:25:31.

these films very successful. And heating. Exactly. The old I am

:25:32.:25:34.

completely against it. Yes. I'm going to end the programme so we

:25:35.:25:45.

can take all these urgent phone calls and text messages.

:25:46.:25:48.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:49.:25:55.

That is quite nice actually. Yes, it is.

:25:56.:26:07.

Hello again. Then the one Saturday, we have had some were sundry

:26:08.:26:15.

downpours. This time, across East Anglia. We

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